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See detailEffects of diffusion in β Cephei stars
Bourge, P*-O; Théado, S.; Thoul, Anne ULg

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2007), 150

We investigate the effects of the radiatively-driven diffusion of Fe, C, N and O in β Cephei stellar models.

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (7 ULg)
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See detailThe effects of divided attention on the occurrence of false memories
Dehon, Hedwige ULg; Brédart, Serge ULg; Siffert, Jason

Poster (2002, April)

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See detailEffects of Dobutamine on Isovolumic and Ejection Phase Indices of Cardiac Contractility in Conscious Healthy Dogs
Mc Entee, Kathleen ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg; Pypendop, B. et al

in Research in Veterinary Science (1998), 64(1, Jan-Feb), 45-50

The aim of this study was to determine cardiac contractility using indices derived from cardiac catheterisation in conscious healthy dogs during dobutamine infusion. Eight dogs were studied. An ECG was ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to determine cardiac contractility using indices derived from cardiac catheterisation in conscious healthy dogs during dobutamine infusion. Eight dogs were studied. An ECG was recorded together with left ventricular pressure and volume which were measured using a conductance catheter with an integrated microtip pressure sensor. Eight indices of left ventricular systolic performance were derived from these records. Measurements were realised under basal conditions and during an incremental dobutamine challenge. The maximal rate of rise in ventricular pressure (max dP/dt), max dP/dt divided by the developed pressure and the mean systolic ejection rate were the most sensitive indices to detect dobutamine induced changes in contractility with maximal percentage changes of 122+/-11 per cent, 130+/-7 per cent and 102+/-24 per cent respectively. Ejection fraction increased significantly during dobutamine infusion (maximal percentage change of 43+/-9 per cent) whereas the pre-ejection period (PEP) and the left ventricular ejection time (LVET) decreased significantly (maximal percentage change of -41+/-2 per cent and -28+/-3 per cent respectively). All these six indices were significantly correlated with each other. Conversely, the ratio PEP/LVET and the LVET corrected for heart rate dependency showed a maximal percentage change of only -10+/-1 per cent and -16+/-7 per cent, respectively, during the dobutamine infusion and were not significantly correlated with the other contractility indices. This study demonstrated the feasibility of the conductance method to determine cardiac contractility in conscious healthy dogs submitted to a pharmacological stress testing and provides control values for eight indices of left ventricular contractility during dobutamine infusion at increasing dosages. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of dobutamine on left ventriculoarterial coupling and mechanical efficiency in acutely ischemic pigs
Kolh, Philippe ULg; Lambermont, Bernard ULg; Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg et al

in Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology (2005), 45(2), 144-152

This study investigated the effects of dobutamine on left ventriculoarterial (VA) coupling and mechanical efficiency in acutely ischemic pigs. Experiments were performed in 12 pigs in which vascular ... [more ▼]

This study investigated the effects of dobutamine on left ventriculoarterial (VA) coupling and mechanical efficiency in acutely ischemic pigs. Experiments were performed in 12 pigs in which vascular properties, including peripheral resistance (R-2), compliance (C), and arterial elastance (E-a), were estimated with a windkessel model, and left ventricular (LV) function by the slope (E-es) of the end-systolic pressure-volume relationship (ESPVR) and stroke work (SW). VA coupling was defined as E-es/E-a, and mechanical efficiency as SW/pressure-volume area (PVA). In all animals, the left anterior descending coronary artery was ligated after basal measures. The animals were then randomly divided into 2 groups: group CTRL (n = 6) was followed for 180 minutes without other intervention, whereas group DOBU (n = 6) was infused with dobutamine (5 mug(.)kg(-1.)min(-1)) starting after T60 measures. Coronary occlusion induced a rightward shift of ESPVR and a decrease in E-es from 3.67 +/- 0.33 to 1.92 +/- 0.20 mm Hg(.)mL(-1), while E-a changed from 3.33 +/- 0.56 to 4.65 +/- 0.29 mm Hg(.)mL(-1), R-2 from 1.72 +/- 0.30 to 2.38 +/- 0.16 mm Hg(.)s(.)mL(-1), and C from 0.78 +/- 0.16 to 0.46 +/- 0.08 mL(.)mm Hg-1. This altered VA coupling from 1.22 +/- 0.11 to 0.44 +/- 0.07. SW decreased from 4056 +/- 223 to 2372 +/- 122 mm Hg(.)mL, and PVA and SW/PVA decreased from 5575 +/- 514 to 4830 +/- 3.17 mm Hg(.)mL, and from 0.76 +/- 0.04 to 0.49 +/- 0.03, respectively. In group DOBU, dobutamine restored E-es and the position of ESPVR to baseline values, while E-a decreased to 3.39 +/- 0.34 mm Hg(.)mL(-1) because of an R-2 decrease to 1.60 +/- 0.24 mm Hg(.)s(.)mL(-1). VA coupling was restored. SW and PVA increased to 3833 +/- 180 mm Hg(.)mL and to 7498 +/- 442 mm Hg(.)mL, respectively, while SW/PVA was unchanged. In ischemic pigs, dobutamine restored VA coupling through an increase in LV contractility and decrease in arterial elastance as a result of peripheral vasodilatation. However, myocardial oxygen consumption was increased, and mechanical efficiency impaired. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of dolomite lime and clearcut on nitrate leaching from acid forest soils
Carnol, Monique ULg

Conference (1999, May)

Forest liming has received increased attention since the 1980s, when unusual needle yellowing and fall were observed in large parts of Europe and North America. This ‘new forest decline’ has been ... [more ▼]

Forest liming has received increased attention since the 1980s, when unusual needle yellowing and fall were observed in large parts of Europe and North America. This ‘new forest decline’ has been attributed to several causes acting individually or in synergy, amongst which were 'acid rain', nitrogen saturation and nutritional imbalances. Liming at moderate doses was suggested as a counteracting measure against soil acidification and to remove nutritional deficiencies. Another major forest management operation is whole tree harvesting. Both liming and clearcut may however affect the water quality leaving the treated areas. In particular, nitrate leaching is of major concern, as nitrate leaching may be linked to soil acidification, associated cation and/or aluminium release, and nitrate contamination of surface and groundwater. In this paper, I summarise main results of studies performed in the Belgian Ardennes. In this area, the acid brown soils are naturally poor in magnesium and the observed forest dieback symptoms were supposed to be the consequence of increased pollution exacerbating magnesium deficiency. Liming was suggested for prevention and correction. However, possible side effects, in particular on soil solution and stream water chemistry needed to be evaluated. Another major concern was the effects of clearcut operations on the streamwater quality in this area important for drinking water collection. The effects of dolomite lime were investigated at the watershed, plot and laboratory level. Paired watersheds of approximately 80 ha were mainly covered with Picea abies. One watershed of each pair was limed with 3 T/ha of fine ground dolomite and 200 kg/ha K2SO4. Runoff chemistry was analysed for major cations and anions and time series intervention analysis was used to detect statistically significant changes in stream water chemistry. Results showed increased magnesium concentrations immediately after liming, but a major part of the lime was retained by the soil system, and consequences on water chemistry were minor. However, in the plot study, where 5 T ha-1 of a dolomite lime suspension were applied to adjacent Quercus petraea and Picea abies stands, soil solution nitrate concentrations were significantly increased through liming in the Quercus plots. Increased net nitrification in the Quercus stand was confirmed by potential net nitrification measurements in the laboratory. The effects of tree harvesting on streamwater ion concentrations were investigated by clear felling 22 ha (9650 m3 wood) of a 81 ha watershed. This area represented one third of the forested area, the remaining area being covered equally with young plantations and 70-100 year old Picea abies. First data indicate increased potassium, iron, lead and organic carbon concentrations, but no major change in streamwater nitrate concentrations. Results will be discussed in relation to literature data and known controlling factors of the nitrification process. This analysis reveals that the speed, extent and duration of a perturbation in nitrate leaching after liming or felling vary at different sites. Risks assessment for nitrate leaching is therefore difficult and prediction of nitrate leaching in response to a perturbation remains an important challenge for further studies. In particular, basic controls of the nitrification process and relation nitrification/immobilisation need further investigation. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of domperidone on QTc interval in infants
Vieira, MC; Miyague, NI; Van Steen, Kristel ULg et al

in Acta Paediatrica (2012), 101(5), 494-496

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See detailEffects of Dopamine Agonists on Appetitive and Consummatory Male Sexual Behavior in Japanese Quail
Castagna, C.; Ball, G. F.; Balthazart, Jacques ULg

in Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior (1997), 58(2), 403-14

The effects of pharmacological manipulations of dopaminergic transmission on appetitive and consummatory aspects of male sexual behavior were investigated in castrated male Japanese quail treated with ... [more ▼]

The effects of pharmacological manipulations of dopaminergic transmission on appetitive and consummatory aspects of male sexual behavior were investigated in castrated male Japanese quail treated with exogenous testosterone. Appetitive male sexual behavior was assessed by measuring a learned social proximity response and consummatory behavior was assessed by measuring copulatory behavior per se. The nonselective dopamine receptor agonist, apomorphine, inhibited in a dose-dependent manner both components of male sexual behavior. Two indirect dopamine agonists were also tested. Nomifensine, a dopamine re-uptake inhibitor, decreased appetitive sexual behavior but increased the frequency of mount attempts, a measure of consummatory sexual behavior. Amfonelic acid, a compound that enhances dopaminergic tone by a complex mechanism, increased aspects of both appetitive and consummatory behaviors. These data suggest that, in quail, as in rodents, increases in dopaminergic tone facilitate both appetitive and consummatory aspects of male sexual behavior. Apomorphine may be inhibitory in quail because it acts primarily on D2-like receptors, unlike in rats, where it stimulates sexual behavior and acts primarily on D1-like receptors at low doses but interacts with D2-like receptors at higher doses. This is supported by the observation that stereotyped pecking, a behavior stimulated selectively in quail by D2 agonists, was increased by apomorphine but not by the two indirect agonists. The observed partial dissociation between the effects of these dopaminergic agonists on appetitive and consummatory sexual behaviors suggests that these two components of male sexual behavior may be controlled by the action of dopamine through different neuronal systems. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of E. Coli endotoxin on pulmonary resistance in intact dogs
D'Orio, Vincenzo ULg; HALLEUX, J; RODRIGEZ, LM et al

in Critical Care Medicine (1986), 14

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
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See detailThe Effects of Early Retirement on Youth Unemployment: The Case of Belgium
Jousten, Alain ULg

Conference (2008)

The paper studies the effect of the pension system on the unemployment of the young

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See detailThe effects of early retirement on youth unemployment: the case of Belgium
Jousten, Alain ULg; Lefebvre, Mathieu ULg; Pestieau, Pierre ULg et al

in Gruber, Jonathan; Wise, David (Eds.) Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: The Relationship to Youth Employment (2010)

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See detailEffects of eccentric versus concentric training on mouse muscle phenotype
Hody, Stéphanie ULg; Lacrosse, Zoé ULg; Leprince, Pierre ULg et al

in Abstract Book of 10th Meeting of Belgian Society for Neuroscience (2013, May)

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See detailEffects of eccentrically and concentrically biased training on mouse muscle phenotype
Hody, Stéphanie ULg; Lacrosse, Zoé ULg; Leprince, Pierre ULg et al

in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise (2013), 45(8), 1460-1468

Introduction: The molecular adaptations specifically induced by different muscle contraction types have only been partially elucidated. We previously demonstrated that eccentric contractions in human ... [more ▼]

Introduction: The molecular adaptations specifically induced by different muscle contraction types have only been partially elucidated. We previously demonstrated that eccentric contractions in human quadriceps elicited proteome modifications that suggest a muscle fiber typology adaptation. We address this question in a more systematic way by examining here the effects of different running modes on the mouse muscle proteome and the muscle fiber typology. Methods: Male adult mice (C57BL6) were randomly divided into downhill running (DHR, quadricipital eccentrically biased contractions), uphill running (UHR, quadricipital concentrically biased contractions) and untrained control (CONT) groups. Running groups performed five training sessions on an inclined treadmill for 75 to 135 min/day and the quadriceps muscles were dissected 96hours after the last session. Muscle protein extracts of DHR and UHR groups (n=4/group) were subjected to a 2D-DIGE analysis coupled with mass spectrometry. The assessment of fiber type, size and number was performed on the rectus femoris of the three groups (n=6/group) using myosin heavy chain (MHC) immunohistochemistry. Results: In the proteomic analysis, eight spots identified as the fast MHC isoforms exhibited a lower abundance in DHR compared to UHR (p<0.05, t-test). In contrast, ATP synthase subunit α and tubulin β were more expressed in DHR (p<0.05). A significant higher proportion of type I and IIa fibers was found for DHR compared to UHR or CONT groups (p<0.05, one-way ANOVA). Conclusions: Our data suggest that the eccentrically biased contractions in mice induced specific adaptations in protein expression and muscle fiber composition which may reflect a more oxidative muscle phenotype. The differences in stress placed on the muscle between both trainings may be responsible for some unique adaptations resulting from the eccentrically biased training. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of edaphic factors and agricultural practices on phosphorus availability
Renneson, Malorie ULg; Dufey, Joseph; Bock, Laurent ULg et al

Conference (2010, February 23)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (7 ULg)
See detailThe effects of egg position during the last three days of incubation on the hatching process and perinatal adaptation
Kamers, Bram; Beckers, Steven; Willemsen, Hilke et al

in The 5th combined workshop: Fundamental Physiology of the European working group of physiology and perinatal development in poultry (2011)

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See detailEffects of Eisenia fetida on metal uptake of heavy metals from polluted soils by Vicia faba and Zea Mays
Lemtiri, Aboulkacem ULg; Liénard, Amandine ULg; Francis, Frédéric ULg et al

Poster (2014, February 26)

Earthworms are known to increase availability of heavy metals in soils and also play an important role in maintaining the structure and quality of soil. The introduction of earthworms into soils ... [more ▼]

Earthworms are known to increase availability of heavy metals in soils and also play an important role in maintaining the structure and quality of soil. The introduction of earthworms into soils contaminated with metals has been suggested as an aid for phytoremediation processes. In Belgium (Wallonia), a century of industrial metallurgic activities produced significant heavy metal soil pollution. A large q u a n t i t y o f s m e l t e r w a s t e c r e a t e d a g r a d i e n t o f zi n c, lead and cadmium c o n c e n t r a t i o n . The objectives of our study were to evaluate : (i) the potential toxicity of heavy metal elements on the epigeic earthworms Eisenia fetida and on two plants Zea mays and Vicia faba and (ii) to determine the effects of the earthworms on the growth and contaminants phytoextraction process. The combination of behavioural factor measurements (survival, growth, reproduction of earthworms), physico-chemical parameters such as metal absorption, bioaccumulation by earthworms, soil physico-chemical changes, and plant responses (root and shoot elongation, dried biomass,…) provided a valuable indication of pollutant bioavailability and ecotoxicity. After 56-days exposure, the results suggest that adult earthworms have a strong tolerance for heavy metals exposure, but the responses depend on metal elements. Earthworms modify the bioavailable heavy metals in root and shoot in the contaminated soils and their activities alter shoot and root biomass of V. faba and Z. mays. The presence of earthworms led to a change in physico-chemical caracteristics in contaminated soils. These results show that the ecological context for phytoremediation should be broadened by considering earthwom – plant – soil interactions as they influence both plant health and absorption of heavy metals. [less ▲]

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See detailEFFECTS OF ELECTROKINETIC CHARACTERISTICS ON THE FORMATION OF A PROTEIN MICROCRYSTALLINE CELLULOSE COMPLEX
Paquot, Michel ULg; GODIN, F.; Dumont de chassart, Q.

in Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft & -Technologie = Food Science & Technology (1994), 27(1), 11-15

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg)