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See detailDiarrhée virale bovine et maladie des muqueuses
Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULg; Hamers, C.; Dehan, Pierre ULg

in Lefevre, P.-C.; Blancou, J.; Chermette, R. (Eds.) Principales maladies infectieuses et parasitaires du bétail (2003)

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See detailDiarrhée virale bovine et maladie des muqueuses : vaccination contre l'infection par le virus de la BVD-MD
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Gogev, Sacha; Meurens, François et al

in Point Vétérinaire (2004), 35

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See detailDiarrhoea in the critically ill
Wiesen, Patricia ULg; Van Gossum, A.; Preiser, Jean-Charles ULg

in Current Opinion in Critical Care (2006), 12(2), 149-154

Purpose of review The purpose of this review is to update the knowledge on diarrhoea, a common problem in critically ill patients. Epidemiological data will be discussed, with special emphasis on ... [more ▼]

Purpose of review The purpose of this review is to update the knowledge on diarrhoea, a common problem in critically ill patients. Epidemiological data will be discussed, with special emphasis on diarrhoea in tube-fed patients and during antibiotic therapy. The possible preventive and therapeutic measures will be presented. Recent findings The need for concise definitions of diarrhoea was recently re-emphasized. The use of pump-driven continuous instead of intermittent enteral feeding is less often associated with diarrhoea. The discontinuation of enteral feeding during diarrhoea is not justified. Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea is frequent during antibiotic therapy with quinolones and cephalosporins. Formulas enriched with water-soluble fibres are probably effective to prevent diarrhoea, and promising data on the modulation of gut microflora with probiotics and prebiotics were recently released. Summary Diarrhoea is common in critically ill patients, especially when sepsis and hypoalbuminaemia are present, and during enteral feeding and antibiotic therapy. The management of diarrhoea includes generous hydration, compensation for the loss of electrolytes, antidiarrheal oral medications, the continuation of enteral feeding, and metronidazole or glycopeptides in the case of moderate to severe C. difficile colitis. The place of enteral formulas enriched with water-soluble fibres, probiotics and prebiotics is not yet fully defined. [less ▲]

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See detailDiarylazepine derivatives as potent atypical neuroleptic drugs: Recent advances
Liégeois, Jean-François ULg; Bruhwyler, J.; Rogister, F. et al

in Current Medicinal Chemistry (1995), 1

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See detailDiaspirin Crosslinked Hemoglobin (Dclhb): Absence of Increased Free Radical Generation Following Administration in a Rabbit Model of Renal Ischemia and Reperfusion
Pincemail, Joël ULg; Detry, Olivier ULg; Philippart, C. et al

in Free Radical Biology & Medicine (1995), 19(1), 1-9

In control rabbits, a renal ischemia of 60 min followed by 10 min of reperfusion resulted in an enhanced free radical production in cortical tissue, as assessed by a significant decrease of free ... [more ▼]

In control rabbits, a renal ischemia of 60 min followed by 10 min of reperfusion resulted in an enhanced free radical production in cortical tissue, as assessed by a significant decrease of free glutathione (42%), protein-bound GSH (17%), and vitamin E (49%). In contrast, catalase or glutathione peroxidase activities were not affected by these experimental conditions. Free radical production in this model was also measured directly using electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy associated with a PBN (alpha-phenyl N-tert-butyl-nitrone) spin trap agent in the venous blood arising from the ischemic kidney. The signal consisted of a triplet of doublets. In contrast, no signal could be detected in control blood samples taken prior to inducing ischemia. The burst of free radical production occurred in the early phase after restoration of flow in the kidneys rendered ischemic, as evidenced by a signal of weak intensity which generally appeared within the third minute after reperfusion and progressively increased to form a well-defined asymmetric signal following 10 min of reperfusion. The precise nature of free radicals trapped by the PBN agent remains, however, to be elucidated, but analysis of the coupling constants (aN = 14.5-15 G; a beta H = 2.5-3 G) and asymmetry of the central doublets suggests that the ESR signal may arise from a nitorxy-radical adduct resulting from the spin trapping by PBN of both oxygen- or carbon-centered radicals of lipid origin. As evidenced by both direct and indirect measurements, exchange of rabbit blood immediately after inducing renal ischemia with 30 ml/kg of Diaspirin Crosslinked Hemoglobin (7.5 g/dl in lactated electrolyte) or human serum albumin (7.5 g/dl in lactated electrolyte) did not exacerbate free radical production mediated by an ischemia reperfusion phenomenon, a typical situation found in a resuscitation setting. [less ▲]

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See detailDiaspora Contributions to Democratic Processes at Home: The External Vote of Andean Migrants
Bermudez Torres, Anastasia ULg; Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULg

Conference (2015, June 22)

This paper focuses on the external vote and wider transnational political participation of Andean migrants from Colombia and Bolivia. Its main aim is to discuss the contributions of these diasporas to ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on the external vote and wider transnational political participation of Andean migrants from Colombia and Bolivia. Its main aim is to discuss the contributions of these diasporas to democratic and wider political processes in the home countries. The two cases considered offer a good opportunity to do so, since in the last few decades they have put forward new mechanisms for the political inclusion of their nationals abroad, but in different historical, socioeconomic and political contexts. Key amongst these initiatives has been the extension of voting rights to nationals abroad. One of the objectives is thus to compare the different reasons and mechanisms used by states to implement external voting policies, as well as migrant participation in elections. Migrants from the three countries have participated to a lesser or greater degree in the development of such policies and the practice of voting from abroad. A comparison of their participation rates in each case and the reasons for voting or not might allow us to find out more about the success or failure of such processes. Equally, different governments, parties and other state and political institutions in the home countries have related differently to the diasporas, often based on the supposed political allegiances or ideological inclinations of these groups. Based on all this, the two national communities abroad studied have played different roles in key recent political processes in their home countries, such as the emergence of an ethno- nationalist-left government in Bolivia, and efforts for greater democracy and the end of the armed conflict in Colombia. This paper is based on quantitative and qualitative data, as well as secondary information, obtained by the authors through different research projects carried out over the last few years with migrants from the two countries studied. The text looks next at the theoretical framework for the research, before analysing in detail the two cases considered. The last develops a comparative discussion and presents concluding perspectives. [less ▲]

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See detailDiaspora et Transmigration
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (2010, October 07)

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See detailDiáspora y voto en el exterior. La participación política de los emigrantes bolivianos en las elecciones de su país de origen
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULg

Book published by CIDOB (2012)

A nivel internacional, 115 países permiten que sus ciudadanos en el exterior ejerzan el derecho de participar en las elecciones de su país de origen. A pesar del desarrollo de la literatura sobre ... [more ▼]

A nivel internacional, 115 países permiten que sus ciudadanos en el exterior ejerzan el derecho de participar en las elecciones de su país de origen. A pesar del desarrollo de la literatura sobre transnacionalismo político, el impacto del voto en el exterior sobre las relaciones entre emigrante, país de origen y país de residencia permanece desconocido. A través del caso de las elecciones presidenciales bolivianas del 6 de diciembre 2009, este libro discute las motivaciones de los estados expulsores por otorgar el derecho de votar a sus emigrantes, las variaciones en el uso de este derecho por los emigrantes según los lugares de destino y el impacto de este voto sobre el empoderamiento de los emigrantes en las sociedades de origen y de residencia. Los resultados presentados en este libro se basan en la observación del proceso electoral en el exterior, en entrevistas en profundidad conducidas con emigrantes y en más de 300 encuestas con electores bolivianos realizadas en las ciudades de Madrid, Buenos Aires, San Pablo y Nueva York. [less ▲]

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See detailDiasporas: A Journey within African Diasporas
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Speech/Talk (2015)

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See detailDiasporic Experience and Music in Caryl Phillips’s Crossing the River
Mascoli, Giulia ULg

Conference (2015, September 07)

This paper deals with Caryl Phillips who has incessantly represented diasporic experience in his work where he evokes complex identities at the crossroads between Africa, the Caribbean and Europe. My ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with Caryl Phillips who has incessantly represented diasporic experience in his work where he evokes complex identities at the crossroads between Africa, the Caribbean and Europe. My proposal is to concentrate on Phillips’s novel Crossing the River (1993) which extensively explores the theme of the African diaspora and which, interestingly, has also been described as his most jazzy text. This narrative not only addresses diasporic themes, such as uprootings and lost origins, but very much like jazz -- which is for Brathwaite “a cry from the heart of the hurt man” (277) – it gives a voice to the victims of history, to shattered individuals in pain whose tragic fate is viewed at once as personal and collective. Benítez-Rojo draws attention to the importance of rhythm in this text, but he only provides a limited analysis with no specific examples of how this significant feature of the work is achieved or the purposes it serves. In this paper I will try to demonstrate that Phillips’s thematic and formal use of music, including the references to classic themes of the African American musical tradition or the recurrent and creative use of repetitions, has a performative role and reenacts the duty of remembering inherent in the diasporic experience. [less ▲]

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See detailDiasporic Hereafters in Jhumpa Lahiri’s “Once in a Lifetime”
Munos, Delphine ULg

in Schultermandl, Silvia; Toplu, Sebnem (Eds.) A Fluid Sense of Self: The Politics of Transnational Identity (2011)

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See detailDiastematomyelia: pre- and postnatal multimodal diagnostic approach.
Passoglou, V.; Tebache, M.; Collignon, L. et al

in Journal Belge de Radiologie (1924) (2011), 94(6), 333-5

Diastematomyelia is a relatively rare congenital abnormality presenting as a sagittal separation of the spinal cord. Although cases of diastematomyelia have been previously reported, fully documented ... [more ▼]

Diastematomyelia is a relatively rare congenital abnormality presenting as a sagittal separation of the spinal cord. Although cases of diastematomyelia have been previously reported, fully documented approaches by both prenatal and postnatal diagnostic workup are rare in the literature. We present a fully studied case of diastematomyelia type I investigated by prenatal US and MRI and postnatal US, MRI and radiography. [less ▲]

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See detailDiazepam-Insensitive Gabaa Receptors on Postnatal Spiral Ganglion Neurones in Culture
Malgrange, Brigitte ULg; Rigo, Jean-Michel; Lefebvre, Philippe ULg et al

in Neuroreport (1997), 8(3), 591-6

Using dissociated spiral ganglion cell cultures obtained from 3-day-old rat cochlea, we investigated the response of auditory neurones to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) using patch-clamp techniques. In ... [more ▼]

Using dissociated spiral ganglion cell cultures obtained from 3-day-old rat cochlea, we investigated the response of auditory neurones to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) using patch-clamp techniques. In our recording conditions, GABA elicited inward currents in > 95% of the neurones which reversed around 0 mV. Similar inward currents were measured using isoguvacin, a specific agonist of GABAA receptors. GABA-gated currents were reversibly inhibited by the channel blocker picrotoxin and the GABA competitive antagonist bicuculline. These functional GABAA receptors are characterized by an insensitivity to benzodiazepines and a relatively high sensitivity to beta-carbolines and barbiturates. These results show that the GABAA receptor pharmacological properties of spiral ganglion neurones are close to those of cerebellar granule cells. [less ▲]

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See detailDibarium zirconium tetraoxalate trihydrate
Vertruyen, Bénédicte ULg; Robertz, Bénédicte; Guillaume, Bernard ULg et al

in Acta Crystallographica Section C-Crystal Structure Communications (2004), 60(Pt 6), 233-234

A new mixed barium zirconium oxalate, triaquatetra-mu-oxalato-dibarium(II)zirconium(IV), Ba2Zr(C2O4)(4).3H(2)O or [Ba2Zr(C2O4)(4)(H2O)(3)](n), has been synthesized. The complex is built from eightfold ... [more ▼]

A new mixed barium zirconium oxalate, triaquatetra-mu-oxalato-dibarium(II)zirconium(IV), Ba2Zr(C2O4)(4).3H(2)O or [Ba2Zr(C2O4)(4)(H2O)(3)](n), has been synthesized. The complex is built from eightfold-coordinated Zr atoms and eleven- and sixfold-coordinated Ba atoms, linked by oxalate groups. The Zr atom, the two Ba atoms and one water O atom lie on crystallographic twofold axes, so that each coordination polyhedron has imposed C2 symmetry. Packing in the crystal is also assumed through hydrogen bonds. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (3 ULg)