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See detailDensity of states of chaotic Andreev billiards
Kuipers, Jack; Engl, Thomas; Berkolaiko, Gregory et al

in PHYSICAL REVIEW B (2011), 83(19), 195316-21

Quantum cavities or dots have markedly different properties depending on whether their classical counterparts are chaotic or not. Connecting a superconductor to such a cavity leads to notable proximity ... [more ▼]

Quantum cavities or dots have markedly different properties depending on whether their classical counterparts are chaotic or not. Connecting a superconductor to such a cavity leads to notable proximity effects, particularly the appearance, predicted by random matrix theory, of a hard gap in the excitation spectrum of quantum chaotic systems. Andreev billiards are interesting examples of such structures built with superconductors connected to a ballistic normal metal billiard since each time an electron hits the superconducting part it is retroreflected as a hole (and vice versa). Using a semiclassical framework for systems with chaotic dynamics, we show how this reflection, along with the interference due to subtle correlations between the classical paths of electrons and holes inside the system, is ultimately responsible for the gap formation. The treatment can be extended to include the effects of a symmetry-breaking magnetic field in the normal part of the billiard or an Andreev billiard connected to two phase-shifted superconductors. Therefore, we are able to see how these effects can remold and eventually suppress the gap. Furthermore, the semiclassical framework is able to cover the effect of a finite Ehrenfest time, which also causes the gap to shrink. However, for intermediate values this leads to the appearance of a second hard gap-a clear signature of the Ehrenfest time. [less ▲]

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See detailDensity variations and their influence on carbon stocks: case-study on two Biosphere Reserves in the Democratic Republic of Congo
De Ridder, Maaike; de Haulleville, Thalès ULg; Kearsley, Elizabeth et al

Poster (2014, April 28)

It is commonly acknowledged that allometric equations for aboveground biomass and carbon stock estimates are improved significantly if density is included as a variable. However, not much attention is ... [more ▼]

It is commonly acknowledged that allometric equations for aboveground biomass and carbon stock estimates are improved significantly if density is included as a variable. However, not much attention is given to this variable in terms of exact, measured values and density profiles from pith to bark. Most published case-studies obtain density values from literature sources or databases, this way using large ranges of density values and possible causing significant errors in carbon stock estimates. The use of one single fixed value for density is also not recommended if carbon stock increments are estimated. Therefore, our objective is to measure and analyze a large number of tree species occurring in two Biosphere Reserves (Luki and Yangambi). Nevertheless, the diversity of tree species in these tropical forests is too high to perform this kind of detailed analysis on all tree species (> 200/ha). Therefore, we focus on the most frequently encountered tree species with high abundance (trees/ha) and dominance (basal area/ha) for this study. Increment cores were scanned with a helical X-ray protocol to obtain density profiles from pith to bark. This way, we aim at dividing the tree species with a distinct type of density profile into separate groups. If, e.g., slopes in density values from pith to bark remain stable over larger samples of one tree species, this slope could also be used to correct for errors in carbon (increment) estimates, caused by density values from simplified density measurements or density values from literature. In summary, this is most likely the first study in the Congo Basin that focuses on density patterns in order to check their influence on carbon stocks and differences in carbon stocking based on species composition (density profiles ∼ temperament of tree species). [less ▲]

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See detailDensity-Dependent Reproductive Success In Tribolium Castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera : Tenebrionidae)
Assie, L. K.; Brostaux, Yves ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg

in Journal of Stored Products Research (2008), 44(3), 285-289

Two strains of Tribolium castaneum, one being susceptible to malathion (Asm) and the other malathion-specific resistant (PRm), were used to assess the effect of population density and its interaction with ... [more ▼]

Two strains of Tribolium castaneum, one being susceptible to malathion (Asm) and the other malathion-specific resistant (PRm), were used to assess the effect of population density and its interaction with genetic background in reproductive success. A highly significant allometric relationship between female body weight and fecundity (R2=0.413) and another between female body weight and larval survivorship (R2=0.561) were found. Data showed that population density exerted an indirect effect on the reproductive success. The body weight of the Asm female was not affected by variations in population density but the body weight of the PRm female increased with reduced population density. The genetic background (strain) and/or malathion-specific resistance greatly influenced reproductive success. Concerning the percentage survivorship of offspring of the two strains, there was an opposite trend with increased population density: in PRm, survivorship was lower at high density (76.64±13.75; mean±SD) and higher at low density (88.39±7.61), whereas in Asm, survivorship was higher at high density (53.39±15.57) and lower at low density (43.99±20.08). The PRm female laid more eggs than the Asm. Reproductive success was significantly higher in PRm than in Asm. In addition, the genetic background (the strain) and/or the pleiotropic effect of malathion-specific resistance had a significant effect on the fecundity of PRm because the differences in fecundity and reproductive success between Asm and PRm went beyond the body weight of the female and might be explained by their genetic background and/or the pleiotropic effect of malathion-specific resistance. [less ▲]

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See detailDensity-functional theory of polar insulators
Gonze, X.; Ghosez, Philippe ULg; Godby, R. W.

in Physical Review Letters (1997), 78(2), 294-297

We examine the density-functional theory of macroscopic insulators, obtained in the large-cluster limit or under periodic boundary conditions. For polar crystals, we find that the two procedures are not ... [more ▼]

We examine the density-functional theory of macroscopic insulators, obtained in the large-cluster limit or under periodic boundary conditions. For polar crystals, we find that the two procedures are not equivalent. In a large-cluster case, the exact exchange-correlation potential acquires a homogeneous ''electric field'' which is absent from the usual local approximations, and the Kohn-Sham electronic system becomes metallic. With periodic boundary conditions, such a field ist forbidden, and the polarization deduced from Kohn-Sham wave functions is incorrect even if the exact functional is used. [less ▲]

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See detailDensity-functional theory of the pressure distribution at metal surfaces
Heinrichs, J.; Magain, Pierre ULg

in Physica Status Solidi B. Basic Research (1982), 110

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See detailDENSITY-POLARIZATION FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF THE RESPONSE OF A PERIODIC INSULATING SOLID TO AN ELECTRIC-FIELD
GONZE, X.; Ghosez, Philippe ULg; GODBY, R. W.

in Physical Review Letters (1995), 74(20), 4035-4038

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See detailDental biomaterials
Mainjot, Amélie ULg

Scientific conference (2015, December 08)

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See detailDental ceramics: classification and indications
Mainjot, Amélie ULg

in Esthetics in Dentistry (2016)

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See detailDental extractions in patients treated with intravenous bisphosphonates and risk of osteonecrosis of jaws.
GAUDIN, Elise ULg; HERION, Francine ULg; ROMPEN, Eric ULg et al

Poster (2012, June)

Aim : Dental extraction remains contra-indicated in patients treated with intravenous (IV) bisphosphonates for oncology reasons because of the high risk of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw ... [more ▼]

Aim : Dental extraction remains contra-indicated in patients treated with intravenous (IV) bisphosphonates for oncology reasons because of the high risk of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ). The objective of the present abstract was to present a preventive tooth extraction protocol in patients treated with IV bisphosphonates based on the surgical removal of the alveolar process. The second objective was to identify potential risk factors to develop BRONJ. Material and Methods : 17 patients treated with IV bisphosphonate and needing at least a tooth extraction, were included. A standardized extraction protocol was followed, including alveolectomy of at least 50% of the alveolar process, pre and post-operative antibiotherapy was administrated. The patients were followed for a mean period of 29 months (min:3 -max:62). Results : In all, 17 patients and 22 extraction sites mandible (15), maxilla (7) were involved in the study. No signs of inflamed tissue or necrotic exposed bone in any patient were observed during the follow-up period and the level of comfort for the patient was improved in all cases. Nevertheless, when a careful screening of the healing area was made using a probe, in 4 out of 22 (18,2%) sites, a remaining bone contact was found and appeared to be related location (mandible), duration of biphosphonate treatment and to concomitant. Conclusion : The present cases series suggests that the described extraction protocol in IV biphosphonate patients allowed 100% bone healing and complete soft tissues healing in 81.8% of the extraction sites.The sites that have not fully recovered seemed to be related to different factors. [less ▲]

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See detailDental occlusion influences knee muscular performances in asymptomatic females.
GROSDENT, Stéphanie ULg; O'Thanh, Roseline; Domken, Olivier et al

in Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association (2014), 28(2), 492498

Some authors claim that occlusal appliances can enhance athletic performance. Therefore this study investigated the influence of dental occlusion on knee muscle strength performance. Twelve healthy female ... [more ▼]

Some authors claim that occlusal appliances can enhance athletic performance. Therefore this study investigated the influence of dental occlusion on knee muscle strength performance. Twelve healthy female subjects (mean age 24.1 +/- 3.1 years) without temporomandibular joint dysfunction participated in this study. Isokinetic quadriceps and hamstring strength were assessed in relation to three randomized jaw conditions: mouth closed in maximum intercuspidation without splint, mouth closed on a balanced splint which optimized contact over the dental arch, mouth closed on a piece of resin of 1 mm which created an imbalanced occlusion. Tests were performed at 60 degrees /s and 240 degrees /s in concentric and 30 degrees /s in eccentric exertions. Concentric performances did not show any significant difference between the 3 jaw conditions (p > 0.05). By contrast, in the eccentric trials related to quadriceps performance, significant differences (p < 0.05) were observed between the resin condition and the two other modalities (without splint or with a balanced splint). The imbalanced occlusion created by the resin component corresponded to an average decrease of 9% in eccentric peak torque. The eccentric hamstring peak torques also showed a significant difference (p < 0.05) between measurements with splint and with resin (7% decrease when occlusion was imbalanced). In conclusion, among asymptomatic females, artificial imbalanced occlusion induces immediate and significant alteration of knee eccentric muscle performances. Therefore, occlusion examination should be undertaken on a regular and frequent basis for high-level athletes. Moreover, for athletes using mouthguards, muscular performance assessments should be planned with and without the dental protection. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Denticulate Mousterian as a supposedly distinct facies in Western Central Asia
Kolobova, K; Krivoshapkin, A; Pavlenok, K et al

in Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia (2012), 40(1),

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See detailDentin Matrix Protein 1 induces membrane expression of VE-cadherin on endothelial cells and inhibits VEGF-induced angiogenesis by blocking VEGFR-2 phosphorylation.
Pirotte, Sophie ULg; Lamour, Virginie ULg; Lambert, Vincent ULg et al

in Blood (2011), 117(8), 2515-26

Dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1) is a member of the Small Integrin-Binding LIgand N-linked Glycoproteins (SIBLINGs) family, a group of proteins initially described as mineralized extracellular matrices ... [more ▼]

Dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1) is a member of the Small Integrin-Binding LIgand N-linked Glycoproteins (SIBLINGs) family, a group of proteins initially described as mineralized extracellular matrices components. More recently, SIBLINGs have been implicated in several key steps of cancer progression, including angiogenesis. Although pro-angiogenic activities have been demonstrated for two SIBLINGs, the role of DMP1 in angiogenesis has not been addressed yet. We demonstrated that this extracellular matrix protein induced the expression of VE-cadherin, a key regulator of intercellular junctions and contact inhibition of growth of endothelial cells that is also known to modulate VEGFR-2 activity, the major high affinity receptor for VEGF. DMP1 induced VE-cadherin and p27(Kip1) expression followed by cell cycle arrest in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) in a CD44-dependent manner. VEGF-induced proliferation, migration and tubulogenesis responses were specifically blocked upon DMP1 pre-treatment of HUVEC. Indeed, subsequently to VE-cadherin induction, DMP1 inhibited VEGFR-2 phosphorylation and Src-mediated signaling. However, DMP1 did not interfere with bFGF-induced angiogenesis. In vivo, DMP1 significantly reduced laser-induced choroidal neovascularization lesions and tumor-associated angiogenesis. These data enable us to put DMP1 on the angiogenic chessboard for the first time and to identify this protein as a new specific inhibitor of VEGF-induced angiogenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailDentin matrix protein 1 is expressed in human lung cancer
Chaplet, Michael; de Leval, Laurence ULg; Waltregny, David ULg et al

in Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (2003), 18(8), 1506-1512

We have previously shown that breast and prostate cancers express bone matrix proteins. DMPI expression was evaluated in 59 human lung cancer samples at the protein and mRNA levels. It was detectable in ... [more ▼]

We have previously shown that breast and prostate cancers express bone matrix proteins. DMPI expression was evaluated in 59 human lung cancer samples at the protein and mRNA levels. It was detectable in 80% of the cases, suggesting a potential role for DMP1 in tumor progression and bone metastasis. Introduction: Previously, we and others have shown that bone extracellular matrix proteins such as bone sialoprotein (BSP) and osteopontin (OPN) are expressed in various types of cancer that are characterized by a high affinity for bone including breast, prostate, and lung adenocarcinoma. Based on biochemical and genetic features, BSP, OPN, dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1), and dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) have been recently classified in a unique family named SIBLING (small integrin-binding ligand, N-linked glycoprotein). Therefore, we investigated whether DMPI could also be detected in osteotropic cancers. Materials and Methods: We first used a cancer array for evaluating the relative abundance of DMP1 transcript in a broad spectrum of human cancer tissues. This screening showed that DMP1 was strongly detectable in lung tumors compared with normal corresponding tissue. In a second step, we used an immunophosphatase technique and a specific polyclonal antibody directed against DMPI to examine the expression of DMP1 in 59 human non-small cell lung cancer samples, including 29 squamous carcinoma, 20 adenocarcinoma, and 10 bronchioloalveolar carcinoma. Student's t-test was used to determine the statistical significance of immunostaining scores between the lung cancer histological groups studied and between cancer and normal lung tissues. Results: Our results show that DMP1 is detectable in 90% of the adenocarcinoma and squamous carcinoma analyzed while 8 of 10 bronchioloalveolar specimens were negative. DMP1 immunostaining intensity and extent scores were significantly higher in adenocarcinoma (p = 0.0004) and squamous carcinoma (p < 0.0001) samples compared with adjacent normal lung tissue. In situ hybridization experiments confirmed that DMP1 mRNA is localized in lung cancer cells. Conclusion: In this study, we show that a third SIBLING protein is ectopically expressed in lung cancer. The role of DMPI in lung cancer is largely unknown. Further studies are required to determine the implication of this protein, next to its sisters SIBLING proteins, in tumor progression and bone metastasis development. [less ▲]

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See detailDentin sialophosphoprotein expression correlates with progression markers in human prostate cancer
Chaplet, Michael; Waltregny, David ULg; Detry, Cédric et al

Conference (2005)

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See detailDentin sialophosphoprotein expression correlates with progression markers in human prostate cancer
Chaplet, Michael; Waltregny, David ULg; Detry, Cédric ULg et al

in Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (2005), 20(Suppl. 2), 45

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See detailDentinal tubules sealing by means of diode lasers (810 and 980 nm): A preliminary in vitro study
Umana, M.; Heysselaer, D.; Compère, Philippe ULg et al

in Photomedicine and Laser Surgery (2013), 31(7), 307-314

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect on dentinal surfaces of diode lasers (810 and 980 nm) at different parameters. Materials and methods: Twenty-four caries-free human impacted ... [more ▼]

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect on dentinal surfaces of diode lasers (810 and 980 nm) at different parameters. Materials and methods: Twenty-four caries-free human impacted wisdom teeth were used. The crowns were sectioned transversely in order to expose the dentin. The smear layer was removed by a 1 min application of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). Each surface was divided into four quadrants irradiated at a different output power setting for each kind of laser: 0.8, 1, 1.6, and 2 W (energy densities: 2547, 3184, 5092, and 6366 J/cm2, irradiation speed 1 mm/sec; optical fiber diameter: 200 μm; continuous and noncontact mode). Half of the samples were stained with a graphite paste. All specimens were sent for scanning electron microscopic (SEM) analysis. Pulp temperature increases in additional 20 teeth were measured by a thermocouple. Results: Diode laser irradiations at 0.8 and 1 W led to occlusion or narrowing of dentin tubules without provoking fissures or cracks. The application of graphite paste increased the thermal effects in dentin. Measurements of pulp temperature showed that irradiations at 0.8 and 1 W for a period of 10 sec in continuous mode increased pulp temperature (T ≤2 C). Conclusions: Diode lasers (810 and 980 nm) used at 0.8 and 1 W for 10 sec in continuous mode were able to seal the dentin tubules. These parameters can be considered harmless for pulp vitality, and may be effective in the treatment of dentinal hypersensitivity. © Copyright 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2013. [less ▲]

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See detailDentisterie minimallement invasive
MAINJOT, Amélie ULg

Scientific conference (2014, May 22)

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See detailLa dentisterie numérique : Action
LAMBERT, France ULg

Scientific conference (2016, May)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)