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See detailDo good and poor readers make use of morphemic structure in English word recognition?
Duncan, Lynne; Grey, Elaine; Quemart, Pauline ULg et al

in Journal of Portuguese Linguistics (2010), 9/10

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See detailDo Higher Education syllabi and oral course introduction affect student’s motivation to study ? Measuring the impact of syllabi from specifically trained Faculties on students’ perceptions of controllability, course value and competency
Leduc, Laurent ULg

Conference (2009, August)

As defined by Altman and Cashin (1992), “the primary purpose of a syllabus is to communicate to one’s students what the course is about, why the course is taught, where it is going, and what will be ... [more ▼]

As defined by Altman and Cashin (1992), “the primary purpose of a syllabus is to communicate to one’s students what the course is about, why the course is taught, where it is going, and what will be required of the students for them to complete the course with a passing grade”. According to several authors, one of the functions of the syllabus is to motivate students: it “conveys enthusiasm for the subject and sparks student interest and motivation” (Hammons & Shock, 1994), “warm syllabi explain expectations in a clear and friendly fashion, encourage and motivate students” (Slattery & Carlson, 2005), “the course syllabus should generate interest and motivate students to take responsability to learn the contents of the course” (Johnson, 2006), “we studied teachers who have enormous success in helping and encouraging their students to achieve remarkable learning and found they usually produce a certain kind of syllabus” (Bain, 2004). Some researchers (Thompson, 2007) have also pointed out different oral strategies used by teachers when presenting their courses for the first time to students in order to positively affect them on this aspect. But the question is: can this very early written / oral transmission of information really impact students’motivation for learning in some courses? In the University of Liège, professors have to submit every year for each of their courses a one page (at least) standardized syllabus (called engagement pédagogique). In addition, they usually start their first lesson with introductory speeches that plays the same role. In 2008, IFRES (Institute for Training and Research in Higher Education) has delivered pedagogical training and guidelines to new faculties in order to promote these two kinds of motivating communications especially with their freshmen and sophomores audiences. As the person in charge with that training, I focused on Viau’s model of motivation dynamics (1997). The specific suggestions I gave consisted in taking into account various kinds of students’ perceptions (1) of competency (“a perception that a student has about him(her)self and through which he/she assesses his/her ability to suitably accomplish an activity that he/she is not sure to carry off”), (2) of controlability (“the perception of the control that a student has on the course of an activity and on its consequences”) and (3) of activities value (“the opinion that a student expresses on the interest and the usefulness of a pedagocical activiy according to the goals he/she pursues”) in one’s written and oral communication with students about pedagogical and practical aspects of a course. At the beginning of the academic year following the delivery of those guidelines and training sessions, the wording of syllabi and oral speeches produced by 10 of those new faculties was analysed from their motivational potential’s point of view. In the same time, questionnaires were submitted to the 1400 students of their 12 introductory courses, in order to investigate the corollary impact of those information transmissions on learners’ motivational dynamics. Before and after their reception of the oral and written messages from their respective teachers, student’s levels of perception concerning the value of the course, concerning their own competency to succeed in it and concerning their controlability, have been compared in order to measure hypothetical gains due to syllabi and face-to-face course introduction. We have studied relations between students who have actualy read / not read syllabi, or who have actually listened / not listened to oral presentation of the course, and their level of perception of Viau’s three motivational factors. Other relations between variables like students’ perceptions of their own teacher (resulting from the content and tone of his/her messages) or the presence / absence of a rationale for some particular items of information have also been studied. [less ▲]

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See detailDo Identities Matter More than Party Interests in Ethno-Territorial Politics? Conceptual and Empirical Insights from Multilevel and Deeply Divided Belgium
Reuchamps, Min ULg; Dodeigne, Jérémy ULg; Sinardet, Dave

Conference (2012, April)

In territorial politics, identities are a chief variable of the political life. By definition, the ethno-linguistic identities play(ed) an important role in the political dynamics of several highly ... [more ▼]

In territorial politics, identities are a chief variable of the political life. By definition, the ethno-linguistic identities play(ed) an important role in the political dynamics of several highly divided societies. In most cases, the institutional design is in fact adapted or has been adapted to the ethno-linguistic divisions of the country. According to quite a few scholars, it is especially true for political elites who are not only shaped by this variable but also use this variable to legitimate their attitudes and actions. Therefore political elites of each ethno-linguistic group appeared to behave as monolithic blocks, standing against each other along ethno-linguistic lines. Nonetheless, this view neglects the role of party interests in explaining the behaviors of political elites. An important question for ethno-territorial politics should be raised: do identities matter more that party interests? The current reform of the – multilevel and deeply-divided – Belgian state provides a fertile ground to test this hypothesis. To what extent, party interests can account for political elites’ position in the debate about the 6th Belgian constitutional reform? To explore these questions, we surveyed every representative of Belgium’s seven legislative assemblies with a standardized questionnaire (Summer 2011). This research will help us apprehend the rationale behind political elites’ attitudes – be it identities, party interests or a mix of them – negotiating the new boundaries of the state and above all shed light on territorial politics in Europe. So doing, this paper aims at contributing to the debate that explores the possibility of a unified analytical approach bridging ethno-territorial politics and party politics. [less ▲]

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See detailDo Identities Matter More than Party Interests in Territorial Politics? Insights from Belgium
Reuchamps, Min ULg; Dave, Sinardet; Dodeigne, Jérémy ULg

Conference (2012, June)

In territorial politics, identities are a chief variable of the political life. By definition, the ethno-linguistic identities play(ed) an important role in the federal dynamics of several highly divided ... [more ▼]

In territorial politics, identities are a chief variable of the political life. By definition, the ethno-linguistic identities play(ed) an important role in the federal dynamics of several highly divided societies. In most cases, the institutional design is in fact adapted or has been adapted to the ethno-linguistic divisions of the country. According to quite a few scholars, it is especially true for political elites who are not only shaped by this variable but also use this variable to legitimate their attitudes and actions. Therefore political elites of each ethno-linguistic group appeared to behave as monolithic blocks, standing against each other along ethno-linguistic lines. Nonetheless, this view neglects the role of party interests in explaining the behaviors of political elites. An important question for territorial politics can be raised: do identities matter more that party interests? The current reform of the Belgian state provides a fertile ground to test this hypothesis. To what extent, party interests can account for political elites’ position in the debate about the 6th Belgian constitutional reform? To explore these questions, we surveyed every representative of Belgium’s seven legislative assemblies with a standardized questionnaire (Summer 2011). This research will help us apprehend the rationale behind political elites’ attitudes – be it identities, party interests or a mix of them – negotiating the new boundaries of the state and above all shed light on territorial politics in Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailDo Informal Initiatives in the South Share a Capitalist Logic or Are They the Seeds of a Solidarity Economy? The Case of Santiago de Chile
Bauwens, Thomas ULg; Lemaître, Andreia

in UNRISD Think Piece Series on Social and Solidarity Economy (2013)

The problem of informality represents one of the major challenges in the fight against poverty. To address this issue, the traditional response has often been to apply Western entrepreneurial rationality ... [more ▼]

The problem of informality represents one of the major challenges in the fight against poverty. To address this issue, the traditional response has often been to apply Western entrepreneurial rationality to informal actors and consider small informal productive units as pre-capitalist firms whose growth potential can be realized, it is supposed, by providing them with adequate tools such as credit or training. But do informal initiatives really share the capitalist spirit of entrepreneurship or do they develop other rationales, such as the ones which spread in a "solidarity economy"? [less ▲]

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See detail. Do innervation of germinal centre and contacts between FDC and nerve fibers be keys to understand the susceptibility difference between bovines and humans to the BSE agent?
Defaweux, Valérie ULg; Dorban, G.; Antoine, Nadine ULg et al

Poster (2008, October)

Background: In regard to BSE and vCJD, the agent tropism for lymphoid tissues is completely different even if the infectious strain responsible and the way of inoculation are identical. During vCJD, the ... [more ▼]

Background: In regard to BSE and vCJD, the agent tropism for lymphoid tissues is completely different even if the infectious strain responsible and the way of inoculation are identical. During vCJD, the infectious agent crosses the digestive barrier and multiplies in lymphoid organs, before progressively reaching the brain. Indeed, in vCJD, it accumulates in the ileum, tonsils, spleen and appendix of infected individuals. In contrast, in cattle, the BSE agent has a low affinity for lymphoid tissues and mainly accumulates in the nervous system. During preclinical stages, infectivity, other than that in the peripheral nervous system or central nervous system, is confined in the distal ileum of orally infected cattle. So, it appears that, at least in the case of BSE and vCJD, host properties can influence the accumulation of the infectious agent in lymphoid organs. Objectives and methods: In this study, we analysed by confocale microscopy the mucosal innervation and the interface between nerve fibres and FDC in bovine and human tonsils using a panel of antibodies. Since differences in the innervation of lymphoid organs depending on species and on age have been reported, we analysed two categories of bovines (calves less than 12 months old and bovines older than 24 months) and two categories of humans (patients less than 5 years old and patients older than 25 years). Results: In both species, ways of innervation by-passing germinal centres could be postulated: nerve fibres are widely distributed in antigen/cell traffic area: the lamina propria, the interfollicular zone and the lymphoepithelial area. We pointed out that, only in tonsils of bovines older than 24 months, nerve fibres are observed to be in contact with FDC. In contrast, in human tonsils, no nerve fibres established contacts with FDC, whatever the age. Discussion: Innervation of germinal centres can be said to be an age-dependent dynamic process in bovines. The weak innervation of the secondary lymphoid organs could thus be a rate-limiting step to neuroinvasion in humans. This species difference could influence the way of neuroinvasion and thus, the susceptibility of bovines and humans to the BSE agent. [less ▲]

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See detailDo it like Andhra Pradesh
Maiorano, Diego ULg

Article for general public (2014)

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See detailDo large companies ignore formal sustainability management controls? An exploration amongst corporate practices
Crutzen, Nathalie ULg; Schaltegger, Stefan

in EMAN (Ed.) Proceedings of the 2014 EMAN conference (2014, March)

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See detailDo large scale restoration projects reduce within-species traits variability?
Harzé, Mélanie ULg; Monty, Arnaud ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg

Conference (2015, May 23)

Dry calcareous grasslands represent local biodiversity hotspots of European temperate regions. They have suffered intensive fragmentations due to due to the abandonment of traditional agropastoral systems ... [more ▼]

Dry calcareous grasslands represent local biodiversity hotspots of European temperate regions. They have suffered intensive fragmentations due to due to the abandonment of traditional agropastoral systems and the resulting encroachment, reforestation, urbanization or transformation into arable lands. In order to preserve and enhance their ecological value, a series of ecological restoration projects have been implemented throughout Europe (LIFE+). As habitats restoration costs can be prohibitive, actions should demonstrate their success. In the face of environmental changes, restored populations should possess attributes necessary for adaptive evolutionary changes allowing them to persist over the long term. Intra-population functional variability expresses the range of possible trait values of a species living in a heterogeneous environment. It results notably from genetic diversity and phenotypic plasticity and enables species survival, growth and reproduction under various environmental conditions. In Belgium, three European LIFE projects have taken place between 2000 and 2009, restoring more than 400 hectares of calcareous grasslands. Restorations have mainly been evaluated in terms of plant species diversity and community composition. Though it is expected to be of crucial importance for species evolutionary potential, the restoration of the entire range of environmental heterogeneity and the resulting intra-population functional variability of restored population have so far not been assessed. We compared the intra-population variability of functional traits (specific leaf area (SLA) and maximum vegetative height) of 10 restored and 10 reference populations of Potentilla neumanniana (30 individuals per populations). We characterized abiotic and biotic conditions by measuring soil depth, sun exposure, bare ground cover and mean vegetation height around each sampled individual. Our main results showed that the range of within-species functional variability was restored in our study area. We will conclude with implications for the evolutionary potential of restored populations and for future ecological restoration projects. [less ▲]

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See detailDo leaching experiments affect the Sm-Nd signature of deep-sea sediments? The example of the northern North Atlantic
Innocent, Christophe; Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Stevenson, Ross

in Canadian Journal of Soil Science (1999), 79

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (5 ULg)
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See detailDo local Authorities Face the Dutch Way of Consuming the Ardennes ?
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Cawley, Mary (Ed.) The sustainability of Rural Systems : Local and Global Challenges and Opportunities (2011, August)

One theoretical recommendation to develop sustainable rural tourism is to base its development on the local resources. This should embed the tourist activity to the local society, avoid an easy ... [more ▼]

One theoretical recommendation to develop sustainable rural tourism is to base its development on the local resources. This should embed the tourist activity to the local society, avoid an easy delocalisation, and help to brand the destination. The Belgian Ardennes is a close recreation spot to Dutch people. The paper examines the local resources that attract Dutch tourists and the way how regional and local authorities deal with this tourist development. Based on key actors’ interviews and on in depth analysis of the promotional material produced both by authorities and commercial companies, the paper underlines seven ways to sell and to consume the Ardennes. Due to the lack of entrepreneurship by locals and because the Dutch tourism enterprises know better the Dutch tourists, these enterprises hold a large share of the tourist activities in the Ardennes. These Dutch investments change the destination as well as the local identity. While at the beginning, the Dutch companies developed a tourism based on nature and rural landscape, they diversified their activities up to offland tourism and the “disneyfication” of the places. If this Belgian case study follows more or less the well known “life cycle tourist destination”, the originality of the paper is to stress the difficulties and the opportunities of authorities to regulate tourism development and to maintain the quality of local resources. [less ▲]

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See detailDo males and females gammarids defend themselves differently during chemical stress ?
Gismondi, Eric ULg; Cossu-Leguille, Carole; Beisel, Jean-Nicolas

in Aquatic Toxicology (2013), 140-141

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See detailDo monitoring and counselling boost the job finding rates of the long-term unemployed ?
Fonder, Muriel; Lejeune, Bernard ULg

Conference (2008, June 13)

In July 2004, the Belgian government launched a new monitoring and counselling program targeted at the long-term unemployed. In this new program, people over 13 months unemployment are warned that their ... [more ▼]

In July 2004, the Belgian government launched a new monitoring and counselling program targeted at the long-term unemployed. In this new program, people over 13 months unemployment are warned that their job-search efforts will be monitored 8 months later. At the same time, they are invited to participate actively in the support (job search, training) programs provided for by the Regional Employment Agencies, whose supply was expanded. This reform has been implemented gradually : it focused the unemployed under 30 years in 2004, then the 30-40 year-old unemployed in 2005, and finally the 40-50 year-old unemployed in 2006. This paper aims at evaluate the effect, in terms of transition from unemployment to employment and/or training, of this new program for the 30-40 years old in Wallonia. Using the fact that the reform was implemented gradually, the effect of the program is estimated by difference-in-differences, based on (single exit and two exits) discrete duration models. The results suggest that the program has had a very large relative effect, although limited in absolute terms, regarding transition to training for almost all the treated unemployed. They also show that the program has had a substantial relative effect, although limited in absolute terms as well, with regard to transition to employment for the majority of the treated unemployed. [less ▲]

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See detailDo Mutual Fund Investors Still Trust Standard Risk-Adjusted Performance Measures?
Bodson, Laurent ULg; Cave, Arnaud; Sougné, Danielle ULg

E-print/Working paper (2012)

We study the relationship between the risk-adjusted performance of mutual funds and their money flows (i.e. their subscriptions and redemptions). Testing the most traditional risk-adjusted performance ... [more ▼]

We study the relationship between the risk-adjusted performance of mutual funds and their money flows (i.e. their subscriptions and redemptions). Testing the most traditional risk-adjusted performance measures, we identify the ones which best explain the flows of equity, bond or mixed funds. The risk-adjusted performance measures which attract the most the attention from investors are the Information ratios (mono- and multi-factor), the M-squared and the Sharpe ratios (traditional Sharpe ratios and Sharpe MVaR). We may conclude that fund managers who want to maximize their AuM (and, if applicable, increase their AuM based fees) must mainly focus their efforts on improving these standard performance measures. Furthermore, we also demonstrate that the performance-flow relationship is concave then convex. Indeed, amongst the funds with a negative performance, those achieving the worst results are affected by disproportionately high net outflows whereas, on the opposite side of the spectrum, the most successful funds experience much higher capital inflows. [less ▲]

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See detailDo Mutual Fund Investors Still Trust Standard Risk-Adjusted Performance Measures?
Sougné, Danielle ULg; Bodson, Laurent ULg; Cave, Arnaud

E-print/Working paper (2012)

We study the relationship between the past performance of mutual funds and their capital flows (i.e. their subscriptions and redemptions). Testing the most traditional risk-adjusted performance measures ... [more ▼]

We study the relationship between the past performance of mutual funds and their capital flows (i.e. their subscriptions and redemptions). Testing the most traditional risk-adjusted performance measures, we identify the ones which best explain the flows of US equity mutual funds. [less ▲]

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See detailDo Mutual Fund Investors Still Trust Standard Risk-Adjusted Performance Measures?
Sougné, Danielle ULg; Bodson, Laurent ULg; Cave, Arnaud

Conference (2012, August)

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See detailDo new methods of investigation allow faster assessment of drugs efficacy in osteoarthritis?
Abadie, Eric ULg; Avouac, B.; Bouvenot, G. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2003, November), 14(Suppl. 7), 2

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (2 ULg)