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See detailThe effects of ammonium sulphate deposition and root sinks on soil solution chemistry in coniferous forest soils
Carnol, Monique ULg; Ineson, Phil; Anderson, J. M. et al

in Biogeochemistry (1997), 38

The effects of enhanced (NH4)(2)SO4 deposition on soil solution cation and anion concentrations and annual ionic fluxes were followed using a standardised experimental protocol in six European coniferous ... [more ▼]

The effects of enhanced (NH4)(2)SO4 deposition on soil solution cation and anion concentrations and annual ionic fluxes were followed using a standardised experimental protocol in six European coniferous forests with contrasting soil types, pollution inputs and climate. Native soil cores containing a ceramic suction cup were installed in the field, roofed and watered every two weeks with local throughfall or local throughfall with added (NH4)(2)SO4 at 75 kg NH4+-N ha(-1) a(-1). Living root systems were established in half of the lysimeters. Untreated throughfall NH4+-N deposition at the sites ranged from 3.7 to 29 kg ha(-1) a(-1). Soil leachates were collected at two weekly intervals over 12 months and analysed for volume, and concentrations of major anions and cations. Increases in soil solution NO3- concentrations in response to N additions were observed after 4-9 months at three sites, whilst one sandy soil with high C:N ratio failed to nitrify under any of the treatments. Changes in NO3- concentrations in soil solution controlled soil solution cation concentrations in the five nitrifying soils, with Al3+ being the dominant cation in the more acid soils with low base saturation. The acidification responses of the soils to the (NH4)(2)SO4 additions were primarily related to the ability of the soils to nitrify the added NH4+. pH and soil texture seemed important in controlling NH4+ leaching in response to the treatments, with two less acidic, clay/clay loam sites showing almost total retention of added NH4+, whilst nearly 75% of the added N was leached as NH4+ at the acid sandy soils. The presence of living roots significantly reduced soil solution NO3- and associated cation concentrations at two of the six sites. The very different responses of the six soils to increased (NH4)(2)SO4 deposition emphasise that the establishment of N critical loads for forest soils need to allow for differences in N storage. capacity and nitrification potential. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects Of An Anabolic Treatment Before Puberty With Trenbolone Acetate-Oestradiol Or Estradiol Alone On Growth-Rate, Testicular Development And Luteinizing-Hormone And Testosterone Plasma-Concentrations
Renaville, Robert ULg; Burny, Arsène; Sneyers, Myriam et al

in Theriogenology (1988), 29(2), 461-476

Scrotal circumference, growth and hormonal status after prepubertal anabolic treatments were studied in 18 conventional Belgian White Blue bulls from 3 to 13 mo of age. Young bulls were assigned into ... [more ▼]

Scrotal circumference, growth and hormonal status after prepubertal anabolic treatments were studied in 18 conventional Belgian White Blue bulls from 3 to 13 mo of age. Young bulls were assigned into three groups: six untreated (control) bulls, six bulls implanted with 140 mg trenbolone acetate + 20 mg oestradiol (Revalor; TBA-E2) and six bulls treated with 45 mg oestradiol (Compudose; E2). Mean scrotal circumference was similar in the three groups at Day O (between 13.0 ± 0.3 cm to 13.4 ± 0.7 cm). From Days O to 230, scrotal circumference was strongly inhibited in implanted bulls, 23.2 ± 1.4, 21.7 ± 1.0 cm, respectively, for TBA-E2 and E2 at Day 210, as compared with 29.5 ± 2.2 cm in control bulls (P < 0.001). Afterwards, differences lessened gradually and no significant divergence was observed between the three groups from Day 310. Average plasma luteinizing hormone (LH) concentrations were similar in the three groups throughout the assay. Mean testosterone levels remained extremely low upto Day 150 in TBA-E2 and E2 groups (0.6 ± 0.6, 1.2 ± 0.7 ng/ml, respectively) before they increased abruptly and reached values observed in control bulls at Day 180 (4.0 ± 1.9 ng/ml). The pulsatil character of LH and testosterone profiles was abolished by the anabolic treatments. Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) injection was followed by an immediate and sharp increase in plasma LH concentrations in all groups at Day 0. Anabolic treatments strongly reduced LH and testosterone responses to LHRH in treated groups. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of an enriched environment on fear reactions in sheep.
Bouissou, M. F.; Vandenheede, Marc ULg

Conference (1995)

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See detailEffects of an enriched environment on subsequent fear reactions of lambs and ewes.
Vandenheede, Marc ULg; Bouissou, Marie-France

in Developmental Psychobiology (1998), 33(1), 33-45

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See detailEffects of an enriched environment on subsequent fear reactions of lambs and their mothers.
Vandenheede, Marc ULg; Bouissou, Marie-France

in Applied Animal Behaviour Science (1995), 44

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See detailEffects of an experimental Trypanosoma congolense infection on the reproductive performance of West African Dwarf goats.
Faye, Dethie; Sulon, Joseph ULg; Kane, Yaghouba et al

in Theriogenology (2004), 62(8), 1438-51

Thirty-six West African Dwarf (WAD) goats were used to assess the effects of an experimental Trypanosoma congolense infection on their reproductive system. Estrous cycles were synchronised and when ... [more ▼]

Thirty-six West African Dwarf (WAD) goats were used to assess the effects of an experimental Trypanosoma congolense infection on their reproductive system. Estrous cycles were synchronised and when confirmed pregnant (n = 31), the does were randomly allocated into control and trypanosome-infected groups. After infection, the animals were carefully observed till parturition. Trypanosome infection caused an increase of rectal temperature, a significant drop in PCV (infected: 23.3 +/- 0.3%; control: 28.5 +/- 0.4%; P < 0.0001) and abortions in 27.8% of the infected does. Kids born from infected does had a lower birth weight than kids born from control goats (0.9 +/- 0.1 kg versus 1.6 +/- 0.1 kg; P < 0.0001). Eight out of 13 kids (61.5%) that were born alive from infected does died during their first week of life. Plasma pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) and progesterone concentrations were lower in the infected animals than in the controls. In general, PAG concentration in does which aborted dropped before abortion. Our results revealed that artificial T. congolense infection affected reproductive performance of WAD goats with abortions, premature births and perinatal losses being observed. Neither transplacental transmission of T. congolense nor histopathological lesions of the placenta could be demonstrated. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of an intensive communications strategies on postmenopausal osteoporosis awareness in women
Tellier, V; Ben Sedrine, Wafa ULg; Gosset, Christiane ULg et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (1999), 42(S1), 356

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See detailEffects of an observation training program on feedback. Study of several cases
Cloes, Marc ULg; Hilbert, Jean-Marie; Piéron, Maurice

in Paré, Claude (Ed.) Better teaching in physical education? Think about it! (1995, May)

As frequently pointed out, information given to learners about their performance favourably influences their achievement. This was confirmed in the motor learning area and was also found in several ... [more ▼]

As frequently pointed out, information given to learners about their performance favourably influences their achievement. This was confirmed in the motor learning area and was also found in several studies dealing with teaching effectiveness. These studies have reinforced the significance of feedback for teachers eager to improve the performance of their pupils. ... [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of an original training program in healthy elderly subjects
Maquet, Didier ULg; BRONFORT, Stéphanie ULg; LECART, Marie-Paule ULg et al

in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases (2010, June), 69(Suppl 3), 313

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See detailEffects of androgenic and anti-androgenic substances on the freshwater gastropod Lymnaea stagnalis
Giusti, Arnaud ULg; Ducrot, Virginie; Joaquim-Justo, Célia ULg et al

Poster (2010, May 25)

Knowledge on the impacts of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) on gastropods is scarce and their mechanisms of action are still poorly understood. In this study, effects of 3 androgens (tributyltin ... [more ▼]

Knowledge on the impacts of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) on gastropods is scarce and their mechanisms of action are still poorly understood. In this study, effects of 3 androgens (tributyltin, testosterone and fenitrothion), 2 anti-androgens (cyproterone acetate and vinclozolin) and 1 estrogen (chlordecone) on growth and reproduction were investigated in the hermaphrodite gastropod Lymnaea stagnalis. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of androgens and oestrogens on the behaviour of chicks in an imprinting situation.
Balthazart, Jacques ULg; de Rycker, C.

in Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie (1979), 49(1), 55-64

The behavioural effects of testosterone propionate (TP), 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and oestradiol benzoate (OB) were investigated in day-old chicks during imprinting sessions to a duck model. TP ... [more ▼]

The behavioural effects of testosterone propionate (TP), 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and oestradiol benzoate (OB) were investigated in day-old chicks during imprinting sessions to a duck model. TP increased the duration of peeping while inhibiting the following reaction and the twitters. DHT had more or less the same effects while OB induces the reverse behavioural changes. The behavioural effects of hormone injections agree with behavioural sex differences observed in non-injected animals: males peep more than females which on the other hand produce more twitters. This could be related to sex differences in the hormonal status of the birds at hatching, as it is known that during incubation male chick embryos have higher plasma testosterone levels than females of corresponding ages. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effects of angry and happy expressions on recognition memory for unfamiliar faces in delusion-prone individuals
Laroi, Frank ULg; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Journal of Behavior Therapy & Experimental Psychiatry (2006), 37(4), 271-282

Numerous studies suggest a cognitive bias for threat-related material in delusional ideation. However, few studies have examined this bias using a memory task. We investigated the influence of delusion ... [more ▼]

Numerous studies suggest a cognitive bias for threat-related material in delusional ideation. However, few studies have examined this bias using a memory task. We investigated the influence of delusion-proneness on identity and expression memory for angry and happy faces. Participants high and low in delusion-proneness were presented with happy and angry faces and were later asked to recognise the same faces displaying a neutral expression. They also had to remember what the initial expressions of the faces had been. Remember/know/guess judgments were asked for both identity and expression memory. Results showed that delusion-prone participants better recognised the identity of angry faces compared to non-delusional participants. Also, this difference between the two groups was mainly due to a greater number of remember responses in delusion-prone participants. These findings extend previous studies by showing that delusions are associated with a memory bias for threat-related stimuli. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of antimitotic agents either free or bound to DNA on mouse peritoneal macrophages cultivated in vitro.
Heinen, Ernst ULg

in Virchows Archiv. B : Cell pathology (1978), 27(1), 79-87

Mouse peritoneal macrophages were cultivated in vitro and treated with ethidium bromide (EB) or with cis-dichloro-diammine platinum (II) (cis-Pt). EB provokes strong cytological alterations and cell ... [more ▼]

Mouse peritoneal macrophages were cultivated in vitro and treated with ethidium bromide (EB) or with cis-dichloro-diammine platinum (II) (cis-Pt). EB provokes strong cytological alterations and cell degeneration; cis-Pt was not toxic under our experimental contitions. EB-DNA complex penetrates into the macrophages, is liberated from DNA in vacuoles, then diffuses into the cell and is highly cytotoxic. Cis-Pt-DNA complex also penetrates into the cells, but cis-Pt cannot be released from DNA, cis-Pt-DNA complex accumulates inside cytoplasmic vacuoles but has no cytotoxic activity. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of antioxidants on interleukin-1β, nitric oxide and prostaglandin E2 production by human chondrocytes
Mathy-Hartert, M; Ayache, N; Boumediene, K et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2000), 8

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See detailEffects of Apomorphine on Sexual Behavior in Male Quail
Absil, Philippe ULg; Das, S.; Balthazart, Jacques ULg

in Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior (1994), 47(1), 77-88

In the rat, dopamine (DA) facilitates male copulatory behavior. Indirect evidence based largely on neuroanatomical data suggest that in quail DA is also implicated in the control of male reproductive ... [more ▼]

In the rat, dopamine (DA) facilitates male copulatory behavior. Indirect evidence based largely on neuroanatomical data suggest that in quail DA is also implicated in the control of male reproductive behavior but there is no pharmacological evidence to support this conclusion. To test this idea, castrated testosterone (T)-treated male quail were injected with various doses of the dopaminergic agonist apomorphine (APO) in the range 1-10,000 micrograms/kg. The sexual behavior of birds was recorded starting 15 min after APO injection for a duration of 30 min. A dose-dependent inhibition of male reproductive behavior that lasted for the entire duration of the test was observed. In a second experiment, gonadectomized T-treated male Japanese quail were injected daily with APO (0, 10, or 1,000 micrograms/kg) during 8 days. Their sexual interactions with a partner were quantified either 24 h or 15 min after the last injection. No influence of the treatment on copulatory behavior was observed 24 h after the last injection, but a strong inhibition was present when the test was performed 15 min after. To research whether the inhibitory effects of APO were due to a preferential action on D2 presynaptic autoreceptors, male quail were pretreated with two different D2 antagonists (spiperone or pimozide; 0.5 or 2 mg/kg) before being injected with APO (100 micrograms or 1 mg/kg). Spiperone facilitated male sexual behavior but did not suppress the inhibitory effect of APO. No significant effect of pimozide was observed. These results support the notion that DA modulates male sexual activity in the Japanese quail. The specific role of the different dopaminergic receptor subtypes remains, however, to be elucidated. [less ▲]

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