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See detailEffects of Eisenia fetida on metal uptake of heavy metals from polluted soils by Vicia faba and Zea Mays
Lemtiri, Aboulkacem ULg; Liénard, Amandine ULg; Francis, Frédéric ULg et al

Poster (2014, February 26)

Earthworms are known to increase availability of heavy metals in soils and also play an important role in maintaining the structure and quality of soil. The introduction of earthworms into soils ... [more ▼]

Earthworms are known to increase availability of heavy metals in soils and also play an important role in maintaining the structure and quality of soil. The introduction of earthworms into soils contaminated with metals has been suggested as an aid for phytoremediation processes. In Belgium (Wallonia), a century of industrial metallurgic activities produced significant heavy metal soil pollution. A large q u a n t i t y o f s m e l t e r w a s t e c r e a t e d a g r a d i e n t o f zi n c, lead and cadmium c o n c e n t r a t i o n . The objectives of our study were to evaluate : (i) the potential toxicity of heavy metal elements on the epigeic earthworms Eisenia fetida and on two plants Zea mays and Vicia faba and (ii) to determine the effects of the earthworms on the growth and contaminants phytoextraction process. The combination of behavioural factor measurements (survival, growth, reproduction of earthworms), physico-chemical parameters such as metal absorption, bioaccumulation by earthworms, soil physico-chemical changes, and plant responses (root and shoot elongation, dried biomass,…) provided a valuable indication of pollutant bioavailability and ecotoxicity. After 56-days exposure, the results suggest that adult earthworms have a strong tolerance for heavy metals exposure, but the responses depend on metal elements. Earthworms modify the bioavailable heavy metals in root and shoot in the contaminated soils and their activities alter shoot and root biomass of V. faba and Z. mays. The presence of earthworms led to a change in physico-chemical caracteristics in contaminated soils. These results show that the ecological context for phytoremediation should be broadened by considering earthwom – plant – soil interactions as they influence both plant health and absorption of heavy metals. [less ▲]

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See detailEFFECTS OF ELECTROKINETIC CHARACTERISTICS ON THE FORMATION OF A PROTEIN MICROCRYSTALLINE CELLULOSE COMPLEX
Paquot, Michel ULg; GODIN, F.; Dumont de chassart, Q.

in Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft & -Technologie = Food Science & Technology (1994), 27(1), 11-15

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See detailEffects of electromagnetic waves on the electrical properties of contacts between grains
Dorbolo, Stéphane ULg; Merlen, A.; Creyssels, M. et al

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (2007), 79(5),

A DC electrical current is injected through a chain of metallic beads. The electrical resistance of each bead- bead contacts is measured. At low current, the distribution of these resistances is large and ... [more ▼]

A DC electrical current is injected through a chain of metallic beads. The electrical resistance of each bead- bead contacts is measured. At low current, the distribution of these resistances is large and log- normal. At high enough current, the resistance distribution becomes sharp and Gaussian due to the creation of microweldings between some beads. The action of nearby electromagnetic waves ( sparks) on the electrical conductivity of the chain is also studied. The spark effect is to lower the resistance values of the more resistive contacts, the best conductive ones remaining unaffected by the spark production. The spark is able to induce through the chain a current enough to create microweldings between some beads. This explains why the electrical resistance of a granular medium is so sensitive to the electromagnetic waves produced in its vicinity. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of embryo thermal conditioning on thermotolerance, parameters of meat quality and muscle energy metabolism in a heavy line of chicken
Bedrani, L.; Berri, C.; Grasteau, S. et al

Conference (2009)

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See detailThe effects of emotional salience, cognitive effort and meta-cognitive beliefs on a reality monitoring task in hallucination-prone subjects
Laroi, Frank ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Marczewski, P.

in British Journal of Clinical Psychology [=BJCP] (2004), 43

Objectives. A tendency to externalize internal information on reality monitoring tasks has been documented in psychiatric patients with hallucinations. Furthermore, previous studies suggest that factors ... [more ▼]

Objectives. A tendency to externalize internal information on reality monitoring tasks has been documented in psychiatric patients with hallucinations. Furthermore, previous studies suggest that factors such as the emotional salience of the material, cognitive effort and meta-cognitive beliefs are important contributory factors in this tendency to externalize internal information on reality monitoring tasks. However, few studies have investigated these aspects in hallucination-prone subjects. Also, these factors have never been examined simultaneously. In the following study we wished to examine the effects of emotional salience, cognitive effort and meta-cognitive beliefs on reality monitoring functioning in hallucination-prone subjects. Design. Between-participants group design. Method. One hundred normal subjects were administered a reality monitoring task. Words were presented by the experimenter. After each word, subjects were asked to say the first word that came to their mind. Words varied in terms of emotional valence and cognitive effort (high cognitive effort for words requiring longer latency times to associate a word and vice versa). Following a delay, words were presented consisting of those already presented by the experimenter or the subject (old) and those never presented before (new). For each word, subjects were required to identify whether the word was old or new. If the word was identified as old, subjects were required to identify the source of the word (subject or experimenter). Subjects also completed a questionnaire assessing meta-cognitive beliefs. Results. Subjects were grouped according to their scores on a revised and elaborated version of the Launay-Slade Hallucinations Scale (LSHS). Those with scores within the top 25% were included in the hallucination-prone group (HP) (N = 25), whereas scores within the lower 25% were included in the non-hallucination-prone group (NHP) (N = 25). Results showed that the HP subjects had significantly more source discrimination errors than NHP subjects for self-generated items. In other words, HP subjects tended to misattribute to the experimenter items that they had produced themselves. This pattern was especially marked with emotionally charged material and with words that required more cognitive effort. In addition, HP subjects scored significantly higher on a scale assessing meta-cognitive beliefs compared with NHP subjects. Finally, scores on a scale assessing meta-cognitive beliefs were positively associated with source discrimination errors. Conclusions. These results suggest that cognitive effort, emotional salience and meta-cognitive beliefs all play a prominent role in the externalizing bias in hallucination-prone subjects. The results also provide evidence for the validity of the idea of a continuity between hallucination-prone subjects and psychotic patients with hallucinations on reality monitoring tasks, including a number of contributing factors in the occurrence of hallucinations. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of endotoxic shock on right ventricular systolic function and mechanical efficiency
Lambermont, Bernard ULg; Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg; Kolh, Philippe ULg et al

in Cardiovascular Research (2003), 59(2), 412-418

Objective: To investigate the effects of endotoxin infusion on right ventricular (RV) systolic function and mechanical efficiency. Methods: Six anesthetized pigs (Endo group) received a 0.5 mg/kg ... [more ▼]

Objective: To investigate the effects of endotoxin infusion on right ventricular (RV) systolic function and mechanical efficiency. Methods: Six anesthetized pigs (Endo group) received a 0.5 mg/kg endotoxin infusion over 30 min and were compared with six other anesthetized pigs (Control group) receiving placebo for 5 h. RV pressure-volume (PV) loops were obtained by the conductance catheter technique and pulmonary artery flow and pressure were measured with high-fidelity transducers. Results: RV adaptation to increased afterload during the early phase of endotoxin-induced pulmonary hypertension (T30) was obtained by both homeometric and hetereometric regulations: the slope of the end-systolic PV relationship of the right ventricle increased from 1.4+/-0.2 mmHg/ml to 2.9+/-0.4 mmHg/ml (P<0.05) and RV end-diastolic volume increased from 56+/-6 ml to 64+/-11 ml (P<0.05). Consequently, right ventricular-vascular coupling was maintained at a maximum efficiency. Ninety minutes later (T120), facing the same increased afterload, the right ventricle failed to maintain its contractility to such an elevated level and, as a consequence, right ventricular-vascular uncoupling occurred. PV loop area, which is known to be highly correlated with oxygen myocardial consumption, increased from 1154+/-127 mmHg/ml (T0) to 1798+/-122 mmHg/ml (T180) (P<0.05) while RV mechanical efficiency decreased from 63+/-2% (T0) to 45+/-5% (T270) (P<0.05). Conclusions: In the very early phase of endotoxinic shock, right ventricular-vascular coupling is preserved by an increase in RV contractility. Later, myocardial oxygen consumption and energetic cost of RV contractility are increased, as evidenced by the decrease in RV efficiency, and right ventricular-vascular uncoupling occurs. Therefore, therapies aiming at restoring right ventricular-vascular coupling in endotoxic shock should attempt to increase RV contractility and to decrease RV afterload but also to preserve RV mechanical efficiency. (C) 2003 European Society of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of environment on Repair Materials: Results of a Five-Year Research Project
Courard, Luc ULg; Darimont, Anne ULg; Degeimbre, Robert ULg et al

in Sixth Canmet/ACI International Conference on Durability of Concrete (2003)

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See detailEffects of environmental factors on yield and milking number in dairy cows milked by an automatic system located in pasture
Dufrasne, Isabelle ULg; Robaye, Vincent ULg; Knapp, Emilie ULg et al

in Grassland Science (2012), 17

A herd of 45 Holstein dairy cows was milked with an automatic milking system (AMS) located on a permanent pasture. The cows grazed from 22.06.2010 until 20.10.2010 on a rotational system. They were ... [more ▼]

A herd of 45 Holstein dairy cows was milked with an automatic milking system (AMS) located on a permanent pasture. The cows grazed from 22.06.2010 until 20.10.2010 on a rotational system. They were fetched twice a day to the AMS but they could also reach it freely. The sward height was measured at the entry and exit of each paddock. Data about daily milk yield and milking number were analysed according to a GLM including the effect of animal, days in paddock, distance between AMS and paddock, rotation cycle number and complementation. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of environmental factors on yield and milking number in dairy cows milked by an automatic system located in pasture
Dufrasne, Isabelle ULg; Robaye, Vincent ULg; Knapp, Emilie ULg et al

Poster (2011)

Nowadays, farmers have to manage larger herds but want, at the same time, benefit from a normal social life. The milking robot can bring solutions. Its use can reduce physical labour and allow flexibility ... [more ▼]

Nowadays, farmers have to manage larger herds but want, at the same time, benefit from a normal social life. The milking robot can bring solutions. Its use can reduce physical labour and allow flexibility. This technology results in a reduction in grazing even through grazing appears as a natural practice which is appreciated by the consumers. This project aims to develop strategies to use milking robots in pasture in order to benefit from advantages regarding feeding costs as well as animal welfare and health. It aims to study the effects of grass height, animal, days in milk, rotation cycle number and distance from grazed paddocks on daily milk yield and milking number of grazed cows. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of Ephedrine on the Onset Time of Neuromuscular Block and Intubating Conditions after Cisatracurium: Preliminary Results
Albert, Franz ULg; Hans, Pol ULg; Bitar, Yasser et al

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica (2000), 51(3), 167-71

We studied the effects of intravenous ephedrine on the onset time and the intubating conditions 2 min after a bolus dose of cisatracurium (0.15 mg kg-1). Thirty patients anaesthetized with sufentanil and ... [more ▼]

We studied the effects of intravenous ephedrine on the onset time and the intubating conditions 2 min after a bolus dose of cisatracurium (0.15 mg kg-1). Thirty patients anaesthetized with sufentanil and propofol were randomly divided in 2 groups to receive either ephedrine (70 micrograms.kg-1) or saline, 5 s before propofol. Cisatracurium was administered after loss of consciousness. Neuromuscular block was assessed at the adductor pollicis using accelography. Tracheal intubation was performed 2 min after cisatracurium injection and rated as excellent, good, poor or bad. At intubation, neuromuscular block (% height of control T1) was greater in patients receiving ephedrine (36.1 +/- 25.8% vs 57.9 +/- 25.1%) (mean +/- SD). The frequency of excellent intubating conditions was higher after ephedrine (86.6%) than after saline (40.0%). The onset time of cisatracurium was shorter after ephedrine (167 +/- 64.8 s vs 234.9 +/- 63.1 s). Thus, a low dose of ephedrine given before induction of anaesthesia improves the intubating conditions 2 min after 0.15 mg kg-1 cisatracurium and this effect likely relates to a quicker onset of neuromuscular block. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of ethidium bromide on chick fibroblasts and mouse Ehrlich tumor cells cultivated in vitro. Cytological and cytochemical observations.
Heinen, Ernst ULg; Lepoint, A.; Bassleer, R. et al

in Beitrage zur Pathologie (1974), 153(4), 353-69

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See detailEffects of ethinyl estradiol combined with desogestrel and cyproterone acetate on glucose tolerance and insulin response to an oral glucose load: a one-year randomized, prospective, comparative trial.
Jandrain, Bernard ULg; Humblet, Dominique ULg; Jaminet, C. B. et al

in American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (1990), 163(1 Pt 2), 378-81

To investigate the effects of two slightly estrogen-dominant, monophasic, low-dose oral contraceptives on carbohydrate metabolism, 40 healthy young women were randomly allocated to receive either 30 ... [more ▼]

To investigate the effects of two slightly estrogen-dominant, monophasic, low-dose oral contraceptives on carbohydrate metabolism, 40 healthy young women were randomly allocated to receive either 30 micrograms of ethinyl estradiol + 150 micrograms of desogestrel, a 19-nortestosterone-derived progestin (Marvelon; n = 21) or 35 micrograms of ethinyl estradiol + 2 mg of cyproterone acetate, a 17-acetoxyprogesterone derivative (Diane-35; n = (19) for a prospective observation period of 1 year. At baseline, 6, and 12 months, blood glucose, plasma insulin, and plasma C-peptide levels were measured during an oral glucose tolerance test. Although the changes were absent (Marvelon) or minimal (Diane-35) at 6 months, both groups had a slight increase in blood glucose levels at 12 months; overall glucose tolerance remaining, however, within the normal range. Plasma insulin levels remained unchanged in the Diane-35-group, which suggested increased insulin resistance, but were significantly decreased in the Marvelon group despite significant rises in plasma C-peptide levels. Comparison of plasma C-peptide and insulin changes suggests enhanced pancreatic insulin secretion and increased hepatic insulin metabolism with both Marvelon and Diane-35. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of Etodolac on Human Chondrocytes Cultivated in Three Dimensional Culture
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Bassleer, C.; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in Clinical Rheumatology (1989), 8(Suppl 1), 36-42

Human chondrocytes in three-dimensional culture were incubated for up to 20 days in the presence of etodolac, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug which penetrates readily into the synovial fluid. Even ... [more ▼]

Human chondrocytes in three-dimensional culture were incubated for up to 20 days in the presence of etodolac, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug which penetrates readily into the synovial fluid. Even at an etodolac concentration of 80 micrograms/ml, DNA synthesis, proteoglycan synthesis, and type-II collagen synthesis were unchanged. Collagenase production was also unaffected by etodolac (60 micrograms/ml). In contrast, prostaglandin E2 production was reduced by 84% in the presence of 60 micrograms/ml of etodolac. The 80 micrograms/ml concentration is 5 times that found in the serum of subjects treated with 200 mg of etodolac twice a day for 6 days, and 33 times the concentration in synovial fluid of arthritic patients treated with etodolac 200 mg twice a day for 7 days. These in vitro results indicate that anti-inflammatory levels of etodolac may not damage articular cartilage in vivo. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of excess nutrients on Posidonia productio in Calvi Bay.
Dauby, Patrick ULg; Noirhomme, Stéphane; Soullard, Mady et al

Conference (1993, January)

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See detailEffects of exercise and oral antioxidant supplementation enriched in (n-3) fatty acids on blood oxidant markers and erythrocyte membrane fluidity in horses
De Moffarts, Brieuc; Portier, Karine; Kirschvink, Nathalie et al

in Veterinary Journal (2007), 174(1), 113-121

The aim of this study was to investigate in a placebo-controlled field study the effect of a (n - 3)-vitamin supplementation on erythrocyte membrane fluidity (ENIF), oxidant/antioxidant markers and ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to investigate in a placebo-controlled field study the effect of a (n - 3)-vitamin supplementation on erythrocyte membrane fluidity (ENIF), oxidant/antioxidant markers and plasmatic omega 3/omega 6 fatty acid ratio (FAR) in 12 eventing horses. Venous blood was sampled at rest before (PRE) and after (POST) a three week treatment period with either the supplement (group S, n = 6) or a placebo (group P, n = 6) as well as after 15 min (POST E15') and 24 h (POST E24h) after a standardised exercise test. The following markers were analysed: EMF, plasma antioxidant capacity of water and lipid soluble components, ascorbic acid, uric acid (UA), glutathione (reduced: GSH, oxidised: GSSG), vitamin E (Vit E), beta-carotene, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, selenium, copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), oxidised proteins (Protox), lipid peroxides (Pool) and FAR. EMF did not differ between group S and P after treatment, but GPx remained unchanged in group S whereas it decreased in group P and plasma Cu/Zn ratio remained unchanged whereas it increased in group P. FAR were significantly increased in group S. Exercise induced a significant decrease of EMF (POST vs. E24h) in both groups, but which was significantly lower at E15' in group S than in group P. Exercise induced a significant increase of UA and ACW (POST vs. E15') and Protox (POST vs. E24h) in both groups. An exercise-related decrease in GSH and Pool (POST vs. E15') was found in group P, whereas Vit E and FAR (POST vs. E24h) significantly decreased in both groups. The study showed that exercise induced a decrease in ENIF in horses associated with changes of blood oxidative balance. The (omega-3)vitamin supplementation tested improved the oxidative balance poorly but delayed the exercise-induced decrease of EMF and increased the FAR. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of exercise on concentrations of immunoreactive endothelin in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of normal horses and horses with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Benamou, A. E.; Art, Tatiana ULg; Marlin, David J et al

in Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement (1999), 30

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) represents a major cause of loss of performance in the horse. The role of endothelin (ET), a potent bronchoconstrictive and vasoactive peptide, is currently ... [more ▼]

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) represents a major cause of loss of performance in the horse. The role of endothelin (ET), a potent bronchoconstrictive and vasoactive peptide, is currently being investigated in asthma and other obstructive respiratory diseases in man. We have previously found elevated systemic and pulmonary endothelin levels in horses during exacerbation of COPD. In the present study, our aim was to examine possible variations in ET concentrations occurring during exercise in COPD horses. We compared the effects of intense treadmill exercise on the recovery of endothelin (ET) in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) as well as in arterial and venous blood, in a group of 5 healthy horses and a group of 5 COPD horses studied alternately in remission and while symptomatic. We also investigated the possible correlations between ET levels and pulmonary function tests during the study. While exercise did not affect the ET levels recovered in BALF among controls, it caused a significant increase (P = 0.02) among symptomatic COPD horses. During remission, wide variations of ET levels among horses, at rest and during exercise, made any significant interpretation difficult. No correlation could be found between exercise-induced changes in ET concentrations and pulmonary function tests or changes in arterial oxygen tension with exercise. We conclude that exercise appears to affect the release of ET by the airways in COPD horses, in contrast to healthy horses. It is still unclear, however, whether these differences relate to adjustments of lung function during exercise. [less ▲]

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