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See detailDetermination of Particle Size, Surface Area, and Shape of Supplementary Cementitious Materials by Using Different Techniques
Arvaniti, Eleni; Juenger, Maria; Bernal, Susan et al

in Materials and Structures (2015), 48(11), 3687-3701

The particle size distribution, surface area and shape are fundamental characteristics of supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs). Accurate measurement of these properties is required in computational ... [more ▼]

The particle size distribution, surface area and shape are fundamental characteristics of supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs). Accurate measurement of these properties is required in computational efforts to model the hydration process, and the characterization of these parameters is also an important practical issue during the production and use of blended cements. Since there are no standard procedures specifically for the determination of physical properties of SCMs, the techniques that are currently used for characterizing Portland cement are applied to SCMs. Based on the fact that most of the techniques have been developed to measure cements, limitations occur when these methods are used for other materials than cement, particularly when these have lower fineness and different particle shape and mineralogical composition. Here, samples of fly ash, granulated blast furnace slag and silica fume were tested. Different results obtained using several methods for the determination of specific surface area are presented. Recommendations for testing SCMs using air permeability, sieving, laser diffraction, BET, image analysis and MIP are provided, which represent an output from the work of the RILEM Technical Committee on Hydration and Microstructure of Concrete with Supplementary Cementitious Materials (TC-238-SCM). [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of phospholipids extracted from Tsukamurella paurometabola C-924 after freeze-drying and during the subsequent storage
Coulibaly, I.; Dauphin, R. D.; Destain, Jacqueline ULg et al

Scientific conference (2010)

The total lipids of Tsukamurella paurometabola C-924 were analyzed after freeze-drying. Seven individual lipids classes were identifiednamelyneutrallipids(NLs),fattyacids(FAs),phospholipids(PLs ... [more ▼]

The total lipids of Tsukamurella paurometabola C-924 were analyzed after freeze-drying. Seven individual lipids classes were identifiednamelyneutrallipids(NLs),fattyacids(FAs),phospholipids(PLs),sterolester(SEs),triglycerides(TGs),diglycerides (DGs) and monoglycerides (MGs). The principal fatty acids identified in most lipid classes were palmitic (C 16:0), palmitoleic (C 16:1), oleic (C 18:1), linoleic (C 18:2), and linolenic (C 18:3). PLs were the major constituents and accounted for 50-60% of the total lipids. PLs were fractionated. PLs of Tsukamurella paurometabola content phosphatidic acid (PA), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylinositol (PI), phosphatidylcholine (PC), sphingomyelin (SM), lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) and phosphatidylglycerol (PG). It was observed that PG had the highest proportion at most points relative to other PLs and was the predominant component of PLs (30%-56%). Evolution of individual rate was followed during storage at 20°C and 40°C with or without lithothamne400®, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of phospholipids extracted from Tsukamurella paurometabola C-924 after freeze-drying and during the subsequent storage.
Coulibaly, Ibourahema ULg; Yao, Amenan Anastasie ULg; Dubois Dauphin, Robin ULg et al

Poster (2009, April 01)

The total lipids of Tsukamurella paurometabola C-924 were analysed after freeze-drying. Seven individual lipids classes were identified namly neutral lipids (NLs), fatty acids (FAs), phospholipids (PLs ... [more ▼]

The total lipids of Tsukamurella paurometabola C-924 were analysed after freeze-drying. Seven individual lipids classes were identified namly neutral lipids (NLs), fatty acids (FAs), phospholipids (PLs), sterol ester (SEs), triglycerides (TGs), diglycerides (DGs) and monoglycerides (MGs). The principal fatty acids identified in most lipid classes were palmitic (C16:0), palmitoleic (C16:1), oleic (C18:1), linoleic (C18:2), and linolenic (C18:3). PLs were the major constituents and accounted for 50-60% of the total lipids. PLs were fractionated. . PLs of Tsukamurella paurometabola content phosphatidic acid (PA), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylinositol (PI), phosphatidylcholine (PC), sphingomyelin (SM), lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) and phosphatidylglycerol (PG). It was observed that PG had the highest proportion at most points relative to other PLs and was the predominant component of PLs (30%-56%). Evolution of individual rate was followed during stored at 20°C and 40°C with or without lithothamne400®, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of photodissociation and radiative association cross sections from the same time-dependent calculation
Vranckx, Stéphane; Loreau, Jérôme; Desouter, Michèle ULg et al

in Journal of Physics : B Atomic Molecular & Optical Physics (2013), 46

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See detailDetermination of physical changes of inulin related to sorption isotherms: An X-ray diffraction, modulated differential scanning calorimetry and environmental scanning electron microscopy study
Ronkart, Sébastien ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Fougnies, C. et al

in Carbohydrate Polymers (2006), 63(2), 210-217

This paper gives a relationship between powdered inulin behaviour and physical parameters determination. Glass transition temperature (T,) and development of crystallinity were measured in relation to the ... [more ▼]

This paper gives a relationship between powdered inulin behaviour and physical parameters determination. Glass transition temperature (T,) and development of crystallinity were measured in relation to the water moisture of the polymer. These parameters were obtained by Modulated Differential Scanning Calorimetry (MDSC) and powder X-ray diffraction, respectively. In order to change the water content of the powder, adsorption and desorption isotherms (using different relative humidity storage conditions) were done and successfully fitted to the Guggenheim-Anderson-de Boer (GAB) model. Dependent on the relative humidity storage, a caking phenomenon occurred when glass transition temperature was under storage temperature. An Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy (ESEM) study showed a structural change when water activity increased above 0.56 at 20 degrees C. A correlation between the increase of the crystallinity and the hardening of the powder was determined. ESEM permitted an observation of the development of some crystal structures among the amorphous system, confirmed by an increase of the diffraction peaks obtained by powder X-ray diffraction. These observations lead to an understanding of the physical characteristics of inulin related to the water moisture. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of plant height for weed detection in stereoscopic images
Piron, Alexis ULg; Leemans, Vincent ULg; Kleynen, Olivier et al

in AGENG 2008 Conference - Agricultural & Biosystems Engineering for a Sustainable World (2008)

The aim of this study was twofold. The first goal was to acquire high accuracy stereoscopic images of small-scale field scenes, the second to examine the potential of plant height as a discriminant factor ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was twofold. The first goal was to acquire high accuracy stereoscopic images of small-scale field scenes, the second to examine the potential of plant height as a discriminant factor between crop and weed, within carrot rows. Emphasis was put on how to determine actual plant height taking into account the variable distance from camera to ground and ground irregularities for in-field measurements. Multispectral stereoscopic images were taken over a period of 19 days starting one week after crop emergence and seven weed species were considered. Images were acquired with a mobile vision system consisting in a filter wheel based multispectral camera and a video projector. The stereoscopy technique used belonged to the coded structured light family. The stereoscopic acquisition method yielded good results despite the numerous stereoscopic difficulties exhibited by the scenes. A plant height parameter as opposed to distance from camera to plant pixels gave better results for classification (classification accuracy of up [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of pole orientations and shapes of asteroids.
Magnusson, P.; Barucci, M. A.; Drummond, J. D. et al

in Binzel; Gehrels, T.; Matthews, M. S. (Eds.) Asteroids II (1990)

The principles of asteroid lightcurve inversion and the information available from photometry are reviewed. General tools as well as specific techniques for shape and pole determinations are summarized ... [more ▼]

The principles of asteroid lightcurve inversion and the information available from photometry are reviewed. General tools as well as specific techniques for shape and pole determinations are summarized and their advantages and shortcomings are discussed. The authors also present the results obtained so far in this very active field and discuss their significance in the general context of asteroid research and planetary formation. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of polyisoprene-block-poly(methyl methacrylate) domain sizes using 1H spin diffusion
Werkhoven, Thekla M; Mulder, Fokko M; Zune, Catherine et al

in Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics (2003), 204(1), 46-51

The microphase structure of polyisoprene-block-poly(methyl methacrylate) diblock copolymers was studied using solid-state NMR techniques. Wideline separation spectroscopy reveals a narrow interphase ... [more ▼]

The microphase structure of polyisoprene-block-poly(methyl methacrylate) diblock copolymers was studied using solid-state NMR techniques. Wideline separation spectroscopy reveals a narrow interphase between the two polymers. The domain sizes of a lamellar sample and a sample with hexagonally ordered cylinders were determined using 1H spin diffusion. The lamellar sample shows a domain size of 16 ± 2 nm for the minor polyisoprene phase and a long period of 33 ± 4 nm. The cylindrical structure has a long period of 38 ± 7 nm, the diameter of the PMMA cylinders is 21 ± 4 nm. These results are about 20% below the estimates obtained from theoretical calculations according to Helfand and Wasserman [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of porcine plasma follitropin levels during superovulation treatment in cows
Demoustier, M.; Beckers, Jean-François ULg; Van Der Zwalmen, P. et al

in Theriogenology (1988), 30(2), 379-386

Porcine follicle stimulating hormone (pFSH) and porcine luteinizing hormone (pLH), are widely used to induce superovulation in cows. An advantage of this treatment is that the LH:FSH ratio can be varied ... [more ▼]

Porcine follicle stimulating hormone (pFSH) and porcine luteinizing hormone (pLH), are widely used to induce superovulation in cows. An advantage of this treatment is that the LH:FSH ratio can be varied to optimize the growth of the ovarian follicles. However, due to the relatively short half-life of FSH, the superovulatory treatment requires numerous injections. A performant radioimmunoassay system (sensitivity=0.2 ng/ml plasma) was used to determine plasma pFSH levels in cows that were superovulated with 2 daily injections of 4 Armour Units (A.U.) of pFSH for 4 d. From plasma profiles, the half-life and the disappearance of pFSH were estimated at 5 h and at 10 to 12 h, respectively, confirming the necessity of using two daily injections. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein concentrations in goats (Capra hircus) with unsuccessful pregnancies: a retrospective study
Zarrouk, A.; Engeland, I.; Sulon, Joseph ULg et al

in Theriogenology (1999), 51(7), 1321-31

Presented here are the profiles of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) concentrations in blood collected weekly from goats experiencing maintained and unsuccessful pregnancies. The analysis of these ... [more ▼]

Presented here are the profiles of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) concentrations in blood collected weekly from goats experiencing maintained and unsuccessful pregnancies. The analysis of these profiles clearly indicated 4 different situations: the pseudopregnancy syndrome, abortion between Days 89 and 137, parturition of 1 dead and 1 live fetus, and expulsion of macerated or mummified fetuses after full term. A marked reduction in PAG concentration at any time during pregnancy was followed by an event such as abortion or the expulsion of a dead fetus at term or later. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of Pregnancy-Associated Glycoprotein concentrations in sheep: a retrospective study
Gajewski, Zdzislaw; Beckers, Jean-François ULg; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg et al

in Advances in Cell Biology (1999), 26(Supplement 12), 89-96

This study is carried out to determine ovine pregnancy associated glycoprotein (oPAG) levels in the serum of Berrichone ewes throughout gestation and the first month post partum. The levels were ... [more ▼]

This study is carried out to determine ovine pregnancy associated glycoprotein (oPAG) levels in the serum of Berrichone ewes throughout gestation and the first month post partum. The levels were determinated with heterologous RIA using bovine PAG as standard and tracer and rabbit antiserum against oPAG. The level of oPAG increased from the 4th week of pregnancy till 12-13th week and decreased slowly till 17th week, when increased rapidly and reached the highest level (around 600-700 ng/ml). In the sheep carrying twins, we observed higher levels of oPAG than in the uniparous sheep. After lambing, oPAG decreased rapidly in 4 week to basal values. The oPAG concentrations in the animals carrying twins was higher when comparised to single lamb. We concluded that the oPAG level depends on the number of lambs and term of pregnancy. The estimation of oPAG concentrations in the blood can be used as a indicator for pregnancy diagnosis. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein, P4, E1S and PgFM concentrations in the sheep during pregnancy
Gajewski, Z.; Beckers, Jean-François ULg; Thun, R.

in Proceedings: 23rd World Buiatrics Congress, Québec, Canada (2004)

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See detailDetermination of pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (bPAG) in cow’s milk
Metelo, R.; Silva, S.; Sulon, J. et al

in Proceedings: 23rd World Buiatrics Congress, Québec, Canada (2004)

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See detailDetermination of radiative lifetimes of neutral sulphur by time-resolved three-photon VUV laser spectroscopy
Berzinsh, U.; Caiyan, L.; Zerne, R. et al

in Physical Review. A : General Physics (1997), 55

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See detailDetermination of radiative lifetimes of neutral sulphur by time-resolved three-photon VUV laser spectroscopy
Li, Z. S.; Persson, A.; Svanberg, S. et al

in European Physical Journal D -- Atoms, Molecules, Clusters & Optical Physics (1998), 2

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See detailDetermination of residue levels in juvenile rainbow trouts treated by 17 alpha-methyltestosterone for sex reversal
Gaspar, P.; Desmons, Pierre; Drot, S. et al

in Analysis of anabolizing and doping agents in biosamples (1990)

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See detailDetermination of Romanian alfalfa crude protein and crude fiber contents as well as in vitro organic matter digestibility by NIR spectrometry
Dale, Laura ULg; Thewis, André ULg; Rotar, Ioan et al

in Scientific Papers. Series D, Animal Science (2012, October 04)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is a high quality forage which has been used worldwide. The superiority of alfalfa lies in its high yield, high protein content and high digestibility. The aim of this study ... [more ▼]

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is a high quality forage which has been used worldwide. The superiority of alfalfa lies in its high yield, high protein content and high digestibility. The aim of this study was to develop a simple, fast and non-destructive method, named Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) to determinate alfalfa quality. To realize this study, alfalfa samples were obtained from Mănăştur Experimental Station – Farm Cojocna in 2008–2009, in one experiment carried out using randomization blocks design with two experimental factors (mineral fertilization and period of harvest). Alfalfa quality was first determinated on 48 samples by classical analyses: crude protein CP (AOAC, 1990), crude fiber CF (Fiber Cap, FOSS, DK) and in vitro organic matter digestibility OMDrt (DeBoever, 1986). Then the samples were scanned by NIRS. Calibration models were performed by PerkinElmer Spectrum Quant + 4.21 program (USA) on the 48 samples determinated by classical analysis. The results showed fully confirmed by acceptable coefficients of determination and standard error of cross-validation (R2=0.96 for CP, 0.94 for CF, 0.98 for OMDrt and SECV=0.77 for CP, 1.35 for CF, 1.13 for OMDrt). Successful results for prediction of other 176 alfalfa samples were then obtained using these calibration models: SEP=0.869 for CP, 1.058 for CF, 1.058 for OMDrt). The highest CP and OMDrt values of alfalfa were obtained in bud stage (22.0% and 66.0% respectively). While for CF, the highest content was registered in the seed formation stage (46.0%). The NIRS technique offers us the possibility to determinate rapidly and easily Romanian alfalfa important parameters, but the system could also be used for the determination of other constituents. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of salbutamol enantiomers in human urine using heptakis(2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-beta-cyclodextrin in nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis
Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg; Chiap, Patrice ULg; Hubert, Philippe ULg et al

in Electrophoresis (2004), 25(10-11), 1632-1640

Nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE) was successfully applied to the resolution and the determination of salbutamol enantiomers in urine samples using heptakis(2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-beta ... [more ▼]

Nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE) was successfully applied to the resolution and the determination of salbutamol enantiomers in urine samples using heptakis(2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-beta-cyclodextrin (HDAS-beta-CD). After optimization of the electrophoretic parameters, namely the background electrolyte (BGE) composition and the HDAS-beta-CD concentration, salbutamol enantiomers were completely resolved using a BGE made up of 10 mm ammonium formate and 15 mm HDAS-beta-CD in methanol acidified with 0.75 M formic acid. Isoprenaline was selected as internal standard. Solid-phase extraction (SPE) was used for sample cleanup prior to the CE separation. Different sorbents involving polar, nonpolar interactions or dual retention mechanisms were evaluated and extraction cartridges containing both nonpolar and strong cation-exchange functionalities were finally selected. Salbutamol enantiomers recoveries from urine samples were determined. The method was then successfully validated using a new approach based on accuracy profiles over a concentration range from 375 to 7500 ng/mL for each enantiomer. [less ▲]

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