Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of n-3 fatty acids in Eurasian perch broodstock diet on egg fatty acid composition and larva stress resistance.
Abi-Ayad, Amine; Mélard, Charles ULg; Kestemont, Patrick

in Aquaculture International (1997), 5

Detailed reference viewed: 75 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of N-acetylcysteine combined with infliximab on toxic epidermal necrolysis. A proof-of-concept study.
PAQUET, Philippe ULg; JENNES, Serge; ROUSSEAU, Anne-Françoise ULg et al

in Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of NaCl and mannitol iso-osmotic stresses on proline and free polyamine levels in embryogenic Fraxinus angustifolia callus
Tonon, Giustino; Kevers, Claire ULg; Faivre-Rampant, Odile et al

in Journal of Plant Physiology (2004), 161(6), 701-708

With the aim to differentiate the ionic and osmotic components of salt stress, short and long-term changes in free polyamines and proline induced by iso-osmotic concentrations of NaCl (0.1 mol/L and 0 ... [more ▼]

With the aim to differentiate the ionic and osmotic components of salt stress, short and long-term changes in free polyamines and proline induced by iso-osmotic concentrations of NaCl (0.1 mol/L and 0.2mol/L) and mannitol (0.2mol/L and 0.4mol/L) were determined in Fraxinus angustifolia callus. The peculiarities of the short-term responses were: i) a very early (30 min) and temporary increase in Putrescine (Pu) and Spermine (Spm) as a consequence of salt treatment, and ii) a continuous accumulation of Spermidine (Spd) and Spm in response to mannitol. The changes of Proline (Pro) were quite limited both in the short and in the long term, and generally occurred later than Polyamine (PAs) changes took place, suggesting a regulatory mechanism of PAs metabolism on Pro biosynthesis. In the long-term, no drastic accumulations of Pro or PAs in response to NaCl and mannitol were observed, suggesting that their physiological role is unlikely to be that of osmo-compatible solutes in this plant system. The salt induced a higher callus growth inhibition effect than did mannitol and this inhibition was associated with the reduction of endogenous levels of PAs, especially Pu. However, while a diverging time course was observed under lethal salt concentration (0.2 mol/L NaCl), a high parallelism in the endogenous changes of Pro and Pu was observed under all non-lethal conditions (control - 0.2 and 0.4 mol/L mannitol - 0.1 mol/L NaCl). Therefore the synchronous changes of Pro and Pu can be considered as a physiological trait associated with cell survival. These results indicate a strong metabolic co-ordination between PAs and Pro pathways and suggest that the metabolic fluxes through these pathways start competing only when the stress level is high enough to be lethal for cells. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of nadroparin, a low-molecular-weight heparin, on clinical and angiographic restenosis after coronary balloon angioplasty: the FACT study. Fraxiparine Angioplastie Coronaire Transluminale.
Lablanche, J. M.; McFadden, E. P.; Meneveau, N. et al

in Circulation (1997), 96(10), 3396-402

BACKGROUND: Experimental studies suggest that the antiproliferative effect of heparin after arterial injury is maximized by pretreatment. No previous studies of restenosis have used a pretreatment ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Experimental studies suggest that the antiproliferative effect of heparin after arterial injury is maximized by pretreatment. No previous studies of restenosis have used a pretreatment strategy. We designed this study to determine whether treatment with nadroparin, a low-molecular-weight heparin, started 3 days before the procedure and continued for 3 months, affected angiographic restenosis or clinical outcome after coronary angioplasty. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a prospective multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial, elective coronary angioplasty was performed on 354 patients who were treated with daily subcutaneous nadroparin (0.6 mL of 10,250 anti-Xa IU/mL) or placebo injections started 3 days before angioplasty and continued for 3 months. Angiography was performed just before and immediately after angioplasty and at follow-up. The primary study end point was angiographic restenosis, assessed by quantitative coronary angiography 3 months after balloon angioplasty. Clinical follow-up was continued up to 6 months. Clinical and procedural variables and the occurrence of periprocedural complications did not differ between groups. At angiographic follow-up, the mean minimal lumen diameter and the mean residual stenosis in the nadroparin group (1.37+/-0.66 mm, 51.9+/-21.0%) did not differ from the corresponding values in the control group (1.48+/-0.59 mm, 48.8+/-18.9%). Combined major cardiac-related clinical events (death, myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization) did not differ between groups (30.3% versus 29.6%). CONCLUSIONS: Pretreatment with the low-molecular-weight heparin nadroparin continued for 3 months after balloon angioplasty had no beneficial effect on angiographic restenosis or on adverse clinical outcomes. [less ▲]

Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of naloxone and metoclopropamide on LH secretion in a hyperprolactinemic, hypogonadotropic, postmenopausal woman, fertility and sterility.
Verhelst, J.; Beckers, Albert ULg; Abs, R.

in Fertility and Sterility (1995), 64(5), 969-971

OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of opioidergic and dopaminergic activity in the suppression of GnRH0LH in a hyperprolactinemic state. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT: A 68-year ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of opioidergic and dopaminergic activity in the suppression of GnRH0LH in a hyperprolactinemic state. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT: A 68-year-old woman with a macroprolactinoma. INTERVENTIONS: Serial 10-hour IV infusions of naloxone and metoclopramide. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Serum LH concentration. RESULTS: Naloxone induced a small but significant rise of serum LH levels, which displayed a pulsatile pattern. By contrast, metoclopramide elicited no significant response in LH secretion. CONCLUSION: Opioidergic but not dopaminergic neurotransmission plays a direct role in the suppression of LH secondary to hyperprolactinemia. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of nasal administration of synthetic salmon calcitonin on Paget's disease of bone
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Franchimont, P

in Calcified Tissue International (1984), 36(S2), 77

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Effect of Nasal hCT on Bone Turnover in Paget's Disease of Bone--Implications for the Treatment of Other Metabolic Bone Diseases
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Jeugmans-Huynen, A. M.; Franssen, Marcelle ULg et al

in British Journal of Rheumatology (1992), 31(1), 35-9

Thirty pagetic patients were treated for 6 months with a daily nasal application of 2 mg of synthetic human calcitonin (hCT). Serum alkaline phosphatases (SAP) and urinary hydroxyproline/creatinine ratio ... [more ▼]

Thirty pagetic patients were treated for 6 months with a daily nasal application of 2 mg of synthetic human calcitonin (hCT). Serum alkaline phosphatases (SAP) and urinary hydroxyproline/creatinine ratio (OH/Cr), reflecting bone turnover, were significantly reduced from the first month of treatment (mean +/- SEM: SAP, -13.9 +/- 2.2%; OH/Cr, -22.2 +/- 5.8%; both P less than 0.01) and until the end of the 6-month course (mean +/- SEM: SAP, -29.7 +/- 4.6%; OH/Cr, -22.5 +/- 5.9%; both P less than 0.01). Nasal hCT was perfectly tolerated both locally and systemically. These results allow us to consider nasal hCT for long-term trials in metabolic bone diseases characterized by a relative increase of bone resorption. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe effect of nasal hCT on bone turnover in Paget's disease of bone. Implications for the treatment of other metabolic bone diseases
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; JEUGMANS, Anne-Marie ULg; Wouters, M et al

in Revue du Rhumatisme et des Maladies Osteo-Articulaires (1992), 59

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of nateglinide on the incidence of diabetes and cardiovascular events.
Holman, Rury R; Haffner, Steven M; McMurray, John J et al

in New England Journal of Medicine [=NEJM] (2010), 362(16), 1463-76

BACKGROUND: The ability of short-acting insulin secretagogues to reduce the risk of diabetes or cardiovascular events in people with impaired glucose tolerance is unknown. METHODS: In a double-blind ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The ability of short-acting insulin secretagogues to reduce the risk of diabetes or cardiovascular events in people with impaired glucose tolerance is unknown. METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized clinical trial, we assigned 9306 participants with impaired glucose tolerance and either cardiovascular disease or cardiovascular risk factors to receive nateglinide (up to 60 mg three times daily) or placebo, in a 2-by-2 factorial design with valsartan or placebo, in addition to participation in a lifestyle modification program. We followed the participants for a median of 5.0 years for incident diabetes (and a median of 6.5 years for vital status). We evaluated the effect of nateglinide on the occurrence of three coprimary outcomes: the development of diabetes; a core cardiovascular outcome that was a composite of death from cardiovascular causes, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, or hospitalization for heart failure; and an extended cardiovascular outcome that was a composite of the individual components of the core composite cardiovascular outcome, hospitalization for unstable angina, or arterial revascularization. RESULTS: After adjustment for multiple testing, nateglinide, as compared with placebo, did not significantly reduce the cumulative incidence of diabetes (36% and 34%, respectively; hazard ratio, 1.07; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.00 to 1.15; P=0.05), the core composite cardiovascular outcome (7.9% and 8.3%, respectively; hazard ratio, 0.94, 95% CI, 0.82 to 1.09; P=0.43), or the extended composite cardiovascular outcome (14.2% and 15.2%, respectively; hazard ratio, 0.93, 95% CI, 0.83 to 1.03; P=0.16). Nateglinide did, however, increase the risk of hypoglycemia. CONCLUSIONS: Among persons with impaired glucose tolerance and established cardiovascular disease or cardiovascular risk factors, assignment to nateglinide for 5 years did not reduce the incidence of diabetes or the coprimary composite cardiovascular outcomes. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00097786.) [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 150 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of neuropeptides on cultured postnatal auditory neurons.
Malgrange, Brigitte ULg; Lefebvre, P.P.; Rigo, J.M. et al

Conference (1997)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of New Synthetic PEGylated Ferulic Acids in Comparison to Ferulic Acid and Commercial Surfactants on the Properties of Wheat Flour Dough and Bread
Nicks, Francois ULg; Richel, Aurore ULg; Dubrowski, Thomas ULg et al

in Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture (2013), 93(10), 2415-2420

BACKGROUND: Ferulic acid esterified with poly(ethylene glycol) with three different average molecular weights (200, 400 and 1000 g/mol) was studied in breadmaking. The effects of these antioxidants on the ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Ferulic acid esterified with poly(ethylene glycol) with three different average molecular weights (200, 400 and 1000 g/mol) was studied in breadmaking. The effects of these antioxidants on the properties of wheat flour dough and bread were analyzed and compared with those obtained with ferulic acid and two commercial surfactants, diacetyl tartaric acid ester of mono- and diglycerides and sodium stearoyl lactylate. Farinographic and alveographic methods as well as weight, volume and bread firmness measurements were used for this purpose. <br /> <br />RESULTS: Such as ferulic acid, when the PEGylated derivatives were implemented in the dough (5000 ppm), it accelerated its breakdown and decreased its rheological properties. However, it allowed to avoid the important diminution of loaf volume observed when dough supplemented with ferulic acid was baked. That decrease in volume was related to the inhibition of the yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisae) by the unesterified ferulic acid. Moreover, two of the PEGylated ferulic acids even contributed to an increase of loaf volumes (5-6%) and demonstrated crumb softener properties. <br /> <br />CONCLUSION: The addition of ferulic acid in wheat flour dough caused the inhibition of the yeast, which resulted in decreased bread volume. That effect could be avoid by the esterification of ferulic acid with poly(ethylene glycol). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (25 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of nicotine on rat gingival fibroblasts in vitro
Lahmouzi, Jamila ULg; Simain-Sato, Franklin ULg; Defresne, Marie-Paule ULg et al

in Connective Tissue Research (2000), 41(1), 69-80

Nicotine from 3 to 5 mM affects growth and survival rate of rat gingival fibroblasts in vitro. Ultrastructural analysis revealed dilated mitochondria and vacuolization in treated cells, suggestive of ... [more ▼]

Nicotine from 3 to 5 mM affects growth and survival rate of rat gingival fibroblasts in vitro. Ultrastructural analysis revealed dilated mitochondria and vacuolization in treated cells, suggestive of necrosis, but increased apoptosis was also revealed by cytometry. On the basis of this in vitro study, it appear that tobacco, through its component nicotine, may directly affect various functions of rat gingival fibroblasts [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 116 (9 ULg)
See detailEffect of nitrogen application and stocking rate on performances of suckler cows and their calves
Dufrasne, Isabelle ULg; Limbourg, Pierre; Gielen, Marc ULg et al

in 14th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation. (1992)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of Nitrous Oxide on the Bispectral Index and the 95% Spectral Edge Frequency of the Electroencephalogram During Surgery
Hans, Pol ULg; Bonhomme, Vincent ULg; Benmansour, H. et al

in Anaesthesia (2001), 56(10), 999-1002

We studied the effect of nitrous oxide on the bispectral index and 95% spectral edge frequency of the electroencephalogram in 20 patients undergoing lumbar surgery under general anaesthesia combined with ... [more ▼]

We studied the effect of nitrous oxide on the bispectral index and 95% spectral edge frequency of the electroencephalogram in 20 patients undergoing lumbar surgery under general anaesthesia combined with epidural administration of 5 mg morphine. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of non-ionic surfactant and acidity on chitosan nanofibers with different molecular weights
Ziani, Khalid; Henrist, Catherine ULg; Jerome, Christine et al

in Carbohydrate Polymers (2011), 83(2), 470-476

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of non-sperm cells removal with single layer colloidal centrifugation on myeloperoxidase concentration in post-thaw equine semen
Ponthier, Jérôme ULg; Teague, Sheila; Franck, Thierry ULg et al

in Theriogenology (2013), 80(9), 1082-1087

Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a pro-oxidant enzyme contained in, and released by, neutrophils during degranulation or after lysis. Post-thaw semen contains MPO and its concentration is associated with ... [more ▼]

Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a pro-oxidant enzyme contained in, and released by, neutrophils during degranulation or after lysis. Post-thaw semen contains MPO and its concentration is associated with decreased sperm motility. Recently, MPO concentration in post-thaw semen was shown to be associated with presence of non-sperm cells. The aim of this study was to describe the effect of centrifugal fractionation of semen prior to cryopreservation on post-thaw concentrations of non-sperm cells and MPO. The experimental design consisted in freezing semen with or without previous centrifugation through two concentrations of single layer colloid media. Non-sperm cells and MPO concentrations were assessed in pellet and upper layer at each step of the procedure and MPO was detected in cells by immunocytochemistry. Single layer colloid centrifugation decreased non-sperm cells and MPO concentrations in post-thaw semen. The MPO concentration was correlated with concentration of non-sperm cells in the upper layer of the supernatant. In post-thaw semen, with or without previous single layer colloid centrifugation, MPO concentration was correlated with concentration of non-sperm cells. Overall, neutrophils were rarely observed and non-sperm cells were mainly epithelial cells or cellular debris, as demonstrated by MPO immunocytochemistry. Following single layer colloid centrifugation, MPO concentration was decreased, and correlations observed in different samples of the experiments revealed an association between concentrations of MPO and non-sperm cells. At all steps of the semen processing and cryopreservation, MPO immunostaining was clearly identified only on non-sperm cells. Our results demonstrate that non-sperm cells present in fresh semen release MPO during freezing. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (14 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on amyloid-beta formation and macrophage activation after platelet phagocytosis.
Jans, Dominique ULg; Martinet, Wim; Fillet, Marianne ULg et al

in Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology (2004), 43(3), 462-70

Recently, we showed that platelet phagocytosis occurs in human atherosclerotic plaques and leads to foam cell formation. Platelet phagocytosis, resulting in macrophage activation and iNOS induction, was ... [more ▼]

Recently, we showed that platelet phagocytosis occurs in human atherosclerotic plaques and leads to foam cell formation. Platelet phagocytosis, resulting in macrophage activation and iNOS induction, was associated with the formation of amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) via proteolytic cleavage of platelet-derived amyloid precursor protein (APP), possibly by secretases. To test the involvement of gamma-secretase in this process, we used indomethacin, ibuprofen, and sulindac sulfide, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) known to alter the gamma-secretase cleaving site of APP, on their ability to inhibit macrophage activation evoked by platelet phagocytosis. J774 macrophages were incubated with human platelets or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) with or without NSAIDs. Nitrite was quantified as a measure for inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) activity. Indomethacin, ibuprofen, sulindac sulfide, and meloxicam concentration-dependently reduced nitrite production by macrophages incubated with platelets, but did not alter LPS-induced iNOS activity or platelet uptake. However, acetylsalicylic acid and naproxen, two NSAIDs without effect on the gamma-secretase cleaving site of APP, did not affect nitrite production in either platelet- or LPS-stimulated macrophages. Surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass-spectrometry demonstrated time-dependent formation of Abeta-containing peptides after platelet phagocytosis, which could be inhibited by indomethacin. In conclusion, these results point to the involvement of gamma-secretase in macrophage activation following platelet phagocytosis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe effect of nonventilation during early incubation on the embryonic development of chicks of two commercial broiler strains differing in ascites susceptibility.
De Smit, L.; Bruggeman, V.; Debonne, M. et al

in Poultry science (2008), 87(3), 551-60

Despite thorough selection during the last decade, the incidence of ascites is still high in modern broiler strains. Although ascites occurs mostly at the end of the rearing period, there are indications ... [more ▼]

Despite thorough selection during the last decade, the incidence of ascites is still high in modern broiler strains. Although ascites occurs mostly at the end of the rearing period, there are indications that the etiology of this problem may have started during embryonic development. Recent studies have shown that the post-hatch performance of the broiler chick might be influenced by changing the environmental conditions in the incubator during embryonic development. This study investigated the effect of increasing incubator CO(2) concentration up to 0.7%, by nonventilation during the first 10 d of incubation, on the embryonic development of 2 commercial broiler strains (Cobb and SAS) differing in their susceptibility for ascites syndrome. The Cobb strain is suspected to be less susceptible than the SAS strain. Overall, the chick embryos of the Cobb strain had a faster development than those of the SAS strain as expressed by their higher BW from embryonic day (ED)10 until ED18. Nonventilation stimulated embryonic development resulting in higher embryonic BW, early hatch, and narrower spread of hatch in both strains. In the SAS strain, nonventilation improved hatchability by more than 10%. Gas composition of the air cell in the egg of the nonventilation groups (both Cobb and SAS) had higher partial pressure of CO(2) and lower partial pressure of O(2) from ED11 until ED14 compared with the ventilation groups. During the entire incubation period, partial pressure of CO(2) was higher in eggs of the Cobb strain compared with the SAS strain. Plasma triiodothyronine, thyroxine, and corticosterone levels were different at the end of the incubation period and during hatching due to nonventilation at the beginning of incubation. It is concluded that nonventilation during the first 10 d of incubation had a stimulatory effect on embryonic development of the 2 broiler strains with no effect of heart weights but with effects on hormone levels, air cell pressures, and hatching parameters. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 ULg)