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See detailLa dévotion mariale, facteur d’identification dans les Pays-Bas espagnols
Delfosse, Annick ULg

in Cottret, M.; Belissa, M.; Belavitis, A. (Eds.) Identités, appartenances, revendications identitaires (XVIe-XVIIIe siècle) (2005)

The author studies the use of the Marian worship as an identitary factor in the Catholic Low Countries (end 16th- 17th c.). She shows how, in a stormy military context, this symbolical character served as ... [more ▼]

The author studies the use of the Marian worship as an identitary factor in the Catholic Low Countries (end 16th- 17th c.). She shows how, in a stormy military context, this symbolical character served as a principle of fusion, favouring the unity of the group and carrying therefore the individual to conform himself with common values i.e. fidelity to the reformed Catholicism and loyalty to the Habsburg authority. [less ▲]

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See detailDévotions du pays de Liège d’après le chanteur de rue Joseph Mousset dit Hasserz (1799-1870)
Droixhe, Daniel ULg

in Tamine, Michel (Ed.) Dévotions populaires. Actes du Colloque (2008)

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See detailDew point effect of cooled hydrogel pads on human stratum corneum biosurface.
Xhauflaire, Emmanuelle ULg; Paquet, Philippe ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Dermatology : International Journal for Clinical & Investigative Dermatology (2008), 216(1), 37-9

BACKGROUND: Cooled hydrogel pads are used to prevent overheating effects of laser therapy. They do not induce cold injuries to the skin, but their more subtle physiological effects have not been ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Cooled hydrogel pads are used to prevent overheating effects of laser therapy. They do not induce cold injuries to the skin, but their more subtle physiological effects have not been thoroughly studied. PURPOSE: To describe the changes in transepidermal water loss and electrometric properties of the skin surface following application of cooled hydrogel pads. Measurements were performed on normal forearm skin of 27 healthy volunteers and on freshly excised skin from abdominoplasty. METHODS: LaserAid hydrogel pads cooled to 4 degrees C were placed for 15 min on the forearm skin. Measurements of transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and electrometric properties (Corneometer, Nova DPM 900) were performed before application and after removal of the cooled pads. RESULTS: A consistent increase in corneometer units, dermal phase meter (DPM) values and TEWL were recorded at removal of the cooled hydrogel pads. Both the in vivo and in vitro assessments brought similar information. DISCUSSION: The similar changes disclosed in vitro and in vivo suggest that a common physical process is operating in these conditions. The observed phenomenon is opposite to the predicted events given by the Arrhenius law probably because of the combination of cooling and occlusion by the pads. A dew point effect (air temperature at which relative humidity is maximal) is likely involved in the moisture content of the stratum corneum. Thus, the biological impact of using cooling hydrogel pads during laser therapy is different from the effect of a cryogenic spray cooling procedure. The better preservation of the water balance in the stratum corneum by the cooled hydrogel pads could have a beneficial esthetic effect on laser treated areas. [less ▲]

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See detailDexamethasone Bovine Pharmacokinetics
Gaignage, P.; Lognay, Georges ULg; Bosson, D. et al

in European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics (1991), 16(3), 219-221

Dexamethasone phosphate (DXM-PHO) is an ester which is quickly hydrolysed by the bovine and the dexamethasone (DXM) plasma half-life was 5.16 h. It has been demonstrated that 54 h after DXM-PHO injection ... [more ▼]

Dexamethasone phosphate (DXM-PHO) is an ester which is quickly hydrolysed by the bovine and the dexamethasone (DXM) plasma half-life was 5.16 h. It has been demonstrated that 54 h after DXM-PHO injection, DXM concentrations were lower than 0.1 mglml. Tritiated dexamethasone was also administered twice to an another young bull for metabolite investigation. The elapsed time required to recover, in plasma, half of the radioactivity injected was 8.8 h. Radioactivity recovery in the urine reached 36.4% and 22.6% for the first and the second injections respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailDexamethasone Ester Treatment Alters Insulin-Like Growth Factor-I, Its Binding Proteins And Thyroid Status In Finishing Calves
Bertozzi, C.; Portetelle, Daniel ULg; Massart, Serge et al

in Canadian Journal of Animal Science (2000), 80(2),

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See detailDexamethasone inhibits the HSV-tk/ ganciclovir bystander effect in malignant glioma cells.
Robe, Pierre ULg; Nguyen-Khac, Minh-Tuan ULg; Jolois, Olivier ULg et al

in BMC Cancer (2005), 5

BACKGROUND: HSV-tk/ ganciclovir (GCV) gene therapy has been extensively studied in the setting of brain tumors and largely relies on the bystander effect. Large studies have however failed to demonstrate ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: HSV-tk/ ganciclovir (GCV) gene therapy has been extensively studied in the setting of brain tumors and largely relies on the bystander effect. Large studies have however failed to demonstrate any significant benefit of this strategy in the treatment of human brain tumors. Since dexamethasone is a frequently used symptomatic treatment for malignant gliomas, its interaction with the bystander effect and the overall efficacy of HSV-TK gene therapy ought to be assessed. METHODS: Stable clones of TK-expressing U87, C6 and LN18 cells were generated and their bystander effect on wild type cells was assessed. The effects of dexamethasone on cell proliferation and sensitivity to ganciclovir were assessed with a thymidine incorporation assay and a MTT test. Gap junction mediated intercellular communication was assessed with microinjections and FACS analysis of calcein transfer. The effect of dexamethasone treatment on the sensitivity of TK-expressing to FAS-dependent apoptosis in the presence or absence of ganciclovir was assessed with an MTT test. Western blot was used to evidence the effect of dexamethasone on the expression of Cx43, CD95, CIAP2 and BclXL. RESULTS: Dexamethasone significantly reduced the bystander effect in TK-expressing C6, LN18 and U87 cells. This inhibition results from a reduction of the gap junction mediated intercellular communication of these cells (GJIC), from an inhibition of their growth and thymidine incorporation and from a modulation of the apoptotic cascade. CONCLUSION: The overall efficacy of HSV-TK gene therapy is adversely affected by dexamethasone co-treatment in vitro. Future HSV-tk/ GCV gene therapy clinical protocols for gliomas should address this interference of corticosteroid treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailDexamethasone pretreatment provides antiinflammatory and myocardial protection in neonatal arterial switch operation.
Heying, Ruth; Wehage, Edith; SCHUMACHER, Katharina ULg et al

in Annals of Thoracic Surgery (2012), 93(3), 869-76

BACKGROUND: This prospective double-blinded randomized study tested the hypothesis that preoperative treatment with dexamethasone would attenuate inflammatory priming of the myocardium, reduce the ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: This prospective double-blinded randomized study tested the hypothesis that preoperative treatment with dexamethasone would attenuate inflammatory priming of the myocardium, reduce the systemic inflammatory reaction upon cardiac operation, and provide organ protection in neonates. METHODS: Twenty neonates (age, 8 to 21 days) with transposition of the great arteries scheduled for arterial switch operation were included. Nine received dexamethasone (1 mg/kg body weight) 4 hours before cardiopulmonary bypass, and 11 received natrium chloride. We studied intramyocardial messenger RNA expression of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-1beta, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), as well as IL-10 and expression of TNF-alpha on protein level in right atrial tissue taken before institution of CPB. We measured plasma levels of IL-6, IL-10, lipopolysaccharide binding protein, and cardiac troponin T. Cytokine expression was related to postoperative outcome. RESULTS: Pretreatment with dexamethasone led to a significant decrease in myocardial expression of IL-6, IL-8, IL-1beta, and TNF-alpha messenger RNA and to a decrease in protein synthesis of TNF-alpha. Plasma concentrations of IL-6 were significantly lower and those of IL-10 significantly higher in pretreated patients. This was associated with lower cardiac troponin T values and lower dobutamine requirement. Levels of lipopolysaccharide binding protein were significantly higher postoperatively in pretreated neonates. CONCLUSIONS: Dexamethasone administration before arterial switch operation leads to a shift in the myocardial and systemic cytokine expression profile in neonates with transposition of the great arteries, with downregulation of proinflammatory and upregulation of antiinflammatory cytokines. Lower myocardial cell damage and lower catecholamine requirement suggest myocardial protection in treated patients. [less ▲]

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See detailDexamethasone suppression test and MMPI scales
Ansseau, Marc ULg; Geenen, Vincent ULg; Franck, Georges et al

in Neuropsychobiology (1986), 16

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See detailThe dexamethasone suppression test in violent suicide attempters with major depression.
Pitchot, William ULg; Hansenne, Michel ULg; Gonzalez Moreno, A. et al

in Biological Psychiatry (1995), 37(4), 273-4

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See detailDexamethasone-induced accumulation of a fibronectin and collagen extracellular matrix in transformed human cells.
Furcht, L. T.; Mosher, D. F.; Wendelschafer-Crabb, G. et al

in Nature (1979), 277(5695), 393-5

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See detailThe dexamethasone-induced inhibition of proliferation, migration and invasion in glioma cell lines is antagonized by macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and can be enhanced by specific MIF inhibitors.
Piette, Caroline ULg; Deprez, Manuel ULg; Roger, Th et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2009), 284(47), 32483-92

Glioblastomas (GBMs) are the most frequent and malignant brain tumors in adults. Glucocorticoids (GCs) are routinely used in the treatment of GBMs for their capacity to reduce the tumor-associated edema ... [more ▼]

Glioblastomas (GBMs) are the most frequent and malignant brain tumors in adults. Glucocorticoids (GCs) are routinely used in the treatment of GBMs for their capacity to reduce the tumor-associated edema. Few in vitro studies have suggested that GCs inhibit the migration and invasion of GBM cells through the induction of MAPK phosphatase 1 (MKP-1). Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), an endogenous GC antagonist is up-regulated in GBMs. Recently, MIF has been involved in tumor growth and migration/invasion and specific MIF inhibitors have been developed on their capacity to block its enzymatic tautomerase activity site. In this study, we characterized several glioma cell lines for their MIF production. U373 MG cells were selected for their very low endogenous levels of MIF. We showed that dexamethasone inhibits the migration and invasion of U373 MG cells, through a glucocorticoid receptor (GR)- dependent inhibition of the ERK1/2 MAPK pathway. Oppositely, we found that exogenous MIF increases U373 MG migration and invasion through the stimulation of the ERK1/2 MAP kinase pathway and that this activation is CD74 independent. Finally, we used the Hs 683 glioma cells that are resistant to GCs and produce high levels of endogenous MIF, and showed that the specific MIF inhibitor ISO-1 could restore dexamethasone sensitivity in these cells. Collectively, our results indicate an intricate pathway between MIF expression and GC resistance. They suggest that MIF inhibitors could increase the response of GBMs to corticotherapy. [less ▲]

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See detailLe défi des générations, sous la direction de J. Grand’Maison, L. Baroni et J.-M. Gauthier (compte rendu)
Fournier, Bernard ULg

in Recherches Sociographiques : Revue Pluridisciplinaire d'Etudes sur le Québec et le Canada français. (1999), XL(1)

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See detailDFT studies of solvation effects on the nanosize bare, thiolated and redox active ligated Au55 cluster
Periyasamy, Ganga ULg; Durgun, Engin; Raty, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in Journal of Physical Chemistry C: Nanomaterials, Interfaces, and Hard Matter (2010), Protected Metallic Clusters, Quantum Wells and Metal-Nanocrystal Molecules Symposium

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See detailDG hat niemandem in Flandern geschadet (interview de presse)
Behrendt, Christian ULg

Article for general public (2009)

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See detailDGTs, a complementary tool towards more efficient biomonitoring practices
Richir, Jonathan ULg; Lepoint, Gilles ULg; Donnay, Annick et al

Conference (2015, October 01)

Among the diversity of contaminants, trace elements (TEs) remain of concern because of their persistence, their ability to accumulate in biota and their toxicity. The direct measurement of their dissolved ... [more ▼]

Among the diversity of contaminants, trace elements (TEs) remain of concern because of their persistence, their ability to accumulate in biota and their toxicity. The direct measurement of their dissolved concentrations only gives punctual and fluctuating information, and often remains below detection limits of analytical methods. The more appropriate use of sentinel organisms, or bioindicators, to monitor TEs has thus often been preferred in environmental surveys. The introduction of the diffusive gradients in thin films (DGTs) technique has however participated to progressively change this binary view - bioindicator vs water - of the coastal monitoring of TEs, and DGTs rapidly became a relevant complementary tool to bioindicators, has illustrated below. In the framework of the STARECAPMED project, the ecology and the ecotoxicology of TEs were studied in the seagrass Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile and the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819. DGTs (free- and pore-water probes) were deployed before sampling of organisms. TEs were also analyzed in suspended matter (dissolved and suspended-particulate TE speciation). Studies were performed in the Calvi Bay (Corsica, France), northwestern Mediterranean. TE concentrations in organisms and suspended matter or in DGT resins were measured by DRC-ICP-MS after HNO3/H202 mineralization or after a 24h elution in HNO3 1M, respectively. (1) TE bioaccumulation was first seasonally studied in P. oceanica over 3 years. Dissolved TE concentrations monitored with DGTs were low to very low. TE bioaccumulation dynamics in P. oceanica could thus be linked to the natural physiological cycle of the plant, in clean environmental conditions. (2) To complement that field survey, isolated seagrasses were in situ contaminated with TEs at environmental relevant concentrations. Through the use of DGTs, TE uptake kinetics were modelled for seagrasses exposed to know bioavailable concentrations of contaminants, as were loss kinetics during the following depuration phase. The TE sequestration ability of a healthy P. oceanica meadow facing sudden trace metal contamination events could also be quantified. (3) The deployment of pore-water DGT probes in bare-sand or seagrass colonized sediments further showed that, through its stabilizing function of the seabed, P. oceanica maintained higher TE levels in the pore-water. P. oceanica meadows thus offer a significant “depuration-filtering” ecological service along highly anthropized Mediterranean coasts. M. galloprovincialis are widely used in large spatial scale coastal monitoring surveys. (4) The deployment of caged mussels together with DGTs showed that the little contaminated water body of the Calvi Bay was relatively homogenous. It also allowed to calculate TE bioaccumulation towards mussels in reference conditions, and to compare it to native mussel populations. (5) Finally, during a 5 months mussel caging survey, mussels and suspended matter were collected weekly to monthly, such as were deployed DGTs. The physiological status of mussels, the speciation of TEs between their dissolved and suspended-particulate phases, and their relative influence on TE bioaccumulation dynamics in mussels were investigated. In conclusion, these case studies properly demonstrate how DGT probes can be used as a relevant and complementary tool to bioindicators. Their concomitant use should therefore be privileged in monitoring surveys. [less ▲]

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