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See detailDu XVIIIe siècle à 1918. Vade-mecum du professeur d'histoire accompagnant le manuel d'histoire "Racines du Futur", t. 3
Jadoulle, Jean-Louis ULg; Tihon, André; Delvingt, Michel et al

Book published by Didier Hatier (1995)

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See detailDu Zutisme à Barney Stinson. Perspectives méthodologiques pour une sociologie du parodique
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

Scientific conference (2010, April 28)

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See detailDu « bon usage » de la notion de syncrétisme
Pirenne-Delforge, Vinciane ULg; Motte, André ULg

in Kernos : Revue Internationale et Pluridisciplinaire de Religion Grecque (1994), 7

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See detailDu « capital social » à l’utilité sociale : Petite étude sur le lien social chez les personnes précarisées
Italiano, Patrick ULg

Book published by Editions de l'ULG (2007)

Etude de l'évolution du lien social au cours du parcours de vie de personnes en précarité aiguë

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See detailDu « Prof de gym » au « Prof d’éducation physique »
Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2008)

La problématique récurrente, c'est la manque d'activité physique chez les jeunes. Une réflexion s'impose en collaboration avec les décideurs politiques, les responsables du sport et de l'éducation pour ... [more ▼]

La problématique récurrente, c'est la manque d'activité physique chez les jeunes. Une réflexion s'impose en collaboration avec les décideurs politiques, les responsables du sport et de l'éducation pour favoriser un style de vie plus actif et ainsi démontrer que l'activité physique, dont fait partie le sport, et la santé sont intimement liés. L'exposé est divisé en deux parties: (1) Jeu de questions/réponses avec quatre témoins privilégiés ayant tous plus de ving années d'expérience et qui travaillent dans des contextes très différents (niveau d'enseignement, réseau, types de populations différentes, quartiers populaires, écoles à discrimination positive); (2) Court exposé plus théorique. [less ▲]

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See detailDu “new urbanism » au « new ruralism” : un débat en cours sur de nouvelles visions de l’avenir des campagnes aux Etats-Unis
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Geocarrefour (2008), 83(4), 331-336

The new ruralism is both a new concept developed by researchers, especially in California, and a marketing stuff improved by the new vision of the rurality by a broad segment of the American population ... [more ▼]

The new ruralism is both a new concept developed by researchers, especially in California, and a marketing stuff improved by the new vision of the rurality by a broad segment of the American population. The new ruralism results from the conjunction of the smart growth trend and the researches on sustainable agriculture. The paper comments the state of the art and the first projects based on new ruralism. It scrutinizes the impact on the countryside and challenges the contemporary rural geography. [less ▲]

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See detailDuae exercitationes criticae in Phylarchum
Vanhaegendoren, Koen ULg

in Etudes Classiques (2005), 73(1), 67

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See detailDual activities of galectin-3 in human prostate cancer: tumor suppression of nuclear galectin-3 vs tumor promotion of cytoplasmic galectin-3
Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; Bracke, M.; van den Brule, F. et al

in Oncogene (2004), 23(45), 7527-7536

Galectin-3, a multifunctional lectin, is involved during cancer progression. Previous observations showed that both cytosolic expression and nuclear exclusion of galectin-3 in human prostate cancer cells ... [more ▼]

Galectin-3, a multifunctional lectin, is involved during cancer progression. Previous observations showed that both cytosolic expression and nuclear exclusion of galectin-3 in human prostate cancer cells were associated to progression of the disease. In this study, we examined the biological roles of galectin-3 when expressed either in the nucleus or in the cytosol. LNCaP, a galectin-3-negative human prostate cancer cell line, was used to generate transfectants expressing galectin-3 either in the nucleus or in the cytosol. No changes in cell morphology, proliferation, attachment to laminin-1 or androgen dependency were observed. Cytoplasmic galectin-3 induced significantly increased Matrigel invasion, anchorage-independent growth and in vivo tumor growth and angiogenesis, and decreased inducible apoptosis. Surprisingly, nuclear galectin-3 affected these parameters in an opposite fashion with an overall antitumoral activity. Thus, our study demonstrates that galectin-3 exerts opposite biological activities according to its cellular localization: nuclear galectin-3 plays antitumor functions and cytoplasmic galectin-3 promotes tumor progression. [less ▲]

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See detailDual activity of ruthenium catalysts in controlled radical reactions and olefin metathesis
Delaude, Lionel ULg; Filmon, Karine; Delfosse, Sébastien et al

Conference (2003, May)

The catalytic activity of five ruthenium-arene complexes of the RuCl2(p-cymene)L type was investigated in controlled radical reactions and olefin metathesis. The ligands L were stable Nheterocyclic ... [more ▼]

The catalytic activity of five ruthenium-arene complexes of the RuCl2(p-cymene)L type was investigated in controlled radical reactions and olefin metathesis. The ligands L were stable Nheterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) derived from imidazol-2-ylidene. They differed by the nature of the substituents on the nitrogen atoms (R1) and on the carbon-carbon double bond (R2) of the heterocyclic ring. Thus, R1 was either the mesityl or the cyclohexyl group, and R2 included methyl, hydrogen, or chloro substituents.The complexes were tested as initiators for the Atom Transfer Radical Addition (ATRA) of carbon tetrachloride to methyl methacrylate and styrene, for the Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization (ATRP) of methyl methacrylate and styrene, and for the Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization (ROMP) of cyclooctene. Some species displayed a dual activity and promoted both olefin metathesis and ATRP. [less ▲]

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See detailDual activity of ruthenium catalysts in controlled radical reactions and olefin metathesis
Delaude, Lionel ULg; Delfosse, Sébastien; Richel, Aurore ULg et al

in Imamoglu, Yavuz; Bencze, Laszlo (Eds.) Novel metathesis chemistry: designing well-defined initiator systems for specialty chemical synthesis, tailored polymers and advanced material application (2003)

The catalytic activity of five ruthenium-arene complexes of the RuCl2(p-cymene)L type was investigated in controlled radical reactions and olefin metathesis. The ligands L were stable N-heterocyclic ... [more ▼]

The catalytic activity of five ruthenium-arene complexes of the RuCl2(p-cymene)L type was investigated in controlled radical reactions and olefin metathesis. The ligands L were stable N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) derived from imidazol-2-ylidene. They differed by the nature of the substituents on the nitrogen atoms (R1) and on the carbon-carbon double bond (R2) of the heterocyclic ring. Thus, R1 was either the mesityl or the cyclohexyl group, and R2 included methyl, hydrogen, or chloro substituents. The complexes were tested as initators for the Atom Transfer Radical Addition (ATRA) of carbon tetrachloride to methyl methacrylate and styrene, for the Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization (ATRP) of methyl methacrylate and styrene, and for the Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization (ROMP) of cyclooctene. Some species displayed a dual activity and promoted both olefin metathesis and ATRP. [less ▲]

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See detailDual analysis for finite element solutions of plate bending
Debongnie, Jean-François ULg; Nguyen-Xuan, Hung; Cung, N. H.

in Topping, B. H. V.; Montero, G.; Montenegro, R. (Eds.) Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Computational Structures Technology (2006, September)

This paper presents the application of the dual analysis concept to plate bending. In this method, a same problem is analyzed parallely by a displacement and an equilibrium model. The energetic distance ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the application of the dual analysis concept to plate bending. In this method, a same problem is analyzed parallely by a displacement and an equilibrium model. The energetic distance between these two models is the sum of both global errors and consequently, an upper bound of each of them. After an exposition of the two models, numerical examples are presented, which illustrate the high obtainable accuracy of the method. [less ▲]

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See detailDual analysis with general boundary conditions
Debongnie, Jean-François ULg; Zhong, H. G.; Beckers, Pierre ULg

in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics & Engineering (1995), 122(1-2), 183-192

The dual analysis concept was introduced by Fraeijs de Veubeke [1] as a consequence of upper and lower bounds of the energy. As such bounds exist only in those cases where one type of condition is ... [more ▼]

The dual analysis concept was introduced by Fraeijs de Veubeke [1] as a consequence of upper and lower bounds of the energy. As such bounds exist only in those cases where one type of condition is homogeneous, it is commonly admitted that a dual error measure does not exist with general boundary conditions. This paper presents a re-examination of the dual error measure by a way which avoids any use of upper and lower bounds of the energy. It is found that such an error measure holds whatever the boundary conditions be. Furthermore, it is not necessary to obtain the approximate solutions by a Rayleigh-Ritz process, so that the second analysis, which seemed necessary in the original dual analysis concept, may be replaced by any admissible approximation. This implies the possibility of a dual error measure at a simple post-processor level. [less ▲]

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See detailDual anticancer drug/superparamagnetic iron oxide-loaded PLGA-based nanoparticles for cancer therapy and magnetic resonance imaging
Schleich, N.; Sibret, Pierre ULg; Danhier, P. et al

in International Journal of Pharmaceutics (2013), 447(1-2), 94-101

We developed dual paclitaxel (PTX)/superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-loaded PLGA-based nanoparticles for a theranostic purpose. Nanoparticles presented a spherical morphology and a size of 240 nm. The ... [more ▼]

We developed dual paclitaxel (PTX)/superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-loaded PLGA-based nanoparticles for a theranostic purpose. Nanoparticles presented a spherical morphology and a size of 240 nm. The PTX and iron loading were 1.84 ± 0.4 and 10.4 ± 1.93 mg/100 mg respectively. Relaxometry studies and phantom MRI demonstrated their efficacy as T2 contrast agent. Significant cellular uptake by CT26 cells of nanoparticles was shown by Prussian blue staining and fluorescent microscopy. While SPIO did not show any toxicity in CT-26 cells, PTX-loaded nanoparticles had a cytotoxic activity. PTX-loaded nanoparticle (5 mg/kg) with or without co-encapulated SPIO induced in vivo a regrowth delay of CT26 tumors. Together these multifunctional nanoparticles may be considered as future nanomedicine for simultaneous molecular imaging, drug delivery and real-time monitoring of therapeutic response. [less ▲]

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See detailDual approach for an accurate estimation of pull-in voltage
Rochus, Véronique ULg; Lemaire, Etienne ULg; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg

in Proceedings of the IVth European Conference on Computational Mechanics (ECCM 2010) (2010)

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See detailDual Approach for Electromechanical Coupling in MEMS
Rochus, Véronique ULg; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg

(2009)

In this paper we present an approach for the computation of coupled electromechanical problems in micro-electromechanical systems based on a vector potential formulation of the electrostatic problem. This ... [more ▼]

In this paper we present an approach for the computation of coupled electromechanical problems in micro-electromechanical systems based on a vector potential formulation of the electrostatic problem. This formulation is the dual of the scalar potential approach commonly used in the literature. We present an analytic derivation of the force computed using this dual method based on the virtual work principle, and compare the primal and dual approaches on the finite element solution of simple twodimensional test-cases. [less ▲]

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See detailDual approach using a variant perimeter constraint and efficient sub-iteration scheme for topology optimization
Zhang, Weihong; Duysinx, Pierre ULg

in Computers & Structures (2003), 81(22-23), 2173-2181

To prevent numerical instabilities associated with the mesh-dependence, checkerboards and grey regions in topology optimization, a variant perimeter-constrained version of the SIMP algorithm is proposed ... [more ▼]

To prevent numerical instabilities associated with the mesh-dependence, checkerboards and grey regions in topology optimization, a variant perimeter-constrained version of the SIMP algorithm is proposed using a smooth and quadratic function. In order to have an efficient implementation and to make sure the strict satisfaction of such an upper-bound perimeter constraint, a diagonal quadratic approximation of the perimeter constraint is used in the construction of each explicit optimization subproblem. The latter is then solved by a dual sub-iteration scheme. Numerical results show that the incorporation of such a sub-iteration scheme leads to a convergent solution without needs of move-limits or artificial control parameters. In addition to this, it is found that successive relaxations of the perimeter constraint by increasing the upper-bound tend to regularize the topology solution and result in a checkerboard free and satisfactory design solution without grey regions. [less ▲]

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See detailDual Citizenship and Home-country Voting
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULg

Conference (2010, May 05)

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See detailDual effects of an extra disulfide bond on the activity and stability of a cold-adapted alpha-amylase
D'Amico, Salvino ULg; Gerday, Charles ULg; Feller, Georges ULg

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2002), 277(48), 46110-46115

Chloride-dependent alpha-amylases constitute a well conserved family of enzymes thereby allowing investigation of the characteristics of each member to understand, for example, relevant properties ... [more ▼]

Chloride-dependent alpha-amylases constitute a well conserved family of enzymes thereby allowing investigation of the characteristics of each member to understand, for example, relevant properties required for environmental adaptation. In this context, we have constructed a double mutant (Q58C/A99C) of the cold-active and heat-labile alpha-amylase from the Antarctic bacterium Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis, defined on the basis of its strong similarity with the mesophilic enzyme from pig pancreas. This mutant was characterized to understand the role of an extra disulfide bond specific to warm-blooded animals and located near the entrance of the catalytic cleft. We show that the catalytic parameters of the mutant are drastically modified and similar to those of the mesophilic enzyme. Calorimetric studies demonstrated that the mutant is globally stabilized (DeltaDeltaG = 1.87 kcal/mol at 20 degrees C) when compared with the wild-type enzyme, although the melting point (T-m) was not increased. Moreover, fluorescence quenching experiments indicate a more compact structure for the mutated a-amylase. However, the strain imposed on the active site architecture induces a 2-fold higher thermal inactivation rate at 45 degreesC as well as the appearance of a less stable calorimetric domain. It is concluded that stabilization by the extra disulfide bond arises from an enthalpy-entropy compensation effect favoring the enthalpic contribution. [less ▲]

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See detailDual energy X-ray absorptiometry-based assessment of male patients using standardized bone density values and a national reference database
Goemaere, S.; Vanderschueren, D.; Kaufman, J. M. et al

in Journal of Clinical Densitometry (2007), 10(1, JAN-MAR), 25-33

Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measurements from different manufacturers provide different bone mineral density (BMD) values and derived T-scores and Z-scores. These differences result partly from ... [more ▼]

Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measurements from different manufacturers provide different bone mineral density (BMD) values and derived T-scores and Z-scores. These differences result partly from technical differences in the algorithms for the determination of bone mineral content and bone area and partly from the use of different manufacturer-derived reference databases. The present study was to implement a uniforrn expression of BNID in all male patients by using standardized BMD (sBMD) values and referring to a newly established national male reference sample. In 8 bone densitometry centers throughout Belgium 229 young healthy men were measured on Hologic (Bedford, MA) or GE-Lunar (Madison, WI) bone densitometers. Quality control procedures were implemented and site cross-calibration performed using the European Spine Phantom. Absolute BMD values were converted to standardized values by validated formulas (sBMD). Clinically acceptable between-center differences were noted. No discrepancy was observed in terms of mean sBMD and standard deviations at the lumbar spine and proximal femur between the Belgian and the US reference populations. Region-specific sBMD thresholds for the diagnosis of male osteoporosis were calculated. The current data provide a basis to implement a nation-wide, uniform expression of BMD in male patients and allow harmonization of the BMD-based diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis in men. [less ▲]

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