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See detailDistribution of varicella-zoster virus and herpes simplex virus in disseminated fatal infections
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Delvenne, Philippe ULg; Sadzot-Delvaux, Catherine ULg et al

in Journal of Clinical Pathology (1996), 49(3), 243-248

AIMS: To study the cutaneous and visceral distribution of herpes simplex virus (HSV) and varicella zoster virus (VZV) in fatal infections. METHODS: Standard histology, immunohistochemistry (monoclonal ... [more ▼]

AIMS: To study the cutaneous and visceral distribution of herpes simplex virus (HSV) and varicella zoster virus (VZV) in fatal infections. METHODS: Standard histology, immunohistochemistry (monoclonal antibodies VL8 and VL2 and polyclonal antibody IE63 directed against VZV; monoclonal antibodies IBD4 and HH2 and polyclonal antibodies directed against HSVI and HSVII) and in situ hybridisation (anti-HSV and anti-VZV probes) were applied to formalin fixed, paraffin wax sections. RESULTS: On histological examination, Herpesviridae infection was evident in various organs including the lungs, liver and skin. In addition, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridisation revealed the presence of HSV and VZV antigens and nucleic acids in several cell types and tissues showing no cytopathological alterations suggestive of Herpesviridae infection. The organs with histological evidence of infection also contained VZV or HSV antigens and their genes. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that organ failure in disseminated VZV and HSV infections is primarily caused by HSV or VZV induced cell damage and lysis. They also indicate that immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridisation can provide an accurate, type-specific diagnosis on formalin fixed, paraffin wax embedded tissue even when classic histological and cytological characteristics are lacking. [less ▲]

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See detailDistribution of varicella-zoster virus DNA and gene products in tissues of a first-trimester varicella-infected fetus.
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Delbecque, Katty ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg et al

in Journal of Infectious Diseases (2005), 191(4), 540-5

Precise information about varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection in first-trimester fetuses remains sketchy. After varicella infection was diagnosed in a woman, her 12-week-old fetus was aborted and was ... [more ▼]

Precise information about varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection in first-trimester fetuses remains sketchy. After varicella infection was diagnosed in a woman, her 12-week-old fetus was aborted and was investigated, by histological examination, virus culturing, polymerase chain reaction, in situ hybridization (ISH), and immunohistochemistry (IHC), for the presence of VZV infection. Only the results of the histological examination suggested the presence of alpha -herpesvirus infection, in the gastrointestinal tract and liver; results of ISH were positive for VZV, and results of IHC staining were positive for intermediate early protein 63 (IE63) but negative for glycoprotein E (gE), in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG), meninges, gastrointestinal tract, pancreas, smooth muscle, liver, and placental trophoblast, indicating the presence of a nonproductive, latency-like VZV infection. Only the gastrointestinal tract and liver exhibited simultaneous staining for IE63 and gE, a result suggesting that active replication of VZV was present. In conclusion, widespread nonproductive VZV infection in the absence of histological clues is an early event in VZV infection in fetuses. The observed gene-expression pattern in most tissues resembles that of latent VZV infection in DRG. Latency-like infection in nonneural cell types may potentially reactivate, leading to multifocal necrosis, fibrosis, and dystrophic calcifications, as observed in advanced congenital varicella syndrome. [less ▲]

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See detailDistribution of varicella-zoster virus gpI and gpII and corresponding genome sequences in the skin
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Delvenne, Philippe ULg; Debrus, S. et al

in Journal of Medical Virology (1995), 46(2), 91-96

In the course of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection, some viral capsid antigens are found in the epidermis and dermis. The aim of this study was to investigate the localisation of two major VZV ... [more ▼]

In the course of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection, some viral capsid antigens are found in the epidermis and dermis. The aim of this study was to investigate the localisation of two major VZV glycoproteins (gpI and gpII) and of their respective genes in the skin. The distribution of VZV gpI and II in 27 formalin fixed paraffin embedded skin biopsies from herpes tester eruptions were compared by immunohistochemistry. Double immunostaining was carried our to identify infected cells. The presence of viral nucleic acids coding for gpI and gpII was examined by in situ hybridisation. The distribution of gpI and gpII and their corresponding genome sequences was similar in the epidermis, gpI and gpII were also detected in dermal FXIIIa positive dendrocytes, in Mac 387 and CD68 positive macrophages, and in perineural and endothelial cells. However, the corresponding viral nucleic acids were rarely and barely detected in these cells of the dermis. It is concluded that VZV infection of epithelial cells follows a different course than in dermal cells. (C) 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [less ▲]

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See detailDistribution of vortex lattice melting temperatures in mixed state diagram of Bi2212 tapes
Pekala, M.; Bougrine, Hassan ULg; Gadomski, W. et al

in Physica C (1998), 303(3-4), 169-176

The electrical resistivity in the mixed state of Bi2212 tape superconductors can be accurately reconstructed for values below approximately a half of the normal state value of resistivity, assuming a ... [more ▼]

The electrical resistivity in the mixed state of Bi2212 tape superconductors can be accurately reconstructed for values below approximately a half of the normal state value of resistivity, assuming a Gaussian distribution for the vortex lattice melting temperatures. The magnetic field dependences of the distribution width and of the dB(c2)/dT parameter were calculated. Moreover the vortex liquid viscosity coefficient was determined between the vortex lattice melting temperature and T-c at various magnetic fields. It is pointed out that the vortex lattice melting transition should not be confused with the irreversibility line of magnetic studies nor with the percolation temperature line for electrical resistivity. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B,V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailDistribution patterns and indicator species of butterfly assemblages of wet meadows in southern Belgium
Sawchik, Javier; Dufrêne, Marc ULg; Lebrun, Philippe

in Belgian Journal of Zoology (2005), 135(1), 43-52

Focal species are a valuable tool for proposing and evaluating management practices for biodiversity conservation. Assemblages of indicator species could be used to cover a wide range of habitats. We ... [more ▼]

Focal species are a valuable tool for proposing and evaluating management practices for biodiversity conservation. Assemblages of indicator species could be used to cover a wide range of habitats. We identified the main patterns of variation in butterfly assemblages on a diverse set of wet meadows in southern Belgium. We used multivariate techniques to identify the butterfly assemblages and the species that characterize these habitats. Three main assemblages were identified, based principally on the dominance of five butterfly species : Brenthis ino, Closiana selene, Lycaena helle, Lycaena hippothoe and Proclossiana eunomia. These are indicator species of different habitats structured along a vegetation gradient. This gradient is partially determined by altitude and edaphic factors (base-richness, pH, fertility). We assume that focusing the conservation practices upon these species will promote the preservation of a wide range of organisms inhabiting the wet meadows. [less ▲]

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See detailDistribution patterns of Caprella tavolarensis (Crustacea: Amphipoda) in the Tavolara-Punta Coda Cavallo Marine Protected Area.
Sturaro, Nicolas ULg; Gobert, Sylvie ULg; Lepoint, Gilles ULg et al

in Biologia Marina Mediterranea (2011), 18(1), 290-291

Distribution patterns of Caprella tavolarensis was investigated at the tavolara-punta Coda Cavallo Marine protected area. results revealed that C. tavolarensis abundance may exhibit spatial patterns ... [more ▼]

Distribution patterns of Caprella tavolarensis was investigated at the tavolara-punta Coda Cavallo Marine protected area. results revealed that C. tavolarensis abundance may exhibit spatial patterns associated with the protection status of the zones, highlighting the importance of totally protected areas in species conservation and management. [less ▲]

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See detailLa distribution spatiale des Acanthaceae dans les secteurs phytogéographiques de Ndjele (1988) en RD Congo
Koffi, K J; Boyemba, F; Ndjele, M et al

in Annales de la Faculté des Sciences, Université de Kisangani (2008), 13

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See detailDistribution spatiale et préférences écologiques chez les Diplopodes du sol
Kime, R. D.; Dufrêne, Marc ULg; Wauthy, G. et al

in Mémoires de la Société Royale d'Entomologie de Belgique (1992), 35

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 ULg)
See detailDistribution stratigraphique et géographique d' Hymenozonotriletes lepidophytus Kedo, cf. Hymenozonotriletes pusillites Kedo et des assemblages Tournaisiens.
Streel, Maurice ULg

in Streel, Maurice; Wagner, R.H. (Eds.) Colloque sur la Stratigraphie du Carbonifère, (1971)

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See detailDistribution, leaching and flux measurements of contaminants in the vadose zone of industrial contaminated sites: a review
Fernandez de Vera, Natalia ULg; Vanclooster, Marnik; Brouyère, Serge ULg

Report (2012)

This document is a review of state of science regarding flux measurement technologies in the vadose zone. Initially, a description of distribution and leaching of inorganic contaminants in the vadose zone ... [more ▼]

This document is a review of state of science regarding flux measurement technologies in the vadose zone. Initially, a description of distribution and leaching of inorganic contaminants in the vadose zone is provided. Such description is followed by a review of vadose zone techniques that are applied for measuring contaminant fluxes. At the end of the document the applicability of such techniques to industrial contaminated sites is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailDistribution, origin and cycling of carbon in the Tana River (Kenya): a dry season basin-scale survey from headwaters to the delta
Bouillon, S.; Abril, G.; Borges, Alberto ULg et al

in Biogeosciences (2009), 6

The Tana River basin (TRB) is the largest in Kenya (_120 000 km2). We conducted a survey during the dry season throughout the TRB, analyzing a broad suite of biogeochemical parameters. Biogeochemical ... [more ▼]

The Tana River basin (TRB) is the largest in Kenya (_120 000 km2). We conducted a survey during the dry season throughout the TRB, analyzing a broad suite of biogeochemical parameters. Biogeochemical signatures in headwater streams were highly variable. Along the middle and lower river course, total suspended matter (TSM) concentrations increased more than 30-fold despite the absence of tributary inputs, indicating important resuspension events of internally stored sediment. These resuspended sediment inputs were characterized by a lower and 14C-depleted OC content, suggesting selective degradation of more recent material during sediment retention. Masinga Dam (a large reservoir on the upper river) induced a strong nutrient retention (_50% for inorganic N, _72% for inorganic phosphate, and _40% for dissolved silicate). Moreover, while DOC pools and _13C signatures were similar above, in and below the reservoir, the POC pool in Masinga surface waters was dominated by 13C-depleted phytoplankton, which contributed to the riverine POC pool immediately below the dam, but rapidly disappeared further downstream, suggesting rapid remineralization of this labile C pool in the river system. Despite the generally high turbidity, the combination of relatively high oxygen saturation levels, low _18O signatures of dissolved O2 (all <+24.2‰), and the relatively low pCO2 values suggest that in-stream primary production was significant, even though pigment data suggest that phytoplankton makes only a minor contribution to the total POC pool in the Tana River. [less ▲]

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See detailA distribution-free joint test and one-directional robust tests for random individual effects and heteroscedasticity allowing for unbalanced panels
Lejeune, Bernard ULg

Conference (1999, August 29)

This paper proposes a convenient testing procedure designed for detecting, from preliminary (pooled) OLS estimation of the model, the possible simultaneous presence of indivi-dual effects and ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a convenient testing procedure designed for detecting, from preliminary (pooled) OLS estimation of the model, the possible simultaneous presence of indivi-dual effects and heteroscedasticity in the error of a linear panel data regression model. The proposed testing procedure consists in (1) a distribution-free and allowing for unbalanced panel joint pseudo-LM test of the null of no individual effect and no heteroscedasticity and (2) a BMCP based on distribution-free and again allowing for unbalanced panel robust one-directional pseudo-LM tests for identifying the source(s) of departure from the joint null when it is rejected. An empirical example illustrates the usefulness of the testing procedure. [less ▲]

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See detailA distribution-free joint test for random individual effects and heteroscedasticity allowing for incomplete panels
Lejeune, Bernard ULg

Conference (1999, June 04)

This paper proposes a convenient testing procedure designed for detecting, from preliminary (pooled) OLS estimation of the model, the possible simultaneous presence of individual effects and ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a convenient testing procedure designed for detecting, from preliminary (pooled) OLS estimation of the model, the possible simultaneous presence of individual effects and heteroscedasticity in the error of a linear panel data regression model. The proposed testing procedure consists in (1) a distribution-free and allowing for unbalanced panel joint pseudo-LM test of the null of no individual effect and no heteroscedasticity and (2) a BMCP based on distribution-free and again allowing for unbalanced panel robust one-directional pseudo-LM tests for identifying the source(s) of departure from the joint null when it is rejected. An empirical example illustrates the usefulness of the testing procedure. [less ▲]

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See detailDistributions des valeurs extrêmes
Donneau, Anne-Françoise ULg

Master's dissertation (2002)

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See detailThe distributions of the OH (Δv=1) and (Δv=2) emissions on the Venus nightside
Soret, Lauriane ULg; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Piccioni, Giuseppe et al

Conference (2010, September)

The presence of OH was detected in the spectrum of the Venus mesosphere observed at the limb with the VIRTIS instrument on board the Venus Express spacecraft [3]. The (1-0) and (2-1) transitions at 2.80 ... [more ▼]

The presence of OH was detected in the spectrum of the Venus mesosphere observed at the limb with the VIRTIS instrument on board the Venus Express spacecraft [3]. The (1-0) and (2-1) transitions at 2.80 and 2.94 mm, respectively and the (2-0) band at 1.43 mm were clearly identified. The results of this study show that a correlation is observed between the emissions associated to the Δv=1 and the Δv=2 sequences. [less ▲]

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See detailThe distributions of the OH Meinel and O[SUB][/SUB](a[SUP]1[/SUP]Δ-X[SUP]3[/SUP]Σ) nightglow emissions in the Venus mesosphere based on VIRTIS observations
Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Soret, Lauriane ULg; Saglam, Adem ULg et al

in Advances in Space Research (2010), 45

O[SUB][/SUB](a[SUP]1[/SUP]Δ) and recently discovered OH Meinel nightglow emissions have been observed at the limb with the Visible and Infrared Thermal Imaging Spectrometer (VIRTIS-M) instrument on board ... [more ▼]

O[SUB][/SUB](a[SUP]1[/SUP]Δ) and recently discovered OH Meinel nightglow emissions have been observed at the limb with the Visible and Infrared Thermal Imaging Spectrometer (VIRTIS-M) instrument on board the Venus Express satellite. Hydroxyl bands belonging to Δv=1 sequence between 2.60and3.14μm and to Δv=2 sequence at 1.40-1.46μm have been unambiguously identified. In this study, we analyze the statistical distribution of the Δv=1 OH Meinel band sequence and the a[SUP]1[/SUP]Δ[SUB]g[/SUB]-X[SUP]3[/SUP]Σ (0-0) band of the O[SUB][/SUB] Infrared Atmospheric bands at 1.27 μm. We also present an analysis of the correlation between the two emissions. From a statistical point of view, we find that the limb intensity of both emissions reach their maximum value near the antisolar point, while they are significantly dimmer in the vicinity of the terminator. The average altitude of the limb emissions peaks are 95.3 ± 3 km and 96 ± 2.7 km, respectively for the OH Δv=1 sequence and O[SUB][/SUB](a[SUP]1[/SUP]Δ) emissions. The average intensities are 0.41 ± 0.37 MR and 28 ± 22 MR, respectively, corresponding to a mean ratio of about 70. The altitude of the OH nightglow layer is closely related to that of the O[SUB][/SUB](a[SUP]1[/SUP]Δ) emission and some level of co-variation of the maximum intensity along the line of sight is observed. It is suggested that the global subsolar to antisolar circulation plays a key in the control of both airglows by carrying oxygen atoms from the day to the night side of the planet. The O atoms recombine to produce O[SUB][/SUB](a[SUP]1[/SUP]Δ) molecules and they also act as precursors of ozone whose reaction with H produces excited hydroxyl. [less ▲]

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