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See detailThe double Ionization of Ammonia. Its Dissociation into the Doubly Ionized Fragment N2+.
Locht, Robert ULg; Momigny, J.

in Chemical Physics Letters (1987), 138(5), 391-396

The double ionization and dissociation of NH3 into the doubly ionized fragment N2+ is investigated by electron impact. Two double ionization energies of NH3 are directly measured at 34.8+/-0.2 eV and 39.4 ... [more ▼]

The double ionization and dissociation of NH3 into the doubly ionized fragment N2+ is investigated by electron impact. Two double ionization energies of NH3 are directly measured at 34.8+/-0.2 eV and 39.4+/-0.5 eV. A third critical energy observed at 66 eV is assigned to a (NH3)2+ state whose ionization energy is at 61 eV. Two appearance energies are observed for the N2+ ion at 65.9+/-1.7 eV and 74.3+/-2.6 eV. The translational energy distribution of N2+ is shown to be essentially thermal. The former onset is ascribed to the dissociation of the 61 eV state of (NH3)2+, the latter originates from the doubly ionized (NH3)2+ state at 70 eV. [less ▲]

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See detailLe double jeu des mémoires. Jorge Semprun, l'expérience concentrationnaire et la littérature engagée
Denis, Benoît ULg

in Cahiers Internationaux de Symbolisme (2009), (122-123-124), 119-132

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See detailLe double jeu libertin : du jeu de Blaise Pascal aux Considérations politiques sur les coups d’État de Gabriel Naudé
Decoster, Sara ULg

in Küpper, Achim; Vanden Berghe, Kristine (Eds.) Guerre et jeu : perspectives transversales sur un sujet historique, artistique et culturel à l'époque moderne (2014)

Dans cette conférence, nous nous proposons de déceler les éléments ludiques dans les Considérations politiques sur les coups d’estat (1639) de Gabriel Naudé. Pour ce faire, nous essaierons d’abord de ... [more ▼]

Dans cette conférence, nous nous proposons de déceler les éléments ludiques dans les Considérations politiques sur les coups d’estat (1639) de Gabriel Naudé. Pour ce faire, nous essaierons d’abord de dresser une anthropologie du jeu, sur base des travaux de J. Huizinga et R. Caillois, avant de rejoindre la philosophie wittgensteinienne sur le sujet. Le travail de Naudé étant fortement marqué par son contexte historique, nous avons effectué un rapprochement avec la théorie du divertissement de Pascal, telle que celle-ci apparaît dans les Pensées. Cet examen s’appuie notamment sur les Commentaires d'Henri Gouhier et sur les analyses de Colas Duflo (Le jeu : de Pascal à Schiller). De cette théorie du jeu découle une vision politique très particulière, théorisée par Christian Lazzeri et Gérard Ferreyrolles. La politique est le jeu destiné à organiser la société terrestre, où la loi s’appuie sur la force. Ces idées sont poussées à leur paroxysme dans les Considérations politiques sur les coups d’estat naudéennes. A travers l’exemple du massacre de la Saint-Barthélemy, que Naudé décrit, nous pouvons dégager en quoi consiste le jeu de Naudé : il s’agit d’un espace réglé, qui ne se définit toutefois qu’à posteriori. Le hasard et l’aspect jouissif du secret jouent un rôle important dans la pensée de Naudé. Ainsi se développe un jeu de rôles étrange entre les différents acteurs : le souverain, le peuple, et le philosophe. Les règles du jeu se complexifient, et, finalement, la position des différents pions sur l’échiquier ne sera plus très claire. Cette duplicité est caractéristique du libertinage, dont Naudé est un représentant important. [less ▲]

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See detailThe double life of the Ku protein: facing the DNA breaks and the extracellular environment.
Muller, Catherine; Paupert, Jenny ULg; Monferran, Sylvie et al

in Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.) (2005), 4(3), 438-41

The Ku heterodimer (Ku70/Ku80) plays a central role in DNA double strand break recognition and repair. It has been shown, more than ten years ago, that Ku is also expressed at the cell surface of ... [more ▼]

The Ku heterodimer (Ku70/Ku80) plays a central role in DNA double strand break recognition and repair. It has been shown, more than ten years ago, that Ku is also expressed at the cell surface of different cells types along with its intracellular pool within the nucleus and the cytoplasm but involvement of Ku in cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix adhesion has been only recently demonstrated. In addition, we have shown that Ku may have a second and unexpected activity in cell/microenvironment interaction. Indeed, Ku appears to be involved in extracellular proteolytic processes through its specific interaction, on the cell surface, with the matrix metalloprotease 9. Taken together, these results suggest that Ku function at the cell surface is likely to be important in tumour invasion. Various fundamental questions arise from these observations. How Ku is expressed on the cell surface, why a protein with completely unrelated functions also serve as an integrin-like molecule once expressed at the cell surface and is this functional moonlighting of Ku related to cell transformation remain open issues that will be discussed here. [less ▲]

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See detailDouble manquement et sanctions financières des Etats (article 228, § 2 CE) : le point après quinze ans
Wildemeersch, Jonathan ULg; Wathelet, Melchior ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2008), (3), 324-345

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See detailLa double motivation : l’emprise d’Homère et d’Euripide sur l’imagerie de Grande-Grèce
Morard, Thomas ULg

in Estienne, Sylvie; Huet, Valérie; Lissarrague, François (Eds.) et al FIGVRA XIV – Construire le divin en images (in press)

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See detailDouble Objective Economic Statistical Design of the VPT2 Control Chart: Wald’s identity approach
Faraz, Alireza ULg; Heuchenne, Cédric ULg; Saniga, Erwin et al

in Journal of Statistical Computation & Simulation (2014), 84

Recent studies have shown that applying the control chart by using a variable parameters (VP) scheme yields more rapid detection of assignable causes than the classical method of taking fixed sample sizes ... [more ▼]

Recent studies have shown that applying the control chart by using a variable parameters (VP) scheme yields more rapid detection of assignable causes than the classical method of taking fixed sample sizes at fixed intervals of time. In this paper, the problem of economical statistical design of the VP T2 control chart is considered as a double-objective minimization problem with the statistical objective adjusted average time to signal and the economic objective expected cost per hour. Then we strive to find the Pareto-optimal designs in which the two objectives are met simultaneously by using a multi-objective Genetic Algorithm or GA. Through an illustrative example, we show that relatively large benefits accrue to the VP method relative to the classical policy; further another advantage of our approach is to provide a list of alternative solutions that can be explored graphically. This then ensures flexibility and adaptability, an important attribute of contemporary control chart design. [less ▲]

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See detailDouble radial immunodiffusion as a tool to identify pregnancy-associated glycoproteins in ruminant and nonruminant placentae
El Amiri, B.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Mecif, K. et al

in Theriogenology (2003), 59(5-6), 1291-1301

Pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs) are antigens synthesized in the superficial layers of the ruminant trophoblast. Initially, they were identified either as proteins released into the maternal ... [more ▼]

Pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs) are antigens synthesized in the superficial layers of the ruminant trophoblast. Initially, they were identified either as proteins released into the maternal bloodstream (where they have applications in pregnancy diagnosis) (PAG1) or as molecules binding to the LH receptor (PAG2). In this study, double radial immunodiffusion was used to test the ability of antisera raised against different PAG molecules (bovine, ovine and caprine) to react with placental extracts from nonruminants (rabbit, cat, mouse, pig, and wild pig) and ruminants (cow, ewe, and goat). Placental extracts from all nonruminants tested except rabbit reacted with anti bovine PAG2 (anti-boPAG2). Extracts of ruminant placentas reacted with different antisera, confirming the expression of various PAG molecules. According to the time at which the placentas were collected (early or middle pregnancy), the reaction differed as regards the thickness, position, and number of precipitation lines, suggesting that PAG expression varies as pregnancy progresses. Bos indicus and Bos taurus placental extracts exhibited different reactions with anti-boPAG2: a single precipitation line in the former case and two lines in the latter. This suggests differential expression of boPAG2 related glycoproteins in these two subspecies. [less ▲]

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See detailDouble stigmatisation dans la maladie d'Alzheimer
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Scientific conference (2012, November 15)

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See detailDouble stigmatisation dans la maladie d'Alzheimer: Impact pour les patients et leurs proches
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2013)

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See detailDouble stigmatisation en oncogériatrie
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Scientific conference (2012, October 05)

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See detailDouble stigmatization influence in oncogeriatry
Schroyen, Sarah ULg; Adam, Stéphane ULg; JERUSALEM, Guy ULg et al

in Psycho-oncology (2014, October 24)

Introduction Cancer is a major health problem widespread in elderly, which is inscribed in ageism context1. Negative influence of the vision that older people possess on aging on mental and physical ... [more ▼]

Introduction Cancer is a major health problem widespread in elderly, which is inscribed in ageism context1. Negative influence of the vision that older people possess on aging on mental and physical health2 is well established within “normal” aging. Consequently, we can ask ourselves what consequences age stigmas have in the realm of oncogeriatry. Moreover, cancerous patients face pathology-related stigmas because nowadays cancer still conveys a lot of negative representations. Method A group of 120 patients aged of 65 years old and more suffering from cancer (lung, breast or gynecological) will be followed during one year (0-3-6-12 months). Different instruments measuring quality of life, depression, symptoms, etc. are used as well as questions about their vision of aging and of cancer. Clinical parameters (weight, biologicals values, comorbidity…) are recorded too. Currently, we have 63 patients (31 breast cancer, 14 gynecological cancer and 18 lung cancer with distinction between smokers and non-smokers). Our analysis is only on the baseline at this moment, without any distinction between kinds of cancers. Results Double ANOVAs were used to analyze the data. A positive vision of aging is linked to a lower level of depression in comparison to a negative vision of aging (p = .04). Vision of pathology approach significance: less depression when vision is positive (p = .077). Concerning daily functioning (physical, emotional, social...), a positive vision of aging is related to a better functioning (p = .03) whereas vision of pathology has no effect. Eventually, a positive vision of aging and of cancer is related to a better quality of life (respectively p=.02, p=.002). Concerning clinical parameters, no results are observed. Conclusion These first results suggest that the vision patients have themselves of the age and of cancer is in relation with subjective mental and physical health. As we observe influence on vision of aging as well as pathology, we can talk about “double stigmatization”. Needless to say, more studies are needed to analyze the direction of these observation and longitudinal data analysis could bring some answers: is stigmatization provoke a less good mental and physical health or is it because I have health problem that I have a negative vision of aging and of my disease? 1. Penson, R. T., et al. (2004). The Oncologist, 9, 343-352. 2. Levy, B. (2009). Curr Dir Psychol Sci, 18, 332-336. [less ▲]

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See detailDouble sweep preconditioner for optimized Schwarz methods applied to the Helmholtz problem
Vion, Alexandre ULg; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg

in Journal of Computational Physics (2014), 266

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See detailDouble sweep preconditioner for Schwarz methods applied to the Helmholtz equation
Vion, Alexandre ULg; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg

in Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Domain Decomposition Methods (2013, September)

Observing that the optimized Schwarz algorithm is equivalent to the solution of a linear system, we design a new preconditioner as an approximate inverse of the iteration operator, in the particular case ... [more ▼]

Observing that the optimized Schwarz algorithm is equivalent to the solution of a linear system, we design a new preconditioner as an approximate inverse of the iteration operator, in the particular case of a layered decomposi- tion. We show that it can be rewritten as two independent sequences of subproblem solves (forward and back- ward), hence the name ‘double sweep’. The whole algorithm is implemented as a matrix-free GMRES iteration, that requires no more additional preprocessing than the original algorithm. Numerical experiments indicate that the convergence rate is independent of the wavenumber and number of subdomains when good approximations of the DtN maps are used, in both homogeneous and non-homogeneous cases. [less ▲]

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See detailDouble Sweep Preconditioners for propagation problems solved by Optimized Schwarz Methods
Vion, Alexandre ULg; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg

in Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Advanced COmputational Methods in ENgineering, ACOMEN 2014 (2014, June)

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See detailDouble thermo-responsive hydrogels from poly(vinylcaprolactam) containing diblock and triblock copolymers
Thomassin, Jean-Michel ULg; Mathieu, Kevin ULg; Kermagoret, Anthony ULg et al

in Polymer Chemistry (2015), 6(10), 1856-1864

The thermally-induced gelation and gel properties of concentrated aqueous solutions of double thermoresponsive poly(N-vinylamide)-based di- and triblock copolymers are studied by rheology. The copolymers ... [more ▼]

The thermally-induced gelation and gel properties of concentrated aqueous solutions of double thermoresponsive poly(N-vinylamide)-based di- and triblock copolymers are studied by rheology. The copolymers under investigation, prepared by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization and coupling reactions, are composed of poly(vinylcaprolactam) (PNVCL) blocks and of a statistical poly(vinylcaprolactam-stat-vinylpyrrolidone) segment with a cloud point temperature (TCP) higher than that of PNVCL. Heating the di- and triblock solutions beyond the first phase transition temperature favors gel formation while heating above the second TCP leads to opaque gels without macroscopic demixing. Moduli of the triblock hydrogels are systematically higher than those of the corresponding diblocks, even above the second transition. Rheological data suggest distinct micellar structures for each copolymer architecture: densely packed micelles of diblocks and 3-D networks of bridged micelles for triblocks. Strain sweep experiments also emphasize the positive effect of the micelle bridging on the elasticity and stability of the hydrogels. The formation and properties of the obtained gels are also shown to depend on the copolymer concentration, block length, and composition. Addition of salt also allows us to tune the phase transition temperatures of these double thermoresponsive hydrogels. [less ▲]

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See detailDouble thermoresponsive di- and triblock copolymers based on N-vinylcaprolactam and N-vinylpyrrolidone: synthesis and comparative study of solution behaviour
Kermagoret, Anthony ULg; Mathieu, Kevin ULg; Thomassin, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Polymer Chemistry (2014), 5(22), 6534-6544

Poly(N-vinylcaprolactam) (PNVCL) and poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) (PNVP) are water soluble polymers of interest especially in the biomedical field. Moreover, PNVCL is characterized by a lower critical ... [more ▼]

Poly(N-vinylcaprolactam) (PNVCL) and poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) (PNVP) are water soluble polymers of interest especially in the biomedical field. Moreover, PNVCL is characterized by a lower critical solution temperature close to 36 °C in water, which makes it useful for the design of thermoresponsive systems. In this context, we used the cobalt-mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) and reaction coupling (CMRC) for synthesizing a series of well-defined NVCL and NVP-based copolymers, including statistical copolymers as well as double thermoresponsive diblocks and triblocks. Dynamic light scattering and turbidimetry analyses highlighted the crucial impact of the copolymer composition and architecture on the cloud point temperature (TCP) of each segment and also their influence on the multistep assembly behaviour of block copolymers. Addition of NaCl enabled us to adjust the inter-TCP range of the di- and triblock in which selective precipitation of one block and self-assembly of the copolymer were favoured. Overall, data presented here provide a basis for the synthesis of a broad range of NVCL/NVP based copolymer architectures with a tunable thermal response in water. [less ▲]

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