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See detailDeletion of a cyclic AMP receptor protein homologue diminishes germination and affects morphological development of Streptomyces coelicolor
Derouaux, Adeline ULg; Halici, S.; Nothaft, H. et al

in Journal of Bacteriology (2004), 186(6), 1893-1897

Open reading frame SCO3571 of Streptomyces coelicolor encodes a protein of the cyclic AMP (cAMP) receptor protein (CRP) superfamily of regulatory proteins. A mutant revealed a dramatic defect in ... [more ▼]

Open reading frame SCO3571 of Streptomyces coelicolor encodes a protein of the cyclic AMP (cAMP) receptor protein (CRP) superfamily of regulatory proteins. A mutant revealed a dramatic defect in germination, followed by growth delay and earlier sporulation. This phenotype correlates with those of an adenylate cyclase (cya) mutant that cannot synthesize cAMP. This finding suggests that S. coelicolor may use a Cya-cAMP-CRP system to trigger complex physiological processes such as morphogenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailDeletion of cysteine cathepsins B or L yields differential impacts on murine skin proteome and degradome
Tholen, Stefan; Biniossek, Martin L; Gansz, Martina et al

in Molecular & Cellular Proteomics (2013), 12(3), 611-25

Numerous studies highlight that concerted proteolysis is essential for skin morphology and function. The cysteine protease cathepsin L (Ctsl) has been implicated in epidermal proliferation and ... [more ▼]

Numerous studies highlight that concerted proteolysis is essential for skin morphology and function. The cysteine protease cathepsin L (Ctsl) has been implicated in epidermal proliferation and desquamation as well as in hair cycle regulation. In stark contrast, mice deficient for cathepsin B (Ctsb) do not display an overt skin phenotype. To understand the systematic consequences of deleting Ctsb or Ctsl, we determined protein abundances of > 1300 proteins and proteolytic cleavage events in skin samples of wild-type, Ctsb-/- and Ctsl-/- mice by mass spectrometry based proteomics. Both protease deficiencies revealed distinct quantitative changes in proteome composition. Ctsl-/- skin revealed increased levels of the cysteine protease inhibitors cystatin B and cystatin M/E, increased cathepsin D and accumulation of the extracellular glycoprotein periostin. Immunohistochemistry located periostin predominantly in hypodermal connective tissue of Ctsl-/- skin. Proteomic identification of proteolytic cleavage sites within skin proteins revealed numerous processing sites that are underrepresented in Ctsl-/- or Ctsb-/- samples. Notably, few of the affected cleavage sites shared the canonical Ctsl or Ctsb specificity, providing further evidence for a complex proteolytic network in the skin. Novel processing sites in proteins such as dermokine and Notch-1 were detected. Simultaneous analysis of acetylated protein N-termini showed prototypical mammalian N-alpha acetylation. These results illustrate an influence of both Ctsb and Ctsl on the murine skin proteome and degradome with the phenotypic consequences of the absence of either protease differing considerably. [less ▲]

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See detailDeletion of exons 1-3 of the MEN1 gene in a large Italian family causes the loss of menin expression.
Zatelli, Maria Chiara; Tagliati, Federico; Di Ruvo, Mauro et al

in Familial cancer (2014)

Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) syndrome is an autosomal dominant disease, characterized by parathyroid adenomas, endocrine gastroenteropancreatic tumors and pituitary adenomas, due to ... [more ▼]

Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) syndrome is an autosomal dominant disease, characterized by parathyroid adenomas, endocrine gastroenteropancreatic tumors and pituitary adenomas, due to inactivating mutations of the MEN1 gene (chromosome 11q13). MEN1 mutations are mainly represented by nonsense, deletions/insertions, splice site or missense mutations that can be detected by direct sequencing of genomic DNA. However, MEN1 patients with large heterozygous deletions may escape classical genetic screening and may be misidentified as phenocopies, thereby hindering proper clinical surveillance. We employed a real-time polymerase chain reaction application, the TaqMan copy number variation assay, to evaluate a family in which we failed to identify an MEN1 mutation by direct sequencing, despite a clear clinical diagnosis of MEN1 syndrome. Using the TaqMan copy number variation assay we identified a large deletion of the MEN1 gene involving exons 1 and 2, in three affected family members, but not in the other nine family members that were to date clinically unaffected. The same genetic alteration was not found in a group of ten unaffected subjects, without family history of endocrine tumors. The MEN1 deletion was further confirmed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, which showed the deletion extended from exon 1 to exon 3. This new approach allowed us to correctly genetically diagnose three clinical MEN1 patients that were previously considered as MEN1 phenocopies. More importantly, we excluded the presence of genetic alterations in the unaffected family members. These results underline the importance of using a variety of available biotechnology approaches when pursuing a genetic diagnosis in a clinically suggestive setting of inherited endocrine cancer. [less ▲]

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See detailDeletion of LCE3C and LCE3B is a susceptibility factor for psoriatic arthritis: a study in Spanish and Italian populations and meta-analysis.
Docampo Martinez, Elisa ULg; Giardina, Emiliano; Riveira-Munoz, Eva et al

in Arthritis and rheumatism (2011), 63(7), 1860-5

OBJECTIVE: The LCE3C_LCE3B-del variant is associated with psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis. Its role in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is unclear, however, as shown by 3 recent studies with contradictory ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: The LCE3C_LCE3B-del variant is associated with psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis. Its role in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is unclear, however, as shown by 3 recent studies with contradictory results. In order to investigate whether LCE3C_LCE3B-del constitutes a risk factor for PsA susceptibility, we first tested this variant in patients with PsA from Spanish and Italian populations and then performed a meta-analysis including the previous case-control studies. METHODS: We genotyped LCE3C_LCE3B-del and its tag single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs4112788, in an original discovery cohort of 424 Italian patients with PsA and 450 unaffected control subjects. A Spanish replication cohort consisting of 225 patients with PsA and 469 control subjects was also genotyped. A meta-analysis considering 7,758 control subjects and 2,325 patients with PsA was also performed. RESULTS: We observed a significant association between PsA and the LCE3C_LCE3B-del tag SNP in the Italian and Spanish cohorts, with an overall corrected P value of 0.00019 and a corresponding odds ratio of 1.35 (95% confidence interval 1.14-1.59). Stratified analyses by subphenotype indicated a stronger association for patients with oligoarticular disease. Meta-analysis including data from all previous published studies confirmed an association of PsA with the LCE3C_LCE3B-del tag SNP. CONCLUSION: LCE3C_LCE3B-del is a susceptibility factor for PsA, confirming the existence of a shared risk factor involving the epidermal skin barrier in autoimmune disorders. [less ▲]

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See detailDeletion of Melanin-Concentrating Hormone Receptor-1 gene accentuates D-amphetamine-induced psychomotor activation but neither the subsequent development of sensitization nor the expression of conditioned activity in mice
Tyhon, Amélie ULg; Lakaye, Bernard ULg; Grisar, Thierry ULg et al

in Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior (2008), 88

The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that mice lacking the MCHR1 receptor (Melanin-Concentrating Hormone Receptor-1) present an elevated vulnerability towards the neurobehavioural effects of D ... [more ▼]

The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that mice lacking the MCHR1 receptor (Melanin-Concentrating Hormone Receptor-1) present an elevated vulnerability towards the neurobehavioural effects of D-amphetamine, presumably due to previously established up-regulations of dopamine D1 receptors in these mice. We examined the psychomotor effects of five once-daily injections of 1.5 and 3 mg/kg D-amphetamine (i.p.) or ten once-daily injections of 2.25 mg/kg D-amphetamine in knockout (KO) mice lacking the MCHR1 receptor. The first injection of Damphetamine induced a greater psychomotor response amongst the KO mice at 2.25 and 3.0 mg/kg. On all subsequent D-amphetamine injections, KO mice still showed greater levels of psychomotor activity than the WT mice, but with no between-genotype difference in the rate of development of sensitization (similar slopes of the curves). Furthermore, 24 h after the last injection of 2.25 mg/kg D-amphetamine both genotypes exhibited a significant post-sensitization conditioned activity. Thus, MCHR1 receptors are likely not deeply involved in the mechanisms of induction of sensitization and related conditioned activity induced by D-amphetamine, albeit our results confirm a contribution of these receptors to the mechanisms of the acute effects of that drug, possibly via an inhibitory action on the dopaminergic mesolimbic system. Our results do not support the hypothesis of a functional contribution of MCHR1 receptors to the addictive effects of D-amphetamine [less ▲]

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See detailDeletion of Murid Herpesvirus 4 ORF63 Affects the Trafficking of Incoming Capsids toward the Nucleus.
Latif, Muhammad Bilal ULg; Machiels, Bénédicte ULg; Xiao, Xue ULg et al

in Journal of virology (2016), 90(5), 2455-72

Gammaherpesviruses are important human and animal pathogens. Despite the fact that they display the classical architecture of herpesviruses, the function of most of their structural proteins is still ... [more ▼]

Gammaherpesviruses are important human and animal pathogens. Despite the fact that they display the classical architecture of herpesviruses, the function of most of their structural proteins is still poorly defined. This is especially true for tegument proteins. Interestingly, a potential role in immune evasion has recently been proposed for the tegument protein encoded by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus open reading frame 63 (ORF63). To gain insight about the roles of ORF63 in the life cycle of a gammaherpesvirus, we generated null mutations in the ORF63 gene of murid herpesvirus 4 (MuHV-4). We showed that disruption of ORF63 was associated with a severe MuHV-4 growth deficit both in vitro and in vivo. The latter deficit was mainly associated with a defect of replication in the lung but did not affect the establishment of latency in the spleen. From a functional point of view, inhibition of caspase-1 or the inflammasome did not restore the growth of the ORF63-deficient mutant, suggesting that the observed deficit was not associated with the immune evasion mechanism identified previously. Moreover, this growth deficit was also not associated with a defect in virion egress from the infected cells. In contrast, it appeared that MuHV-4 ORF63-deficient mutants failed to address most of their capsids to the nucleus during entry into the host cell, suggesting that ORF63 plays a role in capsid movement. In the future, ORF63 could therefore be considered a target to block gammaherpesvirus infection at a very early stage of the infection. IMPORTANCE: The important diseases caused by gammaherpesviruses in human and animal populations justify a better understanding of their life cycle. In particular, the role of most of their tegument proteins is still largely unknown. In this study, we used murid herpesvirus 4, a gammaherpesvirus infecting mice, to decipher the role of the protein encoded by the viral ORF63 gene. We showed that the absence of this protein is associated with a severe growth deficit both in vitro and in vivo that was mainly due to impaired migration of viral capsids toward the nucleus during entry. Together, our results provide new insights about the life cycle of gammaherpesviruses and could allow the development of new antiviral strategies aimed at blocking gammaherpesvirus infection at the very early stages. [less ▲]

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See detailDeletion of six ORFs from chromosome X
Vandenbol, Micheline ULg; Hilger, François; Portetelle, Daniel ULg

Poster (1997)

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See detailDeletion of six ORFs from chromosome X
Vandenbol, Micheline ULg; Hilger, F.; Portetelle, Daniel ULg

in Second Eurofan Meeting (1997)

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See detailDeletion of the 5'-ABL region: a recurrent anomaly detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization in about 10% of Philadelphia-positive chronic myeloid leukaemia patients.
Herens, Christian ULg; Tassin, Françoise ULg; Lemaire, Véronique ULg et al

in British Journal of Haematology (2000), 110(1), 214-6

Inclusion of the BCR-ABL ES probe in routine cytogenetics led to the identification of a subgroup of Philadelphia positive (Ph+) chronic myeloid leukaemia patients characterized by a 5'-ABL deletion. This ... [more ▼]

Inclusion of the BCR-ABL ES probe in routine cytogenetics led to the identification of a subgroup of Philadelphia positive (Ph+) chronic myeloid leukaemia patients characterized by a 5'-ABL deletion. This anomaly was observed in 5/51 cases (9.8%). Cytological and clinical data suggest that the 5'-ABL deletion may be associated with dysplastic features of polymorphonuclear cells and metamyelocytes and a short chronic phase duration. [less ▲]

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See detailDeletion of the late cornified envelope genes, LCE3C and LCE3B, is associated with rheumatoid arthritis.
Docampo Martinez, Elisa ULg; Rabionet, Raquel; Riveira-Munoz, Eva et al

in Arthritis and rheumatism (2010), 62(5), 1246-51

OBJECTIVE: The risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is increased in the offspring of individuals affected with various autoimmune disorders, including psoriasis. Recently, the deletion of 2 genes from the ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: The risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is increased in the offspring of individuals affected with various autoimmune disorders, including psoriasis. Recently, the deletion of 2 genes from the late cornified envelope (LCE) gene cluster, LCE3C and LCE3B, has been associated with psoriasis in several populations. The purpose of this study was to assess whether this polymorphic gene deletion could also be involved in susceptibility to RA. METHODS: We tested for association between the LCE3C_LCE3B copy number variant and a single-nucleotide polymorphism in strong linkage disequilibrium with this variant (rs4112788) and RA in 2 independent case-control data sets (197 and 400 samples from patients with RA, respectively, and 411 and 567 samples from control subjects, respectively), collected at 4 Spanish hospitals. All samples were directly typed for presence of the LCE3C_LCE3B deletion (LCE3C_LCE3B-del) by polymerase chain reaction, and association analysis was performed using the SNPassoc R package. RESULTS: An association of homozygosity for the LCE3C_LCE3B-del and rs4112788 C allele with the risk of RA was observed in the first data set and was replicated in an independent case-control set. A combined analysis showed an overall P value of 0.0012 (odds ratio [OR] 1.45, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.16-1.81) for association of the LCE3C_LCE3B-del. When the analysis was stratified for serologic data, we observed association in anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP)-positive patients (P = 0.012, OR 1.51 [95% CI 1.09-2.13]) but not in anti-CCP-negative patients. CONCLUSION: We have identified an association between the LCE3C_LCE3B-del and RA, and we have verified a pleiotropic effect of a common genetic risk factor (LCE3C_LCE3B-del) for autoimmune diseases that is involved in both psoriasis and RA. [less ▲]

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See detailDeletion of the ORF9p acidic cluster impairs the nuclear egress of Varicella-zoster virus capsids.
Riva, Laura ULg; Thiry, Marc ULg; Lebrun, Marielle ULg et al

in Journal of virology (2014)

The protein encoded by the ORF9 is essential for Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) replication. Previous studies documented its presence in the trans-Golgi network and its involvement in secondary envelopment ... [more ▼]

The protein encoded by the ORF9 is essential for Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) replication. Previous studies documented its presence in the trans-Golgi network and its involvement in secondary envelopment. In this work, we deleted the ORF9p acidic cluster, destroying its interaction with ORF47p and resulting in a nuclear accumulation of both proteins. This phenotype results to an accumulation of primary enveloped capsids in the perinuclear space, reflecting a capsid de-envelopment defect. [less ▲]

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See detailDeletion of Xpter encompassing the SHOX gene and PAR1 region in familial patients with Leri-Weill Dyschondrosteosis syndrome.
Mutesa, L.; Vanbellinghen, Jean-François ULg; Hellin, Anne-Cécile ULg et al

in Genetic Counseling (Geneva, Switzerland) (2009), 20(1), 9-17

Heterozygote deletions or mutations of pseudoautosomal 1 region (PAR1) encompassing the short stature homeobox-containing (SHOX) gene cause Leri-Weill Dyschondrosteosis (LWD), which is a dominantly ... [more ▼]

Heterozygote deletions or mutations of pseudoautosomal 1 region (PAR1) encompassing the short stature homeobox-containing (SHOX) gene cause Leri-Weill Dyschondrosteosis (LWD), which is a dominantly inherited osteochondroplasia characterized by short stature with mesomelic shortening of the upper and lower limbs and Madelung deformity of the wrists. SHOX is expressed by both sex chromosomes in males and females and plays an important role in bone growth and development. Clinically, the LWD expression is variable and more severe in females than males due to sex differences in oestrogen levels. Here, we report two familial cases of LWD with a large Xp terminal deletion (approximately 943 kb) of distal PAR1 encompassing the SHOX gene. In addition, the proband had mental retardation which appeared to be from recessive inheritance in the family. [less ▲]

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See detailDeletions of the 3 ' BCR and 5 ' ABL regions in patients with Philadelphia-positive chronic myeloid leukemia: a one-step process occurring in about 10% of the cases without any evidence of genetic instability in the target cells
Fournier, M.; Lacrosse, S.; Jamar, Mauricette ULg et al

in Cancer Genetics & Cytogenetics (2005), 160(2), 184-187

Deletions of the 5' ABL region adjacent to the t(9;22)(q34;q11) have recently been reported in 8-32.7% of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). The deletions were visualized with fluorescence in ... [more ▼]

Deletions of the 5' ABL region adjacent to the t(9;22)(q34;q11) have recently been reported in 8-32.7% of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). The deletions were visualized with fluorescence in situ hybridization using, in the majority of the cases, the Vysis LSI BCR/ABL ES (extra signal) probe. In our series, 10 of 99 CML patients (10.1%) were characterized by a 5'ABL deletion. We show that 3' BCR losses are observed in nearly all the cases with 5' ABL deletions. Moreover, the different genetic events (Philadelphia chromosome formation; 5' ABL and 3' BCR deletions) occur simultaneously in a one-step process without any evidence for genetic instability in the target bone marrow cells. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailDeleuze
Krtolica, Igor ULg

Book published by PUF (2015)

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See detailDeleuze : une esthétique baroque
Steinmetz, Rudy ULg

in L'atelier d'esthétique (Ed.) Esthétique et philosophie de l'art (2002)

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See detailDeleuze on the revival of Bergson’s élan vital
Wong, Tai Tak Andy ULg

Conference (2011, June 28)

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See detailDeleuze, entre Nietzsche et Marx : l'histoire universelle, le fait moderne et le devenir-révolutionnaire
Krtolica, Igor ULg

in Actuel Marx (2012), 52(2), 62-77

This article examines how Deleuze attempts to conceive the possibility of a non-hegelian universal history by referring simultaneously to Nietzsche’s history of nihilism and Marx’s history of social ... [more ▼]

This article examines how Deleuze attempts to conceive the possibility of a non-hegelian universal history by referring simultaneously to Nietzsche’s history of nihilism and Marx’s history of social formations in the light of capitalism. It shows that this attempt involves a diagnosis of modernity after the historic failures of the nineteenth century messianisms, and also leads to the notion of becoming-revolutionary, which replaces Marx’s conception of revolution. From this triple point of view (universal history, diagnosis of modernity, becoming-revolutionary), it seems that Deleuze’s reading of Marx comes from his interpretation of Nietzsche. [less ▲]

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See detailDeliberate metaphors in political discourse: the case of citizen discourse
Perrez, Julien ULg; Reuchamps, Min

in Metaphorik (2014)

This article proposes to apply Steen’s (2008) 3D model of metaphor analysis in communication to a corpus of political discourse, in this case citizen discourse. Our corpus has accordingly been analysed by ... [more ▼]

This article proposes to apply Steen’s (2008) 3D model of metaphor analysis in communication to a corpus of political discourse, in this case citizen discourse. Our corpus has accordingly been analysed by making a distinction between three layers of metaphor, respectively at the linguistic (direct vs. indirect metaphors), conceptual (novel vs. conventional metaphors) and communicative levels (deliberate vs. non-deliberate metaphors). Our results suggest that making the distinction between deliberate and non-deliberate metaphors lead to meaningful political insights, notably pointing to differences in saliency of the source domains in terms of which citizens make sense of Belgian federalism. In this regard, the family domain, and more especially the metaphor BELGIAN FEDERALISM IS A LOVE RELATIONSHIP appears to function as an important conceptual reference point for the citizens’ understanding of the political relations in the Belgian context. [less ▲]

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