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See detailEffect of the combination of seed priming and Trichoderma treatment on incidence of damping-off agents.
Jacqmin, B.; Cotes, A. M.; Lepoivre, Philippe ULg et al

in Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwkundige en Toegepaste Biologische Wetenschappen (Rijksuniversiteit te Gent) (1993), 58(3b),

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See detailEffect of the content of partially hydrogenated oils on the physical and structural properties of bakery margarines
Cavillot, V; Danthine, Sabine ULg; Kervyn de meerendré, M. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailEFFECT OF THE COPOLYMERS SEMO B86 Y SEMO B124 ON DYNAMIC VISCOELASTICITY AND AGGREGATION ABILITY OF HUMAN ERYTHROCYTES
Danieli, V; Fontana, A; Alessi, A et al

in Anales de la Asociación Argentina de Física (2007), 19

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See detailEffect of the counter-ion of the basification agent on the pore texture of organic and carbon xerogels
Job, Nathalie ULg; Gommes, Cédric ULg; Pirard, René ULg et al

in Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids (2008), 354(40-41), 4698-4701

Organic and carbon xerogels were prepared by polycondensation of resorcinol with formaldehyde in water, followed by evaporative drying and, eventually, pyrolysis. The pH of the precursor's solution was ... [more ▼]

Organic and carbon xerogels were prepared by polycondensation of resorcinol with formaldehyde in water, followed by evaporative drying and, eventually, pyrolysis. The pH of the precursor's solution was fixed at 6.0 in all cases by adding various hydroxides as basification agent. Three alkali metal hydroxides (LiOH, NaOH and KOH) and three alkaline earth metals hydroxides (Ca(OH)(2), Ba(OH)(2), Sr(OH)(2)) were used. It was found that the pore texture of the organic and carbon xerogels is totally independent on the cation size, but depends on the charge and concentration of the counter-cation. Indeed, the pore size of the alkaline earth metal loaded samples is larger than that of the alkali metal-doped xerogels. As a matter of fact, to reach the same initial pH, the concentration in alkali metal hydroxide must be twice that of the alkaline earth metal base. The effect of ions on the pore texture was thus attributed to electrostatic effects on the microphase separation process that occurs prior to gelation. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of the double-muscled conformation selection on the cardiovascular function in cattle
Amory, Hélène ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Linden, Annick ULg et al

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie (1992)

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See detailEffect of the emulsion stability on the morphology and porosity of semicrystalline poly-L-lactide micriparticles prepared by w/o/w double emulsion-evaporation
Schugens, Ch; Laruelle, N; Nihant, N et al

in Journal of Controlled Release (1994), 32

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See detailEffect of the entrained air and initial droplet velocity on the release height parameter of a Gaussian spray drift model.
Stainier, C.; Destain, Marie-France ULg; Schiffers, Bruno ULg et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2006), 71(2 Pt A),

The increased concern about environmental effect of off-target deposits of pesticides use has resulted in the development of numerous spray drift models. Statistical models based on experimental field ... [more ▼]

The increased concern about environmental effect of off-target deposits of pesticides use has resulted in the development of numerous spray drift models. Statistical models based on experimental field studies are used to estimate off-target deposits for different sprayers in various environmental conditions. Random-walk and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models have been used to predict the effect of operational parameters and were extensively validated in wind tunnel. A third group, Gaussian dispersion models have been used for several years for the environmental assessment of the pesticide spray drift, mainly for aerial application. When these models were used for the evaluation of boom sprayer spray drift, their predictions were found unreliable in the short range, were the initial release conditions of the droplets have a significant effect on the spray deposits. For longer ranges, the results were found consistent with the field measurements as the characteristics of the source have a reduced influence on the small droplets drift. Three major parameters must be taken into account in order to define realistic initial conditions of the droplets in a spray drift model: the spray pattern of the nozzle, the boom movements and the effect of entrained air and droplet velocities. To take theses parameters into account in a Gaussian model, the nozzle droplet size distribution measured with a Malvern laser particle analyser was used to divide the nozzle output into several size classes. The spray deposits of each diameter class was computed for each successive position of the nozzle combining the nozzle spray distribution with drift computed with a Gaussian tilting plume model. The summation of these footprints resulted in the global drift of the nozzle. For increasing droplet size, the release height used in the Gaussian model was decreased from nozzle height to ground level using an experimental law to take into account the effect of entrained air and droplet initial velocity. The experimental law was adjusted on 2m/s wind tunnel measurements and robustness was evaluated for 1 and 4 m/s. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of the exotic invasive plant Solidago gigantea on soil phosphorus status
Chapuis-Lardy, L.; Vanderhoeven, SONIA ULg; Dassonville, N. et al

in Biology & Fertility of Soils (2006), 42(6), 481-489

Invasions by exotic plant species can modify biogeochemical cycles and soil properties. We tested whether invasion by early goldenrod (Solidago gigantea, Asteraceae) modifies soil phosphorus pools at ... [more ▼]

Invasions by exotic plant species can modify biogeochemical cycles and soil properties. We tested whether invasion by early goldenrod (Solidago gigantea, Asteraceae) modifies soil phosphorus pools at three sites in Belgium. Aboveground phytomass and soil samples (0-10 cm) were collected in early goldenrod patches and in adjacent, uninvaded, grassland vegetation. Soil P fractions varied between the three sites in line with corresponding differences in organic matter, carbonate and clay contents. In addition to site-specific impacts, plots invaded by goldenrods generally had higher concentrations of labile P [i.e. resin-extractable inorganic P (Pi) and bicarbonate-extractable Pi and organic P]. Soil CO2 release and alkaline and acid phosphomonoesterase activities were also higher in invaded plots, suggesting that the increase in labile Pi was due to enhanced mineralization. Phosphorus uptake by vegetation was 1.7-2.1 times higher in invaded plots, mostly due to the higher annual yield of S. gigantea. Altogether, the results indicate that S. gigantea enhances P turnover rates in invaded ecosystems. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of the haptoglobin phenotype on the size of a myocardial infarct.
Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg; Smeets, J P et al

in New England Journal of Medicine [=NEJM] (1982), 307(8), 457-63

We investigated the relation between haptoglobin (Hp) phenotypes and serum levels of various biochemical markers after myocardial infarction in 496 patients. In 122 subjects selected on the basis of short ... [more ▼]

We investigated the relation between haptoglobin (Hp) phenotypes and serum levels of various biochemical markers after myocardial infarction in 496 patients. In 122 subjects selected on the basis of short delays until hospitalization, patients with Hp 2-2 had higher cumulated creatine kinase activity than patients with Hp 1-1, or Hp 2-1 (P less than 0.05), as well as higher myoglobin concentrations (P less than 0.02) 12 to 28 hours after admission. Comparison of serum enzyme activities in the remaining 374 patients confirmed that Hp 2-2 patients had significantly higher total creatine kinase, creatine kinase isoenzyme MB fraction, aspartate aminotransferase, and lactate dehydrogenase peak levels. Complications of left ventricular failure were more frequent in these patients (P = 0.05). Our results suggest that Hp 2-2 patients have more severe myocardial infarctions than Hp 1-1 and Hp 2-1 patients, However, no difference in the distribution of haptoglobin phenotype was found between patients who had a myocardial infarction and healthy subjects, indicating that Hp 2-2 does not predispose to the occurrence of infarction. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effect of the hydrophobic chain lenght on surface properties of enzymatically prepared n-alkylesters of glucuronic acid.
Piccicuto, Salvator; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Marlier, Michel et al

Poster (2004, February 11)

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See detailEffect of the inclusion time of extruded linseed supplementation before slaughter on n-3 fatty acids enrichment of chicken meat.
Rondia, P.; Delmotte, Charles; Maene, D. et al

Poster (2003, September)

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See detailEffect of the inclusion time of extruded linseed supplementation before slaughter on n-3 fatty acids enrichment of chicken meat.
Rondia, P.; Delmotte, Charles; Maene, D. et al

in Proceedings "XVIth European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat" (2003)

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See detailEffect of the injection solvent on steroid activity.
Deviche, P.; Balthazart, Jacques ULg

in General and Comparative Endocrinology (1987), 65(2), 199-202

The effects of testosterone, 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone, and androstenedione on cloacal gland and sternotracheal muscle growth and on luteinizing hormone plasma levels were studied in Japanese quail. The ... [more ▼]

The effects of testosterone, 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone, and androstenedione on cloacal gland and sternotracheal muscle growth and on luteinizing hormone plasma levels were studied in Japanese quail. The steroids were given to the animals in daily intramuscular injections and were dissolved either in propylene glycol or in ethanol:saline (1:1). The three steroids had significant effects on the responses which were measured, but the magnitude of this effect was clearly related to the type of vehicle in which the steroids were dissolved. Furthermore there was a significant interaction between the effects of solvents and of steroid; for example, testosterone was much less androgenic than 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone when dissolved in propylene glycol, but both had similar effects when dissolved in ethanol:saline. The effects of the mode of administration of different steroids on a given physiological response should be taken into consideration. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of the intensity and frequency of glucose pulse perturbation on transient E. coli behavior : a step toward the large-scale bioreactor
Gorret, Nathalie; Sunya, Sirichai; Uribellarea, Jean-Louis et al

Conference (2012)

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See detailEffect of the kinematic hardening in the simulations of the straightening of long rolled profiles
Bouffioux, Chantal ULg; Boman, Romain ULg; Caillet, Nicolas et al

in Key Engineering Materials [=KEM] (2014), 611-612

Residual stresses and lack of straightness appear during the cooling of sheet piles where the initial temperature field is not homogeneous. To meet the standards, the long hot rolled pieces are ... [more ▼]

Residual stresses and lack of straightness appear during the cooling of sheet piles where the initial temperature field is not homogeneous. To meet the standards, the long hot rolled pieces are straightened using a series of rollers placed alternately above and below the pieces with shifts which create a succession of bendings. The process is modeled to study the impact of the industrial parameters ( the duration of the cooling and the rollers positions), to improve the final geometry and to reduce the residual stresses.Tests are carried out on this structural steel to observe the material behavior, then material laws are chosen and parameters of these laws are defined using and inverse method. Two sets of material data are obtained: for the first one, the hardening is supposed to be isotropic, and for the second one, additional tests are performed to describe isotropic and kinematic hardenings.The cooling followed by the straightening is then simulated by the finite element with these two sets of date. The comparison of the rollers forces, the deformation and the residual stresses show the impact of the kinematic hardening on such a process where the material undergoes a sucession of the tensions and compressions. The real forces applied by the rollers,the real curvature of the interlocks at the end of the straightening process and the distribution of the residual longitudinal stresses measured on the web using the ring core method are used to validate the numerical model. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of the lengthening of the protocol on the reliability of knee muscle fatigue indicators
Bosquet, L.; Maquet, Didier ULg; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg et al

in European Journal of Sports Medicine (2013, September), 1(1), 150

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See detailEffect of the Lengthening of the Protocol on the Reliability of Muscle Fatigue Indicators
Bosquet, Laurent; Maquet, Didier ULg; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg et al

in International Journal of Sports Medicine (2010), 31(2), 82-88

The aim of this study was to examine absolute and relative reliability of fatigue measures calculated from peak torque or total work during 20, 30, 40 and 50 reciprocal maximal concentric contractions ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to examine absolute and relative reliability of fatigue measures calculated from peak torque or total work during 20, 30, 40 and 50 reciprocal maximal concentric contractions performed on an isokinetic dynamometer at 180 ° · s " 1 . Eighteen moderately active men performed 50 reciprocal maximal concentric contractions on three occasions with one 7 – 10 days recovery between each session. Peak torque and total work were computed for each contraction and subsequently summed to compute cumulated performance after respectively 20, 30, 40 and 50 repetitions. Muscle fatigue was determined after 20, 30, 40 and 50 repetitions by the fatigue index, the percent decrease in performance and the slope. Reliability of average peak torque or average total work was similar and was not a! ected by the lengthening of the protocol, although a learning e! ect was evident for knee flexors. Reliability of fatigue measures calculated from peak torque or total work was similar, improved with the lengthening of the protocol and was better for knee extensors. Measuring average peak torque or average total work and the slope during a protocol involving 30 maximal reciprocal concentric contractions appear to represent a better compromise between reliability and physiological interpretability of the data. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of the luteinizing hormone on embryo production in superovulated rabbit does
Salvetti, P.; Theau-Clement, M.; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Theriogenology (2007), 67(6), 1185-1193

For most domestic animals, the responses to superovulation treatments are not controlled as a consequence of the lack of knowledge on exogenous gonadotrophins effects on the ovarian function. The role of ... [more ▼]

For most domestic animals, the responses to superovulation treatments are not controlled as a consequence of the lack of knowledge on exogenous gonadotrophins effects on the ovarian function. The role of luteinizing hormone (LH) on the number and quality of embryos produced was evaluated on rabbit does superovulated with porcine FSH (pFSH). Parameters of embryos recovery, in vitro and in vivo embryo development rates after freezing/thawing were compared. We used three experimental groups: (1) control group without superovulation treatment, (2) "pFSH + pLH" and (3) "pFSH" groups where females were treated with pFSH, respectively, with (20%) or without (0%) porcine LH supplementation. The number of corpora lutea and the number of embryos produced were significantly higher (p < 0.001) in superovulated does than in control group (27.1, 26.7 versus 11.9 corpora lutea and 20.3, 21.2 versus 9.6 embryos produced for pFSH + pLH, pFSH and control group, respectively). However, both gonadotrophins administrations (groups 2 and 3) led to defaults of ovulation when compared with untreated does. No significant difference was observed between the number and quality of the embryos produced by does treated with pFSH + pLH or with pFSH alone. Moreover, we observed no significant difference between results of in vivo and in vitro viability assays after thawing. We concluded that pFSH alone seems to be sufficient to stimulate the follicles growth and that exogenous pLH administrated has no effect on the quantity and quality of embryos. Further studies are needed to evaluate the hormonal patterns before and after the gonadotrophins injections in the rabbit species. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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