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See detailEffect of partial or total replacement of forage fish by a dry diet on the quality of reproduction in pikeperch, Sander lucioperca
Wang, Neil; Mandiki, S. N. M.; Henrotte, Emilie et al

in Aquaculture Research (2009), 40(3), 376-383

The aim of this preliminary study was to evaluate the influence of different feeding regimes on the quality of reproduction in pikeperch. Three diets were tested: forage fish (FF), a commercial dry feed ... [more ▼]

The aim of this preliminary study was to evaluate the influence of different feeding regimes on the quality of reproduction in pikeperch. Three diets were tested: forage fish (FF), a commercial dry feed (DD) and a mix of both (FD). The diets were given to fish throughout a complete reproductive cycle. During the spawning season, couples were injected with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and let to spawn on nests. Proportion of running males, spawning and hatching success and larval quality (weight, length, body protein, total lipid, fatty acid and lipid class compositions and resistances to osmotic shock and starvation stress tests at hatching) were evaluated. The proportion of running male was lower in the DD group than in the FF and FD groups (54% for DD against 76-89% for FF and FD). In addition, 25%, 62.5% and 75% of injected couples gave spawning that hatched in DD, FF and FD groups respectively. Larval quality parameters were not significantly different between treatments. The results indicate that overall quality of reproduction was higher in FF and FD treatments than in DD. It suggests that the dry feed used was not totally adequate for pikeperch reproduction. Relations between breeder reproductive performances and the feed compositions are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effect of particle precipitation events on the neutral and ion chemistry of the middle atmosphere. I - Odd nitrogen
Rusch, D. W.; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Solomon, S. et al

in Planetary and Space Science (1981), 29

Not Available

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See detailThe effect of particle precipitation events on the neutral and ion chemistry of the middle atmosphere. II - Odd hydrogen
Solomon, S.; Rusch, D. W.; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg et al

in Planetary and Space Science (1981), 29

A one dimensional time-dependent model of the neutral and ion chemistry of the middle atmosphere has been used to examine the production of odd hydrogen (H, OH, and HO2) during charged particle ... [more ▼]

A one dimensional time-dependent model of the neutral and ion chemistry of the middle atmosphere has been used to examine the production of odd hydrogen (H, OH, and HO2) during charged particle precipitation. At altitudes above about 65 km, odd hydrogen production depends on the ionization rate, and the atomic oxygen and water vapor densities. Odd hydrogen production is shown to exhibit diurnal and other time dependent variations during such an event at these altitudes, and the assumption that two odd hydrogen particles are always produced per ionization is reexamined. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effect of pasture utilization on the defoliation of grass species by steers grazing a tropical savanna woodland during the dry season
Benvenutti, Marcelo; Bindelle, Jérôme ULg; O'Reagain, Peter et al

in Advances in Animal Biosciences (2010), 1

The relationship between grazing pressure and differences in the defoliation rate of grass species is not well understood for tropical savannas even though it is likely to have a substantial influence on ... [more ▼]

The relationship between grazing pressure and differences in the defoliation rate of grass species is not well understood for tropical savannas even though it is likely to have a substantial influence on the persistence of preferred species, pasture condition and sustainability of the grazing system. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between grass species characteristics and their defoliation rate in a paddock under increasing levels of utilization. Nine steers grazed a Eucalyptus savanna woodland for 14 days. Total pasture utilization reached 70% on day 13. The results confirm that with increasing pasture utilization, the defoliation rate of grasses varied among species. Bothriochloa pertusa (Bp) was the preferred species, with the highest levels of utilization after 5, 7 and 13 days. This species had the highest leaf/stem ratio and basal area (P<0.05), and intermediate stem tensile resistance, stem density, bulk density and plant height. These characteristics probably allowed the steers to achieve high nutrient intake rates. The steers avoided B. ewartiana possibly due to its tough stems and low leaf/stem ratio. In this tropical pasture the steers heavily grazed the preferred species at low to intermediate levels of overall pasture utilization (10 to 38%). In order to increase the utilization of less preferred species it was necessary to achieve high levels of pasture utilization (60 to 70%). [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of pavement temperature on the macrotexture of a semidense asphalt surface
Luong, Jeanne ULg; Bueno, M.; Vazquez, V.F. et al

Poster (2012)

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See detailEffect of Pear, Apple and Date Fibres from Cooked Fruit By-products on Dough Performance and Bread Quality
Bchir, Brahim ULg; Rabetafika, Holy-Nadia ULg; Paquot, Michel ULg et al

in Food and Bioprocess Technology (2013)

Abstract This study examined the effect of the incorporation of flesh fibre concentrate (FFC) from apple, pear, and date pomaces on wheat bread dough performance and bread quality. The nutritional ... [more ▼]

Abstract This study examined the effect of the incorporation of flesh fibre concentrate (FFC) from apple, pear, and date pomaces on wheat bread dough performance and bread quality. The nutritional composition and techno-functional properties (water-holding capacity, oil-holding capacity, swelling capacity) of FFC were determined beforehand. Dough performance was evaluated by farinograph, alveograph and visco-amylograph. Bread quality was assessed by physical (weight, specific volume, and color) and textural (hardness and elasticity) parameters. Digital imaging analysis was also performed in order to better understand the observed effects. Results showed that the addition of FFC in wheat flour significantly improved (P<0.05) dough properties inducing an increase of water absorption (from 55 to 60 %), of stability (from 4 to 31 min),of tenacity (from 83 to 116 mmH2O) , a reduction of extensibility (from 69 to 29 mm), of softening (from 60 to 20 BU), of breakdown (from 34 to 25 BU) and of setback (from 103 to 93 BU) in comparison to the control dough (without fibre). The formulation containing FFC produced loaves that had various colors (crust, 0<ΔE*<10 and crumb, 0<ΔE*<20;ΔE* corresponding to color variation), a comparable specific volume (2.7 vs 2.9 cm3/g for control) and a more aerated internal crumb structure compared to the control. During storage of breads at 20 °C, there was no significant difference [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of pentoxifylline on radiation-induced G2-phase delay and radiosensitivity of human colon and cervical cancer cells.
Li, Y-X; Weber-Johnson, K; Sun, L-Q et al

in Radiation Research (1998), 149(4),

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See detailEffect of perioperative infusion of antioxidants on neutrophil activation during liver transplantation in humans
Biasi, F.; Poli, G.; Salizzoni, M. et al

in Transplantation Proceedings (2002), 34(3), 755-758

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See detailEffect of pH on CN-resistant respiratory activity and it's regulation on Vigna uniguiculata mitochondria
Lima-junior, A.; Fernandes de Melo, D.; Costa, J. H. et al

in Moller, I. M.; Gardestrom, P.; Glimelius, K. (Eds.) et al Plant mitochondria : from gene to function (1993)

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See detailEffect of pH on CN-resistant respiratory activity and regulation on Vigna uniguiculata mitochondria
Lima-junior, A.; Fernandes de melo, D.; Costa, J. H. et al

in Plant Physiology & Biochemistry (2000), 38

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See detailEffect of pH on glucose and starch fermentation in batch and sequenced-batch mode with a recently isolated strain of hydrogen-producing Clostridium butyricum CWBI1009
Masset, Julien ULg; Hiligsmann, Serge ULg; Hamilton, Christopher ULg et al

in International Journal of Hydrogen Energy (2010), 35(8), 3371-3378

This paper reports investigations carried out to determine the optimum culture conditions for the production of hydrogen with a recently isolated strain Clostridium butyricum CWBI1009. The production ... [more ▼]

This paper reports investigations carried out to determine the optimum culture conditions for the production of hydrogen with a recently isolated strain Clostridium butyricum CWBI1009. The production rates and yields were investigated at 30 °C in a 2.3 l bioreactor operated in batch and sequenced-batch mode using glucose and starch as substrates. In order to study the precise effect of a stable pH on hydrogen production, and the metabolite pathway involved, cultures were conducted with pH controlled at different levels ranging from 4.7 to 7.3 (maximum range of 0.15 pH unit around the pH level). For glucose the maximum yield (1.7 mol H2 mol-1 glucose) was measured when the pH was maintained at 5.2. The acetate and butyrate yields were 0.35 mol acetate mol-1 glucose and 0.6 mol butyrate mol-1 glucose. For starch a maximum yield of 2.0 mol H2 mol-1 hexose, and a maximum production rate of 15 mol H2 mol-1 hexose h-1 were obtained at pH 5.6 when the acetate and butyrate yields were 0.47 mol acetate mol-1 hexose and 0.67 mol butyrate mol-1 hexose. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effect of pH on the alternative oxidase activity in isolated Acanthamoeba castellanii mitochondria.
Jarmuszkiewicz, W.; Hryniewiecka, L.; Sluse, Francis ULg

in Journal of Bioenergetics & Biomembranes (2002), 34(3), 221-226

Mitochondria of Acanthamoeba castellanii possess a cyanide-resistant GMP-stimulated ubiquinol alternative oxidase in addition to the cytochrome pathway. In a previous work it has been observed that an ... [more ▼]

Mitochondria of Acanthamoeba castellanii possess a cyanide-resistant GMP-stimulated ubiquinol alternative oxidase in addition to the cytochrome pathway. In a previous work it has been observed that an interaction between the two ubiquinol-oxidizing pathways exists in intact A. castellanii mitochondria and that this interaction may be due to a high sensitivity of the alternative oxidase to matrix pH. In this study we have shown that the alternative oxidase activity reveals a pH-dependence with a pH optimum at 6.8 whatever the reducing substrate may be. The GMP stimulation of alternative oxidase is also strongly dependent on pH implicating probably protonation/deprotonation processes at the level of ligand and protein with an optimum pH at 6.8. The ubiquinone redox state-dependence of alternative oxidase activity is modified by pH in such a way that the highest activity for a given ubiquinone redox state is observed at pH 6.8. Thus pH, binding of GMP, and redox state of ubiquinone collaborate to set the activity of the GMP-stimulated alternative oxidase in isolated A. castellanii mitochondria. The high pH sensitivity of the alternative oxidase could link inactivation of the cytochrome pathway proton pumps to activation of the alternative oxidase with acceleration of redox free energy dissipation as a consequence. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of phospholipids on surface properties of rapeseed oleosins at two pH
Vaca Medina, Guadalupe; Mouloungui, Zéphirin; Roiz, Julie ULg et al

Poster (2009)

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See detailEffect of physicochemical characteristics of cellulosic substrates on enzymatic hydrolysis by means of a multi-stage process for cellobiose production
Vanderghem, Caroline ULg; Jacquet, Nicolas ULg; Danthine, Sabine ULg et al

in Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology (2012), 166(6), 1423-1432

The effect of two types of cellulose, microcrystalline cellulose and paper pulp, on enzymatic hydrolysis for cellobiose production was investigated. The particle size, the relative crystallinity index and ... [more ▼]

The effect of two types of cellulose, microcrystalline cellulose and paper pulp, on enzymatic hydrolysis for cellobiose production was investigated. The particle size, the relative crystallinity index and the water retention value were determined for both celluloses. A previously studied multistage hydrolysis process that proved to enhance the cellobiose production was studied with both types of celluloses. The cellobiose yield exhibited a significant improvement (120% for the microcrystalline cellulose and 75% for the paper pulp) with the multistage hydrolysis process compared to continuous hydrolysis. The conversion of cellulose to cellobiose was greater for the microcrystalline cellulose than for the paper pulp. Even with high crystallinity, microcrystalline cellulose achieved the highest cellobiose yield probably due to its highest specific surface area accessible to enzymes and quantity of adsorbed protein. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect Of Pig Bodyweight On Ileal Amino Acid Endogenous Losses After Ingestion Of A Protein-Free Diet Enriched In Pea Inner Fibre Isolates
Leterme, Pascal; Thewis, André ULg

in Reproduction Nutrition Development (2004), 44(5), 407-417

The present study was conducted to evaluate whether bodyweight and the micronisation of dietary fibre affect the endogenous nitrogen and amino acid losses (ENL and EAAL) in pigs. The effect of the ... [more ▼]

The present study was conducted to evaluate whether bodyweight and the micronisation of dietary fibre affect the endogenous nitrogen and amino acid losses (ENL and EAAL) in pigs. The effect of the micronising process was tested by providing pigs with 90 g DM·kg–1 BW0.75 of a N-free diet supplemented with isolated pea inner fibres, presented in native or micronised form and with a water-holding capacity of 12 and 4 g water·g–1 DM, respectively. ENL and EAAL were measured on pigs weighing 24, 62 and 105 kg. In all cases, daily ENL increased linearly (P < 0.05) with BW, for the majority of the AA and total N. As BW increased, daily ENL, total EAAL and the majority of EAAL increased linearly independently of micronisation (P < 0.05). When expressed per kg DMI, total EAAL and the majority of each EAA decreased curvilinearly and reached nadir at around 100 kg BW. For ENL expressed per kg DMI, micronisation resulted in a curvilinear decrease with increasing BW, as compared to a linear decrease for pigs fed the native pea fibre diet (non-micronised). Micronisation of pea inner fibres did not decrease ENL or EAAL daily, except for proline. When the losses were expressed as g·k–1g DMI, micronisation did not decrease ENL but decreased (P < 0.05) endogenous losses for a majority of AA as well as for total AA. The results suggest that small pigs excrete more endogenous N per kg DMI than large pigs and that pea fibre micronisation reduces EAAL but not ENL when expressed per kg DMI. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of pig faecal donor and of pig diet composition on in vitro fermentation of sugar beet pulp.
Bindelle, Jérôme ULg; Buldgen, André; Lambotte, Damien et al

in Animal Feed Science & Technology (2007), 132

Two experiments were undertaken to investigate the influence of (1) pig bodyweight and (2) dietary fibre content of the diet on the in vitro gas production of sugar beet pulp fibre using faecal inoculum ... [more ▼]

Two experiments were undertaken to investigate the influence of (1) pig bodyweight and (2) dietary fibre content of the diet on the in vitro gas production of sugar beet pulp fibre using faecal inoculum. In the first experiment, inocula prepared from young pigs (Y; 16–50 kg), growing pigs (G; 62–93 kg) and sows (S; 216–240 kg) were compared. Sugar beet pulp, hydrolysed in vitro with pepsin and then pancreatin, was used as the fermentation substrate. The cumulated gas productions over 144 h were modelled and the kinetics parameters compared. Lag times (Y: 4.6 h; G: 6.4 h; S: 9.2 h) and halftimes to asymptote (Y: 14.7 h; G: 15.9 h; S: 20.8 h) increased with pig bodyweight (P<0.001) and the fractional degradation rates of the substrate differed between the pig categories (Y: 0.110 h−1; G: 0.115 h−1; S: 0.100 h−1; P<0.001). The final gas productionwas not affected (P=0.10) by the inoculum source. In the second experiment hydrolysed sugar beet pulp was fermented with four inocula prepared from pigs fed diets differing in their total and soluble dietary fibre contents, i.e. low fibre diet rich in soluble fibre (LOW-S) or in insoluble fibre (LOW-I) or high fibre diet rich in soluble fibre (HIGHS) or in insoluble fibre (HIGH-I). The total and the soluble dietary fibres influenced the kinetics of gas production. The presence of soluble fibres decreased the lag times, whatever the total dietaryfibre content (2.7 h for LOW-S versus 3.5 h for LOW-I, 4.0 h for HIGH-S versus 4.4 h for HIGH-I; P<0.001). The half-times to asymptote were higher with the low fibre diets (P<0.001) and, for similar total dietary fibre contents, they were lower when the proportion of soluble fibres increased (LOW-S: 9.9 h; LOW-I: 11.4 h; HIGH-S: 8.9 h; HIGH-I: 10.1 h; P<0.001). The fractional degradation rates of the substrate were the highest with the fibre-rich diet containing a high proportion of soluble fibres (0.158 h−1; P<0.001). In conclusion, the bodyweight of the faeces donors and the dietary fibre composition of the pig diet influence the in vitro fermentation kinetics of hydrolysed sugar beet pulp, but not the final gas production. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effect of pinealectomy on plasma levels of gonadotrophins and growth hormone in the pigeon (Columba livia).
Rintamaki, H.; Hissa, R.; Balthazart, Jacques ULg et al

in Journal of Pineal Research (1984), 1(4), 381-9

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See detailThe effect of PIT tags on growth and physiology of age-0 cultured Eurasian perch Perca fluviatilis of variable size
Baras, E.; Malbrouck, C.; Houbart, M. et al

in Aquaculture (2000), 185

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See detailEffect of pituitary somatotropin injections on plasma insulin-like growth factor-I and somatotropin profiles in growing heifers
Lemal, Dominique; Renaville, Robert ULg; Claes, Victor et al

in Journal of Animal Science (1989), 67

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