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See detailEffect of Ketoconazole 1% and 2% Shampoos on Severe Dandruff and Seborrhoeic Dermatitis: Clinical, Squamometric and Mycological Assessments
Pierard-Franchimont, Claudine ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg; Arrese, J. E. et al

in Dermatology : International Journal for Clinical & Investigative Dermatology (2001), 202(2), 171-6

Ketoconazole (KET) is active to control dandruff and seborrhoeic dermatitis. Objective assessments comparing the 1% and 2% shampoo formulations are scant. This open, randomized parallel-group trial was ... [more ▼]

Ketoconazole (KET) is active to control dandruff and seborrhoeic dermatitis. Objective assessments comparing the 1% and 2% shampoo formulations are scant. This open, randomized parallel-group trial was carried out to differentiate the effectiveness of KET 1% and 2% in severe dandruff and seborrhoeic dermatitis. A total of 66 patients with severe dandruff or seborrhoeic dermatitis were randomized to each of the two groups. A 2-week run-in phase was followed by a 4-week treatment phase, in turn followed by a 4-week follow-up. The efficacy of treatments was evaluated by combining squamometry X, Malassezia spp. counts and clinical assessments. After 2 and 4 weeks of treatment, KET 2% was significantly superior over KET 1% (p < 0.001) for decreasing both in flakiness and Malassezia density from baseline. The same trend was observed in the mean change from baseline in the overall dandruff severity score. Only 6 mild adverse events were reported. During follow-up KET 2% showed a trend to fewer relapses than KET 1%. KET 2% had superior efficacy compared to KET 1% in the treatment of severe dandruff and scalp seborrhoeic dermatitis. Biometrological evaluations were correlated with the clinical improvements and therefore useful to incorporate in future dandruff studies. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of Ketoprofen on Paf-Induced Bovine Platelet Aggregation
Bastos da Silva, Miriam; Gustin, Pascal ULg; Herion, Francine ULg et al

in Veterinary Journal (1998), 155(2), 201-203

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See detailEffect of kynurenic acid on sensitivity to cortical spreading depression in rats
Chauvel, Virginie ULg; Vamos, Eniko; Pardutz, Arpat et al

Poster (2011, January 31)

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See detailEffect of kynurenic acid on sensitivity to cortical spreading depression in rats
Chauvel, Virginie ULg; Vamos, Eniko; Pardutz, Arpat et al

Poster (2010, October)

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See detailEffect of land use on pollution status and risk of fish endocrine disruption in small farmland ponds
Mandiki; Gillardin; Martens et al

in Hydrobiologia (2014), 723

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See detailTHE EFFECT OF LEAF ORIENTATION ON SPRAY RETENTION ON BLACKGRASS
Massinon, Mathieu ULg; Boukhalfa, Hassina dite Hafida ULg; MARECHAL, Pierre- et al

Conference (2012, July)

Spray application efficiency depends on the pesticide application method as well as target properties. A wide range of drop impact angles exists during the spray application process because of drop ... [more ▼]

Spray application efficiency depends on the pesticide application method as well as target properties. A wide range of drop impact angles exists during the spray application process because of drop trajectory and the variability of the leaf orientation. As the effect of impact angle on retention is still poorly documented, laboratory studies were conducted to highlight the effect of leaf orientation on drop impact outcomes. Measurements were performed with a high-speed camera coupled with a retro-LED lighting. Size and velocity of the drop were extracted by image analysis. Drop impact types were determined by the operator. Drops were produced with a flat-fan nozzle mounted on a movable ramp. Excised blackgrass [Alopecurus myosuroides HUDS. (ALOMY)] leaves were stretched between two parts of a U-shaped support. A surfactant (Break-Thru® S240) was sprayed to highlight the effect of mixture surface tension. The whole device was tilted from 0 to 90°. Relative volume proportions were computed within of an energy scale divided into 11 classes. These proportions have been weighted by an average volume distribution and the results were summed for all energy classes to obtain the total volume proportions for each impact outcomes and for all leaf angles. For distilled water (high surface tension) the increase of rebound proportion with the increase of drop impact angle is highlighted. For surfactant (lower surface tension), it results in an increase of drop fragmentation in Cassie-Baxter wetting regime. To be statistically representative, bigger drop samples should be used. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of lignocellulose related compounds on microalgae growth and product biosynthesis: a review
Miazek, Krystian ULg; Remacle, Claire ULg; Richel, Aurore ULg et al

in Energies (2014), 7(2014), 4446-4481

Microalgae contain valuable compounds that can be harnessed for industrial applications. Lignocellulose biomass is a plant material containing in abundance organic substances such as carbohydrates ... [more ▼]

Microalgae contain valuable compounds that can be harnessed for industrial applications. Lignocellulose biomass is a plant material containing in abundance organic substances such as carbohydrates, phenolics, organic acids and other secondary compounds. As growth of microalgae on organic substances was confirmed during heterotrophic and mixotrophic cultivation, lignocellulose derived compounds can become a feedstock to cultivate microalgae and produce target compounds. In this review, different treatment methods to hydrolyse lignocellulose into organic substrates are presented first. Secondly, the effect of lignocellulosic hydrolysates, organic substances typically present in lignocellulosic hydrolysates, as well as minor co-products, on growth and accumulation of target compounds in microalgae cultures is described. Finally, the possibilities of using lignocellulose hydrolysates as a common feedstock for microalgae cultures are evaluated. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effect of likeness on face identification
Brennen, Tim; Brédart, Serge ULg; Davidsen, P. E. et al

in International Journal of Psychology (1996), 31

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See detailEffect of liming on the convective drying of urban residual sludges
Huron, Yoland; Salmon, Thierry ULg; Crine, Michel ULg et al

Conference (2008, September)

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See detailEffect of liming on the convective drying of urban residual sludges
Huron, Yoland; Salmon, Thierry ULg; Blandin, Gaëtan et al

in Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering (2010), 5

Sludge liming is largely used in the wastewater industry. This operation, at first realized to stabilize sludge, has also proved to enhance dewatering and to improve the resulting cakes texture ... [more ▼]

Sludge liming is largely used in the wastewater industry. This operation, at first realized to stabilize sludge, has also proved to enhance dewatering and to improve the resulting cakes texture. Nevertheless, almost nothing is known about the impact of lime addition on sludge drying behavior. As drying can be considered as a necessary step after mechanical dewatering, it is crucial to evaluate the influence of the sludge pre-treatments on their drying kinetics. This study shows that both pre- and post-liming exert a positive effect on sludge convective drying behavior. The negative impact of sludge destructuring by pumping is also established. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of lipopepitdes and iontophoresison acyclovir skin delivery
Nicoli, S.; Eeman, Marc; Deleu, Magali ULg et al

in Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmacology (2010), 62(6), 702-708

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See detailEffect of localised fires on continuous steel beams
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Gens, F.; Dotreppe, Jean-Claude ULg

in Hoffmeister, B.; Hechler, O. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 4th European Conference on Steel and Composite Structures (EUROSTEEL 2005) (2005)

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See detailEffect of long duration melatonin in an extended sleep opportunity protocol on core body temperature, TSH and HRV in humans
Middleton, B; Dijk, D-J; Rajaratnam, S et al

Poster (2005)

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See detailEffect of low-dose perindopril/indapamide on albuminuria in diabetes: preterax in albuminuria regression: PREMIER.
Mogensen, Carl Erik; Viberti, Giancarlo; Halimi, Serge et al

in Hypertension (2003), 41(5), 1063-71

Microalbuminuria in diabetes is a risk factor for early death and an indicator for aggressive blood pressure (BP) lowering. We compared a combination of 2 mg perindopril/0.625 mg indapamide with enalapril ... [more ▼]

Microalbuminuria in diabetes is a risk factor for early death and an indicator for aggressive blood pressure (BP) lowering. We compared a combination of 2 mg perindopril/0.625 mg indapamide with enalapril monotherapy on albumin excretion rate (AER) in patients with type 2 diabetes, albuminuria, and hypertension in a 12-month, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group international multicenter study. Four hundred eighty-one patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension (systolic BP > or =140 mm Hg, <180 mm Hg, diastolic BP <110 mm Hg) were randomly assigned (age 59+/-9 years, 77% previously treated for hypertension). Results from 457 patients (intention-to-treat analysis) were available. After a 4-week placebo period, patients with albuminuria >20 and <500 microg/min were randomly assigned to a combination of 2 mg perindopril/0.625 mg indapamide or to 10 mg daily enalapril. After week 12, doses were adjusted on the basis of BP to a maximum of 8 mg perindopril/2.5 mg indapamide or 40 mg enalapril. The main outcome measures were overnight AER and supine BP. Both treatments reduced BP. Perindopril/indapamide treatment resulted in a statistically significant higher fall in both BP (-3.0 [95% CI -5.6, -0.4], P=0.012; systolic BP -1.5 [95% CI -3.0, -0.1] diastolic BP P=0.019) and AER -42% (95% CI -50%, -33%) versus -27% (95% CI -37%, -16%) with enalapril. The greater AER reduction remained significant after adjustment for mean BP. Adverse events were similar in the 2 groups. Thus, first-line treatment with low-dose combination perindopril/indapamide induces a greater decrease in albuminuria than enalapril, partially independent of BP reduction. A BP-independent effect of the combination may increase renal protection. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of macronutrient ratio of the pre-starter diet on broiler performance and intermediary metabolism.
Swennen, Q.; Everaert, Nadia ULg; Debonne, M. et al

in Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition (2010), 94(3), 375-84

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of isoenergetic substitution between the three energy delivering macronutrients in pre-starter diets on performance and intermediary nutrient ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of isoenergetic substitution between the three energy delivering macronutrients in pre-starter diets on performance and intermediary nutrient metabolism in broiler chickens. From hatch until 5 days of age, 600 chicks, collected during peak of hatch, were fed one of the three experimental pre-starter diets with isoenergetic (13 MJ metabolisable energy/kg) substitutions between fat (43 vs. 108 g/kg), protein (126 vs. 240 g/kg) and carbohydrates (391 vs. 510 g/kg). After 5 days, commercial grower and finisher diets were provided. Pre-starter composition influenced body weight until slaughter age, although not statistically verifiable. Broilers fed the low protein (LP) pre-starter had the lowest body weight in relation to chickens on the low carbohydrate or low fat pre-starter diet. After hatch, chicks on the LP pre-starter diet were able to use the residual yolk sac more rapidly to fulfil their protein requirement, which is reflected in small intestine and liver development. Also, plasma metabolite levels were influenced mostly by the LP pre-starter, indicating that the main focus for the requirements of newly hatched chicks should be on proteins. Furthermore, optimal nutrition during the first day's post-hatch should take into account the contribution of the yolk. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of manipulation and irrelevant noise on working memory capacity of patients with Alzheimer's dementia
Belleville, Sylvie; Rouleau, Nancy; Van der Linden, Martial ULg et al

in Neuropsychology (2003), 17(1), 69-81

The effect of manipulation and distracting noise on immediate serial recall was measured in patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT), neurologically healthy elderly individuals and young adults ... [more ▼]

The effect of manipulation and distracting noise on immediate serial recall was measured in patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT), neurologically healthy elderly individuals and young adults. In experiment 1, the authors compared serial word recall with word recall in alphabetical order. Alphabetical recall requires the active manipulation of the contents of working memory. Findings indicated that DAT patients were severely impaired in the alphabetical recall task, whereas the performance of neurologically healthy elderly participants was comparable with the performance of young adult participants. In experiment 2, the authors investigated the effect of different irrelevant auditory backgrounds on immediate digit recall. In this task, both elderly participants and DAT patients performed similarly to the group of young adult participants, indicating comparable efficacy to resist auditory distraction. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of mass loss on the driving of g-modes in B supergiant stars
Godart, Mélanie ULg; Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Journal of Physics: Conference Series (2008), 118

MOST has detected p and g-modes in the B supergiant star HD163899. Saio et al. (2006) have explained the driving of g-modes in a post main sequence star by the presence of a convective shell which ... [more ▼]

MOST has detected p and g-modes in the B supergiant star HD163899. Saio et al. (2006) have explained the driving of g-modes in a post main sequence star by the presence of a convective shell which prevents some modes from entering the damping radiative core. We show that this scenario depends on the evolution of the star, with or without mass loss. If the mass loss rate is high enough, the convective shell disappears and all the g-modes are stable. [less ▲]

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