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See detailThe current quark mass and the regularisation of the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio action
Jaminon, Martine ULiege; Ripka, Georges; Stassart, Pierre ULiege

in Physics Letters B (1989), 227

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See detailCurrent research in Sport Pedagogy
Cloes, Marc ULiege

Conference (2012, October 20)

Sport pedagogy is a discipline aimed at providing scientific data on the education and training in the different contexts in the field of sport and physical activity: education, coaching, recreation ... [more ▼]

Sport pedagogy is a discipline aimed at providing scientific data on the education and training in the different contexts in the field of sport and physical activity: education, coaching, recreation, rehabilitation … Using traditionally descriptive, correlational and experimental approaches, it is focused as much on the main actors (participants and educators) than on contents or on curricula. Its main objectives consist to improve the knowledge and the field practice of the physical educators and their trainers. Most studies in sport pedagogy are conducted in the school context as physical education remains a central concern of researchers. Nevertheless, since two decades, the place of the science of coaching grows slowly while researches in leisure and rehabilitation are still quite rare. In parallel, physical activity and the fight against one sedentary lifestyle became really important in the preoccupations of most of the researchers. Moreover, two important concepts are developing nowadays: accountability and literacy. This underlines that physical educators are expected to meet the goals that modern society emphasizes: efficiency and effectiveness. Quality is now regularly identified as a priority or even a prerequisite. Current researches in sport pedagogy is become complex as they mobilize more and more often complementary approaches taking into account all the involved actors and environment. Moreover, subjects became central with the development of action researches and communities of practices. [less ▲]

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See detailCurrent review of the SarQoL®: a health-related quality of life questionnaire specific to sarcopenia
Beaudart, Charlotte ULiege; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULiege; Geerinck, Anton ULiege et al

in Expert Reviews of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research (2017), (On line),

INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia, defined by a progressive and generalized loss of muscle mass and muscle function, is associated with many harmful clinical consequences. Several studies have reported the impact ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia, defined by a progressive and generalized loss of muscle mass and muscle function, is associated with many harmful clinical consequences. Several studies have reported the impact of sarcopenia on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) using generic quality of life (QoL) questionnaires. The results of these observational studies are quite heterogenous. Indeed, generic tools may not be able to detect subtle effects of sarcopenia on QoL. Recently, a sarcopenia-specific HRQoL questionnaire was developed and validated in a population of sarcopenic subjects to more accurately assess the impact of sarcopenia on QoL. Areas covered: The purpose of this review is to present evidence regarding the impact of sarcopenia on QoL and to introduce a new specific HRQoL questionnaire, the SarQoL®. Expert commentary: The self-administered SarQoL®, initially developed in French, comprises 55 items translated into 22 questions. The questionnaire has been shown to be understandable, valid, consistent, and reliable and can therefore be recommended for clinical and research purposes. The questionnaire is now available in 11 different languages with another 20 translations in progress. The instrument's sensitivity to change still needs to be assessed in future longitudinal studies. [less ▲]

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See detailCurrent role of glucosamine in the treatment of osteoarthritis
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULiege; Bruyère, Olivier ULiege; Neuprez, Audrey

in Rheumatology (2007), 46(5), 731-735

Objectives. To evaluate the interest of using the various preparations of glucosamine for symptomatic and structural management of osteoarthritis (OA). Methods. A critical analysis of the literature based ... [more ▼]

Objectives. To evaluate the interest of using the various preparations of glucosamine for symptomatic and structural management of osteoarthritis (OA). Methods. A critical analysis of the literature based on an exhaustive search (Medline, PubMed and manual search within the bibliography of retrieved manuscripts) from 1980 to 2005. Results. Despite multiple controlled clinical trials of the use of glucosamine in OA (mainly of the knee), controversy on efficacy related to symptomatic improvement continues. Differences in results originate from the differences in products, study design and study populations. Symptomatic efficacy described in multiple studies performed with glucosamine sulphate (GS) support continued consideration in the OA therapeutic armamentarium. The most compelling evidence of a potential for inhibiting the progression of OA is also obtain with GS. Conclusions. GS has shown positive effects on symptomatic and structural outcomes of knee OA. These results should not be extrapolated to other glucosamine salts [hydrochloride or preparations (over-the-counter or food supplements)] in which no warranty exists about content, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the tablets. [less ▲]

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See detailCurrent roles for allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation following nonmyeloablative or reduced-intensity conditioning.
Baron, Frédéric ULiege; Storb, Rainer

in Clinical Advances in Hematology & Oncology (2005), 3(10), 799-819

Nonmyeloablative and reduced-intensity conditioning regimens followed by allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) have been evaluated in patients with hematologic malignancies who were not ... [more ▼]

Nonmyeloablative and reduced-intensity conditioning regimens followed by allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) have been evaluated in patients with hematologic malignancies who were not considered candidates for conventional HCT because of age or medical comorbidities and in selected patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. The regimens have relied more on graft-versus-tumor effects than on chemoradiation therapy to facilitate engraftment and eradicate malignant cells. While nonmyeloablative HCT has been associated with reduced regimen-related toxicities and has been curative for a number of patients with hematologic malignancies, challenges have remained in regard to graft-versus-host disease, infections, and disease progression. In this article, we review data from a number of published phase I and II studies that describe the results of allogeneic HCT after nonmyeloablative conditioning. [less ▲]

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See detailThe current situation of pesticides use in developing countries: problems and solutions
Wynn, Nigel; Deuse, J.P.L.; Schiffers, Bruno ULiege et al

Report (1996)

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See detailThe current situation of wild mammals in Belgium: an outline
Libois, Roland ULiege

in Hystrix: the Italian Journal of Mammalogy (1996), 8(1-2), 35-41

The distrbution of the wild mammals of Belgium has been intensively stutied during the years '78-81'. It was the first time that such a work was undertaken in Belgium and could lead to a better ... [more ▼]

The distrbution of the wild mammals of Belgium has been intensively stutied during the years '78-81'. It was the first time that such a work was undertaken in Belgium and could lead to a better understanding of the current status of the different species. Conservation measures were olso proposed to the political authorities who thereafter edicted a legal protection of the most vulnerable species. Unfortunately, habitat protection is rather unachieved and the situation of the most endangered species is still getting worse. [less ▲]

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See detailThe current state of microwear research and the importance of Africa for its future
Rots, Veerle ULiege

Scientific conference (2003, April 04)

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See detailCurrent status of brain imaging in sleep medicine
Maquet, Pierre ULiege

in Sleep Medicine Reviews (2005), 9(3), 155-156

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See detailCurrent status of edible insect industry and research in Europe with a particular focus on the Belgian case
Caparros Megido, Rudy ULiege; Alabi, Taofic ULiege; Haubruge, Eric ULiege et al

Conference (2016)

Since the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) announcement, in 2013, of an edible insect program, entomophagy (i.e. the consumption of edible insects) is actually considered as a ... [more ▼]

Since the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) announcement, in 2013, of an edible insect program, entomophagy (i.e. the consumption of edible insects) is actually considered as a future ecological alternative to protein supply in Europe. However, success in introducing entomophagy in Western societies depends on factors governing current legislation adaptation and consumers’ attitudes towards insect-based products. Firstly, current legislative brake for the development of insect industry and future adaptation of this legislation will be explained and discussed. As an example, few edible insect species are allowed in Europe (at least 10 species and only in Belgium) and among them, some insects are rather intended for human consumption, as Acheta domestica (L. 1758), while others are more targeted for feed since they are reared on decaying organic matter, such as Hermetia illucens (L. 1758) but are still not allowed. Secondly, a quick presentation of the actual European research projects on edible insects will be presented to show the real interest for this new protein source in Europe. Thirdly, the actual growing business of edible insect will be presented as despite the lack of clear legislative frameworks before 2017, insect breading and insect processing companies are created every month and try to ride the wave of edible insects. Finally, a new consumer acceptance study from our laboratory will be presented, as highlighted before, consumer acceptance is big concern for edible insect business in Europe. Effectively, edible insect is very unconventional in Europe and new insect-based products must be deeply studied before any relying on the market. [less ▲]

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See detailCurrent status of fasciolosis in Vietnam: an update and perspectives
Bui Thi, Dung ULiege; Pham, Ngoc Doanh; Saegerman, Claude ULiege et al

in Journal of Helminthology (2015)

Vietnam is recognized as endemic for fasciolosis. However, most of the available publications have not been published in international journals. This review is based on national and international ... [more ▼]

Vietnam is recognized as endemic for fasciolosis. However, most of the available publications have not been published in international journals. This review is based on national and international Vietnamese publications and highlights the current status of fasciolosis in Vietnam. It also provides some information available in neighboring countries. Updated data on responsible species, distribution, transmission and control aspects, are summarized. The Central region of Vietnam is reported as being highly endemic for fasciolosis with a high number of human patients (more than 20.000 in 2011). Fasciola gigantica is reported as the main species in Vietnam. However, hybrids between F. gigantica and F. hepatica were identified. Both human and animals are infected by the ingestion of raw vegetables and possibly contaminated drinking water. Three lymnaeid snail species (Austropeplea viridis, Radix auricularia, Radix rubiginosa) may act as intermediate host of Fasciola spp. However due to the likely misidentification of snail species and cercariae during the previous decade the critical analysis of published data is difficult. A better understanding of transmission aspects of fasciolosis would allow the implementation of preventive measures of this important neglected zoonotic disease. [less ▲]

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See detailCurrent Status of fluoride salts to treat postmenopausal osteoporosis
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULiege; Paul, I.; Gosset, Christiane ULiege

in Current Opinion in Orthopaedics (1998), 9(V), 7-10

Fluoride has been used over the past 25 years as a potential treatment of established osteoporosis. Notwithstanding a consensus over its ability to stimulate bone formation, discrepant results were ... [more ▼]

Fluoride has been used over the past 25 years as a potential treatment of established osteoporosis. Notwithstanding a consensus over its ability to stimulate bone formation, discrepant results were published relating to its antifracture efficacy. Differences in the published results are likely to be linked to therapeutic regimens, fluoride formulation, and the nature of the treated populations. A critical review of the published data evaluating the antifracture efficacy of fluoride leads to the conclusion that this substance should be mainly used in postmenopausal women with low bone mineral density without prevalent fracture, that low-dose fluoride for a prolonged period should be preferred to high doses for short-term treatment, and that gastroresistant preparations are likely to be better tolerated than fluoride. [less ▲]

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See detailCurrent status of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation after nonmyeloablative conditioning
Baron, Frédéric ULiege; Sandmaier, B. M.

in Current Opinion in Hematology (2005), 12(6), 435-443

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See detailCurrent status of scrapie. CAB review for Perspectives in Agriculture
Saegerman, Claude ULiege; Vanopdenbosch, E.; Berkvens, D.

in CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources (2007), 2(027),

Despite being controlled in many developed countries, scrapie remains endemic in many parts of the world. Economic losses result from mortality and culling of small ruminants and from market restrictions ... [more ▼]

Despite being controlled in many developed countries, scrapie remains endemic in many parts of the world. Economic losses result from mortality and culling of small ruminants and from market restrictions. Moreover, it is difficult to develop all-inclusive guidelines that could establish a scrapie-free status for a country. Unfortunately, the global picture remains incomplete because in many countries confusion still remains regarding the clinical picture of scrapie and information is not available owing to the absence of adequate epidemiosurveillance networks. Currently, the predominant theory is that PrPSc is the infectious agent where host genetic factors play a central role. The precise transmission routes of scrapie and their relative contributions to the overall transmission intensity remain poorly documented and the physiopathology is not fully understood. However, it is evident that the purchase of female sheep from scrapie flocks, sharing pastures with scrapie flocks, sharing breeding rams and genetic host susceptibility are the main risk factors for the spread of the disease. A better understanding of the epidemiology of scrapie would greatly aid the development and evaluation of control and eradication strategies that were mainly based on selective depopulation of infected animals and genetically susceptible and/or related animals and also on the biosecurity and the use of selective genetic breeding programmes in healthy flocks. Some numbers of a new transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) form in small ruminants (atypical scrapie) have meanwhile been identified by TSE rapid testing using an assay, which also recognizes comparatively less proteinase K-resistant PrPSc. Uncertainties remain regarding the pathogenesis of this new TSE form, as well as regarding its potential transmissibility within the affected species and to other species. Thus far, no bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) cases have been confirmed in sheep under natural conditions (a report of vertical transmission after experimental infection merits attention), but two historical cases of BSE in goats born in the 1990s have been identified. Currently BSE must also be considered in the differential diagnosis of scrapie. The development of prevention and control programmes should be assisted by new scientific findings. [less ▲]

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See detailCurrent status of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies in ruminants
Thiry, Etienne ULiege; Saegerman, Claude ULiege; Xambeu, Laurence et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2004), 8

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See detailCurrent systematic carbon-cycle observations and the need for implementing a policy-relevant carbon observing system
Ciais, P.; Dolman, A. J.; Bombelli, A. et al

in Biogeosciences (2014), 11(13), 3547--3602

A globally integrated carbon observation and analysis system is needed to improve the fundamental understanding of the global carbon cycle, to improve our ability to project future changes, and to verify ... [more ▼]

A globally integrated carbon observation and analysis system is needed to improve the fundamental understanding of the global carbon cycle, to improve our ability to project future changes, and to verify the effectiveness of policies aiming to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase carbon sequestration. Building an integrated carbon observation system requires transformational advances from the existing sparse, exploratory framework towards a dense, robust, and sustained system in all components: anthropogenic emissions, the atmosphere, the ocean, and the terrestrial biosphere. The paper is addressed to scientists, policymakers, and funding agencies who need to have a global picture of the current state of the (diverse) carbon observations.We identify the current state of carbon observations, and the needs and notional requirements for a global integrated carbon observation system that can be built in the next decade. A key conclusion is the substantial expansion of the ground-based observation networks required to reach the high spatial resolution for CO2 and CH4 fluxes, and for carbon stocks for addressing policy-relevant objectives, and attributing flux changes to underlying processes in each region. In order to establish flux and stock diagnostics over areas such as the southern oceans, tropical forests, and the Arctic, in situ observations will have to be complemented with remote-sensing measurements. Remote sensing offers the advantage of dense spatial coverage and frequent revisit. A key challenge is to bring remote-sensing measurements to a level of long-term consistency and accuracy so that they can be efficiently combined in models to reduce uncertainties, in synergy with groundbased data. Bringing tight observational constraints on fossil fuel and land use change emissions will be the biggest challenge for deployment of a policy-relevant integrated carbon observation system. This will require in situ and remotely sensed data at much higher resolution and density than currently achieved for natural fluxes, although over a small land area (cities, industrial sites, power plants), as well as the inclusion of fossil fuel CO2 proxy measurements such as radiocarbon in CO2 and carbon-fuel combustion tracers. Additionally, a policy-relevant carbon monitoring system should also provide mechanisms for reconciling regional top-down (atmosphere-based) and bottom-up (surface-based) flux estimates across the range of spatial and temporal scales relevant to mitigation policies. In addition, uncertainties for each observation data-stream should be assessed. The success of the system will rely on long-term commitments to monitoring, on improved international collaboration to fill gaps in the current observations, on sustained efforts to improve access to the different data streams and make databases interoperable, and on the calibration of each component of the system to agreed-upon international scales. [less ▲]

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See detailCurrent themes in social economy research
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULiege; Lévesque, Benoît; McPherson, Ian

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2009), 80(2), 163-344

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (20 ULiège)
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See detailCurrent therapies for shingles
Nikkels, Arjen ULiege; Pierard, Gérald ULiege

in Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs (1996), 5

Current management of shingles relies on antiviral therapy. The efficacy of acyclovir in varicella-zoster virus replication is now well established, with a beneficial impact on zoster-associated pain, but ... [more ▼]

Current management of shingles relies on antiviral therapy. The efficacy of acyclovir in varicella-zoster virus replication is now well established, with a beneficial impact on zoster-associated pain, but its moderate bioavailability renders five oral daily doses mandatory. Recent anti-VZV drug research has been oriented towards agents with increased oral bioavailability. Famciclovir and valaciclovir were originally developed as oral prodrugs for^penciclovir and acyclovir, respectively, but, together with the new antivirals, sorivudine and brovavir, they appear to be effective as oral therapy for shingles. Ongoing clinical trials will determine their relative merits in the management of shingles. The experimental agents H2G, HPMPC, mappicine ketone and A-73209 have potential in the treatment of VZV and are undergoing further investigation and development. [less ▲]

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