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See detailEffect of infliximab treatment on colonic mucosal gene expression profiles in patients with inflammatory bowel disease
Arijs, I.; Quintens, R.; Van Lommel, L. et al

in Gut (2008), 57(Suppl II), 39

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See detailEffect of inhaled fluticasone on airway reactivity and 8-Iso-PGF2 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of cats
Kirschvink, N.; Leemans, J.; Delvaux, François ULg et al

in 5th China - France Pharmacological Joint Symposium - Beijing - France - Octobre 2004 (2004, October)

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See detailEffect of inhaled fluticasone on airway reactivity and inflammation in cats.
Kirschvink, N.; Leemans, J.; Delvaux, F. et al

in 22nd Veterinary and Comparative Respiratory Society Symposium - Montreal- Canada - Octobre 2004 (2004, October)

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See detailEffect Of Inhibitors Of Histone Deacetylase On The Induction Of Cell Differentiation In Murine And Human Erythroleukemia Cell Lines
Wittich, S.; Scherf, H.; Xie, Cp. et al

in Anti-Cancer Drugs (2005), 16(6),

Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are a novel class of promising anti-cancer agents. Little information is available on the capacity of structurally different HDAC inhibitors to induce terminal cell ... [more ▼]

Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are a novel class of promising anti-cancer agents. Little information is available on the capacity of structurally different HDAC inhibitors to induce terminal cell differentiation in different cell types in relation to enzyme inhibition and subtype selectivity. Consequently, the aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive comparison of these effects. New biarylalanine inhibitors of HDAC were synthesized and compared to a series of standard inhibitors from different laboratories. Chromatographically purified rat liver and immunoprecipitated FLAG-tagged recombinant human HDACs were used as sources of HDAC activity. Enzyme inhibition was studied using a fluorescent substrate and its conversion was monitored by high-performance liquid chromatography. The ability to induce cell differentiation was compared in murine (Friend DS-19) and human (K562) erythroleukemic cell lines, and was quantified by benzidine staining. Inhibition of cell proliferation was evaluated by cell counting. All HDAC inhibitors were identified as potent inhibitors of erythroleukemic cell proliferation. However, we observed a complex pattern of differentiation induction: structurally similar inhibitors resulted in disparate activity profiles, whereas similar profiles were detected within distinct structural classes. Among the newly synthesized biarylalanine compounds, a 3'-methoxy derivative was identified as a very effective inducer of terminal cell differentiation. We conclude that investigation of subtype selectivity of selected HDAC inhibitors does not provide a clear link between selectivity and the observed cellular activity profile. The predictive value of in vitro HDAC inhibition assays for identifying anti-proliferative compounds has been emphasized. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of initial imperfections in numerical simulations of collapse behaviour of stiffened plates under compression
André, I.; Degée, Hervé ULg; De Ville De Goyet, Vincent ULg et al

in Proceedings of the Third European Conference on Steel Structures (2002)

The slenderness of plated structures together with a generalised use of high strength steel leads to a great importance of stability phenomena. The practical way to deal with such problems is to use rules ... [more ▼]

The slenderness of plated structures together with a generalised use of high strength steel leads to a great importance of stability phenomena. The practical way to deal with such problems is to use rules proposed in design codes. A common alternative to design codes is the use of non linear finite element simulations. One of the most sensitive point in these simulations is the choice of the initial imperfections to be introduced in the model. The present paper discusses the effect of initial imperfections on the calculated collapse load. Several parameters are considered (shape, magnitude and direction). Results of numerical simulations are also compared with those of a design using Eurocode 3 or ECCS Recommendations. Two cases of plate geometry are studied (plate with one single stiffener and plate with multiple stiffeners). [less ▲]

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See detailEffect Of Inoculum And Pepsin-Pancreatin Hydrolysis On Fibre Fermentation Mecasured By The Gas Production Technique In Pigs
Bindelle, Jérôme ULg; Buldgen, André; Boudry, Christelle ULg et al

in Animal Feed Science & Technology (2007), 132(1-2), 111-122

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See detailThe effect of inspired gas density on pulmonary artery transmural pressure and exercise induced pulmonary haemorrhage
Deaton, C. M.; Brown-Feltner, H.; Henley, W. E. et al

in Equine Veterinary Journal (2006), 36(Suppl), 490-94

REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Pulmonary capillary stress failure, largely as a result of high pulmonary vascular pressures, has been implicated in the aetiology of EIPH. However, the role of the ... [more ▼]

REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Pulmonary capillary stress failure, largely as a result of high pulmonary vascular pressures, has been implicated in the aetiology of EIPH. However, the role of the respiratory system in determining the magnitude of EIPH has received little attention. HYPOTHESIS: Horses breathing a gas of greater density than air will exhibit greater transmural pulmonary arterial pressures (TPAP) and more severe EIPH, and horses breathing a gas of lower density than air will exhibit lower TPAP and less severe EIPH, both compared with horses breathing air. METHODS: Following a warm-up, 8 Thoroughbred horses were exercised for 1 min at 10, 11 and 12 m/sec (5 degrees incline) breathing air or 21% oxygen/79% helium or 21% oxygen/79% argon in a randomised order. Heart rate, respiratory rate, pulmonary arterial pressure and oesophageal pressure were measured during exercise. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected from the dorsocaudal regions of the left and right lungs 40 min post exercise and red blood cell (RBC) counts were performed. RESULTS: The exercise tests induced mild EIPH. Maximum changes in oesophageal pressure were lower on helium-oxygen compared to argon-oxygen (P<0.001). TPAP and median RBC counts did not differ between gas mixtures. BALF RBC counts from the left lung correlated with counts from the right lung (P<0.0001). However BALF RBC counts from the left lung were higher than those from the right lung (P = 0.004). CONCLUSION: As alterations in pulmonary arterial and oesophageal pressure caused by changes in inspired gas density were of similar magnitude, TPAP remained unchanged and there was no significant effect on EIPH severity. POTENTIAL RELEVANCE: Manipulations that decrease swings in intrapleural pressure may only decrease the degree of EIPH in horses severely affected by the condition [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of instillation into lung of autologous blood on pulmonary function and tracheobronchial wash cytology
Art, Tatiana ULg; Tack, S.; Kirschvink, Nathalie et al

in Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement (2002), 34

This study aimed at measuring the functional consequences and the pulmonary cytology changes following a simulation of pulmonary haemorrhage. Pulmonary function tests including lobeline-induced ... [more ▼]

This study aimed at measuring the functional consequences and the pulmonary cytology changes following a simulation of pulmonary haemorrhage. Pulmonary function tests including lobeline-induced hyperventilation, cytology of tracheo-bronchial wash (TBW) and thoracic radiographs were performed before, as well as 1, 7, 14 and 28 days after, the instillation of 300 ml of blood into the lungs of 4 horses deemed free of exercise-induced pulmonary haemorrhage (Group 1). Control data (Group 2) were obtained by instilling the same volume of saline into the lungs of the same horses in a crossover design (control). The instillation of blood or saline resulted in an increase in the number of neutrophils in the TBW. Thoracic radiographs showed increased opacity in the caudodorsal region of the lungs in 4/4 (Day 1) and 2/4 horses (Day 7), in Group 1, and in 2/4 (Day 1) and 0/4 horses (Day 7) in the control group. These changes were attributed to the instillation procedure rather than the nature of the instilled material. Breathing mechanics and arterial blood gases at rest were not affected in either Groups 1 or 2. However, the maximal expiratory peak flow recorded during lobeline-induced hyperventilation was significantly lower (P<0.05) and the total pulmonary resistance significantly higher (P<0.05) on Day 1 in Group 1, but not Group 2. These observations suggest that expiratory flows might be partly limited in bleeders when breathing at high airflow [less ▲]

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See detailThe effect of insulin injection on the glucose metabolism of the chicken embryo
Franssens, Lies; Willems, Els; Willemsen, Hilke et al

Poster (2011)

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See detailEffect of intensive exercise on plasmatic neutrophil elastase level in eventing and endurance horses
Lejeune, Jean-Philippe ULg; Sandersen, Charlotte ULg; Votion, Dominique ULg et al

in Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement (2010), 48

Reasons for performing the study – Intensive exercise induces a systemic inflammatory response characterized by an increase of blood neutrophil count and myeloperoxidase (MPO) release. Neutrophil elastase ... [more ▼]

Reasons for performing the study – Intensive exercise induces a systemic inflammatory response characterized by an increase of blood neutrophil count and myeloperoxidase (MPO) release. Neutrophil elastase (NE) could also contribute to tissues lesions by their proteinase activities. Objective – To compare plasmatic NE concentrations before and after different forms of intensive exercise. Materials and Methods – EDTA blood samples were taken from 51 eventing horses (EvH) and 32 endurance horses (EndH) were sampled before the race (T0). Blood sampling was performed 2 h (T1) after completing either phase D of a one or two star eventing competition (n=51) or a 120 or 160 km endurance race (n=32). Plasmatic NE and MPO were measured by a specific equine ELISA. Neutrophil counts and creatine kinase (CK) levels were also measured. A Wilcoxon test for paired samples was used to compare mean values of neutrophils, CK, MPO and NE at T0 and T1 in EvH and in EndH. Correlations were calculated between all the 4 parameters in EvH and EndH. Results – At T0, mean NE levels were 14.43 ± 3.63 ng/ml for EvH and 11.7 ± 2.11 ng/ml for EndH. The competition induced a significant increase of NE levels in (58.57 ± 24.06 ng/mL) EvH and (95.74 ± 22.70 ng/mL) EndH (p < 0,05). NE was significantly (p < 0,0001) correlated to MPO in EvH (r = 0.293) and EndH (0.594) and to CK (r = 0.297) in EndH (p<0.0001). Neutrophils, CK and MPO were significantly increased between T0 and T1 in both types of horses. Conclusions – Significant increase of NE was observed after intense exercise with a significant correlation between NE and MPO. The huge variability in MPO and ELT, indicates, that not all horses show the same intensity of systemic inflammatory response. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of Interferon-Gamma and Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha on Lymphoepithelial Interactions within Thymic Nurse Cells
Defresne, Marie-Paule ULg; Humblet, Chantal ULg; Rongy, A. M. et al

in European Journal of Immunology (1990), 20(2), 429-32

Isolated thymic nurse cells (TNC) represent a specialized microenvironment in vivo where thymocytes interact specifically with subcapsular epithelial cells. They are thought to play a critical role in the ... [more ▼]

Isolated thymic nurse cells (TNC) represent a specialized microenvironment in vivo where thymocytes interact specifically with subcapsular epithelial cells. They are thought to play a critical role in the process of T cell differentiation. We demonstrate that recombinant murine interferon-gamma and recombinant human tumor necrosis factor-alpha can act on these interactions: they stimulate TNC-derived epithelial cells to establish interactions with thymocytes in vitro and to form new lymphoepithelial complexes. This phenomenon is partially inhibited by anti-Ia monoclonal antibodies. Implications of these findings for normal intrathymic differentiation are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of intermittent and continuous exposure to electromagnetic fields on cultured hippocampal cells
Boland, André ULg; Gabriel, Danielle ULg; Breeur, Danielle ULg et al

in Bioelectromagnetics (2002), 23(2), 97-105

This study was designed to assess the effect of 50 Hz electromagnetic fields (EMFs) on hippocampal cell cultures in the presence or absence of either sodium nitroprusside (SNP, a NO donor) or Fe2+ induced ... [more ▼]

This study was designed to assess the effect of 50 Hz electromagnetic fields (EMFs) on hippocampal cell cultures in the presence or absence of either sodium nitroprusside (SNP, a NO donor) or Fe2+ induced oxidative stress. One week old cultured rat hippocampal cells were exposed to either intermittent EMFs (IEMFs, 50 Hz, 0-5 mT, 1 min ON/OFF cycles, repeated 10 times every 2 h, 6 times/day during 48 h) or continuous EMFs (CEMFs, 50 Hz, 0-5 mT for 48 h). In a second set of experiments, the effect on such EMFs applied in combination with oxidative stress induced by 0.5 microM Fe2+ or SNP was estimated. At the end of both sets of experiments, cell mortality was assessed by lactate dehydrogenase measurements (LDH). Neither type of exposure to EMFs was observed to modify the basal rate of cell mortality. The exposure to CEMFs in presence of either NO or Fe2+ did not induce any significant increase in cell death. However, when cells were exposed to EMFs in the presence of NO, we observed a significant increase in cell death of 11 and 23% (P<0.001) at 2.5 and 5 mT, respectively. This effect had some specificity because IEMFs did not modify the effect of Fe2+ on cell mortality. Although the effects of IEMFs reported in this study were only observed at very high intensities, our model may prove valuable in trying to identify one cellular target of EMFs. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of intra-operative magnesium sulphate on pain relief and patient comfort after major lumbar orthopaedic surgery
Levaux, Christine ULg; Bonhomme, Vincent ULg; Dewandre, Pierre-Yves et al

in Anaesthesia (2003), 58(2), 131-135

The effects of intra-operative magnesium sulphate on pain relief after major lumbar surgery were investigated in 24 patients. Patients were randomly allocated to receive either an infusion of 50 mg x kg ... [more ▼]

The effects of intra-operative magnesium sulphate on pain relief after major lumbar surgery were investigated in 24 patients. Patients were randomly allocated to receive either an infusion of 50 mg x kg(-1) magnesium sulphate or an equivalent volume of saline at induction of anaesthesia. Anaesthesia was induced with propofol and remifentanil. Tracheal intubation was facilitated using rocuronium. Maintenance was achieved with remifentanil and sevoflurane in nitrous oxide/ oxygen. Intra-operative monitoring included standard equipment and neuromuscular transmission. During surgery, neuromuscular block recovery was longer in the magnesium group. Postoperative opioid consumption and pain scores were lower in the magnesium group. The first night's sleep and the global satisfaction scores were better in the magnesium group. The results of the study support magnesium sulphate as a useful adjuvant for postoperative analgesia after major lumbar surgery. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Effect of Intravenous Administration of Web 2086 on Paf-Induced Platelet Aggregation in Healthy Friesian Calves
Bastos da Silva, Miriam; Gustin, Pascal ULg; Herion, Francine ULg et al

in Veterinary Research Communications (1997), 21(7), 521-531

The in vivo ability of the specific PAF-antagonist WEB 2086, a thienotriazolodiazepine, to inhibit platelet-activating factor (PAF) in cattle was investigated by in vitro determination of platelet ... [more ▼]

The in vivo ability of the specific PAF-antagonist WEB 2086, a thienotriazolodiazepine, to inhibit platelet-activating factor (PAF) in cattle was investigated by in vitro determination of platelet aggregation curves. WEB 2086 was infused intravenously into a group of 5 healthy male Friesian calves in a dose of 3 mg/kg over 1 min. The resultant inhibition peaked between 30 min and 1 h after administration of WEB 2086. The inhibition was significantly reduced after 3 h and became non-significant after 6 h, but maximal pre-treatment aggregation had not been restored by 24 h after the injection of WEB 2086. These results confirm previous results obtained in vitro and suggest that WEB 2086 is a potent antagonist of PAF activity in calves. They also suggest that further clinical studies with WEB 2086 in cattle are desirable. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of intravenous and aerosol administration of 5-hydroxytryptamine on pulmonary function values in healthy calves
Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Linden, Annick ULg; Rollin, Frédéric ULg et al

in American Journal of Veterinary Research (1992), 53(3), 315-320

Effects of IV and aerosol administration of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) on ventilation, pulmonary mechanics values, pulmonary arterial pressure, and heart rate were investigated in healthy unsedated ... [more ▼]

Effects of IV and aerosol administration of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) on ventilation, pulmonary mechanics values, pulmonary arterial pressure, and heart rate were investigated in healthy unsedated Friesian calves. Minute volume increased significantly, mainly because of an increase in respiratory rate. Except for total pulmonary resistance after bolus injection, continuous administration of 5-HT given by either route caused significant alterations of lung dynamic compliance and total pulmonary resistance, the former decreasing to one-fifth of its baseline value and the latter increasing twofold. Pulmonary arterial pressure increased significantly, whatever the speed or route of administration. Administration of a bolus did not affect heart rate, whereas continuous IV administration of 5-HT as well by perfusion or by aerosol resulted in sustained tachycardia. It was concluded that 5-HT induces reversible bronchoconstriction and pulmonary vasoconstriction in healthy unsedated calves, 5-HT-induced functional alterations depend on the speed of administration, and excess of 5-HT production or depression in uptake by the lungs during bovine respiratory tract diseases could contribute to pulmonary dysfunction. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of intravenous lidocaine on the depth of propofol anesthesia assessed by the bispectral index (BIS)
Delangh, Virginie; Hans, Grégory ULg; Kaba, Abdourahmane ULg et al

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica (2008, June 14), 59(3), 206

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See detailEffect of Intravenous Platelet-Activating Factor on Bovine Pulmonary Mast Cells
Jolly, Sandra ULg; Thomas, Cédric; Genicot, Bruno et al

in Journal of Comparative Pathology (2001), 125(Aug-Oct), 81-89

The effect of platelet-activating factor (PAF) on bovine pulmonary mast cells (MCs) was investigated in calves aged 1-4 months. PAF was administered over a 5-min period at a rate of 50 ng/kg/min to six ... [more ▼]

The effect of platelet-activating factor (PAF) on bovine pulmonary mast cells (MCs) was investigated in calves aged 1-4 months. PAF was administered over a 5-min period at a rate of 50 ng/kg/min to six animals, which were killed approximately 10 min later. No macroscopical lesions were observed in the lung tissue of five control calves. On semi-thin toluidine-blue stained sections, MC cytoplasm showed profuse deep-blue granulation. In the lung tissues of PAF-treated calves, striking interstitial, alveolar and interlobular oedema and emphysema were observed. MC granules occurred at the periphery of the cytoplasm and MC nuclei were easily detectable. Moreover, the number of granules in the MC cytoplasm was remarkably low. A few granules with some metachromatic material were sometimes detected outside the cell limits. Ultrastructurally, the matrix pattern of the MC granules in lung tissues of control calves was either amorphous or granular. In lung tissues of the PAF-treated calves, the granular matrix pattern was pronounced, varying from fine- to coarse-grained, and the MCs were of reduced size, with many filiform processes and exocytotic vesicles. These findings indicate that pulmonary MC degranulation was induced by PAF in healthy calves. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of inventory plot patterns in the floristic analysis of tropical woodland and dense forest
Houeto, Georges; Glele Kakai, Romain L.; Salako, Valère et al

in African Journal of Ecology (2013), 51(3),

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