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See detailL'économie solidaire à l'épreuve de la pratique : Contribution à une grammaire sociologique des dispositifs argumentaires
Frère, Bruno ULg

Doctoral thesis (2006)

This work represents an analysis of ideological positions in solidary economy. It attempts to answer the following question : Could the solidary economy resolve the crisis of modern societies ? To answer ... [more ▼]

This work represents an analysis of ideological positions in solidary economy. It attempts to answer the following question : Could the solidary economy resolve the crisis of modern societies ? To answer, we tried to establish the ideological consistency of the solidary economy since his birth in the 19th century. A solidary and associative imaginary was born at this time in the first cooperatives. It disappeared during a century before being revived firstly in the alternative economy and secondly in the solidary economy. After having studied contemporary forms of this imaginary in a second part, we show in a third part that this ideological coherence is pervaded by oppositions which divide associations according to four topics of argumentation. Because these associations have not found adequate compromises between these argumentative topics, the hope that the solidary economy might help solving the modern crisis remains moderate. [less ▲]

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See detailEconomie solidaire et imaginaire de la pratique dans la mouvance altermondialiste
Frère, Bruno ULg

in Delwitte, Pascal; Jacquemain, Marc (Eds.) Engagements d'actualité, actualité d'engagements (2010)

Dans un premier temps, je voudrais exposer plus avant l'analyse des spécialistes de l'économie solidaire qui, dans le sillage de Lefort et d'une forme de tradition libertaire, ne jurent que par la micro ... [more ▼]

Dans un premier temps, je voudrais exposer plus avant l'analyse des spécialistes de l'économie solidaire qui, dans le sillage de Lefort et d'une forme de tradition libertaire, ne jurent que par la micro-cité politique que serait l'association solidaire, laquelle ne s'encombre pas de discours mais « agit ». Il s'agira de déployer cette grammaire de la politique comme « praxis » aux tonalités libertaires qui articulent toutes à la fois les discours des acteurs de l'économie solidaire et celui des spécialistes qui en parlent. Dans un second temps je tenterai de montrer comment les membres du MES et les chercheurs se prévalent du lexique de la praxis et de l'anti-autoritarisme pour revendiquer une place qu'ils voudraient majeur sur les forums altermondialistes pour éviter que ceux-ci ne soient accaparés par des organisations politiques et syndicales qui s'en tiennent à la dénonciation sans toucher à l'action. En évoquant les affaires qui ont opposé le MES dans le courant altermondialiste au grandes figures françaises de celui-ci (comme le Monde-Diplomatique et ATTAC-France), je tenterai de montrer dans un troisième et un quatrième temps combien le rejet d'une série d'organisations du côté de l'extrême-gauche trotskiste ou léniniste, au nom de la beauté spontanément politique des associations solidaires, voile en réalité le véritable problème de fond : celui de l'organisation du pouvoir et de la représentation. A force de ne pas être posé, ce problème confine souvent les différentes composantes du mouvement alter en général et l'économie solidaire en particulier, à un corporatisme qui peut apparaître inquiétant à ceux-là même qui entendent refonder la politique par la participation et l'association (cinquième temps). Enfin je terminerai par une nouvelle question : praxis et représentation politique sont-elles compatibles ? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (1 ULg)
See detailL'économie wallonne : construction et déconstruction historiographique d'un concept
Xhayet, Geneviève ULg

in Destatte, Philippe (Ed.) Innovation, savoir-faire, performance. Vers une histoire économique de la Wallonie (2005)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
See detailEconomies d'énergie dans les usages domestiques et privés
Hauglustaine, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference (1981)

It is not any more need to specify the importance taken by the sector domestic and deprived in the national consumption of energy (27% in 1976) to only include/understand the pressing need have the ... [more ▼]

It is not any more need to specify the importance taken by the sector domestic and deprived in the national consumption of energy (27% in 1976) to only include/understand the pressing need have the households to rationalize the quantity of energy which they consume. And the woman plays a leading role in any choice posed with the household, concerning the construction of a new house, or the improvement of an existing house, or the purchase of any domestic machine. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (1 ULg)
See detailLes économies de dimension dans l'assurance française
Lahaye, J. M.; Pestieau, Pierre ULg; Perelman, Sergio ULg

in Jollivet, B.; Kessler, D. (Eds.) L'assurance européenne (1989)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEconomy studies of steel building frames with semi-rigid joints
Weynand, K.; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; Steenhuis, M.

in Proceedings of the Second World Conference on Constructional Steel Design (1998)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 ULg)
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See detailEcophysiologie de la production végétale: l'exemple du blé
Bodson, Bernard ULg; Falisse, André

in Probio-Revue (1996), 19(1-2), 85-92

Detailed reference viewed: 131 (3 ULg)
See detailLes écoquartiers, une alternative à l'étalement urbain ?
Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference (2011, October 05)

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See detailEl ecosistema Miombo
Malaisse, François ULg

in Ecosystemas de los bosques tropicales informe sobre el estado de los conocimentos (1980)

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See detailEcosystem disturbances: an opportunity for biodiversity persistence
Patiny, Sébastien; Francis, Frédéric ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg et al

in Abstract book (2001)

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See detailEcosystem model (MODECOGeL) of the Ligurian Sea revisited. Seasonal and interannual variability due to atmospheric forcing
Lacroix, Geneviève; Grégoire, Marilaure ULg

in Journal of Marine Systems (2002), 37(4), 229-258

A one-dimensional coupled hydrodynamical–biological model, MODe`le d’ECOsyste`me du G.H.E.R. et du L.O.V. (MODECOGeL), of the water column is developed and applied to the Ligurian Sea (North Western ... [more ▼]

A one-dimensional coupled hydrodynamical–biological model, MODe`le d’ECOsyste`me du G.H.E.R. et du L.O.V. (MODECOGeL), of the water column is developed and applied to the Ligurian Sea (North Western Mediterranean). It is an extended and improved version of the model presented by Lacroix and Nival [J. Mar. Syst. 16 (1998) 23]. The hydrodynamic model is a 1D version of the 3D turbulent closure G.H.E.R. model, which takes into account momentum and heat surface fluxes computed from a real meteorological data set. The ecosystem model is defined by a nitrogen cycle described by 12 biological state variables including several plankton size classes and an explicit description of the bacterial loop. One data set coming from the FRONTAL missions is used to initialise and validate the model. To assess the impact of the interannual variability of the meteorological conditions on the ecosystem dynamics, the coupled model is run with 4-year real meteorological conditions (October 1984–September 1988). The model estimated percentages of the interannual variability of the annual mean biomass of phytoplankton, zooplankton and bacteria respectively of 31.0%, 16.2% and 16.3%. The ontribution of the zooplankton related to the total plankton biomass (phytoplankton, zooplankton and bacteria) has been found to be the most sensitive to the meteorological conditions variations (21%), followed by the phytoplankton (12%) and finally, by the bacteria (5%). The model estimated percentages of interannual variability of the annual gross primary production, the annual mean f-ratio and the annual bacterial production respectively of 27.9%, 18.5% and 13.4% although the interannual variability of the real winds conditions is only of 11.3%. Due to the more windy and less sunny conditions prevailing during the years ‘‘1985–1986’’ and ‘‘1986–1987’’, the annual primary production was found higher than during the years ‘‘1984–1985’’ and ‘‘1987–1988’’. The bacterial production is always greater than the primary production, showing the importance of the bacteria in such an oligotrophic environment. On a seasonal scale, the highest interannual variability of the primary production and the f-ratio is found in spring like for the wind intensity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 82 (3 ULg)
See detailEcosystem response to the atmospheric forcing in the Ligurian Sea in 1997-1999.
Lacroix, Geneviève; Nezlin, Nicolay; Djenidi, Salim ULg

in Proceedings of the 36th CIESM Congress (2001)

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See detailEcosystem Services and Agriculture
Boeraeve, Fanny ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2014)

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See detailEcosystem services in mixed forests and monocultures: comparing stakeholders’ perceptions and scientific knowledge
Carnol, Monique ULg; Branquart, Etienne; Muys, Bart et al

Conference (2010, March)

This study examines the common ground between current scientific knowledge and stakeholders’ perception of ecosystem services in mixed forests versus monocultures. An enquiry was performed within the ... [more ▼]

This study examines the common ground between current scientific knowledge and stakeholders’ perception of ecosystem services in mixed forests versus monocultures. An enquiry was performed within the frame of the project FORBIO aiming at the ‘Assessment of the effects of tree species BIOdiversity on FORest ecosystem functioning’ (http://forbio.biodiversity.be). The objective of this enquiry was to confront the perception of the influence of mixed species stands on ecosystem services in Belgium with actual scientific knowledge. The target groups were forest managers, users and scientists. As a general frame for the questionnaire, the ‘Millenium Ecosystem Assessment’, assessing the consequences of ecosystem change for human well-being, was selected. Respondents were asked to express their degree of agreement with statements related to the provisioning (production/quality, financial return), supporting (biodiversity, nutrient cycling, resistance), regulating (climate, air, soil, water) and cultural (aesthetics, recreation) ecosystem services, comparing mixed species to pure stands. Other questions addressed management objectives and the general profile of participants. The web-based questionnaires (SurveyMonkey) were established in Flemish and in French and invitations to respond were distributed by e-mail among key contact persons of forestry/nature associations, forest managers and scientists. After one month, a total of 142 and 228 responses were collected for the questionnaire in Flemish and in French, respectively. In this paper, we summarize main results by analyzing the profile of respondents and describing their perception of forest ecosystem services. Through the confrontation of this perception with the current scientific knowledge and through the identification of established scientific facts unknown to the general public, we identify gaps in scientific knowledge and ways of improving communication between scientists and managers. [less ▲]

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See detailEcosystem services in mixed forests and monocultures: comparing stakeholders’ perceptions and scientific knowledge
Carnol, Monique ULg; Branquart, Etienne; Muys, Bart et al

in Book of Abstacts, IUFRO 7.01 Conference: Adaptation of Forest Ecosystems to Air Pollution and Climate Change, Antalya 2010 (2010)

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See detailEcosystem services of mixed species forest stands and monocultures: comparing practitioners' and scientists' perceptions with formal scientific knowledge
Carnol, Monique ULg; Baeten, Lander; Branquart, Etienne et al

in Forestry (2014)

Mixed species stands might contribute to important goals of sustainable forest management, such as higher biological diversity, more resistance and resilience to disturbances and higher carbon storage ... [more ▼]

Mixed species stands might contribute to important goals of sustainable forest management, such as higher biological diversity, more resistance and resilience to disturbances and higher carbon storage. Knowledge of stakeholders' perceptions of such ecosystem services in mixed species stands is required for effective policy development. We showed that practitioners' and scientists' perceptions of ecosystem services in mixed species stands in Belgium differed from formal scientific knowledge derived from a synthesis of published studies. The positive perception of supporting, regulating and cultural services in mixed species stands contrasted with less conclusive results from the literature, where positive, negative and neutral effects were reported. Many respondents also signified a lack of information about regulating services. Furthermore, provisioning services were perceived as equal in mixed species stands and monocultures, in contrast to higher productivity demonstrated in mixed species stands in the literature. The regional (Flanders and Wallonia) ecological and socio-economic context influenced both the perception of ecosystem services and of the importance of management objectives. Our results highlighted the need to address the lack of scientific data, to adapt communication to the ecological and socio-economic context, as well as to improve information flow on regulating services and productivity. [less ▲]

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See detailEcosystem Services: an opportunity for agroecology ?
Dufrêne, Marc ULg; Dendoncker, Nicolas

Conference (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (22 ULg)
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See detailL'écosystème d'innovation universitaire de Aalto : une contribution au repérage des acteurs impliqués lors de la phase d'émergence
Froehlicher, Thomas ULg; Barès, Franck

in Management International = International Management = Gestión Internacional (2014), 18(1), 153-165

The aim of this article is to better under- stand how the innovation ecosystem of Aalto University, in Helsinki, Finland, was structured in the early 2000s. Relying on an analysis of secondary data as ... [more ▼]

The aim of this article is to better under- stand how the innovation ecosystem of Aalto University, in Helsinki, Finland, was structured in the early 2000s. Relying on an analysis of secondary data as well as on the principles of a structural analy- sis of the network, we located the actors and their connections over the emergence period of this ecosystem. The results show the coexistence of two spaces organized as socio-cognitive networks able to interact and reinforce each other. A territorialized space, focused on an innovation dynamic built on the convergence strategy of the three university rectors involved at Aalto; and a deterritorialized space built by a community of actors focused on the affir- mation of proposals and ideas to imple- ment new innovation governance practices. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (3 ULg)
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See detailEcosystème de la vicimisation : le cas particulier du milieu scolaire
Born, Michel ULg; Gavray, Claire ULg

in Born, Michel; Kéfer, F.; Lemaître, A. (Eds.) Une criminologie de la tradition à l'innovation (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (10 ULg)