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See detailDesign of smart SPM probes by electrografting
Gabriel, Sabine ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Duwez, Anne-Sophie ULg

Conference (2007, May 11)

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See detailDesign of statistical measures for the assessment of image segmentation schemes
Van Droogenbroeck, Marc ULg; Barnich, Olivier ULg

in International Conference on Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns (CAIP 2005) (2005)

Image segmentation is discussed for years in numerous papers, but assessing its quality is mainly dealt with in recent works. Quality assessment is a primary concern for anyone working towards better ... [more ▼]

Image segmentation is discussed for years in numerous papers, but assessing its quality is mainly dealt with in recent works. Quality assessment is a primary concern for anyone working towards better segmentation tools. It both helps to objectively improve segmentation techniques and to compare performances with respect to other similar algorithms. In this paper we use a statistical framework to propose statistical measures capable to describe the performances of a segmentation scheme. All the measures rely on a ground-truth segmentation map that is supposed to be known and that serves as a reference when qualifying the results of any segmentation tool. We derive the analytical expression of several transition probabilities and show how to calculate them. An important conclusion from our study, often overlooked, is that performances can be content dependent, which means that one should adapt a measure to the content of an image. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 239 (14 ULg)
See detailDesign of stealth nanoparticles for drug delivery based on new amphiphilic copolymers
Rieger, Jutta ULg; Passirani, Catherine; Dubois, Philippe et al

Conference (2006, May 18)

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See detailDesign of Steel Connections according ENV 1993-1
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Proceedings of the IABSE Congress on Structural Engineering in Consideration of Economy, Environment, Energy, Workshop on Structural Connections and Assembly Techniques (1996)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (0 ULg)
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See detailDesign of steel I-girders in bending and shear stiffened by one or two trapezoidal longitudinal stiffeners
Thomas, G.; Degée, Hervé ULg; Maquoi, René ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 5th Conference on Advances in Steel Structures (2007)

Present paper focuses on the design of stiffened plates under bending and shear that are used in steel or composite bridges. Special attention is paid to situations involving one or two stiffeners, where ... [more ▼]

Present paper focuses on the design of stiffened plates under bending and shear that are used in steel or composite bridges. Special attention is paid to situations involving one or two stiffeners, where Eurocode 3 Part 1.5 provides specific rules. First, the paper describes briefly the FEM numerical models used in parametric studies. Then, comparisons between results obtained respectively from numerical simulations and from application of the code clauses are presented. Also, some proposals for improved rules are made. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of Steel Structures subjected to Fire. Background and Design Guide to Eurocode 3.
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Zaharia, Raul

Book published by Les Éditions de l'Université de Liège (2005)

The information that is necessary to perform the fire design of a structure made of a particular material, say a steel structure, is: a) The bases of design, stated in EN 1990. b) The mechanical actions ... [more ▼]

The information that is necessary to perform the fire design of a structure made of a particular material, say a steel structure, is: a) The bases of design, stated in EN 1990. b) The mechanical actions, i.e. the forces, acting on the structure in the fire situation. Some information is found in EN 1991-1-2, but explicit reference is also made to EN 1991-1-1 that is therefore also necessary. c) The thermal actions, i.e. the fire and the heat flux induced in the elements by the fire. The information is in EN 1991-1-2. d) The rules for determining the temperatures in the structure during the course of the fire. They are given in the fire part of the relevant material eurocode, e.g. EN 1993-1-2 for a steel structure. e) The rules for determining the structural stability. They are given in the fire part of the relevant material Eurocode, e.g. EN 1993-1-2 for a steel structure, but reference is often made to the cold part of the same material Eurocode, EN 1993-1-1 for a steel structure. This layout is valid in general but some exceptions do exist: the structural stability of timber elements, for example, does not necessarily require the determination of the temperatures in the element and step d) may be omitted; the same holds if the fire resistance is determined from tabulated data, for concrete elements for example. The rest of this book is organised according to this layout, see Fig. 1-2: Chapter 2 deals with bases of design and mechanical loads. Chapter 3 deals with thermal attack from the fire. Chapter 4 deals with thermal analysis by simple calculation model. Chapter 5 deals with mechanical analysis by simple calculation model. Chapter 6 deals with the design of joints. Chapter 7 deals with thermal and mechanical analysis by the advanced calculation model. Chapter 8 gives four design examples showing how a complete and sometimes complex structure can be designed using the concept of element or substructure analysis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 347 (3 ULg)
See detailDesign of Steel Structures according to the General Model of Eurocode 3
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

Scientific conference (2003, April 25)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg)
See detailDesign of Steel Structures subjected to Fire. Background and Design Guide to Eurocode 3. 2nd édition
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Zaharia, Raul

Book published by Les édtions de l'Université de Liège (2006)

The information that is necessary to perform the fire design of a structure made of a particular material, say a steel structure, is: a) The bases of design, stated in EN 1990. b) The mechanical actions ... [more ▼]

The information that is necessary to perform the fire design of a structure made of a particular material, say a steel structure, is: a) The bases of design, stated in EN 1990. b) The mechanical actions, i.e. the forces, acting on the structure in the fire situation. Some information is found in EN 1991-1-2, but explicit reference is also made to EN 1991-1-1 that is therefore also necessary. c) The thermal actions, i.e. the fire and the heat flux induced in the elements by the fire. The information is in EN 1991-1-2. d) The rules for determining the temperatures in the structure during the course of the fire. They are given in the fire part of the relevant material eurocode, e.g. EN 1993-1-2 for a steel structure. e) The rules for determining the structural stability. They are given in the fire part of the relevant material Eurocode, e.g. EN 1993-1-2 for a steel structure, but reference is often made to the cold part of the same material Eurocode, EN 1993-1-1 for a steel structure. This layout is valid in general but some exceptions do exist: the structural stability of timber elements, for example, does not necessarily require the determination of the temperatures in the element and step d) may be omitted; the same holds if the fire resistance is determined from tabulated data, for concrete elements for example. The rest of this book is organised according to this layout, see Fig. 1-2: Chapter 2 deals with bases of design and mechanical loads. Chapter 3 deals with thermal attack from the fire. Chapter 4 deals with thermal analysis by simple calculation model. Chapter 5 deals with mechanical analysis by simple calculation model. Chapter 6 deals with the design of joints. Chapter 7 deals with thermal and mechanical analysis by the advanced calculation model. Chapter 8 gives four design examples showing how a complete and sometimes complex structure can be designed using the concept of element or substructure analysis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 326 (4 ULg)
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See detailDesign of Structural Fire Protection and Fire Protection Systems
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in Hosser, Dietmar (Ed.) Proceedings of the International Fire protection Symposium (2005)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg)
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See detailDesign of structural joints in building frames
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Progress in Structural Engineering and Materials (2002), 4(1), 18-34

A single and unified concept for the design of structural joints in building frames made of any material has been developed in recent years, and is now widely implemented in European design codes. In the ... [more ▼]

A single and unified concept for the design of structural joints in building frames made of any material has been developed in recent years, and is now widely implemented in European design codes. In the present paper, this concept is presented, its merits as far as the economy of a project are demonstrated, and practical design tools for its application in daily practice are briefly described. The paper also contains references to user's manuals and design handbooks. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (3 ULg)
See detailDesign of sugar-based surface active agents for emulsion polymerization in supercritical carbon dioxide
Boyère, Cédric ULg

Doctoral thesis (2013)

The use of supercritical CO2 (scCO2) as alternative to traditional organic solvents and the valorization of biomass are interesting approaches to reduce the ecological footprint of chemical processes. On ... [more ▼]

The use of supercritical CO2 (scCO2) as alternative to traditional organic solvents and the valorization of biomass are interesting approaches to reduce the ecological footprint of chemical processes. On the other hand, emulsions offers many advantages over bulk and solution processes for polymerization reactions including limited environmental impact, ease of products recovery and increased reaction rate. In this context, this thesis aims to design novel fluorinated sugar-based surfactants able to stabilize water/CO2 (W/C) emulsion systems and explore their potential as template for polymerization reactions. Such surface active agents were prepared either by lipase-catalyzed esterification of mannose with fluorinated acid derivatives or following chemoenzymatic approaches involving very efficient and versatile "click" chemistries like the thiol-Michael addition or the thiol-ene/-yne reactions. The W/C interfacial activity of these novel glycosurfactants was confirmed by tensiometry as well as their ability to form stable W/C microemulsions. Then, we tested a range of these neutral fluorinated carbohydrate esters as stabilizers for the CO2-in-water (C/W) emulsion polymerization. In particular, the radical polymerization of acrylamide was performed in the continuous aqueous phase of a C/W high internal phase emulsion (HIPE) leading to highly interconnected macroporous polymer matrices, also called polyHIPEs. In this case, we emphasized a clear dependence of morphology of the porous structure with the concentration and the structure of the glycosurfactant. Thanks to the electrical neutrality of these fluorinated glycosurfactants which confers them a lower sensitivity to the ionic forces compared to their ionic counterparts, we could extend this system to the polymerization of ionic liquid monomers. Porous poly(ionic liquid)s were thus formed by emulsion polymerization for the first time and exhibit spherical cells interconnected by pores with size (~ 1 μm) among the lowest reported for polyHIPEs produced from C/W emulsions. The emulsion C/W templating methodology based on the designed fluorinated glycosurfactants thus appears as a technique of choice for the preparation of valuable macroporous polymer matrices. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 118 (20 ULg)
See detailDesign of sugar-based surface active agents for emulsion polymerization in supercritical carbon dioxide
Boyère, Cédric ULg; Favrelle, Audrey; Broze, Guy ULg et al

Conference (2012, May 10)

The use of aqueous dispersed media, such as emulsions, has many advantages over solution processes for chemical transformations and polymerization reactions, i.e. limited environmental impact, ease of ... [more ▼]

The use of aqueous dispersed media, such as emulsions, has many advantages over solution processes for chemical transformations and polymerization reactions, i.e. limited environmental impact, ease of products recovery and increased reaction rate. Emulsions are usually implemented from a water/organic solvent mixture in the presence of a surfactant. However, supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) (Pc =74 bars; Tc = 31°C) constitutes an interesting alternative to the traditional organic solvents in these heterogeneous systems because it is inexpensive, non-toxic, non-inflammable and environmentally friendlier. In this context, we developed a novel class of surfactants for the stabilization of H2O/scCO2 emulsions, i.e. fluorinated modified carbohydrates. The hydrophilic head of the surfactant consists in a sugar moiety whereas a fluorinated tail is specifically located in the scCO2 phase. The strategies for the synthesis of these carbohydrates esters rely on selective lipase-catalyzed modifications of sugars and on the versatile thiol-Michael addition reaction. The ability of these molecules to decrease the H2O/scCO2 interfacial tension and to stabilize such emulsions will be presented. Finally, high internal phase scCO2-in-water emulsion (HIPE) were prepared with these new surfactants and used as template for the acrylamide polymerization. The monomer is polymerized in the continuous aqueous phase before removing the CO2 droplets (at least 70 % of the total volume). The resulting permeable porous polymers, called polyHIPEs, exhibit highly interconnected voids (cfr SEM picture) and should be valuable in many applications including support for catalyst, filtration process, immobilization of proteins, etc. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of the cryo-optical test of the PLANCK reflectors
Roose, Stéphane ULg; Cucchiaro, Antonio ULg; De Chambure, Daniel

Conference (2003, March 18)

PLANCK is the third Medium size mission of the ESA long-term scientific plan Horizon 2000. This paper present the current design status of the design of the cryo-optical test for the Planck primary ... [more ▼]

PLANCK is the third Medium size mission of the ESA long-term scientific plan Horizon 2000. This paper present the current design status of the design of the cryo-optical test for the Planck primary reflector and Planck secondary reflector [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of the Heliospheric Imager for the STEREO mission
Defise, Jean-Marc ULg; Halain, Jean-Philippe ULg; Mazy, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) Conference Series (2001, December 01)

The Heliospheric Imager (HI) is part of the SECCHI suite of instruments on-board the two STEREO spacecrafts to be launched in 2005. The two HI instruments will provide stereographic image pairs of solar ... [more ▼]

The Heliospheric Imager (HI) is part of the SECCHI suite of instruments on-board the two STEREO spacecrafts to be launched in 2005. The two HI instruments will provide stereographic image pairs of solar coronal plasma and address the observational problem of very faint coronal mass ejections (CME) over a wide field of view (~90 degree(s)) ranging from 13 to 330 R[SUB]0[/SUB]. The key element of the instrument design is to reject the solar disk light, with straylight attenuation of the order of 10[SUP]-13[/SUP] to 10[SUP]-15[/SUP] in the camera systems. This attenuation is accomplished by a specific design of straylight baffling system, and two separate observing cameras with complimentary FOV's cover the wide FOV. A multi-vane diffractive system has been theoretically optimized to achieve the lower requirement (10[SUP]-13[/SUP] for HI-1) and is combined with a secondary baffling system to reach the 10[SUP]-15[/SUP] rejection performance in the second camera system (HI-2). This paper presents the design concept of the HI optics and baffles, and the preparation of verification tests that will demonstrate the instrument straylight performances. The baffle design has been optimized according to accommodation constrains on the spacecraft, and the optics were studied to provide adequate light gathering power and image quality. Straylight has been studied in the complete configuration, including the lens barrels and the focal plane assemblies. A specific testing facility is currently being studied to characterize the effective straylight rejection of the HI baffling. An overview of the developments for those tests is presented. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of the IT Management Arrangements in a Post-NPM Context: An Overview of the 50 US State Governments
Markus, M. Lynne; Bui, Quang Neo; Jacobson, Dax D. et al

Conference (2013, March)

A recurrent call for an increased use of information technology in the public administration has been made since the beginning of the “New Public Management” wave. It has been reinforced these last years ... [more ▼]

A recurrent call for an increased use of information technology in the public administration has been made since the beginning of the “New Public Management” wave. It has been reinforced these last years through the “digital-era governance” movement, emphasizing the important role that IT may have in the effective transformation of the public institutions and in the successful delivery of citizen-centered services. However, the success of e-government is proved not to be a direct effect of the increased use of IT, but to also depend on the organizational and institutional arrangements that governments enact for the management of their IT resources. In this context, our paper proposes to offer an updated view of the way US State Governments manage, organize, and govern their IT activities. To do so, we consider the possible interactions between two dimensions: 1) the organization of IT activities and 2) the control over decisions about IT activities (also known as governance). This analysis is made for each of two categories of IT activities: 1) IT projects (such as Enterprise Architecture implementation, website development, etc.) and 2) IT services (such as the operation of networks, the daily support services, etc.). Our empirical data indeed show that neither dimension alone provides a good characterization of governmental IT management arrangements. The latter requires an in-depth understanding of how US States appear to combine a centralization and/or a decentralization design of the organization and of the control of their IT activities. The findings that we develop through this contribution have the potential to enhance the general understanding of the barriers to, and enablers of, e-government success, and to put into perspective some insights of the new public management and digital-era governance movements concerning the use of IT in the public sector. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of the on-board computer of OUFTI-1 CubeSat
De Dijcker, S.; Crosset, N.; Verly, Jacques ULg et al

Conference (2011)

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See detailThe design of the Orthotropic Hydraulic Structures with the L.B.R.-3 Software
Rigo, Philippe ULg

in Hydrosoft Journal (1990)

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See detailThe design of the performance monitoring systems in hospitals: a contingent comparative approach
Rouhana, Rima ULg

Book published by Editions de l'Université de Liège (2009)

Our research applies to the healthcare sector which is operating in a period of significant and rapid evolutions since the last thirty years. It investigates the design of the performance monitoring ... [more ▼]

Our research applies to the healthcare sector which is operating in a period of significant and rapid evolutions since the last thirty years. It investigates the design of the performance monitoring systems in healthcare organizations, in a contingent and comparative perspectives. This contribution summarizes the results of four chapters and uses respectively three methodologies, applied to answer the following “what” and “how” general questions: - What influences the design of the performance monitoring systems adopted in the healthcare organizations? - How does it evolve with the hospital’s attributes evolution? - What are the major internal and external motivations and/or the major barriers that have emphasized and/or limited its evolution? - What is the role of the healthcare players on the hospital’s management? In a contingent perspective, the first chapter, based on macro-economic analysis of the healthcare sector, identifies the increasing need to monitor performance at the hospital entity level. It points out to some social, political, technological and competitive contingent factors that have emerged from the environmental mutations. These contingent factors are then integrated in an original unifying model that is validated via three empirical chapters. - The first chapter is dedicated to the contingent model’s validation in the Belgian healthcare sector. It investigates the link between these variables and the management tools, via an online questionnaire, a test of information and a test of independence. - The second chapter appraises the manager’s perception of uncertainty in volatile environments and analyzes the impact of some contingent factors affecting his decision-making style. It relies on the contingency theory of leadership that is applied to assess the external environmental mutations that are manipulating the organizational attributes (structure, size, level of technology and ownership). Hence, they are emerging certain situations of uncertainty that shape the managerial choices (“decision style”, autonomy and personal profile) on the adoption of a suitable management system. The methodology is based on a “qualitative comparative approach” of thirty case studies, lead in two heterogeneous environments (Belgium and Lebanon). - The last empirical chapter goes beyond the organizational attributes to investigate the role and impact of the various players who are involved in healthcare organizations. Based on a qualitative approach, we illustrate, for every player, his position within the system. Consequently, we define his culture, intentions, and responsiveness that manipulate the organization’s internal climate and shape the design of the performance monitoring systems. Out of twenty-two case studies, the qualitative findings are expected to add knowledge on the adequate choice of a management system, within three healthcare organizational structures: university, general/university and general hospitals. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of the superconducting end caps of a tubular magnetic shield.
Wera, Laurent ULg; Fagnard, Jean-François ULg; Hogan, Kevin ULg et al

Poster (2015, September 09)

Shielding a sensitive device against DC or AC stray magnetic fields can be realized very efficiently with high-Tc superconductors. A simple magnetic shield can be obtained with a tube enclosing the device ... [more ▼]

Shielding a sensitive device against DC or AC stray magnetic fields can be realized very efficiently with high-Tc superconductors. A simple magnetic shield can be obtained with a tube enclosing the device, which is protected against external fields until the magnetic flux diffuses either across the tube wall or through the end openings. A better shielding vessel is obtained by using superconducting end caps. In the simplest design, the end caps, consisting of superconducting disks placed at the extremities of the tube, are making a 90 degree angle with the tube wall. Because of demagnetization effects, this arrangement results in a 'weak spot' for the penetrating magnetic flux. In this work, we investigate numerically different shapes for the end caps so as to avoid sharp angles and obtain a smoother magnetic flux penetration. The external magnetic induction is applied parallel to the shield axis. The magnetic flux distribution and the shielding currents are calculated with a finite element approach. The shielded volume is defined as the region where the local magnetic flux density is attenuated below a given fraction of the external field. It is studied as a function of the shape of the cap, its superconducting properties, the aspect ratio of the assembly, and the presence of a cabling hole. Curved and elongated caps, which could in principle be obtained by melt cast processing or different coating techniques, are shown to substantially increase the shielded volume. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (4 ULg)
See detailDesign of thermoresponsive inorganic nanoparticles
Aqil, Abdelhafid ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg

Conference (2008, November 28)

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (7 ULg)