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See detailDeconsecrating a doctrinal monument: Raymond M. Lemaire and the revisions of the Venice Charter
Houbart, Claudine ULg

in Change Over Time (2014), (fall), 218-243

Considering himself as the “main author” of the charter, Raymond M. Lemaire has been one of the first, together with Piero Gazzola, to plead for a revision of the document. As early as 1971, the two men ... [more ▼]

Considering himself as the “main author” of the charter, Raymond M. Lemaire has been one of the first, together with Piero Gazzola, to plead for a revision of the document. As early as 1971, the two men, respectively first Secretary General and President of ICOMOS, tended to launch a debate in favour of a better consideration of the social value of heritage, and the development of specific principles for historical cities conservation, to be included in the Venice charter. Lemaire’s recent experience in that field had indeed convinced him that, contrary to the assertion of article 14, “a literal application of principles valid for monuments, considered as such, is not always possible, nor desirable, for the ensembles”. The adoption of the Amsterdam declaration didn’t put an end to his efforts. Despite his unsuccessful attempt to get a revised version approved by the ICOMOS General assembly in Moscow (1978), R.M.Lemaire always remained critical towards the charter and the application of its principles in the field, underlining, in the eighties, its shortcomings in terms of cultural diversity and, in one of his last texts, in 1996, the negative effect of article 9, leading to the idea that “the mere essence of a conservation operation is a modernist intervention on the edifice or neighbourhood”. Beyond its interest for conservation history, the awareness of Lemaire’s early critical position towards the Venice Charter should inspire the current debates and help us overcome our reluctance to challenge the sacred principles of what we consider a doctrinal monument. [less ▲]

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See detailDeconstructing folds in the depth and thickness domains: examples of the active Yakeng anticline, XinJiang China
Suppe, J; Hubert, Aurelia ULg; Wang, Xin

in Geological Society of America Abstract with Programs (2002, October)

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See detailDECONSTRUCTING LANDSCAPE IN THE MIND OF PEOPLE: AN EXPLORATION OF EVERYDAY AND WIND ENERGY LANDSCAPES
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg

Doctoral thesis (2016)

In the 19th century, geography was defining itself as the science of landscape, led by German and French schools. Other disciplines were also interested in landscape, each one with its own definition(s ... [more ▼]

In the 19th century, geography was defining itself as the science of landscape, led by German and French schools. Other disciplines were also interested in landscape, each one with its own definition(s). In public policy, landscape has remained, for a long time, a heritage object to be protected (e.g. cultural landscapes of UNESCO). In 2000, the European Landscape Convention, which aims to safeguard the European landscape diversity, proposed a common definition. This includes the idea of areas perceived by people. One of the recommendations of the Convention is the call to focus on other landscapes that only heritage landscapes, such as everyday landscapes and degraded landscapes. The convention also calls for better management and planning practices towards landscape changes. Today, landscape is often invoked as arbitrator in territorial disputes. This is the case in discussions for the installation of wind farms. Newcomers and farmers ‘visions on landscape are often opposed: idyllic landscape for living and recreation for the firsts, working environment for the seconds. Despite the European Landscape Convention, many grey areas remain about how to achieve its goals. Long before it, leading researchers called for a better interest in everyday landscapes. Yet they remain the poor relation in landscape research, to the benefit of natural, wild landscapes. Many uncertainties also remain on how non-specialists perceive their ordinary landscapes and how they have appropriated the landscape concept. The research helps to fill this double gap, deconstructing the concept through the lens of ordinary landscape. With several research questions, I plan to explore what is the landscape in people’s mind, how they conceptualize it, how they think it and how they question their own views on landscape. I will show how these conceptualizations and thoughts are shaped by the living environment, which often provides the tools necessary to the apprehension of the landscape. I will analyse how new elements such as wind farm can disrupt these patterns. The first part of the research is dedicated to the overall perception of their ordinary landscapes by Belgians, especially facing the issue of wind energy. Using a photo-questionnaire survey, we surveyed a representative sample of the Belgian population (n = 1542). Based on this investigation a model was developed. It highlights the positive influence of forest cover and the lack of anthropogenic elements, but also the negative influence of its urbanization and too flat relief on landscape attractiveness. The influence of wind turbines has to be qualified according to the landscape in which they are implanted. In landscapes strongly marked by the human footprint, they seem perceived as increasing the landscape attractiveness. In unspoilt landscapes, they seem rather to contribute to their degradation. These global findings are nuanced in further research. Deeper analysis shows that Flemish people have a more positive view of the landscape than Walloons. I hypothesize a decisive influence of the local context. Indeed, Flemish landscapes are generally more urbanized and marked by man than most of the Walloon landscapes. The building of wind farms seems to change or even reverse the situation. The analysis also shows significant influences related to educational level and gender. Anthropogenic landscapes are less disregarded by low educated people. Women seem to attach importance to stewardship and landscape maintenance. In contrast, although suspected, age influence has not been formally demonstrated. The second part of this dissertation, the cornerstone of this doctoral research, aims at deconstructing the landscape concept in the mind of people. In this part, wind farms are no longer considered as a case study, but as a leitmotif. I deeper surveyed smaller groups (n = 54) in three areas of Wallonia (Walloon Picardy, between the Sambre and Meuse rivers, and Ardennes) with qualitative techniques. This survey was conducted five years after the first. The analysis of the vocabulary used by the regional sub-groups shows that people are not equipped the same way for analysing landscapes. The experience of living environment seems to be crucial in providing analytical keys. Thus Ardennes people seem better equipped to talk about the forest, marking their landscapes, while the Picards seem more loquacious about their iconic cultivated landscapes. The research also highlighted different landscape analysis patterns. Some people ordered landscapes according to their degree of naturalness, the less spoiled landscapes being the most attractive. On the contrary, fewer attach importance to landscapes where human footprint is clearly visible. Some respondents remain in a purely aesthetic landscape analysis, while others project themselves into the landscape, imagining they are performing different actions. Depending on their interests, these actions influence the perception of one same landscape. Research shows that this overall pattern analysis is disturbed by various factors. The recognition of certain places transformed landscape analysis in an analysis of the place, with the emotional changes that this entails. The position of the participants facing wind energy projects also appears sharper. In the time between the two parts of the research, Wallonia has experienced unprecedented wind development; opinions have therefore had time to form. This was not yet totally the case during the first survey. Beyond these major disruptions, the research also shows clear influences of the ordered character of landscapes, their living character and variety of land uses. The research also highlights the influence of non-visual criteria such as noise or odours detectable in the landscape. In conclusion, the research shows that respondents often show a sense of landscape, weaker than sense of place and stronger than aesthetic. [less ▲]

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See detailDeconstructing the Last Glacial Termination: the role of millennial and orbital-scale forcings
Menviel, L.; Timmermann, A.; Timm, O. et al

in Quaternary Science Reviews (2011), 30

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See detailDeconstructing the rational model : the case of mergers
Schoenaers, Frédéric ULg; Rondeaux, Giseline ULg

in collectif (Ed.) Proceedings of the Ninth European Congress on Work and Occupational Psychology (EAWOP) (1999, May)

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See detailDECONSTRUCTION ARCHITECTURALE; PORTRAIT D’UN MONDE TEXTOCENTRIQUE. Approche théorique et philosophique d'un new paradigm, 1988 – 2010
Bodart, Céline ULg

Master's dissertation (2010)

L'enjeu de ce mémoire était d'approcher, à travers la pensée de la déconstruction derridienne, l'interdisciplinarité établie entre architecture et philosophie comme l'origine d'un travail subversif ... [more ▼]

L'enjeu de ce mémoire était d'approcher, à travers la pensée de la déconstruction derridienne, l'interdisciplinarité établie entre architecture et philosophie comme l'origine d'un travail subversif aujourd'hui responsable de la crise sémantique traversée par l'art de la construction. Nous avons donc, à travers un parcours historique, reconstruit la genèse de ce phénomène à partir des théories écrites par ses architectes protagonistes et réévalué la filiation qu'on leur attribuait avec la philosophie de Jacques Derrida. Ensuite, nous avons étudié comment la pression médiatique s'est emparée de cette « pseudo-théorie », simplifiant et caricaturant l'ambition de son véritable discours. En définitive, ce mémoire, portrait d'une architecture devenue tour à tour hôte et victime de la subversion, a tenu l'hypothèse de l'existence en architecture d'un glissement référentiel semblable à celui de l'art vers le non-art. Nous avons tenté de démontrer que la déconstruction, se faisant expérience architecturale, a redessiné la carte des limites disciplinaires traditionnellement tenues par l'art de la construction. [less ▲]

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See detailLa déconstruction. A propos de la mort de Jacques Derrida
Steinmetz, Rudy ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2004)

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See detailLe déconstructivisme ou l'architecture aux limites
Steinmetz, Rudy ULg

in L'atelier d'esthétique (Ed.) Esthétique et philosophie de l'art (2002)

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See detailDéconstruire le spectacle politique : quand les médias mettent en scène
Joris, Geoffrey ULg

in Pyramide (2012), 23

Le texte « Déconstruire le spectacle politique : quand les médias mettent en scène » postule que les médias jouent un rôle fondamental dans la structuration du monde politique. S’inspirant des travaux de ... [more ▼]

Le texte « Déconstruire le spectacle politique : quand les médias mettent en scène » postule que les médias jouent un rôle fondamental dans la structuration du monde politique. S’inspirant des travaux de Edelman, Geoffrey Joris propose une analyse empirique de quelques crises médiatiques récentes afin de montrer que la sphère médiatique peut être comprise comme un « spectacle politique » dont il y a lieu de déconstruire les messages afin d’en extraire l’information pertinente. [less ▲]

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See detailDéconstruire les stéréotypes âgistes et liés à la maladie d'Alzheimer pour mieux interagir avec les patients
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

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See detailDéconstruire les stéréotypes âgistes et liés à la maladie d'Alzheimer pour mieux interagir avec les patients
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

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See detailLa décontamination des prions selon les méthodes plasmas
Elmoualij, Benaïssa ULg; Thellin, Olivier ULg; Zorzi, Willy ULg

in Bioadh 2009 (2009, November 03)

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See detailDecontamination of Prions by the Flowing Afterglow of a Reduced-Pressure N2-O2 Cold-Plasma
Elmoualij, Benaïssa ULg; Thellin, Olivier ULg; GOFFLOT, Stéphanie ULg et al

in Plasma Processes and Polymers (2012), 9(6), 612618

Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, also called prion diseases, represent a family of neurodegenerative disorders that affect various animal species. Since the infectious forms of prions are ... [more ▼]

Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, also called prion diseases, represent a family of neurodegenerative disorders that affect various animal species. Since the infectious forms of prions are transmissible and highly resistant to chemical and physical decontamination methods routinely used in healthcare, they represent a challenge for science, medicine, and public health/food systems. Suitable decontamination procedures have been proposed, but they are generally incompatible with the materials from which medical devices are made. In this study, we evaluate a cold gaseous-plasma treatment, based on the outflow from a N2[BOND]O2 microwave discharge, as an alternative decontamination tool against both the non-infectious (PrPC) and infectious (PrPSc) forms of prion proteins. The efficiency of the plasma treatment on these proteins is assessed using an in vitro assay as well as an in vivo bioassay. We showed by Enzyme-Linked Immuno-Sorbent Assay (ELISA) that the N2[BOND]O2 discharge afterglow reduces the immunoreactivity of both non-infectious recombinant and pathogenic prion proteins deposited on polystyrene substrates. Tests done in vivo demonstrate that exposure to the cold-plasma flowing afterglow achieves significant decontamination of stainless steel sutures inoculated with infectious forms of prions to be implanted in mice. [less ▲]

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See detailDecontamination of Resistant Emerging Pathogens
Melin, Pierrette ULg

Conference (2007, December 11)

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See detailDéconvolution des rénogrammes: sonde ou ROI cardiaque?
Seret, Alain ULg; Lisart, Jean

in Médecine Nucléaire : Imagerie Fonctionnelle et Métabolique (2001), 25(10), 602

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)