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See detailCultures alimentaires et appartenances. Une ethnographie dans l’espace de la frontière
Mescoli, Elsa ULiege

in Lika, Liridon; Weerts, Audrey; Contor, Justine (Eds.) et al Frontières : approche multidisciplinaire (2016, April 04)

« Dis-moi ce que tu manges, je te dirai qui tu es », écrivait déjà en 1826 Brillat-Savarin, en suggérant une approche herméneutique de l’alimentation. La nourriture, en raison de son incorporation, est ... [more ▼]

« Dis-moi ce que tu manges, je te dirai qui tu es », écrivait déjà en 1826 Brillat-Savarin, en suggérant une approche herméneutique de l’alimentation. La nourriture, en raison de son incorporation, est intimement connectée à la construction symbolique de la subjectivité ; elle a également une implication sociale (Sahlins, 1982), dans la mesure où elle fait l’objet d’un partage selon des règles de commensalité (Douglas, 1972). L’anthropologie de l’alimentation permet aujourd’hui d’éclaircir des processus sociaux plus amples que la consommation de nourriture engage (Mintz and Bois, 2002). Un intérêt particulier est porté sur le rapport entre l’alimentation et les représentations identitaires des groupes culturels ou sociaux. Les membres de ceux-ci se rapportent à des cultures alimentaires de façon active, s’engagent dans un processus d’affirmation d’une identité propre et partagée (Lupton, 1996). Ces dynamiques font aussi l’objet de plusieurs études sur la connexion entre alimentation et migration. Ces études mettent tout d’abord en évidence le fait que, lors d’un déplacement, les individus ou les groupes sont confrontés à des cultures alimentaires différentes, et elles s’engagent alors à vérifier dans quelle mesure cette rencontre défie l’identité individuelle (Spiro, 1955; Crenn, 2004; Cardona, 2004) et quelles pratiques elle engage afin de la préserver (Hage, 1997; Beyers, 2008; Diner et Diner, 2009). Souvent, les discours sur l’intégration des migrants concernent aussi les habitudes alimentaires (voir par exemple De Lesdain, 2002), considérées comme des indices d’une disposition à adhérer aux normes de la société « d’accueil ». Le niveau d’intégration (ou la disposition à s’intégrer) serait établie sur base de l’acculturation alimentaire dans le contexte migratoire (voir aussi Bastenier et Dassetto, 1993). Loin de constituer les extrêmes d’une dichotomie irrésoluble, les cultures alimentaires du pays d’origine et du pays d’accueil des migrants qui se rencontrent grâce – entre autre – à la mobilité de ces derniers, créent un espace de frontière qui est habité par les acteurs eux-mêmes (Agier, 2013). Dans cet espace l’appartenance culturelle est questionnée, elle fait l’objet d’une réflexivité (voir aussi Rodier, 2010), et les habitudes alimentaires prennent également la forme d’une « mise en scène du culturel, favorisant des stratégies ponctuelles d’affirmation identitaire et des rhétoriques du conflit » (Julien, 2010 : 17). Cette contribution veut amener une réflexion à propos des dynamiques qui ont lieu dans l’espace de la frontière ainsi définie, au départ de l’analyse de matériaux ethnographiques concernant les pratiques alimentaires de certaines femmes marocaines résidant en Italie et les discours qui les accompagnent. Dans l’espace de la frontière les appartenances socio-culturelles se définissent et sont négociées grâce également aux choix alimentaires. Le rapport individuel aux interdits alimentaires d’ordre religieux en est une preuve, notamment lorsque ce rapport assume la fonction de « [f]aire barrage à l’altérité […] c’est-à-dire instituer la séparation » (Benkheira 1997: 261) ou, inversement, d’affirmer l’échange social selon des modalités propres. [less ▲]

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See detailCultures de cellules dissociées d'hémispheres cérébraux à composate essentiellement neuronale
Jaros, G. G.; Moonen, Gustave ULiege; Sensenbrenner, M. et al

in Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences. Série D, Sciences Naturelles (1975), 280(3), 327-30

Four methods are described to obtain pure neuronal cultures from chick embryo cerebral hemispheres. In our experimental conditions the proliferation of the glial cells in inhibited and cultures of either ... [more ▼]

Four methods are described to obtain pure neuronal cultures from chick embryo cerebral hemispheres. In our experimental conditions the proliferation of the glial cells in inhibited and cultures of either low or high neuronal density are obtained. The isolated neurons, however, did not survive longer than 8 to 10 days; the contact with glial cells seems to be necessary for the maintenance of the neurons in long-term cultures. [less ▲]

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See detailCultures de la qualité des services et cultures de l'accompagnement dans le secteur de l'éducation des jeunes enfants : essai de théorisation
Pirard, Florence ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2005)

La thèse se présente comme un essai de théorisation des conceptions de la qualité des services et de leur accompagnement dans le secteur de l'éducation des jeunes enfants. Elle appréhende celles-ci sous ... [more ▼]

La thèse se présente comme un essai de théorisation des conceptions de la qualité des services et de leur accompagnement dans le secteur de l'éducation des jeunes enfants. Elle appréhende celles-ci sous le prisme de cultures, marquant le caractère construit de l'objet de recherche. Inspirée des méthodologies de la théorisation ancrée, elle propose deux approches complémentaires. La première interroge les usages de la notion de qualité dans les recherches sur l'éducation des jeunes enfants de manière à la fois diachronique et internationale ainsi que la référence à l'accompagnement dans les publications récentes parues en sciences de l'éducation et de la formation. La deuxième approche consiste à analyser les conceptions de la qualité des services et de leur accompagnement dans des débats menés dans des dispositifs de formation que l'auteure a elle-même mis en place. [less ▲]

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See detail“Cultures du Spectacle Baroque. Un database al servizio della storia dell’arte barocca”
De Marco, Rosa ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

Il database Cultures du Spectacle Baroque raccoglie e mette a disposizione degli studiosi l’insieme delle relazioni delle solennità per la canonizzazione dei primi santi gesuiti, Ignazio da Loyola e ... [more ▼]

Il database Cultures du Spectacle Baroque raccoglie e mette a disposizione degli studiosi l’insieme delle relazioni delle solennità per la canonizzazione dei primi santi gesuiti, Ignazio da Loyola e Francesco Saverio, che si svolsero nelle case della Compagnia di Gesù sparse in Europa e negli altri continenti, in seguito alla cerimonia romana celebrata da papa Gregorio XV, il 12 marzo 1622. Oggi il database raccoglie le relazioni delle feste che si svolsero in Francia, in Italia e in Belgio. Le ricchissime descrizioni delle macchine e dei dispositivi polisensoriali concepiti per queste feste del 1622, ancora poco esplorate dagli storici dell’arte, si rivelano fonti preziose per lo studio degli apparati effimeri (dalle architetture al loro ornamento e ai materiali impiegati), per la conoscenza dei protagonisti implicati nei cantieri, nonché per un’analisi sulla percezione e sugli effetti emotivi ed estetici prodotti sugli spettatori. Concepito in un’ottica interdisciplinare, il database permette di compiere ricerche incrociate ed è arricchito da diversi dispositivi (per esempio le traduzioni dal latino, o la possibilità di una ricerca lessicale) che ne fanno uno strumento inesauribile di ricerca. [less ▲]

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See detailCultures in vitro de tissus vegetaux et protection de l'environnement.
Semal, J.; Lepoivre, Philippe ULiege; Kummert, J. et al

Book (1987)

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See detailCultures maraîchères et insectes utiles
Francis, Frédéric ULiege; Colignon, Pierre; Haubruge, Eric ULiege

in Le Canard déchaîné du Kauwberg (2003), 46

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See detailCultures visuelles au XIXe siècle
Havelange, Carl ULiege

Book published by Ligue Braille (2000)

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See detailCultures visuelles au XIXe siècle (2)
Havelange, Carl ULiege

Book published by Ligue Braille (2001)

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See detailCumul des sanctions administrative et pénale en matière de chômage : la Cour de cassation ignore-t-elle la jurisprudence de Strasbourg sur l’identité d’infraction?
Mormont, Hugo ULiege; Neven, Jean-François

in Journal des Tribunaux (2011), 31

La contribution constitue une note d'observations sour l'arrêt de la Cour de cassation du 25 mai 2011 qui concerne le cumul des sanctions pénale et administrative en matière de chômage au regard du ... [more ▼]

La contribution constitue une note d'observations sour l'arrêt de la Cour de cassation du 25 mai 2011 qui concerne le cumul des sanctions pénale et administrative en matière de chômage au regard du principe Non bis in idem. [less ▲]

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See detailCumulant expansion for phonon contributions to the electron spectral function
Story, S. M.; Kas, J. J.; Vila, F. D. et al

in Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2014), 90

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See detailCumulate origin and polybaric crystallization of Fe-Ti oxide ores in the Suwalki anorthosite, northeastern Poland
Charlier, Bernard ULiege; Namur, Olivier ULiege; Duchesne, Jean Clair et al

in Economic Geology (2009), 104

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See detailCumulation and injury determination of the European Community in antidumping cases
Tharakan, P. K. M.; Greenaway, David; Tharakan, Joseph ULiege

in Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv (1998)

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See detailCumulative effect of Aox1 inactivation and N source modulation on the cellular proteome of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii - New insights in the metabolic interconnexion between respiration and photosynthesis
Gerin, Stéphanie ULiege; Mathy, Grégory; Franck, Fabrice ULiege

Conference (2014, April 14)

In Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, the Aox1 gene encoding the mitochondrial alternative oxidase (AOX) is tightly regulated by the N source: its transcription is stimulated by nitrate and repressed by ammonium ... [more ▼]

In Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, the Aox1 gene encoding the mitochondrial alternative oxidase (AOX) is tightly regulated by the N source: its transcription is stimulated by nitrate and repressed by ammonium. AOX has been proposed to play a key role in regards to the N source by acting as a trigger factor for the TCA cycle to promote the production of reduced cofactors which, together with photo-generated reductant, could contribute to support nitrate assimilation. In the present work, the cellular proteomes of wild-type and AOX-deficient strains grown either on nitrate or ammonium in the presence of acetate have been compared using two dimensional-differential in-gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) coupled to hierarchical clustering and ANOVA-2 statistical analyses in order to further investigate the physiological role(s) of AOX, particularly in regards to the N source. The dramatic up-regulation of chloroplastic components of the carbon-concentrating mechanism (CCM) in response to Aox1 inactivation importantly suggests that AOX plays a key role in the CCM in both N sources by allowing the production of CO2 through the TCA cycle. The concomitant down-regulation of photorespiratory enzymes in cells lacking AOX indicates that such an induction of the CCM could actually be sufficient to over-compensate the effects of AOX deficiency on CO2 availability in the local environment of Rubisco and maintain high rates of inorganic carbon fixation despite lower TCA cycle-mediated CO2 production. The global overexpression of diverse photosynthetic chain and Calvin cycle components in cells lacking AOX further evidences that a tight functional relationship exists between mitochondrial and chloroplastic processes of energy transduction, and that there could be a global redirection of bioenergetics towards photosynthesis to limit the harmful consequences (particularly oxidative stress) of mitochondrial deficiency. The observation that numerous N-responsive proteomic modifications are strongly attenuated (or even abolished) in response to Aox1 inactivation supports that AOX also exerts a more specific role as a central effector of the metabolic plasticity induced by modulating the N source in the growth medium. Our proteomic results tend notably to confirm that respiration (through AOX activity) and photosynthesis collaborate to provide nitrate reduction with electrons in mixotrophic condition and that acetate oxidation could be promoted to support AOX involvement in this context. [less ▲]

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See detailCumulative effects of road de-icing salt on amphibian behavior
Denoël, Mathieu ULiege; Bichot, Marion; Ficetola, G. Francesco et al

in Aquatic Toxicology (2010), 99(2), 275-280

Despite growing evidence of the detrimental effect of chemical substances on organisms, limited research has focused on changes in behavioral patterns, in part due to the difficulties to obtain detailed ... [more ▼]

Despite growing evidence of the detrimental effect of chemical substances on organisms, limited research has focused on changes in behavioral patterns, in part due to the difficulties to obtain detailed quantitative data. Recent developments in efficient computer-based video analyses have allowed testing pesticide effects on model species such as the zebrafish. However, these new techniques have not yet been applied to amphibians and directly to conservation issues, i.e. to assess toxicological risks on threatened species. We used video tracking analyses to test a quantitative effect of an environmental contaminant on the locomotion of amphibian tadpoles (Rana temporaria) by taking into account cumulative effects. Because recent research has demonstrated effects of de-icing salts on survival and community structure, we used sodium chloride in our experimental design (25 replicates, 4 concentrations, 4 times) to test for an effect at the scale of behavior at environmentally relevant concentrations. Analysis of 372 1-hr video-tracks (5 samples per sec) showed a complex action of salts on behavioral patterns with a dose and cumulative response over time. Although no effects were found on mortality or growth, the highest salt concentrations reduced the speed and movement of tadpoles in comparison with control treatments. The reduced locomotor performance could have detrimental consequences in terms of tadpoles’ responses to competition and predation and may be an indicator of the low concentration effect of the contaminant. On one hand, this study demonstrates the usefulness of examining behavior to address conservation issues and understand the complex action of environmental factors and, more particularly, pollutants on organisms. On the other hand, our results highlight the need of new computerized techniques to quantitatively analyze these patterns. [less ▲]

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See detailCumulative isomerization probability by various transition state wave packet methods including the MCTDH algorithm
Lasorne, Benjamin; Gatti, Fabien; Baloïtcha, Ezinvy et al

in Journal of Chemical Physics (2004), 121

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See detailCumulative pregnancy rate after ICSI-IVF in patients with colorectal endometriosis: results of a multicentre study.
Ballester, Marcos; d'Argent, EM; Morcel, K et al

in Human Reproduction (2012), 27(4), 1043-9

BACKGROUND: There is currently no consensus about indications for surgery for infertility associated with colorectal endometriosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate cumulative pregnancy rates (CPRs ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: There is currently no consensus about indications for surgery for infertility associated with colorectal endometriosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate cumulative pregnancy rates (CPRs) after ICSI-IVF cycles in patients with colorectal endometriosis and to identify determinant factors of fertility outcome. METHODS: Prospective longitudinal multicentre study from January 2005 to June 2011. We included 75 patients with colorectal endometriosis and proved infertility without prior surgery for deep infiltrating endometriosis. Univariable analysis was used to identify determinant factors of pregnancy rate. CPR was calculated using cumulative-incidence methods from log-rank test and Kaplan-Meier curves. For multivariable analysis, Cox proportional hazards model was used. RESULTS: For CPR per patient analysis, the total number of cycles was 113 and the median number of cycles per patient was 1 (range: 1-3). In the whole population the CPR per patient after three ICSI-IVF cycles was 68.6%. The CPR for patients with or without associated adenomyosis was 19 and 82.4%, respectively (P= 0.01). In addition, a patient age over 35 years (P= 0.02) and anti-Mullerian hormone serum level under 2 ng/ml (P= 0.02) were associated with a decreased CPR per patient. At multivariable analysis, adenomyosis [HR = 0.34, 95% CI (0.12-0.99), P= 0.49] was associated with a decreased CPR. CONCLUSIONS: Our data confirm that ICSI-IVF offers a high CPR per patient. However, determinant factors of CPR should be taken into account when informing couples of their options. [less ▲]

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