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See detailDesign of an uncertain prestressed space structure: an info-gap approach
Hot, A.; Cogan, S.; Foltete, E. et al

in Proceedings of the 30th International Modal Analysis Conference (2012)

Uncertainty quantification is an integral part of the model validation process and is important to take into account during the design of mechanical systems. Sources of uncertainty are diverse but ... [more ▼]

Uncertainty quantification is an integral part of the model validation process and is important to take into account during the design of mechanical systems. Sources of uncertainty are diverse but generally fall into two categories: aleatory uncertainties due to random processes and epistemic uncertainty resulting from a lack of knowledge or erroneous assumptions. This work focuses on the impact of uncertain levels of prestress on the behavior of solar arrays in their stowed configuration. In this context, snubbers are inserted between two adjacent panels to maintain contact and absorb vibrations during launch. However, under high excitation loads, a loss of contact between the two panels may occur. This results in impacts that can cause extensive damages to fragile elements. In practice, the specific load configuration for which the separation of the two panels occurs is difficult to determine precisely since the exact level of prestress applied to the structure is unknown. An info-gap robustness analysis is applied to study the impact of this lack of knowledge on the prestress safety factor required to avoid loss of contact. The proposed methodology is illustrated using a simplified model of a solar array. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of an undervoltage load shedding scheme for the Hydro-Québec system
Lefebvre, Daniel; Moors, Cédric; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

(2003, July)

This paper deals with the control logic of an undervoltage, closed-loop load shedding scheme aimed at protecting the Hydro-Quebec system against long-term voltage instability. This scheme relies on a set ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with the control logic of an undervoltage, closed-loop load shedding scheme aimed at protecting the Hydro-Quebec system against long-term voltage instability. This scheme relies on a set of "if-then" rules whose parameters are determined through combinatorial optimisation, relying on the system dynamic response over a set of scenarios. Preliminary results of the above optimisation technique are given, besides a brief description of the foreseen implementation. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of Analysis Modules
Papadimitriou, Dimitri; Ben Houidi, Z.; Ghamri-Doudane et al

Report (2013)

This public deliverable describes the design and specification of a first set of basic analysis modules for addressing the use cases identified in WP1. The document focuses on the required algorithms ... [more ▼]

This public deliverable describes the design and specification of a first set of basic analysis modules for addressing the use cases identified in WP1. The document focuses on the required algorithms, which use as input the measurements and analysis provided by the lower layers (WP2 and WP3) of the mPlane architecture to provide more advanced analysis and answers towards the resolution of the problem addressed by the use case. These analysis modules include both stream and batch processing algorithms and address issues such as classifications, estimations, predictions, detections, correlations and diagnosis. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of antibacterial surfaces by a combination of electrochemistry and controlled radical polymerization
Voccia, Samuel; Ignatova, Miléna; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Langmuir (2006), 22(20), 8607-8613

In this paper we report a new method for the electrochemical deposition of a metal/polymer composite layer on a conducting substrate. The electrochemical solution is a mixture of an acrylate (ethyl ... [more ▼]

In this paper we report a new method for the electrochemical deposition of a metal/polymer composite layer on a conducting substrate. The electrochemical solution is a mixture of an acrylate (ethyl acrylate, EA; 2-phenyl-2-(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-1-yloxy)ethyl acrylate, PTEA; 8-quinolinyl acrylate, 8QA), a metallic salt (silver(I) acetate), and a conducting salt in dimethylformamide. The process has been first studied with EA as the polymer precursor and then extended to PTEA and 8QA, respectively, with the purpose to prepare antibacterial surfaces. The final coating has been characterized by attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, environmental scanning electron microscopy, and atomic force microscopy. All the silver-containing coatings were effective against Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli. Bacteria Staphylococcus aureus could not adhere to the Ag-0/polyacrylate films deposited on stainless steel. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of beam-columns in steel sway frames: from the actual member to a simply supported equivalent one
Hansoulle, T.; Boissonnade, N.; Goncalves, R. et al

in Proceedings of the 2007 Annual Technical Stability Conference, Structural Steel Research Council (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (4 ULg)
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See detailDesign of biocompatible and responsive hydrogels and nanogels made from poly(2-oxazoline)s
Legros, Camille ULg; De Pauw-Gillet, Marie-Claire ULg; tam, Michael et al

Conference (2014, August 12)

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (5 ULg)
See detailDesign of biodegradable microspheres for chemoembolization
Grandfils, Christian ULg; Flandroy, P; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

Conference (1992, April 01)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
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See detailDesign of biological sensors utilising mode-localisation in electrostatically coupled microresonators
Wood, Graham S.; Pu, Suan Hui; Zhao, Chun et al

in 23rd Micromechanics and Microsystems Europe Workshop (2012)

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See detailDesign of composite joints for buildings (rédaction du Chapitre 9 et de l'annexe 5)
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Design of composite joints for buildings (1999)

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See detailDesign of composite sway building frames for global instability
Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; Maquoi, René ULg

in Journal of Engineering Mechanics (2005), 131(6), 641-653

Eurocode 4 is the European design code for composite construction; in its so-called ENV version, the scope is limited to "nonsway buildings" with efficient bracing systems. Therefore, it gives mainly ... [more ▼]

Eurocode 4 is the European design code for composite construction; in its so-called ENV version, the scope is limited to "nonsway buildings" with efficient bracing systems. Therefore, it gives mainly rules to analyze and to check structural elements like beams, columns, slabs, and joints. However, in the last years, the construction of taller buildings and larger industrial halls without wind bracing systems is susceptible to make global instability a relevant failure mode, which is not covered by Eurocode 4. For 3 years, in the framework of a European research project funded by the European Community for Steel and Coal, in which the Univ. of Liege was deeply involved, intensive experimental, numerical, and theoretical investigations have been carried out. The latter aimed at improving the knowledge in the field of sway composite frames and at developing appropriate design rules. The rotational behavior of the beam-to-column composite joints is one of the key aspects of the problem to which special attention has been paid. This paper presents the numerical and analytical studies carried out at Liege Univ., as part of above European project, with the objective to investigate the behavior of sway composite structures under static loading. Particular phenomena put into sight through different analyses are illustrated herein. The actual response of the beam-to-column composite joints may be easily integrated into the described design and analysis procedures; this specific aspect is therefore not addressed in the paper. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of concrete columns based on EC2 tabulated data – A critical review
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in Franssen, Jean-Marc (Ed.) Proc. 1rst int. Structures in Fire workshop (2000, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 183 (6 ULg)
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See detailDesign of concrete columns based on EC2 tabulated date - A critical review
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in Proceedings of the 1st International Structures in Fire workshop (2000)

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See detailDesign of connections in steel and composite structures
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in ECCS Eurocode Design Manuals (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 257 (10 ULg)
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See detailDesign of cross-linked semicrystalline poly(ε-caprolactone)-based networks with one-way and two-way shape-memory properties through Diels–Alder
Raquez, Jean-Marie; Vanderstappen, Sophie; Meyer, Franck et al

in Chemistry : A European Journal (2011), 17(36), 10135-10143

Cross-linked poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL)-based polyesterurethane (PUR) systems have been synthesized through Diels–Alder reactions by reactive extrusion. The Diels–Alder and retro-Diels–Alder reactions ... [more ▼]

Cross-linked poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL)-based polyesterurethane (PUR) systems have been synthesized through Diels–Alder reactions by reactive extrusion. The Diels–Alder and retro-Diels–Alder reactions proved to be useful for enhancing the molecular motion of PCL-based systems, and therefore their crystallization ability, in the design of cross-linked semicrystalline polymers with one-way and two-way shape-memory properties. Successive reactions between alpha,omega-diol PCL (PCL2), furfuryl alcohol, and methylene diphenyl 4,4′-diisocyanate straightforwardly afforded the alpha,omega-furfuryl PCL-based PUR systems, and subsequent Diels–Alder reactions with N,N-phenylenedimaleimide afforded the thermoreversible cycloadducts. The cross-linking density could be modulated by partially replacing PCL-diol with PCL-tetraol. Interestingly, the resulting PUR systems proved to be semicrystalline cross-linked polymers, the melting temperature of which (close to 45 °C) represented the switching temperature for their shape-memory properties. Qualitative and quantitative measurements demonstrated that these PUR systems exhibited one-way and two-way shape-memory properties depending on their cross-linking density. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Design of Cylindrical Orthotropic Plates and Shells
Rigo, Philippe ULg

in IASS Congress, Numerical Methods, Vol. 5 (1989, September)

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See detailDesign of DNA minor groove binding diamidines that recognize GC base pair sequences: a dimeric-hinge interaction motif.
Munde, Manoj; Ismail, Mohamed A; Arafa, Reem et al

in Journal of the American Chemical Society (2007), 129(44), 13732-43

The classical model of DNA minor groove binding compounds is that they should have a crescent shape that closely fits the helical twist of the groove. Several compounds with relatively linear shape and ... [more ▼]

The classical model of DNA minor groove binding compounds is that they should have a crescent shape that closely fits the helical twist of the groove. Several compounds with relatively linear shape and large dihedral twist, however, have been found recently to bind strongly to the minor groove. These observations raise the question of how far the curvature requirement could be relaxed. As an initial step in experimental analysis of this question, a linear triphenyl diamidine, DB1111, and a series of nitrogen tricyclic analogues were prepared. The goal with the heterocycles is to design GC binding selectivity into heterocyclic compounds that can get into cells and exert biological effects. The compounds have a zero radius of curvature from amidine carbon to amidine carbon but a significant dihedral twist across the tricyclic and amidine-ring junctions. They would not be expected to bind well to the DNA minor groove by shape-matching criteria. Detailed DNase I footprinting studies of the sequence specificity of this set of diamidines indicated that a pyrimidine heterocyclic derivative, DB1242, binds specifically to a GC-rich sequence, -GCTCG-. It binds to the GC sequence more strongly than to the usual AT recognition sequences for curved minor groove agents. Other similar derivatives did not exhibit the GC specificity. Biosensor-surface plasmon resonance and isothermal titration calorimetry experiments indicate that DB1242 binds to the GC sequence as a highly cooperative stacked dimer. Circular dichroism results indicate that the compound binds in the minor groove. Molecular modeling studies support a minor groove complex and provide an inter-compound and compound-DNA hydrogen-bonding rational for the unusual GC binding specificity and the requirement for a pyrimidine heterocycle. This compound represents a new direction in the development of DNA sequence-specific agents, and it is the first non-polyamide, synthetic compound to specifically recognize a DNA sequence with a majority of GC base pairs. [less ▲]

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