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See detailDesiccation cracks formation in clay-barrier for nuclear waste disposal
Hubert, Julien ULg; Prime, Noémie; Plougonven, Erwan ULg et al

Conference (2016, February 16)

In geotechnical engineering, the desiccation cracking of soil is commonly observed. This phenomenon is detrimental to the behavior of earth material and earth structure. Desiccation cracks can lead to the ... [more ▼]

In geotechnical engineering, the desiccation cracking of soil is commonly observed. This phenomenon is detrimental to the behavior of earth material and earth structure. Desiccation cracks can lead to the overall failure of many geotechnical structures: • They can affect the slope stability of earth dams or embankments; • They can initiate internal erosion of embankments due to water flow through the cracks; • They can compromise the efficiency of soil barriers such as landfill liners and top covers. Nowadays, the storage of nuclear waste in deep impermeable geological layers is considered. These storages are based on the multi-barrier principle, the last of which being the host rock, typically a clayey material. In this context, maintaining the very low hydraulic conductivity of the host rock is crucial. Unfortunately, the ventilation of excavated galleries causes convective drying of the host material and can lead to crack formation. This work aims to understand in which conditions exactly, during convective drying, does cracking occur in clayey materials. An experimental campaign has been carried out to characterize the drying behavior of Boom clay which is the host rock at the underground research facility in Mol (Belgium). X-Ray micro-tomography has been used to analyze crack development as well as shrinkage. The experiments are used to calibrate the transfer parameters of a convective drying law based on the limit layer model. This calibration is based on agreement of the drying kinetics. A numerical study is then performed and aims at reproducing the behavior observed during the experiments. A thermo-hydro-mechanical coupled model is used to determine the stress distribution during the drying and a tensile failure criterion is suggested to predict crack genesis. Simulations are performed using the in-house built FEM code LAGAMINE. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (8 ULg)
See detailDesiccation-tolerance : an advantage for the biotechnological applications of bacteria
Weekers, F.; Jacques, Philippe ULg; Springael, D. et al

Poster (1999, July)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (1 ULg)
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See detailDesign aids for the design of steel moment connections
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Proceedings of the 5th International Colloquium on Stability of Metal Structures (1996)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
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See detailDesign and analysis of an SOI MEMS voltage step-up converter
Gleeson, R.; Kraft, Michaël ULg; White, N. M.

in Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering (2013), 23(11), 114017

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
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See detailDesign and analysis of MEMS step up voltage converters
Gleeson, R.; Kraft, Michaël ULg; White, Neil

in IEEE Sensors 2012 (2012, November)

This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of voltage step-up converters for energy harvesting and other low-power applications. The step-up operation is based on isolating the charge of a mechanically ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of voltage step-up converters for energy harvesting and other low-power applications. The step-up operation is based on isolating the charge of a mechanically variable capacitor and varying the gap between the electrodes by an appropriate method of providing an actuation force i.e. electrostatic or physical. Two devices are presented; a bi-stable device and a resonant device, specifically designed for solar and vibration energy harvesting respectively. The bi-stable device introduces a separate electrostatic actuator element to manipulate the variable capacitor electrodes, whereas, in the case of the resonant device, ambient vibrations provide the necessary actuation force. System-level Multisim models have been developed and verified using 3D FEM Coventorware and MEMS+ simulations. The devices were then fabricated using a dicing-free Silicon-on-Insulator (SOI) process developed at the Southampton Nanofabrication Centre. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 ULg)
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See detailDesign and analysis of SOI MEMS voltage step up converters
Gleeson, R.; Kraft, Michaël ULg; White, N. M.

in Proceedings PowerMEMS 2012 (2012, December)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 ULg)
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See detailDesign and analysis of two types of MEMS DC-DC step up voltage converters
Gleeson, R.; White, N. M.; Kraft, Michaël ULg

in MME 2011: Proceedings (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDesign and characterization of novel forms of human 16K prolactin, an antiangiogenic factor
Mainfroid, Véronique; Struman, Ingrid ULg; Weiner, Richard I. et al

Poster (1998, January)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
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See detailDesign and develoment of a digital transducer
Lewis, CP; Kraft, Michael ULg; Hesketh, TG

in Proc. AEROTECH 95 (1995)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
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See detailDesign and development of new polyamides by ring-opening polymerization for high performance composite materials
Tunc, Deniz; Carlotti, Stéphane; Lecomte, Philippe ULg et al

Poster (2013, May 16)

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (11 ULg)
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See detailDesign and dimensioning of hydrogen transmission pipeline networks
de Wolf, Daniel ULg

in European Journal of Operational Research (2013), 229(1), 239-251

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See detailDesign and evaluation of a semantic enrichment process for bibliographic databases
Lacasta, Javier; Nogueras-Iso, Javier; Falquet, Gilles et al

in Data & Knowledge Engineering (2013), 88

The limited semantics of thesauri and similar knowledge models hinder the searching and browsing possibilities of the bibliographic databases classified with this type of resources. This work proposes an ... [more ▼]

The limited semantics of thesauri and similar knowledge models hinder the searching and browsing possibilities of the bibliographic databases classified with this type of resources. This work proposes an automatic process to convert a knowledge model into a domain ontology through the alignment with DOLCE, an upper level ontology. This process is facilitated by an intermediary alignment with Wordnet, a lexical model. The process has been tested with the thesauri and bibliographic databases of Urbamet and the European Urban Knowledge Network. The Urbamet model has been used to create an atlas of urban related resources with advanced search capabilities. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (8 ULg)
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See detailDesign and evaluation of new hydrogels for biomaterial purposes
Grandfils, Christian ULg; Barakat, I; Fairon, N et al

Conference (2003, October 23)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
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See detailDesign and evaluation of new reinforced hydrogel membranes for biomaterial purposes
Fairon, N; Grandfils, Christian ULg; Barakat, I et al

Poster (2003, October 23)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg)
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See detailDesign and Experimental investigation of a Small scale organic Rankine using a scroll expander
Declaye, Sébastien ULg; Quoilin, Sylvain ULg; Lemort, Vincent ULg

in Proceeding of the 13th International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference at Purdue (2010, July 11)

The world is facing a historical increase in energy demand and energy consumption. As consequence the conventional fossil fuels are depleting faster with an inherent pollution causing sever damages to our ... [more ▼]

The world is facing a historical increase in energy demand and energy consumption. As consequence the conventional fossil fuels are depleting faster with an inherent pollution causing sever damages to our environment. Renewable energy sources are considered as a solution to both environmental issue and energy demand. At the same time a lot of waste heat is witnessed in processes in industries and other thermal devices such internal combustion engines. Our objective is to propose a solution to recover this heat wasted. The organic Rankine cycle appeared to us as a solution. This paper presents a study carried out on a prototype of small scale organic Rankine cycle (ORC) driven by two waste heat hot air streams. The prototype was designed using a diaphragm pump, a set of plate heat exchangers and an oil-free scroll compressor adapted to run in expander mode. The available literature on Organic Rankine Cycles only proposes theoretical studies of fluid selection for a given application. This study aims at comparing fluids experimentally. Therefore, several fluids (including R245fa and R123) were tested in the prototype and the performance was measured. The tests were performed to study the performance of the ORC system and the expander over a wide range of working conditions. The temperature of the heat sources varied between 150°C and 200°C. The maximum expander shaft power was above 2kW and maximum expander efficiency was 70%. These tests allowed to point out the critical characteristics that should be taken into account while selecting the components for the design of an ORC. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign and fabrication of a micromachined electrostatically suspended gyroscope
Damrongsak, Badin; Kraft, Michaël ULg; Rajgopal, S. et al

in Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers - Part C - Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science (2008), 222(1), 53--63

The current paper describes the design and fabrication of a micromachined electrostatically suspended gyroscope. Electrostatic levitation is employed to suspend the rotor, eliminating the mechanical ... [more ▼]

The current paper describes the design and fabrication of a micromachined electrostatically suspended gyroscope. Electrostatic levitation is employed to suspend the rotor, eliminating the mechanical bearing and thus friction effects between the rotor and the substrate, hence improving long-term stability. The rate of rotation can be measured by detecting the torque-induced displacement of the spinning rotor using capacitive interface circuits. The device structure and its basic operating principle are described, as well as theoretical background and design considerations. The fabrication process of the gyroscope relies on glass/silicon/ glass stack bonding and deep dry etching and is outlined in detail. Initial prototypes realized with this fabrication process are presented and described. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)