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See detailEffect of block copolymers of various molecular architecture on the phase morphology and tensile properties of LDPE rich (LDPE/PS) blends
Harrats, Charef; Fayt, R.; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Polymer (2002), 43(3), 863-873

The emulsification efficiency of three different block copolymers consisting of hydrogenated polybutadiene (HPB) and polystyrene (PS), i.e. a pure diblock , a tapered diblock and a triblock copolymer has ... [more ▼]

The emulsification efficiency of three different block copolymers consisting of hydrogenated polybutadiene (HPB) and polystyrene (PS), i.e. a pure diblock , a tapered diblock and a triblock copolymer has been compared in low density polyethylene/polystyrene (LDPE/PS) blends rich in polyethylene. The comparison relies upon the ability of these potential interfacial agents to stabilize fine phase dispersion and to promote good interfacial adhesion. Based on the phase morphology, the ultimate tensile properties and the dynamic viscosity of the modified blends, the tapered diblock copolymer is clearly the most efficient emulsifier. For instance a plateau is observed in the property-copolymer content dependence when 2 wt% tapered diblock are used compared to ca. 5 wt% in case of the pure diblock. In contrast, no plateau is observed when the triblock copolymer is used. This is assumed to result from a less quantitative localization of these two copolymers i.e. the pue diblock or the triblock at the LDPE/PS interface. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effect of blood transfusion on cerebral blood-flow in preterm infants: a Doppler study
RAMAEKERS, Vincent ULg; Casaer, P.; Marchal, G. et al

in Developmental medicine and child neurology (1988), 30(3), 334-41

Stable infants with anaemia needing a transfusion with adult red blood-cells were studied to elucidate changes in brain blood-flow velocity. Within 24 hours and at five to six days following transfusion a ... [more ▼]

Stable infants with anaemia needing a transfusion with adult red blood-cells were studied to elucidate changes in brain blood-flow velocity. Within 24 hours and at five to six days following transfusion a substantial mean flow velocity reduction was observed. Haemodynamic factors contributing to the reduction were an increase in cerebrovascular resistance and an increase in whole blood viscosity, as reflected by a raised pulsatility index. Transfusion with adult red blood-cells causes an elevation in haemoglobin concentration, thereby increasing the total oxygen-carrying capacity of arterial blood; however, this lowers the concentration of fetal haemoglobin which possesses a higher affinity for oxygen. Since cerebral oxygen transport is equal to the product of cerebral blood-flow and arterial oxygen content, this finding suggests the existence of a homeostatic mechanism for cerebral oxygen transport. The actual amount of cerebral oxygen transport was found to increase progressively as the percentage of fetal haemoglobin rose above 30 per cent. At higher fetal haemoglobin levels, appropriate elevations in cerebral blood-flow occurred, causing an increase in the supply of oxygen to the brain. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of blue monochromatic light on non-visual functions in aging
Daneault, V; Vandewalle, Gilles ULg; Teikari, P et al

Poster (2011, June)

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See detailEffect of BM-573[N-terbutyl-N '-[2-(4 '-methylphenylamino)-5-nitro-benzenesulfonyl] urea], a dual thromboxane synthase inhibitor and thromboxane receptor antagonist, in a porcine model of acute pulmonary embolism
Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg; Lambermont, Bernard ULg; Dogné, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (The) (2004), 310(3), 964-972

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of BM-573 [N-terbutyl-N'-[2-(4'-methylphenylamino)-5-nitro-benzenesulfonyl] urea], a dual thromboxane A(2) synthase inhibitor and receptor antagonist, on ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of BM-573 [N-terbutyl-N'-[2-(4'-methylphenylamino)-5-nitro-benzenesulfonyl] urea], a dual thromboxane A(2) synthase inhibitor and receptor antagonist, on the hemodynamic response to acute pulmonary embolism. Six anesthetized pigs were infused with placebo ( placebo group) and compared with six other pigs receiving a continuous infusion of BM-573 ( BM group). Pulmonary embolization with 0.3 g/kg autologous blood clots was carried out 30 min after the start of the infusion. Right ventricular pressure-volume loops were recorded using a conductance catheter, and end-systolic ventricular elastance was periodically assessed by varying right ventricular preload. Pulmonary vascular properties were studied by use of a four-element wind-kessel model. Hemodynamic data, including assessment of right ventricular-arterial coupling, were collected at baseline and every 30 min for 4 h. Blood samples were collected to assess gas exchange, thromboxane A(2), and prostacyclin plasma levels and to evaluate platelet aggregation. Mean pulmonary arterial pressure in the placebo group increased significantly more than in the BM group, mainly because of an additional increase in pulmonary vascular resistance. Arterial and end-systolic ventricular elastances increased also more in the placebo group, whereas right ventricular efficiency decreased. BM-573 prevented both platelet aggregation induced by U-46619 (9,11-dideoxy-11alpha, 9alpha-epoxymethanoprostaglandin F-2alpha) or by arachidonic acid, and thromboxane A(2) overproduction, whereas prostacyclin liberation was preserved. Oxygenation, however, was not significantly improved. We conclude that in this animal model of acute pulmonary embolism, infusion of BM-573 reduced pulmonary vasoconstriction. As a result, right ventricular-vascular coupling values were maintained at a maximal efficiency level. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of Body Weight Loss on Cardiopulmonary Function assessed by 6-Minute Walk Test and Arterial Blood Gas Analysis in Obese Dogs
Manens; Ricci, R; Damoiseaux, C et al

in Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2014), 28(2), 371-378

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See detailEffect of body weight losson pulmonary function assessed by 6-minute walk test and arterial blood gases in obese dogs
Manens, Jeff; Damoiseaux, Cécile ULg; Gault, Simon et al

in Proceedings of 22nd ECVIM Meeting - Maastricht, Netherlands (2012, September)

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See detailEffect of body weight losson pulmonary function assessed by 6-minute walk test and arterial blood gases in obese dogs
Manens, Jeff; Ricci, Rebecca; Damoiseaux et al

Poster (2012, October 19)

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See detailEffect of bolt preloading on joint behaviour
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; Maquoi, René ULg

in Proceedings of the First European Conference on Steel Structures (1995)

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See detailEffect of boundary conditions and heat source distribution on temperature distribution in friction stir welding
Simar, A.; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Pardoen, T. et al

in Science & Technology of Welding & Joining (2006), 11(2), 170-177

on Al-6005A have been carried out using a fully instrumented milling machine. The power input was calculated from the measured torque and forces. The thermal cycles were measured at various locations ... [more ▼]

on Al-6005A have been carried out using a fully instrumented milling machine. The power input was calculated from the measured torque and forces. The thermal cycles were measured at various locations close to the weld centreline. A finite element pseudothermal model was developed, taking into account the influence of the welding parameters on the power input. The distribution of the total power input between surface and volume heat sources was also studied. The measured and predicted thermal cycles are in good agreement when proper contact conditions between the workpiece and the backing plate are introduced. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of bovine Azawak colostrum administration on plasma protein profile in red kid.
Abdou, Harouna ULg; Marichatou, Hamani; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

Poster (2012, October 11)

This study evaluated the impact of heterologous Azawak colostrum administration on plasma protein profile in red kids from Niger. Forty (40) newborn kids were affected to one of two treatments: control ... [more ▼]

This study evaluated the impact of heterologous Azawak colostrum administration on plasma protein profile in red kids from Niger. Forty (40) newborn kids were affected to one of two treatments: control group (access to water and the mother) and colostrum group (access to the mother, water and additional 50 ml of colostrum Azawak/animal the day of birth, then 25ml/animal/day from the 2nd to 15th day). Blood samples (10ml/animal) were obtained at the age of 10 and 30 days by jugular puncture into EDTA vacutainer tubes. The quantification of total protein was performed by the Biuret method. The agarose gel electrophoresis was used to determine serum levels of albumin, ɑ-globulin, β1-globulin, β2-globulin, γ-globulin and finally the albumin/globulin ratio. In general, the average concentrations of these proteins obtained at both ages reached higher values in colostrum than in control group. At day 10, the colostrum group tended to show (P <0.07) higher levels for ɑ-globulin and showed higher values (P <0.04) for β1-globulin. At day 30, total protein and β2-globulins were higher in colostrum group. The administration of heterologous colostrum in kid seems to have positive effects on some plasma parameters. It would be worth to discriminate the plasma proteins derived from bovine and maternal colostra. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of bovine colostrum administration on plasma protein profile, growth, and survival in Red kid.
Abdou, Harouna ULg; Marichatou, Hamani; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Small Ruminant Research (2013), 117

This study evaluated the effect of colostrum from Azawak cows on plasma protein profile, 24 growth, and survival in Red kids from Niger. Forty (40) newborn kids were allocated to one 25 of two treatment ... [more ▼]

This study evaluated the effect of colostrum from Azawak cows on plasma protein profile, 24 growth, and survival in Red kids from Niger. Forty (40) newborn kids were allocated to one 25 of two treatment-groups: control (free access to water and the mother) and colostrum (free 26 access to water and the mother, but with additional 50 mL of colostrum/animal/day of birth 27 and 25 mL/animal/day from the 2nd to 15th day of age). Blood samples were collected into 28 EDTA vacutainer tubes by jugular puncture at 10 and 30 days of age. Total protein was 29 quantified by the Biuret method. The agarose gel electrophoresis was used to determine the 30 serum levels of albumin, -globulin, β1-globulin, β2-globulin, γ-globulin and the 31 albumin/globulin ratio. The animals from the colostrum group showed higher body weight 32 and average daily gain when compared to the control group (P < 0.001). The average 33 concentration in protein at the both sampling times reached higher values in the colostrum 34 than in the control group. At D10, the colostrum group tended (P < 0.07) to show higher 35 levels of -globulin and had higher values (P < 0.05) for β1-globulin. At D30, total protein 36 and β2-globulins were higher in colostrum group. Colostrum from Azawak cows seems to 37 have positive effects on some plasma proteins levels and on growth rate in Red kids. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of bovine colostrum intake on growth, reproductive parameters and survival in red kids
Harouna, Abdou; Marichatou, Hamani; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Journal of Animal Physiology & Animal Nutrition (in press)

The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of frozen Azawak colostrum supplementation on body weight (BW), average daily gain (ADG), reproductive parameters (mean age at first parturition ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of frozen Azawak colostrum supplementation on body weight (BW), average daily gain (ADG), reproductive parameters (mean age at first parturition, fertility, fecundity, prolificacy) and mortality rate among red kids. The study was conducted at the goat farm secondary centre of Maradi in Niger from September 2010 to September 2011. The control animals (n = 20) were left with their mother, while the treatment animals (n = 20) received in addition 50 ml/animal/day of bovine colostrum at birth and 15 ml/animal/day from d2 to d15. Weight was measured weekly from birth to d365. Mortalities were also recorded over the same period. For reproductive parameters, observations began at weaning (d197). Growth rate was higher (p < 0.001) in supplemented animal, and the treatment effects on ADG were observed up to 150 day after the end of supplementation. A similar long-lasting trend was also observed in relation to the mortality rate (25% for ColG vs. 55% for ConG; p = 0.05). The age at first kidding tended to be lower in the treated group (13.8 0.7 vs. 14.1 0.8 month; p < 0.1). In conclusion, mild bovine colostrum supplementation induces a long-lasting positive impact on growth rate and to a lower extent on reproduction parameters and survival rate. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of bovine colostrum on the serum insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), the IGF binding proteins-2 and -3 and the thyroid hormones in weaning piglets
Boudry, Christelle ULg; Dehoux, Jean-Paul; Colinet, Frédéric ULg et al

in Archiv Tierzucht (2010), 53(6), 675-688

This study examined the effect of a bovine colostrum supplementation on growth performance, feed intake and the hormonal response of piglets at weaning. Ninety-six newly-weaned piglets were assigned for ... [more ▼]

This study examined the effect of a bovine colostrum supplementation on growth performance, feed intake and the hormonal response of piglets at weaning. Ninety-six newly-weaned piglets were assigned for four weeks to one of the two treatments: Control (diet with bovine milk whey) and Colostrum (diet with bovine colostrum whey) treatments. The supplements were incorporated in a commercial diet at 20 g/kg during the first 2 weeks after weaning and lowered to 10 g/kg for the next 2 weeks. Body weight and feed intake were measured weekly. Blood samples were taken weekly for determination of circulating IGF-I, its binding proteins and the thyroid hormones (T3 and T4). During the first week of the trial, the Colostrum-fed piglets presented improved growth performance, feed intake and feed efficiency and a higher concentration in circulating IGF-I (+ 15 %) compared to the Control piglets. In both treatments, the circulating thyroid hormones were reduced by weaning and the levels measured at weaning were recovered earlier by the Colostrum-fed piglets compared to the Control group (P < 0.05). It is concluded that hormonal response observed after the bovine colostrum supplementation is, at least in part, consequent of the positive action of bovine colostrum on the feed intake. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect Of Bovine Colostrum Supplementation On Cytokine mRNA Expression In Weaned Piglets
Boudry, Christelle ULg; Buldgen, André; Portetelle, Daniel ULg et al

in Livestock Science (2007), 108(1-3), 295-298

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of a bovine colostrum supplementation on the immune Th1/Th2 response in weaned piglets. After weaning at 21 days, 21 piglets were fed daily ad libitum ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of a bovine colostrum supplementation on the immune Th1/Th2 response in weaned piglets. After weaning at 21 days, 21 piglets were fed daily ad libitum with a starter diet supplemented for 3 weeks with 0, 1 or 5 g of bovine colostrum. Growth performances were measured weekly. Spleen and gut-associated lymphoid tissues (GALT) (ileal Peyer’s patch (iPP), jejunum wall (JW) and mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN)) biopsies were collected on each piglet after the 3 weeks treatment and analyzed for their cytokine mRNA expression (IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, IL-12 and IFN) by RT-PCR. Growth performances were not affected by bovine colostrum (P > 0.05). In the colostrum groups, the iPP cells showed higher IL-4, IL-10 and IL-12 cytokine levels (P < 0,05), associated with a decrease of IFN-γ (P < 0,01) and no effect on IL-2 production (P > 0,05). IL-10, IL-2 and IL-12 productions increased (P < 0,05) in MLN, with no effect on IFN-γ and IL-4 levels (P > 0,05). The IL-12 production was also increased (P < 0,01) in JW cells with no modification for the other cytokine. No modification of cytokine production was observed in the spleen (P > 0,05). These results suggest an immunomodulatory effect of bovine colostrum on the GALT which answered by producing, at different levels, both Th1 pro-inflammatory cytokines - IL-2, IFN-γ and IL-12 - and Th2 anti-inflammatory cytokines - IL-4 and IL-10. This bipolarity of the Th1/Th2 response protects the weaned piglets from both allergic (food) as well as infectious (pathogens) diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect Of Bovine Colostrum Supplementation On Cytokine mRNA Expression In Weaned Piglets
Boudry, Christelle ULg; Buldgen, André; Portetelle, Daniel ULg et al

in 10th International symposium on digestive physiology in pigs (2006, May)

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See detailEffect of bovine colostrums of 1st, 2nd and 3rd milking on growth performance and the immune system of newly-weaned piglets after an E. coli LPS challenge
Gauthier, Vincent ULg; Boudry, Christelle ULg; Buldgen, André

in Book of the Abstracts of the 60th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (2009, August)

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See detailEffect of breed on Doppler echocardiographic measurements in equids
Al Haidar, A; Sandersen, Charlotte ULg; Van Erck, Emmanuelle et al

in Proceedings of the 3rd Annual Congress of the European College of Equine Internal Medicine (ECEIM) (2009)

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See detailEffect of breed, age and sex on selenium content of dromedary
Sahraoui, Naima; Boudjenah, Saliha; Dotreppe, Olivier ULg et al

in Sahraoui Journal of Camelid Science (2013), 6

The dromedary camel is able to produce meat and milk in arid conditions and its production is appreciated by the autochthon population. The aim of this study was to determine the selenium concentration in ... [more ▼]

The dromedary camel is able to produce meat and milk in arid conditions and its production is appreciated by the autochthon population. The aim of this study was to determine the selenium concentration in 61 Longissimus dorsi muscle samples representing three Algerian camel breeds (Tergui, Sahraoui or Naili breeds), the age of the selected camels ranged between 8 months and 13 years old. The muscle samples were collected from the slaughterhouse of Ouargla (South East Algeria) representing 41 males and 20 female. The average content of selenium was 0.216 mg.kg-1of wet tissue, which is higher than values currently reported in most ruminants. The level of Se was not influenced by age and sex. However, Tergui breed contained significantly higher selenium than other breeds, which may be due to diet composition intake. In conclusion, the meat from camels in Algeria is a good source of selenium, assessing its nutritional interest for human. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of breed, sex, age and body weight on Echocardiographic Measurements in the Equine Species
Al Haidar, Ali; Farnir, Frédéric ULg; Deleuze, Stefan ULg et al

in Research in Veterinary Science (2013), In press

Little is known about the effect of various animal's signalment variables on echocardiographic reference values in the equine species. This study was performed to evaluate the effect of sex, breed, age ... [more ▼]

Little is known about the effect of various animal's signalment variables on echocardiographic reference values in the equine species. This study was performed to evaluate the effect of sex, breed, age and body weight (BW) on echocardiographic measurements in the equine species. Echocardiography was performed on 212 ponies or horses of various breeds, aged from 1 day to 37 years old (mean ± SD: 7.8 ± 5.8 years), BW 38-890 kg (mean ± SD: 421 ± 133 Kg), and free of cardiac disease. Fifty of those animals aged from 2 months to 35 years old (mean ± SD: 11.6 ± 6.4 years old); BW 77-662 kg (mean ± SD: 436 ± 135 kg) were also examined using the pulsed-wave Doppler mode. Standard two-dimensional and M-mode echocardiography were performed on all animals. Standard pulsed-wave Doppler examination of each cardiac valve was performed on the 50 first examined animals. Data were analysed using a general linear model including the effect of sex, age, breed and BW after logarithmic transformation of the data. Therefore, the same analysis was performed separately on animals aged  2 years-old and on older animals. All dimensional echocardiographic measurements were significantly affected by BW and most of them were significantly affected by breed, but not by sex. Only the aortic and the pulmonary artery internal diameter were significantly affected by age. None of the Doppler measurements were significantly affected by the tested variables. In conclusion, in the equine species, dimensional echocardiographic reference values should be established using regression equations as a function of BW, which could increase the diagnostic value of this leading technique in equine cardiology. Breed could also have an effect on those measurements. [less ▲]

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