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See detailDesign of perfluorinated macroligand for the implementation of atom transfer radical polymerization in supercritical carbon dioxide
Grignard, Bruno ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Calberg, Cédric ULg et al

Conference (2008, November 28)

Due to an increasing need for polymers with well-defined architecture (diblock-, graft-, star-shaped copolymers), molecular weight and/or functional end-groups, the use of controlled radical ... [more ▼]

Due to an increasing need for polymers with well-defined architecture (diblock-, graft-, star-shaped copolymers), molecular weight and/or functional end-groups, the use of controlled radical polymerization (CRP) in scCO2 has started to gain attention. Among all the controlled processes, Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization has emerged as a robust tool for the preparation of polymers with well-defined molecular weight, architecture and chain-end functionality. The goal of the research relies on the development of ATRP of vinyl monomers in scCO2. Perfluorinated polymethacrylate, i.e. poly2,2,2-trifluoroethyl methacrylate (PFMA), was successfully prepared by homogenous ATRP using a polymeric ligand in order to complex the copper catalyst. CO2-soluble poly(2,2,2-trifluoroethylmethacrylate) was also prepared in supercritical CO2 by supported ATRP using a “pseudo-homogeneous” catalyst consisting of copper (I) ligated by macroligand immobilized onto an inorganic support, that results in polymers with well defined molecular weight and low polydispersity. The first efficient dispersion ATRP of methyl methacrylate (MMA) in scCO2 using a fluorinated polymeric ligand that had a dual role, i.e., the complexation of the copper salt and the stabilization of PMMA growing particles was also reported and the concept of dispersion ATRP was extended to the dispersion ATRP of styrene, to the synthesis of diblock copolymers beads using PMMA beads as macroinitiators, leading to (co)polymers with predictable molecular weight and narrow polydispersity. Finally, because both ATRP and alkyne-azide Huisgen’s 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition relies on the use of a Cu(I) catalyst, synthesis of pyrene end-functionalized polymers by simultaneous dispersion ATRP and click reaction was also investigated in supercritical carbon dioxide, leading to the formation of PMMA of well defined characteristics that was collected as fluorescent micropheres. [less ▲]

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See detailThe design of performance monitoring systems in healthcare organizations : a stakeholder perspective
Rouhana, Rima; Van Caillie, Didier ULg

in Journal Medical Libanais = Lebanese Medical Journal (2015), 64/1

Monitoring the hospital’s performance is evolving over time in search of more efficiency by integrating additional levels of care, reducing costs and keeping stuff up-to-date. To fulfill these three ... [more ▼]

Monitoring the hospital’s performance is evolving over time in search of more efficiency by integrating additional levels of care, reducing costs and keeping stuff up-to-date. To fulfill these three potentially divergent aspects and to monitor performance, healthcare administrators are using dissimilar management control tools. To explain why, we suggest to go beyond traditional contingent factors to assess the role of the different stakeholders (governments, patients, authorities, personnel and administrators) that are at the heart of any healthcare organization. So, the main interest of our empirical study is to appraise how healthcare managers can foster strategic “alignment” in chaotic environments. To investigate this subject, we rely first on seminal studies to appraise the role of the main healthcare players and their influence on some organizational attributes (essentially size, lifecycle, structure, climate and technology in use). We then consider the managerial awareness and the perception of a suitable management control system (MCS) to promote a strategy-focused organization. Our methodology is based on a qualitative approach of twenty-two case studies, lead in two heterogeneous environments (Belgium and Lebanon). This method allows to illustrate, for each healthcare player, its positioning within the healthcare systems. Thus, we define how its role, its perception and its responsiveness manipulate the organization’s internal climate and shape the design of the performance monitoring systems. Our findings are expected to add knowledge on the reasons of the choice of adequate management systems, within three different healthcare organizational structures: university, general/university and general hospitals. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of photochemical materials for carbohydrate production via the immobilisation of whole plant cells into a porous silica matrix
Meunier, C. F.; Rooke, J. C.; Léonard, Alexandre ULg et al

in Journal of Materials Chemistry (2010), 20(5), 929-936

Photochemical materials that act as bioreactors by exploiting the photosynthesis mechanism have been fabricated by entrapping whole plant cells within a porous silica matrix. The immobilisation step has ... [more ▼]

Photochemical materials that act as bioreactors by exploiting the photosynthesis mechanism have been fabricated by entrapping whole plant cells within a porous silica matrix. The immobilisation step has been achieved via the in situ co-polymerisation of an aqueous silica precursor and a biocompatible trifunctional silane directly around cells. The cells remain undivided whilst the photochemical activity of the cells is well preserved over time. The design of a photochemical material that can act like a leaf, converting water into O2 and produce valuable organic compounds from CO2 under light irradiation is described. In particular, the increased excretion of polysaccharides by this photochemical material has been highlighted. The organic compounds formed have been extracted and analysed. The success of this work could open the door to new exciting photochemical materials with long-term photosynthetic activity and stability and to new green chemical processes for the conversion of solar energy into chemical energy with a concomitant reduction in CO2. © 2010 The Royal Society of Chemistry. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of Photoreactive Orthosteric GABAA Ligands Potentially Useful for Studying Localization and Function of GABAA Receptors
Francotte, Pierre ULg; Nielsen, Birgitte; Krogsgaard Larsen, Povl et al

Poster (2011, May 08)

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See detailDesign of polymer blend rheology: 4. Effect of polymethacrylic ionomers on the melt viscosity of polyamide m x D,6
Degée, Philippe; Vankan, R.; Teyssié, Philippe et al

in Polymer (1997), 38(15), 3861-3867

Rheological properties of blends of polyamide m x D,6 (PA) with random copolymers of methyl methacrylate and methacrylic acid (P(MMA-co-MAA)) and the related ionomers (P(MMA-co-metal MA)), respectively ... [more ▼]

Rheological properties of blends of polyamide m x D,6 (PA) with random copolymers of methyl methacrylate and methacrylic acid (P(MMA-co-MAA)) and the related ionomers (P(MMA-co-metal MA)), respectively, have been investigated at 260°C. Addition of small amounts of suitable ionomers (up to 5 wt%) remarkably increases the melt viscosity of PA. At low shear rates and depending on the metal cation of the ionomer, the rheofluidity of PA is reduced by at least two orders of magnitude. The PA melt viscosity increases with the cation as follows: Ni2+ < Ba2+ < Mg2+ < Li+ < Na+ < K+ < Cs+. The major effect is believed to occur when the polymer compatibility is improved to the point where a finely dispersed two-phase system with a low interfacial tension is reached, as a result of strong ion-dipole interactions. Polyblends show a rheothinning behaviour which agrees with the reversibility of H-bonding and dipolar interactions. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of polymeric dispersants for waterborne coatings
Creutz, Serge; Jérôme, Robert ULg; Kaptijn, G. M. P. et al

in Journal of Coatings Technology (1998), 70(883), 41-46

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See detailDesign of Pt/carbon xerogel catalysts for PEM fuel cells
Job, Nathalie ULg; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg; Zubiaur, Anthony ULg et al

in Catalysts (2015), 5

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See detailDesign of Pt/carbon xerogel catalysts for PEM fuel cells
Job, Nathalie ULg; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg; Zubiaur, Anthony ULg et al

Conference (2014, July)

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See detailDesign of pulsed extraction columns based on lab-sacle experiments with a small number of drops
Groß-Hardt, E; Henschke, M; Klinger, S et al

Conference (2002)

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See detailDesign of reversibly core cross-linked micelles sensitive to reductive environment
Cajot, Sébastien ULg; Lautram, N.; Passirani, Catherine et al

in Journal of Controlled Release (2011), 152(1), 30-36

Azido-functional amphiphilic macromolecules based on a biodegradable aliphatic polyester (poly-epsilon-caprolactone, PCL) and a bioeliminable hydrophilic poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) block have been used in ... [more ▼]

Azido-functional amphiphilic macromolecules based on a biodegradable aliphatic polyester (poly-epsilon-caprolactone, PCL) and a bioeliminable hydrophilic poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) block have been used in order to build micellar drug delivery systems. Such azido groups being able to react by alkyne-azide 1,3 Huisgens cycloaddition (a click reaction) have been used further in order to cross-link the micelles via redox-sensitive disulfide bridges. This reversible cross-linking allows to prevent micelles dissociation at high dilution upon injection and to trigger their dissociation in more reductive environment, such as the cytosol. Copolymers having three different architectures, i.e. able to crosslink either the core or the shell of core-shell-corona system have been used to investigate their micellization, cross-linking and cross-linking reversibility. The stealthiness of these micelles crosslinked in the hydrophobic segment has also been studied in vitro. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of reversibly disulfide core cross-linked polymer micelles
Cajot, Sébastien ULg; Schol, Daureen ULg; Danhier, F. et al

Poster (2011, November 21)

Over the last decade, polymer micelles attracted an increasing interest in drug pharmaceutical research because they could be used as efficient drug delivery systems. Micelles of amphiphilic block ... [more ▼]

Over the last decade, polymer micelles attracted an increasing interest in drug pharmaceutical research because they could be used as efficient drug delivery systems. Micelles of amphiphilic block copolymers are supramolecular core-shell type assemblies of tens of nanometers in diameter. An accumulation of polymer nanocarriers to solid tumours is possible due to the EPR effect. Even if micelles get a high stability in aqueous media, the dissociation of micelles is not always preserved when they are injected in the blood compartment. This work aims at reporting on the design of reversibly cross-linked micelles based on PEO-b-PCL copolymers by introducing disulfide bridges in the micelle core to provide higher stability. Different kinds of macromolecular architectures are employed to study their impact on the micelles and their biological behavior. These new functional copolymers were all successfully micellized, reversibly cross-linked and are stealthy, which show the efficiency of the developed cross-linking process and offer a set of nanocarriers to be tested further, as shown on the first biological tests. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (6 ULg)
See detailDesign of reversibly disulfide core cross-linked polymer micelles
Cajot, Sébastien ULg; Schol, Daureen ULg; Danhier, F. et al

Poster (2011, December 07)

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (11 ULg)
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See detailDesign of River Navigation weirs and Flood Protection Barriers
Rigo, Philippe ULg; Sarghiuta, Radu; Herbillon, Vincent ULg et al

in 78th ICOLD Annual Meeting - Hanoi 2010 (2010, May 23)

The aim of the WG (Working Group) was to conduct a comprehensive review (state-of-the-art) of the modern technologies, design tools and recent research used to design and build structures controlling ... [more ▼]

The aim of the WG (Working Group) was to conduct a comprehensive review (state-of-the-art) of the modern technologies, design tools and recent research used to design and build structures controlling water level and flow in rivers, waterways and ports (for navigation & flood protection). The WG considered regulatory structures such as: - Gates controlling water level and flow in rivers (even non navigable) and waterways (lifting gate, tilting gate, radial gate, sector, etc.; designed in one piece or with an upper flap). These are referred to as WEIRS. - Gates controlling water level and flow in estuaries with regards to high tides and storms (lifting gate, articulated, tilting, rolling, floating, sliding, etc.). These structures are referred to as BARRIERS. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 177 (9 ULg)
See detailDesign of smart polymer micelles for pH triggered drug delivery systems
Jérôme, Christine ULg

Conference (2009, April 02)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (9 ULg)