Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Effect of Colic on Oxygen Extraction in Horses
Cambier, Carole ULg; Wierinckx, Maude ULg; Grulke, Sigrid ULg et al

in Veterinary Journal (2008), 175(1), 102-107

Blood oxygen transport and oxygen extraction were assessed in horses with colic. A gravity score (GS) ranging from 1 to 3 was attributed to each colic case with healthy horses used as controls. Jugular ... [more ▼]

Blood oxygen transport and oxygen extraction were assessed in horses with colic. A gravity score (GS) ranging from 1 to 3 was attributed to each colic case with healthy horses used as controls. Jugular venous and carotid arterial blood samples were collected and concentrations of 2,3-diphosphoglycerate, adenosine triphosphate, inorganic phosphate and chloride were determined. pH and partial pressures of carbon dioxide (PCO(2)), and oxygen (PO(2)) were also measured. Oxygen equilibrium curves (OEC) were constructed under standard conditions and oxygen extraction ratios calculated. Haemoglobin oxygen affinity measured under standard conditions (P50(std)) was unchanged in colic horses compared with healthy controls. Horses with the highest GS, i.e. 3 had lower blood pH values than healthy animals. Arterial and venous partial pressures of oxygen at 50% haemoglobin saturation (P50(a) and P50(v)) were significantly higher in horses suffering from colic (GS=3) than in healthy horses. The oxygen extraction ratio was also significantly increased in colic horses with a GS of 3. A rise in the oxygen extraction ratio detected in the most severely affected animals seemed to reflect the compensatory properties of the oxygen transport system where extraction of oxygen from the blood increases when systemic oxygen delivery decreases, as might be anticipated in horses with colic. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of collagen hydrolysate in articular pain: A 6-month randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Zegels, Brigitte ULg; Leonori, Lorenzo et al

in Complementary Therapies in Medicine (2012), 20

Objective: Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of a food supplement made of collagen hydrolysate 1200 mg/day versus placebo during 6 months, in subjects with joint pain at the lower or upper limbs or at ... [more ▼]

Objective: Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of a food supplement made of collagen hydrolysate 1200 mg/day versus placebo during 6 months, in subjects with joint pain at the lower or upper limbs or at the lumbar spine. Design: Comparative double-blind randomized multicenter study in parallel groups. Setting: 200 patients of both genders of at least 50 years old with joint pain assessed as ≥30 mm on a visual analogical scale (VAS). Intervention: Collagen hydrolysate 1200 mg/day or placebo during 6 months. Main outcome measure: Comparison of the percentage of clinical responder between the active collagen hydrolysate group and the placebo group after 6 months of study. A responder subject was defined as a subject experiencing a clinically significant improvement (i.e. by 20% or more) in the most painful joint using the VAS score. All analyses were performed using an intent-totreat procedure. Results: At 6 months, the proportion of clinical responders to the treatment, according to VAS scores, was significantly higher in the collagen hydrolysate (CH) group 51.6%, compared to the placebo group 36.5% (p < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference between groups at 3 months (44.1% vs. 39.6%, p = 0.53). No significant difference in terms of security and tolerability was observed between the two groups. Conclusions: This study suggests that collagen hydrolysate 1200 mg/day could increase the number of clinical responders (i.e. improvement of at least 20% on the VAS) compared to placebo. More studies are needed to confirm the clinical interest of this food supplement. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (26 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of collagen hydrolysate in articular pain: A 6-month randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Zegels, Brigitte ULg; LEONORI, Lorenzo ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2012, March), 23(Suppl. 2), 362-363

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe effect of collagenated space filling materials in sinus bone augmentation: a study in rabbits
LAMBERT, France ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg; Drion, Pierre ULg et al

in Clinical Oral Implants Research (2013), 24(5),

Aim: The inclusion of biomaterial particles used for alveolar bone regeneration in a carrier or in binding agents such as collagen gel or fibers is of interest as a means to help with surgical handling ... [more ▼]

Aim: The inclusion of biomaterial particles used for alveolar bone regeneration in a carrier or in binding agents such as collagen gel or fibers is of interest as a means to help with surgical handling. However, the possible influence of collagen on bone tissue response to biomaterials is poorly studied. The objective of the present study was to investigate, in a sub-sinus bone augmentation model in rabbits, the effect of collagen at different stages of the osteogenesis process. Histologic, histomorphometric and volumetric analyses were performed. Materials and methods: Rabbits underwent a double sinus lift procedure using bovine hydroxyapatite (BHA), collagenated bovine hydroxyapatite (BHAColl), and prehydrated and collagenated porcine hydroxyapatite (PHAColl). Animals were sacrificed at 1 week, 5 weeks or 6 months. Samples were subjected to X-ray micro-tomography and histology. Qualitative analysis was performed on the non-decalcified sections and quantitative histomorphometric analyses were conducted using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Volume variations of bone augmentations were calculated at different time points. Results: The three biomaterials allowed an optimal bone formation and were able to equally withstand sinusal reexpansion. A comparable percentage of new bone, as well as 3D volume stability, was found between the groups at each time point. However, the PHAColl resorption rate was significantly higher than the rates in other groups (P = 0.0003), with only 3.6% of the particles remaining at 6 months. At 1 week, both collagenated groups displayed the presence of inflammatory cells although BHA did not show any sign of inflammation. At 5 weeks and 6 months, the inflammatory process had disappeared completely in the BHAColl groups, whereas some inflammatory-like cells could still be observed around the remaining particles of PHAColl. Conclusions and clinical implications: Within the limitations of this study in rabbits, the findings showed the presence of inflammatory-like cells at the early stage of bone regeneration when collagenated xenogenic biomaterials were used compared to xenogenic granules alone. Nevertheless, similar bone formation occurred and comparable 3D volumes were found at 6 months in the different groups. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe effect of common bovine respiratory diseases on tidal breathing flow-volume loops
Lekeux, Pierre ULg; Art, Tatiana ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg

in Veterinary Research Communications (1988), 12(6), 463-473

In order to better understand the bovine breathing pattern, tidal breathing flow-volume loops (TBFVL) were analyzed in 24 healthy cattle of different body weights (range: 37-660 kg) (Group A) and in 28 ... [more ▼]

In order to better understand the bovine breathing pattern, tidal breathing flow-volume loops (TBFVL) were analyzed in 24 healthy cattle of different body weights (range: 37-660 kg) (Group A) and in 28 cattle suffering from the common respiratory diseases: verminous bronchitis (Group B); shipping fever (Group C); acute respiratory distress syndrome (Group D); respiratory syncytial virus pneumonia (Group E); organophosphate poisoning (Group F); and necrotic laryngitis (Group G). Respiratory airflow and tidal volume were measured with a breathing mask-Fleisch pneumotachograph assembly. TBFVL were traced from these values using a computerized method. All the loop indices proposed by Amis and Kurpershoek (1986a) were calculated from 5 representative breathing cycles for each of the 52 animals. The TBFVL shapes and indices were relatively constant in most healthy cattle and were not correlated with the body size. When compared to normal values, animals with moderate respiratory syndromes (Groups B and C) had a more flattened shape to their TBFVL. On the other hand, in most cattle with severe respiratory pathologies (Groups D, F and G expiration tended to be biphasic with the peak expiratory flow (PEF) occurring significantly later than in healthy animals. Both PEF and peak inspiratory flow were increased in all the pathological conditions. The TBFVL indices were more frequently and more severely changed during expiration than during inspiration. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe effect of communication skills training on residents' physiological arousal in a breaking bad news simulated task
Meunier, Julie; Merckaert, Isabelle; Libert, Yves et al

in Patient Education & Counseling (2013), 93(1), 40-47

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of concentration temperature on some bioactive compounds and antioxidant proprieties of date syrup
Abbès, Fatma; Besbes, Souhail; Bchir, Brahim ULg et al

in Food Science & Technology International (2013), 19

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (19 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe effect of concrete substrate quality towards evaluation of repair system using impact-echo method
Garbacz, Andrzej; Piotrowski, Tomasz; Kwasniewski, L. et al

in Szczesniak, W. E.; A. Zbiciak, A. (Eds.) Theoretical foundations of civil engineering (2009, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of concrete substrate texture on the adhesion properties of PCC repair mortar
Courard, Luc ULg; Garbacz, A.; Schwall, D. et al

in Barroso de Aguiar, J.; Jalali, S.; Camoes, A. (Eds.) et al Polymers in Concrete (2006, April)

The study of adhesion of repair materials on concrete structures implies a good knowledge of the influence of concrete surface characteristics. A large research project has been realized with regards to ... [more ▼]

The study of adhesion of repair materials on concrete structures implies a good knowledge of the influence of concrete surface characteristics. A large research project has been realized with regards to the influence of concrete substrate strength and preparation technique efficiency. Three types of concretes and four types of surface preparation have been combined in order to obtain twelve different concrete slabs. They have been characterized according different destructive and non destructive techniques: Schmidt hammer, compressive strength, superficial cohesion (pull-off tests), Impact Echo measurements and cracking quantification (microscopical observations). Finally, a polymer cement concrete mortar has been applied and adhesion has been evaluated by means of pull-off and laboratory tensile tests. The relationships between parameters describing surface quality (roughness, cracking), adhesion strength and stress wave propagation have been analysed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of concrete surface treatment on adhesion in repair systems
Garbacz, A.; Gorka, M.; Courard, Luc ULg

in Magazine of Concrete Research (2005), 57(1), 49-60

Existing concrete surfaces need to be roughened to a profile necessary to achieve mechanical interlocking with any repair material. In this study, different surface treatments (e.g. grinding, sandblasting ... [more ▼]

Existing concrete surfaces need to be roughened to a profile necessary to achieve mechanical interlocking with any repair material. In this study, different surface treatments (e.g. grinding, sandblasting, shotblasting, hand- and mechanical milling) were performed and the quality of the preparation established on the basis of three main parameters: surface geometry, superficial concrete microcracking and adhesion. Surface geometry was characterised on the basis of the measurement of surface profile-profilometry-and the analysis of statistical and amplitude parameters calculated from the waviness (lower frequencies) and the roughness (higher frequencies) profiles of the surface. Investigations were also performed to assess the quality of the superficial zone of concrete and cracks were systematically observed in relation to surface treatment where both scanning electron microscopy and light microscopy were used for analysis. Finally, a repair mortar with or without bond coat, was applied to the concrete substrates in order to measure adhesion. Relationships clearly show the effect of roughness on adhesion in the case where no bond coat was used and also the influence of the power of the surface treatment on the waviness shape of the profile and the presence of microcracks in the near-surface layer related to failure type. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 225 (5 ULg)
Full Text
See detailThe effect of continuous galvanizing thermal cycle on the microstructure and mechanical properties of two multiphase TRIP-assisted steels
Mertens, Anne ULg; McDermid, Joseph R.

in Proceedings of the MS&T'05 Conference (2005, September)

Multiphase TRIP assisted-steels are particularly attractive for the automotive industry, as they exhibit an exceptional strength-ductility balance which is attained through the combination of a complex ... [more ▼]

Multiphase TRIP assisted-steels are particularly attractive for the automotive industry, as they exhibit an exceptional strength-ductility balance which is attained through the combination of a complex microstructure and of a TRIP effect, i.e. the mechanically induced transformation of metastable retained austenite. This multiphase microstructure - and particularly the retention of metastable austenite - is obtained through the combination of appropriate chemistry and processing conditions, i.e an intercritical annealing followed by an isothermal hold in the temperature range for bainite formation. It has been established that this second step is important in controlling austenite retention and hence the mechanical properties. In the present work, the effect of heat treatment cycles compatible with the continuous hot dip galvanizing process, namely a high bainitic dwell temperature, on the microstructure and mechanical properties of two multiphase TRIP-assisted steel grades - one Si-alloyed grade and one mixed Si-Al grade - has been studied. It was shown that bainite formation in the Si-alloyed grade was too slow to bring about the retention of a significant amount of austenite down to room temperature. The mixed Al-Si grade, on the other hand, exhibited faster bainite formation kinetics under heat treatment conditions compatible with the CGL process, such that it is possible to retain a significant amount of austenite. The partial substitution of silicon by aluminum appears thus a promising path for the production of galvanized TRIP-assisted steels. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 ULg)
See detailThe effect of continuous galvanizing thermal cycle on the microstructure and mechanical properties of two multiphase TRIP-assisted steels
Mertens, Anne ULg; Bellhouse, Erika M.; Fourmentin, Richard et al

Scientific conference (2005, June 28)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of convective outer layers modeling on non-adiabatic seismic observables of delta Scuti stars
Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2007), 470

Context: The identification of pulsation modes in delta Scuti stars is mandatory for constraining the theoretical stellar models. The non-adiabatic observables used in the photometric identification ... [more ▼]

Context: The identification of pulsation modes in delta Scuti stars is mandatory for constraining the theoretical stellar models. The non-adiabatic observables used in the photometric identification methods depend, however, on convection modeling in the external layers. Aims: We determine how the treatment of convection in the atmospheric and sub-atmospheric layers affects the mode identification and what information about the thermal structure of the external layers can be obtained from amplitude ratios and phase lags in Strömgren photometric bands. Methods: We derive non-adiabatic parameters for delta Scuti stars by using, for the first time, stellar models with the same treatment of convection in the interior and in the atmosphere. We compute classical non-gray mixing length models, and as well non-gray ``full spectrum of turbulence'' (FST) models. Furthermore, we compute the photometric amplitudes and phases of pulsation by using the colors and the limb-darkening coefficients as derived from the same atmosphere models as used in the stellar modeling. Results: We show that the non-adiabatic phase-lag is mainly sensitive to the thermal gradients in the external layers, hence to the treatment of convection, and that this sensitivity is also clearly reflected in the multi-color photometric phase differences. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of conventional controlled-rate freezing and vitrification on quality of bovine blasotcysts produced in vitro
Kaidi, Safia; Bernard, S.; Lambert, Philippe ULg et al

in Biology of Reproduction (2001), 65

This study compares the effects of conventional controlled-rate freezing and vitrification on the morphology and metabolism of in vitro-produced bovine blastocysts. Day 7 expanded blastocysts cultured in ... [more ▼]

This study compares the effects of conventional controlled-rate freezing and vitrification on the morphology and metabolism of in vitro-produced bovine blastocysts. Day 7 expanded blastocysts cultured in synthetic oviduct fluid with 5% fetal calf serum were frozen in 1.36 M glycerol, 0.25 M sucrose or vitrified in 25% glycerol, 25% ethylene glycol. Cell alterations and in vitro development were evaluated immediately after thawing or after 72 h. The effect of cryopreservation on inner cell mass and trophectoderm (TE) cell number as well as glucose, pyruvate, and oxygen uptakes, and lactate release by blastocysts were evaluated. Immediately after thawing, blastocysts showed equivalent cell membrane permeabilization after both cryopreservation procedures, while alterations in nuclear staining were more frequent in vitrified embryos. After culture, similar survival and hatching rates were observed. Both procedures decreased cell number immediately after thawing and after 72 h. However, the number of TE cells was lower in frozen embryos than in vitrified ones. In relation to this, frozen blastocysts showed a decrease in glucose, pyruvate, and oxygen uptake, although those parameters were not altered in vitrified embryos. An increased glycolytic activity was also observed in frozen embryos, indicating a stress response to this procedure. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of cooling on the behaviour of a steel beam under fire loading including the end joint response
Simoes da Silva, Luis; Santiago, Aldina; Vila Real, Paulo et al

in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Civil and Structural Engineering Computing (2003)

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (8 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of corn steep liquor supplementation and scale up on Lactococcus starter production.
Hamdi, M.; Hamza, S.; Mtimet, N. et al

in Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering (2000), 22

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)