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See detailDepression in tension-type headache sufferers: bystander or villain?
Schoenen, Jean ULg

in Pain (2004), 111(3), 225-225

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See detailDepression in Women and in Men: Differences on Behavioral Avoidance and on Behavioral Activation
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Baeyens, Céline; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2015, August 06)

Depression is a well-known disorder characterized by e.g. sadness, loss of interest and pleasure, feelings of guilt or worthlessness. Depression is also characterized by a decrease of the level of ... [more ▼]

Depression is a well-known disorder characterized by e.g. sadness, loss of interest and pleasure, feelings of guilt or worthlessness. Depression is also characterized by a decrease of the level of engagement in activities also conceptualized as behavioral avoidance. Indeed, depressed patients less and less engage themselves in pleasurable activities (e.g. they spend more and more time in their bed, see their friends more rarely). Reciprocally, this decrease of the level of engagement in activities reinforces and maintains depressive symptoms. This relationship between depression and a low level of engagement in activities is well-established in the scientific literature but no study has, until now, discussed the reasons of this decrease of engagement in activities. According to theoretical models of depression (Beck, 2008; Lewinsohn, 1985; Watkins, 2009), five sets of psychological processes (PP) are involved in depressive symptomatology: negative repetitive thoughts, maladaptive emotion regulation strategies, low environmental rewards, negative self-image and inhibition. We hypothesize that these PP could be considered as explaining factors of the behavioral avoidance. Furthermore, we hypothesize that other PP could be considered as explaining factors of the behavioral activation (adaptive emotion regulation strategies, high environmental rewards, positive self-image, approach and high self-clarity). Then, our aim is to assess the links between behavioral avoidance as well as activation and the PP mentioned above. In order to reach this objective, we developed a model of these links based on the psychological model of mental ill-health of Kinderman (2005, 2013). According to this model, biological, social and circumstantial factors lead to mental disorders through their conjoint effects on psychological processes. Furthermore, because depression is different in women and in men, we assessed the adequacy of our model according to the sex. Clinical and community adults completed an online survey assessing the psychological processes mentioned above, avoidance and activation. Since several questionnaires were used to assess each PP, factorial scores were computed for each one. Preliminary analyses (confirmatory factor analyses) were realized with a sample of 393 women and 139 men. The results revealed differences between men and women. For women, on the one hand, low levels of environmental rewards, maladaptive emotion regulation strategies and negative repetitive thoughts are linked to behavioral avoidance, and on the other hand, high levels of environmental rewards and positive self-image are linked to behavioral activation. For men, on the one hand, negative self-image, maladaptive emotion regulation strategies and low environmental rewards are linked to behavioral avoidance, and, on the other hand, high levels of environmental rewards and positive self-image are linked to behavioral activation. The final results will be presented during the convention, as data-collection is on-going and will end in May 2015. Clinical implications of these results will also be discussed such as the relevance of working on the levels of environmental rewards. [less ▲]

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See detailDépression majeure et prescription personnalisée
PITCHOT, William ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2015)

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See detailla dépression maternelle en post-partum: actualisation et points pratiques
Battisti, Oreste ULg; Emonts, Patrick ULg

in colloque de l'EPU-Ulg (2012, May)

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See detailLa dépression résistante : Définition et diagnostic
PITCHOT, William ULg; SOUERY, D.; Ansseau, Marc ULg

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (2011), 111(4), 13-19

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See detailLa dépression résistante : Définition et diagnostique
PITCHOT, William ULg; SCANTAMBURLO, Gabrielle ULg; ANSSEAU, Marc ULg

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (2011)

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See detailDépression saisonnière. mensuel de l’Université de Liège, Liège, Belgique.
Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg

Article for general public (2010)

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See detailDépression, anxiété, agressivité, impulsivité et comportement suicidaire
PAQUAY, Catherine ULg; PITCHOT, William ULg; Reggers, Jean et al

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (2003), 103

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See detailDepression, anxiety, and multicultural counselling
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg

in Aungier, C. (Ed.) Proceedings of the VIth Congress of the European Forum for Students Guidance : Understanding complexity, respecting diversity, L'Aquila, May 28-31 (1997)

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See detailDépression, niveau d'engagement dans des activités et processus psychologiques : Nouvel axe de lecture et nouveaux outils d'évaluation
Wagener, Aurélie ULg

Conference (2014, October 17)

Cet atelier aura pour objectif de présenter un modèle théorique, testé auprès de 500 personnes, des liens entre la dépression, le niveau d’engagement dans des activités et différentes familles de ... [more ▼]

Cet atelier aura pour objectif de présenter un modèle théorique, testé auprès de 500 personnes, des liens entre la dépression, le niveau d’engagement dans des activités et différentes familles de processus psychologiques (image de soi, pensées négatives répétitives, évitement expérientiel, satisfaction environnementale, régulation émotionnelle et tendance à l’approche). Plus précisément, nous menons actuellement une étude dont les résultats nous permettront d’identifier les processus psychologiques médiateurs de la relation entre la dépression et le niveau d’engagement dans des activités. Ces processus psychologiques médiateurs pourront donc devenir des cibles précises et identifiées du traitement psychothérapeutique. Pour mener à bien cette étude, nous avons réalisé une revue de la littérature des outils évaluant spécifiquement ces processus psychologiques. Certains questionnaires ont été traduits de l’Anglais au Français et sont en cours de validation. L’ensemble des échelles utilisées, leur utilité et leur cotation, seront présentées lors de l’atelier. Elles seront également mises à disposition des cliniciens intéressés. Une discussion concernant les patients avec lesquels les utiliser sera également proposée. [less ▲]

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See detailDépression: Intérêt de la variation contingente négative
Papart, Patrick ULg

in Dialogue/Depression (1994)

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See detailDepressive symptomatology and the influence of the behavioral avoidance and activation: A gender-specific investigation
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Baeyens, Céline; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Journal of Affective Disorders (2016), 193

BACKGROUNG: Depression is a highly prevalent disorder which is usually considered as differentially experienced depending on gender. Behavioral theories of depression pinpoint the importance of the ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUNG: Depression is a highly prevalent disorder which is usually considered as differentially experienced depending on gender. Behavioral theories of depression pinpoint the importance of the behavioral avoidance in the maintenance of depression. However, little is known about the specific impact of the behavioral avoidance and activation on each depressive symptom as well as on gender differences on the behavioral features of depression. METHODS: This study’s aim was two-fold: (1) to assess the presence of gender differences on the BDI-II; (2) to investigate the respective predictive value of behavioral avoidance and of behavioral activation on each depressive symptom assessed by the BDI-II depending on gender. Community adults and adults attending mental healthcare composed the sample. RESULTS: Results showed differences in symptomatology profiles depending on gender (e.g. higher scores of sadness, self-criticalness in women, higher scores of past failure and loss of pleasure in men). Behavioral avoidance positively predicted almost all depressive symptoms in women and in men while behavioral activation negatively predicted almost all symptoms in both gender. Nevertheless, the strengths of these relationships were different for some symptoms (e.g. pessimism). LIMITATIONS: The use of self-report instruments; the lack of assessment of causal or precipitating factors of the depressive symptomatology; the higher number of women in the sample. CONCLUSIONS: Results are discussed with respect to previous findings and present clinical implications: (1) to underline the relevance of the combination of gender-specific assessment tools; (2) to highlight the need of tailored psychological intervention. [less ▲]

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See detailDepressive vulnerability is not an independent risk factor for osteoporosis in postmenopausal women.
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Deroisy, Rita ULg; Paul, I. et al

in Maturitas (1999), 33(2), 133-7

Major depression has been repeatedly but not consistently reported to be associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) and to an increased risk for fracture in women. We have investigated, in healthy ... [more ▼]

Major depression has been repeatedly but not consistently reported to be associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) and to an increased risk for fracture in women. We have investigated, in healthy postmenopausal women, whether depressive symptomatology, assessed by the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), was associated to a significant decrease in BMD, hence supporting the hypothesis of an independent pathogenetic link between the two disorders. We investigated 121 postmenopausal women, aged 48-77 years, spontaneously attending a screening visit for osteoporosis in an outpatient facility. BMD of the spine and the non-dominant hip (total and neck areas) were measured by Dual Energy X-Ray absorptiometry. All subjects completed to the 'General Health Questionnaire' translated and validated in French. No significant correlations were observed between the GHQ score and BMD of the spine (P = 0.54), the total hip area (P = 0.65), or the femoral neck area (P = 0.65). No differences in terms of spinal or femoral BMD were observed between women with GHQ score < 5 or > or = 5. When comparing values of BMD between women within the upper and the lower quartiles for GHQ score, no difference was observed for spine (P = 0.69), total hip (P = 0.80), or femoral neck (P = 0.93). Similarly, GHQ scores were not significantly different when comparing women in the upper and lower quartiles of BMD distribution at the spine or the hip. In conclusion, notwithstanding the clinical pattern of postmenopausal osteoporosis can lead to depression and, on the other hand, hormonal and behavioral disturbances reported in depression might be enhancing factors for accelerated bone loss, our present results do not support the hypothesis that otherwise healthy postmenopausal women with increased depressive complaints are also more prone to exhibit osteoporotic fractures. [less ▲]

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See detailDeprivation of citizenship for 'jihadists' Analysis of Belgian and French practice and policy in light of the principle of equal treatment
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in Kruiniger, Pauline (Ed.) Jihad, Islam en Recht. Jihadisme en reacties vanuit het Nederlandse en Belgische recht (2016)

In the fight against terrorism States have resorted to a variety of weapons. Much attention has been devoted to criminal law as a possible answer to terrorism. Many States have also resorted to ... [more ▼]

In the fight against terrorism States have resorted to a variety of weapons. Much attention has been devoted to criminal law as a possible answer to terrorism. Many States have also resorted to nationality law, using deprivation as a means to punish those involved in terrorism. This paper will focus on Belgium and France. These two countries indeed present striking similarities. Both in France and Belgium the provisions on deprivation already made it possible to deprive a national of his citizenship in terrorist cases. Nevertheless, the legislation in these countries has been recently modified to offer yet a stronger answer to terrorism. The public debate in the two countries is modelled on similar lines. This is in particular true for the issue of equality arising in connection of deprivation of nationality. The paper will first offer an overview of the existing statutory provisions in the two countries, before critically reviewing the discussion on equality and non discrimination. [less ▲]

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See detailLes déprivations en question !
Binot, M. L.; Born, Michel ULg; Gavray, Claire ULg et al

in Observatoire : Revue d'Action Sociale & Médico-Sociale (1985), 5

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See detailDepsicologizzare la psicologia. L'analisi del mentale in Brentano e in Wittgenstein
Boccaccini, Federico ULg; Pastorini, Chiara

in Il Cannocchiale (2008)

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See detailDepth of remission in Crohn's disease patients seen in a referral centre : associated factors and impact on disease outcome.
Poncin, M.; Reenaers, C.; Van Kemseke, C. et al

in Acta gastro-enterologica Belgica (2014), 77(1), 41-6

INTRODUCTION: Our goals were to assess the prevalence of biological and tissue remission in routine practice in Crohn's disease, and to evaluate the correlation between biological or tissue remission and ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: Our goals were to assess the prevalence of biological and tissue remission in routine practice in Crohn's disease, and to evaluate the correlation between biological or tissue remission and clinical or demographic characteristics as well as their impact on disease outcome. METHODS: We performed a retrospective monocenter study. Biological remission was defined by a CRP < 5 mg/I. Tissue remission was defined by the absence of ulcer at endoscopy and/or absence of signs of acute inflammation at MRI. Association with demographic, clinical and laboratory markers was studied by logistic regression models and rates of relapses, hospitalizations and surgeries were compared using the logrank test. RESULTS: Among the 263 patients included, 147 were in clinical remission; 102/147 (69%) were in biological remission. Fifty-six patients also had morphological evaluation: 37 (66%) were in tissue remission. Biological remission was associated with older age, higher hemoglobin and lower BMI. Tissue remission was associated with older age, lower platelets count, absence of previous surgery, and the use of immunosuppressant. Time-to-relapse was significantly longer in patients with biological remission and in patients with tissue remission as compared to patients without biological or tissue remission. CONCLUSIONS: Among the patients in clinical remission seen as outpatients, two thirds were either in biological and/or tissue remission. Biological and/or tissue remission was associated with a better outcome than clinical remission alone. [less ▲]

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See detailDepth of valve implantation, conduction disturbances and pacemaker implantation with CoreValve and CoreValve Accutrak system for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation, a multi-center study.
Lenders, Guy D.; Collas, Valerie; Hernandez, Jose Maria et al

in International journal of cardiology (2014)

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) is now considered an indispensable treatment strategy in high operative risk patients with severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis. However ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) is now considered an indispensable treatment strategy in high operative risk patients with severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis. However, conduction disturbances and the need for Permanent Pacemaker (PPM) implantation after TAVI with the CoreValve prosthesis still remain frequent. METHODS AND RESULTS: We aimed to evaluate the implantation depth, the incidence and predictors of new conduction disturbances, and the need for PPM implantation within the first month after TAVI, using the new Accutrak CoreValve delivery system (ACV), compared to the previous generation CoreValve (non-ACV). In 5 experienced TAVI-centers, a total of 120 consecutive non-ACV and 112 consecutive ACV patients were included (n=232). The mean depth of valve implantation (DVI) was 8.4+/-4.0mm in the non-ACV group and 7.1+/-4.0mm in the ACV group (p=0.034). The combined incidence of new PPM implantation and new LBBB was 71.2% in the non-ACV group compared to 50.5% in the ACV group (p=0.014). DVI (p=0.002), first degree AV block (p=0.018) and RBBB (p<0.001) were independent predictors of PPM implantation. DVI (p<0.001) and pre-existing first degree AV-block (p=0.021) were identified as significant predictors of new LBBB. CONCLUSION: DVI is an independent predictor of TAVI-related conduction disturbances and can be reduced by using the newer CoreValve Accutrak delivery system, resulting in a significantly lower incidence of new LBBB and new PPM implantation. [less ▲]

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