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See detailDisorders of mitochondrial function
Debray, François-Guillaume ULg; Lambert, M.; Mitchell, G. A.

in Current Opinion in Pediatrics (2008), 20(4), 471-482

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See detailDispa-SET 2.0: unit commitment and power dispatch model
Hidalgo González, Ignacio; Quoilin, Sylvain ULg; Zucker, Andreas

Report (2014)

Most analyses of the future European energy system conclude that in order to achieve energy and climate change policy goals it will be necessary to ramp up the use of renewable energy sources. The ... [more ▼]

Most analyses of the future European energy system conclude that in order to achieve energy and climate change policy goals it will be necessary to ramp up the use of renewable energy sources. The stochastic nature of those energies, together with other sources of short- and long-term uncertainty, already have significant impacts in current energy systems operation and planning, and it is expected that future energy systems will be forced to become increasingly flexible in order to cope with these challenges. Therefore, policy makers need to consider issues such as the effects of intermittent energy sources on the reliability and adequacy of the energy system, the impacts of rules governing the curtailment or storage of energy, or how much backup dispatchable capacity may be required to guarantee that energy demand is safely met. Many of these questions are typically addressed by detailed models of the electric power sector with a high level of technological and temporal resolution. This report describes one of such models developed by the JRC's Institute for Energy and Transport: Dispa-SET 2.0, a unit commitment and dispatch model of the European power system aimed at representing with a high level of detail the short-term operation of large-scale power systems. The new model is an updated version of Dispa-SET 1.0, in use at the JRC since 2009. [less ▲]

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See detailDisparités au sein du système éducatif en Communauté française de Belgique
Lafontaine, Dominique ULg

in Eduquer et former. Théories et pratiques (1995), 7

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See detailLes disparités et les dynamiques territoriales. Introduction méthodologique
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (1994), (30), 5-14

This paper considers three kinds of methodological problems in the field of territorial dynamics and disparities. First of all, the definition of the concepts of disparity, dynamics and territory ... [more ▼]

This paper considers three kinds of methodological problems in the field of territorial dynamics and disparities. First of all, the definition of the concepts of disparity, dynamics and territory; secondly, the choice of spatial analysis levels, temporal limits and indicators and finally research into explanations. These are always very complicated and pratical despite the contribution of the major regional development theories and the new inquiries of regional science in the field of perceptions, networks and actors' roll. [less ▲]

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See detailDisparities in dialysis treatment and outcomes for Dutch and Belgian children with immigrant parents.
Schoenmaker, Nikki J.; Tromp, Wilma F.; van der Lee, Johanna H. et al

in Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany) (2012), 27(8), 1369-79

BACKGROUND: In Belgium and the Netherlands, up to 40% of the children on dialysis are children with immigrant parents of non-Western European origin (non-Western). Concerns exist regarding whether these ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: In Belgium and the Netherlands, up to 40% of the children on dialysis are children with immigrant parents of non-Western European origin (non-Western). Concerns exist regarding whether these non-Western patients receive the same quality of care as children with parents of Western European origin (Western). We compared initial dialysis, post-initial treatment, and outcomes between non-Western and Western patients on dialysis. METHODS: All children <19 years old on chronic dialysis in the Netherlands and Belgium between September 2007 and May 2011 were included in the study. Non-Western patients were defined as children of whom one or both parents were born in non-Western countries. RESULTS: Seventy-nine of the 179 included patients (44%) were non-Western children. Compared to Western patients, non-Western patients more often were treated with hemodialysis (HD) instead of peritoneal dialysis (PD) as first dialysis mode (52 vs. 37%, p = 0.046). Before renal transplantation, non-Western patients were on dialysis for a median (range) of 30 (5-99) months, vs. 15 (0-66) months in Western patients (p = 0.007). Renal osteodystrophy was diagnosed in 34% of non-Western vs. 18% of Western patients (p = 0.028). The incidence rate ratio [95% confidence interval] for acute peritonitis was 2.44 [1.43-4.17] (p = 0.032) for non-Western compared to Western patients. CONCLUSIONS: There are important disparities between children on chronic dialysis with parents from Western European origin and those from non-Western European origin in the choice of modality, duration, and outcomes of dialysis therapy. [less ▲]

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See detailLa disparition d'une organisation internationale : l'Union de l'Euope occidentale (1954-2011)
Dumoulin, André ULg

in Annuaire français de relations internationales 2011 (2011)

Bras alluvionnaire du courant d'unification européenne (1948), bras armé intergouvernemental des intérêts européens de sécurité (1980), pilier européen de sécurité au profit de l'OTAN et de l'Union (1992 ... [more ▼]

Bras alluvionnaire du courant d'unification européenne (1948), bras armé intergouvernemental des intérêts européens de sécurité (1980), pilier européen de sécurité au profit de l'OTAN et de l'Union (1992), outil d'imprégnation otanienne (1995), organe résiduel en voie « d’amaigrissement forcé » (2000), l'Union occidentale, mais surtout l'Union de l'Europe occidentale, furent ainsi les enjeux de rivalités entre européistes et atlantistes, entre l'OTAN et l'Union, avant d'être « amaigrie » puis « condamnée » au profit de cette dernière. Ces affaiblissements successifs jusqu’à sa dénonciation ont fait de l'Union de l'Europe occidentale la seule organisation de sécurité et de défense qui fut vidée avec autant d'efficacité de sa substance par les capitales qui en étaient pourtant les premiers gardiens et les maîtres d'œuvre. [less ▲]

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See detailLa disparition de l'absorption
Kefer, Fabienne ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (1995)

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See detailDispatcher-assisted telephone cardiopulmonary resuscitation using a French-language compression-only protocol in volunteers with or without prior life support training: A randomized trial.
Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg; Collas, D.; Stipulante, Samuel ULg et al

in Resuscitation (2011)

OBJECTIVES: Due to the recent interest in hands-only protocols for dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the lack of any validated algorithms in French, our primary objective was to ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: Due to the recent interest in hands-only protocols for dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the lack of any validated algorithms in French, our primary objective was to evaluate a new French-language protocol in terms of its efficacy to help previously untrained volunteers in performing basic life support efforts of appropriate quality, and secondarily to investigate its potential utility in subjects with previous training. METHODS: Untrained volunteers were recruited among adults in a public movie centre and previously trained volunteers among undergraduate nursing students. Participants were randomly assigned to 'phone CPR' versus 'no phone CPR' by drawing sets of envelopes. Primary outcome measures were the results of the Cardiff evaluation test; the secondary measures were global scoring of a complete 5min period of CPR, in a manikin model of cardiac arrest. RESULTS: Out of 146 volunteers assessed for eligibility, 36 previously untrained candidates declined participation. 110 participants, distributed into four groups, completed the study: the previously untrained non-guided group (group A, n=30), the previously untrained guided group (group B, n=30), the previously trained non-guided group (group C, n=25) and the previously trained guided group (group D, n=25). Results of the Cardiff test and global evaluation of CPR performance revealed a significant improvement in group B as compared with group A, approaching the level of the group C. Previously trained guided bystanders had the best CPR scores, notably because of an improvement in the quality of airway management. CONCLUSION: When used by dispatchers, this new French-language algorithm offers the opportunity to help previously untrained bystanders initiate CPR. The same protocol may serve to guide volunteers with prior basic life support training to reach their best CPR performance. [less ▲]

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See detailDispense de permis d'urbanisme en Région wallonne (I)
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Immobilier (1999), 21

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See detailDispense de permis d'urbanisme en Région wallonne (II)
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Immobilier (1999), 22

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See detailDispense de permis d'urbanisme en Région wallonne (III)
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Immobilier (1999), 23

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See detailDispense de permis d'urbanisme en Région wallonne (IV)
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Immobilier (2000), 1

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See detailDispenses de permis d'urbanisme en Région wallonne
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Immobilier (2001), 18

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See detailDispersal ability and speciation mechanisms in bryophytes
Hutsemekers, Virginie ULg

Doctoral thesis (2012)

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See detailDispersal and predation of diaspores of Coula edulis Baill. in an evergreen forest of Gabon
Moupela, Christian ULg; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg; Daïnou, Kasso ULg et al

in African Journal of Ecology (2013), 52

The African walnut ( Coula edulis) is a tree species of African evergreen forests, the seeds of which are collected and traded by African people. Many animal species consume African walnut diaspores ... [more ▼]

The African walnut ( Coula edulis) is a tree species of African evergreen forests, the seeds of which are collected and traded by African people. Many animal species consume African walnut diaspores; however, their roles as dispersers or predators have yet to be clarified. In this study, we present observations conducted in two different habitats of a Gabonese region over a 3-year period. The originality of this research resides in the combination of three complementary approaches: (i) the use of camera-traps (ii) the exploration of land rodent burrows and (iii) the examination of elephant dung. In total, 408 camera-trap photographs have shown seven animal species involved in the dispersal/predation of C. edulis. Among these seven frugivorous species, the bush pig was found to be the main consumer and predator of seeds. Land rodents (Muridae) are potential predators, as they damaged the seeds and buried them deep in the soil. They may also play a role in the regeneration process as a result of the loss of seeds during transportation. Finally, no seeds appeared to emerge intact from elephant faeces. These results indicate that the natural regeneration rate of this tree species is low, unless other complex mecha-nisms are involved. [less ▲]

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See detailDispersal and regeneration capacity of large-seeded tree species in a forest-savanna mosaic in Western DR Congo
Trolliet, Franck ULg; Huynen, Marie-Claude ULg; Hambuckers, Alain ULg

Poster (2012)

It is widely recognized that the Congo Basin is affected by numerous anthropogenic pressures. A number of studies proved that hunting and forest fragmentation diminish the diversity and abundance of large ... [more ▼]

It is widely recognized that the Congo Basin is affected by numerous anthropogenic pressures. A number of studies proved that hunting and forest fragmentation diminish the diversity and abundance of large vertebrates, more specifically, of large frugivores. The depletion of those animals can directly affect large-seeded tree species as large seeds closely depend on the community of large frugivorous vertebrates for their dispersal. Then, the disruption of animal mediated seed dispersal is thought to deeply impact the plant regeneration capacity. The forest-savanna mosaic situated in Western DR Congo is an ecotone characterized by naturally occurring forest fragments which are also subject to numerous anthropogenic pressures. Those are very likely to disrupt seed dispersal mechanisms and to alter forest regeneration processes. To date, few studies have considered the effect of such an ecosystem on plant-animal interaction dynamics such as seed dispersal, and none have been done in this region. This study will examine if the early stages of regeneration of the large-seeded tree species Anonidium mannii, namely the dispersal capacity and seedling establishment is affected by forest fragment size. We predict that the small fragment size will negatively affect the regeneration capacity of this species. To test this assumption, we will work along a gradient of forest fragment sizes to define the composition of the seed disperser communities. For each disperser assemblage, we will evaluate the quantitative capacity of seed dispersal by combining direct focal observations and camera trapping. A literature review on each disperser species seed retention time and habitat use will allow the computation of the seed dispersal kernels. We will also evaluate the effect of seed ingestion by a presumably important seed disperser, the bonobo, Pan paniscus, on its germination capacity. Seeds will be collected from dung to evaluate the effect of seed ingestion on the rate and velocity of germination. Finally, we will study the predation pressure exerted on dispersed and non-dispersed seeds and seedlings by setting up two sets of seeds below the canopy of parent trees and away from any conspecific trees. One set will be dispersed unprotected to seed predators; another one will be enclosed in a cage and permit seeds to germinate, allowing us to evaluate the herbivores pressure on seedlings. [less ▲]

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See detailDispersal, diversity and evolution of the Macaronesian cryptogamic floras
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Laenen, Benjamin ULg; Rumsey, F. J. et al

in Plants and Islands, 2nd ed. (2010)

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See detailDispersed Pd-Ag alloys for selective production of olefins from chlorinated alkanes
Heinrichs, Benoît ULg; Schoebrechts, Jean-Paul; Pirard, Jean-Paul ULg

in Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis (2000), 130

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (2 ULg)