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See detailDedication - Michel Frankignoulle
Borges, Alberto ULg; Delille, Bruno ULg

in Journal of Marine Systems (2007), 66(1-4), 4-5

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See detailDeeds not declarations: Ukraine's convergence with the EU's foreign and security policies until 2010
Natorski, Michal ULg

in Noutcheva, Gergana; Pomorksa, Karolina; Bosse, Giselle (Eds.) The EU and its neighbours. Values versus security in European foreign policy (2013)

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See detailDeel IV De belastingplichtige
Peeters, Bart ULg

in Vandebergh, Henri (Ed.) BTW-Handboek (2014)

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See detailDeelrapport: Bevraging van de aanbodzijde In het kader van de DIVERSITEITSBAROMETER HUISVESTING
Verstrate, Jana; Perrin, Nathalie ULg; De Decker, Pascal

in Centre Interfédéral pour l'Egalité des Chances (Ed.) Baromètre de la diversité - Logement (2014)

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See detailDeep asteroseismic sounding of the compact hot B subdwarf pulsator KIC02697388 from Kepler time series photometry
Charpinet, Stéphane; Van Grootel, Valérie ULg; Fontaine, Gilles et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2011), 530

Context. Contemporary high precision photometry from space provided by the Kepler and CoRoT satellites generates significant breakthroughs in terms of exploiting the long-period, g-mode pulsating hot B ... [more ▼]

Context. Contemporary high precision photometry from space provided by the Kepler and CoRoT satellites generates significant breakthroughs in terms of exploiting the long-period, g-mode pulsating hot B subdwarf (sdBVs) stars with asteroseismology. Aims: We present a detailed asteroseismic study of the sdBVs star KIC02697388 monitored with Kepler, using the rich pulsation spectrum uncovered during the ~27-day-long exploratory run Q2.3. Methods: We analyse new high-S/N spectroscopy of KIC02697388 using appropriate NLTE model atmospheres to provide accurate atmospheric parameters for this star. We also reanalyse the Kepler light curve using standard prewhitening techniques. On this basis, we apply a forward modelling technique using our latest generation of sdB models. The simultaneous match of the independent periods observed in KIC02697388 with those of models leads objectively to the identification of the pulsation modes and, more importantly, to the determination of some of the parameters of the star. Results: The light curve analysis reveals 43 independent frequencies that can be associated with oscillation modes. All the modulations observed in this star correspond to g-mode pulsations except one high-frequency signal, which is typical of a p-mode oscillation. Although the presence of this p-mode is surprising considering the atmospheric parameters that we derive for this cool sdB star (Teff = 25 395 ± 227 K, log g = 5.500 ± 0.031 (cgs), and log N(He) /N(H) = -2.767 ± 0.122), we show that this mode can be accounted for particularly well by our optimal seismic models, both in terms of frequency match and nonadiabatic properties. The seismic analysis leads us to identify two model solutions that can both account for the observed pulsation properties of KIC02697388. Despite this remaining ambiguity, several key parameters of the star can be derived with stringent constraints, such as its mass, its H-rich envelope mass, its radius, and its luminosity. We derive the properties of the core proposing that it is a relatively young sdB star that has burnt less than ~34% (in mass) of its central helium and has a relatively large mixed He/C/O core. This latter measurement is in line with the trend already uncovered for two other g-mode sdB pulsators analysed with asteroseismology and suggests that extra mixing is occurring quite early in the evolution of He cores on the horizontal branch. Conclusions: Additional monitoring with Kepler of this particularly interesting sdB star should reveal the inner properties of KIC02697388 and provide important information about the mode driving mechanism and the helium core properties. [less ▲]

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See detailDeep Background Subtraction with Scene-Specific Convolutional Neural Networks
Braham, Marc ULg; Van Droogenbroeck, Marc ULg

in International Conference on Systems, Signals and Image Processing, Bratislava 23-25 May 2016 (2016, May)

Background subtraction is usually based on low-level or hand-crafted features such as raw color components, gradients, or local binary patterns. As an improvement, we present a background subtraction ... [more ▼]

Background subtraction is usually based on low-level or hand-crafted features such as raw color components, gradients, or local binary patterns. As an improvement, we present a background subtraction algorithm based on spatial features learned with convolutional neural networks (ConvNets). Our algorithm uses a background model reduced to a single background image and a scene-specific training dataset to feed ConvNets that prove able to learn how to subtract the background from an input image patch. Experiments led on 2014 ChangeDetection.net dataset show that our ConvNet based algorithm at least reproduces the performance of state-of-the-art methods, and that it even outperforms them significantly when scene-specific knowledge is considered. [less ▲]

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See detailDeep Brain Stimulation : une nouvelle thérapie?
Thonnard, Marie ULg

in Schnakers, Caroline; Laureys, Steven (Eds.) Coma et état de conscience altérée (2011)

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See detailDeep brain stimulation for intractable chronic cluster headache: proposals for patient selection
Leone, M.; May, A.; Franzini, A. et al

in Cephalalgia : An International Journal of Headache (2004), 24(11), 934-937

Cluster headache is the most severe of the primary headaches. Positron emission tomography and functional MRI studies have shown that the ipsilateral posterior hypothalamus is activated during cluster ... [more ▼]

Cluster headache is the most severe of the primary headaches. Positron emission tomography and functional MRI studies have shown that the ipsilateral posterior hypothalamus is activated during cluster headache attacks and is structurally asymmetric in these patients. These changes are highly specific for the condition and suggest that the cluster headache generator may be located in that brain area; they further suggest that electrical stimulation of that region might produce clinical improvement in chronic cluster headache sufferers refractory to medical therapy. In five patients with severe intractable chronic cluster headache, hypothalamic electrical stimulation produced complete and long-term pain relief with no relevant side-effects. We therefore consider it essential to propose criteria for selecting chronic cluster headache patients for hypothalamic deep brain stimulation before this procedure is undertaken at other academic medical centres. [less ▲]

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See detailA Deep Chandra Observation of the Giant H II Region N11. I. X-Ray Sources in the Field
Nazé, Yaël ULg; Wang, Q. Daniel; Chu, You-Hua et al

in Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series (2014), 213

A very sensitive X-ray investigation of the giant H II region N11 in the Large Megallanic Cloud was performed using the Chandra X-ray Observatory. The 300 ks observation reveals X-ray sources with ... [more ▼]

A very sensitive X-ray investigation of the giant H II region N11 in the Large Megallanic Cloud was performed using the Chandra X-ray Observatory. The 300 ks observation reveals X-ray sources with luminosities down to 10[SUP]32[/SUP] erg s[SUP]–1[/SUP], increasing the number of known point sources in the field by more than a factor of five. Among these detections are 13 massive stars (3 compact groups of massive stars, 9 O stars, and one early B star) with log (L [SUB]X[/SUB]/L [SUB]BOL[/SUB]) ~–6.5 to –7, which may suggest that they are highly magnetic or colliding-wind systems. On the other hand, the stacked signal for regions corresponding to undetected O stars yields log (L [SUB]X[/SUB]/L [SUB]BOL[/SUB]) ~–7.3, i.e., an emission level comparable to similar Galactic stars despite the lower metallicity. Other point sources coincide with 11 foreground stars, 6 late-B/A stars in N11, and many background objects. This observation also uncovers the extent and detailed spatial properties of the soft, diffuse emission regions, but the presence of some hotter plasma in their spectra suggests contamination by the unresolved stellar population. [less ▲]

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See detailDeep circulation changes in the Labrador sea since the last glacial maximum: New constraints from Sm-Nd data on sediments
Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Innocent, C.; Stevenson, R. K. et al

in Paleoceanography (1999), 14(6), 777-788

Sm-Nd concentrations and Nd isotopes were investigated in the fine fraction of two Labrador Sea cores to reconstruct the deep circulation patterns through changes in sedimentary supply since the last ... [more ▼]

Sm-Nd concentrations and Nd isotopes were investigated in the fine fraction of two Labrador Sea cores to reconstruct the deep circulation patterns through changes in sedimentary supply since the last glacial stage. Three sources are involved: the North American Shield, Palaeozoic rocks from northeastern Greenland, and mid-Atlantic volcanism. The variable input of these sources provides constraints on the relative sedimentary supply, in conjunction with inception of deep currents. During the last glacial stage a persistent but sluggish current occurred inside the Labrador Basin. An increasing discharge of volcanic material driven by the North East Atlantic Deep Water is documented since 14.3 kyr, signaling the setup of a modern-like deep circulation pattern throughout the Labrador, Irminger, and Iceland basins. During the last deglacial stage the isotopic record was punctually influenced by erosion processes related mainly to ice-sheet instabilities, especially 11.4, 10.2, and 9.2 kyr ago. [less ▲]

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See detailDeep drawing process with different elasto-plastic law
de Montleau, P.; Duchene, Laurent ULg; Bouvier, S. et al

in Stören, Sigurd (Ed.) Proceedings of the 7th ESAFORM conference on Material Forming (2004)

Recently, a combination of a texture based yield locus and of the Teodosiu's hardening model has been implemented in the Finite Element code LAGAMINE of the department M&S of the University of Liège. The ... [more ▼]

Recently, a combination of a texture based yield locus and of the Teodosiu's hardening model has been implemented in the Finite Element code LAGAMINE of the department M&S of the University of Liège. The yield locus is able to take into account the texture updating during a FE simulation. The texture evolves with respect to the crystalographic rotations due to the plastic deformations. Two hardening models are considered: the classical Swift istropic hardening model and the Teodosiu's hardening model that is a physically-based microstructural model. It takes into account intergranular heterogeneity due to the evolution of dislocation structures, that affects the isotropic and the kinematic hardening. The aim of the paper is to compare the influence of the hardening with the influence of the yield shape updating due to the texture evolution, on the final plastic anisotropy, for a deep drawing simulation. The tests are performed for the steel FeP06t that presents a non negligible initial anisotropy. [less ▲]

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See detailDeep drawing simulations with different polycrystalline models
Duchene, Laurent ULg; de Montleau, P.; Bouvier, S. et al

in Gosh, Somnath; Castro, Jose M.; Lee, June K. (Eds.) Materials Processing and Design: Modeling, Simulation and Applications (NUMIFORM 2004) (2004)

The goal of this research is to study the anisotropic material behavior during forming processes, represented by both complex yield loci and kinematic-isotropic hardening models. A first part of this ... [more ▼]

The goal of this research is to study the anisotropic material behavior during forming processes, represented by both complex yield loci and kinematic-isotropic hardening models. A first part of this paper describes the main concepts of the ‘Stress-strain interpolation’ model that has been implemented in the non-linear finite element code Lagamine. This model consists of a local description of the yield locus based on the texture of the material through the full constraints Taylor’s model. The texture evolution due to plastic deformations is computed throughout the FEM simulations. This ‘local yield locus’ approach was initially linked to the classical isotropic Swift hardening law. Recently, a more complex hardening model was implemented: the physically-based microstructural model of Teodosiu. It takes into account intergranular heterogeneity due to the evolution of dislocation structures, that affects isotropic and kinematic hardening. The influence of the hardening model is compared to the influence of the texture evolution thanks to deep drawing simulations. [less ▲]

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See detailDeep dysphasia : Further evidence on the relationship between phonological short-term memory and language processing impairments
Majerus, Steve ULg; Lekeu, Françoise ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg et al

in Cognitive Neuropsychology (2001), 18(5), 385-410

We report a cognitive investigation of a case of deep dysphasia appearing in the context of primary progressive aphasia. Over a period of 5 years, patient CO presented progressive difficulties in word ... [more ▼]

We report a cognitive investigation of a case of deep dysphasia appearing in the context of primary progressive aphasia. Over a period of 5 years, patient CO presented progressive difficulties in word finding and in oral comprehension, while nonverbal cognitive functions remained preserved. As in other deep dysphasic patients, CO's repetition performance showed marked imageability and lexicality effects, and semantic paraphasias. The same effects were observed in writing-to-dictation. Regularisation errors occurred in word reading. CO's short-term memory span was less than two words. A cognitive analysis of language processing revealed difficulties in phoneme identification and rhyme judgement, in detecting grammatical class for orally presented words, and in oral and written naming. The interpretation of CO's deep dysphasic symptoms within interactive models of language processing confirmed the importance of a phonological short-term storage impairment as an explanatory factor of deep dysphasia. [less ▲]

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See detailDeep freezing of cattle embryos in glass ampules or French straws.
Massip, A.; Van der Zwalmen, P.; Ectors, F. et al

in Theriogenology (1979), 12(2), 79-84

Ninety four cow embryos recovered on day 7-8 after onset of oestrus were frozen by the "Two Step" freezing procedure: 49 in pyrex glass ampules and 45 in .25 ml French semen straws. The overall survival ... [more ▼]

Ninety four cow embryos recovered on day 7-8 after onset of oestrus were frozen by the "Two Step" freezing procedure: 49 in pyrex glass ampules and 45 in .25 ml French semen straws. The overall survival rate was 33.7% (36.2% for embryos frozen in glass ampules; 31.1% for embryos frozen in plastic straws). 45.2% of transferred embryos resulted in pregnancies (35.7% after freezing in glass ampules v.s 52.9% after freezing in plastic straws). [less ▲]

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See detailThe Deep Image and Beyond
Delville, Michel ULg

Scientific conference (1999, April 22)

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See detailThe Deep Image
Delville, Michel ULg

in Gray, Jeffrey (Ed.) The Greenwood Encyclopedia of American Poetry (2006)

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