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See detailDiscovery of a new quadruply imaged quasar surrounded by an Einstein ring
Sluse, Dominique; Surdej, Jean ULg; Hutsemekers, Damien ULg et al

Conference (2003)

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See detailDiscovery of a quadruply lensed quasar - The 'clover leaf' H1413 + 117
Magain, Pierre ULg; Surdej, Jean ULg; Swings, J.-P. et al

in Nature (1988), 334

The authors report the discovery of a second gravitational lens system in the broad absorption line quasar H1413+117. Four images of comparable brightness are seen, separated by â ¡1 arcsec. The unique ... [more ▼]

The authors report the discovery of a second gravitational lens system in the broad absorption line quasar H1413+117. Four images of comparable brightness are seen, separated by â ¡1 arcsec. The unique configuration of the images, together with the fairly rare occurrence of this type of quasar, makes it incontrovertible that this is a lensed system, not a cluster of quasars. (See also 159.062). [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of a ring around Neptune
Haefner, R.; Manfroid, Jean ULg

Article for general public (1985)

The history of the discovery of Neptune and of the rings of Uranus is briefly reviewed, and the discovery of a ring around Neptune is described. The determination of some ring parameters is reported ... [more ▼]

The history of the discovery of Neptune and of the rings of Uranus is briefly reviewed, and the discovery of a ring around Neptune is described. The determination of some ring parameters is reported. Significant questions posed by the observations, e.g., why detections did not always occur when the ring zone passed in front of a star, are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of English Grain Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Biotypes in China
Xu, Zhao-Huan; Chen, Julian; Cheng, Deng-Fa et al

in Journal of Economic Entomology (2011), 104(3), 1080-1086

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See detailDiscovery of Magnetic Fields in Slowly Pulsating B Stars
Hubrig, S.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Schöller, M. et al

in Active OB-Stars: Laboratories for Stellar and Circumstellar Physics, ASP Conference Series, Vol. 361, Proceedings of the conference held 29 August - 2 September, 2005 at Hokkai-Gakuen University, Sapporo, Japan. (2007, March 01)

We present the first observations and conclusions of a magnetic survey with FORS 1 at the VLT of a sample of 25 Slowly Pulsating B stars. A clear mean longitudinal magnetic field of the order of a few ... [more ▼]

We present the first observations and conclusions of a magnetic survey with FORS 1 at the VLT of a sample of 25 Slowly Pulsating B stars. A clear mean longitudinal magnetic field of the order of a few hundred Gauss was detected in eleven SPBs. Among them several SPBs show a magnetic field that varies in time. It becomes clear that SPBs cannot be regarded anymore as non-magnetic stars. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of magnetic fields in the βCephei star ξ1 CMa and in several slowly pulsating B stars*
Hubrig, S.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Schöller, M. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2006), 369

We present the results of a magnetic survey of a sample of eight βCephei stars and 26 slowly pulsating B (SPBs) stars with the FOcal Reducer low dispersion Spectrograph at the Very Large Telescope. A weak ... [more ▼]

We present the results of a magnetic survey of a sample of eight βCephei stars and 26 slowly pulsating B (SPBs) stars with the FOcal Reducer low dispersion Spectrograph at the Very Large Telescope. A weak mean longitudinal magnetic field of the order of a few hundred Gauss is detected in the βCephei star ξ[SUP]1[/SUP]CMa and in 13 SPB stars. The star ξ[SUP]1[/SUP]CMa becomes the third magnetic star among the βCephei stars. Before our study, the star ζCas was the only known magnetic SPB star. All magnetic SPB stars for which we gathered several magnetic field measurements show a field that varies in time. We do not find a relation between the evolution of the magnetic field with stellar age in our small sample. Our observations imply that βCephei and SPB stars can no longer be considered as classes of non-magnetic pulsators, but the effect of the fields on the oscillation properties remains to be studied. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of magnetic fields in three He variable Bp stars with He and Si spots
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Hubrig, S.; Schöller, M. et al

in Astronomische Nachrichten (2007), 328

It is essential for the understanding of stellar structure models of high mass stars to explain why constant stars, non-pulsating chemically peculiar hot Bp stars and pulsating stars co-exist in the ... [more ▼]

It is essential for the understanding of stellar structure models of high mass stars to explain why constant stars, non-pulsating chemically peculiar hot Bp stars and pulsating stars co-exist in the slowly pulsating B stars and β Cephei instability strips. We have conducted a search for magnetic fields in the four Bp stars HD 55522, HD 105382, HD 131120, and HD 138769 which previously have been wrongly identified as slowly pulsating B stars. A recent study of these stars using the Doppler Imaging technique revealed that the elements He and Si are inhomogeneously distributed on the stellar surface, causing the periodic variability. Using FORS 1 in spectropolarimetric mode at the VLT, we have acquired circular polarisation spectra to test the presence of a magnetic field in these stars. A variable magnetic field is clearly detected in HD 55522 and HD 105382, but no evidence for the existence of a magnetic field was found in HD 131120. The presence of a magnetic field in HD 138769 is suggested by one measurement at 3 σ level. We discuss the occurrence of magnetic B stars among the confirmed pulsating B stars and find strong magnetic fields of order kG and oscillations to be mutually exclusive. Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory, Paranal, Chile (ESO programmes 71.D-0308(A), 072.D-0377(A), and 073.D-0466(A)). [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of Neptune's ring at La Silla
Haefner, R.; Manfroid, Jean ULg; Bouchet, P.

in The Messenger (1985), 42

The unexpected rediscovery of the Uranian rings in 1977 and the discovery of the faint Jovian rings in 1979 led to an intensified search for rings around Neptune. A description is given of observing ... [more ▼]

The unexpected rediscovery of the Uranian rings in 1977 and the discovery of the faint Jovian rings in 1979 led to an intensified search for rings around Neptune. A description is given of observing programs at the European Southern Observatory (ESO) in Chile, which led to a discovery of such a ring, taking into account the utilization of the ESO 0.5 m and 1 m telescopes. The discovery is based on observations made on the night of July 22, 1984, in connection with a stellar occultation by the planet. Explanations for the observed differences in shape and timing of the occultation event, as recorded by both telescopes, are discussed. The obtained conclusions could be confirmed by a study of the results of a group of American astronomers working at the Cerro Tololo observatory. The observations strongly favor the existence of, at least, a part of a ring which has a width of roughly 10-15 km over a length of at least 100 km. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of New Inhibitors of Resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae Penicillin Binding Protein (PBP) 2x by Structure-Based Virtual Screening.
Miguet, Laurence; Zervosen, Astrid ULg; Gerards, Thomas ULg et al

in Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (2009)

Penicillin binding proteins (PBPs) are involved in the biosynthesis of the peptidoglycan layer constitutive of the bacterial envelope. They have been targeted for more than half a century by extensively ... [more ▼]

Penicillin binding proteins (PBPs) are involved in the biosynthesis of the peptidoglycan layer constitutive of the bacterial envelope. They have been targeted for more than half a century by extensively derived molecular scaffolds of penicillins and cephalosporins. Streptococcus pneumoniae resists the antibiotic pressure by inducing highly mutated PBPs that can no longer bind the beta-lactam containing agents. To find inhibitors of PBP2x from Streptococcus pneumoniae (spPBP2x) with novel chemical scaffold so as to circumvent the resistance problems, a hierarchical virtual screening procedure was performed on the NCI database containing approximately 260000 compounds. The calculations involved ligand-based pharmacophore mapping studies and molecular docking simulations in a homology model of spPBP2x from the highly resistant strain 5204. A total of 160 hits were found, and 55 were available for experimental tests. Three compounds harboring two novel chemical scaffolds were identified as inhibitors of the resistant strain 5204-spPBP2x at the micromolar range. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of new rheumatoid arthritis biomarkers using SELDI-TOF-MS ProteinChip approach
de Seny, D. M.; Fillet, Marianne ULg; Meuwis, Marie-Alice ULg et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2004, September), 50(9, Suppl. S), 124

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See detailDiscovery of new rheumatoid arthritis biomarkers using the surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry ProteinChip approach.
De Seny, Dominique ULg; Fillet, Marianne ULg; Meuwis, Marie-Alice ULg et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2005), 52(12), 3801-12

OBJECTIVE: To identify serum protein biomarkers specific for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), using surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS) technology ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To identify serum protein biomarkers specific for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), using surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS) technology. METHODS: A total of 103 serum samples from patients and healthy controls were analyzed. Thirty-four of the patients had a diagnosis of RA, based on the American College of Rheumatology criteria. The inflammation control group comprised 20 patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA), 9 with asthma, and 10 with Crohn's disease. The noninflammation control group comprised 14 patients with knee osteoarthritis and 16 healthy control subjects. Serum protein profiles were obtained by SELDI-TOF-MS and compared in order to identify new biomarkers specific for RA. Data were analyzed by a machine learning algorithm called decision tree boosting, according to different preprocessing steps. RESULTS: The most discriminative mass/charge (m/z) values serving as potential biomarkers for RA were identified on arrays for both patients with RA versus controls and patients with RA versus patients with PsA. From among several candidates, the following peaks were highlighted: m/z values of 2,924 (RA versus controls on H4 arrays), 10,832 and 11,632 (RA versus controls on CM10 arrays), 4,824 (RA versus PsA on H4 arrays), and 4,666 (RA versus PsA on CM10 arrays). Positive results of proteomic analysis were associated with positive results of the anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide test. Our observations suggested that the 10,832 peak could represent myeloid-related protein 8. CONCLUSION: SELDI-TOF-MS technology allows rapid analysis of many serum samples, and use of decision tree boosting analysis as the main statistical method allowed us to propose a pattern of protein peaks specific for RA. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of non-biodegradable fossil cellulose.
Lechien, V.; Rodriguez, Ch.; Grandjean, Jean ULg et al

Poster (2004, December 17)

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See detailDiscovery of novel lipophilic inhibitors of OXA-10 enzyme (class D beta-lactamase) by screening amino analogs and homologs of citrate and isocitrate.
Beck, Joséphine; Vercheval, Lionel ULg; Bebrone, Carine ULg et al

in Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters (2009), 19

Aminocitrate (and homolog) derivatives have been prepared by bis-alkylation of glycinate Schiff bases with bromoacetates (and ethyl acrylate), followed by N-acylation and esters (partial or complete ... [more ▼]

Aminocitrate (and homolog) derivatives have been prepared by bis-alkylation of glycinate Schiff bases with bromoacetates (and ethyl acrylate), followed by N-acylation and esters (partial or complete) deprotection. Aminoisocitrate was similarly obtained by mono-alkylation with diethyl fumarate. Evaluation against representative beta-lactamases revealed that the free acid derivatives are modest inhibitors of class A enzymes, whilst their benzyl esters showed a good inhibition of OXA-10 (class D enzyme). A docking experiment featured hydrophobic interactions in the active site. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of pulsed polar flares in the Jovian aurorae
Bonfond, Bertrand ULg; Vogt, M~F; Grodent, Denis ULg et al

Poster (2010, December)

The most active part of the aurora at Jupiter is certainly the polar region, i.e. the emissions located poleward of the main auroral oval. This region is known to occasionally show localized but dramatic ... [more ▼]

The most active part of the aurora at Jupiter is certainly the polar region, i.e. the emissions located poleward of the main auroral oval. This region is known to occasionally show localized but dramatic enhancements of its brightness, referred to as polar flares. These emissions have been associated with the polar cusp, based on their location in the polar cap. In summer 2009, right after the refurbishment of the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph camera, the Hubble Space Telescope acquired the longest high-time resolution sequence ever of images of the Jovian aurora. We report the first observations of a quasi-periodicity in the occurrence of these flares, with a timescale of ~2-3 minutes. By using a magnetic flux mapping model, we show that these features originate from a region located at a radial distance ranging from 80 to 100 Jovian radii and local times between 10:00 and 15:00. As a consequence, by analogy with similar behaviors observed in the Earth aurora, we suggest that these emissions could be attributed to pulsed reconnections in the dayside magnetopause. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of soft X-ray emission from Io, Europa, and the Io Plasma Torus
Elsner, Ronald F.; Gladstone, G. Randall; Waite, J. Hunter et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2002), 572(2), 1077-1082

We report the discovery of soft (0.25-2 keV) X-ray emission from the Galilean satellites Io and Europa, probably Ganymede, and from the Io Plasma Torus (IPT). Bombardment by energetic (greater than 10 keV ... [more ▼]

We report the discovery of soft (0.25-2 keV) X-ray emission from the Galilean satellites Io and Europa, probably Ganymede, and from the Io Plasma Torus (IPT). Bombardment by energetic (greater than 10 keV) H, O, and S ions from the region of the IPT seems to be the likely source of the X-ray emission from the Galilean satellites. According to our estimates, fluorescent X-ray emission excited by solar X-rays, even during flares from the active Sun, charge-exchange processes, previously invoked to explain Jupiter's X-ray aurora and cometary X-ray emission, and ion stripping by dust grains fail to account for the observed emission. On the other hand, bremsstrahlung emission of soft X-rays from nonthermal electrons in the few hundred to few thousand eV range may account for a substantial fraction of the observed X-ray flux from the IPT. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of the first eclipsing binary barium star
Jorissen, A.; Manfroid, Jean ULg; Sterken, C.

in The Messenger (1991), 66

Photometric monitoring of barium stars is discussed with particular attention given to the first eclipsing binary barium star, HD 46407. The spectroscopic ephemeris of HD 46407 was used to predict the ... [more ▼]

Photometric monitoring of barium stars is discussed with particular attention given to the first eclipsing binary barium star, HD 46407. The spectroscopic ephemeris of HD 46407 was used to predict the times of a possible eclipse of the companion by the barium star. It is concluded that the light curve of HD 46407 derived from the photometric observations in the D50 system displays a sharp 'primary' eclipse (companion behind the barium star) and a possible shallow 'secondary' eclipse. The primary eclipse occurred in November 1988 and had a depth of about 0.02 mag. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of WASP-65b and WASP-75b: Two Hot Jupiters Without Highly Inflated Radii
Gómez Maqueo Chew, Y.; Faedi, F.; Pollacco, D. et al

E-print/Working paper (2013)

We report the discovery of two transiting hot Jupiters, WASP-65b (M_pl = 1.55 +/- 0.16 M_J; R_pl = 1.11 +/- 0.06 R_J), and WASP-75b (M_pl = 1.07 +/- 0.05 M_J; R_pl = 1.27 +/- 0.05 R_J). They orbit their ... [more ▼]

We report the discovery of two transiting hot Jupiters, WASP-65b (M_pl = 1.55 +/- 0.16 M_J; R_pl = 1.11 +/- 0.06 R_J), and WASP-75b (M_pl = 1.07 +/- 0.05 M_J; R_pl = 1.27 +/- 0.05 R_J). They orbit their host star every 2.311, and 2.484 days, respectively. The planet host WASP-65 is a G6 star (T_eff = 5600 K, [Fe/H] = -0.07 +/- 0.07, age > 8 Gyr); WASP-75 is an F9 star (T_eff = 6100 K, [Fe/H] = 0.07 +/- 0.09, age of 3 Gyr). WASP-65b is one of the densest known exoplanets in the mass range 0.1 and 2.0 M_J (rho_pl = 1.13 +/- 0.08 rho_J), a mass range where a large fraction of planets are found to be inflated with respect to theoretical planet models. WASP-65b is one of only a handful of planets with masses of around 1.5 M_J, a mass regime surprisingly underrepresented among the currently known hot Jupiters. The radius of Jupiter-mass WASP-75b is slightly inflated (< 10%) as compared to theoretical planet models with no core, and has a density similar to that of Saturn (rho_pl = 0.52 +/- 0.06 rho_J). [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of X-Ray Emission from Young Suns in the Small Magellanic Cloud
Oskinova, L. M.; Sun, W.; Evans, C. J. et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2013), 765

We report the discovery of extended X-ray emission within the young star cluster NGC 602a in the Wing of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) based on observations obtained with the Chandra X-Ray Observatory ... [more ▼]

We report the discovery of extended X-ray emission within the young star cluster NGC 602a in the Wing of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) based on observations obtained with the Chandra X-Ray Observatory. X-ray emission is detected from the cluster core area with the highest stellar density and from a dusty ridge surrounding the H II region. We use a census of massive stars in the cluster to demonstrate that a cluster wind or wind-blown bubble is unlikely to provide a significant contribution to the X-ray emission detected from the central area of the cluster. We therefore suggest that X-ray emission at the cluster core originates from an ensemble of low- and solar-mass pre-main-sequence (PMS) stars, each of which would be too weak in X-rays to be detected individually. We attribute the X-ray emission from the dusty ridge to the embedded tight cluster of the newborn stars known in this area from infrared studies. Assuming that the levels of X-ray activity in young stars in the low-metallicity environment of NGC 602a are comparable to their Galactic counterparts, then the detected spatial distribution, spectral properties, and level of X-ray emission are largely consistent with those expected from low- and solar-mass PMS stars and young stellar objects (YSOs). This is the first discovery of X-ray emission attributable to PMS stars and YSOs in the SMC, which suggests that the accretion and dynamo processes in young, low-mass objects in the SMC resemble those in the Galaxy. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of X-ray pulsations from a massive star
Oskinova, Lidia M.; Nazé, Yaël ULg; Todt, Helge et al

in Nature Communications (2014), 5

X-ray emission from stars much more massive than the Sun was discovered only 35 years ago. Such stars drive fast stellar winds where shocks can develop, and it is commonly assumed that the X-rays emerge ... [more ▼]

X-ray emission from stars much more massive than the Sun was discovered only 35 years ago. Such stars drive fast stellar winds where shocks can develop, and it is commonly assumed that the X-rays emerge from the shock-heated plasma. Many massive stars additionally pulsate. However, hitherto it was neither theoretically predicted nor observed that these pulsations would affect their X-ray emission. All X-ray pulsars known so far are associated with degenerate objects, either neutron stars or white dwarfs. Here we report the discovery of pulsating X-rays from a non-degenerate object, the massive B-type star ξ[SUP]1[/SUP] CMa. This star is a variable of β Cep-type and has a strong magnetic field. Our observations with the X-ray Multi-Mirror (XMM-Newton) telescope reveal X-ray pulsations with the same period as the fundamental stellar oscillations. This discovery challenges our understanding of stellar winds from massive stars, their X-ray emission and their magnetism. [less ▲]

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