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Peer Reviewed
See detailDesign of biocompatible and responsive hydrogels and nanogels made from poly(2-oxazoline)s
Legros, Camille ULg; De Pauw-Gillet, Marie-Claire ULg; tam, Michael et al

Conference (2014, August 12)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (5 ULg)
See detailDesign of biodegradable microspheres for chemoembolization
Grandfils, Christian ULg; Flandroy, P; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

Conference (1992, April 01)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
See detailDesign of composite joints for buildings (rédaction du Chapitre 9 et de l'annexe 5)
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Design of composite joints for buildings (1999)

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See detailDesign of composite sway building frames for global instability
Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; Maquoi, René ULg

in Journal of Engineering Mechanics (2005), 131(6), 641-653

Eurocode 4 is the European design code for composite construction; in its so-called ENV version, the scope is limited to "nonsway buildings" with efficient bracing systems. Therefore, it gives mainly ... [more ▼]

Eurocode 4 is the European design code for composite construction; in its so-called ENV version, the scope is limited to "nonsway buildings" with efficient bracing systems. Therefore, it gives mainly rules to analyze and to check structural elements like beams, columns, slabs, and joints. However, in the last years, the construction of taller buildings and larger industrial halls without wind bracing systems is susceptible to make global instability a relevant failure mode, which is not covered by Eurocode 4. For 3 years, in the framework of a European research project funded by the European Community for Steel and Coal, in which the Univ. of Liege was deeply involved, intensive experimental, numerical, and theoretical investigations have been carried out. The latter aimed at improving the knowledge in the field of sway composite frames and at developing appropriate design rules. The rotational behavior of the beam-to-column composite joints is one of the key aspects of the problem to which special attention has been paid. This paper presents the numerical and analytical studies carried out at Liege Univ., as part of above European project, with the objective to investigate the behavior of sway composite structures under static loading. Particular phenomena put into sight through different analyses are illustrated herein. The actual response of the beam-to-column composite joints may be easily integrated into the described design and analysis procedures; this specific aspect is therefore not addressed in the paper. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of concrete columns based on EC2 tabulated data – A critical review
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in Franssen, Jean-Marc (Ed.) Proc. 1rst int. Structures in Fire workshop (2000, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 120 (3 ULg)
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See detailDesign of concrete columns based on EC2 tabulated date - A critical review
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in Proceedings of the 1st International Structures in Fire workshop (2000)

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See detailDesign of connections in steel and composite structures
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in ECCS Eurocode Design Manuals (2010)

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See detailDesign of cross-linked semicrystalline poly(ε-caprolactone)-based networks with one-way and two-way shape-memory properties through Diels–Alder
Raquez, Jean-Marie; Vanderstappen, Sophie; Meyer, Franck et al

in Chemistry : A European Journal (2011), 17(36), 10135-10143

Cross-linked poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL)-based polyesterurethane (PUR) systems have been synthesized through Diels–Alder reactions by reactive extrusion. The Diels–Alder and retro-Diels–Alder reactions ... [more ▼]

Cross-linked poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL)-based polyesterurethane (PUR) systems have been synthesized through Diels–Alder reactions by reactive extrusion. The Diels–Alder and retro-Diels–Alder reactions proved to be useful for enhancing the molecular motion of PCL-based systems, and therefore their crystallization ability, in the design of cross-linked semicrystalline polymers with one-way and two-way shape-memory properties. Successive reactions between alpha,omega-diol PCL (PCL2), furfuryl alcohol, and methylene diphenyl 4,4′-diisocyanate straightforwardly afforded the alpha,omega-furfuryl PCL-based PUR systems, and subsequent Diels–Alder reactions with N,N-phenylenedimaleimide afforded the thermoreversible cycloadducts. The cross-linking density could be modulated by partially replacing PCL-diol with PCL-tetraol. Interestingly, the resulting PUR systems proved to be semicrystalline cross-linked polymers, the melting temperature of which (close to 45 °C) represented the switching temperature for their shape-memory properties. Qualitative and quantitative measurements demonstrated that these PUR systems exhibited one-way and two-way shape-memory properties depending on their cross-linking density. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Design of Cylindrical Orthotropic Plates and Shells
Rigo, Philippe ULg

in IASS Congress, Numerical Methods, Vol. 5 (1989, September)

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See detailDesign of DNA minor groove binding diamidines that recognize GC base pair sequences: a dimeric-hinge interaction motif.
Munde, Manoj; Ismail, Mohamed A; Arafa, Reem et al

in Journal of the American Chemical Society (2007), 129(44), 13732-43

The classical model of DNA minor groove binding compounds is that they should have a crescent shape that closely fits the helical twist of the groove. Several compounds with relatively linear shape and ... [more ▼]

The classical model of DNA minor groove binding compounds is that they should have a crescent shape that closely fits the helical twist of the groove. Several compounds with relatively linear shape and large dihedral twist, however, have been found recently to bind strongly to the minor groove. These observations raise the question of how far the curvature requirement could be relaxed. As an initial step in experimental analysis of this question, a linear triphenyl diamidine, DB1111, and a series of nitrogen tricyclic analogues were prepared. The goal with the heterocycles is to design GC binding selectivity into heterocyclic compounds that can get into cells and exert biological effects. The compounds have a zero radius of curvature from amidine carbon to amidine carbon but a significant dihedral twist across the tricyclic and amidine-ring junctions. They would not be expected to bind well to the DNA minor groove by shape-matching criteria. Detailed DNase I footprinting studies of the sequence specificity of this set of diamidines indicated that a pyrimidine heterocyclic derivative, DB1242, binds specifically to a GC-rich sequence, -GCTCG-. It binds to the GC sequence more strongly than to the usual AT recognition sequences for curved minor groove agents. Other similar derivatives did not exhibit the GC specificity. Biosensor-surface plasmon resonance and isothermal titration calorimetry experiments indicate that DB1242 binds to the GC sequence as a highly cooperative stacked dimer. Circular dichroism results indicate that the compound binds in the minor groove. Molecular modeling studies support a minor groove complex and provide an inter-compound and compound-DNA hydrogen-bonding rational for the unusual GC binding specificity and the requirement for a pyrimidine heterocycle. This compound represents a new direction in the development of DNA sequence-specific agents, and it is the first non-polyamide, synthetic compound to specifically recognize a DNA sequence with a majority of GC base pairs. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of electrical conductive composites : key role of the morphology on the electrical properties of carbon black filled polymer blends
Gubbels, Frédéric; Blacher, Silvia ULg; Vanlathem, E. et al

in Macromolecules (1995), 28(5), 1559-1566

Effect of carbon black (CB) on the morphology of filled polyethylene (PE)/polystyrene (PS) blends has been investigated by image analysis of optical micrographs (2-D analysis) and by the selective ... [more ▼]

Effect of carbon black (CB) on the morphology of filled polyethylene (PE)/polystyrene (PS) blends has been investigated by image analysis of optical micrographs (2-D analysis) and by the selective extraction of one phase of the binary blends (3-D analysis). The macroscopic electrical resistivity of the filled polyblends strongly depends on the selective localization of CB in one phase or at the interface and above all on the double percolation, i.e. percolation of the polymer phases and percolation of the CB particles. The selective localization of CB in the PE phase has remarkable effects on the polyblend phase morphology. The phase cocontinuity is indeed extended over a much larger composition range, and the phase morphology is stabilized toward post-thermal treatment at 200 degrees C. In the case of double percolation and selective localization of CB at the polyblend interface, electrical conductivity is observed at a CB content as low as 0.4 wt %. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of FIR Filters by Genetic Algorithms through Bit-Level Manipulation of their Coefficients
Gary, Renaud; Andries, A.; Verly, Jacques ULg

Conference (2002, March)

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See detailDesign of growth-dependent biosensors based on destabilized GFP for the detection of physiological behavior of Escherichia coli in heterogeneous bioreactors
Han, Shanshan; Delvigne, Frank ULg; Brognaux, Alison ULg et al

in Biotechnology Progress (2013), 29(2), 553-563

In this work we present the design and characterization of GFP-based reporter systems designed in order to describe cellular activity in ‘complex’, heterogeneous bioreactors. The reporter systems consist ... [more ▼]

In this work we present the design and characterization of GFP-based reporter systems designed in order to describe cellular activity in ‘complex’, heterogeneous bioreactors. The reporter systems consist of Escherichia coli strains carrying growth dependent promoters fused to genes expressing stable and unstable variants of GFP, respectively. The response of Escherichia coli cells to transient exposure to glucose was studied in a two-compartment scale down bioreactor (SDR) consisting of a stirred tank reactor (STR) connected to plug-flow reactor (PFR). Such a SDR system is employed to mimic the situation that often encountered in large-scale, fed-batch bioreactors. The response of E. coli coli to oxygen-poor and glucose-rich regions was simulated by continuously pumping E. coli cells from STR to the PFR. A concentrated glucose pulse (400 g/L) was consecutively added at the entrance of the PFR and samples were taken from PFR. The GFP expressions were significantly marked after 10 hours of culture in STR (control reactor) and SDR, whereas, growth rates were rather similar. Additional experiments in chemostat (D=0.14 h-1) with programmed glucose perturbation (30 g/L, frequency: 100/900 s) suggested that the activities of the promoter are linked with the substrate limitation signal. Taken together with immunoblot analysis, we suppose protein leakage is responsible for the overexpression of fis and the related promoters, such as rrnB in this case study, but additional works are required in order to confirm this relationship. Our finding are of great interest for industrial application since the GFP signal can be detected very early during the culture and is related to relevant physiological changes. This investigation is useful for a better understanding of the fast dynamic phenomena occurring in heterogeneous large-scale bioreactors. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (11 ULg)