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See detailContinuités et variations entre le Néolithique final et le Bronze ancien en moyenne vallée du Rhône. L’apport de l'occupation structurée et stratifiée de Savasse (Drôme)
Moreau, C.; Linton, Jimmy ULiege; Affolter, Jehanne

in Sénépart, I.; Léandri, F.; Cauliez, J. (Eds.) et al Chronologie de la Préhistoire récente dans le Sud de la France - Acquis 1992-2012 - Actualité de la recherche : Actes des 10e rencontres méridionales de Préhistoire récente (2014)

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See detailContinuities in Kamau Brathwaite's Latest Published Collection Eleggas
Pagnoulle, Christine ULiege

Conference (2013, August 05)

Continuity is a key word in Brathwaite’s work, especially after the ‘Rift Years’ of his first ‘Salt period’ at the end of the 1980s. Whatever the publishing format, even in interviews, Brathwaite’s ... [more ▼]

Continuity is a key word in Brathwaite’s work, especially after the ‘Rift Years’ of his first ‘Salt period’ at the end of the 1980s. Whatever the publishing format, even in interviews, Brathwaite’s writing can no longer be divided into verse and prose, poems and essays. It runs as one powerful and tumultuous river, including lyrical and reflexive moments, fluctuating between the syncopated rhythm of jazz and the halting flow of a breathless prose. Re-using former poems is part of an almost manic strategy of incorporation, which also includes mythological and literary references, and working on multiple meanings and on porte-manteau words. I propose to examine the versatility of forms in his latest collection, Eleg guas (Wesleyan UP, 2010). Bringing various elements together begins with the title of the collection, which consists of ten chapters, three of which are differently laid-out excerpts from his elegy to his first wife, The Zea Mexican Diary (1987). Other sections are re-cycled from earlier collections such as ‘Poem for Walter Rodney’ (from Third World Poems), ‘Stone’ (from Middle Passages), ‘Défilée’ and ‘Ark’ (from Born to Slow Horses). However, they are never reproduced as such, they have been slightly or radically changed, and tracing such changes will be part of my enquiry. The last chapter but one is dedicated to the sea, to Yemanjaa, to Sycorax, to a ‘simple woman’, who beyond the violence of the Middle Passage presides over a gentle reconciliation under the sign of love and seals, also in the combination of languages, another recurrent continuity in Brathwaite’s work, that between Africa and the Caribbean. [less ▲]

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See detailContinuity amid change in India’s political economy: from “socialist” to “neoliberal” India.
Maiorano, Diego ULiege

in Economic and Political Weekly (2014)

The aim of this paper is to show that the social coalition that benefited from India’s central government’s economic policies remained unchanged between the pre and post economic reforms periods. More ... [more ▼]

The aim of this paper is to show that the social coalition that benefited from India’s central government’s economic policies remained unchanged between the pre and post economic reforms periods. More specifically, this paper will argue that the economic policies promoted by the central government between 1980 and 2004 – irrespective of the political party heading the Cabinet – mostly benefited the middle class and the corporate sector, while the poor and the rural world were clearly relegated to a secondary position in the governments’ policy priorities. The paper will highlight six important lines of continuity in India’s economic policy and will argue that if we look at who the “winner” and the “losers” of these policy processes are, the economic reforms of the early 1990s do not separate two different phases of India’s development path. From this point of view the election of the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government in 2004 might constitute a more important break with the past. [less ▲]

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See detailCONTINUITY AND DISCONTINUITY IN HUNGARIAN LEGAL PHILOSOPHY
Paksy, Máté ULiege; Takacs, Peter

in Jakab, Andras; Takacs, Peter; Allan F., Tatham (Eds.) THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE HUNGARIAN LEGAL ORDER 1985–2005. Transition to the rule of law and accession to the European Union (2007)

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See detailContinuity preserving modified maximum cross-correlation technique
Zavialov, Peter O.; Grigorieva, Julia V.; Moller, Osmar O. et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research. Oceans (2002), 107(C10, SEP-OCT),

The maximum cross-correlation (MCC) method reconstructs the surface advective velocity fields from the displacements of spatial patterns in pairs of sequential satellite (normally infrared) images ... [more ▼]

The maximum cross-correlation (MCC) method reconstructs the surface advective velocity fields from the displacements of spatial patterns in pairs of sequential satellite (normally infrared) images. However, the performance of the conventional MCC method is not always satisfactory. One of the main reasons for this is the fact that the method can correctly estimate only the velocity component parallel to the gradient of the property depicted in the images, while any small displacement perpendicular to the gradient (i.e., directed along the isolines) essentially maps the spatial pattern onto itself and therefore can not be detected using the conventional MCC technique. In the present work we propose a modification of the MCC method that allows circumventing this basic deficiency and improving the performance of the MCC technique. In this approach, the "cross-isoline'' components of the velocity field are obtained as in the conventional MCC scheme; however, the "along-isoline'' components derived from the MCC are disregarded as unreliable. Instead, the "true'' along-isoline components are then reconstructed from the given cross-isoline velocity field based on the continuity requirement and on the condition of no normal flow at solid boundaries. This inverse problem is solved by constructing the two-dimensional stream function in the curvilinear coordinate frame associated with the image isolines. The method is illustrated using AVHRR images from the southwestern Atlantic Ocean and the Black Sea. The results are compared with some direct drifter and current meter measurements and geostrophic estimates. [less ▲]

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See detailContinuous and non-invasive study of brain oxygenation in the calf by near infrared spectroscopy
Pringle, John; Uystepruyst, C.; Art, Tatiana ULiege et al

in Research in Veterinary Science (1998), 65

Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) was used to detect changes in brain oxygenation in five tranquilised calves that were placed on a hypoxic gas mixture (10 per cent O2/90 per cent N2) and hyperoxic gas ... [more ▼]

Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) was used to detect changes in brain oxygenation in five tranquilised calves that were placed on a hypoxic gas mixture (10 per cent O2/90 per cent N2) and hyperoxic gas mixture (30 per cent O2/70 per cent N2) for five minutes at each concentration. A NIRO 500 (Hamamatsu, Japan) was used for the NIRS, with the incident light source and separate detector (optodes) placed on shaved skin on the most dorsal surface of the frontal bone. Sequential arterial blood gas sample analyses provided confirmation of the appropriate change in systemic oxygenation status. By the end of the five-minute-period of breathing 10 per cent oxygen, NIRS of the calf head detected highly significant changes in haemoglobin oxygenation reflective of hypoxaemia, with oxyhaemoglobin decreasing by 23.5 units (P<0.01) and deoxyhaemoglobin increasing by 45.6 units, (P<0.01) from the baseline of breathing room air. Total haemoglobin (oxyhaemoglobin + deoxyhaemoglobin) showed a significant increase of 22.1 units (P<0.05) but there was no significant change in NIRS determined cytochrome aa3 oxygenation. Concomitant blood gas alterations included significant decreases in PaO2 (-27.8 mmHg, P<0.01), haemoglobin saturation (-29.0 per cent, P<0.05), and PaCO2 (-7.8 mmHg, P<0.05) and significantly increased blood pH (0.059, P<0.05). At the end of the five minutes of breathing 30 per cent oxygen NIRS of the calf head detected significantly increased oxyhaemoglobin (13.1 units, P<0.01) and decreased deoxyhaemoglobin (-13.7 units, P<0.05) when compared with baseline breathing of room aim. Total haemoglobin and cytochrome aa3 were unchanged from baseline. The accompanying arterial blood gas changes included significant increases in PaO2 (30.9 mmHg, P<0.05), arterial O2 saturation (11.7 per cent, P<0.05), and significantly decreased pH (-0.026, P<0.05). This study showed that NIRS can be used to continuously and non-invasively detect cerebral oxygenation changes in the live calf in response to both increased and decreased systemic arterial oxygen. Additionally, despite induction of profound hypoxaemia, cytochrome aa3 in the brain did not appear to become reduced. [less ▲]

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See detailContinuous and rotational grazing management with dairy cows - Comparison at two stocking rates
Gielen, Marc ULiege; Limbourg, Pierre; Bienfait, Jean-Marie ULiege et al

in Proceedings of the 9th General Meeting of European Grassland Federation. Efficient Grassland Farming (1982)

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See detailContinuous aortic flow augmentation - A pilot study of hemodynamic and renal responses to a novel percutaneous intervention in decompensated heart failure
Konstam, M. A.; Czerska, B.; Bohm, M. et al

in Circulation (2005), 112(20), 3107-3114

Background - Diminished aortic flow may induce adverse downstream vascular and renal signals. Investigations in a heart failure animal model have shown that continuous aortic flow augmentation ( CAFA ... [more ▼]

Background - Diminished aortic flow may induce adverse downstream vascular and renal signals. Investigations in a heart failure animal model have shown that continuous aortic flow augmentation ( CAFA) achieves hemodynamic improvement and ventricular unloading, which suggests a novel therapeutic approach to patients with heart failure exacerbation that is inadequately responsive to medical therapy. Methods and Results - We studied 24 patients ( 12 in Europe and 12 in the United States) with heart failure exacerbation and persistent hemodynamic derangement despite intravenous diuretic and inotropic and/or vasodilator treatment. CAFA ( mean +/- SD 1.34 +/- 0.12 L/min) was achieved through percutaneous ( n = 19) or surgical ( n = 5) insertion of the Cancion system, which consists of inflow and outflow cannulas and a magnetically levitated and driven centrifugal pump. Hemodynamic improvement was observed within 1 hour. Systemic vascular resistance decreased from 1413 +/- 453 to 1136 +/- 381 dyne (.) s (.) cm(-5) at 72 hours ( P = 0.0008). Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure decreased from 28.5 +/- 4.9 to 19.8 +/- 7.0 mm Hg ( P < 0.0001), and cardiac index ( excluding augmented aortic flow) increased from 1.97 +/- 0.44 to 2.27 +/- 0.43 L (.) min(-1) (.) m(-2) ( P = 0.0013). Serum creatinine trended downward during treatment ( overall P = 0.095). There were 8 complications during treatment, 7 of which were self-limited. Hemodynamics remained improved 24 hours after CAFA discontinuation. Conclusions - In patients with heart failure and persistent hemodynamic derangement despite intravenous inotropic and/or vasodilator therapy, CAFA improved hemodynamics, with a reduction in serum creatinine. CAFA represents a promising, novel mode of treatment for patients who are inadequately responsive to medical therapy. The clinical impact of the observed hemodynamic improvement is currently being explored in a prospective, randomized, controlled trial. [less ▲]

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See detailContinuous cardiac output monitoring: Really continuous?
Lambermont, Bernard ULiege

in Critical Care Medicine (2007), 35(10), 2469-2470

Continuous cardiac output monitoring via arterial pressure waveform analysis following severe hemorrhagic shock in dogs.

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See detailContinuous Characterization of Growth Phase Using Ground Optical and Magnetic Data
Connors, M. G.; Lerner, R.; Fillingim, M. O. et al

Conference (2009, December 01)

The growth phase of substorms is characterized by equatorward motion of the auroral oval as manifested by optical emissions and the electrojet currents detected on the ground through magnetic ... [more ▼]

The growth phase of substorms is characterized by equatorward motion of the auroral oval as manifested by optical emissions and the electrojet currents detected on the ground through magnetic perturbations. We will demonstrate the use of an inversion procedure for magnetic data that follows the optical borders detected in the CANOPUS Churchill meridian well. Multispectral meridian scanning photometry allows identification of 486 nm H-beta emission with the equatorward edge of the evening sector growth phase electrojet, consistent with downward field-aligned current at this location. The 630 nm and 557 nm emissions due to the precipitation of electrons are identified with the more poleward regions or the poleward border, and upward field-aligned current. While these results are already known, the use of magnetic data is a new way of continuously monitoring growth phase. The identifications are supported by satellite imaging from Image and POLAR in individual cases. Despite separation of the proton and electron emissions as observed from the ground, our results are consistent with the polar cap boundary determined using proton imaging by SI12 on Image. We have also confirmed precipitation region and FAC coincidence using FAST, and corrected the electrojet position when FAST did not fly directly over the ground array, based on imaging from the high altitude satellites. [less ▲]

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See detailContinuous Departure Time of Day Preferences for Continental U.S. Airline Markets Segmented by Distance, Direction of Travel, Number of Time Zones, Day of Week and Itinerary Type
Lurkin, Virginie ULiege; Garrow, Laurie; Higgins, Matthew et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Airlines use itinerary choice models to allocate the total number of passengers in a city pair to specific itineraries. In a related paper, we estimated a multinomial logit (MNL) itinerary choice model ... [more ▼]

Airlines use itinerary choice models to allocate the total number of passengers in a city pair to specific itineraries. In a related paper, we estimated a multinomial logit (MNL) itinerary choice model using database of more than 3 million tickets for Continental U.S. markets provided by the Airlines Reporting Corporation that accounted for price endogeneity. The size and comprehensiveness of our database allowed us to estimate highly refined continuous departure time of day preference curves that account for distance, direction of travel, the number of time zones traversed, departure day of week and itinerary type (outbound, inbound or one-way). This paper and accompanying Excel spreadsheet located at http://garrowlab.ce.gatech.edu contain the results of all model coefficients (including the 1260 time of day parameters) and summarize results in a series of ten figures. These highly-refined time of day preference curves can be used by airlines, researchers, and government organizations in the evaluation of demand-management and other policies. [less ▲]

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See detailContinuous dynamical systems that realize discrete optimization on the hypercube
Absil, P.-A.; Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULiege

in Systems & Control Letters (2004), 52(3-4), 297-304

We study the problem of finding a local minimum of a multilinear function E over the discrete set {0, 1}(n). The search is achieved by a gradient-like system in [0, 1](n) with cost function E. Under mild ... [more ▼]

We study the problem of finding a local minimum of a multilinear function E over the discrete set {0, 1}(n). The search is achieved by a gradient-like system in [0, 1](n) with cost function E. Under mild restrictions on the metric, the stable attractors of the gradient-like system are shown to produce solutions of the problem, even when they are not in the vicinity of the discrete set {0, 1}(n). Moreover, the gradient-like system connects with interior point methods for linear programming and with the analog neural network studied by Vidyasagar (IEEE Trans. Automat. Control 40 (8) (1995) 1359), in the same context. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailContinuous Emission in the Spectra of Gaseous Nebulae.
Swings, Polydore ULiege; Struve, Otto

in Astrophysical Journal (1942), 96

The visual continua in the spectra of three nebulae photographed with a narrow slit are not produced by the blending of atomic emission lines but must have a physical origin. Several strong He I emission ... [more ▼]

The visual continua in the spectra of three nebulae photographed with a narrow slit are not produced by the blending of atomic emission lines but must have a physical origin. Several strong He I emission lines just beyond the Balmer limit may tend to vitiate measurements of the intensity distribution in the Balmer continuum on plates taken with a wide slit. [less ▲]

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See detailCONTINUOUS ENZYMATIC-SYNTHESIS OF 2'-DEOXYTHYMIDINE-5'(ALPHA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSYL)DIPHOSPHATE
Zervosen, Astrid ULiege; ELLING, Lothar; KULA, Maria-Regina

in Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English) (1994), 33(5), 571-572

The preparation of primary nucleotide sugars like dTDP-glucose with sucrose synthase, a glycosyl transferase in plants, provides an alternative in enzymatic synthesis to the use of highly specific ... [more ▼]

The preparation of primary nucleotide sugars like dTDP-glucose with sucrose synthase, a glycosyl transferase in plants, provides an alternative in enzymatic synthesis to the use of highly specific pyrophosphorylases. In an enzyme membrane reactor a continuous synthesis can be performed on preparative scale. [less ▲]

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See detailContinuous Fermentation : Improvement of cell immobilization by Zeta Potential measurement.
Michaux, M.; Paquot, Michel ULiege; Baijot, B. et al

Poster (1982, May)

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See detailA continuous fluid/solid transition model for semi-solid material modeling. Application to thixoforging.
Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULiege; Koeune, Roxane; Boman, Romain ULiege

in 33° SENAFOR (CD) (2013)

This paper deals with the simulation of two extrusion tests by thixoforming: a non stationary extrusion test and a double-cup extrusion test. The simulations are based on a thermo-mechanical one-phase ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with the simulation of two extrusion tests by thixoforming: a non stationary extrusion test and a double-cup extrusion test. The simulations are based on a thermo-mechanical one-phase constitutive law that has been presented in details in several previous papers. A campaign of experimental extrusion testing has been conducted on a steel alloy and the comparison between the numerical and experimental results will validate the model under study. A new feature that has been added to the model is also discussed: the introduction of the phase change thermal effects such as the fusion latent heat and the contraction of the material [less ▲]

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See detailContinuous formulation for bottom friction in free surface flows modelling
Machiels, Olivier ULiege; Erpicum, Sébastien ULiege; Archambeau, Pierre ULiege et al

in River Basin Management V (2009)

Bottom friction modelling is an important step in river flows computation with 1D or 2D solvers. It is usually performed using empirical laws established for uniform flow conditions or a modern approach ... [more ▼]

Bottom friction modelling is an important step in river flows computation with 1D or 2D solvers. It is usually performed using empirical laws established for uniform flow conditions or a modern approach based on turbulence analysis. Following the definition of the flow validity field of the main friction laws proposed in the literature, an original continuous formulation has been developed. It is suited to model river flows with a wide range of properties (water depth, discharge, roughness…). The efficiency of this new formulation, theoretically established and numerically adjusted, is demonstrated through various practical applications. [less ▲]

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See detailContinuous glucose control in the ICU: report of a 2013 round table meeting.
Wernerman, Jan; Desaive, Thomas ULiege; Finfer, Simon et al

in Critical care (London, England) (2014), 18(3), 226

Achieving adequate glucose control in critically ill patients is a complex but important part of optimal patient management. Until relatively recently, intermittent measurements of blood glucose have been ... [more ▼]

Achieving adequate glucose control in critically ill patients is a complex but important part of optimal patient management. Until relatively recently, intermittent measurements of blood glucose have been the only means of monitoring blood glucose levels. With growing interest in the possible beneficial effects of continuous over intermittent monitoring and the development of several continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) systems, a round table conference was convened to discuss and, where possible, reach consensus on the various aspects related to glucose monitoring and management using these systems. In this report, we discuss the advantages and limitations of the different types of devices available, the potential advantages of continuous over intermittent testing, the relative importance of trend and point accuracy, the standards necessary for reporting results in clinical trials and for recognition by official bodies, and the changes that may be needed in current glucose management protocols as a result of a move towards increased use of CGM. We close with a list of the research priorities in this field, which will be necessary if CGM is to become a routine part of daily practice in the management of critically ill patients. [less ▲]

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