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See detailConscientiser les individus au droit: la construction sociale de besoins et de demandes juridiques
Lejeune, Aude ULg

in Canadian Journal of Law and Society = Revue Canadienne de Droit et Société (2011), 26(3), 563-583

While numerous contemporary studies, in both social psychology and sociology of the law, have addressed legal socialization and legal consciousness on the part of individuals, little work has been done on ... [more ▼]

While numerous contemporary studies, in both social psychology and sociology of the law, have addressed legal socialization and legal consciousness on the part of individuals, little work has been done on the complex social construction of the need and demand for legal services. This is by no means a rhetorical question; it involves a number of competing definitions of the relationship between the legal profession and the public, and thus justifies the legal services currently offered. The author shows that policies relating to access to the law and the justice system in France today seek to focus on the user, which means that users must be able to characterize their situation in legal terms and apply to the courts. The process of raising individuals’ consciousness of the law is examined against the backdrop of increasing liberalization of social policies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 103 (13 ULg)
See detailConscious and Unconscious Reward Cues Can Affect a Critical Component of Executive Control: (Un)conscious updating?
Bustin, Gaëlle ULg; Capa, Rémi ULg; Cleermans, Axel et al

Poster (2011, July)

The present study investigates whether updating an important function of executive control can be driven by unconscious reward cues. Participants had to memorize several numbers and update those numbers ... [more ▼]

The present study investigates whether updating an important function of executive control can be driven by unconscious reward cues. Participants had to memorize several numbers and update those numbers independently according to a sequence of arithmetic operations. At the beginning of each trial, a reward (1 euro or 5 cents) was presented, either subliminally or supraliminally. Participants could earn the reward if they found the correct response on the updating task. Results showed better performance when a high (conscious or unconscious) reward was at stake compared to a low reward. This suggests that subliminal information can influence a component process of executive control traditionally thought to require consciousness. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (3 ULg)
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See detailConscious states, wakefulness, sleep, coma, the vegetative state, and hypnosis
Laureys, Steven ULg

in Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry (2004, June), 75(6), 945-946

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See detailConscious, Mental, Intentional
Seron, Denis ULg

Conference (2012, April 25)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (2 ULg)
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See detailConsciousness and cerebral baseline activity fluctuations
Boly, Mélanie ULg; Phillips, Christophe ULg; Balteau, Evelyne ULg et al

in Human Brain Mapping (2008), 29

The origin of within-subject variability in perceptual experiments is poorly understood. We here review evidence that baseline brain activity in the areas involved in sensory perception predict subsequent ... [more ▼]

The origin of within-subject variability in perceptual experiments is poorly understood. We here review evidence that baseline brain activity in the areas involved in sensory perception predict subsequent variations in sensory awareness. We place these findings in light of recent findings on the architecture of spontaneous BOLD fluctuations in the awake human brain, and discuss the possible origins of the observed baseline brain activity fluctuations. [less ▲]

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See detailConsciousness and disorders of consciousness
Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg

Scientific conference (2010)

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See detailConsciousness and responsiveness: Lessons from anaesthesia and the vegetative state
Boly, M; Sanders, RD; Mashour, GA et al

in Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology (2013), Vol 26

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this article is to review recent behavioural and neuroimaging studies in anaesthesia and the vegetative state. RECENT FINDINGS: These studies highlight possible dissociations ... [more ▼]

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this article is to review recent behavioural and neuroimaging studies in anaesthesia and the vegetative state. RECENT FINDINGS: These studies highlight possible dissociations between consciousness and responsiveness in both these states. SUMMARY: We discuss future avenues of research in the field, in order to improve the detection of awareness during anaesthesia and the vegetative state using neuroimaging and neurophysiologic techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailConsciousness and Unconsciousness: An EEG Perspective
Noirhomme, Quentin ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg

in Clinical EEG and Neuroscience (2014), 45

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (3 ULg)
See detailConsciousness in coma and related states
Chatelle, Camille ULg

Conference (2010)

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See detailConsciousness in coma patients.
Guldenmund, Justus Pieter ULg

Speech/Talk (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg)
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See detailConsciousness in the Locked-in Syndrome
Gosseries, Olivia ULg; Bruno, Marie-Aurélie ULg; Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg et al

in S. Laureys & G. Tononi (Ed.) The Neurology of Consciousness (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg)
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See detailConsciousness of memory functioning in Alzheimer’s disease
Jaspar, Mathieu ULg; Feyers, Dorothée ULg; Bastin, Christine ULg et al

Poster (2010, May 28)

Metamemory is a multi-faceted concept which deals with the individual’s knowledge and control of memory functioning. Previous studies that have examined the ability of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients to ... [more ▼]

Metamemory is a multi-faceted concept which deals with the individual’s knowledge and control of memory functioning. Previous studies that have examined the ability of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients to monitor efficiently their memory processes provided contradictory results. These discrepancies between studies could be the result of two factors: the kind of memory task used (episodic, semantic) and the kind of memory process on which memory monitoring is assessed (encoding, maintenance, retrieval). In the present study, different aspects of memory monitoring in 21 AD patients and 21 healthy elderly participants were explored with two tasks : a semantic memory task assessing the feeling-of-knowing (FOK) accuracy for general knowledge and an episodic memory task assessing judgment-of-learning (JOL) and FOK accuracy for information associated to a specific spatiotemporal encoding context By comparison to healthy participants, AD patients exhibit impaired performance on episodic FOK accuracy but not on semantic FOK accuracy. Moreover, no difference was observed between the two groups on the JOL post-encoding accuracy. These results confirm that not all aspects of memory monitoring are impaired in AD. Indeed, although there exists an impairment of episodic FOK performance, semantic FOK and JOL post-encoding appear preserved. The dissociation between the two FOK performance could be due to recruitment of more automatic processes for metacognitive judgment on general knowledge (semantic FOK) than for metacognitive judgment based on specific recent experience (episodic FOK). Similarly, a global prediction during maintenance (JOL) could be based on more automatic processes than an item-by-item judgment during retrieval. [less ▲]

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See detailConsciousness supporting networks
Demertzi, Athina ULg; Soddu, Andrea ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg

in Current Opinion in Neurobiology (2013), 23(2), 239-244

Functional neuroimaging shows that patients with disorders of consciousness exhibit disrupted system-level functional connectivity. Unresponsive/"vegetative state" patients preserve wakefulness networks ... [more ▼]

Functional neuroimaging shows that patients with disorders of consciousness exhibit disrupted system-level functional connectivity. Unresponsive/"vegetative state" patients preserve wakefulness networks of brainstem and basal forebrain but the cerebral networks accounting for external perceptual awareness and internal self-related mentation are disrupted. Specifically, the 'external awareness' network encompassing lateral fronto-temporo-parietal cortices bilaterally, and the 'internal awareness' network including midline anterior cingulate/mesiofrontal and posterior cingulate/precuneal cortices, are functionally disconnected. By contrast, patients in minimally conscious state 'minus', who show non-reflex behaviors, are characterized by right-lateralized recovery of the external awareness network. Similarly, patients who evolve to minimally conscious state 'plus' and respond to commands recover the dominant left-lateralized language network. Now, the use of active experimental paradigms targeting at detecting motor-independent signs of awareness or even establishing communication with these patients, challenge these two clinical boundaries. Such advances are naturally accompanied by legitimate neuroscientific and ethical queries demanding our attention on the medical implementations of this new knowledge. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (2 ULg)
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See detailConsciousness supporting networks
Demertzi, Athina ULg; Soddu, Andrea ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg

in Current Opinion in Neurobiology (2013), 23(2), 239244

Functional neuroimaging shows that patients with disorders of consciousness exhibit disrupted system-level functional connectivity. Unresponsive/’’vegetative state’’ patients preserve wakefulness networks ... [more ▼]

Functional neuroimaging shows that patients with disorders of consciousness exhibit disrupted system-level functional connectivity. Unresponsive/’’vegetative state’’ patients preserve wakefulness networks of brainstem and basal forebrain but the cerebral networks accounting for external perceptual awareness and internal self-related mentation are disrupted. Specifically, the ‘external awareness’ network encompassing lateral fronto-temporo-parietal cortices bilaterally, and the ‘internal awareness’ network including midline anterior cingulate/mesiofrontal and posterior cingulate/ precuneal cortices, are functionally disconnected. By contrast, patients in minimally conscious state ‘minus’, who show nonreflex behaviors, are characterized by right-lateralized recovery of the external awareness network. Similarly, patients who evolve to minimally conscious state ‘plus’ and respond to commands recover the dominant left-lateralized language network. Now, the use of active experimental paradigms targeting at detecting motor-independent signs of awareness or even establishing communication with these patients, challenge these two clinical boundaries. Such advances are naturally accompanied by legitimate neuroscientific and ethical queries demanding our attention on the medical implementations of this new knowledge. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (7 ULg)
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See detailLa consécration à l'envers. Quelques scénarios physiologiques (1840-1842)
Stienon, Valérie ULg

in COnTEXTES : Revue de Sociologie de la Littérature (2010), 7

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
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See detailLa Consécration de la Charte des Droits fondamentaux
Defossez, Alexandre ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (6 ULg)
See detailLa consécration de la Charte des droits fondamentaux
Defossez, Alexandre ULg

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (5 ULg)
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See detailLa consécration par la théorie
Provenzano, François ULg

in COnTEXTES : Revue de Sociologie de la Littérature (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULg)