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See detailD31-1254: Influence de l'âge et du poids d'abattage sur la qualité organoleptique du poulet de chair à croissance lente en Région wallonne (Rapport d'activités intermédiaire).
De Maeseneire, Coraline ULg; Beckers, Yves ULg; Thewis, André ULg

Report (2011)

Ces dernières années, la progression de la production avicole en Wallonie est, en grande partie, liée au développement de filières dites de qualité différenciée. En 2009, ce sont près de 2.000.000 de ... [more ▼]

Ces dernières années, la progression de la production avicole en Wallonie est, en grande partie, liée au développement de filières dites de qualité différenciée. En 2009, ce sont près de 2.000.000 de poulets qui ont été associés à ce type de production. Cependant, contrairement au poulet standard pour lesquels les pratiques sont très standardisées, les pratiques d’élevage en qualité différenciée peuvent varier, notamment la génétique, l’âge et le poids à l’abattage, le sexe de l’animal, l’accès à un parcours… Ces variations peuvent influencer l’homogénéité de la qualité organoleptique de la viande de poulet au sein d’une même filière ainsi que la perception (et la confiance) des consommateurs vis-à-vis de la viande des poulets qui en sont issus. L’objectif de ce projet est d’étudier et d’objectiver de manière scientifique la qualité organoleptique de la viande de poulet de chair au sein de trois filières avicoles de qualité différenciée afin de fournir aux détenteurs de ces filières des informations quant aux facteurs susceptibles de modifier la qualité organoleptique de leurs produits ainsi que la perception de ceux-ci par les consommateurs. [less ▲]

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See detailD31-1254: Influence de l'âge et du poids d'abattage sur la qualité organoleptique du poulet de chair à croissance lente en Région wallonne (Rapport final).
De Maeseneire, Coraline ULg; Beckers, Yves ULg; Thewis, André ULg

Report (2013)

Ces dernières années, la progression de la production avicole en Wallonie est, en grande partie, liée au développement de filières dites de qualité différenciée. En 2009, ce sont près de 2.000.000 de ... [more ▼]

Ces dernières années, la progression de la production avicole en Wallonie est, en grande partie, liée au développement de filières dites de qualité différenciée. En 2009, ce sont près de 2.000.000 de poulets qui ont été associés à ce type de production. Cependant, contrairement au poulet standard pour lesquels les pratiques sont très standardisées, les pratiques d’élevage en qualité différenciée peuvent varier, notamment la génétique, l’âge et le poids à l’abattage, le sexe de l’animal, l’accès à un parcours… Ces variations peuvent influencer l’homogénéité de la qualité organoleptique de la viande de poulet au sein d’une même filière ainsi que la perception (et la confiance) des consommateurs vis-à-vis de la viande des poulets qui en sont issus. L’objectif de ce projet est d’étudier et d’objectiver de manière scientifique la qualité organoleptique de la viande de poulet de chair au sein de trois filières avicoles de qualité différenciée afin de fournir aux détenteurs de ces filières des informations quant aux facteurs susceptibles de modifier la qualité organoleptique de leurs produits ainsi que la perception de ceux-ci par les consommateurs. [less ▲]

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See detailDa Alessandro ai Theoi Adelphoi. Fondazione e legittimazione della dinastia tolemaica, tra IV e III secolo a.C.
Caneva, Stefano ULg

Doctoral thesis (2011)

The research focuses on the first century of the Macedonian rule over Egypt in order to study how the Ptolemies had their power legitimated in Africa and in the broader Mediterranean context. Literary ... [more ▼]

The research focuses on the first century of the Macedonian rule over Egypt in order to study how the Ptolemies had their power legitimated in Africa and in the broader Mediterranean context. Literary sources (both prose and verse, in Greek and Egyptian language), inscriptions, papyri, and iconography are used to set an interdisciplinary approach to the topic. Major attention is paid to the social contexts where ideological motifs originate and spread; to the link between media, genres and consensus making; to the genealogy and development of specific legitimating themes and their later incorporation in learned traditions or local identities. Section I: From Alexander to the Ptolemies. Chapter I: Alexander in Egypt: focus is on the role of Siwah in the perspective of the Greek, Macedonian, and Egyptian legitimation of Alexander's power in Egypt; particular attention is paid to how legitimating traditions are used and reshaped to the purposes of broadening the limits of Macedonian kingship, depicting Alexander as a Greek hero, interpreting Egyptian kingship for Greeks and Macedonians and naturalizing Alexander as a Pharaoh. Chapter II: In the name of Alexander: how Ptolemy adapted to the hierarchy of proximity to the king to legitimate his power in Egypt and finally to establish a new dinasty; main topics are the use of Alexander's body in the historical context of the succession and in the local tradition of Alexandria; the historical events of the last decades of IV century are considered from the perspective of the development of legitimating themes, such as the political allegiance to Alexander, the right of conquest, the use of marriage diplomacy. Section II: The Political Use of Religious Festivals under Ptolemy II. Chapter III: Sources and Historical Problems concerning the Ptolemaia: sources on the Ptolemaia, Pentaeteris and Callixeinus' report in Athen. V are discussed to study dynastic festivals during Ptolemy II’s reing. Chapter IV: Anatomy of a Festival: The Grand Procession of Ptolemy II: focus is on the making of an historical and mythic legitimating past through the scenes in the procession. Section III: Patterns of Female Power: The Case of Arsinoe II Chapter V: Shaping Female Power: Arsinoe II as a Queen: Arsinoe II's career and political legacy are discussed to offer a gender-related evaluation of her role as a queen in both Greco-Macedonian and Egyptian traditions. Chapter VI: Female Ruler Cults. Arsinoe in Early Hellenistic Context: the analysis combines court poetry, iconography and documentary texts to study the cults for Arsinoe both as a member of the Theoi Adelphoi and as an individual goddess, the Philadelphos. Arsinoe's case is then discussed in the broader perspective of female ruler cults in early Hellenism. [less ▲]

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See detailDa Céline a Caproni: La versione italiana di «Mort à crédit»
Benzoni, Pietro ULg

Book published by Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, (2000)

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See detailDa Crono agli eroi. Ordine e disordine, violenza e homonoia nelle Argonautiche di Apollonio Rodio
Caneva, Stefano ULg

in Andò, Valeria; Cusumano, Nicola (Eds.) Come bestie? Forme e paradossi della violenza tra mondo antico e disagio contemporaneo (2010)

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See detail"Da denke ich spontan an 'Tafel'" – Zur Worterkennung in verwandten germanischen Sprachen
Möller, Robert ULg; Zeevaert, Ludger ULg

in Zeitschrift für Fremdsprachenforschung (2010), 21(2.2010), 217-248

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See detailDa Sbarbaro a Caproni. Storia e tracce di un attraversamento
Benzoni, Pietro ULg

Scientific conference (2011, May 10)

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See detailDabigatran Etexilate and Risk of Myocardial Infarction, Other Cardiovascular Events, Major Bleeding, and All-Cause Mortality: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
Douxfils, Jonathan; Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Mullier, Francois et al

in Journal of the American Heart Association (in press)

BACKGROUND: Signals of an increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) have been identified with dabigatran etexilate in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS AND RESULES: We conducted searches of ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Signals of an increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) have been identified with dabigatran etexilate in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS AND RESULES: We conducted searches of the published literature and a clinical trials registry maintained by the drug manufacturer. Criteria for inclusion in our meta-analysis included all RCTs and the availability of outcome data for MI, other cardiovascular events, major bleeding, and all-cause mortality. Among the 501 unique references identified, 14 RCTs fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Stratification analyses by comparators and doses of dabigatran etexilate were conducted. Peto odds ratio (ORPETO) values using the fixed-effect model (FEM) for MI, other cardiovascular events, major bleeding, and all-cause mortality were 1.34 (95% CI 1.08 to 1.65, P=0.007), 0.93 (95%CI 0.83 to 1.06, P=0.270), 0.88 (95% CI 0.79 to 0.99, P=0.029), and 0.89 (95% CI 0.80 to 1.00, P=0.041). When compared with warfarin, ORPETO values using FEM were 1.41 (95% CI 1.11 to 1.80, P=0.005), 0.94 (95%CI 0.83 to 1.06, P=0.293), 0.85 (95% CI 0.76 to 0.96, P=0.007), and 0.90 (95% CI 0.81 to 1.01, P=0.061), respectively. In RCTs using the 150-mg BID dosage, the ORPETO values using FEM were 1.45 (95% CI 1.11 to 1.91, P=0.007), 0.95 (95% CI 0.82 to 1.09, P=0.423), 0.92 (95% CI 0.81 to 1.05, P=0.228), and 0.88 (95% CI 0.78 to 1.00, P=0.045), respectively. The results of the 110-mg BID dosage were mainly driven by the RE-LY trial. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis provides evidence that dabigatran etexilate is associated with a significantly increased risk of MI. This increased risk should be considered taking into account the overall benefit in terms of major bleeding and all-cause mortality. [less ▲]

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See detailDaclizumab versus antithymocyte globulin in high-immunological-risk renal transplant recipients.
Noel, Christian; Abramowicz, Daniel; Durand, Dominique et al

in Journal of the American Society of Nephrology [=JASN] (2009), 20(6), 1385-92

Nondepleting anti-CD25 monoclonal antibodies (daclizumab) and depleting polyclonal antithymocyte globulin (Thymoglobulin) both prevent acute rejection, but these therapies have not been directly compared ... [more ▼]

Nondepleting anti-CD25 monoclonal antibodies (daclizumab) and depleting polyclonal antithymocyte globulin (Thymoglobulin) both prevent acute rejection, but these therapies have not been directly compared in a high-risk, HLA-sensitized renal transplant population. We randomly assigned 227 patients, who were about to receive a kidney graft from a deceased donor, to either Thymoglobulin or daclizumab if they met one of the following risk factors: current panel reactive antibodies (PRA) >30%; peak PRA >50%; loss of a first kidney graft from rejection within 2 yr of transplantation; or two or three previous grafts. Maintenance immunosuppression comprised tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and steroids. Compared with the daclizumab group, patients treated with Thymoglobulin had a lower incidence of both biopsy-proven acute rejection (15.0% versus 27.2%; P = 0.016) and steroid-resistant rejection (2.7% versus 14.9%; P = 0.002) at one year. One-year graft and patient survival rates were similar between the two groups. In a comparison of rejectors and nonrejectors, overall graft survival was significantly higher in the rejection-free group (87.2% versus 75.0%; P = 0.037). In conclusion, among high-immunological-risk renal transplant recipients, Thymoglobulin is superior to daclizumab for the prevention of biopsy-proven acute rejection, but there is no significant benefit to one-year graft or patient survival. [less ▲]

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See detailDag van de Nieuwste Geschiedenis 2010 – Journée de l’Histoire contemporaine 2010. Compte rendu de la session « Belgique et relations internationales : état des lieux, tendances historiographiques »
Lanneau, Catherine ULg

in Bulletin d'Information de l'Association Belge d'Histoire Contemporaine = Mededelingenblad van de Belgische Vereniging voor Nieuwste Geschiedenis (2010), XXXII(3), 5-6

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See detail‘Dagongzhe’ Write to the magazines: suffering, borders stretching and longings. Dialectics of identification and legitimation
Florence, Eric ULg

Conference (2009, June 23)

‘Dagongzhe’ Write to the magazines: suffering, borders stretching and longings. Dialectics of identification and legitimation. Eric Florence, PhD in Political and Social Sciences, Researcher at the Centre ... [more ▼]

‘Dagongzhe’ Write to the magazines: suffering, borders stretching and longings. Dialectics of identification and legitimation. Eric Florence, PhD in Political and Social Sciences, Researcher at the Centre for Ethnic and Migration Studies, the University of Liege. In this paper, I will look at the different kinds of values that are fostered within articles (diaries, letters, etc.) published in magazines for rural migrant workers. After having detailed the criterion used by editors of these magazines in the process of selecting or rejecting writings sent to them by migrant authors, I will detail three types of narrative modes found in magazines aimed at migrant workers. The first one signals suffering, disillusionment and sometimes irony. The second narrative mode entails claim making by migrant workers which are often backed by editors. I argue that this belongs to what O’Brien calls “contentious politics”. Eventually, the third mode examined in this paper will be thought of as strategic narrative framing on the part of migrant authors. In such framing the pedagogic role of guidance by editors is central I shall stress. But I shall argue at the same time that despite such framing, much of these writings are permeated by a powerful politics of desire and that such politics is particularly hard to analyse. In addition to a qualitative analysis of both published and unpublished writings by migrant workers and editors, I will also confront such writings and the values they convey to the fruit of my ethnographic fieldwork carried out in the Pearl River Delta between 2001 and 200 [less ▲]

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See detailDaily activity rhythms of the African catfish Heterobranchus longifilis (Clariidae) in an experimental enclosure
Anselme, Patrick ULg; Bernaerts, Pascale; Poncin, Pascal ULg

in Aquatic Living Resources (2008), 21(4), 419-422

The swimming, air-gaping, and agonistic behaviours of Heterobranchus longifilis (318 +/- 67 mm) were examined while fish were in a fasted state under 12L: 12D and variable group size ( 2, 5, 10 and 15 ... [more ▼]

The swimming, air-gaping, and agonistic behaviours of Heterobranchus longifilis (318 +/- 67 mm) were examined while fish were in a fasted state under 12L: 12D and variable group size ( 2, 5, 10 and 15 fish) in a 1000-L aquarium. Fish exhibited a predominantly nocturnal activity pattern independent of group size. A diurnal peak of activity occurred, however, at the usual feeding time. A reduction in frequency of agonistic interactions was observed in larger groups. Five fish were then observed under 72L: 0D and 0L: 72D. The nocturnal activity pattern remained, contrary to the diurnal peak, and was independent of the duration of illumination or darkness. These results suggest the absence of biological clock in H. longifilis, although fish may somehow be influenced by past feeding experience. Behavioural plasticity in this species may provide potential for aquaculture in northern latitudes. [less ▲]

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See detailDaily and seasonal movements of radio-tagged trout (Salmo trutta) in the Belgian Ardennes: mobility versus residency
Ovidio, Michaël ULg

Conference (1996, August)

This study describes the mobility patterns of two trout (Salmo trutta L.) of different morphotypes (one typical brown trout and one intermediate between the sea and brown trout) telemetred during 172 ... [more ▼]

This study describes the mobility patterns of two trout (Salmo trutta L.) of different morphotypes (one typical brown trout and one intermediate between the sea and brown trout) telemetred during 172 consecutive days in the River Meuse Basin (Belgian Ardennes). The two trout behaved quite differently. The typical brown trout showed little mobility (home range < 1.1 km and longest net daily journey of 850 m) and a constant fidelity to a main area. The other trout was highly mobile (home range extending over 46 km, with net daily journeys as long as 14 km) with no apparent attachment to any particular residence. These results further question the colloquial belief that all freshwater trout are resident fish and support the idea that different ecotypes (i.e. stream and large river trout) would coexist in the same hydroecosystem. Due to small sample size, it is not permitted to affirm that these ecotypes would be associated to different morphotypes. [less ▲]

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See detailDaily and seasonal variations of the partial pressure of CO2 in surface seawater along the Belgian and southern Dutch coastal areas
Borges, Alberto ULg; Frankignoulle, Michel

in Journal of Marine Systems (1999), 19

The variations of the partial pressure of CO2 pCO2.and related parameters were determined in surface seawater along the Belgian coast, from January 1995 to June 1996, at both daily and seasonal time ... [more ▼]

The variations of the partial pressure of CO2 pCO2.and related parameters were determined in surface seawater along the Belgian coast, from January 1995 to June 1996, at both daily and seasonal time scales. The distribution of pCO2 in this area is regulated by river input from the Scheldt, biological activity and hydrodynamics. The contribution of each of these processes varies as a function of the considered time scale: i. the daily variation of pCO2 depends on the tide although modulated by the biological diel cycle; ii. the seasonal variation of pCO2 depends on the input from the Scheldt and the seasonal variations of phytoplanktonic biomass. During winter, the plume of the river Scheldt is oversaturated in pCO2 with respect to the atmosphere. During spring and summer, phytoplankton blooms occur both in the lower Scheldt estuary and in the river plume and may lead to undersaturation of pCO2 in the easternmost area of the river plume. However, the degradation of phytoplankton induces oversaturation of pCO2, in the westernmost area of the plume. Furthermore, the inter-annual variation of pCO2 depends partly on the fluctuations of the discharge of the Scheldt. Our preliminary results strongly suggest that, on an annual basis, the Scheldt plume behaves as a net source of CO2 to the atmosphere [less ▲]

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See detailDaily changes in the expression of the steroid receptor coactivator SRC-1
Charlier, T. D.; Ball, G. F.; Balthazart, Jacques ULg

in Hormones & Behavior (2005, June), 48(1), 93

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See detailDaily changes in the expression of the steroid receptor coactivator SRC-1.
Charlier, Thierry ULg; Ball, Gregory F.; Balthazart, Jacques ULg

in Hormones & Behavior (2005), 48

Steroid receptor coactivators such as SRC-1 significantly modulate the expression of steroid-dependent physiological and behavioral characteristics in birds and mammals. Changes in coactivator protein ... [more ▼]

Steroid receptor coactivators such as SRC-1 significantly modulate the expression of steroid-dependent physiological and behavioral characteristics in birds and mammals. Changes in coactivator protein expression are therefore likely to affect receptor-mediated transcriptional activity. We previously reported a tissue-dependent regulation of SRC-1 mRNA and protein levels by sex, stress and testosterone in the quail brain. In addition, SRC-1 expression has been shown to vary in mammals during development or in adulthood as a function of seasonal variation in photoperiod. We describe here tissue-specific changes of SRC-1 expression over the course of the day in quail. SRC-1 protein quantified by Western blots in the hindbrain gradually increased in the morning, reached a peak around midday and declined significantly in the afternoon. In contrast, SRC-1 protein levels in the optic lobes progressively decreased in the morning to reach their lowest values around midday before rising in the afternoon. The coactivator concentration in the hippocampus exhibited a progressive increase throughout the day. No change in the SRC-1 protein was detected during the day in the preoptic area and in the cerebellum. The functional significance and the mechanisms of regulation underlying such changes remain to be understood. An important unresolved question is whether this diurnal variation in SRC-1 expression is circadian in nature and if so if SRC-1 is an active player linked to clock genes in the generation of circadian rhythms or if the observed changes in SRC-1 expression are a consequence of the rhythms generated by these genes. [less ▲]

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