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See detailCyclic esterketone compounds, processes for the synthesis thereof and process for the preparation of poly (esterketone) polymers
Wautier, Henri; Latere, Jean-Pierre; Lecomte, Philippe ULg et al

Patent (2001)

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a monomer compound, which is improved to be useful as the novel monomer for forming a poly(ester ketone)polymer by polymerization, and can be directly synthesized in high ... [more ▼]

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a monomer compound, which is improved to be useful as the novel monomer for forming a poly(ester ketone)polymer by polymerization, and can be directly synthesized in high yield in a one-stage process from the stock material. SOLUTION: This compound is a novel cyclic ester compound, in particular 2-oxepane-1,5-dione (KCL), synthesized in one-stage process involving oxidation of the stock material (cyclic diketone, e.g. 1,4-cyclohexane-dione) and useful for simply and easily producing a poly(ester ketone)polymer, in particular poly(2- oxepane-1,5-dione) (PKCL) in high yield. [less ▲]

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See detailCyclic esterketone compounds, processes for the synthesis thereof and process for the preparation of poly(esterketone)polymers
Wautier, Henri; Latere, Jean-Pierre; Lecomte, Philippe ULg et al

Patent (2000)

Unsubstituted oxepane-diones useful as monomers for the production of polymers, process for the synthesis thereof by oxidation of unsubstituted cyclohexanediones, process for the preparation of ... [more ▼]

Unsubstituted oxepane-diones useful as monomers for the production of polymers, process for the synthesis thereof by oxidation of unsubstituted cyclohexanediones, process for the preparation of polyesterketone polymers by polymerisation of cyclic esterketones and polyesterketone polymers so obtained. [less ▲]

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See detailCyclic lipopeptide profile of the plant-beneficial endophytic bacterium Bacillus subtilis HC8
Malfanova, N.; Franzil, Laurent ULg; Lugtenberg, B. et al

in Archives of Microbiology (2012)

In a previous study (Malfanova et al. in Microbial Biotech 4:523-532, 2011), we described the isolation and partial characterization of the biocontrol endophytic bacterium B. subtilis HC8. Using thin ... [more ▼]

In a previous study (Malfanova et al. in Microbial Biotech 4:523-532, 2011), we described the isolation and partial characterization of the biocontrol endophytic bacterium B. subtilis HC8. Using thin-layer chromatography, we have detected several bioactive antifungal compounds in the methanolic extract from the acid-precipitated supernatant of HC8. In the present study, we have further analyzed this methanolic extract using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Based on the comparison of retention times and molecular masses with those of known antifungal compounds, we identified three families of lipopeptide antibiotics. These include four iturins A having fatty acyl chain lengths of C14 to C17, eight fengycins A (from C14 to C18 and from C15 to C17 containing a double bond in the acyl chain), four fengycins B (C15 to C18), and five surfactins (C12 to C16). Evaluation of the antifungal activity of the isolated lipopeptides showed that fengycins are the most active ones. To our knowledge, this is the first report of an endophytic Bacillus subtilis producing all three major families of lipopeptide antibiotics containing a very heterogeneous mixture of homologues. The questions remain open which of these lipopeptides (1) are being produced during interaction with the plant and (2) are contributing to the biocontrol activity of HC8. © 2012 The Author(s). [less ▲]

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See detailCyclic lipopeptides from Bacillus subtilis activate distinct patterns of defence responses in grapevine.
Farace, Giovanni; Fernandez, Olivier; Jacquens, Lucile et al

in Molecular plant pathology (2014)

Non-self-recognition of microorganisms partly relies on the perception of microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) and leads to the activation of an innate immune response. Bacillus subtilis produces ... [more ▼]

Non-self-recognition of microorganisms partly relies on the perception of microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) and leads to the activation of an innate immune response. Bacillus subtilis produces three main families of cyclic lipopeptides (LPs), namely surfactins, iturins and fengycins. Although LPs are involved in induced systemic resistance (ISR) activation, little is known about defence responses induced by these molecules and their involvement in local resistance to fungi. Here, we showed that purified surfactin, mycosubtilin (iturin family) and plipastatin (fengycin family) are perceived by grapevine plant cells. Although surfactin and mycosubtilin stimulated grapevine innate immune responses, they differentially activated early signalling pathways and defence gene expression. By contrast, plipastatin perception by grapevine cells only resulted in early signalling activation. Gene expression analysis suggested that mycosubtilin activated salicylic acid (SA) and jasmonic acid (JA) signalling pathways, whereas surfactin mainly induced an SA-regulated response. Although mycosubtilin and plipastatin displayed direct antifungal activity, only surfactin and mycosubtilin treatments resulted in a local long-lasting enhanced tolerance to the necrotrophic fungus Botrytis cinerea in grapevine leaves. Moreover, challenge with specific strains overproducing surfactin and mycosubtilin led to a slightly enhanced stimulation of the defence response compared with the LP-non-producing strain of B. subtilis. Altogether, our results provide the first comprehensive view of the involvement of LPs from B. subtilis in grapevine plant defence and local resistance against the necrotrophic pathogen Bo. cinerea. Moreover, this work is the first to highlight the ability of mycosubtilin to trigger an immune response in plants. [less ▲]

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See detailCyclic RR Telescopii
Heck, Andre; Manfroid, Jean ULg

Article for general public (1984)

Not Available

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See detailCyclical Cushing's disease : a case report.
Velkeniers, B.; Beckers, Albert ULg; Stevenaert, Achille ULg et al

in Pathology - Research & Practice (1991), 187(5), 603-607

A 41-year-old man with clinical Cushing's syndrome and intermittent central ACTH hypersecretion for a period of 9 1/2 years follow-up is described. Episodes of biochemical and clinical remission ... [more ▼]

A 41-year-old man with clinical Cushing's syndrome and intermittent central ACTH hypersecretion for a period of 9 1/2 years follow-up is described. Episodes of biochemical and clinical remission alternated with periods of florid Cushing's disease, characterized by circadian hyperpulsatile ACTH and cortisol secretion. Responses to metyrapone and inhibition of ACTH and cortisol hypersecretion after high dose dexamethasone during active phases of the disease favored a central origin of ACTH hypersecretion, confirmed by simultaneous bilateral venous sampling of the sinus petrosus inferior. Prolonged clinical remission followed near total anterior hypophysectomy. However, on anatomopathological examination of the pituitary neither corticotroph cell hyperplasia nor a microadenoma could be documented. The possibility of a functional ACTH hypersecretion is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailCyclical Cushing's disease : a case report.
Velkeniers, B.; Beckers, Albert ULg; Stevenaert, Achille ULg et al

in Société Belge de Médecine Interne (1990)

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See detailCyclical Cushing's disease and its successful control under sodium valproate.
Beckers, Albert ULg; Stevenaert, Achille ULg; Pirens, G. et al

in Journal of Endocrinological Investigation (1990), 13(11), 923-9

Several subgroups of Cushing's disease were recently described (anterior or intermediate lobe origin, hyper-or hypo-pulsatility of cortisol, presence or absence of response after GRH or TRH, cyclical ... [more ▼]

Several subgroups of Cushing's disease were recently described (anterior or intermediate lobe origin, hyper-or hypo-pulsatility of cortisol, presence or absence of response after GRH or TRH, cyclical Cushing's disease). We present here a detailed case report on a patient suffering from Cushing's disease whose endocrine functions were extensively investigated. Treatment with bromocriptine, as well as subsequent transsphenoidal surgery, were followed by rapid but transient reversal of symptoms. When clinical manifestations reoccurred, daily measurements of free urinary cortisol revealed a cyclic pattern of cortisol hyperexcretion. A study of ultradian rhythm revealed hyperpulsatility of cortisol secretion. More interestingly, a treatment with sodium valproate, a drug known to inhibit CRH production, was followed by a rapid and longstanding normalization of clinical and biological data for 2 years. Based on these data, and on information from the literature, the present case of Cushing's disease exhibits characteristics suggesting a possible hypothalamic origin. [less ▲]

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See detailCyclical Spectral and Photometric Variations of the Apparently Single Wolf-Rayet Star WR 134
Morel, Thierry ULg; Marchenko, S. V.; Eenens, P. R. J. et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (1998), 260

Evidence is presented for the existence of a 2.3 day periodicity in the line-profile changes of the apparently singleWolf-Rayet star WR 134. This cyclical variability may be induced either by the presence ... [more ▼]

Evidence is presented for the existence of a 2.3 day periodicity in the line-profile changes of the apparently singleWolf-Rayet star WR 134. This cyclical variability may be induced either by the presence of an orbiting collapsed companion, or by the rotational modulation of a largely inhomogeneous outflow. [less ▲]

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See detailCyclin D1-negative mantle cell lymphoma with cryptic t(12;14)(p13;q32) and cyclin D2 overexpression.
Herens, Christian ULg; Lambert, Frédéric ULg; Quintanilla-Martinez, Leticia et al

in Blood (2008), 111(3), 1745-6

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See detailCyclin dependant kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) gene mutations in familial isolated pituitary adenomas (FIPA) : Analysis in 84 families
Apetrii, P.; Tikhomirova, M.; Daly, Adrian ULg et al

in 18th Meeting of the Belgian Endocrine and Metabolic societies : Bruxelles, 25 octobre 2008 (2008, October)

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See detailCyclin dependant kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) gene mutations in familial isolated pituitary adenomas (FIPA) : Analysis in 86 families
Tichomoriva, M.; Barlier, A.; Daly, Adrian ULg et al

in 52 Symposium der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Endokrinologie (2009, March)

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See detailCyclin dependent kinase inhibitor (CDKN1B) gene variants in AIP mutation-negative familial isolated pituitary adenomas (FIPA) kindreds
Tichomirowa, M.; Lee, M.; Barlier, A. et al

in Endocrine-Related Cancer (2012), 19

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See detailCyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) gene mutations in FIPA
Tichomirowa, M. A.; Pellegata, N. S.; Barlier, A. et al

in European Neuroendocrine Association - Liège, 22-25 septembre 2010 (2010, September)

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See detailCyclin-dependent kinase-2 controls oligodendrocyte progenitor cell cycle progression and is downregulated in adult oligodendrocyte progenitors.
Belachew, Shibeshih ULg; Aguirre, Adan A.; Wang, Hang et al

in Journal of Neuroscience (2002), 22(19), 8553-62

Proliferation of oligodendrocyte progenitor (OP) cells is a crucial process controlling myelination in the CNS. Previous studies demonstrated a correlation between OP proliferation rate and cyclin E ... [more ▼]

Proliferation of oligodendrocyte progenitor (OP) cells is a crucial process controlling myelination in the CNS. Previous studies demonstrated a correlation between OP proliferation rate and cyclin E/cyclin-dependent kinase-2 (cdk2) activity. To establish a causal link between cyclin E/cdk2 activity and OP proliferation, we selectively modulated cdk2 activity in vitro by transfection of cultured OP cells. Dominant-negative (Dn)-cdk2 overexpression inhibited mitogen-induced OP cell proliferation, whereas wild-type (wt)-cdk2 prevented cell cycle arrest caused by anti-mitotic signals. Dn-cdk2- or wt-cdk2-mediated regulation of G(1)/S transition, per se, did not influence initiation of OP differentiation. To study the function of cyclin E/cdk2 in OP cells during development in vivo, we analyzed cdk2 and cyclin E expression in cells acutely isolated from transgenic mice expressing the green fluorescent protein (GFP) under the control of the 2'-3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase gene promoter. Both cyclin E/cdk2 protein levels and activity were decreased in GFP(+) oligodendrocyte lineage cells between postnatal days 4 and 30. Immunostaining of NG2(+)/GFP(+) OP cells in brain tissue sections showed a 90% decrease in overall cell proliferation and cdk2 expression between perinatal and adult cells. However, cdk2 expression within the proliferating (i.e., expressing the proliferating cell nuclear antigen) OP cell population was maintained throughout development. Our data indicate that: (1) cyclin E/cdk2 activity plays a pivotal function in OP cell cycle decisions occurring at G(1)/S checkpoint; (2) initiation of OP differentiation is independent of cyclinE/cdk2 checkpoint, and (3) intrinsic differences in cyclin E/cdk2 expression and activity may underlie the slowly proliferative state that characterizes so-called "quiescent" adult OP cells in vivo. [less ▲]

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See detailCycling or not cycling: cell cycle regulatory molecules and adult neurogenesis.
Beukelaers, Pierre ULg; Vandenbosch, Renaud ULg; Caron, Nicolas ULg et al

in Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences : CMLS (2012), 69(9), 1493-1503

The adult brain most probably reaches its highest degree of plasticity with the lifelong generation and integration of new neurons in the hippocampus and olfactory system. Neural precursor cells (NPCs ... [more ▼]

The adult brain most probably reaches its highest degree of plasticity with the lifelong generation and integration of new neurons in the hippocampus and olfactory system. Neural precursor cells (NPCs) residing both in the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus and in the subventricular zone of the lateral ventricles continuously generate neurons that populate the dentate gyrus and the olfactory bulb, respectively. The regulation of NPC proliferation in the adult brain has been widely investigated in the past few years. Yet, the intrinsic cell cycle machinery underlying NPC proliferation remains largely unexplored. In this review, we discuss the cell cycle components that are involved in the regulation of NPC proliferation in both neurogenic areas of the adult brain. [less ▲]

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See detailCyclo-oxygenase type 2-dependent prostaglandin E-2 secretion is involved in retrovirus-induced T-cell dysfunction in mice
Rahmouni, Souad ULg; Aandahl, Einar Martin; Nayjib, Btissam ULg et al

in Biochemical Journal (2004), 384(Pt 3), 469-476

MAIDS (murine AIDS) is caused by infection with the murine leukaemia retrovirus RadLV-Rs and is characterized by a severe immunodeficiency and T-cell anergy combined with a lymphoproliferative disease ... [more ▼]

MAIDS (murine AIDS) is caused by infection with the murine leukaemia retrovirus RadLV-Rs and is characterized by a severe immunodeficiency and T-cell anergy combined with a lymphoproliferative disease affecting both B- and T-cells. Hyperactivation of the cAMP-protein kinase A pathway is involved in the T-cell dysfunction of MAIDS and HIV by inhibiting T-cell activation through the T-cell receptor. In the present study, we show that MAIDS involves a strong and selective up-regulation of cyclo-oxygenase type 2 in the CD11b+ subpopulation of T- and B-cells of the lymph nodes, leading to increased levels of PGE2 (prostaglandin E2). PGE2 activates the cAMP pathway through G-protein-coupled receptors. Treatment with cyclo-oxygenase type 2 inhibitors reduces the level of PGE2 and thereby reverses the T-cell anergy, restores the T-cell immune function and ameliorates the lymphoproliferative disease. [less ▲]

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See detailCYCLODEXTRIN INCLUSIONS COMPLEXES OF PYRIMIDINE-2,4,6-TRIONES
Evrard, Brigitte ULg; Bartsch, Pierre ULg; Endele, Richard et al

Patent (2007)

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See detailCyclodextrin-mediated drug release from liposomes dispersed within a bioadhesive gel
Piel, Géraldine ULg; Boulmedarat, Laila; Bochot, Amelie et al

in Pharmaceutical Research (2005), 22(6), 962-971

Purpose. The aim of the present study was to design a new mucosal drug delivery system composed of liposomes dispersed within a bioadhesive hydrogel containing methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (Me beta CD) for ... [more ▼]

Purpose. The aim of the present study was to design a new mucosal drug delivery system composed of liposomes dispersed within a bioadhesive hydrogel containing methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (Me beta CD) for controlled drug release. Methods. A hydrophilic model molecule, inulin, was encapsulated within positively charged and PEGylated liposomes and its release was measured in the presence of Me beta CD after vesicle dispersion within the bioadhesive Carbopol(R) 974P gel. Freeze-fracture electron microscopy (FFEM) was used to follow liposome morphological changes when dispersed within the hydrogel. Liposome- Me beta CD interactions were investigated by turbidity monitoring during continuous addition of Me beta CD to liposomes and by FFEM. Results. Inulin diffusion within the gel was influenced by Carbopol(R) 974P concentration since no gel erosion occurred. When dispersed within the gel, positively charged liposomes displayed a higher stability than PEG-ylated vesicles. In the presence of Me beta CD, higher amounts of free inulin were released from liposomes, especially in Carbopol(R)-free system. Me beta CD appeared to diffuse towards lipid vesicles and permeabilized their bilayer allowing inulin leakage. Indeed, freeze-fracture experiments and liposome turbidity monitoring have shown that Me beta CD behaved as a detergent behavior, resulting in lipid vesicle solubilization. Conclusion. Me beta CD is able to mediate, within a bioadhesive hydrogel, the release of a liposome-encapsulated molecule allowing further application of this delivery system for mucosal administration. [less ▲]

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