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See detailControl of hypertension in renal transplantation : the EPARA study
Gellner, Karen; SAINT-REMY, Annie ULg; WEEKERS, Laurent ULg et al

Conference (2011, June 26)

Blood pressure (BP) is a cardiovascular but also kidney disease risk factor, especially in high risk populations such as kidney transplantated one (KT). Therefore it must be accurately measured. The aim ... [more ▼]

Blood pressure (BP) is a cardiovascular but also kidney disease risk factor, especially in high risk populations such as kidney transplantated one (KT). Therefore it must be accurately measured. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the quality of BP control in such a population followed at the CHU Liège. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (9 ULg)
See detailControl of inflammation in experimental bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis
Bureau, Fabrice ULg; Van de Weerdt, M. L.; Hanon, E. et al

in Bovine Practitioner (1998), 31(1), 5-13

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
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See detailControl of key pecking by the duration of a visual stimulus
Perikel, J. J.; Richelle, Marc ULg; Maurissen, J.

in Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior (1974), 22(1), 131-134

Pigeons' key peck were brought under the control of the duration of a visual stimulus in one-key and two-key procedures. In the one-key procedure, pecks were reinforeced after presentations of a long ... [more ▼]

Pigeons' key peck were brought under the control of the duration of a visual stimulus in one-key and two-key procedures. In the one-key procedure, pecks were reinforeced after presentations of a long-duration stimulus but not after presentations of a short-duration stimulus. In the two-key procedure, left-key pecks were reinforced after the long-duration stimulus and right-key pecks after the short-duration stimulus. In both procedures, the long-duration stimulus was 10 sec, and the short-duration stimulus was increased from 1 to 8 sec in1-sec steps. Discriminative control developed with both procedures, but with greater acuracy in the two-key procedures, in which a difference threshold was obtained at short-duration values between 7 and 8 sec, or about 2.5 sec shorter than the long-duration stimulus. [less ▲]

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See detailControl of listeria monocytogenes in dairy farms
Belleflamme, Christel ULg; Di Tanna, Sybille ULg; Anceau, Christine ULg et al

in Proceedings of the Ninth Conference on Food Microbiology (2004)

- Performed in Walloon farms in contact with the PDR project - L. monocytogenes characterised by its ubiquity - Numerous sources of contaminations : environment, cross-contaminations, post-contaminations ... [more ▼]

- Performed in Walloon farms in contact with the PDR project - L. monocytogenes characterised by its ubiquity - Numerous sources of contaminations : environment, cross-contaminations, post-contaminations, mastitis,… [less ▲]

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See detailControl of Listeria monocytogenes in dairy farms.
Di Tanna, Sybille ULg; Belleflamme, Christel ULg; Anceau, Christine ULg et al

in Proceedings of the Ninth conference on food microbiology (2004, September)

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See detailControl of living anionic polymerization of (meth)acrylates : active complex species, macromolecular engineering and possible scaling-up
Teyssié, Philippe; Bayard, Philippe; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Macromolecular Symposia (1995), 98

Tailored polymerization of acrylic and methacrylic esters, particularly methyl methacrylate (MMA), has been the topic of a frantic research effort during the last decade. It is the purpose of this paper ... [more ▼]

Tailored polymerization of acrylic and methacrylic esters, particularly methyl methacrylate (MMA), has been the topic of a frantic research effort during the last decade. It is the purpose of this paper to present one of the main lines of that quest, and to evaluate its potential versus other new approaches. [less ▲]

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See detailControl of Lymphoepithelial Interactions within Thymic Nurse Cells by Gamma-Interferon and Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha. Possible Role in the Modulation of Intrathymic Education?
Defresne, Marie-Paule ULg; Humblet, Chantal ULg; Rongy, A. M. et al

in Thymus (1989), 13(3-4), 201-4

The role of cytokines in the process of intrathymic differentiation is not yet clearly established. The results presented in this paper demonstrate that interferon-gamma and tumor necrosis factor-alpha ... [more ▼]

The role of cytokines in the process of intrathymic differentiation is not yet clearly established. The results presented in this paper demonstrate that interferon-gamma and tumor necrosis factor-alpha regulate 'in vivo' and 'in vitro' the interactions between epithelial cells and thymocytes within thymic nurse cells. The mechanism of action of these cytokines and their possible physiologic role 'in vivo' are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailControl of molecular dynamics with zero-area fields. application to molecular orientation and photodissociation
Sugny, Dominique; Vranckx, Stéphane; Ndong, Mamadou et al

in Physical Review A (2014), 90

The constraint of time-integrated zero area on the laser field is a fundamental requirement, both theoretically and experimentally, in the control of molecular dynamics. By using techniques of local and ... [more ▼]

The constraint of time-integrated zero area on the laser field is a fundamental requirement, both theoretically and experimentally, in the control of molecular dynamics. By using techniques of local and optimal control theory, we show how to enforce this constraint in two benchmark control problems, namely, molecular orientation and photofragmentation. The origin and the physical implications for the dynamics of this zero-area control field are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailControl of nuclear sample polarization using optical pumping and radio-frequency methods
Lenaers, Florence ULg; Glover, Rohan ULg; Bastin, Thierry ULg

Conference (2015, May 27)

Laser-cooled and trapped radioactive isotopes are now being used to probe the properties of the weak interaction in nuclear beta decay. In this context, it is essential that one be able to control the ... [more ▼]

Laser-cooled and trapped radioactive isotopes are now being used to probe the properties of the weak interaction in nuclear beta decay. In this context, it is essential that one be able to control the nuclear polarization of the atomic samples. We present two polarization/depolarization schemes for argon-35, whose mirror transition to chlorine-35 is a particularly sensitive candidate for precision measurements in nuclear beta decay. [less ▲]

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See detailControl of ordered mesoporous molecular sieves synthesis using non-ionic surfactants by incorporation of transition metal ions in the micellar solution
Léonard, Alexandre ULg; Blin, Jean-Luc; Herrier, Gontran et al

in Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis (2003), 146

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See detailControl of perimenstrual flares of perioral dermatitis by isotretinoin
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Journal of Dermatological Treatment (2000), 11

BACKGROUNDS: Some cases of perioral dermatitis (POD) appear in young women after the interruption of oral contraception. Perimenstrual POD flares may also occur. Blue-brown, post-inflammatory macules and ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUNDS: Some cases of perioral dermatitis (POD) appear in young women after the interruption of oral contraception. Perimenstrual POD flares may also occur. Blue-brown, post-inflammatory macules and atrophic scarring often persist. Conventional treatment modalities include topical and oral tetracyclines, topical metronidazole and oral contraceptives. However, such therapies mau fail or offer only transient results. Isotretinoin efficacy was reported in a patient with difficult-to-treat POD. METHODS: We studied the outcome of a 6-month course of isotretinoin with a 1-year follow-up in 14 women suffering from chronic or recurrent POD refractory to or dependent on long-term conventional treatments. The isotretinoin dosing regiments were based on acne management guidelines. RESULTS: At 1-year follow-up, 12 of 14 (85,7 %) of the women remained free of POD recurrences, one patient (7,1 %) experienced a significant improvement, and one patient (7,1 %) showed only transient improvement during therapy, and rapidly relapsed after completing two 6-month treatment courses. The muco-cutaneous side effects were similar to those already known for isotretinoin. No other adverse effects occured. CONCLUSION: Isotretinoin represents a valuable therapeutic alternative for women suffering from chronic or recurrent POD refractory to or dependent on conventional treatment options. [less ▲]

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See detailControl of phase shifting transformers by multiple transmission system operators
Marinakis, Adamantios ULg; Glavic, Mevludin; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

(2007, July)

A general framework is proposed for the control of phase shifting transformers owned by several TSOs, taking into account their interactions. The proposed solution is the Nash equilibrium of a sequence of ... [more ▼]

A general framework is proposed for the control of phase shifting transformers owned by several TSOs, taking into account their interactions. The proposed solution is the Nash equilibrium of a sequence of optimizations performed by the various TSOs, each of them taking into account the other TSOs’ control settings as well as operating constraints relative to the whole system. The method is applied to a linearized network model and illustrated on the IEEE 118-bus system. [less ▲]

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See detailControl of phytoplankton bloom by winter conditions in a Mediterranean coastal area : results from a long–term study (1979–2011)
Goffart, Anne ULg; Hecq, Jean-Henri ULg; Legendre, Louis

Poster (2014, February)

The occurrence of a late-winter (February-March) phytoplankton bloom is one of the most unifying features of Mediterranean pelagic ecosystems. However, very little is known about the mechanisms that ... [more ▼]

The occurrence of a late-winter (February-March) phytoplankton bloom is one of the most unifying features of Mediterranean pelagic ecosystems. However, very little is known about the mechanisms that regulate the interannual variability of this phytoplankton bloom in coastal areas. In the present study, we show how winter physical forcing and environmental drivers control surface phytoplankton bloom dynamics in terms of the onset of the bloom, its duration, and its intensity through the analysis of a long-term time series (1979-2011) at the oligotrophic PhytoCly station (Bay of Calvi, Corsica, northwestern Mediterranean). We define a winter intensity index (WII) that integrates wind forcing and water temperature, and discuss strong correlations between WII and both surface nutrient fertilization and phytoplankton bloom intensity. Our study is consistent with reports that phytoplankton blooms can develop in homogenous water columns, and it does not fit the conventional idea that phytoplankton are blooming in temperate oceans because of warming/stratification of the surface layer. [less ▲]

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See detailControl of phytoplankton development by nitrate availability in the Liguro-Provençal basin (western Mediterranean)
Goffart, Anne ULg; Hecq, Jean-Henri ULg

in Progress in Belgian Oceanography Research, Royal Academy of Belgium, National Committee of Oceanology (1993)

Ten years of mesoscale oceanographic studies in the Liguro-Provençal basin (Corsican area) have emphasized that phytoplankton communities distribution is characterized by a high spatial and temporal ... [more ▼]

Ten years of mesoscale oceanographic studies in the Liguro-Provençal basin (Corsican area) have emphasized that phytoplankton communities distribution is characterized by a high spatial and temporal heterogeneity. The phytoplankton organization is greatly influenced by the presence of the Liguro-Provençal front whose functioning contributes significantly to increase the local productivity. The role of the front in the phytoplankton productivity enhancement is important all through the year but is much more effective from March to May. In the entire basin, a crucial moment for phytoplankton communities is encountered during summer, when surface waters are nutrient exhausted. The characteristic response of the primary producers is to sink below the surface mixed layer and to develop deep chlorophyll maxima (DCM). Their formation and maintenance are discussed. During the stratified period, all data support the view that phytoplankton distribution is primarily controlled by nitrate availability. [less ▲]

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See detailControl of plankton dynamics and fish recruitment by climate variation : example of Corsica, a Mediterranean island
Goffart, Anne ULg; Hecq, Jean-Henri ULg

Conference (2011, December)

In coastal areas of temperate and tropical small islands, most exploited fish species have undergone large reductions in stock size over the last decades. This impact is believed to be due, in large ... [more ▼]

In coastal areas of temperate and tropical small islands, most exploited fish species have undergone large reductions in stock size over the last decades. This impact is believed to be due, in large measure, to overfishing. However, in some cases, the poor recruitment of young fish or crustaceans of commercial interest is related to climate change. Here we present results acquired from three decades in Corsica, a small Mediterranean island where water quality is unbiased by terrestrial inputs and local activities. We show how plankton dynamics and fish recruitment are controlled by climate variation. Long-term changes of surface plankton dynamics are studied from 1979 at a permanent station in the oligotrophic Bay of Calvi (Corsica, Mediterranean Sea). As a distinctive feature of the area, the plankton bloom is characterized by a very large interannual variability reaching one order of magnitude from one year to another. Studies conducted to understand mechanisms controlling plankton variability emphasize a close relationship between climate variation (mainly winter wind stress intensity), water temperature and phytoplankton biomass. Shifts in phytoplankton community structure contribute to control the dynamics of zooplankton that rely on phytoplankton as food and influence the temporal succession of zooplankton assemblages. Changes in the timing, the biomass and the composition of the zooplankton communities result in a mismatch with the presence of the main food source of the small fish and alter recruitment success. The Corsican example could help to be aware of the potential consequences that changes in plankton dynamics controlled by climate variation will pose to coastal fishermen of small islands. [less ▲]

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See detailControl of plankton phenology by climate variation in a Mediterranean coastal area : results from a long-term study (1979-2011)
Goffart, Anne ULg; Collignon, Amandine ULg; Hecq, Jean-Henri ULg

Conference (2015, March)

Physical processes are known to play major roles in marine plankton succession. However, few studies have addressed the mechanisms that regulate phyto- and zooplankton phenology in a context of changing ... [more ▼]

Physical processes are known to play major roles in marine plankton succession. However, few studies have addressed the mechanisms that regulate phyto- and zooplankton phenology in a context of changing climate. Here we used a unique long-term (1979-2011) time series performed in a Mediterranean coastal area unbiased by local anthropogenic pressure (PHYTOCLY station, Bay of Calvi, Corsica) to understand how environmental forcing affects the timing, duration and magnitude of the winter-spring phyto- and zooplankton blooms. We showed that phyto- and zooplankton blooms were bottom-up controlled by the establishment of favourable abiotic conditions, i.e. nutrient replenishment by vertical mixing under specific water temperature and wind conditions, for which thresholds were defined. According to the intensity of winter characteristics, there were strong differences in both the abundance and composition of phyto- and zooplankton during the winter-spring period. Our study is consistent with the recent reports that, when occurring, diatoms peaks were added to the initial phytoplankton groups instead of replacing them. In contrast, zooplankton groups followed a replacement sequence. Based on the results provided by our time series, we show that plankton phenology in the Bay of Calvi is highly controlled by climate variation and exhibits contrasted patterns in response to different scenarios of environmental forcing. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (7 ULg)
See detailControl of pneumonia in calves
Lekeux, Pierre ULg

(1999, October 22)

Respiratory disease is the principal cause of loss of young cattle worldwide. The syndrome arises from a number of factors, including Chose involving the animal, e.g., age, general condition and immune ... [more ▼]

Respiratory disease is the principal cause of loss of young cattle worldwide. The syndrome arises from a number of factors, including Chose involving the animal, e.g., age, general condition and immune statue; ifs environment, e.g., changes in food, temperature and humidity that lead to stress; and the presence of infections agents, e.g., bacteria, viruses and mycoplasmas. The syndrome, in a method preferred by the author, can be classified into four grades: Grade 1, subclinical disease;Grade 2, compensated clinical disease (at this stage, the inflammatriry reaction generated tends to lirait the impact of the disease on thi animal); Grade 3, noncompensated clinical disease (at this stage, the inflamniattxy reaction is excessive and must be controlled); and Grade 4, irrevertibk clinical disease (which threatens the animal's survival). The increase in frequency and economic impact of bovine respiratory disease complex can be correlated with the escalating industrialisation of cattle production. In intensive operations, commingling of animale from multiple sources, exposure to many organisme, stress and management practicgs are all factors that can lead to disease. - The predisposition of cattle, especially beef calves, to respiratory problems is related to their lack of functional pulmonary hardiness. Selection of breeds that demonstrate adequate pulmonary function and sufficient ventilatory reserve may help in the control of the bovine respiratory disease complex, but this approach is difficult to implement and slow to produce results. Prophylactic measures, including vaccination programmes and modifying management practices to reduce stress, also have a place in preventing the bovine respiratory disease complex. Unfortunately, these measures are not always easy to put into operation and cannot completely eradicate the problem. Therapeutic strategies to minimise the economic impact of the syndrome include use of appropriate antibacterial therapy, modulation of the pulmonary inflammatory reaction and correction of mechanical disorders. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (3 ULg)
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See detailControl of Polymyxa betae by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens lipopeptides
Desoignies, N.; Schramme, F.; Ongena, Marc ULg et al

Poster (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
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See detailThe control of postharvest blue and green molds of citrus in relation with essential oil-wax formulations, adherence and viscosity.
Kouassi, Kouadio Hugues Sosthène ULg; Bajji, Mohammed; Jijakli, Haissam ULg

in Postharvest Biology & Technology (2012), 73

The use of wax coatings enriched with antifungals has significantly contributed to quality maintaining of harvested citrus fruit. On the other hand, interest in essential oils (EOs) as an alternative to ... [more ▼]

The use of wax coatings enriched with antifungals has significantly contributed to quality maintaining of harvested citrus fruit. On the other hand, interest in essential oils (EOs) as an alternative to synthetic fungicides has recently gained momentum. In this study, Cinnamomum zeylanicum EO was incorporated into a variety of commercial citrus waxes (shellac, carnauba, paraffin and polyethylene). The biological activity of these formulations against green and blue rots as well as their viscosity and adherence to the orange fruit surface were evaluated. Excellent disease control was achieved with C. zeylanicum EO incorporated in shellac and/or carnauba wax compared to other EO–wax formulations. Disease control by EO–waxes seems to depend not only on the volume that remains on the fruit skin, but also, probably on the retention of EO components on the fruit. Other factors such as formulation solubility, permeability to gases, and compatibility between EO compounds and those of waxes may also be involved in the improvement of EO efficacy. The present study may therefore allow a careful selection of ppropriate waxes for the elaboration of effective EO–wax formulations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 157 (8 ULg)