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See detailDelayed massive immune hemolysis mediated by minor ABO incompatibility after allogeneic peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation.
Salmon, Jean ULg; Michaux, S.; Hermanne, J. P. et al

in Transfusion (1999), 39(8), 824-7

BACKGROUND: Bone marrow transplantation with minor ABO incompatibility may be followed by moderate delayed hemolysis of the recipient's red cells by donor-derived ABO antibodies. This reaction may be more ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Bone marrow transplantation with minor ABO incompatibility may be followed by moderate delayed hemolysis of the recipient's red cells by donor-derived ABO antibodies. This reaction may be more severe after transplantation of peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPCs). CASE REPORT: A 16-year-old boy underwent an allogeneic PBPC transplant from his HLA-mismatched mother as treatment for acute myeloblastic leukemia that had proved resistant to induction chemotherapy. Transfusion of the unmanipulated PBPCs proceeded without any complication, despite the difference in ABO blood group (donor, O Rh-positive; recipient, A Rh-positive). On Day 7, a rapid drop in hemoglobin to 4 g per dL was observed, which was attributed to a massive hemolysis. All the recipient's group A red cells were destroyed within 36 hours. This delayed and rapidly progressive hemolytic anemia was not associated with the transfusion of the donor's plasma. Rather, the anti-A titer increased in parallel with marrow recovery, which suggested an active synthesis of these antibodies by immunocompetent cells from the donor against the recipient's red cells. The mother's anti-A titer was retrospectively found to be 2048. Her unusually high titer is probably due to prior sensitization during pregnancies. On Day 12, the patient developed grade IV graft-versus-host disease, which proved resistant to all treatments instituted and led to his death on Day 35. CONCLUSION: PBPC transplantation with minor ABO incompatibility may be associated with significant risk of massive delayed hemolysis. [less ▲]

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See detailDelayed neutrophil apoptosis in bovine subclinical mastitis.
Boutet, Philippe ULg; Boulanger, D.; Gillet, Laurent ULg et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (2004), 87(12), 4104-4114

Bovine subclinical mastitis can be defined as a moderated inflammatory disease characterized by a persistent accumulation of neutrophils in milk. As GMCSF-mediated delay of neutrophil apoptosis ... [more ▼]

Bovine subclinical mastitis can be defined as a moderated inflammatory disease characterized by a persistent accumulation of neutrophils in milk. As GMCSF-mediated delay of neutrophil apoptosis contributes to the accumulation of inflammatory cells at the site of inflammation in many human diseases, we sought to determine whether subclinical mastitis in cows is also associated with a GMCSF-dependent increase in milk-neutrophil survival. We first addressed the hypothesis that GMCSF delays bovine neutrophil apoptosis by activation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) family members STAT3 and STAT5, which are critical regulators of the expression of various Bcl-2 family proteins. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor significantly delayed apoptosis of blood neutrophils obtained from healthy cows. In these cells, GMCSF activated STAT5, but not STAT3, and induced an increase in the mRNA of the antiapoptotic Bcl-2 member, Bcl-xL. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor-dependent STAT5 activation and up-regulation of Bcl-xL mRNA were blocked by the Jak inhibitor, AG-490. This inhibition was associated with abrogation of the prosurvival effect of GMCSF, demonstrating a key role for STAT5 in delayed neutrophil apoptosis. We further found that GMCSF expression was increased in milk cells from cows affected with subclinical mastitis. Neutrophils from these cows demonstrated a significant delay of apoptosis as compared with neutrophils obtained from healthy cows and were unresponsive to GMCSF. Active STAT5 complexes were detected in these neutrophils. Finally, in the presence of AG-490, apoptosis was induced and a time-dependent down-regulation of Bcl-xL mRNA was observed in milk neutrophils from mastitis-affected cows. These results indicate that neutrophil survival is enhanced in milk of subclinical mastitis-affected cows and suggest a role for a GMCSF-activated STAT5 signaling pathway in this phenomenon. This pathway could thus represent a target for the control of persistent accumulation of neutrophils in the bovine mammary gland [less ▲]

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See detailDelayed onset muscle soreness induced by eccentric isokinetic exercise
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Camus, Gérard; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg et al

in Isokinetics & Exercise Science (2003), 11(1), 21-29

Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) follows unaccustomed muscular exercise, most notably in the eccentric mode. That concept refers to a dull ache combined with tenderness, stiffness and weakness of the ... [more ▼]

Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) follows unaccustomed muscular exercise, most notably in the eccentric mode. That concept refers to a dull ache combined with tenderness, stiffness and weakness of the previously active muscles. lsokinetic device constitutes a specific model in generating and investigating DOMS. Respective effects of concentric and eccentric actions have been compared, emphasizing on the variability in the response (serum activity of CK for instance). The particular sensitivity of the hamstrings was underlined although causes remained unexplained. Some treatment have been proposed in the management of DOMS. Several studies reported that anti-inflammatory agents fail to alleviate pain and discomfort even if other authors indicated a relative effectiveness. Based on the repeated-bout effect, submaximal eccentric exercise currently represent the most useful preventive strategy. [less ▲]

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See detailDelayed reepithelialization and scarring deregulation following drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis.
Paquet, Philippe ULg; Jacob, E.; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg et al

in Burns (2007), 33(1), 100-4

A 51-year-old Caucasian woman developed severe drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) due to allopurinol. The withdrawal of the culprit drug was unfortunately delayed, and dramatic retardation of ... [more ▼]

A 51-year-old Caucasian woman developed severe drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) due to allopurinol. The withdrawal of the culprit drug was unfortunately delayed, and dramatic retardation of reepithelialization was observed. At that stage of disease evolution, an inflammatory cell infiltrate was present in the dermis. Coverage of eroded lesions by frozen cultured keratinocyte allografts failed to hasten reepithelialization compared to ungrafted sites. This unusual protracted TEN evolution was followed by the development of extensive hypertrophic and keloid scars. Several biopsies were taken over 6 months. The histologic presentation of the grafted and ungrafted eroded scar tissues looked similar. Both the number and size of the Factor XIIIa-positive dermal dendrocytes, as well as the number of alpha-actin-positive myofibroblasts showed a marked increase between weeks 2 and 12 after grafting. They were reduced after 6 months when the scarring process was stabilized. alpha1 [IV] collagen was never expressed over the eroded scars. Similar to burn patients, delayed reepithelialization might be a risk factor for abnormal scarring in TEN. Cultured keratinocyte allograft apparently offered no improvement in reepithelialization and did not prevent abnormal scarring in this TEN patient. [less ▲]

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See detailDelayed-Onset Muscle Soreness : treatment or prevention ?
Hody, Stéphanie ULg

Conference (2009, March 05)

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See detailDelays in claiming social security benefits
Jousten, Alain ULg; Diamond, P.; Coile, C. et al

in Journal of Public Economics (2002), 84

This paper focuses on Social Security benefit claiming behavior, a take-up decision that has been ignored in the previous literature. Using financial calculations and simulations based on an expected ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on Social Security benefit claiming behavior, a take-up decision that has been ignored in the previous literature. Using financial calculations and simulations based on an expected utility maximization model, we show that delaying benefit claim for a period of time after retirement is optimal in a wide variety of cases and that gains from delay may be significant.We find that approximately 10% of men retiring before their 62nd birthday delay claiming for at least 1 year after eligibility. We estimate hazard and probit models using data from the New Beneficiary Data System to test four cross-sectional predictions. While the data suggest that too few men delay, we find that the pattern of delays by early retirees is generally consistent with the hypotheses generated by our theoretical model. [less ▲]

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See detailDelegation and Information Revelation
Gautier, Axel ULg; Paolini, Dimitri

in Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics = Zeitschrift für die Gesamte Staatswissenschaft (2007), 163

This paper analyzes, in a set-up where only the control over actions is contractible, the rationale for delegation. An organization must take two decisions. The payoffs are affected by a random parameter ... [more ▼]

This paper analyzes, in a set-up where only the control over actions is contractible, the rationale for delegation. An organization must take two decisions. The payoffs are affected by a random parameter and only the agent knows its realization. If the principal delegates the control over the first decision to the agent, his choice may indicate the information that he possesses. If the principal retains control over the second decision, discovering this information is valuable. Hence, this paper provides a new rationale for delegation: A transfer of control to the informed party can be used to discover the private information. (JEL: D23, D82, L22 , M41) [less ▲]

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See detailDélégation par abandon ; approche psychologique
Born, Michel ULg

in Les politiques sociales (1999), 3-4

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See detailDelegation, externalities and organizational design
Gautier, Axel ULg; Paolini, Dimitri

in Economics Bulletin (2009), 29(4),

In a repeated interaction between a principal and two agents with inter-agents externalities and asymmetric information, we show that optimal decentralization within the organization is limited to the ... [more ▼]

In a repeated interaction between a principal and two agents with inter-agents externalities and asymmetric information, we show that optimal decentralization within the organization is limited to the first period and across agents. [less ▲]

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See detailLe délégué à la gestion journalière et les délégations particulières de pouvoir
Caprasse, Olivier ULg

in L'organisation du pouvoir dans la société anonyme (2004)

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See detailDeleterious mutations in LRBA are associated with a syndrome of immune deficiency and autoimmunity.
Lopez-Herrera, Gabriela; Tampella, Giacomo; Pan-Hammarstrom, Qiang et al

in American Journal of Human Genetics (2012), 90(6), 986-1001

Most autosomal genetic causes of childhood-onset hypogammaglobulinemia are currently not well understood. Most affected individuals are simplex cases, but both autosomal-dominant and autosomal-recessive ... [more ▼]

Most autosomal genetic causes of childhood-onset hypogammaglobulinemia are currently not well understood. Most affected individuals are simplex cases, but both autosomal-dominant and autosomal-recessive inheritance have been described. We performed genetic linkage analysis in consanguineous families affected by hypogammaglobulinemia. Four consanguineous families with childhood-onset humoral immune deficiency and features of autoimmunity shared genotype evidence for a linkage interval on chromosome 4q. Sequencing of positional candidate genes revealed that in each family, affected individuals had a distinct homozygous mutation in LRBA (lipopolysaccharide responsive beige-like anchor protein). All LRBA mutations segregated with the disease because homozygous individuals showed hypogammaglobulinemia and autoimmunity, whereas heterozygous individuals were healthy. These mutations were absent in healthy controls. Individuals with homozygous LRBA mutations had no LRBA, had disturbed B cell development, defective in vitro B cell activation, plasmablast formation, and immunoglobulin secretion, and had low proliferative responses. We conclude that mutations in LRBA cause an immune deficiency characterized by defects in B cell activation and autophagy and by susceptibility to apoptosis, all of which are associated with a clinical phenotype of hypogammaglobulinemia and autoimmunity. [less ▲]

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See detailDeletion (6)(p22p25) is a recurrent anomaly of thymoma: report of a second case and review of the literature
Herens, Christian ULg; Radermecker, Maurice ULg; Servais, Anne-Marie ULg et al

in Cancer Genetics & Cytogenetics (2003), 146(1), 66-69

A patient with type AB thymoma and del(6)(p22p25) as the sole cytogenetic anomaly is described. This is the second report of a del(6)(p22p25) in a thymoma. The same deletion was previously found in ... [more ▼]

A patient with type AB thymoma and del(6)(p22p25) as the sole cytogenetic anomaly is described. This is the second report of a del(6)(p22p25) in a thymoma. The same deletion was previously found in association with a type A thymoma. Both patients presented with benign tumors. These data suggest that partial deletion of the short arm of chromosome 6 is a nonrandom change associated with benign thymomas. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailDeletion Analogues Of Transportan
Soomets, U.; Lindgren, M.; Gallet, X. et al

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-Biomembranes (2000), 1467(1), 165-76

Several shorter analogues of the cell penetrating peptide, transportan, have been synthesized in order to define the regions of the sequence, which are responsible for the membrane translocation property ... [more ▼]

Several shorter analogues of the cell penetrating peptide, transportan, have been synthesized in order to define the regions of the sequence, which are responsible for the membrane translocation property of the peptide. Penetration of the peptides into Bowes melanoma cells and the influence on GTPase activity in Rin m5F cellular membranes have been tested. The experimental data on cell penetration have been compared with molecular modeling of insertion of peptides into biological membranes. Omission of six amino acids from the N-terminus did not significantly impair the cell penetration of the peptide while deletions at the C-terminus or in the middle of the transportan sequence decreased or abolished the cellular uptake. Most transportan analogues exert an inhibitory effect on GTPase activity. Molecular modeling shows that insertion of the transportan analogues into the membrane differs for different peptides. Probably the length of the peptide as well as the location of aromatic and positively charged residues have major impact on the orientation of peptides in the membranes and thereby influence the cellular penetration. In summary, we have designed and characterized several novel short transportan analogues with similar cellular translocation properties to the parent peptide, but with reduced undesired cellular activity. [less ▲]

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See detailA deletion in the bovine FANCI gene compromises fertility by causing fetal death and brachyspina.
Charlier, Carole ULg; Agerholm, Jorgen Steen; Coppieters, Wouter ULg et al

in PLoS ONE (2012), 7(8), 43085

Fertility is one of the most important traits in dairy cattle, and has been steadily declining over the last decades. We herein use state-of-the-art genomic tools, including high-throughput SNP genotyping ... [more ▼]

Fertility is one of the most important traits in dairy cattle, and has been steadily declining over the last decades. We herein use state-of-the-art genomic tools, including high-throughput SNP genotyping and next-generation sequencing, to identify a 3.3 Kb deletion in the FANCI gene causing the brachyspina syndrome (BS), a rare recessive genetic defect in Holstein dairy cattle. We determine that despite the very low incidence of BS (<1/100,000), carrier frequency is as high as 7.4% in the Holstein breed. We demonstrate that this apparent discrepancy is likely due to the fact that a large proportion of homozygous mutant calves die during pregnancy. We postulate that several other embryonic lethals may segregate in livestock and significantly compromise fertility, and propose a genotype-driven screening strategy to detect the corresponding deleterious mutations. [less ▲]

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See detailA Deletion in the Bovine Myostatin Gene Causes the Double-Muscled Phenotype in Cattle
Grobet, L.; Martin, L. J.; Poncelet, D. et al

in Nature Genetics (1997), 17(1), 71-74

An exceptional muscle development commonly referred to as 'double-muscled' (Fig. 1) has been seen in several cattle breeds and has attracted considerable attention from beef producers. Double-muscled ... [more ▼]

An exceptional muscle development commonly referred to as 'double-muscled' (Fig. 1) has been seen in several cattle breeds and has attracted considerable attention from beef producers. Double-muscled animals are characterized by an increase in muscle mass of about 20%, due to general skeletal-muscle hyperplasia-that is, an increase in the number of muscle fibers rather than in their individual diameter. Although the hereditary nature of the double-muscled condition was recognized early on, the precise mode of inheritance has remained controversial; monogenic (domainant and recessive), oligogenic and polygenic models have been proposed. In the Belgian Blue cattle breed (BBCB), segregation analysis performed both in experimental crosses and in the outbred population suggested an autosomal recessive inheritance. This was confirmed when the muscular hypertrophy (mh) locus was mapped 3.1 cM from microsatellite TGLA44 on the centromeric end of bovine chromosome 2 (ref. 5). We used a positional candidate approach to demonstrate that a mutation in bovine MSTN, which encodes myostatin, a member of the TGF beta superfamily, is responsible for the double-muscled phenotype. We report an 11-bp deletion in the coding sequence for the bioactive carboxy-terminal domain of the protein causing the muscular hypertrophy observed in Belgian Blue cattle. [less ▲]

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See detailDeletion of a cyclic AMP receptor protein homologue diminishes germination and affects morphological development of Streptomyces coelicolor
Derouaux, Adeline ULg; Halici, S.; Nothaft, H. et al

in Journal of Bacteriology (2004), 186(6), 1893-1897

Open reading frame SCO3571 of Streptomyces coelicolor encodes a protein of the cyclic AMP (cAMP) receptor protein (CRP) superfamily of regulatory proteins. A mutant revealed a dramatic defect in ... [more ▼]

Open reading frame SCO3571 of Streptomyces coelicolor encodes a protein of the cyclic AMP (cAMP) receptor protein (CRP) superfamily of regulatory proteins. A mutant revealed a dramatic defect in germination, followed by growth delay and earlier sporulation. This phenotype correlates with those of an adenylate cyclase (cya) mutant that cannot synthesize cAMP. This finding suggests that S. coelicolor may use a Cya-cAMP-CRP system to trigger complex physiological processes such as morphogenesis. [less ▲]

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