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See detailComparative influence of burial depth on the clay mineral assemblage of the Agadir-Essaouira basin (western High Atlas, Morocco)
Daoudi, Lachen; Ouajhain, B.; Rocha, F. et al

in Clay Minerals (2010), 45(4), 453-467

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See detailComparative Interactome of HIV-1 Tat and Human T Lymphotropic Virus Type-1 Tax and the Cellular Transcriptional Machinery.
Vandermeulen, Charlotte; Hajingabo, Leon-Juvenal; Twizere, Jean-Claude ULg

in AIDS research and human retroviruses (2015), 31(12), 1204-5

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See detailComparative intradermal tuberculin test in dairy cattle in the north of Ecuador and risk factors associated with bovine tuberculosis
Proano-Perez, F.; Benitez-Ortiz, Washington; Celi-Erazo, M. et al

in American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (The) (2009), 81(6), 1103-1109

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See detailA Comparative Investigation of Contraceptive Reliability, Cycle Control and Tolerance of Two Monophasic Oral Contraceptives Containing Either Drospirenone or Desogestrel
Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg; Wuttke, W.; Bouw, G. M. et al

in European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care : The Official Journal of the European Society of Contraception (2000), 5(2), 124-34

OBJECTIVE: To assess the contraceptive reliability, cycle control and tolerance of a new monophasic oral contraceptive (Yasmin) containing 30 microg ethinylestradiol and 3 mg drospirenone and compare it ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To assess the contraceptive reliability, cycle control and tolerance of a new monophasic oral contraceptive (Yasmin) containing 30 microg ethinylestradiol and 3 mg drospirenone and compare it with a preparation containing an equal dose of ethinylestradiol combined with 150 microg desogestrel (Marvelon). METHODS: A multicenter, open-label, randomized study was carried out in 26 European centers. Contraceptive efficacy, cycle control and tolerance (including body weight, blood pressure and heart rate) were assessed over 26 cycles, plus a 3-month follow-up period. RESULTS: Of 900 women who were randomized, 887 started treatment and 627 completed the 26 cycles plus follow-up (310 in the ethinylestradiol/drospirenone group and 317 in the ethinylestradiol/desogestrel group). Both study preparations were found to be effective with regard to contraceptive reliability and cycle control was good. There were six pregnancies (three in each group), but none were considered to have been the result of method failures. The subjective and objective tolerances were good in both groups. A statistically significant difference was found in body weight changes between the two groups. While there was an increase in mean body weight in the ethinylestradiol/desogestrel group from cycle 5 onward, the mean body weight per cycle in the ethinylestradiol/drospirenone group was slightly below the baseline value throughout the study. The incidence ofpremenstrual symptoms was higher in the ethinylestradiol/drospirenone group than in the ethinylestradiol/desogestrel group during the 6 months prior to the study, but lower during treatment. The rates ofdysmenorrhea were identical under both treatments but the symptoms were more often mild and less often severe in the ethinylestradiol/drospirenone group. CONCLUSION: The combination of 30 microg ethinylestradiol combined with 3 mg drospirenone provides effective oral contraception and good cycle control, and is well tolerated. Ethinylestradiol/drospirenone had a more favorable effect on body weight than ethinylestradiol/desogestrel, with the mean body weight remaining lower than baseline for the majority of the women. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative joint imaging in smalls animals
van bree; Gielen; Van Rijssen et al

Conference (2001, October 25)

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See detailComparative long-term effects of coronary artery bypass graft surgery and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty on regional coronary flow reserve.
Bates, E. R.; Aueron, F. M.; Legrand, Victor ULg et al

in Circulation (1985), 72(4), 833-9

To evaluate the relative long-term improvement in coronary artery hemodynamics after revascularization by coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty ... [more ▼]

To evaluate the relative long-term improvement in coronary artery hemodynamics after revascularization by coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), regional coronary flow reserve (CFR) was measured, by digital computer analysis of 35 mm cine film, in 50 men undergoing cardiac catheterization. CFR (mean +/- SEM) in 12 atherosclerotic arteries before revascularization was 1.02 +/- 0.05. Mean CFR in 29 normal arteries of men with normal coronary arteriograms was significantly higher (2.59 +/- 0.11) than that in 16 atherosclerotic arteries of patients revascularized by CABG (2.02 +/- 0.17, p less than .01) or in 14 atherosclerotic arteries of those revascularized by PTCA (1.97 +/- 0.12, p less than .01). No difference in CFR between the CABG and PTCA groups was found and variables known to influence CFR were similar between groups. Equivalent and significant long-term improvement in coronary artery hemodynamics is provided by CABG or PTCA. We postulate that the difference in CFR in the men with normal arteries and those who underwent revascularization was related to the effects of the general atherosclerotic process, which remain despite successful treatment by these techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative magnetotail flapping: An overview of selectec events ad Earth, Jupiter and Saturn
Volwerk, M.; Andre, N.; Arridge, C. et al

in Annales Geophysicae (2013)

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See detailComparative magnetotail flapping: Overview of observations at Earth, Jupiter and Saturn
Volwerk, M.; Andre, N.; Arridge, C. et al

Conference (2011)

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See detailComparative Measures of Technical Efficiency for 500 French SCOP
Defourny, Jacques ULg

in Jones, Derek C.; Svejnar, Jan (Eds.) Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Labor-Managed Firms (1992)

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See detailComparative modals (Dis)similar diachronic tendencies
Van linden, An ULg

in Functions of Language (2015), 22(2), 192-231

This article examines modal expressions with the comparative adverbs better, rather and sooner in American English, and assesses to what extent they have grammaticalized. The corpus data offer evidence ... [more ▼]

This article examines modal expressions with the comparative adverbs better, rather and sooner in American English, and assesses to what extent they have grammaticalized. The corpus data offer evidence that the three comparative modal groups exhibit considerable phonetic reduction in the 1810-2009 period studied. Analysis of several aspects of the constructions, such as subject types, temporal reference and comparative meaning, reveals which conditions promoted this erosion. However, the data also indicate that the three groups are semantically and constructionally quite heterogeneous. In fact, this article proposes a grammaticalization scenario for the rather and sooner structures that is different from the one posited for the better structures. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative morphological studies on some species of the genus Fumaria
Paltinean, Ramona; Wauters, Jean-Noël ULg; Tits, Monique ULg et al

in Farmacia (2013), 61(2), 371-377

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See detailComparative morphology of cephalic cartilage and statocysts of Mediterranean cephalopods using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Gillet, Amandine ULg; Solé, Marta; Jauniaux, Thierry et al

Conference (2014, December)

Organs responsible for equilibrium of cephalopods, the statocysts, possess numerous similarities with the vestibular systems of vertebrates. The statocysts are embebbed in the cephalic cartilage ... [more ▼]

Organs responsible for equilibrium of cephalopods, the statocysts, possess numerous similarities with the vestibular systems of vertebrates. The statocysts are embebbed in the cephalic cartilage protecting the brain. Although statocysts have been largely described, few studies focused on the cephalic cartilage and its morphology. The aim of this study is to describe the morphology of both statocysts and cartilage, to compare them between different species and to determine which are the parameters influencing their morphology. For species of Decapodiformes (Sepia officinalis, Sepiola rondeletii, Loligo vulgaris and Illex coindetii) and two species of Octopodiformes (Octopus vulgaris and Eledone cirrhosa) have been studied. Cephalic cartilages from these species have been scanned by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and volumes and linear measurements have been taken on the 3 dimension reconstructed models of the cartilages and statocysts. Results show that Octopodiformes possess a globular cartilage which surrounds almost totally the brain. On the other hand Decapodiformes posses a cartilage with bigger lateral and anterior foramens and then surrounds a smaller part of the brain. The morphology of the statocysts also varies between the two superorders. The statocysts of Octopodiformes are divided into two parts: endolymph and perilymph while those of Decapodiformes aren’t. These morphological variations between the two groups might be related to their ecology. Eledone cirrhosa and Octopus vulgaris are typically benthic species and then might receive shocks more often than Decapodiformes that possess a more pelagic lifestyle. Octopodiformes might then need a better protection for their brain than Decapodiformes. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative Morphometric Study of Eruptive Puva-Induced and Chronic Sun-Induced Lentigines of the Skin
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Ben Mosbah, T.; Pierard-Franchimont, Claudine ULg et al

in Analytical and Quantitative Cytology and Histology (1991), 13(1), 23-26

Computerized image analysis was used to compare lentigines (brown freckle-like cutaneous spots) induced by treatment with psoralens and ultraviolet light A (PUVA-induced lentigines) with those induced by ... [more ▼]

Computerized image analysis was used to compare lentigines (brown freckle-like cutaneous spots) induced by treatment with psoralens and ultraviolet light A (PUVA-induced lentigines) with those induced by solar exposure (actinic lentigines). For these conditions, which appear to be distinctive clinically and histologically, the number, size and shape of the macules were analyzed, revealing significant differences in the two latter parameters. This indicates that UV irradiations of different wave lengths act differently on melanocytes and/or on the interrelation between melanocytes and keratinocytes. The overall effect is much more self-limited in PUVA lentigines than in actinic lentigines, suggesting that the pathophysiology of these lesions is probably different. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative Nationality Law - Selected Questions (2012)
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

Learning material (2012)

These slides were used as support for a course taught in English (in 2012) which provides an overview of the major questions arising in the field of nationality law. The course focuses on acquisition and ... [more ▼]

These slides were used as support for a course taught in English (in 2012) which provides an overview of the major questions arising in the field of nationality law. The course focuses on acquisition and loss of nationality and touches upon other issues such as multiple nationalities and the influence of the European construction on nationality law. All these questions are studied using comparative materials (mainly from Western Europe) as basis. Reference is also made to the European Convention on Nationality (1997) as well as to other relevant international instruments dealing with nationality law. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative Nationality Law - Selected Questions (2014)
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

Learning material (2013)

This collection of ppt presentation was used as support for a course taught in English (in 2013) which provides an overview of the major questions arising in the field of nationality law. The course ... [more ▼]

This collection of ppt presentation was used as support for a course taught in English (in 2013) which provides an overview of the major questions arising in the field of nationality law. The course focuses on acquisition and loss of nationality and touches upon other issues such as multiple nationalities and the influence of the European construction on nationality law. All these questions are studied using comparative materials (mainly from Western Europe) as basis. Reference is also made to the European Convention on Nationality (1997) as well as to other relevant international instruments dealing with nationality law. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative ontogeny, processing, and segmental distribution of the renal chloride channel, ClC-5.
JOURET, François ULg; Igarashi, Takashi; Gofflot, Francoise et al

in Kidney International (2004), 65(1), 198-208

BACKGROUND: The renal chloride channel ClC-5, which is responsible for Dent's disease, is coexpressed with the vacuolar H+-ATPase in proximal tubules (PT) and alpha-type intercalated cells (IC) of the ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The renal chloride channel ClC-5, which is responsible for Dent's disease, is coexpressed with the vacuolar H+-ATPase in proximal tubules (PT) and alpha-type intercalated cells (IC) of the mature kidney. Neonatal cases of Dent's disease suggest that ClC-5 distribution must be acquired before birth. However, the ontogeny of ClC-5, and its processing and segmental distribution with respect to related proteins during nephrogenesis remain unknown. METHODS: Immunoblotting, real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), immunostaining, and deglycosylation studies were used to investigate the expression, distribution, and maturation of ClC-5 during mouse and human nephrogenesis, in comparison with H+-ATPase, type II carbonic anhydrase (CAII), and aquaporin-1 (AQP1). RESULTS: An early induction (E13.5-E14.5) of ClC-5 was observed in mouse kidney, with persistence at high levels through late nephrogenesis. This pattern contrasted with the progressive expression of H+-ATPase and AQP1, and the postnatal upregulation of CAII. Immunostaining showed expression of ClC-5 in ureteric buds and, from E14.5, its location in developing PT. From E15.5, ClC-5 codistributed with H+-ATPase in PT cells and alpha-type IC. In the human kidney, ClC-5 was detected from 12 gestation weeks; its distribution was similar to that observed in mouse, except for a later detection in IC. Although mouse and human ClC-5 proteins are glycosylated, biochemical differences between fetal and adult proteins were observed in both species. CONCLUSION: The segmental expression of ClC-5 and H+-ATPase is essentially achieved during early nephrogenesis, in parallel with the onset of glomerular filtration. These data give insight into PT and IC maturation, and explain early phenotypic variants of Dent's disease. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative Pathogenesis of Acute and Latent Infections of Calves with Bovine Herpesvirus Types 1 and 5
Meyer, Gilles; Lemaire, Mylène; Ros, C. et al

in Archives of Virology (2001), 146(4), 633-52

This study was conducted to compare the pathogenesis of acute and latent infections with closely related bovine herpesvirus types 1 (BHV-1) and 5 (BHV-5) in their natural host. Two groups of eight calves ... [more ▼]

This study was conducted to compare the pathogenesis of acute and latent infections with closely related bovine herpesvirus types 1 (BHV-1) and 5 (BHV-5) in their natural host. Two groups of eight calves were inoculated intranasally with BHV-1 or BHV-5. Although BHV-1 and BHV-5 similarly replicate in the nasal mucosa after inoculation, both viruses differ markedly in their ability to cause disease, BHV-5 being responsible of some fatal encephalitis while BHV-1 inducing rhinotracheitis. Virus isolation and immunohistochemistry demonstrated that BHV-5 replicates extensively in neurons of the central nervous system (CNS) and in respiratory cells of lungs, tracheal and nasal mucosae. Invasion of the CNS likely occurs through the trigeminal and olfactory pathways. Both groups developed cross-neutralising antibodies during this experiment suggesting partial clinical cross-protection afforded by the two infections. Three months after primary infection, experimental reactivation showed that BHV-5 was able to establish latency in the trigeminal ganglia but also the CNS of surviving calves. Moreover, laboratory findings suggested that BHV-5 could also persist in the tracheal and nasal mucosae. These results indicate that, after primary infection, BHV-1 and BHV-5 displayed similar biological features and consequently need to be considered together for the control of BHV-1 infection. [less ▲]

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