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See detailDeficiency of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) impairs nutritionally induced obesity in mice.
Lijnen, Roger; Demeulemeester, Diego; Van Hoef, B. et al

in Thrombosis and Haemostasis (2003), 89(2), 249-255

Tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 deficient (TIMP-1(-/-)) mice and wild-type (TIMP-1(+/+)) controls were kept on a standard (SFD) or a high fat diet (HFD) for 15 weeks. At the time of ... [more ▼]

Tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 deficient (TIMP-1(-/-)) mice and wild-type (TIMP-1(+/+)) controls were kept on a standard (SFD) or a high fat diet (HFD) for 15 weeks. At the time of sacrifice, TIMP-1(-/-) mice on HFD had a significantly lower body weight (29 +/- 1.5 versus 41 +/- 1.8 g, p <0.005), and significantly less subcutaneous (0.81 +/- 0.19 versus 1.78 +/- 0.21 g, p <0.05) and gonadal (0.87 +/- 0.17 versus 1.85 +/- 0.18 g, p <0.005) fat mass. These differences were much less pronounced for mice on SFD. On HFD but not on SFD, adipocyte diameters were significantly lower in the adipose tissue of TIMP-1(-/-) mice. Plasma leptin levels in TIMP-1(-/-) mice on HFD were significantly lower as compared to TIMP-1(+/-) mice, and strongly correlated with adipose tissue mass for both genotypes. Staining with an endothelial cell specific lectin revealed a significantly higher blood vessel density, larger stained area and vessel size in adipose tissue of TIMP-1(-/-) mice on HFD. This difference disappeared after normalization to the adipocyte number, suggesting that it does not represent a true enhancement of angiogenesis. Thus, in a murine model of nutritionally induced obesity, TIMP-1 promotes adipose tissue development. [less ▲]

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See detailDeficiency or inhibition of oxygen sensor Phd1 induces hypoxia tolerance by reprogramming basal metabolism.
Aragones, Julian; Schneider, Martin; Van Geyte, Katie et al

in Nature Genetics (2008), 40

HIF prolyl hydroxylases (PHD1-3) are oxygen sensors that regulate the stability of the hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) in an oxygen-dependent manner. Here, we show that loss of Phd1 lowers oxygen ... [more ▼]

HIF prolyl hydroxylases (PHD1-3) are oxygen sensors that regulate the stability of the hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) in an oxygen-dependent manner. Here, we show that loss of Phd1 lowers oxygen consumption in skeletal muscle by reprogramming glucose metabolism from oxidative to more anaerobic ATP production through activation of a Pparalpha pathway. This metabolic adaptation to oxygen conservation impairs oxidative muscle performance in healthy conditions, but it provides acute protection of myofibers against lethal ischemia. Hypoxia tolerance is not due to HIF-dependent angiogenesis, erythropoiesis or vasodilation, but rather to reduced generation of oxidative stress, which allows Phd1-deficient myofibers to preserve mitochondrial respiration. Hypoxia tolerance relies primarily on Hif-2alpha and was not observed in heterozygous Phd2-deficient or homozygous Phd3-deficient mice. Of medical importance, conditional knockdown of Phd1 also rapidly induces hypoxia tolerance. These findings delineate a new role of Phd1 in hypoxia tolerance and offer new treatment perspectives for disorders characterized by oxidative stress. [less ▲]

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See detailDeficient Habituation of Evoked Cortical Potentials in Migraine: A Link between Brain Biology, Behavior and Trigeminovascular Activation?
Schoenen, Jean ULg

in Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy (1996), 50(2), 71-8

According to recent evoked potential studies, a fundamental, probably protective, feature of cortical information processing, ie, response habituation during stimulus repetition, is abnormal in migraine ... [more ▼]

According to recent evoked potential studies, a fundamental, probably protective, feature of cortical information processing, ie, response habituation during stimulus repetition, is abnormal in migraine between attacks. The deficient habituation is found for different sensory modalities and experimental paradigms: pattern-reversal visual evoked potentials (same stimulus at a constant intensity), cortical auditory evoked potentials (same stimulus at increasing intensities) and auditory event-related potentials obtained in a passive "oddball" paradigm (novel stimulus). The abnormal information processing is an interictal cortical dysfunction most likely due to inadequate control by the so-called "state-setting, chemically-addressed pathways" originating in the brain stem, in particular by the serotonergic pathway, leading to a low preactivation level of sensory cortices. We suggest that it may play a pivotal role in migraine pathogenesis in conjunction with the reported decrease of brain mitochondrial energy reserve, by favouring a rupture of metabolic homeostasis and biochemical shifts capable of activating the trigeminovascular system and thus capable of producing a migraine attack. We postulate that both the deficient habituation in information processing and the deranged oxygen metabolism may have behavioral correlates. Which of these abnormalities are inherited, acquired or both remains to be determined. [less ▲]

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See detailDeficient host-bacteria interactions in inflammatory bowel disease? The toll-like receptor (TLR)-4 Asp299gly polymorphism is associated with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis
Franchimont, D.; Vermeire, S.; El Housni, H. et al

in Gut (2004), 53(7), 987-992

Background and aims: Elicitation of an innate immune response to bacterial products is mediated through pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) such as the toll-like receptors (TLRs) and the NODs. The ... [more ▼]

Background and aims: Elicitation of an innate immune response to bacterial products is mediated through pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) such as the toll-like receptors (TLRs) and the NODs. The recently characterised Asp299Gly polymorphism in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) receptor TLR4 is associated with impaired LPS signalling and increased susceptibility to Gram negative infections. We sought to determine whether this polymorphism was associated with Crohn's disease ( CD) and/or ulcerative colitis (UC). Methods: Allele frequencies of the TLR4 Asp299Gly polymorphism and the three NOD2/CARD15 polymorphisms (Arg702Trp, Gly908Arg, and Leu1007fsinsC) were assessed in two independent cohorts of CD patients ( cohort 1, n = 334; cohort 2, n = 114), in 163 UC patients, and in 140 controls. A transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) was then performed on 318 inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) trios. Results: The allele frequency of the TLR4 Asp299Gly polymorphism was significantly higher in CD ( cohort 1: 11% v 5%, odds ratio ( OR) 2.31 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.28 - 4.17), p = 0.004; and cohort 2: 12% v 5%, OR 2.45 ( 95% CI 1.24 - 4.81), p = 0.007) and UC patients (10% v 5%, OR 2.05 ( 95% CI 1.07 3.93), p = 0.027) compared with the control population. A TDT on 318 IBD trios demonstrated preferential transmission of the TLR4 Asp299Gly polymorphism from heterozygous parents to affected children (T/U: 68/34, p = 0.01). Carrying polymorphisms in both TLR4 and NOD2 was associated with a genotype relative risk (RR) of 4.7 compared with a RR of 2.6 and 2.5 for TLR4 and NOD2 variants separately. Conclusion: We have reported on a novel association of the TLR4 Asp299Gly polymorphism with both CD and UC. This finding further supports the genetic influence of PRRs in triggering IBD. [less ▲]

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See detailDeficient splines and wavelets
Bastin, Françoise ULg

in Revista Ciencas Matematicas (Universidad de la Habana) (2005)

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See detailDeficient splines wavelets
Bastin, Françoise ULg; Laubin, P.; Kerner, R. et al

in Group 24 : Physical And Mathematical Aspects Of Symmetries (2003), 173

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See detailDeficient splines wavelets
Bastin, Françoise ULg; Laubin, P.

in Group 24 : Physical and Mathematical Aspects of Symmetries (2003)

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See detailDéficit budgétaire et épargne nationale
Pestieau, Pierre ULg; Perelman, Sergio ULg

in Cahiers Economiques de Bruxelles (1983), (97), 194-207

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See detailDéficit de mémoire autobiographique chez des patients Etat-limite
Smets, Virginie; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2009, March)

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See detailDéficit de mémoire autobiographique chez des personnes souffrant de troubles bipolaires
Lejeune, Aurélie; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2009, March)

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See detailLe deficit en alpha-1 antitrypsine. Une indication de transplantation hepatique pediatrique
De Roover, Arnaud ULg; Detry, Olivier ULg; Honore, Pierre ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(11), 753-8

Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency is the most common inborn error of metabolism leading to liver transplantation, and the second cause of liver transplantation in children after biliary atresia. The authors ... [more ▼]

Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency is the most common inborn error of metabolism leading to liver transplantation, and the second cause of liver transplantation in children after biliary atresia. The authors report the case of a 6-year-old girl, who was suffering from end-stage liver disease secondary to alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency. She was successfully treated by whole liver transplantation, the hepatic graft coming from a 3-year-old donor. Three months later she went back to school. The authors discuss the pathogenesis and the natural history of this frequent cause of liver transplantation in children. [less ▲]

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See detailDéficit en vitamine D chez l'homme âgé vivant à domicile ou en institution en milieu urbain
Bouüaert, Corine ULg; Vanmeerbeek, Marc ULg; Burette, Philippe ULg et al

in Presse Médicale (2008), 37(2, Pt 1), 191-200

OBJECTIVES: Many studies report severe vitamin D deficiency in the elderly and its involvement in various health problems (not limited to bone metabolism disorders). Most papers concern elderly women ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: Many studies report severe vitamin D deficiency in the elderly and its involvement in various health problems (not limited to bone metabolism disorders). Most papers concern elderly women, however, and little is known about this problem among elderly men. This study focused on vitamin D deficiency in elderly men living in urban areas, whether at home or in an institution. METHODS: Between December 2005 and June 2006, we randomly recruited from general practices 336 men aged 65 years or more, living either at home or in institutions for the elderly. The variables studied were: age, residence (home or institution), fall and fracture history, independence (Katz), mobility (TUG), balance, outdoor walking, blood 25-OH-D level, glomerular filtration rate (MDRD) and PINI index. RESULTS: Of the 336 men, 45 (13%) were excluded because they were already receiving vitamin D treatment. The study thus included 291 patients, 174 community-dwelling and 117 institutionalized. The latter were significantly older and had less independence. Their 25-OH-D levels were also significantly lower than for community-dwelling subjects. The prevalence of severe vitamin D deficiency (25-OH-D < 12 ng/mL) was 79% among men in institutions and 57% among those living in the community (p<0.0001), and for mild and moderate vitamin D deficiency (12-32 ng/mL), 21% and 42%, respectively. Overall, only 2 men, both living at home, had normal vitamin D levels (25-OH-D > or = 32 ng/mL). In institutions, factors predictive of severe deficiency were TUG > or = 30s, walking distance < or = 100 m and lack of outdoor walking. Among the men living at home, none of the variables studied was associated with severe vitamin D deficiency. DISCUSSION: Potential biases of the study are discussed. Seasonal variations of vitamin D levels were small and comparable in both groups. The study confirms the high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in elderly men. These results could probably be extended to other European cities with similar characteristics. The problem of interpreting 25-OH-D results with respect to current laboratory norms for defining severe or moderate vitamin D deficiency (12 and 32 ng/mL, respectively) is also discussed. CONCLUSION: Vitamin D deficiency is widespread and severe in elderly men, especially those living in institutions. Moderate to severe deficiency is also frequent among men living at home. Vitamin D supplementation should be routinely prescribed in institutions for the elderly and probably also to any individual over 65 years. Laboratory norms should be harmonized and consistent with recent medical evidence. [less ▲]

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See detailDéficit en vitamine D chez les femmes françaises ostéoporotiques et ostéopéniques
DeCock, Caroline; Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Collette, Julien ULg et al

in Revue du Rhumatisme (2008), 75

Objectif. – Des études antérieures ont démontré qu’un faible taux sanguin de vitamineD peut entraîner un hyperparathyroïdisme secondaire, qui augmente la fragilité osseuse et, de ce fait, le risque de ... [more ▼]

Objectif. – Des études antérieures ont démontré qu’un faible taux sanguin de vitamineD peut entraîner un hyperparathyroïdisme secondaire, qui augmente la fragilité osseuse et, de ce fait, le risque de fractures, particulièrement chez les sujets âgés de plus de 50 ans. Le but de ce travail est d’évaluer le niveau d’insuffisance en vitamine D chez les femmes franc¸aises ménopausées. Méthodes. – Nous avons mesuré la vitamine D (25OHD) sérique chez 1292 femmes franc¸aises ménopausées ostéoporotiques ou ostéopéniques, âgées de 52 à 94 ans. Dans cette population, 26,5% des patientes consommaient un complément de vitamine D. Quatre valeurs seuil de 25OHD ont été retenues sur base des données de la littérature : 30, 50, 75 et 80 nmol/l (< 12, < 20, < 30 ou < 32 ng/ml). Résultats. – Le taux sérique moyen de 25OHD était de 51,54±26,14 nmol/l [∼20,62 (∼10,46) ng/ml]. Trois cent quarante-trois patientes recevaient une supplémentation en vitamine D, associée ou non à du calcium. Celles-ci présentaient une concentration sérique moyenne de 25OHD supérieure à celle des non-consommatrices [65,09 nmol/l (∼26,04 ng/ml) versus 46,63 nmol/l (∼18, 65 ng/ml) ; p < 0,001]. Chez les patientes non supplémentées en vitamine D, le taux de prévalence de l’insuffisance en vitamineD était de 27,3 ; 54,1 ; 89,9 et 93,2% selon qu’on utilisait les seuils de 30, 50, 75 ou 80 nmol/l (∼12, 20, 30 ou 32 ng/ml). Le niveau moyen de 25OHD variait également suivant la saison au cours de laquelle la mesure avait été effectuée (p < 0,001). Ainsi, la valeur moyenne la plus élevée a été observée en été [53,41 (18,79) nmol/l (∼21,36 (7,52) ng/ml)]. Conclusion. – Cette étude met en évidence une prévalence élevée de l’insuffisance en vitamineD chez les femmes franc¸aises ménopausées ostéoporotiques ou ostéopéniques. [less ▲]

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See detailDeficit in decoding emotional facial expression in Parkinson's disease
Dujardin, K.; Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Duhem, S. et al

in Neuropsychologia (2004), 42

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See detailLes déficits d’inhibition : vieillissement normal et pathologique
Collette, Fabienne ULg

Scientific conference (2008, October 24)

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See detailDéficits d’inhibition dans le vieillissement normal et la maladie d’Alzheimer : conséquences de l’atteinte de processus distincts
Collette, Fabienne ULg

in Proceedings de la Société Française de Psychologie "cognition, émotion et société" (2010)

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See detailDéficits d’inhibition dans le vieillissement normal et la maladie d’Alzheimer: pas d’atteinte spécifique aux niveaux de traitement perceptif ou moteur
Stawarczyk, David ULg; Grandjean, Julien ULg; Salmon, Eric ULg et al

Poster (2010, September 24)

Introduction. Une diminution des capacités d’inhibition est fréquemment observée dans le vieillissement normal et la maladie d’Alzheimer. Toutefois, peu d’études ont exploré la généralité de ces déficits ... [more ▼]

Introduction. Une diminution des capacités d’inhibition est fréquemment observée dans le vieillissement normal et la maladie d’Alzheimer. Toutefois, peu d’études ont exploré la généralité de ces déficits au sein d’un groupe unique de participants. Objectif. Déterminer si les déficits d’inhibition présents dans le vieillissement normal et la maladie d’Alzheimer sont en accord avec la distinction entre inhibition perceptive et inhibition motrice proposée par Dempster et Corkill (1999). Méthode. Nous avons administré une large batterie d’épreuves d’inhibition à un groupe de participants jeunes, de participants âgés sains et de patients souffrant de maladie d’Alzheimer. L’inhibition perceptive a été évaluée au moyen des épreuves de Stroop et de priming négatif, de la tâche des ailiers et d’une tâche de résolution de conflit perceptif ; l’inhibition motrice a quant à elle été évaluée au moyen de tâches de go/no-go, de stop-signal, d’antisaccade et de résolution de conflit moteur. Résultats. Les résultats obtenus indiquent la présence d’un pattern mixte de déficits, incluant à la fois des épreuves d’inhibition motrice et d’inhibition perceptive, aussi bien chez les sujets âgés sains que chez les patients souffrant de la maladie d’Alzheimer. Des différences qualitatives de performance ont également été observées entre les deux groupes de sujets âgés. Discussion. Nos résultats ne sont pas en la faveur d’une distinction entre inhibition motrice et perceptive. Les déficits d’inhibition observés dans le vieillissement normal peuvent être interprétés dans le sens d’une diminution générale des ressources de traitement tandis que les déficits des patients Alzheimer peuvent être attribués à une capacité réduite de résistance à l’interférence provenant d’informations non pertinentes dans l’environnement externe de la personne. La présence de différences qualitatives de performance entre les deux groupes de sujets âgés semble indiquer que la maladie d’Alzheimer ne consiste pas en une simple accentuation des difficultés déjà observées lors du vieillissement normal. [less ▲]

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