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See detailDefining a "reference population": no easy task.
Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Delanaye, Pierre ULg

in Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (2009), 24(9), 1638

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (8 ULg)
See detailDefining a framework of indicators to measure the social outcomes of learning.
Mainguet, Christine; Baye, Ariane ULg

in Desjardins, R.; Schuller, T. (Eds.) Measuring the Effects of Education on Health and Civic Engagement. Proceedings of the Copenhagen Symposium (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (2 ULg)
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See detailDefining additional stratigraphy in paleosismic trenches by 2D logging of magnetic susceptibility. A paleoseismic investigation near Lake Ladik, North Anatolian Fault, Turkey.
Fraser, J; Hubert, Aurelia ULg; Vanneste, K. et al

in EOS : Transactions, American Geophysical Union (2008, December), 89(53)(Fall Meet. Suppl.), 21-1942

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (2 ULg)
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See detailDefining multiplication for polynomials over a finite field.
Rigo, Michel ULg; Waxweiler, Laurent

E-print/Working paper (2011)

Let $P$ and $Q$ be two non-zero multiplicatively independent polynomials with coefficients in a finite field $\mathbb{F}$. Adapting a result of R.~Villemaire, we show that multiplication of polynomials is ... [more ▼]

Let $P$ and $Q$ be two non-zero multiplicatively independent polynomials with coefficients in a finite field $\mathbb{F}$. Adapting a result of R.~Villemaire, we show that multiplication of polynomials is a ternary relation $\{(A,B,C)\in\mathbb{F}[X]\mid A.B=C\}$ definable by a first-order formula in a suitable structure containing both functions $V_P$ and $V_Q$ where $V_A(B)$ is defined as the greatest power of $A$ dividing $B$. Such a result has to be considered in the context of a possible analogue of Cobham's theorem for sets of polynomials whose $P$-expansions are recognized by some finite automaton. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (4 ULg)
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See detailDefining obesity in childhood: current practice.
Guillaume, Michèle ULg

in American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (1999), 70(1), 126-30

A survey of information from 26 countries was performed to examine the methods, cutoff points, and reference materials used to define obesity in childhood and adolescence. The body mass index (in kg/m2 ... [more ▼]

A survey of information from 26 countries was performed to examine the methods, cutoff points, and reference materials used to define obesity in childhood and adolescence. The body mass index (in kg/m2) was used frequently, as well as several other methods. Reference materials used were often based on national surveys, although reference data from other countries were sometimes used. The data presented was often insufficient to judge the representativeness of the reference material. Cutoff points varied considerably. Available data allow neither a meaningful international estimation of the prevalence of obesity nor international comparisons. Although associated with considerable problems, this situation can be improved with an international consensus which, by necessity, will be riddled with uncertainties and compromises. [less ▲]

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See detailDefining optimal brightness temperature simulation adjustment parameters to improve Metop-A/AVHRR SST over the Mediterranean Sea
Tomazic, Igor ULg; Le Borgne, Pierre; Roquete, Hervé

Conference (2013)

Sea surface temperature (SST) multispectral algorithms applied to infrared (IR) radiometer data exhibit regional biases due to the intrinsic inability of the SST algorithm to cope with the vast range of ... [more ▼]

Sea surface temperature (SST) multispectral algorithms applied to infrared (IR) radiometer data exhibit regional biases due to the intrinsic inability of the SST algorithm to cope with the vast range of atmospheric types, mainly influenced by water vapor and temperature profiles. Deriving a SST correction from simulated brightness temperatures (BT), obtained by applying a Radiative Transfer Model (RTM) to Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) atmospheric profiles and first guess SST, is one of the solutions to reduce regional biases. This solution is envisaged in the particular case of Metop-A Advanced Very High resolution (AVHRR) derived SST. Simulated BTs show errors, linked to RTM, atmospheric profiles or guess field errors. We investigated the conditions of adjusting simulated to observed BTs in the particular case of the Mediterranean Sea over almost one year. Our study led to define optimal spatio/temporal averaging parameters of the simulation observation differences, both during day and night and summer and colder season. Each BT adjustment has been evaluated by comparing the corresponding corrected AVHRR SST to the AATSR SST, that we adopted as validation reference. We obtained an optimized result across all defined conditions for a spatial smoothing of 15 deg and a temporal averaging between 3 and 5 days. Specifically, time series analyses showed that a standard deviation based criterion favors spatial smoothing above 10 deg for all temporal averaging, while a bias based criterion favors shorter temporal averaging during daytime (< 5 days) and higher spatial smoothing (>10 deg) for nighttime. This study has shown also the impact of diurnal warming both in deriving BT adjustment and in validation results, leading to more appropriate separate BT adjustment for day and night in areas and seasons of intensive diurnal warming conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailDefining Social Enterprise
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Nyssens, Marthe

in Nyssens, Marthe (Ed.) Social Enterprise, at the Crossroads of Market, Public Policies and Civil Society (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 325 (0 ULg)
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See detailDefining the "city museum". The creation process of a new museum category
Postula, Jean-Louis ULg

Conference (2012, October 25)

As early as the second half of the nineteenth century, some major European cities developed museums to present their history. This movement has grown around the world throughout the twentieth century. The ... [more ▼]

As early as the second half of the nineteenth century, some major European cities developed museums to present their history. This movement has grown around the world throughout the twentieth century. The phenomenon is now more relevant than ever, as evidenced by numerous projects of creation and renovation of such institutions. Nevertheless, it took a long time before this kind of museum began to be considered as part of a specific museum category, with its own characteristics and challenges. It was only in 1993, at the Museum of London, that representatives of museums devoted to the study of cities met for the very first time, in order “to discuss [their] problems, to develop theories and to promote [their] special place in the museum movement worldwide” (Hebditch, Max, Key-note address, in Johnson, Nichola, ed., Reflecting cities. The proceedings of a symposium. London, Museum of London, 1993, p. 1). The expression “city museum” took shape for this occasion, with the creation at the end of the symposium of what can be seen as the ancestor of CAMOC, the International Association of City Museums, which faded in 2005. For almost two decades, the city museum has become the object of study of a large number – almost one per year – of international conferences and collections of articles bringing together academics, but mostly professionals who live and experience the museum every day. Practitioners appear therefore as the main producers of discourse on the city museum. This presentation examines the concept of city museum through its different uses and definitions within the museological literature, between 1993 and 2008. The analysis of these speeches will highlight the fact that there are no unanimously established uses of the expression among the authors. It will also show that, as a museum category, city museum is an object whose identity is still under construction. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (3 ULg)
See detailDéfinir et organiser la mosaïque sociale : les trois ordres dans les Croniques de Jean de Wavrin
Dumont, Jonathan ULg

Scientific conference (2013, October 24)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)
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See detailDéfinir l'économie sociale en Belgique
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg; Marée, Michel ULg

in E-Note (2008), 4

Les différentes définitions de l’économie sociale qui coexistent en Belgique sont soumises à une analyse critique et systématique. Les auteurs identifient ce qui constitue le socle commun des différentes ... [more ▼]

Les différentes définitions de l’économie sociale qui coexistent en Belgique sont soumises à une analyse critique et systématique. Les auteurs identifient ce qui constitue le socle commun des différentes interprétations qu'on peut donner à ce concept et éclairent le débat sur les points de divergence. Ils montrent ensuite que les formes juridiques pressenties pour appartenir à l'économie sociale n'offrent pas une garantie complète de respect des principes qui fondent les définitions de l'économie sociale. Les auteurs concluent que la variabilité dans l'interprétation du concept d'économie sociale et l'insuffisance du critère juridique pour repérer les organisations d'économie sociale ne favorisent pas le développement d'un sentiment d'appartenance à ce troisième secteur. [less ▲]

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See detailDéfinir l'économie sociale en Belgique
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg; Marée, Michel ULg

in E-note (2007), (4),

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 ULg)
See detailDéfinir la jeunesse ? D'un bout à l'autre du monde
Gauthier, Madeleine; Guillaume, Jean-François ULg

Book published by Les Presses de l'Université Laval (1999)

Cet ouvrage réunit des chercheurs d'un bout à l'autre du monde autour d'une même question, l'étude de la jeunesse. De quelle manière faut-il aborder cette période du cycle de vie dont on parle avec ... [more ▼]

Cet ouvrage réunit des chercheurs d'un bout à l'autre du monde autour d'une même question, l'étude de la jeunesse. De quelle manière faut-il aborder cette période du cycle de vie dont on parle avec abondance sans bien savoir comment la définir ? Les mots sont non seulement porteurs de sens, mais servent aussi à orienter l'action. Les notions d'insertion, d'intégration ou de socialisation héritées de la tradition sociologique sont aujourd'hui récupérées dans des politiques où les jeunes se sentent souvent happés. Le statut d'acteurs qu'on leur a reconnu au beau temps de l'action étudiante ne continue-t-il à s'appliquer que dans les sociétés où les jeunes sont majoritaires ? Les sociétés vieillissantes laissent-elles un peu de place aux jeunes pour l'élaboration de stratégies ? Les études qui portent aujourd'hui sur la jeunesse impliquent de démêler les intentions derrière les discours. Dans un contexte de mutation ou de (ré)invention du lien social, le pari à relever n'en est que plus passionnant. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 93 (3 ULg)
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See detailDéfinir le patrimoine culturel immatériel... une gageure ?
Lempereur, Françoise ULg

in Rabaska : Revue d'Ethnologie de l'Amérique Française (2005), 3

In 2004, Bernard Genest and Camille Lapointe published a research paper about the intangible cultural heritage as a social and economical wealth, token of the Quebec Ministery of Culture policy. Françoise ... [more ▼]

In 2004, Bernard Genest and Camille Lapointe published a research paper about the intangible cultural heritage as a social and economical wealth, token of the Quebec Ministery of Culture policy. Françoise Lempereur shows the relevance of this document and analyses it. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (7 ULg)
See detailDéfinir les objectifs de l'éducation
de Landsheere, Gilbert ULg; de Landsheere, Viviane ULg

Book published by Presses Universitaire de France (PUF) - 5ème éd. (1992)

Detailed reference viewed: 115 (0 ULg)
See detailDéfinir les objectifs de l'éducation
de Landsheere, Gilbert ULg

in Actes du Colloque "Etudes superieures... vers quels types d'hommes?" (1977)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
See detailDéfinir les objectifs de l'éducation
de Landsheere, Viviane ULg; de Landsheere, Gilbert ULg

Book published by Thone - 3ème éd. (1978)

Detailed reference viewed: 99 (0 ULg)
See detailDefinir os objectivos da educaçao
de Landsheere, Gilbert ULg; de Landsheere, Viviane ULg

Book published by Moraes Editore - 2ème édition (1977)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 ULg)
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See detailDéfinir, normaliser, enseigner les discours universitaires
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

in Suomela-Salmi, Eija; Dervin, Fred (Eds.) Perspectives interlinguistiques et interculturelles sur le discours académique (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (1 ULg)