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See detailLe commerce de détail à Namur
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULiege

in Namur 1980 (Ed.) Hôtellerie et commerce de détail à Namur (1969)

Study of the structure, location and trade appealing areas of retail in Namur, based on a systematic field survey in April 1967 (1443 points of sale)

Detailed reference viewed: 109 (1 ULiège)
See detailLe commerce de détail à Visé aujourd'hui
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULiege; Coppens, Monique

in Notices visétoises (1987), (21), 117-149

Analysis of the structure and the location of retail trade based on a field survey

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 ULiège)
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See detailCommerce de détail, loisirs et tourisme : vers un renforcement des liens ?
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULiege

in Hommes et Terres du Nord (2001), (2001/2), 90-96

The aim of this article is to analyze the recent evolution of the links between the retail trade and the activities of leisures and tourism. For this purpose, work was organized in three times: initially ... [more ▼]

The aim of this article is to analyze the recent evolution of the links between the retail trade and the activities of leisures and tourism. For this purpose, work was organized in three times: initially, studying of the effects induced on the retail trade by tourism and the leisures; then, analyzing of two new forms of trade (shopping centres and factory outlets malls) which seem today to Induce displacements of leisure and tourism to the same title sometimes as some city centers; then searching for an explanation. For us, the emergence of the places of trade as " entertaining resources " results from increasingly strong convergence on certain places of new waitings of the consumers and the charac-teristics of the offer suggested by the promoters. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 265 (0 ULiège)
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See detailLe commerce de gros à Liège. Permanence et renouveau des localisations
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULiege

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (1981), (16-17), 49-64

This article attempts to discern the problems of location encountered by wholesalers in the urban environment. Based on a survey of the 129 largest wholesale trades of the city of Liège, this study ... [more ▼]

This article attempts to discern the problems of location encountered by wholesalers in the urban environment. Based on a survey of the 129 largest wholesale trades of the city of Liège, this study describes these businesses as well as their spatial distribution. Through the analysis of the motivations and judgments of the locations, it attempts to explain the principal components of an optimal location in the context of today's economy. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (1 ULiège)
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See detailLe commerce des armes: l’impossible certitude
Michel, Quentin ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 84 (12 ULiège)
See detailLe commerce du soja
Burny, Philippe ULiege

Conference (1999)

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (2 ULiège)
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See detailLe commerce électronique : diversité et impact
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULiege

in Desse, René-Paul; Lestrade, Sophie (Eds.) Mutations de l'espace marchand (2016)

En lien avec les textes de la première partie du volume consacrée aux "Nouvelles et technologies et commerce : de nouveaux espaces marchands?", nous nous interrogons, dans ce texte introductif, sur deux ... [more ▼]

En lien avec les textes de la première partie du volume consacrée aux "Nouvelles et technologies et commerce : de nouveaux espaces marchands?", nous nous interrogons, dans ce texte introductif, sur deux points spécifiques : la notion de commerce électronique et les impacts possibles et probables du développement de ce commerce sur les structures spatiales. Parallèlement, nous tentons de définir un certain nombre de mots-clés qui caractérisent les formes nouvelles du commerce associées à cette mutation technologique. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 121 (0 ULiège)
See detailLe commerce électronique: conclusion et preuve du contrat
Biquet, Christine ULiege; Lecocq, Pascale ULiege

in Rapports belges au Congrès de l'Académie internationale de droit comparé à Brisbane (2002)

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (19 ULiège)
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See detailLe commerce équitable : leçons d’expériences
Duquesne, Brigitte ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (26 ULiège)
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See detailLe commerce équitable entre le Vietnam et l’Union européenne : enjeux et perspectives
Duquesne, Brigitte ULiege

in Les cahiers de l'Association Tiers-Monde (2008), 23

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (14 ULiège)
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See detailLe commerce équitable face aux nouveaux défis commerciaux : évolution des dynamiques d'acteurs
Charlier, Sophie; Haynes, Isabelle; Bach, Amandine et al

Report (2006)

Growth of fair trade markets, especially through the big retail companies, confront traditional actors, mainly NGO'S, to new challenges of competition, new market requirements. These dynamics imply ... [more ▼]

Growth of fair trade markets, especially through the big retail companies, confront traditional actors, mainly NGO'S, to new challenges of competition, new market requirements. These dynamics imply redefinition of organising and constitutional norms. The report examines these debates. Through four case studies in southern countries it shows the implications of these debates on southern dynamics and pleads for a new constitution of fair trade. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 549 (12 ULiège)
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See detailCommerce et âges. Les jeunes et les seniors, des acteurs et des cibles privilégiés
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULiege; Wegnez, Léon ULiege

in Gasnier, Arnaud; Lemarchand, Nathalie (Eds.) Le commerce dans tous ses états. Espaces marchands et enjeux de société (2014)

Analysis of the role of age in the purchasing behavior and inclusion of this feature by distributors with focus on young and seniors

Detailed reference viewed: 75 (7 ULiège)
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See detailLe commerce et la ville. Quels enseignements tirés du Congrès Urbanicum 2014
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULiege

in Distribution d'Aujourd'hui (2014), Octobre-Décembre

Short report on the changes of urban commerce. Proposals to better integrate trade into town

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (2 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCommerce et mondialisation. Les logiques d'expansion des firmes
Barata-Salgueiro, Teresa; Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULiege

in Gasnier, Arnaud; Lemarchand, Nathalie (Eds.) Le commerce dans tous ses états. Espaces marchands et enjeux de société (2014)

Analysis of the internationalization of firms in the distribution: process, profile of firms, choice of locations, factors of internationalization and formulas used

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (5 ULiège)
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See detailCommerce et opérateurs immobiliers. Un marché en voie de financiarisation
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULiege; Nappi-Choulet, Ingrid

in Gasnier, Arnaud; Lemarchand, Nathalie (Eds.) Le commerce dans tous ses états. Espaces marchands et enjeux de société (2014)

Short analysis of commercial real estate in its various forms with evidence of recent market financialization

Detailed reference viewed: 96 (0 ULiège)
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See detailLe commerce sensible des biens à double usage : analyses des législations européennes et des États-Unis
Rasson, Frédéric ULiege

Master's dissertation (2009)

L’Union européenne a réglementé le commerce sensible des biens et technologies à double usage. Quelles différences existent entre le système harmonisé européen de contrôle sur les exportations d’articles ... [more ▼]

L’Union européenne a réglementé le commerce sensible des biens et technologies à double usage. Quelles différences existent entre le système harmonisé européen de contrôle sur les exportations d’articles à double usage et le contrôle organisé par les États-Unis ? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 196 (14 ULiège)
See detailCommercial crisis
De Laveleye, Émile ULiege

in Encyclopoedia Americana (1868)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 ULiège)
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See detailCommercial farming of Leiolepis guttata in Binh Thuan province, Vietnam: implications for conservation and management
Rochette, Anne-Julie; Tran, Tinh ULiege; De Martynoff, Abigail et al

in Herpetological Conservation and Biology (2015), 10(1),

Since the first Indochinese war, natural populations of Leiolepis guttata have been hunted for their meat in southeastern Vietnam as a subsistence meal; nowadays, it has become a luxury delicacy ... [more ▼]

Since the first Indochinese war, natural populations of Leiolepis guttata have been hunted for their meat in southeastern Vietnam as a subsistence meal; nowadays, it has become a luxury delicacy. Commercial farms have become established since 2004 because of wild population declines and increasing demand for meat. We interviewed farmers and restaurateurs about the breeding and trade of the species to better understand the impact on wild populations. The results highlight the recent flourishing expansion of farming with rapidly increasing product prices and number of farms, as well as the ease and profitability of this activity. Wild population declines are widely acknowledged by authorities and local communities. Farms are being regarded as conservation pools to offset wild stock depletion, in addition to an important source of income. We discuss the risks associated with this trade development and we emphasize the conservation implications. Demand for lizards as founders for farms and for meat are likely to increase further, but risks exist that the development of new farms would saturate the market causing prices to ultimately fall. Habitat destruction and over-collecting severely reduce wild populations, but the high densities of farmed lizards raise serious genetic and sanitary issues. We suggest that further information should be collected to assess the sustainability of this trade. Priority should be given to the assessment of natural population densities and hunting effort. Biological patterns of this species are poorly documented and sound knowledge would enable better management of farms, and if this species is recognized as endangered could lead restrictions on harvesting of wild populations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (9 ULiège)