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See detailCorrelated responses for litter traits to six generations of selection for ovulation rate or prenatal survival in French Large White pigs.
Rosendo, A.; Druet, Tom ULg; Gogue, J. et al

in Journal of Animal Science (2007), 85(7), 1615-24

Effects of selection for reproductive traits were estimated using data from 3 pig lines derived from the same Large White population base. Two lines were selected for 6 generations on high ovulation rate ... [more ▼]

Effects of selection for reproductive traits were estimated using data from 3 pig lines derived from the same Large White population base. Two lines were selected for 6 generations on high ovulation rate at puberty (OR line) or high prenatal survival corrected for ovulation rate in the first 2 parities (PS line). The third line was an unselected control line. Genetic parameters for age and BW at puberty (AP and WP); number of piglets born alive, weaned, and nurtured (NBA, NW, and NN, respectively); proportions of stillbirth (PSB) and survival from birth to weaning (PSW); litter and average piglet BW at birth (LWB and AWB), at 21 d (LW21 and AW21), and at weaning (LWW and AWW) were estimated using REML methodology. Heritability estimates were 0.38 +/- 0.03, 0.46 +/- 0.03, 0.16 +/- 0.01, 0.08 +/- 0.01, 0.09 +/- 0.01, 0.04 +/- 0.01, 0.04 +/- 0.02, 0.19 +/- 0.02, 0.10 +/- 0.02, 0.10 +/- 0.02, 0.36 +/- 0.02, 0.27 +/- 0.01, and 0.24 +/- 0.01 for AP, WP, NBA, PSB, NW, NN, PSW, LWB, LW21, LWW, AWB, AW21, and AWW, respectively. The measures of litter size showed strong genetic correlations (r(a) >/= 0.95) and had antagonistic relations with PSB (r(a) = -0.59 to -0.75) and average piglet BW (r(a) = -0.19 to -0.46). They also had strong positive genetic correlations with prenatal survival (r(a) = 0.67 to 0.78) and moderate ones with ovulation rate (r(a) = 0.36 to 0.42). Correlations of litter size with PSW were negative at birth but positive at weaning. The OR and PS lines were negatively related to PSW and average piglet BW. Puberty traits had positive genetic correlations with OR and negative ones with PS. Genetic trends were estimated by computing differences between OR or PS and control lines at each generation using least squares and mixed model methodologies. Average genetic trends were computed by regressing line differences on generation number. Significant (P < 0.05) average genetic trends were obtained in OR and PS lines for AP (respectively, 2.1 +/- 0.9 and 3.2 +/- 1.0 d/generation) and WP (respectively, 2.0 +/- 0.5 and 1.8 +/- 0.5 d/generation) and in the PS line for NBA (0.22 +/- 0.10 piglet/generation). Tendencies (P < 0.10) were also observed for LWB (0.21 +/- 0.12 kg/generation) and AWW (-0.25 +/- 0.14 kg/generation) in the PS line. Selection on components of litter size can be used to improve litter size at birth, but result in undesirable trends for preweaning survival. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelated responses of pre- and postweaning growth and backfat thickness to six generations of selection for ovulation rate or prenatal survival in French Large White pigs.
Rosendo, A.; Canario, L.; Druet, Tom ULg et al

in Journal of Animal Science (2007), 85(12), 3209-17

Correlated effects of selection for components of litter size on growth and backfat thickness were estimated using data from 3 pig lines derived from the same base population of Large White. Two lines ... [more ▼]

Correlated effects of selection for components of litter size on growth and backfat thickness were estimated using data from 3 pig lines derived from the same base population of Large White. Two lines were selected for 6 generations on either high ovulation rate at puberty (OR) or high prenatal survival corrected for ovulation rate in the first 2 parities (PS). The third line was an unselected control (C). Genetic parameters for individual piglet BW at birth (IWB); at 3 wk of age (IW3W); and at weaning (IWW); ADG from birth to weaning (ADGBW), from weaning to 10 wk of age (ADGPW), and from 25 to 90 kg of BW (ADGT); and age (AGET) and average backfat thickness (ABT) at 90 kg of BW were estimated using REML methodology applied to a multivariate animal model. In addition to fixed effects, the model included the common environment of birth litter, as well as direct and maternal additive genetic effects as random effects. Genetic trends were estimated by computing differences between OR or PS and C lines at each generation using both least squares (LS) and mixed model (MM) methodology. Average genetic trends for direct and maternal effects were computed by regressing line differences on generation number. Estimates of direct and maternal heritabilities were, respectively, 0.10, 0.12, 0.20, 0.24, and 0.41, and 0.17, 0.33, 0.32, 0.41, and 0.21 (SE = 0.03 to 0.04) for IWB, IW3W, IWW, ADGBW, and ADGPW. Genetic correlations between direct and maternal effects were moderately negative for IWB (-0.21 +/- 0.18), but larger for the 4 other traits (-0.59 to -0.74). Maternal effects were nonsignificant and were removed from the final analyses of ADGT, AGET, and ABT. Direct heritability estimates were 0.34, 0.46, and 0.21 (SE = 0.03 to 0.05) for ADGT, AGET, and ABT, respectively. Direct and maternal genetic correlations of OR with performance traits were nonsignificant, with the exception of maternal correlations with IWB (-0.28 +/- 0.13) and ADGPW (0.23 +/- 0.11) and direct correlation with AGET (-0.23 +/- 0.09). Prenatal survival also had low direct but moderate to strong maternal genetic correlations (-0.34 to -0.65) with performance traits. The only significant genetic trends were a negative maternal trend for IBW in the OR line and favorable direct trends for postweaning growth (ADGT and AGET) in both lines. Selection for components of litter size has limited effects on growth and backfat thickness, although it slightly reduces birth weight and improves postweaning growth. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelates of personal fluctuation, pseudo-guessing, and inattention subject parameters: relations with parametric and non parametric person fit indices
Béland, Sébastien; Raîche, Gilles; Brassard, Patricia et al

Conference (2009, July)

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See detailCorrélation aldostérone et parathormone en cas d'hyperparathyroïdie primaire vs secondaire?
Ho, Thi Thanh Giang ULg; Keutgens, Aurore ULg; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2010), 68(6), 703-4

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See detailLa corrélation anatomo-clinique des plaques carotidiennes
Van Damme, Hendrik ULg; Vivario, M.; Martin, Didier ULg et al

Conference (1990, February 22)

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See detailLa corrélation anatomo-clinique des plaques carotidiennes
Van Damme, Hendrik ULg; Vivario, M.; Martin, Didier ULg et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (1989), 89(6, Nov-Dec), 293-300

Recently, much attention has been focused on pathologic plaque characteristics and their importance in producing cerebrovascular symptoms. There remains much controversy on the significance of plaque ... [more ▼]

Recently, much attention has been focused on pathologic plaque characteristics and their importance in producing cerebrovascular symptoms. There remains much controversy on the significance of plaque ulceration, mural thrombi, and intraplaque hemorrhage in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. We investigated 110 plaques, and the only significant correlation with preoperative symptoms was the presence of fresh mural thrombus, mostly intraluminal, associated with stenosis. Exulceration without fresh thrombus, intraplaque hemorrhage with intact endothelium and recanalized thrombus were also found in a considerable number of asymptomatic patients. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelation and integration of the Rorschach Comprehensive System and the TCI-R questionnaire
Rentmeister, Daniel; Blavier, Adelaïde ULg; Di Piazza, Laetitia ULg et al

Poster (2014, May 27)

In this study, a dual purpose is sought. First, we statistically compare the Rorschach test interpreted by the Comprehensive System from J.E. Exner and the Temperament and Character Inventory – Revised by ... [more ▼]

In this study, a dual purpose is sought. First, we statistically compare the Rorschach test interpreted by the Comprehensive System from J.E. Exner and the Temperament and Character Inventory – Revised by R. Cloninger to highlight their differences and similarities. Second, through clinical cases, we discuss the relevance of integrating the results obtained by these two tools to establish a comprehensive and consistent psychological profile of an individual. For the statistical comparison, a sample of 27 “healthy” subjects (M = 24.37 years, SD = 2.75) was first submitted to the Rorschach test. Then, immediately after, each subject completed the TCI-R. A correlation analysis (Pearson Rho) was done between various Index and a Bonferroni adjustment was made. For the case studies, 3 subjects were recruited. Anamneses were carried out and the Rorschach test and TCI-R administered. Our first results, which are to be taken with caution because of the small number of subjects in the sample, must be qualified and discussed. From 2448 statistical comparisons, we select the most relevant and discuss different correlation results. The case studies show a concordance in social relationships and impulsivity; and show that the information peculiar to each test allows us to complete the subject’s profile. Finally, it is by addressing two different epistemologies underlying these two tests that we can best explain the psychological differences highlighted in the same individuals. We conclude by suggesting that this difference in results must certainly be understood in an integrative logic and emphasizes the complementarity between these two tests. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelation between a proteolytic method and a radioimmunoassay for porcine serum pepsinogen concentrations
Sidikou, D. I.; Banga-Mboko, H.; Tamboura, H. H. et al

in Research in Veterinary Science (2006), 80(3), 260-266

The measurement of serum pepsinogen concentrations by enzymatic method and immunoassay provides diagnostic values and should be helpful in the detection of gastric diseases related to a rise of blood ... [more ▼]

The measurement of serum pepsinogen concentrations by enzymatic method and immunoassay provides diagnostic values and should be helpful in the detection of gastric diseases related to a rise of blood pepsinogen. In the present study, the correlation between a conventional enzymatic method and a recently developed radioimmunoassay (RIA) for serum pepsinogen A was investigated. A total of 123 sera samples of porcine foetuses (n = 28), adult healthy pigs (n = 56), pigs with parakeratosis (n = 25) and pigs with ulceration of the pars oesophagea (n = 14) were tested. Overall, there was a slight correlation between the two methods (r = 0.60). In relation to individual animal groups, the correlations (r) were 0.39 (P>0.05), 0.74 (P<0.001), 0.19 (P>0.05) and 0.34 (P>0.05) in foetuses, healthy pigs, pigs with parakeratosis and pigs with ulcers, respectively. In both methods, pepsinogen concentrations (means+/-SE) were significantly higher (P<0.05) in pigs with parakeratosis (1778 +/- 86.00 mUTyr/L; 690 +/- 53.00 ng/mL) and in pigs with ulcers (2026 +/- 153.00 mUTyr/L; 1747 +/- 94.00 ng/mL) when compared to healthy pigs (935 +/- 58.00 mUTyr/L; 275 +/- 35.00 ng/mL). The proteolytic method gave a significant increased activity (P<0.05) in foetuses (1150 +/- 82.00 mUTyr/L) vs. (935 +/- 58.00 mUTyr/L) in healthy adult pigs, indicating an additional proteolytic activity in the sera of foetuses or neonates. [less ▲]

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See detailCORRELATION BETWEEN BREAKDOWN PRODUCTS OF GLUCOSINOLATES AND THE AMOUNT OF RAPESEED MEAL INTRODUCED IN THE DIETS OF 80 LAMBS AND 32 BULLS. EVOLUTIONOF 5-VINYL-1,3-OXAZOLIDINE-2-THIONE (5-VOT) AND THIOCYANATE IONS IN BIOLOGICAL FLUIDS AND ORGANS
Mabon, N.; Wathelet, Jean-Paul ULg; Derycke, G. et al

Conference (1999)

A large-scale experimentation has been conducted in Belgium since 4 years in order to study the influence of antinutritional rapeseed factors and their degradation products in ruminants. Animals have been ... [more ▼]

A large-scale experimentation has been conducted in Belgium since 4 years in order to study the influence of antinutritional rapeseed factors and their degradation products in ruminants. Animals have been fed with iso-energetic, isolipidic and isoproteic diets containing various proportions of industrial rapeseed meal (lambs: 0% to 40%; bulls: 0% to 34%). The trials and the study of zootechnical, physiological, histological aspects were co-ordinated by the University of Namur. The University of Gembloux was concerned by chemical aspects (analysis of glucosinolates, aromatic choline esters and their respective degradation products such as 5-vinyl-1,3-oxazolidine-2-thione, nitriles, isothiocyanates, thiocyanate ions and trimethylamine). In this presentation we would like to point out the results concerning the evolution of the SCN- ions concentration in plasma, the correlation between the proportions of rapeseed meal in the diets of growing-fattening ruminants and SCN- ions, and 5-VOT content in muscle, some organs (thyroid, kidney, liver and lung), plasma and urine. Correlations (for lambs and for bulls) have been established between thiocyanate ions concentration and the percentage of rapeseed meal in the diets. SCN- ions were specially accumulated in kidney and lung although the 5-VOT is observed in high concentration in thyroid. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelation between Bronchoalveolar Lavage (Bal) Fluid Cell Lysate Histamine Content and Bal Fluid Eosinophil Count in Atopic and Nonatopic Asthmatics
Louis, Renaud ULg; Van Tulder, L.; Poncelet, M. et al

in International Archives of Allergy & Immunology (1997), 112(3), 309-12

We have compared the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL) cellular composition and the BAL cell lysate histamine content (fluorometric assay) in 28 stable mild to moderate asthmatics (atopic n = 18 and ... [more ▼]

We have compared the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL) cellular composition and the BAL cell lysate histamine content (fluorometric assay) in 28 stable mild to moderate asthmatics (atopic n = 18 and intrinsic n = 10) and 11 control subjects. When compared to control subjects, the whole group of asthmatics had a higher proportion of BAL eosinophils (p < 0.01) and metachromatic cells (p < 0.05). The BAL cell lysate histamine was increased in atopic (p < 0.05) and intrinsic asthmatics (p < 0.05) in comparison with control subjects. In the whole group of asthmatics, the BAL cell lysate histamine content correlated with the percentage of BAL eosinophils (r = 0.58, p < 0.01). This relationship was significant in both atopic (r = 0.48, p < 0.05) and intrinsic (r = 0.70, p < 0.05) asthmatics. For the whole group of asthmatics, both the BAL cell lysate histamine and the percentage of BAL eosinophils inversely correlated with the percent predicted FEV1 (r = -0.42, p < 0.05; r = -0.51, p < 0.05). We conclude that an increased BAL cell lysate histamine content correlates with airway eosinophilic infiltration and lung function impairment in mild to moderate atopic and intrinsic asthmatics. This suggests that BAL mast cells play a key role in recruiting eosinophils in the airways of asthmatics irrespective of the presence of an atopic status. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelation between c-reactive protein (CRP) levels and the importance of enzyme release after myocardial infarction
Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg; El Allaf, M.; Pierard, Luc ULg et al

in European Heart Journal Supplements : Journal of the European Society of Cardiology (1989), 10(suppl.1), 262

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See detailCorrelation between composition and cold stability of palm liquid fractions.
Danthine, Sabine ULg; Lefebure, Emilie ULg; Dijkmans, Peggy et al

Poster (2014, May)

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See detailCorrelation between endotoxin level and bacterial count in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of ventilated patients
Nys, Monique ULg; Ledoux, Didier ULg; Damas, Pierre ULg et al

in Critical Care Medicine (2000), 28(8), 2825-2830

OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of the endotoxin level in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and to propose to the clinician a guide in the diagnosis of gram-negative bacterial (GNB) pneumonia ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of the endotoxin level in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and to propose to the clinician a guide in the diagnosis of gram-negative bacterial (GNB) pneumonia. DESIGN: Retrospective and prospective studies to investigate the relation between endotoxin level and quantitative bacterial culture of BAL and to test the predictive value of a defined threshold. SETTING: University hospital general intensive care unit. PATIENTS: In the first part of the study, 77 consecutive ventilated patients with clinical suspicion of nosocomial pneumonia between January 1995 and January 1996. In the second part of the study, 93 consecutive ventilated patients studied prospectively between February 1996 and April 1997. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Quantitative cultures for aerobic bacteria were performed directly from the fluid. Bacterial species were determined with standard techniques. The detection of endotoxin in BAL was made using a quantitative chromogenic Limulus assay. In the retrospective analysis, a significant correlation between quantitative GNB cultures and BAL endotoxin levels was observed (r2 = 0.60, p < .0001). An endotoxin level > or = 4 endotoxin units/mL (EU/mL) distinguishes patients with a significant GNB count from colonized patients with a sensitivity of 92.6%, a specificity of 81.4% and a correct classification rate of 84.9%. In the prospective analysis, the 4 EU/mL threshold permits identification of infected patients with a sensitivity of 82.2%, a specificity of 95.6%, and a correct classification rate of 90.3%. The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the Limulus assay still had a good discrimination power in the prediction of significant bacterial count in BAL fluid. CONCLUSIONS: Endotoxin detection immediately after bronchoscopy is a distinct advantage to the clinician because antimicrobial gram-negative therapy may be immediately justified according to the results. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelation between exercise parameters and oxidant markers in horses
Kirschvink, Nathalie; Art, Tatiana ULg; De Moffarts, Brieux et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (2002), 443

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See detailCorrelation between five radioimmunoassay systems for bovine pregnancy associated glycoprotein (PAG).
Ayad, A.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Iguer-Ouada, M. et al

in Reproduction in Domestic Animals (2008), 43(Suppl 5), 90

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