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See detailA corrected version of the Timed-25 Foot Walk Test with a dynamic start to capture the maximum ambulation speed in multiple sclerosis patients
Phan-Ba, Rémy ULg; CALAY, Philippe ULg; GRODENT, Patrick ULg et al

in NeuroRehabilitation (2012), 30(4), 261-266

Background : No clinical test is currently available and validated to measure the maximum walking speed (WS) of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Since the Timed 25-Foot Walk Test (T25FW) is performed ... [more ▼]

Background : No clinical test is currently available and validated to measure the maximum walking speed (WS) of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Since the Timed 25-Foot Walk Test (T25FW) is performed with a static start, it takes a significant proportion of the distance for MS patients to reach their maximum pace. Objectives : In order to capture the maximum WS and to quantify the relative impact of the accelerating phase during the first meters, we compared the classical T25FW with a modified version (T25FW+) allowing a dynamic start after a 3 meters run-up. Methods : Sixty-four MS patients and 30 healthy subjects performed successively the T25FW and the T25FW+. Results : The T25FW+ was performed faster than the T25FW for the vast majority of MS and healthy subjects. In the MS population, the mean relative gain of speed due to the dynamic start on T25FW+ was independent from the EDSS and from the level of ambulation impairment. Compared to healthy subjects, the relative difference between dynamic versus static start was more important in the MS population even in patients devoid of apparent gait impairment according to the T25FW. Conclusion : The T25FW+ allows a more accurate measurement of the maximum WS of MS patients, which is a prerequisite to reliably evaluate deceleration over longer distance tests. Indirect arguments suggest that the time to reach the maximum WS may be partially influenced by the cognitive impairment status. The maximum WS and the capacity of MS patients to accelerate on a specific distance may be independently regulated and assessed separately in clinical trials and rehabilitation programs. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrecting surface winds by assimilating High-Frequency Radar surface currents in the German Bight
Barth, Alexander ULg; Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Beckers, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Ocean Dynamics (2011), 61(5), 599-610

Surface winds are crucial for accurately modeling the surface circulation in the coastal ocean. In the present work, high-frequency (HF) radar surface currents are assimilated using an ensemble scheme ... [more ▼]

Surface winds are crucial for accurately modeling the surface circulation in the coastal ocean. In the present work, high-frequency (HF) radar surface currents are assimilated using an ensemble scheme which aims to obtain improved surface winds taking into account ECMWF (European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts) winds as a first guess and surface current measurements. The objective of this study is to show that wind forcing can be improved using an approach similar to parameter estimation in ensemble data assimilation. Like variational assimilation schemes, the method provides an improved wind field based on surface current measurements. However, the technique does not require an adjoint and it is thus easier to implement. In addition, it does not rely on a linearization of the model dynamics. The method is validated directly by comparing the analyzed wind speed to independent in situ measurements and indirectly by assessing the impact of the corrected winds on model sea surface temperature (SST) relative to satellite SST. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrecting tensile test results of ECAE-deformed aluminium
Poortmans, Stijn; Boubakar, Diouf; Habraken, Anne ULg et al

in Scripta Materialia (2007), 56(9), 749-752

Performing tensile tests on ECAE material reveals a long post-uniform elongation. In order to calculate correct true stress–true strain diagrams, three different approaches are used: measurements of the ... [more ▼]

Performing tensile tests on ECAE material reveals a long post-uniform elongation. In order to calculate correct true stress–true strain diagrams, three different approaches are used: measurements of the actual sample geometry, a neck evolution model proposed by Segal [V.M. Segal, S Ferrasse, F. Alford, Mater. Sci. Eng. A442 (2006) 321–326] and an inverse modelling method by finite element (FE) simulations. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrection à l'IBVS No 1280
Renson, Pierre ULg

in Information Bulletin on Variable Stars (1977), 1300

Not Available

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See detailCorrection and analysis of lead content in soil by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
Xie, Chengli; Lu, Jidong; Li, Pengyan et al

in Chinese Optics Letters (2009), 7(6), 545548

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See detailCorrection d'une stenose pulmonaire congenitale par valvuloplastie transluminale percutanee.
Legrand, Victor ULg; Materne, P.; Collignon, P. et al

in Revue medicale de Liege (1986), 41(6), 199-204

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See detailLa correction de l'expression écrite en langue étrangère en Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles : expliciter l'implicite ?
Noiroux, Kevin ULg; Simons, Germain ULg

Conference (2013, September)

Dans cette communication, nous analyserons les croyances et pratiques des enseignants d'anglais/langue étrangère en matière de rétroactions fournies en expression écrite.

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See detailLa correction du résultat d’un étudiant en présence de tentatives de fraudes
Raîche, Gilles; Magis, David ULg; Béland, Sébastien

Scientific conference (2009, January)

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See detailCorrection Method of Secondary Reflection Effects in Measurement of Electrooptic Coefficient in Optically-Active Materials
Lemaire, Philippe ULg; Georges, Marc ULg

in Optics Communications (1992), 91(3-4), 260-266

The propagation of light in linearly birefringent and optically active media, such as Bi12SiO20 crystals (BSO), has been widely studied by several workers. Various measurement methods of the electro-optic ... [more ▼]

The propagation of light in linearly birefringent and optically active media, such as Bi12SiO20 crystals (BSO), has been widely studied by several workers. Various measurement methods of the electro-optic coefficient r41 have been described. One family of those methods consisting in measurement of the light polarization ellipticity after travelling through the crystal has been analysed. Due to the high reflectivity of such crystals, we show that the effect of the secondary reflections can not be neglected. We present the theoretical description and analysis of this effect for one of these methods and we propose a corrective algorithm. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrection of Pressure Waveforms Recorded by Fluid-Filled Catheter Recording Systems: A New Method Using a Transfer Equation
Lambermont, Bernard ULg; Gérard, Paul ULg; Detry, Olivier ULg et al

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica (1998), 42(6), 717-20

BACKGROUND: Pressure measuring systems using fluid-filled catheters can result in the recording of distorted pressure waveforms. It results in phase delay, overestimation of systolic and, to a lesser ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Pressure measuring systems using fluid-filled catheters can result in the recording of distorted pressure waveforms. It results in phase delay, overestimation of systolic and, to a lesser extent, of diastolic pressure. We designed and evaluated a method to correct this pressure waveform distortion using an appropriate transfer equation obtained from the dynamic response of the fluid-filled catheter. This transfer equation is based on the principle that a fluid-filled catheter recording system is considered as an underdamped dynamic system fully characterized by its natural frequency (omega n) and damping ratio (zeta). METHODS: Pressure waveforms, simultaneously recorded in vitro or in vivo by a fluid-filled catheter (Pc) and a micromanometer-tipped catheter (Pref), were used to validate the method. Dynamic response of the catheter used was obtained from a fastflush test. The corrected signal (Ppred) was obtained using omega n, zeta and the following transfer equation: d2Pc/dt2 + 2 omega n zeta dPc/dt + omega n 2Pc = C Ppred (t) After correction of Pc, Ppred was compared, using a linear regression, with Pref taken as reference. RESULTS: Our results showed that Ppred was fitted to Pref with excellent coefficient correlation (0.99). The mean error and the standard error of estimate were respectively -1.16 mmHg and 1.4 mmHg. CONCLUSION: This new method can convert the distorted pressure waveforms transmitted by any fluid-filled catheters into high-fidelity signals. It suppresses the phase delay and the over-estimation of systolic pressure induced by fluid-filled catheters. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrection of Systematic Errors in Differential Photometry
Manfroid, Jean ULg; Royer, P.; Rauw, Grégor ULg et al

in Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems X (2001)

A common cause of errors in CCD differential photometry is an improper calibration of the array. The importance of these errors is evaluated for different cameras with fields between 3 and 30 arcminutes ... [more ▼]

A common cause of errors in CCD differential photometry is an improper calibration of the array. The importance of these errors is evaluated for different cameras with fields between 3 and 30 arcminutes. The usual superflat illumination corrections based on night sky exposures are often found to be unsatisfactory. ``Photometric superflats'' based on stellar measurements are more reliable and should be used instead. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrection of Thin Shell Finite Element Magnetic Models via a Subproblem Method
Dular, Patrick ULg; Dang, Quoc Vuong ULg; Vazquez Sabariego, Ruth ULg et al

in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (2011), 47(5), 1158-1161

A subproblem finite-element method is developed for correcting the inaccuracies near edges and corners inherent to thin shell models, for both magnetostatic and magnetodynamic problems. A thin shell ... [more ▼]

A subproblem finite-element method is developed for correcting the inaccuracies near edges and corners inherent to thin shell models, for both magnetostatic and magnetodynamic problems. A thin shell solution, supported by a simplified mesh near the thin structures, serves as a source of a correction problem with the actual volumic thin regions alone in a homogeneous medium, concentrating the meshing effort on the thin regions only. Improvements of local fields are efficiently achieved and allow accurate force and loss calculations. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrection of Thin Shell Finite Element Magnetic Models via a Subproblem Method
Dular, Patrick ULg; Dang, Quoc Vuong ULg; V Sabariego, Ruth ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 14th Biennial IEEE Conference on Electromagnetic Field Computation (CEFC2010) (2010, May)

A sub-problem finite element method is developed for correcting the inaccuracies near edges and corners inherent to thin shell models, for both magnetostatic and magnetodynamic problems. A thin shell ... [more ▼]

A sub-problem finite element method is developed for correcting the inaccuracies near edges and corners inherent to thin shell models, for both magnetostatic and magnetodynamic problems. A thin shell solution, supported by a simplified mesh near the thin structures, serves as a source of a correction problem with the actual volumic thin regions alone in a homogeneous medium, concentrating the meshing effort on the thin regions only. Improvements of local fields are efficiently achieved and allow accurate force and loss calculations. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrection of vitamin D insufficiency with combined strontium ranelate and vitamin D3 in osteoporotic patients.
Rizzoli, R.; Dawson-Hughes, B.; Kaufman, J.-M. et al

in European Journal of Endocrinology (2014), 170(3), 441-50

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the efficacy and safety of oral fixed-dose combination of strontium ranelate 2 g/vitamin D3 1000 IU daily vs strontium ranelate 2 g daily for correcting vitamin D ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the efficacy and safety of oral fixed-dose combination of strontium ranelate 2 g/vitamin D3 1000 IU daily vs strontium ranelate 2 g daily for correcting vitamin D insufficiency in osteoporosis. DESIGN: A 6-month international, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, phase 3 study. METHODS: A total of 518 men and postmenopausal women aged >/=50 years with primary osteoporosis (T-score </=-2.5 s.d.) and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) >22.5 nmol/l were included. Patients were allocated to strontium ranelate 2 g/vitamin D3 1000 IU daily (n=413) or strontium ranelate 2 g daily (n=105). The participants received calcium 1 g daily. The primary endpoint was serum 25(OH)D at last post-baseline evaluation during 3 months. RESULTS: Both groups were comparable at baseline. Mean baseline of 25(OH)D was 44.1+/-14.6 nmol/l. After 3 months, the percentage of patients with 25(OH)D >/=50 nmol/l was higher with strontium ranelate/vitamin D3 vs strontium ranelate (84 vs 44%, P<0.001; adjusted between-group odds ratio=6.7; 95% CI, 4.2-10.9). The efficacy of the fixed-dose combination on 25(OH)D was maintained at 6 months (86 vs 40%, P<0.001). Mean 25(OH)D was 65.1 and 49.5 nmol/l, respectively, after 3 months and 66.9 and 45.4 nmol/l after 6 months. Physical performance improved in both groups. Falls were 17 and 20% in the strontium ranelate/vitamin D3 and strontium ranelate groups respectively. Parathyroid hormone levels were inversely correlated with 25(OH)D. No clinically relevant differences in safety were observed. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms the efficacy and safety of fixed-dose combination of strontium ranelate 2 g/vitamin D3 1000 IU for correction of vitamin D insufficiency in osteoporotic patients. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrection of vitamin D insufficiency with the fixed daily combination strontium ranelate 2 g/vitamin D3 1000 IU over 12 months
Rizzoli, R; Dawson-Hughes, B; Kaufman, JM et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2012), 64(S10), 835

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See detailCorrection to ``Equatorward diffuse auroral emissions at Jupiter: Simultaneous HST and Galileo observations''
Radioti, Aikaterini ULg; Tomás, Ana Tomas; Grodent, Denis ULg et al

in Geophysical Research Letters (2009), 36

<A href="/journals/gl/gl0909/2009GL038676/">Abstract Available</A> from <A href="http://www.agu.org">http://www.agu.org</A>

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See detailCorrection to ``Ion abundance ratios in the Jovian magnetosphere''
Radioti, Aikaterini ULg

in Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics (2006), 111(A10),

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