Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComparison of the Decomposition VOC Profile during Winter and Summer in a Moist, Mid-latitude (Cfb) Climate
Forbes, Shari L.; Perrault, Katelynn A.; Stefanuto, Pierre-Hugues ULg et al

in PLoS ONE (2014), 9(e113681), 1-11

The investigation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) associated with decomposition is an emerging field in forensic taphonomy due to their importance in locating human remains using biological detectors ... [more ▼]

The investigation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) associated with decomposition is an emerging field in forensic taphonomy due to their importance in locating human remains using biological detectors such as insects and canines. A consistent decomposition VOC profile has not yet been elucidated due to the intrinsic impact of the environment on the decomposition process in different climatic zones. The study of decomposition VOCs has typically occurred during the warmer months to enable chemical profiling of all decomposition stages. The present study investigated the decomposition VOC profile in air during both warmer and cooler months in a moist, mid-latitude (Cfb) climate as decomposition occurs year-round in this environment. Pig carcasses (Sus scrofa domesticus L.) were placed on a soil surface to decompose naturally and their VOC profile was monitored during the winter and summer months. Corresponding control sites were also monitored to determine the natural VOC profile of the surrounding soil and vegetation. VOC samples were collected onto sorbent tubes and analyzed using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography – time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC6GC-TOFMS). The summer months were characterized by higher temperatures and solar radiation, greater rainfall accumulation, and comparable humidity when compared to the winter months. The rate of decomposition was faster and the number and abundance of VOCs was proportionally higher in summer. However, a similar trend was observed in winter and summer demonstrating a rapid increase in VOC abundance during active decay with a second increase in abundance occurring later in the decomposition process. Sulfur-containing compounds, alcohols and ketones represented the most abundant classes of compounds in both seasons, although almost all 10 compound classes identified contributed to discriminating the stages of decomposition throughout both seasons. The advantages of GC6GC-TOFMS were demonstrated for detecting and identifying trace levels of VOCs, particularly ethers, which are rarely reported as decomposition VOCs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (7 ULg)
Full Text
See detailComparison of the effect of learning to read in English or in Dutch on the acquisition of the French orthographic code in French-speaking children attending immersion school programs.
Binamé, Florence ULg; Poncelet, Martine ULg; Guyon, Charline

Poster (2012, May 10)

Most of the children attending bilingual immersion school programs in the French Community of Belgium learn to read in the immersion language before learning to read in their native language. This study ... [more ▼]

Most of the children attending bilingual immersion school programs in the French Community of Belgium learn to read in the immersion language before learning to read in their native language. This study aimed to explore the effect of learning to read in a second language having a transparent (Dutch) versus an opaque (English) orthographic code, on the later acquisition of French spelling. Because literacy acquisition depends on the orthographic depth of the code, the hypothesis is that learning to spell in a transparent language such as Dutch would promote the acquisition of the more opaque French spelling, by transferring the phonological recoding process. Contrariwise, the acquisition of French spelling would be less easy if learners were first immersed in very opaque spelling such as English. Participants were 182 third and fourth-graders immersed in Dutch or English, and monolingual French speakers (control group). Their French spelling skills were tested by words and non-words dictation. Results showed that the performance of Dutch immersed children was not significantly inferior to controls, which is not the case for English immersed children. This corroborates the fact that learning to spell in a more transparent orthographic code than French has a subsequent benefit on its acquisition. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (15 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailComparison of the Effect of Morphine on Locus Coeruleus Noradrenergic and Ventral Tegmental Area Dopaminergic Neurons in Vitro
Seutin, Vincent ULg; Franchimont, Nathalie; Massotte, Laurent ULg et al

in Life Sciences (1990), 46(25), 1879-85

Extracellular single-cell recordings were performed on rat brain slices to compare the effects of morphine on noradrenergic neurons of the locus coeruleus (LC) and on dopaminergic neurons of the ventral ... [more ▼]

Extracellular single-cell recordings were performed on rat brain slices to compare the effects of morphine on noradrenergic neurons of the locus coeruleus (LC) and on dopaminergic neurons of the ventral tegmental area (VTA). Morphine inhibited the firing of LC neurons at very low concentrations. The mean IC50 was 13.4 +/- 1nM (mean +/- SEM) (n = 7). Moreover, the inhibitory effect of morphine was identical in slices obtained from rats anesthetized with chloral hydrate or from non-anesthetized rats. On the contrary, morphine did not have any influence on the firing of most VTA neurons (N = 20) up to 100 microM, and did not modify the sensitivity of their autoreceptors (N = 8). It is concluded that morphine potently inhibits the firing of LC neurons in vitro both in slices of anesthetized and not anesthetized animals and has no direct excitatory effect on VTA dopaminergic neurons of the rat. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg)
See detailComparison of the effects of a physiological and a pharmacological stress on plasma cortisol in sport horses
Linden, Annick ULg; Art, Tatiana ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg et al

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie (1991)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA comparison of the effects of cathodal and anodal stimulation of the human motor cortex through the intact scalp
Day, B. L.; MAERTENS DE NOORDHOUT, Alain ULg; Marsden, C. D. et al

in Journal of Physiology (1987), 394

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailComparison of the effects of ethidium bromide and of ethidium bromide-deoxyribonucleic acid complex in fibroblasts cultivated in vitro.
Heinen, Ernst ULg; Bassleer, R.; Calberg, C.-M.

in Beitrage zur Pathologie (1976), 159(2), 207-18

Chick embryo fibroblasts cultivated in vitro were treated with ethidium bromide (E.B.) or with DNA-E.B. complex (DNA-E.B.). E.B. (5 mug/ml) provokes morphological alterations and cell death, inhibits DNA ... [more ▼]

Chick embryo fibroblasts cultivated in vitro were treated with ethidium bromide (E.B.) or with DNA-E.B. complex (DNA-E.B.). E.B. (5 mug/ml) provokes morphological alterations and cell death, inhibits DNA synthesis and mitotic activity. DNA-E.B. (E.B. 5 mug/ml) is less toxic to the fibroblasts as far as cell structure, DNA synthesis and mitotic activity are concerned. DNA alone has no apparent effect on the fibroblasts. As shown by fluorescence microscopy, the lower toxicity of DNA-E.B. seems to be related to its mode of penetration into the cells. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComparison of the effects of ketamine and fentanyl-midazolam-medetomidine for sedation of rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)
Bertrand, Henri ULg; Ellen, Yvette C; O'Keefe, Stevie et al

in BMC Veterinary Research (2016), 12

Background: This study assessed the effects of sedation using a combination of fentanyl, midazolam and medetomidine in comparison to ketamine. Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta), (n = 16, 5 males and 3 ... [more ▼]

Background: This study assessed the effects of sedation using a combination of fentanyl, midazolam and medetomidine in comparison to ketamine. Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta), (n = 16, 5 males and 3 females randomly allocated to each treatment group) received either ketamine (KET) (10 mg.kg−1) or fentanyl-midazolam-medetomidine (FMM) (10 μg/kg−1; 0.5 mg.kg−1; 20 μg.kg−1) both IM. Oxygen (100 %) was provided by mask and heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate, EtCO2 and depth of sedation were assessed every 5 min for 20 min. After the last time point, FMM monkeys were reversed with atipamezole-naloxone (0.2 mg.kg−1; 10 μg.kg−1). Recovery was scored using clinical scoring scheme. Differences in physiological parameters and quality of sedation were compared using Area Under the Curve (AUC) method and either Mann-Witney or t-student tests. Results: Heart rate (beats/min) (Ket = 119 ± 18; FMM = 89 ± 17; p = 0.0066), systolic blood pressure (mmHg) (Ket = 109 ± 10; FMM = 97 ± 10; p = 0.0313), and respiratory rate (breaths/min) (Ket = 39 ± 9; FMM = 29 ± 10; p = 0.0416) were significantly lower in the FMM group. End-tidal CO2 (mmHg) did not differ between the groups (KET = 33 ± 8; FMM = 42 ± 11; p = 0.0462). Although some depression of physiological parameters was seen with FMM, the variables all remained within the normal ranges in both groups. Onset of a sufficient degree of sedation for safe handling was more rapid with ketamine (KET = 2.9 ± 1.4 min; FMM = 7.9 ± 1.2 min; p = 0.0009), but FMM recovery was faster (KET = 21.4 ± 13.4 min; FMM = 9.1 ± 3.6 min; p = 0.0379) and of better quality (KET = 1.3 ± 0.9; FMM = 7.4 ± 1.9; p = 0.0009) most probably because of the effectiveness of the reversal agents used. Conclusion: FMM provides an easily reversible immobilization with a rapid and good recovery quality and may prove a useful alternative to ketamine. Keywords: Sedation, Ketamine, Fentanyl, Midazolam, Medetomidine, Recovery macaque [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComparison of the effects of nimesulide and nimesulide-L-lysine on PGE2 production by COX-1 and COX-2 and on chondrocyte metabolism in vitro
De Leval, X.; Henrotin, Y.; Labasse, A. et al

in Pharmacy and Pharmacology Communications (2000), 6

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComparison of the effects of propofol and pentobarbital on left ventricular adaptation to an increased afterload
Kolh, Philippe ULg; Lambermont, Bernard ULg; Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg et al

in Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology (2004), 44(3), 294-301

The purpose of this study was to compare the hemodynamic effects of pentobarbital and propofol and their effects on cardiovascular adaptation to an abrupt increase in left ventricular afterload ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was to compare the hemodynamic effects of pentobarbital and propofol and their effects on cardiovascular adaptation to an abrupt increase in left ventricular afterload. Experiments were performed in 12 open-chest pigs instrumented for measurement of aortic pressure and flow, and left ventricular pressure and volume. In one group (n = 6), anesthesia was obtained with sodium pentobarbital (3 mg x kg(-1) x h(-1)), and, in the second group B (n = 6), with propofol (10 mg x kg(-1) x h(-1)). Both groups received sufentanil (0.5 microg x kg(-1) x h(-1)) and pancuronium bromide (0.1 mg x kg(-1)). Left ventricular function was assessed by the slope of end-systolic pressure-volume relationship and stroke work. After baseline recordings, left ventricular afterload was increased by aortic banding. The cardiovascular adaptations triggered by the aortic banding, such as tachycardia, vasoconstriction, and augmentation of myocardial contractility were prevented with propofol, suggesting interference with the baroreflex. Increase in left ventricular afterload decreased mechanical efficiency, regardless of anesthetic agent. These results showed that pentobarbital at 3 mg x kg(-1) x h(-1) has less deleterious hemodynamic effects than propofol at 10 mg x kg(-1) x h(-1). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComparison of the effects of silicon and aluminium on the tensile behaviour of multiphase TRIP-assisted steels
Girault, Etienne; Mertens, Anne ULg; Jacques, Pascal J. et al

in Scripta Materialia (2001), 44

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA comparison of the efficacy and tolerability of meloxicam and diclofenac in the treatment of patients with osteoarthritis of the lumbar spine.
Valat, J P; Accardo, S; REGINSTER, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in Inflammation Research (2001), 50(Suppl 1), 30-4

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of meloxicam compared with diclofenac in patients with osteoarthritis of the lumbar spine. SUBJECTS: 229 patients with ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of meloxicam compared with diclofenac in patients with osteoarthritis of the lumbar spine. SUBJECTS: 229 patients with radiologically confirmed osteoarthritis of the lumbar spine. TREATMENT AND METHODS: Once-daily meloxicam 7.5 mg tablet or diclofenac 100 mg slow release tablet. Efficacy and tolerability parameters were assessed at baseline and after 3, 7 and 14 days of treatment. RESULTS: The two drugs had equal short-term efficacy, with pain on motion of lumbar spine significantly (p<0.05) decreased at Day 3. Secondary efficacy variables were also significantly improved at Days 3, 7 and 14. There were no statistically significant differences between the two drugs, although the global tolerability of meloxicam was significantly better than for diclofenac, as assessed by the investigators (p = 0.0072) and the patients (p = 0.049). CONCLUSIONS: Meloxicam and diclofenac were equivalent in relieving the acute pain associated with osteoarthritis of the lumbar spine. However, meloxicam was much better tolerated. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailA comparison of the Fe II spectrum of three B[e] stars : HD51585, HD45677 and HD50138
Houziaux, L; Quinet, Pascal ULg

in Eta Carinae and Other Mysterious Stars. The Hidden Opportunities of Emission Spectroscopy (2001)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (2 ULg)