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See detailComparative study of egg quality traits in two Belgian local breeds and two commercial lines of chickens
Moula, Nassim ULg; Antoine-Moussiaux, Nicolas ULg; Decuypere, Eddy et al

in Archiv Für Geglügelkunde = European Poultry Science = Revue de Science Avicole Européenne (2010), 74(3), 164-171

Detailed reference viewed: 134 (90 ULg)
See detailA comparative study of embryogenic and non-embryogenic cell cultures in Picea abies (L.) Karst.
Du Jardin, Patrick ULg; Chandelier, A.; Chauveau, F. et al

Book published by Elsevier (1996)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
See detailComparative study of experimental infection of piglets with a field strain of wild boar HEV, a wild boar HEV strain previously passed in porcine model and a swine HEV strain
Thiry, Damien ULg; Rose, Nicolas; Mauroy, Axel ULg et al

Poster (2015, October)

Domestic pig and wild boar are reservoirs for hepatitis E virus (HEV). This study aims to investigate the infection of pigs with HEV strains from wild boar and to compare the behaviour of a wild boar ... [more ▼]

Domestic pig and wild boar are reservoirs for hepatitis E virus (HEV). This study aims to investigate the infection of pigs with HEV strains from wild boar and to compare the behaviour of a wild boar strain to a pig strain in vivo. The objective is to contribute to the elucidation of the crossing barrier between wild boar and pig with this zoonotic virus. A total of 12 specific pathogen free piglets were divided into four groups and orally inoculated respectively with a wild boar HEV strain previously passed in pigs (WbHEV), a wild boar HEV (WbHEVs), a swine HEV (SwHEV) and a negative control group. One pig from each group was euthanized 15 days after inoculation. The remaining pigs were sacrificed on day 56. A serological monitoring by ELISA was realized throughout the experiment, the viral load was determined in different organs by qRT-PCR. Viral RNA was found in several organs and tissues of the inoculated pigs. Most of the pigs were HEV positive at the 15th day and no clinical signs were observed during infection. Liver enzymes (ALT and AST) remained within the reference values. This study provides experimental evidence of the swine infection with a strain of HEV isolated from wild boar and previously passed in pig. Furthermore, these data indicate the possibility of the transfer of the virus from wild boar to pig, for example, in the context of outdoor pig breeding. [less ▲]

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See detailA comparative study of finite strain formulations in the buckling of cruciform columns
Careglio, Claudio; Canales Cardenas, Cristian ULg; Garcia Garino, Carlos et al

Conference (2015, April)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (8 ULg)
See detailComparative study of four diagnostic methods of enzootic bovine leukemia.
Mammerickx, Marc; Burny, Arsène; Dekegel, D. et al

in Burny, Arsène (Ed.) Bovine leucosis: various methods of molecular virology. (1977)

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See detailComparative study of four diagnostic methods of enzootic bovine leukemia.
Mammerickx, Marc; Burny, Arsène; Dekegel, D. et al

in Zentralblatt für Veterinarmedizin. Reihe B = Journal of Veterinary Medicine. Series B (1977), 24

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See detailComparative study of four safflower oils (Carthamus tinctorius) varieties grown in eastern of Morocco
Ben Moumen, A.; Mansouri, F.; Zraibi, L. et al

Poster (2013, April)

Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) is an oilseed crop, which, for many years, has been grown on a relatively small scale in parts of North Africa and Middle East (Purdy and al., 1959).

Detailed reference viewed: 125 (7 ULg)
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See detailComparative study of four safflower oils (Carthamus tinctorius) varieties grown in eastern of Morocco
Ben Moumen, A.; Mansouri, F.; Zraibi, L. et al

in Book of Proceedings InsideFood Symposium (2013, April)

In this study, four safflower varieties, originating from Spain (Rancho), India (Sharda) and Morocco (Cartamar and Cartafri) cultivated at the experimental station of OUJDA (semi-arid region of Eastern ... [more ▼]

In this study, four safflower varieties, originating from Spain (Rancho), India (Sharda) and Morocco (Cartamar and Cartafri) cultivated at the experimental station of OUJDA (semi-arid region of Eastern Morocco) were evaluated for their oil yield and seed oil quality. The analysis of results revealed significant differences among varieties for all traits. Indeed, our result show that seeds of the four varieties have important oil content ranged between 35.38% (Rancho) and 28.84% (Cartamar). Characterization of these oils showed a low value of acidity index less than 0.7% for all the varieties but significant differences in their peroxide values ranged between 4.5 meq O2/Kg (Cartamar) and 31.21 mEqO2/Kg (Rancho) and high value of phenolic content between 143 ppm (Rancho) and 97 ppm (Sharda). Analysis of the fatty acids shows that linoleic acid is the main fatty acid ranged between 77.94% (Cartamar) and 79.98% (Sharda). Oils of those four varieties can be classified in the linoleic acid group. The analysis of triglycerides by HPLC shows 10 molecular species of TAG (LLL, LPL, LLO, PLO, LLS, POP, OOO, POO, SOO, PPL). The trilinoleate (LLL) is the main molecular species with more than 50%. Safflower seed oil cultivated in eastern Morocco presents good physicochemical proprieties (polyphenols and Omega 6 richness); therefore, safflower culture could be suggested for all areas of Morocco, including the areas of low pluviometry, while the potential for culture of other oilseeds is more limited. [less ▲]

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See detailA comparative study of four thick photoresists for MEMS applications
Koukharenka, A; Kraft, Michael ULg; Ensell, G et al

in Journal Material Science: Materials in Electronics (2005), 16(11-12),

This work reports on recent advances in microfabrication process technology for medium to high-aspect ratio structures realised by UV photolithography using different kinds of photoresists. The resulting ... [more ▼]

This work reports on recent advances in microfabrication process technology for medium to high-aspect ratio structures realised by UV photolithography using different kinds of photoresists. The resulting structures were used as moulds and will be translated into metallic structures by electroplating. We used four types of photoresists: SPR 220-7 novalak based (positive), SU8 epoxy based (negative), Ordyl P-50100 acrylate based (negative) dry film photoresist, and Diaplate 132 acrylate based wet photoresist (negative). The motivation for this work was to find an alternative to SU-8 photoresist, which is difficult to process and remove after electroplating. Depending on the application, we found that Ordyl P-50100 dry film photoresist is the best alternative to SU8 for realization of approximately 100 µm deep moulds for electroplating in acidic electroplating solution. SPR 220-7 is a good alternative to SU8 for fabrication of 50 µm deep moulds and electroplating in alkaline solutions. The results presented in this paper will open up new possibilities for low-cost processes using electroplating for MEMS applications. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative study of gold and silver based nanobiosensors
Lismont, Marjorie ULg; Dreesen, Laurent ULg

Poster (2011, May 25)

Due to their particular optical properties, resulting from the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) phenomenon, silver and gold nanoparticles (NPs) can be used as robust tools for optical biosensing [1 ... [more ▼]

Due to their particular optical properties, resulting from the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) phenomenon, silver and gold nanoparticles (NPs) can be used as robust tools for optical biosensing [1]. Optical SPR biosensors are able to measure complex formation in real time. Indeed, the SPR absorption spectrum band of the NPs is sensitive to the shape, size, inter-particle distance and composition of the NP as well as the dielectric properties of the surrounding medium [2]. Due to the sensitivity of SPR to the local dielectric environment, plasmonic NPs can act as transducers that convert small changes in the local refractive index and the inter-particle distance into spectral shifts and broadening in the absorption spectra bands [3]. In our study, the prototypical biocytin-avidin interaction was used to study gradual changes with time in the absorption spectra bands of biotinylated 10 nm silver and gold NPs as a function of added avidin. After avidin addition, a SPR red-shift and a broadening of the SPR bands were observed with both NPs. These optical changes evolved with time and reached their final values after around 45 min for each system. The maximum SPR red-shifts were equal to 25 nm and 15 nm for silver NPs and gold NPs, respectively. The detection limit, described as the lowest concentration for clear identification of wavelength shift due to biomolecular recognition, is determined to be 4 nM for both silver and gold NPs. The specificity of the biocytin-avidin biosensors was checked by replacing avidin by BSA. When BSA was added, we observed a SPR band shift which was smaller than the detection limit of 3 nm, attesting the biosensor selectivity. Our work demonstrates the superiority of Ag over Au NPs for the elaboration of biosensors based on SPR. [less ▲]

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See detailA comparative study of guided vs pure self-treatment for premature ejaculation
Kempeneers, Philippe ULg; ANDRIANNE, Robert ULg; Cuddy, Marion et al

in Sexual and Relationship Therapy (2017)

Self-treatments have previously shown some efficacy in treating premature ejaculation (PE). It has been hypothesized that adding professional support to cognitive-behaviour bibliotherapy could improve ... [more ▼]

Self-treatments have previously shown some efficacy in treating premature ejaculation (PE). It has been hypothesized that adding professional support to cognitive-behaviour bibliotherapy could improve self-treatment outcomes. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare treatment outcomes for participants with PE who used bibliotherapy alone (pure self-treatment) versus those who used the bibliotherapy with brief support from a health professional (guided self-treatment). Health professionals were not experienced sex therapists, but had attended a short training session in order to equip them to support the self-help process. 135 men reporting difficulties with PE were recruited between February and June 2013. Seventy-one (52.59%) completed the protocol: 37 in the pure self-treatment condition, 34 in the guided self-treatment condition. Thirty-five participants (50%) met criteria for ISSM definition of lifelong PE, 14 (20%) for acquired PE, and 22 (30%) presented other forms of PE complaints. At 4-8 months post-treatment, improvements were found in both groups and in each subtype of PE on self-reported measures of sexual functioning and sexual cognitions. Univariate analyses indicated slightly greater treatment effects in the guided self-treatment group, but multivariate tests failed to identify a significant effect of therapist support. These mixed findings raise questions regarding the amount and quality of therapist input used in this study, and also about a possible ceiling effect of cognitive-behaviour therapy for PE. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative Study of High Bio-Availability Glaphenine and Paracetamol in Cervical and Lumbar Arthrosis
Urbin Choffray, D.; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg et al

in Clinical Rheumatology (1987), 6(4), 518-25

Seventy-eight patients, 40 suffering from cervical arthrosis and 38 from lumbar arthrosis, received for a period of two weeks paracetamol or a new preparation of glaphenine, in a double blind study. The ... [more ▼]

Seventy-eight patients, 40 suffering from cervical arthrosis and 38 from lumbar arthrosis, received for a period of two weeks paracetamol or a new preparation of glaphenine, in a double blind study. The two drugs were found to have the same efficiency on the subjective parameters but high bioavailability glaphenine seems to have an effectiveness in the range of articulatory movements, which is not found with paracetamol. The side effects were quite equivalent. [less ▲]

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See detailA comparative study of isokinetic training using two brands of dynamometers
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Herve, M. N.; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg

in Abstract Book of the XIV International Congress on Sports Rehabilitation and Traumatology: «The Accelerated Rehabilitation of the Injured Athlete» (2005, April)

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (7 ULg)
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See detailComparative study of mature and zymogen mite cysteine protease stability and pH unfolding.
Chevigne, A.; Dumez, Marie-Eve ULg; Dumoulin, Mireille ULg et al

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (2010), 1800(9), 937-945

BACKGROUND: Papain-like proteases (CA1) are synthesized as inactive precursors carrying an N-terminal propeptide, which is further removed under acidic conditions to generate active enzymes. METHODS: To ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Papain-like proteases (CA1) are synthesized as inactive precursors carrying an N-terminal propeptide, which is further removed under acidic conditions to generate active enzymes. METHODS: To have a better insight into the mechanism of activation of this protease family, we compared the pH unfolding of the zymogen and the mature form of the mite cysteine protease Der p 1. RESULTS: We showed that the presence of the propeptide does not significantly influence the pH-induced unfolding of the catalytic domain but does affect its fluorescence properties by modifying the exposure of the tryptophan 192 to the solvent. In addition, we demonstrated that the propeptide displays weaker pH stability than the protease domain confirming that the unfolding of the propeptide is the key event in the activation process of the zymogen. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: Finally, we show, using thermal denaturation and enzymatic activity measurements, that whatever the pH value, the propeptide does not stabilize the structure of the catalytic domain but very interestingly, prevents its autolysis. [less ▲]

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See detailA Comparative Study of Models for Shear Strength of Reinforced Concrete Deep Beams
Liu, Jian ULg; Mihaylov, Boyan ULg

Scientific conference (2015, September 03)

The shear behaviour of deep reinforced concrete beams has been a focus of experimental and analytical studies since the early 1950s, resulting in different approaches for predicting the shear strength of ... [more ▼]

The shear behaviour of deep reinforced concrete beams has been a focus of experimental and analytical studies since the early 1950s, resulting in different approaches for predicting the shear strength of deep beams. This paper compares the main modelling assumptions of these approaches and summarizes the results from validation studies available in the literature. Based on these comparisons, a two-parameter kinematic theory (2PKT) and a mechanical model by Zararis are selected for further evaluation with the help of test series with different experimental variables. It is shown that both approaches predict the trends in beam series with varying shear-span-to-depth ratios, even though the mechanical model overestimates the shear strength of beams without web reinforcement. It is also shown that the two models differ significantly in capturing the effect of transverse reinforcement and the size effect in shear. While the 2PKT accounts for sliding shear failures which limit the effectiveness of transverse reinforcement beyond a certain reinforcement ratio, the mechanical model predicts a monotonic increase of shear strength with the ratio. The 2PKT is also shown to capture the size effect in shear observed in two series of tests well, while the mechanical model neglects this effect. [less ▲]

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See detailA comparative study of models for shear strength of reinforced concrete deep beams
Liu, Jian ULg; Mihaylov, Boyan ULg

in Engineering Structures (2016), 112(April), 81-89

Since the 1960s, researchers have proposed different empirical formulas and analytical models for the shear strength of deep reinforced concrete beams. Some of these approaches have shown adequate ... [more ▼]

Since the 1960s, researchers have proposed different empirical formulas and analytical models for the shear strength of deep reinforced concrete beams. Some of these approaches have shown adequate accuracy when applied to small sets of beam tests, while their ability to predict the effect of a large range of test variables remains unknown. This paper presents a summary of models for deep beams from 73 publications, and focuses on a detailed evaluation of ten more recent models by using a database of 574 deep beam tests. It is found that a semi-empirical strut-and-tie model (STM) and a two-parameter kinematic theory (2PKT) for deep beams produce the least scattered predictions. The former model produced an average shear strength experimental-to-predicted ratio Vexp/Vpred of 1.00 with a coefficient of variation (COV) of 19.8%, while the latter resulted in an average of 1.08 with a COV of 15.4%. The two models are also compared by plotting the Vexp/Vpred ratios against different tests variables, and by performing parametric studies with individual test series. It is shown that the semi-empirical STM exhibits certain bias with respect to the shear-span-to-depth ratio, while the 2PKT produces uniform results across the entire range of experimental data. It is also noted that the semi-empirical STM requires somewhat less computational effort than the 2PKT approach. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (30 ULg)
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See detailComparative study of multi stage noise shaping and single loop sigma-delta modulators for MEMS Accelerometers
Almutairi, B; Kraft, Michael ULg

in Poc. Eurosensors XXIV (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (1 ULg)
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See detailComparative study of Murid gamma-herpesvirus 4 infection in mice and in a natural host, the bank voles.
François, Sylvie ULg; Vidick, Sarah ULg; Sarlet, Michaël ULg et al

in Journal of General Virology (The) (2010)

Gamma-herpesviruses are archetypal pathogenic persistent viruses. The known human gamma-herpesviruses (Epstein-Barr virus and Kaposi's Sarcoma-associated Herpesvirus) are host-specific and therefore lack ... [more ▼]

Gamma-herpesviruses are archetypal pathogenic persistent viruses. The known human gamma-herpesviruses (Epstein-Barr virus and Kaposi's Sarcoma-associated Herpesvirus) are host-specific and therefore lack a convenient in vivo infection model. This makes related animal gamma-herpesviruses an important source of information. We are studying Murid herpesvirus 4 (MuHV-4), a virus originally isolated from bank voles (Myodes glareolus). MuHV-4 infection of inbred laboratory mouse strains (Mus musculus) is commonly used as a general model of gamma-herpesvirus pathogenesis. However, MuHV-4 has not been isolated from house mice, and no systematic comparison has been made between experimental MuHV-4 infections of mice and bank voles. We have therefore characterized MuHV-4 (strain MHV-68) infection of bank voles, both through global luciferase imaging and through classical virological methods. As in mice, intranasal virus inoculation led to productive replication in bank vole lungs, accompanied by massive cellular infiltrates. However, the extent of lytic virus replication was ~1000 fold lower in bank voles than in mice. Peak latency titers in lymphoid tissue were also lower, although latency was still established. Finally, we tested viral transmission between animals maintained in captivity. However, as observed in mice, MuHV-4 did not transmit between voles in these conditions. In conclusion, this study revealed that despite quantitative differences, replication and latency sites of MuHV-4 are comparable in bank voles and in mice. It appears therefore so far that Mus musculus represents a suitable host for studying gamma-herpesvirus pathogenesis with MuHV-4. Establishing transmission conditions in captivity will be a vital step for further research in that field. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative study of Murid gammaherpesvirus 4 infection in mice and in its natural host, the bank voles.
François, Sylvie ULg; Vidick, Sarah ULg; Koteja, Pawel et al

Poster (2009, December 11)

Gammaherpesviruses are the archetypes of persistent viruses that have been identified in a range of animals from mice to man. They are host-range specific and establish persistent, productive infections ... [more ▼]

Gammaherpesviruses are the archetypes of persistent viruses that have been identified in a range of animals from mice to man. They are host-range specific and establish persistent, productive infections of immunocompetent hosts. Thus, infected individuals simultaneously both elicit antiviral protective immune response and secrete infectious virions. The best studied gammaherpesviruses are Human herpesvirus 4 and Human herpesvirus 8. As these viruses have no well-established in vivo infection model, related animal gammaherpesviruses are an important source of information. We are studying Murid herpesvirus 4 (MuHV-4), a virus that has originally been isolated from bank voles (Myodes glareolus). Although MuHV-4 has not been isolated from house mice (Mus musculus), infection of inbred laboratory mouse strains is commonly accepted as a good model for studying gammaherpesviruses in vivo. It has however never been possible to monitor viral reexcretion and virus transmission in this species suggesting that this model could be imperfect. In this study, we therefore characterized MuHV-4 infection in its natural host, the bank voles, through classical virological methods but also through global luciferase imaging for an anatomical complete view of the infection. Results obtained show that, after intra-nasal infection, the natural route of infection is similar in mice and voles. Following nasal productive infection, the virus spreads to the lung where the infection is accompanied by massive cellular infiltrates. By opposition to extensive viral replication observed in mice, the different analyses indicated that the viral replication was ~1000 fold lower in bank voles. This lower replication did however not affect colonization of latency sites in superficial cervical lymph nodes and spleen as measured by real-time PCR quantification of viral genomes in these organs. In conclusion, this study revealed that MuHV-4 can experimentally infect bank voles, the supposed natural host, but with a lower replicative power. As, gammaherpesvirus epidemiology indicates that transmission correlates with the latent load, our results suggest that gammaherpesviruses may have evolved to infect their hosts without extensive lytic spread. In the future, establishment of experimental transmission in a population of Myodes glareolus should help us to better understand mechanisms used by gammaherpesviruses to evade immune response. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (6 ULg)