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See detailCost monitoring in dairy farms to promote the value chain of fresh milk in North Vietnam
Bui, Thi Nga ULg

Doctoral thesis (2013)

In Vietnam, the consumption of dairy products has increased dramatically in recent years due to rising incomes. To meet this growing demand, and reduce imports, the Vietnamese Government has encouraged ... [more ▼]

In Vietnam, the consumption of dairy products has increased dramatically in recent years due to rising incomes. To meet this growing demand, and reduce imports, the Vietnamese Government has encouraged milk production. In this context, our research is primarily interested in the distribution of value added among the actors within the fresh milk chain observed in the province of Son La. Our study demonstrates that value added within the fresh milk chain was unequally distributed among actors in the chain in the bias orientation to the non-farmers (nonproducer). The key feature in the chain was the dairy farmers, but they were also the most vulnerable actors of the chain. Given the balance of power among the actors, the most appropriate method to promote the added value for dairy producers is to help a better control on their production costs by improving the management at the dairy farm. In the second part of the work, we are inspired from foreign experience in this field to define an accounting system for technical-economic monitoring of dairy cattle adapted for the situation of Vietnamese farmers. This system has been tested in Moc Chau in an experimental dairy farm to provide data regarding the efficiency and profitability of operations. Dairy farmers were interested in the proposed monitoring system because it allows them to know the level of performance and to compare it to the others. They were interested in revenue generated from costs control. The major constraints in the application of this monitoring in selected farms were the lack of capacity and knowledge from producers. In conclusion, our study provides an appropriate model for the establishment of a management system of milk production. The most suitable model is to set up an independent agency. The cost of this monitoring was estimated, and scenarios for sustainability have been proposed. Contributing to lower costs through a better understanding of technical and economic performance of farmers, the service management operations will improve the competitiveness of locally produced milk with imported products. [less ▲]

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See detailCost monitoring to promote the value added for clam raising farmers in the Northern area of Vietnam
Bui Thi, Nga; Tran Thu, Hoai; Tran Huu, Cuong et al

Conference (2014, September 02)

Clam farming in coastal provinces of Vietnam has notably developed since the last decade. It generated high income, improve socio-economic development for many local communities. However, many clam ... [more ▼]

Clam farming in coastal provinces of Vietnam has notably developed since the last decade. It generated high income, improve socio-economic development for many local communities. However, many clam raising farms are facing difficulties of farm management, disease control, markets and systems of quality control. This research aims to study about the real situation of cost monitoring in the clam raising farms in the Northern area of Vietnam and suggest some recommendation for apply a suitable model for cost monitoring to promote the value added for farmers. The paper based on the semi-structure, standard questionnaires and PRA method to collect data from 89 clam raising farms in two coastal provinces (Nam Dinh and Thai Binh) in the Northern area of Vietnam in 2014. The findings show that clam raising provides farmers a chance of getting high income parallel with high risk. There were 32.15% surveyed farms got profit, 32.14% of them met the breakeven and 35.71% was lost. The study finds out four key factors affecting farms’ economic performance and efficiency. The first is capacity of farm cost control as the cost for clam raising was very high at 8,142 to 9,190 USD per ha. The second is the farmers’ experience, skill, technique and ability of risk control. The third is low, unstable market price and unsuitable market channel with the dominant of the traders. Final factors is the area and location of clam raising. Despite of these difficulties, 55.14% surveyed farms still want to expand their production, 25% of them will continue, and only 17.86% will stop or change to other activities. In order to promote the value added for clam raising farmers, cost control should be paid more attention, improvement of the farmers’ capacity is necessary, and market should be regarded. [less ▲]

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See detailCost of hospital care for HIV/AIDS infected patients in three general reference hospitals in Lubumbashi, DR Congo: prospective cohort study
Mundongo Tshamba, Henri; Mukeng a Kaut, Clarence; Mulubwa Kyalubile, Nono et al

in PanAfrican Medical Journal (2013), 15(76), 1-9

Introduction: This article analyses the composition of healthcare costs for HIV/AIDS infected patients in a country with limited resources and attempts to identify the factors that influence these costs ... [more ▼]

Introduction: This article analyses the composition of healthcare costs for HIV/AIDS infected patients in a country with limited resources and attempts to identify the factors that influence these costs. The aims are to calculate medical care costs, analysing how they vary depending on patients' income, and to evaluate the factors explaining healthcare consumption. Methods: This is a prospective cohort study focusing on patients who were admitted to hospital for a short stay between January 2010 and June 2011, before their integration into a specialised program. The patients were selected randomly. Free consent was obtained from all participants. Data were analysed using the SPSS 19.0 software. The significance threshold was set at 5% and the CI (Confidence Interval) at 95%. We used Kruskal-Wallis tests, Fisher's exact test and multiple linear regression. Results: We monitored 209 patients. Their average age was 36.37 years (SD: 8.72). The sex ratio was 0.58 and the women patients were generally younger than the male ones (p=0.011). The overall cost of healthcare amounted to $US 41,922. The cost of Antiretroviral Therapy represented 21.6% ($US 9,045). The price of para-clinical examinations represented 46% ($US 19,136) of the overall cost. The patient's average monthly income was $US 157.40 whereas the average direct cost per patient was$US 201.45. Both monthly income (t=4.385; p=0.0000) and education level (t=3.703 p=0.0003) were statistically significant predictive factors for healthcare consumption. The medical care costs for patients with opportunistic infections were nine times higher than those for patients who presented none. The presence of opportunistic infections increased healthcare consumption by approximately 31$ US (CI 95%: 15-46.9). Conclusion: The average direct cost for patients on each short-term stay was higher than the average monthly income. To be able to access the necessary services, the patients need additional resources, which are derived from various sources. Monthly income and the level of education were both statistically significant predictors for healthcare consumption. The analysis allows us to extend the study by using different analytical accounting approaches such as by case and by pathology. [less ▲]

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See detail“Cost Structure”, Deliverable of IP FP6 INTERSHIP project “Design for Production”
Rigo, Philippe ULg; Caprace, Jean-David

Report (2005)

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See detailCost, return analysis and constraints in livestock production and marketing in Hai Duong, Vietnam
Le Thi Minh, Chau ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Nguyen, Tuan Son

in Kovacevic, Dusan (Ed.) IV International Symposium "Agrosym 2013" : Proceedings (2013)

The study, using the survey data from 145 livestock production households, showed that livestock contributed significant parts to the households’ income. Given a production unit, the high investment in ... [more ▼]

The study, using the survey data from 145 livestock production households, showed that livestock contributed significant parts to the households’ income. Given a production unit, the high investment in inputs and the considerable experience in production and marketing created higher income for the livestock-based group than that for the non livestock-based group. However, the farmers perceived some constraints relating to both production and marketing. The result from the Garrett’s ranking technique presented the ranking position of constraints, respectively included the livestock disease, the limited credit access, the high and rapid increase in feed price, the high volatility of output price, and the insufficiency of market information and weak bargaining power. [less ▲]

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See detailCost-benefit analysis of mass vaccination campaign against H5N1 in small scale production systems in Vietnam. Part I: Economical results in Long An province
Phan Dang, Thang ULg; Stéphanie Desvaux; Vu Dinh Ton et al

Poster (2007, August 19)

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) caused by H5N1 virus has become endemic in some developing countries and millions of birds have been culled with large economical and sociological impacts. Since ... [more ▼]

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) caused by H5N1 virus has become endemic in some developing countries and millions of birds have been culled with large economical and sociological impacts. Since the end of the first vaccination campaign in Vietnam limited outbreaks in non-vaccinated domestic poultry have been reported. However, the virus is still circulating as confirmed by routine surveillance programs. Vaccination is a useful tool to be used to eradicate the disease, but the cost-benefit impact of different strategy needs first to be addressed at local level, where implementation is decided. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-benefit impact of Vietnam mass vaccination program at local level. This poster presents the first step in the cost-benefit analysis: the partial economical analysis of the vaccination within Vietnam provinces. Only the results in Long An province (South) are presented here. [less ▲]

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See detailCost-effective media for the rapid and high resolution of small DNA fragments using polyacrylamide-based electrophoresis
Negro, S. S.; Cloots, Rudi ULg; Gemmell, N. J.

in Molecular Ecology Notes (2006), 6(3), 609-612

Current Tris-based solutions for DNA electrophoresis produce a positive feedback loop between current and temperature at high voltage, resulting in long running times for the separation of even small DNA ... [more ▼]

Current Tris-based solutions for DNA electrophoresis produce a positive feedback loop between current and temperature at high voltage, resulting in long running times for the separation of even small DNA fragments. We optimized the separation of small DNA fragments (90-300 bp) in polyacrylamide-based electrophoresis at high voltages (200volts/cm) by substituting Tris with low concentration alkali salts (e.g. 1 mm LiCl and CsCl). These media reduced the heat produced during electrophoresis, enhanced the DNA fragment resolution, and allowed gels to be run at higher voltages, reducing gel running times by 25%. In addition, the elimination of Tris and EDTA from the buffer reduced material costs approximately 10-fold. © 2006 The Authors. [less ▲]

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See detailCost-effectiveness analysis applied to the veterinary medicine: The economic value of packed cell value in the prognosis of horse surgical colic
Detilleux, Johann ULg; Serteyn, Didier ULg

in International Journal of Applied Research in Veterinary Medicine (2005), 3(4), 309-318

Techniques of cost-effectiveness analyses were applied to determine whether or not it is economically efficient to measure the packed cell volume (PCV) on a colic horse before deciding on abdominal ... [more ▼]

Techniques of cost-effectiveness analyses were applied to determine whether or not it is economically efficient to measure the packed cell volume (PCV) on a colic horse before deciding on abdominal surgery. The effects of this decision of uncertainty on the estimated values of the parameters (probability of survival after surgery, surgery costs, PCV positive predictive value, and length of survival after surgery) were considered along with the monetary values of collecting additional information on those parameters. The effects of uncertainty on the incremental net benefits of each alternative were depicted by tornado diagrams, cost-effectiveness acceptability curves, and posterior probability distributions. The worth of additional information was computed as the expected values of perfect and sampling information. Given previously published results, the best PCV cut-off point to distinguish between survivors and nonsurvivors was at 44%. At this threshold, the most economically effective alternative is to measure PCV before surgery providing the owner is willing to pay less than €672 for each year the horse survives. Uncertainty on probability of survival after surgery largely influenced the decision whether or not to measure the PCV, but one should spend at most €381 in research to reduce this uncertainty. A study of postoperative survival of 500 colic horses would ensure an expected gain of €370 associated with a reduction in uncertainty. [less ▲]

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See detailCost-effectiveness model for sofosbuvir in chronic hepatitis C
De Groote, K; Michielsen, P; DELWAIDE, Jean ULg

in Value in Health (2014, November)

Pan-genotypic cost-effectiveness has been demonstrated for sofosbuvir in comparison for the current standard of care in HCV in Belgium. Overall, the wheghted pan-genotypic ICER is 15.575 Euros.

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See detailCost-effectiveness of bazedoxifene compared with raloxifene in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporotic women
Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Ben Sedrine, Wafa ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2012, March), 23(Suppl. 2), 312-313

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See detailCost-effectiveness of bazedoxifene compared with raloxifene in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporotic women.
Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Ben Sedrine, Wafa ULg; REGINSTER, Jean-Yves ULg

in Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (2013), 28(4), 807-15

Bazedoxifene is a novel selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. In addition to the therapeutic value of a new agent, evaluation of the cost ... [more ▼]

Bazedoxifene is a novel selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. In addition to the therapeutic value of a new agent, evaluation of the cost-effectiveness compared with relevant alternative treatment(s) is an important consideration to facilitate healthcare decision making. This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of bazedoxifene compared with raloxifene for the treatment of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. The cost-effectiveness of treatment for 3 years with bazedoxifene was compared with raloxifene using an updated version of a previously validated Markov microsimulation model. Analyses were conducted from a Belgian healthcare payer perspective and, the base-case population was women (aged 70 years) with bone mineral density T-score </= -2.5. The effects of bazedoxifene and raloxifene on fracture risk were derived from the 3-year results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled and active-controlled study, including postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. The cost-effectiveness analysis based on efficacy data from the overall clinical trial indicated that bazedoxifene and raloxifene were equally cost-effective. When the results were examined based on the subgroup analysis of women at higher risk of fractures, bazedoxifene was dominant (lower cost for higher effectiveness) compared with raloxifene in most of the simulations. Sensitivity analyses confirmed the robustness of the results, which were largely independent of starting age of treatment, fracture risk, cost, and disutility. In addition, when the cost of raloxifene was reduced by one-half or when incorporating the raloxifene effects on reducing breast cancer, bazedoxifene remained cost-effective, at a threshold of euro35,000 per quality-adjusted life-years gained, in 85% and 68% of the simulations, respectively. Under the assumption of improved antifracture efficacy of bazedoxifene over raloxifene in women with high risk of fractures, this study suggests that bazedoxifene can be considered cost-effective, and even dominant, when compared with raloxifene in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporotic women. [less ▲]

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See detailCost-effectiveness of Denosumab compared with generic alendronate in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporotic women
Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis International (2011, March), 22(Suppl.1), 112-113

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See detailCost-effectiveness of denosumab in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporotic women.
Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Boonen, Annelies; Dirksen, Carmen D. et al

in Expert review of pharmacoeconomics & outcomes research (2013), 13(1), 19-28

Denosumab is a novel biological agent for the treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women with increased risk of fractures. With limited healthcare resources, economic evaluations are increasingly ... [more ▼]

Denosumab is a novel biological agent for the treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women with increased risk of fractures. With limited healthcare resources, economic evaluations are increasingly being used by decision-makers to optimize healthcare resource allocation. The cost-effectiveness of denosumab has been evaluated in various studies, and a systematic literature study was conducted up to April 2012 to identify all published research articles and research abstracts presented at various congresses. This article provides a systematic review of four articles and eight abstracts reporting on the cost-effectiveness of denosumab in the treatment of osteoporosis. In most economic evaluations, denosumab has been considered as a cost-effective treatment compared with first-line and second-line options (including generic alendronate) in the treatment of women with high risk of fractures. [less ▲]

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See detailCost-effectiveness of mass screening and targeted biphosphonates treatment in osteoporosis
Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Ethgen, Olivier ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2008, April), 19(S1), 117

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See detailCost-effectiveness of osteoporosis screening campaign for Belgian women
Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Ethgen, Olivier ULg et al

in Value in Health (2007, October), 10(6), 395

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 ULg)