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Peer Reviewed
See detailLe commerce équitable : leçons d’expériences
Duquesne, Brigitte ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (26 ULiège)
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See detailLe commerce équitable entre le Vietnam et l’Union européenne : enjeux et perspectives
Duquesne, Brigitte ULiege

in Les cahiers de l'Association Tiers-Monde (2008), 23

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See detailLe commerce équitable face aux nouveaux défis commerciaux : évolution des dynamiques d'acteurs
Charlier, Sophie; Haynes, Isabelle; Bach, Amandine et al

Report (2006)

Growth of fair trade markets, especially through the big retail companies, confront traditional actors, mainly NGO'S, to new challenges of competition, new market requirements. These dynamics imply ... [more ▼]

Growth of fair trade markets, especially through the big retail companies, confront traditional actors, mainly NGO'S, to new challenges of competition, new market requirements. These dynamics imply redefinition of organising and constitutional norms. The report examines these debates. Through four case studies in southern countries it shows the implications of these debates on southern dynamics and pleads for a new constitution of fair trade. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 533 (12 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCommerce et âges. Les jeunes et les seniors, des acteurs et des cibles privilégiés
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULiege; Wegnez, Léon ULiege

in Gasnier, Arnaud; Lemarchand, Nathalie (Eds.) Le commerce dans tous ses états. Espaces marchands et enjeux de société (2014)

Analysis of the role of age in the purchasing behavior and inclusion of this feature by distributors with focus on young and seniors

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (7 ULiège)
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See detailLe commerce et la ville. Quels enseignements tirés du Congrès Urbanicum 2014
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULiege

in Distribution d'Aujourd'hui (2014), Octobre-Décembre

Short report on the changes of urban commerce. Proposals to better integrate trade into town

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (2 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCommerce et mondialisation. Les logiques d'expansion des firmes
Barata-Salgueiro, Teresa; Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULiege

in Gasnier, Arnaud; Lemarchand, Nathalie (Eds.) Le commerce dans tous ses états. Espaces marchands et enjeux de société (2014)

Analysis of the internationalization of firms in the distribution: process, profile of firms, choice of locations, factors of internationalization and formulas used

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (5 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCommerce et opérateurs immobiliers. Un marché en voie de financiarisation
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULiege; Nappi-Choulet, Ingrid

in Gasnier, Arnaud; Lemarchand, Nathalie (Eds.) Le commerce dans tous ses états. Espaces marchands et enjeux de société (2014)

Short analysis of commercial real estate in its various forms with evidence of recent market financialization

Detailed reference viewed: 96 (0 ULiège)
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See detailLe commerce sensible des biens à double usage : analyses des législations européennes et des États-Unis
Rasson, Frédéric ULiege

Master's dissertation (2009)

L’Union européenne a réglementé le commerce sensible des biens et technologies à double usage. Quelles différences existent entre le système harmonisé européen de contrôle sur les exportations d’articles ... [more ▼]

L’Union européenne a réglementé le commerce sensible des biens et technologies à double usage. Quelles différences existent entre le système harmonisé européen de contrôle sur les exportations d’articles à double usage et le contrôle organisé par les États-Unis ? [less ▲]

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See detailCommercial crisis
De Laveleye, Émile ULiege

in Encyclopoedia Americana (1868)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (0 ULiège)
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See detailCommercial farming of Leiolepis guttata in Binh Thuan province, Vietnam: implications for conservation and management
Rochette, Anne-Julie; Tran, Tinh ULiege; De Martynoff, Abigail et al

in Herpetological Conservation and Biology (2015), 10(1),

Since the first Indochinese war, natural populations of Leiolepis guttata have been hunted for their meat in southeastern Vietnam as a subsistence meal; nowadays, it has become a luxury delicacy ... [more ▼]

Since the first Indochinese war, natural populations of Leiolepis guttata have been hunted for their meat in southeastern Vietnam as a subsistence meal; nowadays, it has become a luxury delicacy. Commercial farms have become established since 2004 because of wild population declines and increasing demand for meat. We interviewed farmers and restaurateurs about the breeding and trade of the species to better understand the impact on wild populations. The results highlight the recent flourishing expansion of farming with rapidly increasing product prices and number of farms, as well as the ease and profitability of this activity. Wild population declines are widely acknowledged by authorities and local communities. Farms are being regarded as conservation pools to offset wild stock depletion, in addition to an important source of income. We discuss the risks associated with this trade development and we emphasize the conservation implications. Demand for lizards as founders for farms and for meat are likely to increase further, but risks exist that the development of new farms would saturate the market causing prices to ultimately fall. Habitat destruction and over-collecting severely reduce wild populations, but the high densities of farmed lizards raise serious genetic and sanitary issues. We suggest that further information should be collected to assess the sustainability of this trade. Priority should be given to the assessment of natural population densities and hunting effort. Biological patterns of this species are poorly documented and sound knowledge would enable better management of farms, and if this species is recognized as endangered could lead restrictions on harvesting of wild populations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (9 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa commercialisation d’un ouvrage
Kohl, Benoît ULiege

Conference (2009, January 29)

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See detailCommercialisation des produits agricoles vivriers dans la Province du Sud-Kivu (RDC) : mesure de l'intégration des marchés ruraux
Vwima Ngezirabona, Stany ULiege; Mastaki, Jean-Luc; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in Reyntjens, F.; Vandeginste, S.; Verpoorten, M. (Eds.) L'Afrique des Grands Lacs : Annuaire 2011-2012 (2012)

This article analyzes the current system of marketing of food products in the province of South Kivu and its implications for producer prices and market integration. The study results are twofold. First ... [more ▼]

This article analyzes the current system of marketing of food products in the province of South Kivu and its implications for producer prices and market integration. The study results are twofold. First, we find that the food producers hold only a small share of the marketing margin, while the bulk of the margin is captured by intermediate traders. Second, we find that the markets for bean and sorghum are integrated, which may be explained by the preponderance of these products in the diet of the population. On the other hand, market integration of maize and cassava is low, which may be due to the difficult market access conditions, in terms of taxes and red tape, rampant insecurity, inadequate means of transport, poor roads, as well as lack of information, with the information asymmetry working to the disadvantage of small-scale food producers. Finally, our analysis of the evolution and variation in average prices of food products confirms that the City of Bukavu is the area of consumption, that Katana is the collection area of food products and that Nyangezi although rural, is not a major collection area, and actually is a food deficit area with rampant malnutrition. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 389 (47 ULiège)
See detailLa commercialisation des produits éthiques: études de cas dans les secteurs de l'alimentation bio et équitable
Mouchamps, Hugues ULiege

Master's dissertation (2003)

Social enterprises commercializing ethical products present shortcomings in their marketing strategies, especially in the place and promotion dimensions.

Detailed reference viewed: 104 (13 ULiège)
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See detailEl commercio justo como une arena y un proyecto de desarrollo. El caso de los cafeicultores en la region de Matagalpa.
Pleyers, Geoffrey; Pirotte, Gautier ULiege

in Encuentro. Revista de la Universidad Centroamericana (Nicaragua) (2004), XXXVI(67), 132-149

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (4 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes commissaires d'Action française
Schmidt, Anne-Catherine ULiege

in Audigier, François (Ed.) Histoire des services d'ordre en France du XIXème siècle à nos jours (2017, February)

Les discours et les actes violents des camelots du roi sont bien connus et ont régulièrement été évoqués par l'historiographie. En revanche, l'organisation des commissaires d'Action française, chargés du ... [more ▼]

Les discours et les actes violents des camelots du roi sont bien connus et ont régulièrement été évoqués par l'historiographie. En revanche, l'organisation des commissaires d'Action française, chargés du maintien de l'ordre dans les manifestations, est assez méconnue. Ce papier tente d'y remédier. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULiège)
See detailCommission d'étude sur le financement général des communes germanophone. Rapport final
Jurion, Bernard ULiege; Dubois, Olivier; Goblet, Manferd et al

Report (2008)

Report analyzing the sharing formula of the Municipal Fund for the municipalities of the German-Speaking Community of Belgium and proposing alternative formulas.

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 ULiège)