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See detailCultured neurons release an inhibitor of astroglia proliferation (astrostatine).
Rogister, Bernard ULg; Leprince, Pierre ULg; Bonhomme, Vincent ULg et al

in Journal of Neuroscience Research (1990), 25(1), 58-70

Using in vitro techniques, we looked for a possible downregulation of rat astroglia proliferation by neuronal cells. We demonstrate that medium conditioned by 7-day-old rat cerebellar granule neurons or ... [more ▼]

Using in vitro techniques, we looked for a possible downregulation of rat astroglia proliferation by neuronal cells. We demonstrate that medium conditioned by 7-day-old rat cerebellar granule neurons or by 16-day-old rat embryo hippocampal neurons strongly inhibits the proliferation of cultured astroglial cells. Two neuronal cell lines, the PC12 rat pheocromocytoma and the neuro 2A (N2A) murine neuroblastoma also release such an activity. This release in N2A-conditioned medium (CM) occurs when the cells are at high density and show a low proliferation rate. This activity is present in media conditioned by neuronal cells, but not in media conditioned by normal astrocytes, by two glioma cell lines, or by one fibroblastic cell line. This proliferation inhibitor addresses normal astrocytes: the proliferation of two glioma cell lines, of a fibroblastic cell line, and of the two neuronal cell lines (PC12, N2A) is not inhibited by N2A CM. Moreover, this activity is directed against type 1 astrocytes, but not against type 2. Using three different assays, we demonstrate that DNA synthesis by astroglial cells is inhibited. N2A CM has no cytotoxic effect on astrocytes and does not modify their overall protein synthesis. Using affinity and gel filtration chromatography, we show that this activity is associated with a protein whose molecular weight ranges between 15 and 20 kDa. The possible relationship between this N2A cell-derived astroglia proliferation inhibitor and other types of potential glial proliferation inhibitors has been investigated. A brain glycoprotein immunologically related to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) was reported to inhibit astroglial cell proliferation in vitro. Using polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies against EGFR, we were unable to immunoprecipitate the astrocyte proliferation inhibitor in N2A CM or to demonstrate by immunoblotting the presence of an EGFR-like immunoreactivity in the N2A CM or in the active chromatographic fractions of N2A CM. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) is a well-known modulator of the proliferation of various cell types and was shown to be present in N2A CM. Using a polyclonal anti-TGF beta antibody that recognizes TGF beta on Western blots of N2A CM, we were unable to immunoprecipitate the astrocyte proliferation inhibitor of N2A CM. It seems thus far that the neuronal astroglia proliferation inhibitor is a new protein for which we propose the name astrostatine. [less ▲]

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See detailCultured Oligodendrocyte Progenitors Derived from Cerebral Cortex Express a Glycine Receptor Which Is Pharmacologically Distinct from the Neuronal Isoform
Belachew, Shibeshih ULg; Rogister, Bernard ULg; Rigo, Jean-Michel et al

in European Journal of Neuroscience (1998), 10(11), 3556-64

Using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, we demonstrate glycine-induced currents in oligosphere-derived oligodendrocyte progenitors cultured from newborn rats. Similar inward currents are also ... [more ▼]

Using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, we demonstrate glycine-induced currents in oligosphere-derived oligodendrocyte progenitors cultured from newborn rats. Similar inward currents are also triggered by beta-alanine and taurine, two established glycine receptor agonists. In our recording conditions, glycine-gated currents in oligodendrocyte progenitors reverse about 0 mV and are reversibly inhibited by the glycine competitive antagonist strychnine, the Cl- channel blocker picrotoxinin and the non-competitive antagonist cyanotriphenylborate. The oligodendrocyte progenitors glycine receptor (GlyR) differs from the corresponding neuronal receptor: [3H]strychnine binding data and the strychnine inhibition curve of glycine-induced currents in oligodendrocyte progenitor cultures suggest the existence of two strychnine binding sites on the oligodendroglial GlyR. Using total RNA isolated from oligodendrocyte progenitors cultures, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis of glycine receptor subunit expression shows the presence of alpha2 and beta subunits and immunocytochemical stainings confirm that this GlyR contains an alpha subunit which is not alpha1. The molecular structure of the oligodendroglial GlyR could be either homopentameric alpha2 or heteromeric alpha2beta but in both cases, the sequence of the alpha2 or beta subunits have to be different from the known neuronal sequences in order to explain, respectively, the cyanotriphenylborate (alpha2) and picrotoxinin (beta) sensitivities. This work thus demonstrates that GlyR are expressed by oligodendrocytes obtained not only from spinal cord but also from supraspinal structures. The pharmacological properties and presumably the molecular structure of oligodendroglial GlyR are original. The physiological meaning of the presence of such receptors on developing and mature oligodendrocytes remains unknown. [less ▲]

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See detailCultures de cellules dissociées d'hémispheres cérébraux à composate essentiellement neuronale
Jaros, G. G.; Moonen, Gustave ULg; Sensenbrenner, M. et al

in Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences. Série D : Sciences Naturelles (1975), 280(3), 327-30

Four methods are described to obtain pure neuronal cultures from chick embryo cerebral hemispheres. In our experimental conditions the proliferation of the glial cells in inhibited and cultures of either ... [more ▼]

Four methods are described to obtain pure neuronal cultures from chick embryo cerebral hemispheres. In our experimental conditions the proliferation of the glial cells in inhibited and cultures of either low or high neuronal density are obtained. The isolated neurons, however, did not survive longer than 8 to 10 days; the contact with glial cells seems to be necessary for the maintenance of the neurons in long-term cultures. [less ▲]

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See detailCultures de la qualité des services et cultures de l'accompagnement dans le secteur de l'éducation des jeunes enfants : essai de théorisation
Pirard, Florence ULg

Doctoral thesis (2005)

La thèse se présente comme un essai de théorisation des conceptions de la qualité des services et de leur accompagnement dans le secteur de l'éducation des jeunes enfants. Elle appréhende celles-ci sous ... [more ▼]

La thèse se présente comme un essai de théorisation des conceptions de la qualité des services et de leur accompagnement dans le secteur de l'éducation des jeunes enfants. Elle appréhende celles-ci sous le prisme de cultures, marquant le caractère construit de l'objet de recherche. Inspirée des méthodologies de la théorisation ancrée, elle propose deux approches complémentaires. La première interroge les usages de la notion de qualité dans les recherches sur l'éducation des jeunes enfants de manière à la fois diachronique et internationale ainsi que la référence à l'accompagnement dans les publications récentes parues en sciences de l'éducation et de la formation. La deuxième approche consiste à analyser les conceptions de la qualité des services et de leur accompagnement dans des débats menés dans des dispositifs de formation que l'auteure a elle-même mis en place. [less ▲]

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See detailCultures in vitro de tissus vegetaux et protection de l'environnement.
Semal, J.; Lepoivre, Philippe ULg; Kummert, J. et al

Book (1987)

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See detailCultures maraîchères et insectes utiles
Francis, Frédéric ULg; Colignon, Pierre; Haubruge, Eric ULg

in Le Canard déchaîné du Kauwberg (2003), 46

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See detailCumulate origin and polybaric crystallization of Fe-Ti oxide ores in the Suwalki anorthosite, northeastern Poland
Charlier, Bernard ULg; Namur, Olivier ULg; Duchesne, Jean Clair et al

in Economic Geology (2009), 104

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See detailCumulation and injury determination of the European Community in antidumping cases
Tharakan, P. K. M.; Greenaway, David; Tharakan, Joseph ULg

in Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv (1998)

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See detailCumulative effect of Aox1 inactivation and N source modulation on the cellular proteome of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii - New insights in the metabolic interconnexion between respiration and photosynthesis
Gerin, Stéphanie ULg; Mathy, Grégory; Franck, Fabrice ULg

Conference (2014, April 14)

In Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, the Aox1 gene encoding the mitochondrial alternative oxidase (AOX) is tightly regulated by the N source: its transcription is stimulated by nitrate and repressed by ammonium ... [more ▼]

In Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, the Aox1 gene encoding the mitochondrial alternative oxidase (AOX) is tightly regulated by the N source: its transcription is stimulated by nitrate and repressed by ammonium. AOX has been proposed to play a key role in regards to the N source by acting as a trigger factor for the TCA cycle to promote the production of reduced cofactors which, together with photo-generated reductant, could contribute to support nitrate assimilation. In the present work, the cellular proteomes of wild-type and AOX-deficient strains grown either on nitrate or ammonium in the presence of acetate have been compared using two dimensional-differential in-gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) coupled to hierarchical clustering and ANOVA-2 statistical analyses in order to further investigate the physiological role(s) of AOX, particularly in regards to the N source. The dramatic up-regulation of chloroplastic components of the carbon-concentrating mechanism (CCM) in response to Aox1 inactivation importantly suggests that AOX plays a key role in the CCM in both N sources by allowing the production of CO2 through the TCA cycle. The concomitant down-regulation of photorespiratory enzymes in cells lacking AOX indicates that such an induction of the CCM could actually be sufficient to over-compensate the effects of AOX deficiency on CO2 availability in the local environment of Rubisco and maintain high rates of inorganic carbon fixation despite lower TCA cycle-mediated CO2 production. The global overexpression of diverse photosynthetic chain and Calvin cycle components in cells lacking AOX further evidences that a tight functional relationship exists between mitochondrial and chloroplastic processes of energy transduction, and that there could be a global redirection of bioenergetics towards photosynthesis to limit the harmful consequences (particularly oxidative stress) of mitochondrial deficiency. The observation that numerous N-responsive proteomic modifications are strongly attenuated (or even abolished) in response to Aox1 inactivation supports that AOX also exerts a more specific role as a central effector of the metabolic plasticity induced by modulating the N source in the growth medium. Our proteomic results tend notably to confirm that respiration (through AOX activity) and photosynthesis collaborate to provide nitrate reduction with electrons in mixotrophic condition and that acetate oxidation could be promoted to support AOX involvement in this context. [less ▲]

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See detailCumulative effects of road de-icing salt on amphibian behavior
Denoël, Mathieu ULg; Bichot, Marion; Ficetola, G. Francesco et al

in Aquatic Toxicology (2010), 99(2), 275-280

Despite growing evidence of the detrimental effect of chemical substances on organisms, limited research has focused on changes in behavioral patterns, in part due to the difficulties to obtain detailed ... [more ▼]

Despite growing evidence of the detrimental effect of chemical substances on organisms, limited research has focused on changes in behavioral patterns, in part due to the difficulties to obtain detailed quantitative data. Recent developments in efficient computer-based video analyses have allowed testing pesticide effects on model species such as the zebrafish. However, these new techniques have not yet been applied to amphibians and directly to conservation issues, i.e. to assess toxicological risks on threatened species. We used video tracking analyses to test a quantitative effect of an environmental contaminant on the locomotion of amphibian tadpoles (Rana temporaria) by taking into account cumulative effects. Because recent research has demonstrated effects of de-icing salts on survival and community structure, we used sodium chloride in our experimental design (25 replicates, 4 concentrations, 4 times) to test for an effect at the scale of behavior at environmentally relevant concentrations. Analysis of 372 1-hr video-tracks (5 samples per sec) showed a complex action of salts on behavioral patterns with a dose and cumulative response over time. Although no effects were found on mortality or growth, the highest salt concentrations reduced the speed and movement of tadpoles in comparison with control treatments. The reduced locomotor performance could have detrimental consequences in terms of tadpoles’ responses to competition and predation and may be an indicator of the low concentration effect of the contaminant. On one hand, this study demonstrates the usefulness of examining behavior to address conservation issues and understand the complex action of environmental factors and, more particularly, pollutants on organisms. On the other hand, our results highlight the need of new computerized techniques to quantitatively analyze these patterns. [less ▲]

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See detailCumulative isomerization probability by various transition state wave packet methods including the MCTDH algorithm
Lasorne, Benjamin; Gatti, Fabien; Baloïtcha, Ezinvy et al

in Journal of Chemical Physics (2004), 121

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See detailCumulative pregnancy rate after ICSI-IVF in patients with colorectal endometriosis: results of a multicentre study.
Ballester, Marcos; d'Argent, EM; Morcel, K et al

in Human Reproduction (2012), 27(4), 1043-9

BACKGROUND: There is currently no consensus about indications for surgery for infertility associated with colorectal endometriosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate cumulative pregnancy rates (CPRs ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: There is currently no consensus about indications for surgery for infertility associated with colorectal endometriosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate cumulative pregnancy rates (CPRs) after ICSI-IVF cycles in patients with colorectal endometriosis and to identify determinant factors of fertility outcome. METHODS: Prospective longitudinal multicentre study from January 2005 to June 2011. We included 75 patients with colorectal endometriosis and proved infertility without prior surgery for deep infiltrating endometriosis. Univariable analysis was used to identify determinant factors of pregnancy rate. CPR was calculated using cumulative-incidence methods from log-rank test and Kaplan-Meier curves. For multivariable analysis, Cox proportional hazards model was used. RESULTS: For CPR per patient analysis, the total number of cycles was 113 and the median number of cycles per patient was 1 (range: 1-3). In the whole population the CPR per patient after three ICSI-IVF cycles was 68.6%. The CPR for patients with or without associated adenomyosis was 19 and 82.4%, respectively (P= 0.01). In addition, a patient age over 35 years (P= 0.02) and anti-Mullerian hormone serum level under 2 ng/ml (P= 0.02) were associated with a decreased CPR per patient. At multivariable analysis, adenomyosis [HR = 0.34, 95% CI (0.12-0.99), P= 0.49] was associated with a decreased CPR. CONCLUSIONS: Our data confirm that ICSI-IVF offers a high CPR per patient. However, determinant factors of CPR should be taken into account when informing couples of their options. [less ▲]

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See detailCumulative reaction probability by constrained dynamics: H transfer in HCN, H2CO, and H3CO
Baloitcha, Ezinvi; Lasorne, Benjamin; Lauvergnat, David et al

in Journal of Chemical Physics (2002), 117(2), 727-739

A strategy to obtain quantum corrections to the cumulative reaction probability from a subspace of active coordinates is analyzed. The kinetic energy operator exactly takes into account the constraints ... [more ▼]

A strategy to obtain quantum corrections to the cumulative reaction probability from a subspace of active coordinates is analyzed. The kinetic energy operator exactly takes into account the constraints due to inactive coordinates. The geometry of the inactive skeleton is adiabatically adjusted to the dynamical variables or simply frozen according to the coupling to the active space. Dynamics is carried out using the curvilinear coordinates of the Z-matrix so that computation of the potential energy surface and dynamics are coupled. The cumulative reaction probability N(E) is obtained directly in a large range of energy by a time independent formulation of the Zhang and Light transition state wave packet method. N-nD(E) is first computed in the active n-dimensional space and then convoluted with a bath. The efficiency of the Chebyshev expansion of the microcanonical projection operator delta(E-(H) over cap (nD)) appearing in the quantum expression of N-nD(E) is checked. The method is implemented for the study of tunneling effect in H transfer. The coordinates are three spherical coordinates referred to the frozen or adiabatic skeleton. We compare the quantum corrections brought about by different 2D groups of internal coordinates. (C) 2002 American Institute of Physics. [less ▲]

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See detailCumulative Time in Band (cTIB): Glycemic Level, Variability and Patient Outcome All in 1
Penning, Sophie ULg; Signal, Matthew; Preiser, Jean-Charles et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (2012, October), 38 (Suppl 1)

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See detailCumulative time in band (cTIB): glycemic level, variability and patient outcome all in one
Penning, Sophie ULg; Signal, Matthew; Preiser, Jean-Charles et al

Conference (2012, October 15)

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See detailCumulative time in band (cTIB): glycemic level, variability and patient outcome vs mortality
Penning, Sophie ULg; Signal, M; Preiser, JC et al

in Proceedings of ANZICS 2012 (2012)

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See detailCumulative time in band: glycemic level, variability and patient outcome vs. mortality
Penning, Sophie ULg; Signal, Matthew; Preiser, Jean-Charles et al

Poster (2012, October)

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