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See detailCross-border aspects of intellectual property rights
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

Learning material (2013)

This presentation serves as basis for a 6-hours seminar on private international aspects of intellectual property. The focus of the seminar is on the application of rules of European private international ... [more ▼]

This presentation serves as basis for a 6-hours seminar on private international aspects of intellectual property. The focus of the seminar is on the application of rules of European private international law to intellectual property litigation. The seminar is part of an LL.M. on European competitition law and intellectual property rights (www.ieje.net). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 107 (11 ULg)
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See detailCross-Border insolvency in the EU : a Primer
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

Learning material (2011)

This short presentation attempts to provide in a nutshell an overview of the European Insolvency Regulation.

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (0 ULg)
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See detailCross-Border Loss Compensation: State and Critique of the Judicature
Richelle, Isabelle ULg

in Richelle, Isabelle; Traversa, Edoardo; Schön, Wolfgang (Eds.) Allocating Taxing Powers within the European Union (2013)

- Addresses key issues for the allocation of taxing powers in the European Union - Looks at fundamental questions of direct taxation - Covers a broad range of aspects such as limited tax liability, losses ... [more ▼]

- Addresses key issues for the allocation of taxing powers in the European Union - Looks at fundamental questions of direct taxation - Covers a broad range of aspects such as limited tax liability, losses or transfer pricing The contributions to this volume try to overcome the traditional approach of the judicature of the European Court of Justice regarding the application of the fundamental freedoms in direct taxation that is largely built on a non-discrimination test. In this volume, outstanding authors cover various aspects of the national and international tax order when European law meets domestic taxation. This includes testing traditional pillars of income taxation – ability-to-pay, source and residence, abuse of law, arm’s length standard – with respect to their place in the emerging European tax order as well as substantial matters of co-existence between different tax systems that are not covered by the non-discrimination approach such as mutual recognition, cross-border loss compensation or avoidance of double taxation. The overarching goal is to flesh out the extent to which a substantive “allocation of taxing powers” within the European Union is on its way to a convincing overall framework and to stretch the discussion “beyond discrimination”. [less ▲]

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See detailCross-Border Same Sex Relationships - Private international law aspects
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

Conference (2011, April)

This presentation attempts to give an overview of the private international law rules pertaining to same sex relationships (marriages and partnerships) in Europe, in order to examine whether there exists ... [more ▼]

This presentation attempts to give an overview of the private international law rules pertaining to same sex relationships (marriages and partnerships) in Europe, in order to examine whether there exists a consensus among the countries concerned, what are the difficulties arising out of the lack of consensus and how these difficulties can best be tackled. The proceedings of the conference will appear in a book published by Intersentia (Boele Woelki/Fuchs, Legal Recognition of Same-Sex Relationships in Europe, Antwerp, 2nd ed. 2011). [less ▲]

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See detailCross-calibration functions for soil CO2 efflux measurement systems
Ngao, Jerome; Longdoz, Bernard; Perrin, Dominique ULg et al

in Annals of Forest Science : a Multidisciplinary and International Journal (2006), 63(5), 477-484

Different soil CO2 efflux measurement systems and methodologies were used to estimate the annual soil respiration of different forest sites. To allow comparison between these annual values, this study ... [more ▼]

Different soil CO2 efflux measurement systems and methodologies were used to estimate the annual soil respiration of different forest sites. To allow comparison between these annual values, this study aimed to cross-calibrate five soil CO2 efflux (RS) closed dynamic chamber systems, and compare the in situ measurement methodologies. We first assessed the impact of the measurement methodology on RS by studying the effects of three parameters: record duration, time lag before starting to record and the mode of chamber-soil contact (use of collars or insertion of the chambers into the soil). Secondly, we directly compared systems with identical methodology during field measurements on three forest sites. We observed a significant influence of the chamber-soil contact mode (no impact of the record duration and duration before starting to record). Measurements obtained by insertion led to significantly higher estimates of RS than those obtained using collars (up to 28%). Our inter-comparison showed that deviations existing between in situ measurements performed with the different systems were partly systematic and could be corrected using simple linear equations. Measurements of pressure difference between the inside and the outside of soil chambers allowed explaining a part of the observed deviations between systems. Finally, we assessed the influence of the cross-calibration equations on annual respiration of two beech forest soils. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (3 ULg)
See detailCross-cultural "Nigerian" Writers
Tunca, Daria ULg

Conference (2005, July 01)

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See detail“Cross-Cultural Dialogues with Greek Classics: Walcott’s The Odyssey and Soyinka’s The Bacchae of Euripides.”
Bada, Valérie ULg

in Ariel : A Review of International English Literature (2000)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (6 ULg)
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See detailCross-cultural differences in teaching strategies, opportunities-to-learn and achievement in reading
Lafontaine, Dominique ULg; Monseur, Christian ULg; Baye, Ariane ULg et al

Conference (2013, August 31)

Using the PISA 2009 data from 43 education systems, the present study aimed at exploring to what extent is reading achievement of 15 year-olds explained by variations in reading curriculum. Factorial ... [more ▼]

Using the PISA 2009 data from 43 education systems, the present study aimed at exploring to what extent is reading achievement of 15 year-olds explained by variations in reading curriculum. Factorial analyses have been performed on the “reading for school” (RFS) variables. Four factors were extracted; configural, metric and scalar invariance were checked for, showing that configural and metric invariance were met, whereas scalar invariance was not. Correlations in each country were then computed between the 4 RFS factors and reading achievement score. Finally, Multi-level analyses were used to estimate the school and student level variance in reading achievement explained in each country by the 4 RFS factors and the students’ socioeconomic and cultural background. Two of the factors (interpretation of literary texts and use of non-continuous texts) were positively related to reading achievement and one (use of functional texts) was negatively related to reading in most of the countries. Interestingly, the factor Traditional literature course was negatively linked with achievement in many countries, but positively related to reading in a number of Asian countries. The multilevel analyses showed that more than half of the between-school variance on average could be explained by the RFS factors (uniquely or jointly with background variables). The between-school variance explained by the RFS factors was larger in tracked educational systems, suggesting that curricular variations in the language courses linked to tracking might have an impact on reading even if reading is not usually taught as a specific subject to 15-year-olds students. [less ▲]

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See detailCross-Cultural Patterns in the Work of Nicholas Jose
Delrez, Marc ULg

Conference (2000)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (1 ULg)
See detailCross-cultural perspectives on white-collar crime
Dantinne, Michaël ULg; Kellens, Georges ULg

in Buruma, Y.; Van Kempen, P. H.; Mertens, Th. (Eds.) Op het rechete pad (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (3 ULg)
See detailThe Cross-Dressed Caribbean: Writing, Politics, Sexualities
Ledent, Bénédicte ULg; Fumagalli, Maria Cristina; Del Valle Alcalá, Roberto

Book published by University of Virginia Press (2013)

Studies of sexuality in Caribbean culture are on the rise, focusing mainly on homosexuality and homophobia or on regional manifestations of normative and nonnormative sexualities. The Cross-Dressed ... [more ▼]

Studies of sexuality in Caribbean culture are on the rise, focusing mainly on homosexuality and homophobia or on regional manifestations of normative and nonnormative sexualities. The Cross-Dressed Caribbean extends this exploration by using the trope of transvestism not only to analyze texts and contexts from anglophone, francophone, Spanish, Dutch, and diasporic Caribbean literature and film, but also to highlight reinventions of sexuality and resistance to different forms of exploitation and oppression. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (10 ULg)
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See detailCross-entropy based rare-event simulation for the identification of dangerous events in power systems
Belmudes, Florence ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems (PMAPS-08) (2008)

We propose in this paper a novel approach for identifying rare events that may endanger power system integrity. This approach is inspired by the rare-event simulation literature and, in particular, by the ... [more ▼]

We propose in this paper a novel approach for identifying rare events that may endanger power system integrity. This approach is inspired by the rare-event simulation literature and, in particular, by the cross-entropy (CE) method for rare event simulation. We propose a general framework for exploiting the CE method in the context of power system reliability evaluation, when a severity function defined on the set of possible events is available. The approach is illustrated on the IEEE 30 bus test system when instability mechanisms related to static voltage security are considered. [less ▲]

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See detailThe cross-entropy method for power system combinatorial optimization problems
Ernst, Damien ULg; Glavic, Mevludin; Stan, Guy-Bart et al

in Proceedings of the 2007 Power Tech (2007)

We present an application of a cross-entropy based combinatorial optimization method for solving some unit commitment problems. We report simulation results and analyze, under several perspectives ... [more ▼]

We present an application of a cross-entropy based combinatorial optimization method for solving some unit commitment problems. We report simulation results and analyze, under several perspectives (accuracy, computing times, ability to solve efficiently large-scale problems), the performances of the approach. [less ▲]

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See detailCross-entropy optimization of control policies with adaptive basis functions
Busoniu, Lucian; Ernst, Damien ULg; Babuska, Robert et al

in IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics-Part B: Cybernetics (2011), 41(1), 196-209

This paper introduces an algorithm for direct search of control policies in continuous-state, discrete-action Markov decision processes. The algorithm looks for the best closed-loop policy that can be ... [more ▼]

This paper introduces an algorithm for direct search of control policies in continuous-state, discrete-action Markov decision processes. The algorithm looks for the best closed-loop policy that can be represented using a given number of basis functions (BFs), where a discrete action is assigned to each BF. The type of the BFs and their number are specified in advance and determine the complexity of the representation. Considerable flexibility is achieved by optimizing the locations and shapes of the BFs, together with the action assignments. The optimization is carried out with the cross-entropy method and evaluates the policies by their empirical return from a representative set of initial states. The return for each representative state is estimated using Monte Carlo simulations. The resulting algorithm for crossentropy policy search with adaptive BFs is extensively evaluated in problems with two to six state variables, for which it reliably obtains good policies with only a small number of BFs. In these experiments, cross-entropy policy search requires vastly fewer BFs than value-function techniques with equidistant BFs, and outperforms policy search with a competing optimization algorithm called DIRECT. [less ▲]

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See detailCross-hand replantation: preliminary case report.
Kutz, J E; Sinclair, S W; Rao, V et al

in Journal of Microsurgery (1982), 3(4), 251-4

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See detailCross-linked pH sensitive polymer micelles for drug delivery systems
Cajot, Sébastien ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg

Poster (2009, December 08)

Over the last decade, polymer micelles attracted an increasing interest in drug pharmaceutical research because they could be used as efficient drug delivery systems. Micelles of amphiphilic block ... [more ▼]

Over the last decade, polymer micelles attracted an increasing interest in drug pharmaceutical research because they could be used as efficient drug delivery systems. Micelles of amphiphilic block copolymers are supramolecular core-shell type assemblies of tens of nanometers in diameter. In principle, the micelles core is usually constructed with biodegradable hydrophobic polymers such as aliphatic polyesters, e.g. poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL), which serves as a reservoir for the incorporation of various lipophilic drugs. Water soluble poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) is most frequently used to build the micelle corona because it is very efficient in preventing protein adsorption at surfaces and in stabilizing the micelles in the blood compartment, giving rise to particles invisible to the body defence system (so-called stealthy or long circulating particles). The tumour targeting of a cytotoxic agent refers to the passive accumulation of polymer nanocarriers to solid tumours (EPR effect) followed by active internalization in tumor cells. The internalization of the drug is required for cell death because most cytotoxic drugs act intracellularly. Accordingly, polymer micelles are usually modified by specific ligands. No-specific ligands can be used if their exposition is modulated by the pH decrease typical of tumour tissues. The release of the drug is ruled by diffusion and degradation of the biodegradable polymer used as reservoir. Even if micelles get a high stability in aqueous media thanks to their low critical micellar concentration, the dissociation of micelles is not always preserved when they are injected in the blood compartment. The cross-linking of the core of micelles by disulfide bridges will provide the stability of micelles after the administration and will release the drugs intracellularly by enzymatic breaking of disulfide bridges. This work consists in the development of new macromolecular architectures for the targeting of tumour cells. pH sensitive copolymers able to micellize so as non-specific ligand like biotin is exposed on their surface in response to pH decrease typical for tumour tissues will be synthesized by the incorporation of pH-sensitive linkers, e.g. imine benzoïc linkers. In addition, the core of these new micelles will be cross-linked by disulfide bridges to prevent dissociation around healthy cells and trigger the drug release inside tumour cells. [less ▲]

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See detailCross-modal facilitation is not specific to self-face recognition
Brédart, Serge ULg

in Consciousness & Cognition (2004), 13(3), 610-612

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (9 ULg)