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See detailControlled Deposition of Highly Oriented Type I Collagen Mimicking In Vivo Collagen Structures
Tenboll, Annabell; Behafarid, Darvish; Hou, Weimin et al

in Langmuir (2010), 26

The structural arrangement of type I collagen in vivo is critical for the normal functioning of tissues, such as bone, cornea, and blood vessels. At present, there are no low-cost techniques for ... [more ▼]

The structural arrangement of type I collagen in vivo is critical for the normal functioning of tissues, such as bone, cornea, and blood vessels. At present, there are no low-cost techniques for fabricating aligned collagen structures for applications in regenerative medicine. Here, we report a straightforward approach to fabricate collagen films, with defined orientation of collagen fibrillar aggregates within a matrix of oriented collagen molecules. Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) technology was used to deposit thin films of oriented type I collagen onto substrates. It was found that collagen does not behave like classical LB materials, such as amphiphilic hydrocarbon acids or lipids. The thickness of the deposited collagen films and the area-pressure isotherms were found to depend on the amount of material spread. In addition, no film collapse was detected and the deposited LB films were thicker than the theoretical dimension of a collagen monolayer (1.5 nm) formed by triple helical collagen molecules. Individual LB films with thicknesses of up to 20 nm were obtained, and multiple depositions yielded overall film thicknesses of up to 100 nm. Films consisted of a matrix of collagen molecules containing thicker fibrillar aggregates of collagen (micrometers in length). These fibrillar aggregates were built up of shorter unit molecules forming “spun thread” structures, some of which exhibited a zigzag pattern. In addition to aligning collagen unidirectionally (similar for example to tendon), we performed a two-step deposition procedure, in which the substrate was turned 90 between two consecutive collagen deposition steps. The resulting films showed orthogonally aligned collagen layers, mimicking the structure of cornea. Thus, this technique permits control of the thickness of individual layers, the orientation of successive layers, and the number of layers within the construct. Therefore, it may have widespread applicability for the engineering of collagen-rich tissues [less ▲]

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See detailControlled exchange of metallic cations by a polypyrrole-based resin
Jérôme, Christine ULg; Martinot, Lucien; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Journal de Chimie Physique et de Physico-Chimie Biologique (1998), 95(6), 1475-1478

This work shows that the binding and the release of Cs+, Ba2+, La3+ and Th4+ cations can be controlled by the application of a potential to a polypyπole doped with polystyrene sulfonate exchange-resin ... [more ▼]

This work shows that the binding and the release of Cs+, Ba2+, La3+ and Th4+ cations can be controlled by the application of a potential to a polypyπole doped with polystyrene sulfonate exchange-resin. Radiometric and nuclear techniques were carried out to characterize the reversibility of the process in relation with the exchanged-cation charge. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled exchange of metallic cations by polypyrrole-based resins
Jérôme, Christine ULg; Martinot, Lucien; Strivay, David ULg et al

in Synthetic Metals (2001), 118(1-3), 45-55

Binding and release of various cations by polarization of polypyrrole based exchange-resins has been studied. The reversibility of the process has been investigated by electrochemical and nuclear ... [more ▼]

Binding and release of various cations by polarization of polypyrrole based exchange-resins has been studied. The reversibility of the process has been investigated by electrochemical and nuclear techniques. It clearly depends on both the exchanged-cation and the sulfonated doping-ion. The selectivity of the process has also been analyzed by binding experiments from a mixture of two cations. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled field study comparing organic and inorganic trace elements supplementation in hypermuscled Belgian Blue Breed: biochemical aspects
Guyot, Hugues ULg; Martin-Tereso, Javier; Litjens, Wilbert et al

in Proceedings of the Buiatrissima 8th ECBHM symposium (2013, August)

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See detailControlled field study comparing organic and inorganic trace elements supplementation in hypermuscled Belgian Blue Breed: clinical aspects
Rollin, Frédéric ULg; Martin-Tereso, Javier; Litjens, Wilbert et al

in Proceedings of the Buiatrissima 8th ECBHM symposium (2013, August)

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See detailControlled flow of smart powders
Lumay, Geoffroy ULg; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg

in Physical Review E (2008), 78(6),

The flow properties of powders are mainly due to the interplay of cohesive forces and intergrain frictional forces. We have experimentally investigated a "smart granular system" for which the ... [more ▼]

The flow properties of powders are mainly due to the interplay of cohesive forces and intergrain frictional forces. We have experimentally investigated a "smart granular system" for which the interparticle cohesion can be tuned by a magnetic field B. We show that the rheological features of such a system can be controlled. Indeed, the granular flow can be controlled or even stopped by the magnetic field. Depending on the orientation of B, different dynamical regimes can be obtained like a "dry liquid state" forming conical droplets as well as a "layered soft state". Scaling lows are given for the flow rate outside a funnel as a function of B and for the stopping threshold of the flow as a function of the funnel output diameter D. From this analysis, it appears that the flowing properties are related to the dimensionality of the magnetic aggregates. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled free radical polymerization of styrene initiated from alkoxyamine attached to polyacrylate chemisorbed onto conducting surfaces
Voccia, Samuël; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

in Chemistry of Materials (2003), 15(4), 923-927

A new inimer that associates an alkoxyamine, which is an initiator/mediator in nitroxide mediated radical polymerization (NMP), and a polymerizable acrylate has been synthesized and used in a two-step ... [more ▼]

A new inimer that associates an alkoxyamine, which is an initiator/mediator in nitroxide mediated radical polymerization (NMP), and a polymerizable acrylate has been synthesized and used in a two-step "grafting-from" method. The acrylate has been first electropolymerized under a cathodic potential, such that the polymer is chemisorbed on the cathode. NMP of styrene has then been initiated from the electrografted polyacrylate chains with formation of polystyrene with controlled molecular weight and narrow polydispersity. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled free-radical polymerization products using new controlled agents
Jérôme, Robert ULg; Meyer, Rolf-Volker; Vanhoorne, Pierre et al

Patent (2002)

The present invention relates to a new process for the production of polymers by means of pseudo-living free-radical polymerization using nitrogen monoxide, as well as to intermediate products and ... [more ▼]

The present invention relates to a new process for the production of polymers by means of pseudo-living free-radical polymerization using nitrogen monoxide, as well as to intermediate products and polymers obtainable by the process according to the invention and the use thereof. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled free-radical polymerization products using new controlled agents
VanHoorne, Pierre; Meyer, Rolf-Volker; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

Patent (2002)

The present invention relates to a new process for the production of polymers by means of pseudo-living free-radical polymerization using nitrogen monoxide, as well as to intermediate products and ... [more ▼]

The present invention relates to a new process for the production of polymers by means of pseudo-living free-radical polymerization using nitrogen monoxide, as well as to intermediate products and polymers obtainable by the process according to the invention and the use thereof. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled free-radical polymerization products using new controlled agents
Vanhoorne, Pierre; Meyer, Rolf-Volker; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

Patent (2002)

A process for the production of polymers by means of pseudo-living free-radical polymerization is disclosed. The process entails (i) reacting a polymerizable vinyl monomer with nitrogen monoxide and at ... [more ▼]

A process for the production of polymers by means of pseudo-living free-radical polymerization is disclosed. The process entails (i) reacting a polymerizable vinyl monomer with nitrogen monoxide and at least one initiator to prepare a free-radical intermediate product, and (ii) polymerizing the intermediate product optionally together with one or more additional monomers and/or with a free-radical initiator. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled free-radical polymerization products using new controlled agents
Vanhoorne, Pierre; Meyer, Rolf-Volker; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

Patent (2002)

The present invention relates to a new process for the production of polymers by means of pseudo-living free-radical polymerization using nitrogen monoxide, as well as to intermediate products and ... [more ▼]

The present invention relates to a new process for the production of polymers by means of pseudo-living free-radical polymerization using nitrogen monoxide, as well as to intermediate products and polymers obtainable by the process according to the invention and the use thereof. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled free-radical polymerization products using new controlled agents
Vanhoorne, Pierre; Meyer, Rolf-Volker; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

Patent (2004)

A process for the production of polymers by means of pseudo-living free-radical polymerization is disclosed. The process entails (i) reacting a polymerizable vinyl monomer with nitrogen monoxide and at ... [more ▼]

A process for the production of polymers by means of pseudo-living free-radical polymerization is disclosed. The process entails (i) reacting a polymerizable vinyl monomer with nitrogen monoxide and at least one initiator to prepare a free-radical intermediate product, and (ii) polymerizing the intermediate product optionally together with one or more additional monomers and/or with a free-radical initiator. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled full adder or subtractor by vibrational quantum computing
Bomble, L.; Lauvergnat, D.; Remacle, Françoise ULg et al

in Physical Review. A (2009), 80(2),

A controlled full addition or subtraction can be realized by a unitary transformation on a register of four qubits. The fourth qubit is then used as a control qubit to enforce the addition or the ... [more ▼]

A controlled full addition or subtraction can be realized by a unitary transformation on a register of four qubits. The fourth qubit is then used as a control qubit to enforce the addition or the subtraction of two binary digits and a carry or a borrow. The transformation can be decomposed into six elementary gates. The network differs from the adder network of four elementary gates by including two new controlled-NOT gates. The scheme is general and its implementation using vibrational computing has the advantage that the single global transformation that connects the inputs to the outputs can be driven in one step by a single laser shot. This decreases the time of operation and allows for a better use of the optical resources and for an improvement of the fidelity. The laser pulses are optimized by optimal control theory. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled full adder-subtractor by vibrational computing
Bomble, L.; Lauvergnat, D.; Remacle, Françoise ULg et al

in Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics [=PCCP] (2010), 12(48), 15628-15635

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See detailControlled Memory Processes in Questionable Alzheimer's Disease: A View from Neuroimaging Research
Bastin, Christine ULg; Kerrouche N; Lekeu, Françoise ULg et al

in Journal of Alzheimer's Disease [=JAD] (2010), 20(2), 547-560

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by a progressive loss of controlled cognitive processes, and neuroimaging studies at early stages of AD provide an opportunity to tease out the neural correlates ... [more ▼]

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by a progressive loss of controlled cognitive processes, and neuroimaging studies at early stages of AD provide an opportunity to tease out the neural correlates of controlled processes. Accordingly, controlled and automatic memory performance was assessed with the Process Dissociation Procedure in 50 patients diagnosed with questionable Alzheimer's disease (QAD). The patients' brain glucose metabolism was measured using FDG-PET. After a follow-up period of 36 months, 27 patients had converted to AD, while 23 remained stable. Both groups showed a similar decrease in controlled memory processes but preserved automatic processes at entry into the study. Voxel-based cognitive and metabolic correlations showed that a decrease in controlled memory processes was preferentially correlated with lower activity in the dorsomedial prefrontal and posterior cingulate cortices in very early AD patients. In stable QAD patients, reduced controlled performance in verbal memory correlated with impaired activity in the left anterior hippocampal structure. The results demonstrated the central role of a medial frontal-posterior cingulate network for controlled processing of episodic memory in the early stages of AD. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled nitroxide-mediated radical polymerization of styrene, styrene/acrylonitrile mixtures, and dienes using a nitrone
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Sciannamea, Valérie; Koulic, Christian et al

in Macromolecules (2002), 35(19), 7214-7223

Radical polymerization of styrene and copolymerization of styrene and acrylonitrile (60/40) are controlled when conducted in the presence of N-tert-butyl-alpha-isopropylnitrone, which is easily ... [more ▼]

Radical polymerization of styrene and copolymerization of styrene and acrylonitrile (60/40) are controlled when conducted in the presence of N-tert-butyl-alpha-isopropylnitrone, which is easily synthesized from cheap reagents. However, for the control to be effective, the nitrone has to be prereacted with the radical initiator. Nitroxides are then formed "in situ", such that this nitrone system is an attractive alternative for the classical nitroxide-mediated polymerization (NMP), which may require a multistep synthesis of nitroxides or alkoxyamines. The choice of the radical initiator is important because it dictates the structure of the nitroxide and thus its capacity to control the radical polymerization. Well-defined poly(styrene)-b-poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile), poly(styrene)-b-poly(n-butyl acrylate), and poly(styrene)-b-poly(isoprene) copolymers have been successfully synthesized by this process. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled processes account for age-related decrease in episodic memory
Vanderaspoilden, Valérie; Adam, Stéphane ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg et al

in Acta Psychologica (2007), 125(1), 20-36

A decrease in controlled processes has been proposed to be responsible for age-related episodic memory decline. We used the Process Dissociation Procedure, a method that attempts to estimate the ... [more ▼]

A decrease in controlled processes has been proposed to be responsible for age-related episodic memory decline. We used the Process Dissociation Procedure, a method that attempts to estimate the contribution of controlled and automatic processes to cognitive performance, and entered both estimates in regression analyses. Results indicate that only controlled processes explained a great part of the age-related variance in a word recall task, especially when little environmental support was offered. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled Production of Exopolysaccharides from Enterobacter A47 as a Function of Carbon Source w ith Demonstration of Their Film and Emulsifying Abilities
Freitas, F; Alves, A.V.; Gouveia, A.R. et al

in Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology (2014), 172

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)