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See detailCreation of a PKW Database - Discussion
Boillat, Jean Louis; Leite Ribeiro, Marcelo; Pralong, Julien et al

in Erpicum, Sébastien; Laugier, Frederic; Boillat, Jean Louis (Eds.) et al Labyrinth and Piano Key Weirs - PKW 2011 (2011)

Piano Key Weir description involves a lot of geometrical parameters which designations are now well defined. A naming convention has been developed to enhance exchanges and cooperation between the ... [more ▼]

Piano Key Weir description involves a lot of geometrical parameters which designations are now well defined. A naming convention has been developed to enhance exchanges and cooperation between the numerous developers. This nomenclature was presented and discussed during the workshop and the updated version is included in the present proceedings (Pralong et al., pp. 277-284). In order to make easier the access to experimental or field data from different sources, a Database is required. This document relates the proposal which was presented and discussed during the workshop. The carrying out of this Database is expected in a near future. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCreation of a Web site about Evidence-Based Medicine
Delvenne, Catherine ULg; Pasleau, Françoise ULg; Gielen, Jacques et al

in Proceedings of the 8th International Congress on Medical librarianship. (2000)

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (4 ULg)
See detailCreation of Dicke States in Distant Qubits with Linear Optics
Thiel, C.; von Zanthier, J.; Bastin, Thierry ULg et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)
See detailCreation of Dicke States in Distant Qubits with Linear Optics
Thiel, C.; von Zanthier, J.; Bastin, Thierry ULg et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
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See detailCreation of model proteins to investigate the mechanism of aggregation of expanded-polyglutamine proteins. Insertion of polyglutamine tracts into the ß-lactamase BlaP
Scarafone, Natacha ULg

Doctoral thesis (2012)

Polyglutamine (polyQ) diseases are characterized by the formation of intranuclear amyloid-like aggregates by proteins containing an expansion of a polyQ tract above a threshold length. These insoluble ... [more ▼]

Polyglutamine (polyQ) diseases are characterized by the formation of intranuclear amyloid-like aggregates by proteins containing an expansion of a polyQ tract above a threshold length. These insoluble aggregates and/or some of their soluble precursors are thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of the diseases. The only known common point between the causative proteins is the expanded polyQ tract, suggesting that their aggregation critically depends on the expansion of the polyQ tract above a threshold length. Several studies have however shown that the non-polyQ regions can also influence the aggregation behavior of polyQ proteins. In this work, polyQ chimeras were created by inserting different polyQ lengths in two positions (197-198 and 216-217) of the β-lactamase BlaP from Bacillus licheniformis 749/C. The structural and thermodynamic properties of the polyQ chimeras as well as their aggregating properties under native and denaturing conditions were investigated using a range of biophysical techniques including fluorescence, circular dichroism, absorbance, x-ray fiber diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. We have first created and characterized chimeras with 23, 30, 55 and 79Q inserted in position 197-198 (chimeras 197-198). None of these insertions modifies the structure of BlaP; they do, however, significantly destabilize the enzyme by 7.6-8.8 kJ/mol independently of the polyQ length. Similarly to the proteins associated with diseases, there is a threshold number of glutamines above which the BlaP chimeras aggregate into amyloid-like fibrils. It is comprised between 55 and 79Q and between 30 and 55Q under native and denaturing conditions, respectively. This threshold value therefore depends on the structural integrity of BlaP and thus on the steric and/or conformational constraints applied by BlaP to the polyQ tract. We have then compared the properties of these chimeras with those of the chimeras containing polyQ of the same lengths in position 216-217 (chimeras 216-217). The tertiary structure of BlaP is slightly perturbed in the chimeras 216-217 and these chimeras are less stable than the chimeras 197-198. However, the urea-induced equilibrium unfolding experiments suggest that chimeras 216-217 populate a series of discrete intermediate states between the native and unfolded states or that their unfolded state significantly differs from that of chimeras 197-198. Finally, the aggregating properties of the polyQ chimeras 216-217 differ from those of chimeras 197-198. First, the threshold number of glutamines above which chimeras 216-217 readily form fibrils under native conditions (between 30 and 55Q) is lower than that observed for chimeras 197-198 (between 55 and 79Q) suggesting that the steric and/or conformational constraints imposed on the polyQ tract are lower when it is inserted in position 216-217. Secondly, the results obtained under both native and denaturing conditions indicate that the BlaP moiety could assist fibril formation by chimeras 216-217 while it has an inhibiting effect and no effect on fibril formation by the chimeras 197-198 with 55 and 79 glutamines, respectively. Taken together, these results show that the aggregating properties of BlaP chimeras result from a very complex interplay between the propensity of the polyQ tract to mediate fibril formation and the modulating effect of the BlaP moiety. BlaP chimeras present therefore valuable models to investigate in details how the properties of the host protein influence the aggregation behavior of expanded polyQ proteins. [less ▲]

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See detailCreation of two vortex-entangled beams in a vortex-beam collision with a plane wave
Ivanov, Igor ULg

in Physical Review. A : General Physics (2012), 85(3), 0338131-4

The physics of photons and electrons carrying orbital angular momentum (OAM) is an exciting field of research in quantum optics and electron microscopy. Usually, one considers propagation of these vortex ... [more ▼]

The physics of photons and electrons carrying orbital angular momentum (OAM) is an exciting field of research in quantum optics and electron microscopy. Usually, one considers propagation of these vortex beams in a medium or an external field and their absorption or scattering on fixed targets. Here we consider instead a beam-beam collision. We show that elastic scattering of a Bessel vortex beam with a counterpropagating plane wave naturally leads to two vortex-entangled outgoing beams. The vortex entanglement implies that the two final particles are entangled not only in their orbital helicities but also in the opening angles of their momentum cones. Our results are driven by kinematics of vortex-beam scattering and apply to particle pairs of any nature: eγ, e+e−, ep, etc. This collisional vortex entanglement can be used to create pairs of OAM-entangled particles of different nature and to transfer a phase vortex, for example, from low-energy electrons to high-energy protons. [less ▲]

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See detailCreation of universal MIR calibration by standardization of milk spectra: example of fatty acids
Grelet, Clément; Fernandez Pierna, Juan; Soyeurt, Hélène ULg et al

Poster (2014, August 25)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 ULg)
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See detailCreation of universal MIR calibration by standardization of milk spectra: example of fatty acids
Grelet, Clément; Fernandez Pierna, Juan; Soyeurt, Hélène ULg et al

in Book of abstracts of the 65th annual meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science (2014, August)

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See detailCreation, animation and perennial activities of Communities of Practice supported by ICT
Denis, Brigitte ULg

in Journal of Communication and Computer (2013), 10(3), 394-308

The creation and the management of Community of Practice (CoP) supported by Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) can be an answer to the need of capitalizing and sharing knowledge for many ... [more ▼]

The creation and the management of Community of Practice (CoP) supported by Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) can be an answer to the need of capitalizing and sharing knowledge for many private or public institutions. This paper describes the creation process and the development of six CoPs belonging to different fields (learning with ICT, education, and health). It aims at answering to two questions: “Is it possible to create, animate and let a CoP supported by ICT become perennial?” and “Do ICT facilitate CoP’s development?” After presenting the main characteristics of a CoP and existing typologies, we describe the Web services used by the CoPs we followed during research projects. The collect of data was based on different methods: observations (e.g. concerning CoP members’ participation to face-to-face activities and use of ICT services), questionnaires, learners’ logbooks, interviews, users’ productions analysis and shared documents. We examine the evolution of each community referring to their objectives and to the CoP’s life cycle. We underline the obstacles and the facilitating factors to act as a CoP. Finally, we conclude, answering our two questions, and providing some recommendations about the management of CoPs supported by ICT. [less ▲]

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See detailCréations en migrations. Parcours, déplacements, racinements
Martiniello, Marco ULg; Puig, Nicolas; Suzanne, Gilles

in Revue Européenne des Migrations Internationales (2009), 25(2), 7-11

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See detailCreative Industries, governmentalities and heterotopias: the case of local government in France
Froehlicher, Thomas ULg; Guillemin, Arnaud; Apangu, Patricia

Conference (2007, July)

Creative industries, since 1997, have become assets for economic and cultural development. Nations around the world, at different political levels, are now focusing on the development of a creative ... [more ▼]

Creative industries, since 1997, have become assets for economic and cultural development. Nations around the world, at different political levels, are now focusing on the development of a creative industries policy. The success of this concept can be linked to the fact that this meta-sector has one of the highest levels of economic growth in these last years. Despite the growing number of studies on creative industries, the rationale behind the implementation of this type of policy remains unclear. We seek to further understand how and why local governments are participating in creative industries and how it is spatially acted, by using the concepts of governmentality and heterotopias, as defined by Foucault (1991a, 1997), to explore the rationality and the dynamics behind this policy. Our study focuses on the case of the “Grand Lyon” and its economic development agency. In early 2006, Lyon decided to launch a creative industries policy focused on its two existing creative clusters linked to fashion and video games, Lyon Vision Mode and Lyon Game respectively. A transversal approach was taken to include various and often unconnected sectors. Lyon is the third largest French city with a strong industrial economy. The city has the ambition to be in the top fifteen of the creative regions in Europe. Our results demonstrate that, first of all, the practices of creative industries highlight the different types of technologies that were expressing the rationality and mentality of the ‘governors’. We also found that the policy deployed by the local government created two types of heterotopias (Foucault, 1997). These separate and different spaces appeared as places for creativity in the development and implementation of the creative industries strategy. These heterotopias help to build a sense of community among the participants, and create a tribe, clan, or as defined by Florida (2002), a class. [less ▲]

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See detailCreative Sketches Production in Digital Design: A User-Centered Evaluation of a 3D Digital Environment
Mayeur, A.; Darses, F.; Leclercq, Pierre ULg

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2008), 5166

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
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See detailCreative Spatializations: New Cartographies in Contemporary Black Canadian Fiction
Mergeai, Mathilde ULg

Doctoral thesis (2013)

My dissertation explores the ways in which contemporary black Canadian novels rewrite national space by integrating into it what might be called past and present black spatialities. Regardless of its ... [more ▼]

My dissertation explores the ways in which contemporary black Canadian novels rewrite national space by integrating into it what might be called past and present black spatialities. Regardless of its official policy of multiculturalism, Canada appears unable to reflect the diversity of its population, one of the most multi-ethnic in the world, which results in the social and spatial exclusion of minorities—whose presence is perpetually construed as ‘recent’—from the dominant national narratives. Starting from Henri Lefebvre’s assertion that “[a] social transformation, to be truly revolutionary in character, must manifest a creative capacity in its effects on daily life, on language and on space” (54), and from the conceptualization of fictional literature as both a product and a producer of geographical creativities, this work considers the literary respatializations of black Canada in five recent novels, At the Full and Change of the Moon (1999) and What We All Long For (2005) by Dionne Brand, Any Known Blood (1997) and The Book of Negroes (2007) by Lawrence Hill, and Soucouyant (2007) by David Chariandy. I specifically examine four topographies through which these writers relate ‘blackness’ to ‘Canadianness,’ namely, the ocean, the city, the rural suburb, and the home space. More specifically, this dissertation illuminates how these literary representations of Canadian space locate this nation within the paradigmatic locations of black history but also show how the country’s social and geographical landscape is marked by the black history that took place in the country itself. Through a multidisciplinary approach which looks at theorizations of space emanating from literary, geographical, and sociological fields of study, I examine how these writers shift the terms of Canadian identity by disrupting the founding narratives of the nation which rely on the country’s wild landscapes and construct Canada as a white-only space. Finally, this dissertation engages with racialized bodies whose interconnectedness with both physical and imaginary spaces allow for a multiplicity of creative spatializations to emerge. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (17 ULg)
See detailCréativité et rétablissement
Vandeninden, Elise ULg

Conference (2014, May 23)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (3 ULg)