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See detailCorrelation between the neutralizing response to BRSV vaccinal strains and the prevention of pulmonary dysfunction induced by a challenge strain
Bureau, Fabrice ULg; Genicot, B.; Coghe, J. et al

in Proceedings: Réunion de la Société Belge de Physiologie et de Pharmacologie Fondamentales et Cliniques (1999)

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See detailCorrelation between the roughness of the substrate surface and the debonding risk
Perez, Fabien; Morency, Maxim; Bissonnette, Benoît et al

in Alexander, M. G.; Beushausen, H.-D.; Dehn, F. (Eds.) et al Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting II (2009)

This paper presents the influence of substrate surface preparation on the adhesion strength of repaired beams system. Bond between new and old concrete has been the subject of a number of investigations ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the influence of substrate surface preparation on the adhesion strength of repaired beams system. Bond between new and old concrete has been the subject of a number of investigations, but in most cases, only adhesion strength was addressed. This parameter was used to estimate the durability and/or the debonding risk for repaired structure and it’s a generally accepted auditing standards. Usually, surface preparation of the substrate concrete is considered essential to achieve a durable repair because of its influence on the bond strength. To better understand debonding mechanism, in particular these related to surface preparation, roughness parameters were calculated to quantify the influence of surface preparation on the structural behaviour. Using this approach, repair beams prepared by way of four (4) concrete surface preparations were characterized. Results obtained show that repaired beams presenting a substrate with a rough surface permit to achieve a monolithic behaviour of the repaired system. Opposite structural behaviour, with large debonding, was recorded for those having smooth surface. However, all surface preparations used have promoted the same bond strength regardless the roughness of the substrate. The resulting analysis highlights the relation between roughness parameter αrough and the debonding mechanism of repaired beams. Such results will be useful to better predict the performance of concrete repairs. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelation between the Sexually Dimorphic Aromatase of the Preoptic Area and Sexual Behavior in Quail: Effects of Neonatal Manipulations of the Hormonal Milieu
Balthazart, Jacques ULg

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie (1989), 97(6), 465-81

The aromatase of the preoptic area is significantly more active in males than in females. This sex dimorphism in enzyme activity is still found in birds that have been gonadectomized and treated with a ... [more ▼]

The aromatase of the preoptic area is significantly more active in males than in females. This sex dimorphism in enzyme activity is still found in birds that have been gonadectomized and treated with a same dose of testosterone. This suggests that the sex difference is not the result of a differential activation by the adult hormonal environment but rather is organized neonatally by steroid hormones. As the central aromatization of testosterone is a limiting step in the activation of copulatory behavior by testosterone, the lower aromatase activity in the preoptic area of females might be responsible, at least in part, for their lower sensitivity to the activating effects of testosterone on behavior. Three experiments were carried out to determine whether early manipulations of the hormonal environment, which are known to differentiate sexual behavior, also affect in a permanent way the aromatase activity in the preoptic area. Injection of estradiol benzoate into male embryos on day 9 of incubation decreased the preoptic aromatase activity in parallel to its demasculinizing effect on behavior. Unexpectedly the same treatment tended to increase enzyme activity in females so that the physiological relevance of the observed enzymatic change remains questionable. In two independent experiments, we confirmed that neonatal ovariectomy of female quail interferes with their behavioral differentiation. Females gonadectomized at 4 days post-hatch showed significantly more male-type sexual behavior as adult in response to testosterone than females gonadectomized at the age of 5 weeks. These experiments also confirmed that the preoptic aromatase activity is higher in males than in females but no evidence for an effect of the age of gonadectomy on the enzyme activity could be obtained. The sex difference and experimental modifications observed in the aromatase activity of the preoptic area were not seen in the posterior hypothalamus demonstrating that these effects are specific. The mechanisms controlling the sex difference in aromatase activity are discussed. The difference might be organized by the action of embryonic steroids as suggested by the changes observed in males injected with estradiol benzoate in egg. Alternatively, activational mechanisms cannot be ruled out at present. In one experiment, the activity of the preoptic aromatase was positively correlated with the sexual activity of the birds.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelation between thoracic ct-scan angiography findings and echocardiographic right pulmonary vein to pulmonary artery ratio in west highland white terriers with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
Roels, Elodie ULg; Merveille, Anne-Christine ULg; Couvreur, T. et al

in Proceedings of the 24th Ecvim Meeting, Mainz, Germany - 4-6 September 2014 (2014, September)

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See detailLa corrélation canonique : principes et application
Palm, Rodolphe ULg

in Notes de Statistique et d'Informatique (1990), (1), 28

This note describes the different stages in interpreting a canonical correlation analysis. It is based on an example analysed by SAS software. Relationship with some other multivariate statistical methods ... [more ▼]

This note describes the different stages in interpreting a canonical correlation analysis. It is based on an example analysed by SAS software. Relationship with some other multivariate statistical methods is also pointed out. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrélation de la densité minérale osseuse de l’os spongieux du fémur et du T2* chez l’enfant
Schwartz, Cédric ULg

Master of advanced studies dissertation (2005)

La maladie de Legg-Calvé-Perthes est une maladie infantile qui a pour origine une ischémie du noyau épiphysaire fémoral supérieur. Cette pathologie évolue naturellement vers la guérison mais souvent avec ... [more ▼]

La maladie de Legg-Calvé-Perthes est une maladie infantile qui a pour origine une ischémie du noyau épiphysaire fémoral supérieur. Cette pathologie évolue naturellement vers la guérison mais souvent avec des déformations irréversibles de la tête fémorale. Le travail du médecin est de limiter au maximum ces complications. L’équipe d’imagerie vasculaire et biomécanique de l’UMR CNRS 6600 à l’Université de Technologie de Compiègne souhaite créer un modèle biomécanique de la hanche de l’enfant afin de proposer au médecin un outil de pronostic de l’évolution de la maladie et ainsi l’aider dans son choix de traitement. La création d’un modèle biomécanique implique la connaissance de la géométrie de la tête fémorale et des propriétés mécaniques des tissus qui la composent, c’est- à - dire de l’os cortical, de l’os spongieux et du cartilage. L’objet de cette étude est d’obtenir la densité minérale osseuse (DMO) de l’os spongieux à partir de la mesure du temps de relaxation transverse apparent T2*. L’interface de deux matériaux de susceptibilité magnétique différente (l’os et la moelle) crée des inhomogénéités dans le champ magnétique ayant pour conséquence un déphasage plus rapide des protons et donc un temps de relaxation plus petit. L’idée de ce travail est de proposer une méthode permettant de corréler la DMO au T2* au niveau de la hanche de l’enfant. Nous avons développé un modèle permettant de simuler en 2D et en 3D l’influence de différentes structures sur le T2*. Ces simulations nous ont conduit à appréhender les différents paramètres influant sur la valeur du T2* (l’orientation des travées, la différences de susceptibilité magnétique, ...). Ce travail nous a permis de mettre en avant l’importance qu’il y avait à prendre en compte la présence de deux types de moelle (jaune et rouge) dans la tête fémorale de l’enfant et l’orientation des travées. La corrélation en elle-même pourra être réalisée à l’aide d’un fantôme composé de cylindres de diamètre proche de l’épaisseur des travées osseuses. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrélation entre l'augmentation de la densité minérale osseuse et la réduction du risque fracturaire lors d'un traitement par ranélate de strontium
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Cormier, C.; Fardellone, Patrice et al

in Revue du Rhumatisme (2006, December), 73

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See detailCorrelation entre l'echelle de Liege et un marqueur biochimique de la lesion cerebrale.
Born, J. D.; Hans, Pol ULg; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Neuro-Chirurgie (1984), 30(5), 319-23

Brain type creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK.-1) was measured in the ventricular cerebrospinal fluid in a series of 42 patients within 7 +/- 3,4 hours following severe head injury (GCS less than or equal to 7 ... [more ▼]

Brain type creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK.-1) was measured in the ventricular cerebrospinal fluid in a series of 42 patients within 7 +/- 3,4 hours following severe head injury (GCS less than or equal to 7, LCS less than or equal to 12). The presence of the CK.-1 isoenzyme correlated with the degree of head injury as indexed by the Glasgow coma scale and the Liege coma scale. There was a significant logarithmic correlation between CK.-1 activity in the C.S.F. and the coma scores. However, the correlation with the Liege coma scale score (r = -0,84) is significantly better (Z = 1,97; p less than 0,05) than with the Glasgow coma scale score (r = -0,65). Thus, the Liege coma scale is a better index of neurological trauma. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelation law for SMD in high viscous liquids
Vetrano, Maria-Rosaria; Lebeau, Frédéric ULg; Rambaud, Patrick et al

Conference (2008, September)

Spray characterization, i. e. a velocity map of the liquid and gaseous phases and the sizing of the liquid droplet, remains of a great importance in different industrial applications such as in the ... [more ▼]

Spray characterization, i. e. a velocity map of the liquid and gaseous phases and the sizing of the liquid droplet, remains of a great importance in different industrial applications such as in the automotive or pharmaceutical industries. Correlations capable to faster this characterization already exist. They allow the evaluation of the droplet Sauter Mean Diameter in a precise location of the spray using non-dimensional numbers involving physical and chemical properties of the liquid and the spray operative conditions. This paper concerns the possibility to include in the correlative laws also the effect of the liquid viscosity through the introduction of the Ohnesorge number (Oh). In order to achieve this goal an extensively experimentalcampaign is performed, by means of a Phase Doppler Interferometer, for size and velocity measurements in a full cone spray. Parameters as the hydraulic diameter of the nozzle, the operatingpressure and the liquid viscosity are varied in order to cover large range of Weber and Ohnesorge numbers. [less ▲]

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See detailLa corrélation logico-ontologique dans la phénoménologie transcendantale de Husserl
Seron, Denis ULg

in Leclercq, Bruno; Seron, Denis; Dewalque, Arnaud (Eds.) La théorie des catégories: Entre logique et ontologie (2011)

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See detailCorrelation measure to detect time series distances, whence economy globalization
Miskiewicz, J.; Ausloos, Marcel ULg

in Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications (2008), 387(26), 6584-6594

An instantaneous time series distance is defined through the equal time correlation coefficient. The idea is applied to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) yearly increments of 21 rich countries between 1950 ... [more ▼]

An instantaneous time series distance is defined through the equal time correlation coefficient. The idea is applied to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) yearly increments of 21 rich countries between 1950 and 2005 in order to test the process of economic globalisation. Some data discussion is first presented to decide what (EKS, GK, or derived) GDP series should be studied. Distances are then calculated from the correlation coefficient values between pairs of series. The role of time averaging of the distances over finite size windows is discussed. Three network structures are next constructed based on the hierarchy of distances. It is shown that the mean distance between the most developed countries on several networks actually decreases in time, -which we consider as a proof of globalization. An empirical law is found for the evolution after 1990 similar to that found, in flux creep. The optimal observation time window size is found similar or equal to 15 years. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelation of bronchoalveolar eosinophilic percentage with airway responsiveness in cats with chronic bronchial disease
Allerton; Leemans, J; Tual, Charlotte ULg et al

in Journal of Small Animal Practice (2013), 54(5), 258-264

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See detailCorrelation of Experimental and Numerical Results on Electrostatically Actuated Micro-Beams
Rochus, Véronique ULg; Rixen, Daniel; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg

in Technical Proceedings of the 2006 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show (2006), 3

The aim of this paper is to validate numerical simula- tions of electromechanical coupling in micro-structures using some experimental results. The micro-structures studied here consist in a micro-bridge ... [more ▼]

The aim of this paper is to validate numerical simula- tions of electromechanical coupling in micro-structures using some experimental results. The micro-structures studied here consist in a micro-bridge and two cantilever micro-beams. Multi-physics models of micro-electro- mechanical systems (MEMS) based on the ¯nite ele- ment method (FEM) are used to model the strongly coupled electro-mechanical interactions and to perform static analyses taking into account large displacements. In all the cases treated here the numerical results are in very good agreement with the experimental results. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelation of five radioimmunoassay systems for measurement of bovine plasma pregnancy-associated glycoprotein concentrations at early pregnancy period.
Ayad, A.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Sulon, Joseph ULg et al

in Research in Veterinary Science (2009), 86

The measurement of serum or plasma PAG concentrations is currently used as a specific method for pregnancy diagnosis in cattle. In this study, the correlation between five radioimmunoassay systems (RIA ... [more ▼]

The measurement of serum or plasma PAG concentrations is currently used as a specific method for pregnancy diagnosis in cattle. In this study, the correlation between five radioimmunoassay systems (RIA-497, RIA-706, RIA-780, RIA-809 and RIA-Pool) developed for measurement of PAG concentrations in ruminant species was investigated in plasma from pregnant Friesian Holstein females. Plasma PAG concentrations (ng/mL) measured by different RIA systems were significantly correlated between them ( 0.81; P<0.001). PAG concentrations increased significantly from Day 21 (n=27) to 30 (n=37) after AI by use of all PAG-RIA systems. From Day 30 to 80 after AI, lower PAG concentrations were observed when using the homologous system RIA-497. The addition of several proteinase inhibitors changed neither the non specific binding nor the B(0) binding to the tracer. Our results suggest that all tested PAG-RIA (RIA-497, RIA-706, RIA-780, RIA-809 and RIA-Pool) are highly correlated and can be useful to follow PAG concentrations in samples collected during the first trimester of gestation. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelation of palpated pulse and invasive arterial blood pressure in dogs.
Gommeren, Kris ULg; Peyron, Clémence ULg; Lacoste-Garanger, Nicolas ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 9th EVECCS Annual meeting (2010)

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See detailCorrelation of phasic muscle strength and corticomotoneuron conduction time in multiple sclerosis.
van der Kamp, W.; MAERTENS DE NOORDHOUT, Alain ULg; Thompson, P. D. et al

in Annals of Neurology (1991), 29(1), 6-12

Central motor conduction times for the adductor pollicis muscle, the twitch force of that muscle to scalp magnetic motor cortex stimulation, and the maximum force of phasic voluntary contraction of the ... [more ▼]

Central motor conduction times for the adductor pollicis muscle, the twitch force of that muscle to scalp magnetic motor cortex stimulation, and the maximum force of phasic voluntary contraction of the same muscle were measured in 15 patients with multiple sclerosis. Two tests of manual dexterity of the same hand also were studied: the Purdue pegboard test, and the maximal frequency of a scissors movement of the thumb and index finger. The patients had normal strength or minimal weakness of the intrinsic muscles of the hand on clinical examination. The mean central motor conduction times for the adductor pollicis muscle for the patients were longer than normal, the peak twitch force of the adductor pollicis muscle evoked by cortical stimulation and the maximum force of a phasic voluntary contraction of the adductor pollicis muscle were smaller than normal. There were strong correlations between all these measures. Central motor conduction time in the patients was inversely correlated with voluntary phasic force and the twitch force after cortical stimulation. That is, the longer the central motor conduction time, the weaker the force. Prolonged central motor conduction time is likely to be accompanied by conduction block in corticomotoneuron pathways. The correlation of central motor conduction time with voluntary phasic force and the twitch force most likely reflects the degree of conduction block and temporal dispersion rather than delay in conduction per se. These results indicate that objective assessments of phasic muscle strength may reveal correlations with central motor conduction time that are not evident on conventional clinical examination which assesses tonic muscle contraction strength.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelation of postmortem 9.4 tesla magnetic resonance imaging and immunohistopathology of the human thoracic spinal cord 7 months after traumatic cervical spine injury.
Scholtes, Félix ULg; Adriaensens, Peter; Storme, Liesbet et al

in Neurosurgery (2006), 59(3), 671-8671-8

OBJECTIVE: To correlate high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with immunohistopathology in the injured human spinal cord. METHODS: Postmortem MRI scans at a field strength of 9.4 T, as well as ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To correlate high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with immunohistopathology in the injured human spinal cord. METHODS: Postmortem MRI scans at a field strength of 9.4 T, as well as standard histology and immunohistochemistry, were performed on an excised specimen of human high thoracic spinal cord, obtained 7 months after the initial trauma, several segments below a severe spinal cord lesion (C5). RESULTS: A precise correlation is described between MRI and immunohistochemistry of the long white matter tracts undergoing Wallerian degeneration and of an extension of the cervical lesion into the high thoracic cord. CONCLUSION: MRI, the only imaging technique that currently provides useful information on the spinal cord parenchyma after trauma, is rapidly evolving. High-field scanners of up to 9.4 T are being clinically tested. The present postmortem investigation of an isolated spinal cord specimen demonstrates the precise correlation that can be achieved between imaging and pathology. In future investigations, this type of technique can lead to a more precise description of spinal cord injuries and their consequences in remote tissue. Translation into the clinical setting will improve diagnosis and follow-up of spinal cord injured patients. [less ▲]

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