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See detailCoRoT LRa02_E2_0121: Neptune-size planet candidate turns into a hierarchical triple system with a giant primary
Tal-Or, L.; Santerne, A.; Mazeh, T. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2011), 534

This paper presents the case of CoRoT LRa02_E2_0121, which was initially classified as a Neptune-size transiting-planet candidate on a relatively wide orbit of 36.3 days. Follow-up observations were ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the case of CoRoT LRa02_E2_0121, which was initially classified as a Neptune-size transiting-planet candidate on a relatively wide orbit of 36.3 days. Follow-up observations were performed with UVES, Sandiford, SOPHIE, and HARPS. These observations revealed a faint companion in the spectra. To find the true nature of the system we derived the radial velocities of the faint companion using TODMOR - a two-dimensional correlation technique, applied to the SOPHIE spectra. Modeling the lightcurve with EBAS we discovered a secondary eclipse with a depth of ~0.07%, indicating a diluted eclipsing binary. Combined MCMC modeling of the lightcurve and the radial velocities suggested that CoRoT LRa02_E2_0121 is a hierarchical triple system with an evolved G-type primary and an A-type:F-type grazing eclipsing binary. Such triple systems are difficult to discover. Based on observations made with the 1.93-m telescope at Observatoire de Haute-Provence (CNRS), France, the 3.6-m telescope at La Silla Observatory (ESO), Chile (program 184.C-0639), the VLT at Paranal Observatory (ESO), Chile (program 083.C-0690), and the 2.1-m Otto Struve telescope at McDonald Observatory, Texas, USA. [less ▲]

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See detailCoRoT Measures Solar-Like Oscillations and Granulation in Stars Hotter Than the Sun
Michel, Eric; Baglin, Annie; Auvergne, Michel et al

in Science (2008), 322

Oscillations of the Sun have been used to understand its interior structure. The extension of similar studies to more distant stars has raised many difficulties despite the strong efforts of the ... [more ▼]

Oscillations of the Sun have been used to understand its interior structure. The extension of similar studies to more distant stars has raised many difficulties despite the strong efforts of the international community over the past decades. The CoRoT (Convection Rotation and Planetary Transits) satellite, launched in December 2006, has now measured oscillations and the stellar granulation signature in three main sequence stars that are noticeably hotter than the sun. The oscillation amplitudes are about 1.5 times as large as those in the Sun; the stellar granulation is up to three times as high. The stellar amplitudes are about 25% below the theoretic values, providing a measurement of the nonadiabaticity of the process ruling the oscillations in the outer layers of the stars. [less ▲]

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See detailCoRot observations of active giants: preliminary results
Gondoin, P.; Fridlund, M.; Goupil, M. J. et al

in American Institute of Physics Conference Series (2009, February 01)

We have analysed rotation modulated light-curves of active giants observed with CoRot using spots model. Preliminary results suggest an increase of the surface spot coverage with decreasing rotation ... [more ▼]

We have analysed rotation modulated light-curves of active giants observed with CoRot using spots model. Preliminary results suggest an increase of the surface spot coverage with decreasing rotation period. A maximum of the surface spot coverage seems to occur on giants with effective temperature around 5100 K. Confirmation and interpretation of these preliminary results require groundbased follow-up observations to measure activity indicators, to identify binary systems, and to determine the stellar parameters and evolutionary status of the sample giants. [less ▲]

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See detailCoRoT Observations of O Stars: Diverse Origins of Variability
Blomme, R.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Degroote, P. et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2013, January 01)

Six O-type stars were observed continuously by the CoRoT satellite during a 34.3-day run. The unprecedented quality of the data allows us to detect even low-amplitude stellar pulsations in some of these ... [more ▼]

Six O-type stars were observed continuously by the CoRoT satellite during a 34.3-day run. The unprecedented quality of the data allows us to detect even low-amplitude stellar pulsations in some of these stars (HD 46202 and the binaries HD 46149 and Plaskett's star). These cover both opacity-driven modes and solar-like stochastic oscillations, both of importance to the asteroseismological modeling of O stars. Additional effects can be seen in the CoRoT light curves, such as binarity and rotational modulation. Some of the hottest O-type stars (HD 46223, HD 46150 and HD 46966) are dominated by the presence of red-noise: we speculate that this is related to a sub-surface convection zone. [less ▲]

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See detailCoRoT opens a new era in hot B subdwarf asteroseismology. Detection of multiple g-mode oscillations in KPD 0629-0016
Charpinet, Stéphane; Green, Elizabeth M.; Baglin, Annie et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2010), 516

Context. The asteroseismic exploitation of long period, g-mode hot B subdwarf (sdB) pulsators has been a long sought objective undermined, thus far, by the difficulty of obtaining sufficiently precise and ... [more ▼]

Context. The asteroseismic exploitation of long period, g-mode hot B subdwarf (sdB) pulsators has been a long sought objective undermined, thus far, by the difficulty of obtaining sufficiently precise and continuous time series data from the ground. Aims: Fast photometry from space appears to be the only means of gathering the appropriate asteroseismic data for this type of star. We explore this possibility with the CoRoT (COnvection, ROtation, and planetary Transits) satellite. Methods: We obtained ~24 days of high quality, nearly continuous photometric data with CoRoT during a short run (SRa03) dedicated to the long period sdB pulsator KPD 0629-0016. We analysed the frequency (period) content of the CoRoT time series by combining Fourier analysis, nonlinear least squares fitting, and prewhitening techniques. Results: Our study has led to the detection of a large number of g-mode pulsations in KPD 0629-0016, with 17 frequencies clearly identified in addition to 7 possible (although more uncertain) peaks emerging above the mean noise level (estimated at ~57 ppm). This is more than is typically detected for sdB stars from the ground and, more importantly, the frequencies of all uncovered g-modes are, for the first time, reliably measured. This paves the way for a detailed asteroseismic analysis of this star. The oscillations are found in the 90-400 μHz frequency range with a dominant mode at 205.29 μHz (P = 1.353 h) of amplitude 0.246% of the mean brightness, i.e., typical of mid-radial order g-mode pulsations. Conclusions: These photometric observations of KPD 0629-0016 demonstrate that g-mode sdB pulsators have rich oscillation spectra that are accessible to current space-based facilities. CoRoT opens up a new era in asteroseismology of hot B subdwarf stars. [less ▲]

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See detailCoRoT photometry and high-resolution spectroscopy of the interacting eclipsing binary AU Monocerotis
Desmet, M.; Frémat, Y.; Baudin, F. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2010), 401

Analyses of very accurate CoRoT space photometry, past Johnson V photoelectric photometry and high-resolution echelle spectra led to the determination of improved and consistent fundamental stellar ... [more ▼]

Analyses of very accurate CoRoT space photometry, past Johnson V photoelectric photometry and high-resolution echelle spectra led to the determination of improved and consistent fundamental stellar properties of both components of AU Monocerotis. We derived new, accurate ephemerides for both the orbital motion (with a period of ) and the long-term, overall brightness variation (with a period of ) of this strongly interacting Be + G semi-detached binary. It is shown that this long-term variation must be due to attenuation of the total light by some variable circumbinary material. We derived the binary mass ratio M[SUB]G[/SUB]/M[SUB]B[/SUB] = 0.17 +/- 0.03 based on the assumption that the G-type secondary fills its Roche lobe and rotates synchronously. Using this value of the mass ratio as well as the radial velocities of the G-star, we obtained a consistent light curve model and improved estimates of the stellar masses, radii, luminosities and effective temperatures. We demonstrate that the observed lines of the B-type primary may not be of photospheric origin. We also discover rapid and periodic light changes visible in the high-quality residual CoRoT light curves. AU Mon is put into perspective by a comparison with known binaries exhibiting long-term cyclic light changes. Based on photometry collected by the CoRoT space mission as well as spectroscopy obtained with the FEROS spectrograph attached to the 2.2-m telescope at European Southern Observatory (ESO), La Silla, Chile, under the ESO Large Programme LP178.D-0361, and with the SOPHIE spectrograph of the Observatoire de Haute-Provence (France). The CoRoT space mission was developed and is operated by the French space agency CNES, with the participation of ESA's RSSD and Science Programmes, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany and Spain. Based on observations collected at the Centro Astronómico Hispano Alemán (CAHA) at Calar Alto, operated jointly by the Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC). E-mail: maarten.desmet@ster.kuleuven.be [less ▲]

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See detailThe CoRoT target HD 49933 . I. Effect of the metal abundance on the mode excitation rates
Samadi, R.; Ludwig, H*-G; Belkacem, Kevin ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2010), 509

Context. Solar-like oscillations are stochastically excited by turbulent convection at the surface layers of the stars. <BR /> Aims: We study the role of the surface metal abundance on the efficiency of ... [more ▼]

Context. Solar-like oscillations are stochastically excited by turbulent convection at the surface layers of the stars. <BR /> Aims: We study the role of the surface metal abundance on the efficiency of the stochastic driving in the case of the CoRoT target HD 49933. <BR /> Methods: We compute two 3D hydrodynamical simulations representative - in effective temperature and gravity - of the surface layers of the CoRoT target HD 49933, a star that is rather metal poor and significantly hotter than the Sun. One 3D simulation has a solar metal abundance, and the other has a surface iron-to-hydrogen, [Fe/H], abundance ten times smaller. For each 3D simulation we match an associated global 1D model, and we compute the associated acoustic modes using a theoretical model of stochastic excitation validated in the case of the Sun and α Cen A. <BR /> Results: The rate at which energy is supplied per unit time into the acoustic modes associated with the 3D simulation with [Fe/H] = -1 is found to be about three times smaller than those associated with the 3D simulation with [Fe/H] = 0. As shown here, these differences are related to the fact that low metallicity implies surface layers with a higher mean density. In turn, a higher mean density favors smaller convective velocities and hence less efficient driving of the acoustic modes. <BR /> Conclusions: Our result shows the importance of taking the surface metal abundance into account in the modeling of the mode driving by turbulent convection. A comparison with observational data is presented in a companion paper using seismic data obtained for the CoRoT target HD 49933. The CoRoT space mission, launched on December 27, 2006, has been developped and is operated by CNES, with the contribution of Austria, Belgium, Brasil, ESA, Germany and Spain. [less ▲]

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See detailThe CoRoT target HD 49933 . II. Comparison of theoretical mode amplitudes with observations
Samadi, R.; Ludwig, H*-G; Belkacem, Kevin ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2010), 509

Context. The seismic data obtained by CoRoT for the star HD 49933 enable us for the first time to measure directly the amplitudes and linewidths of solar-like oscillations for a star other than the Sun ... [more ▼]

Context. The seismic data obtained by CoRoT for the star HD 49933 enable us for the first time to measure directly the amplitudes and linewidths of solar-like oscillations for a star other than the Sun. From those measurements it is possible, as was done for the Sun, to constrain models of the excitation of acoustic modes by turbulent convection. <BR /> Aims: We compare a stochastic excitation model described in Paper I with the asteroseismology data for HD 49933, a star that is rather metal poor and significantly hotter than the Sun. <BR /> Methods: Using the seismic determinations of the mode linewidths detected by CoRoT for HD 49933 and the theoretical mode excitation rates computed in Paper I for the specific case of HD 49933, we derive the expected surface velocity amplitudes of the acoustic modes detected in HD 49933. Using a calibrated quasi-adiabatic approximation relating the mode amplitudes in intensity to those in velocity, we derive the expected values of the mode amplitude in intensity. <BR /> Results: Except at rather high frequency, our amplitude calculations are within 1-Ï error bars of the mode surface velocity spectrum derived with the HARPS spectrograph. The same is found with respect to the mode amplitudes in intensity derived for HD 49933 from the CoRoT data. On the other hand, at high frequency (ν ⪠1.9 mHz), our calculations depart significantly from the CoRoT and HARPS measurements. We show that assuming a solar metal abundance rather than the actual metal abundance of the star would result in a larger discrepancy with the seismic data. Furthermore, we present calculations which assume the â newâ solar chemical mixture to be in better agreement with the seismic data than those that assumed the â oldâ solar chemical mixture. <BR /> Conclusions: These results validate in the case of a star significantly hotter than the Sun and α Cen A the main assumptions in the model of stochastic excitation. However, the discrepancies seen at high frequency highlight some deficiencies of the modelling, whose origin remains to be understood. We also show that it is important to take the surface metal abundance of the solar-like pulsators into account. The CoRoT space mission, launched on December 27 2006, has been developped and is operated by CNES, with the contribution of Austria, Belgium, Brasil, ESA, Germany and Spain. [less ▲]

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See detailCoRoT's view of newly discovered B-star pulsators: results for 358 candidate B pulsators from the initial run's exoplanet field data
Degroote, P.; Aerts, C.; Ollivier, M. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2009), 506

Context: We search for new variable B-type pulsators in the CoRoT data assembled primarily for planet detection, as part of CoRoT's additional programme. <BR />Aims: We aim to explore the properties of ... [more ▼]

Context: We search for new variable B-type pulsators in the CoRoT data assembled primarily for planet detection, as part of CoRoT's additional programme. <BR />Aims: We aim to explore the properties of newly discovered B-type pulsators from the uninterrupted CoRoT space-based photometry and to compare them with known members of the β Cep and slowly pulsating B star (SPB) classes. <BR />Methods: We developed automated data analysis tools that include algorithms for jump correction, light-curve detrending, frequency detection, frequency combination search, and for frequency and period spacing searches. <BR />Results: Besides numerous new, classical, slowly pulsating B stars, we find evidence for a new class of low-amplitude B-type pulsators between the SPB and δ Sct instability strips, with a very broad range of frequencies and low amplitudes, as well as several slowly pulsating B stars with residual excess power at frequencies typically a factor three above their expected g-mode frequencies. <BR />Conclusions: The frequency data we obtained for numerous new B-type pulsators represent an appropriate starting point for further theoretical analyses of these stars, once their effective temperature, gravity, rotation velocity, and abundances will be derived spectroscopically in the framework of an ongoing FLAMES survey at the VLT. The CoRoT space mission was developed and is operated by the French space agency CNES, with the participation of ESA's RSSD and Science Programmes, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, and Spain. All frequency tables, including the identification of combination frequencies, are only available as online material. Frequency Tables are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/506/471 Bâtiment 121, 91405, Orsay Cedex, France. Postdoctoral Researcher, Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique - FNRS, Belgium. Postdoctoral Fellow of the Fund for Scientific Research, Flanders. [less ▲]

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See detailCoRoT's view on the variability of O stars: new theoretical challenges
Briquet, Maryline ULg

Conference (2011, June)

The CoRoT satellite reveals diverse causes of intrinsic variability in a sample of 6 O-type stars: beta Cep-like pulsation modes in HD 46202 and HD 47129, sun-like oscillations in HD 46149, and red noise ... [more ▼]

The CoRoT satellite reveals diverse causes of intrinsic variability in a sample of 6 O-type stars: beta Cep-like pulsation modes in HD 46202 and HD 47129, sun-like oscillations in HD 46149, and red noise in the hottest targets observed (HD 46150, HD 46223, and HD 46966). A preliminary comparison with stellar models points out several shortcomings and questions to be resolved. An excitation problem is encountered for HD 46202. The physical cause of the existence of red noise is unknown, and the reasons why a behaviour is observed in some targets and not in other ones have not been investigated yet. That requires an in-depth description of the outer layers of the objects. In addition, a fine tuning of the asteroseismic modelling is needed for all three stars with stellar pulsation detected. [less ▲]

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See detailCoRoT's view on variable B8/9 stars: spots versus pulsations. Evidence for differential rotation in HD 174648
Degroote, P.; Acke, B.; Samadi, R. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2011), 536

Context. There exist few variability studies of stars in the region in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram between the A and B-star pulsational instability strips. With the aid of the high precision ... [more ▼]

Context. There exist few variability studies of stars in the region in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram between the A and B-star pulsational instability strips. With the aid of the high precision continuous measurements of the CoRoT space satellite, low amplitudes are more easily detected, making a study of this neglected region worthwhile. <BR /> Aims: We collected a small sample of B stars observed by CoRoT to determine the origin of the different types of variability observed. <BR /> Methods: We combine literature photometry and spectroscopy to measure the fundamental parameters of the stars in the sample, and compare asteroseismic modelling of the light curves with (differentially rotating) spotted star models. <BR /> Results: We found strong evidence for the existence of spots and differential rotation in HD 174648, and formulated hypotheses for their origin. We show that the distinction between pulsations and rotational modulation is difficult to make solely based on the light curve, especially in slowly rotating stars. The CoRoT space mission was developed and is operated by the French space agency CNES, with participation of ESA's RSSD and Science Programmes, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, and Spain.Based on observations made with the ESO telescopes at La Silla Observatory under the ESO Large Programme LP182.D-0356.Based on observations made with the Mercator Telescope, operated on the island of La Palma by the Flemish Community, at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.Appendix A is available in electronic form at <A href="http://www.aanda.org">http://www.aanda.org</A> [less ▲]

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See detailThe CoRoT-7 planetary system: two orbiting super-Earths
Queloz, D.; Bouchy, F.; Moutou, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2009), 506

We report on an intensive observational campaign carried out with HARPS at the 3.6 m telescope at La Silla on the star CoRoT-7. Additional simultaneous photometric measurements carried out with the Euler ... [more ▼]

We report on an intensive observational campaign carried out with HARPS at the 3.6 m telescope at La Silla on the star CoRoT-7. Additional simultaneous photometric measurements carried out with the Euler Swiss telescope have demonstrated that the observed radial velocity variations are dominated by rotational modulation from cool spots on the stellar surface. Several approaches were used to extract the radial velocity signal of the planet(s) from the stellar activity signal. First, a simple pre-whitening procedure was employed to find and subsequently remove periodic signals from the complex frequency structure of the radial velocity data. The dominant frequency in the power spectrum was found at 23 days, which corresponds to the rotation period of CoRoT-7. The 0.8535 day period of CoRoT-7b planetary candidate was detected with an amplitude of 3.3 m s[SUP]-1[/SUP]. Most other frequencies, some with amplitudes larger than the CoRoT-7b signal, are most likely associated with activity. A second approach used harmonic decomposition of the rotational period and up to the first three harmonics to filter out the activity signal from radial velocity variations caused by orbiting planets. After correcting the radial velocity data for activity, two periodic signals are detected: the CoRoT-7b transit period and a second one with a period of 3.69 days and an amplitude of 4 m s[SUP]-1[/SUP]. This second signal was also found in the pre-whitening analysis. We attribute the second signal to a second, more remote planet CoRoT-7c . The orbital solution of both planets is compatible with circular orbits. The mass of CoRoT-7b is 4.8±0.8 (M[SUB]â [/SUB]) and that of CoRoT-7c is 8.4± 0.9 (M[SUB]â [/SUB]), assuming both planets are on coplanar orbits. We also investigated the false positive scenario of a blend by a faint stellar binary, and this may be rejected by the stability of the bisector on a nightly scale. According to their masses both planets belong to the super-Earth planet category. The average density of CoRoT-7b is Ï =5.6± 1.3 g cm[SUP]-3[/SUP], similar to the Earth. The CoRoT-7 planetary system provides us with the first insight into the physical nature of short period super-Earth planets recently detected by radial velocity surveys. These planets may be denser than Neptune and therefore likely made of rocks like the Earth, or a mix of water ice and rocks. Based on observations made with HARPS spectrograph on the 3.6-m ESO telescope and the EULER Swiss telescope at La Silla Observatory, Chile. The HARPS results presented in this paper (Appendix A) are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org and at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/506/303 [less ▲]

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See detailCorpo estraneo
Van Cauwelaert, Didier; Ricciardi, Stefania ULg

Book published by Avagliano (2000)

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See detailCorpora en toegepaste taalnormen
Meesters, Gert ULg

in Hiligsmann, Philippe; Janssens, Guy; Vromans, Joseph (Eds.) Woord voor woord, zin voor zin: Liber Amicorum voor Siegfried Theissen (2005)

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See detailCorporate Board Attributes and Conditional Accounting Conservatism Evidence from French Firms
Boussaid, Nabila ULg; Sougné, Danielle ULg; Hamza, Taher

Conference (2014, December 16)

In this paper we investigate the relationship between boards of directors’ attributes and conditional accounting conservatism in the French context. Using a pooled regression model to evaluate this ... [more ▼]

In this paper we investigate the relationship between boards of directors’ attributes and conditional accounting conservatism in the French context. Using a pooled regression model to evaluate this relationship for the period 2009-2012, our empirical results can be summarized as follows. Firstly, greater board activity encourages more conservative reporting in financial statements. Secondly, greater board size diminishes conditional accounting conservatism. Lastly, there is a positive relationship between gender diversity and conservatism. To ensure robustness we have calculated our results usingalternative measures of accounting conservatism, namely time series and accrual-based measures in addition to asymmetric timeliness of earnings. These findings suggest that boards of directors’ attributes are an important factor in determining the financial reporting quality of French firms. [less ▲]

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See detailCorporate board attributes and conditional accounting conservatism: Evidence from French firms
Boussaid, Nabila ULg; Sougné, Danielle ULg; Hamza, Taher

E-print/Working paper (2014)

In this paper we investigate the relationship between boards of directors’ attributes and conditional accounting conservatism in the French context. Using a pooled regression model to evaluate this ... [more ▼]

In this paper we investigate the relationship between boards of directors’ attributes and conditional accounting conservatism in the French context. Using a pooled regression model to evaluate this relationship for the period 2009-2012, our empirical results can be summarized as follows. Firstly, greater board activity encourages more conservative reporting in financial statements. Secondly, greater board size diminishes conditional accounting conservatism. Lastly, there is a positive relationship between gender diversity and conservatism. To ensure robustness we have calculated our results using alternative measures of accounting conservatism, namely time series and accrual-based measures in addition to asymmetric timeliness of earnings. These findings suggest that boards of directors’ attributes are an important factor in determining the financial reporting quality of French firms. [less ▲]

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See detailCorporate Culture and satisfaction at work
Robert, Jocelyne ULg; Asfarova, Aigul

in Ishikawa, Akihiro; Sasaki, Masamichi; Shiraishi, Toshimasa (Eds.) et al Corporate culture in Globalization (2012)

This study present in the first part different statistics about employment and satisfaction at work in Belgium : working conditions, relationship with colleagues, quality of management and implication as ... [more ▼]

This study present in the first part different statistics about employment and satisfaction at work in Belgium : working conditions, relationship with colleagues, quality of management and implication as well as everyday life within the organisation. Dissatisfaction factors as well as stress, work accidents and “male-female” inequalities are also be mentioned. [less ▲]

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See detailCorporate Disclosures, Information Asymmetry and Stock-Market Liquidity in France
Sougné, Danielle ULg; Ajina, Aymen; Lakhal, Faten

in Journal of Applied Business Research (in press)

This paper aims at studying the effect of corporate disclosures on information asymmetry and stock-market liquidity in France. Specifically, the purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at studying the effect of corporate disclosures on information asymmetry and stock-market liquidity in France. Specifically, the purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of information included in the annual reports on investor’s behavior. This is proxied by the information asymmetry component of the bid-ask spread and stock market liquidity. Our sample includes 196 French listed firms over a period ranging from 2004 to 2007. We opt for an explanatory study using OLS regressions to examine the nature of the relationship between information disclosed in annual reports and bid-ask spreads a proxy for information asymmetry and stock market liquidity. The results show that the extent of corporate disclosures in annual reports positively influences the liquidity of the French market and negatively affects the adverse selection component of the bid-ask spread. This effect is further confirmed by the commitment to IFRS by French-listed firms from 2005. The decomposition of the total score in the sub-indices shows that non-financial and financial information are important in trading decisions while strategic information may be attractive only for long-term positions [less ▲]

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See detailCorporate income tax subjects
Bourgeois, Marc ULg

Conference (2013)

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See detailCorporate Social Responsibility in the Public Service Sector: Towards a Sustainability Balanced Scorecard for Local Public Enterprises
Ates, Zelal ULg; Büttgen, Marion

in Journal for Public and Nonprofit Services (2011), 34(3), 346-360

This article attempts to address the lack of knowledge pertaining to challenges faced by local public enterprises in the field of corporate social responsibility (CSR). On the basis of expert interviews ... [more ▼]

This article attempts to address the lack of knowledge pertaining to challenges faced by local public enterprises in the field of corporate social responsibility (CSR). On the basis of expert interviews, group discussions and an online survey in five countries of the European Union, this study examines the specific market conditions of local public companies and explores the extent to which they must develop unique methods to assess and integrate CSR. The results include a framework developed for the use of those local public companies that wish to adopt a more strategic and holistic approach to CSR. This framework applies balanced scorecard principles to CSR and includes industry-specific key performance indicators. [less ▲]

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