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See detail2-N-alkylation of 3-alkylamino-substituted 2H-benzo- and 2H-pyridothiadiazine 1,1-dioxides: from K+ATP channel openers to Ca++ channel blockers?
De Tullio, Pascal ULg; Ouedraogo, R.; Becker, B. et al

in Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology (2002)

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See detail2-nitrobenzyl esters of penam and cephem derivatives as inhibitors of penicillin-binding proteins
Brulé, Cédric; Grugier, Jérôme; Brans, Alain ULg et al

in Asian Journal of Organic Chemistry (2013), 2

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See detail2-oxepane-1,5-dione: a precursor of a novel class of versatile semicrystalline biodegradable (co)-polyesters
Lecomte, Philippe ULg; Latere Dwan'Isa, Jean-Pierre; Dubois, Philippe et al

Poster (2003, July 01)

2-oxepane-1,5-dione (OPD) was synthesized by Baeyer-Villiger oxidation of 1,4-cyclohexanedione and ring-opening polymerized by 1-phenyl-2-propanol / tin octoate with formation of a semicrystalline ... [more ▼]

2-oxepane-1,5-dione (OPD) was synthesized by Baeyer-Villiger oxidation of 1,4-cyclohexanedione and ring-opening polymerized by 1-phenyl-2-propanol / tin octoate with formation of a semicrystalline polyester of high melting temperature (Tm: 147°C). A crystallographic study showed that the polyester is orthorombic in the P212121 space with two molecules extended along the c-axis as is the case for poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL). Dibutyltin dimethoxide and 2,2-dibutyl-2-stanna-1,3-dioxepane (DSDOP) proved to be efficient initiators for the random copolymerization of ε-caprolactone (εCL) and OPD. Random distribution of the comonomer units was confirmed by DSC, 1H and 13C NMR analyses. A single Tm was observed, which varies regularly and monotonically with the OPD content as result of a cocrystallisation phenomenon. The single glass transition temperature (Tg) obeys the Fox equation. It is noteworthy that a copolymer containing 30 mol % OPD exhibits a Tm of 90°C. It is stable up to 140°C under nitrogen for one hour, such that processing by extrusion is quite possible. The OPD decomposition is maximum at 223°C for a heating rate of 10°C/min. The mechanism of thermal degradation was investigated and cleared up. The ketone increases the copolymer hydrophilicity and thus sensitivity to hydrolysis. The mechanical properties are quite reminiscent of PCL of comparable molecular weight. Quite interestingly, OPD imparts sensitivity to photo-cross-linking to this novel class of materials. [less ▲]

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See detail2-oxepane-1,5-dione: a precursor of a novel class of versatile semicrystalline biodegradable (co)-polyesters
Latere Dwan'Isa, Jean-Pierre; Lecomte, Philippe ULg; Dubois, Philippe et al

Poster (2003, May 16)

2-oxepane-1,5-dione (OPD) was synthesized by Baeyer-Villiger oxidation of 1,4 cyclohexanedione and ring-opening polymerized by 1-phenyl- 2-propanol / tin octoate with formation of a semicrystalline ... [more ▼]

2-oxepane-1,5-dione (OPD) was synthesized by Baeyer-Villiger oxidation of 1,4 cyclohexanedione and ring-opening polymerized by 1-phenyl- 2-propanol / tin octoate with formation of a semicrystalline polyester of high melting temperature (Tm :147°C). Dibutyin dimethoxide and 2,2-dibutyl-2-stanna-1,3-dioxepane (DSDOP) proved to be efficient initiators for the random copolymerization of ε-caprolactone (εCL) and OPD. Random distribution of the comonomer units was confirmed by DSC, 1H and 13C NMR analyses. A single Tm was observed, which varies regularly and monotonically with the OPD content as result of a cocrystallisation phenomenon. The single glass transition temperature (Tg) obeys the Fox equation. It is noteworthy that a copolymer containing 30 mol % OPD exhibits a Tm of 90°C. It is stable up to 140°C under nitrogen for one hour, such that processing by extrusion is quite possible. The OPD decomposition is maximum at 223°C for a heating rate of 10°C/min. The mechanism of thermal degradation was investigated and cleared up. The ketone increases the copolymer hydrophilicity and thus sensitivity to hydrolysis. The mechanical properties are quite reminiscent of PCL of comparable molecular weight. Quite interestingly, OPD imparts sensitivity to photo-cross-linking to this novel class of materials. [less ▲]

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See detail2-oxepane-1,5-dione: A precursor of a novel class of versatile semicrystalline biodegradable (Co)polyesters
Latere, Jean-Pierre; Lecomte, Philippe ULg; Dubois, Philippe ULg et al

in Macromolecules (2002), 35(21), 7857-7859

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See detail2-Point correlation function of nanostructured materials via the grey-tone correlation function of electron tomograms: A three-dimensional structural analysis of ordered mesoporous silica
Gommes, Cédric ULg; Friedrich, Heiner; De Jongh, Petra E et al

in Acta Materialia (2010), 58

Electron tomography is a unique technique for imaging the microstructure of materials with a nanometer resolution. The signal to noise ratio of electron tomograms is, however, often too low for a reliable ... [more ▼]

Electron tomography is a unique technique for imaging the microstructure of materials with a nanometer resolution. The signal to noise ratio of electron tomograms is, however, often too low for a reliable segmentation-based image analysis. We derive a general relation between the grey-tone correlation function of the tomograms and the 2-point correlation function of the morphology, which enables to analyze quantitatively the grey-tone correlation function with a morphological model of the material. The methodology is applied to SBA-15 ordered mesoporous silica. The three-dimensional grey-tone correlation function obtained from electron tomography is analyzed in terms of a hexagonal array of Gaussian independent pores. The model enables to relate the morphology obtained from the 2-point correlation function to macroscopic characterization data of the material, notably small-angle X-ray scattering and nitrogen adsorption. [less ▲]

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See detailA 2-step methodology for the generation of accurate FE models of nonlinear systems,
Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg

in ASME Internaional Mechanical Engineering Congress, Anaheim, 2004 (2004, November)

Model updating and validation is currently a central issue in the fields of computational structural mechanics and dynamics. The vast majority of applications however concerns linear structures. On the ... [more ▼]

Model updating and validation is currently a central issue in the fields of computational structural mechanics and dynamics. The vast majority of applications however concerns linear structures. On the other hand, updating nonlinear models is something the structural dynamicist prefers to avoid mainly because tools such as modal analysis are no longer available. The objective of the present study is to propose a two-step methodology for dealing with nonlinear systems. Its most appealing feature is that it decouples the estimation of the linear and nonlinear parameters. A numerical application consisting of an aeroplane-like structure is used to assess the efficiency of the procedure. [less ▲]

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See detailA 2-year phase II study with 1-year of follow-up of risedronate (NE58095) in postmenopausal osteoporosis
Clemmesen, B; Ravn, P; Zegels, Brigitte ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (1997), 7

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See detail2. “La Parure“ di Maupassant. Strategie conclusive ed echi flaubertiani
Benzoni, Pietro ULg

in Strumenti Critici (2003), 103(3), 417-438

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See detail2. Implantation des cultures
Eylenbosch, Damien ULg; Hiel, Marie-Pierre ULg; Meza Morales, Walter ULg et al

in Bodson, Bernard; Destain, Jean-Pierre (Eds.) Livre Blanc Céréales (2014, February 26)

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See detail2. Implantation des cultures
Eylenbosch, Damien ULg; Pierreux, Jérome ULg; Dufranne, Delphine et al

in Bodson, Bernard; Destain, Jean-Pierre (Eds.) Livre Blanc - Céréales (2013, February 27)

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See detail2. Implantation des cultures
Bodson, Bernard ULg; Roisin, Christian; Vancutsem, Françoise ULg et al

in Livre Blanc: Céréales - Gembloux (2011, February 23)

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See detail2. Variétés - 1. Froment d'hiver
Seutin, Benoit ULg; Jacquemin, Guillaume; Vancutsem, Françoise ULg et al

in Destain, Jean-Pierre; Bodson, Bernard (Eds.) Livre Blanc - Céréales - Gembloux (2012, September 06)

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See detail2. Variétés - 1. Froment d'hiver
Seutin, Benoit ULg; Vancutsem, Françoise ULg; Couvreur, Luc et al

in Livre blanc: Céréales-Gembloux - Informations avant les semis (2011, September 08)

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See detail2. Variétés - 2. Escourgeon et orge d’hiver fourragers
Monfort, Bruno; Couvreur, Luc; Jacquemin, Guillaume et al

in Livre Blanc: Céréales-Gembloux - Informations avant les semis (2011, September 08)

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See detail2. Variétés - 2. Escourgeon et orge d'hiver fourragers
Monfort, Bruno; Couvreur, Luc; Jacquemin, Guillaume et al

in Destain, Jean-Pierre; Bodson, Bernard (Eds.) Livre Blanc - Céréales - Gembloux (2012, September 06)

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See detail2.2.1. Evolution de l'utilisation des engrais et des amendements
Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Barthelemy, P.-A.; Burny, Philippe ULg

in Hallet, C.; Ledent, A. (Eds.) Etat de l'Environnement wallon 1995, tome 2 : Agriculture (1996)

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See detailA 2.3 Day Periodic Variability in the Apparently Single Wolf-Rayet Star WR 134: Collapsed Companion or Rotational Modulation?
Morel, Thierry ULg; Marchenko, Sergey V; Eenens, Philippe R J et al

in Astrophysical Journal (1999), 518

The apparently single WN 6 type star WR 134 (HD 191765) is distinguished among the Wolf-Rayet star population by its strong, presumably cyclical (P~2.3 day) spectral variations. A true periodicity-which ... [more ▼]

The apparently single WN 6 type star WR 134 (HD 191765) is distinguished among the Wolf-Rayet star population by its strong, presumably cyclical (P~2.3 day) spectral variations. A true periodicity-which is still very much debated-would render WR 134 a prime candidate for harboring either a collapsed companion or a rotating, large-scale, inhomogeneous outflow. We have carried out an intensive campaign of spectroscopic and photometric monitoring of WR 134 from 1989 to 1997 in an attempt to reveal the true nature of this object. This unprecedentedly large data set allows us to confirm unambiguously the existence of a coherent 2.25+/-0.05 day periodicity in the line-profile changes of He II lambda4686, although the global pattern of variability is different from one epoch to another. This period is only marginally detected in the photometric data set. Assuming the 2.25 day periodic variability to be induced by orbital motion of a collapsed companion, we develop a simple model that aims to investigate (1) the effect of this strongly ionizing, accreting companion on the Wolf-Rayet wind structure, and (2) the expected emergent X-ray luminosity. We argue that the predicted and observed X-ray fluxes can only be matched if the accretion on the collapsed star is significantly inhibited. Additionally, we performed simulations of line-profile variations caused by the orbital revolution of a localized, strongly ionized wind cavity surrounding the X-ray source. A reasonable fit is achieved between the observed and modeled phase-dependent line profiles of He II lambda4686. However, the derived size of the photoionized zone substantially exceeds our expectations, given the observed low-level X-ray flux. Alternatively, we explore rotational modulation of a persistent, largely anisotropic outflow as the origin of the observed cyclical variability. Although qualitative, this hypothesis leads to greater consistency with the observations. [less ▲]

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See detailThe 2.35 year itch of Cyg OB2 #9. II. Radio monitoring
Blomme, R.; Nazé, Yaël ULg; Volpi, D. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2013), 550

Cyg OB2 #9 is one of a small set of non-thermal radio emitting massive O-star binaries. The non-thermal radiation is due to synchrotron emission in the colliding-wind region. Cyg OB2 #9 was only recently ... [more ▼]

Cyg OB2 #9 is one of a small set of non-thermal radio emitting massive O-star binaries. The non-thermal radiation is due to synchrotron emission in the colliding-wind region. Cyg OB2 #9 was only recently discovered to be a binary system and a multiwavelength campaign was organized to study its 2011 periastron passage. We want to better determine the parameters of this system and model the wind-wind collision. This will lead to a better understanding of the Fermi mechanism that accelerates electrons up to relativistic speeds in shocks, and its occurrence in colliding-wind binaries. We report here on the results of the radio observations obtained in the monitoring campaign and present a simple model to interpret the data. We used the Expanded Very Large Array (EVLA) radio interferometer to obtain 6 and 20 cm continuum fluxes during the Cyg OB2 #9 periastron passage in 2011. We introduce a simple model to solve the radiative transfer in the stellar winds and the colliding-wind region, and thus determine the expected behaviour of the radio light curve. The observed radio light curve shows a steep drop in flux sometime before periastron. The fluxes drop to a level that is comparable to the expected free-free emission from the stellar winds, suggesting that the non-thermal emitting region is completely hidden at that time. After periastron passage, the fluxes slowly increase. We use the asymmetry of the light curve to show that the primary has the stronger wind. This is somewhat unexpected if we use the astrophysical parameters based on theoretical calibrations. But it becomes entirely feasible if we take into account that a given spectral type – luminosity class combination covers a range of astrophysical parameters. The colliding-wind region also contributes to the free-free emission, which can help to explain the high values of the spectral index seen after periastron passage. Combining our data with older Very Large Array (VLA) data allows us to derive a period P = 860:0 3:7 days for this system. With this period, we update the orbital parameters that were derived in the first paper of this series. A simple model introduced to explain only the radio data already allows some constraints to be put on the parameters of this binary system. Future, more sophisticated, modelling that will also include optical, X-ray and interferometric information will provide even better constraints. [less ▲]

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