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See detailComparison of hindquarter metabolite uptakes in Belgian Blue double-muscled bulls at maintenance or during fattening.
Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg; Van Eenaeme, Christian ULg; Diez, Marianne ULg et al

in Journal of Animal Science (1997), 75(12), 3331-41

Metabolism of muscle growth in the hindquarter was investigated by the arterio-venous difference (AVD) technique in Belgian Blue double-muscled type bulls at maintenance or at fattening. The bulls were ... [more ▼]

Metabolism of muscle growth in the hindquarter was investigated by the arterio-venous difference (AVD) technique in Belgian Blue double-muscled type bulls at maintenance or at fattening. The bulls were fitted with an aortic ultrasonic blood flow probe and with catheters in the aorta and vena cava. They were offered a diet allowing for maintenance (MP) during a period of 15 d, at the end of which measurements were made over 3 d. Bulls were then given a fattening diet (FP) and the measurements were repeated. Arterial blood flow was approximately 1 L/min greater when the bulls were standing than when lying. Blood flow was 2 L/min higher during FP than during MP. The AVD and uptake of glucose were maximal at 1400 and 1600. Uptake of alpha-amino nitrogen decreased immediately after a meal. The increase in glucose from MP to FP fitted very well with the calculated energy needs for muscle growth. The AVD and uptake of alpha-amino nitrogen, total amino acids, and total nonessential amino acids were negative during MP and positive and significantly higher during FP. There was also a significant increase in AVD and uptake of essential and branched-chain amino acids when the bulls were changed from MP to FP. When changing from maintenance to fattening, the incremental glucose and amino acid hindquarter uptake provided energy and supply for muscle protein accretion, respectively. The level of alanine transamination was also sharply reduced. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of horizontal and vertical advective CO2 fluxes at three forest sites
Feigenwinter, Christian; Bernhofer, Christian; Eichelmann, Uwe et al

in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (2008), 148(1), 12-24

Extensive field measurements have been performed at three CarboEurope-Integrated Project forest sites with different topography (Renon/Ritten, Italian Alps, Italy; Wetzstein, Thuringia, Germany; Norunda ... [more ▼]

Extensive field measurements have been performed at three CarboEurope-Integrated Project forest sites with different topography (Renon/Ritten, Italian Alps, Italy; Wetzstein, Thuringia, Germany; Norunda, Uppland, Sweden) to evaluate the relevant terms of the carbon balance by measuring CO2 concentrations [CO2] and the wind field in a 3D multi-tower cube setup. The same experimental setup (geometry and instrumentation) and the same methodology were applied to all the three experiments. It is shown that all sites are affected by advection in different ways and strengths. Everywhere, vertical advection (F-VA) occurred only at night. During the day, F-VA disappeared because of turbulent mixing, leading to a uniform vertical profile of [CO2]. Mean F-VA was nearly zero at the hilly site (wetzstein) and at the flat site (Norunda). However, large, momentary positive or negative contributions occurred at the flat site, whereas vertical non-turbulent fluxes were generally very small at the hilly site. At the slope site (Renon), F-VA was always positive at night because of the permanently negative mean vertical wind component resulting from downslope winds. Horizontal advection also occurred mainly at night. It was positive at the slope site and negative at the flat site in the mean diurnal course. The size of the averaged non-turbulent advective fluxes was of the same order of magnitude as the turbulent flux measured by eddy-covariance technique, but the scatter was very high. This implies that it is not advisable to use directly measured quantities of the non-turbulent advective fluxes for the estimation of net ecosystem exchange (NEE) on e.g. an hourly basis. However, situations with and without advection were closely related to local or synoptic meteorological conditions. Thus, it is possible to separate advection affected NEE estimates from fluxes which are representative of the source term. However, the development of a robust correction scheme for advection requires a more detailed site-specific analysis of single events for the identification of the relevant processes. This paper presents mean characteristics of the advective CO2 fluxes in a first site-to-site comparison and evaluates the main problems for future research. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of HPV and cytology triage algorithms for women with borderline or mild dyskaryosis in population-based cervical screening (VUSA-screen study).
Rijkaart, Dorien C.; Berkhof, Johannes; van Kemenade, Folkert J. et al

in International journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer (2010), 126(9), 2175-81

We studied the effectiveness of high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) triage for immediate colposcopy in women with borderline or mild dyskaryosis (BMD). In the Utrecht province of the Netherlands, women ... [more ▼]

We studied the effectiveness of high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) triage for immediate colposcopy in women with borderline or mild dyskaryosis (BMD). In the Utrecht province of the Netherlands, women aged 30-60 years who participated in the regular cervical screening programme were offered hrHPV testing and cytology (intervention group) or cytology only (control group). In the intervention group (n = 337), women with BMD were immediately referred for colposcopy only if the sample was hrHPV positive. Women with a hrHPV negative test were advised to repeat cytology at 6 and 18 months and were referred for colposcopy if and when the repeat test result was positive (BMD or worse). In the control group (n = 329), referral of women with BMD was delayed until cytology was repeatedly positive at 6 or 18 months. The CIN3 detection rates were 10.7% (36/337) in the intervention group and 6.4% (21/329) in the control group (p = 0.047). Moreover, hrHPV triaging resulted in shorter time to diagnosis (154 vs. 381 days). Although the number of colposcopy referrals was 51.5% higher in the intervention group than in the control group, the medical costs per detected CIN3 were slightly lower ([euro] 4781 vs. [euro] 6235). If, in addition, hrHPV negative women had been referred back to routine screening at baseline, the CIN3 rate would have been 10.1% (34/337) and colposcopy rate would only have been 30.4% higher than in the control group. This study shows that hrHPV triaging of women with BMD is at least as effective for detecting CIN3 as repeat cytology, also when hrHPV negative women are referred back to routine screening. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of HRGC-MS/MS and HRGC-HRMS results on environmental and food samples in some European laboraratories
Helen, Céline; Marchand, Philippe; Laplanche, Alain et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2002)

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See detailComparison of Immune Reconstitution after Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation with Flu-TBI versus TLI-ATG Conditioning
Hannon, Muriel ULg; Humblet-Baron, S.; Graux, C. et al

in Haematologica (2012), 97(Supplement 1), 180

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See detailComparison of Immune Reconstitution after Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation with Flu-TBI versus TLI-ATG Conditioning
Hannon, Muriel ULg; Humblet-Baron, S.; Graux, C. et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2013), Abstracts book(Supplement of 28th General Meeting of the Belgian Hematological Society), 38

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See detailComparison of Immune Reconstitution after Non-myeloablative Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation (HCT) with Flu-TBI versus TLI-ATG Conditioning
Hannon, Muriel ULg; Humblet-Baron, S.; Graux, C. et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2011), Abstracts book(Supplement of 26th General Meeting of the Belgian Hematological Society), 8

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See detailComparison of impacts of dams on the annual maximum flow characteristics in three regulated hydrological regimes in Quebec (Canada).
Assani, A. A.; Stichelbout, E.; Roy, A. G. et al

in Hydrological Processes (2006)

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See detailComparison of impaired subcortico-frontal metabolic networks in normal aging, subcortico-frontal dementia, and cortical frontal demential
Garraux, Gaëtan ULg; Salmon, Eric ULg; Degueldre, Christian ULg et al

in Neuroimage (1999), 10(2), 149-162

Normal aging, progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) are characterized by different degrees of decline in frontal lobe functions. We used (18)FDG-PET and statistical ... [more ▼]

Normal aging, progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) are characterized by different degrees of decline in frontal lobe functions. We used (18)FDG-PET and statistical parametric mapping (SPM96) to compare relative subcorticofrontal metabolic impairment at rest in 21 healthy elderly subjects (HES), 20 PSP patients, and 6 FTD patients. When HES were compared to 22 healthy young subjects, widespread decrease in metabolism was observed in bilateral medial prefrontal areas including anterior cingulate cortices, in dorsolateral prefrontal areas, in left lateral premotor area, in Broca's area, and in left insula. In PSP compared to the 43 healthy subjects (HS), we observed subcorticofrontal metabolic impairment including both motor and cognitive neural networks. Impairment of functional connections between midbrain tegmentum and cerebellar, temporal and pallidal regions was demonstrated in PSP as compared to HS. When comparing FTD to HS, glucose uptake was primarily reduced in dorsolateral and ventrolateral prefrontal cortices and in frontopolar and anterior cingulate regions. There was also bilateral anterior temporal, right inferior parietal, and bilateral striatal hypometabolism. Finally, FTD showed more severe striatofrontal metabolic impairment than PSP, while mesencephalothalamic involvement was only observed in PSP. Our data suggest that subcorticofrontal metabolic impairment is distributed in distinct subcorticocortical networks in normal aging, PSP, and FTD. Subcorticofrontal dementia in PSP is related to hypometabolism in discrete frontal areas, which are probably disconnected from certain subcortical structures. The concept of subcortical dementia is reinforced by our data, which show disrupted functional connections between mesencephalon and cerebellar cortex, inferior and medial temporal regions, and pallidum. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of implementation techniques for Galerkin projection between different meshes
Wang, Zifu; Henneron, Thomas; Dular, Patrick ULg et al

in International Journal of Numerical Modeling: Electronic Networks, Devices and Fields (2014), 27(3), 517-526

To solve multiphysics problems, weak coupling of finite element calculations can be carried out: the subproblems of which the physical nature differs are solved separately on their own meshes. In this ... [more ▼]

To solve multiphysics problems, weak coupling of finite element calculations can be carried out: the subproblems of which the physical nature differs are solved separately on their own meshes. In this case, Galerkin projection provides useful tool to ensure the transfer of physical fields between different meshes. In terms of implementation, the Galerkin projection system can be either accurately assembled over the intersection of two meshes or approximately integrated over the target mesh. This paper describes and compares these two implementation techniques for the Galerkin projection. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of Indicators to Evaluate the Resilience of Lab Scale Continuously Stirred Anaerobic Reactors Submitted to Biological Dysfunctions
Lemaigre, Sébastien; Adam, Gilles ULg; Goux, Xavier et al

Poster (2014, June 02)

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See detailComparison of individuals’ susceptibility to false memory induced by both DRM and misinformation paradigms involving emotional material
Martial, Charlotte ULg; Dehon, Hedwige ULg

Poster (2015, September)

False memories induced by the DRM procedure (“Deese, Roediger and McDermott”; Deese, 1959; Roediger & McDermott, 1995) or the misinformation procedure (in which a person’s recollection of a witnessed ... [more ▼]

False memories induced by the DRM procedure (“Deese, Roediger and McDermott”; Deese, 1959; Roediger & McDermott, 1995) or the misinformation procedure (in which a person’s recollection of a witnessed event is altered after exposure to misinformation about this event; Loftus et al., 1978) are due to errors in source monitoring processes (e.g., Johnson et al., 1993) and one might expect the correlation between these false memories quite positive. However, the few laboratory studies comparing the DRM paradigm and the misinformation paradigm show small (Zhu et al., 2013) or no correlation (Ost et al., 2013) between the false memories elicited by these procedures. However, these studies vary in terms of methodological details. For instance, false memories from the misinformation procedure involved emotional content while those from the DRM procedure only included neutral materials. This study investigated the relationship between false memories induced by two different paradigms (a DRM task and a misinformation procedure) both involving an emotional material. Participants (N = 154) completed an emotional variant of the DRM (neutral, positive and negative lists) and the misinformation (neutral, positive and negative images) procedures and their performances on both tasks were compared. Although both paradigms reliably induced false memories in participants, our analyses revealed only a marginally weak positive correlation (r = .147, p = .051) between misinformation and DRM false memories using emotional variants. These results support the idea that DRM and misinformation false memories are underpinned by (at least in part) different mechanisms and that the previous mixed results were not due to the specific content of the DRM or the misinformation task used. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of individuals’ susceptibility to false memory induced by both DRM and misinformation paradigms involving emotional material
Martial, Charlotte ULg; Dehon, Hedwige ULg

Poster (2015, May)

False memories induced by the DRM procedure (“Deese, Roediger and McDermott”; Deese, 1959; Roediger & McDermott, 1995) or the misinformation procedure (in which a person’s recollection of a witnessed ... [more ▼]

False memories induced by the DRM procedure (“Deese, Roediger and McDermott”; Deese, 1959; Roediger & McDermott, 1995) or the misinformation procedure (in which a person’s recollection of a witnessed event is altered after exposure to misinformation about this event; Loftus et al., 1978) are due to errors in source monitoring processes (e.g., Johnson et al., 1993) and one might expect the correlation between these false memories quite positive. However, the few laboratory studies comparing the DRM paradigm and the misinformation paradigm show small (Zhu et al., 2013) or no correlation (Ost et al., 2013) between the false memories elicited by these procedures but these studies vary in terms of methodological details. For instance, false memories from the misinformation procedure involved emotional content while those from the DRM procedure only included neutral materials. This study investigated the relationship between false memories induced by two different paradigms (a DRM task and a misinformation procedure) both involving an emotional material. Participants (N = 154) completed an emotional variant of the DRM (neutral, positive and negative lists) and the misinformation (neutral, positive and negative images) procedures and their performances on both tasks were compared. Although both paradigms reliably induced false memories in participants, our analyses revealed only a marginally weak positive correlation (r = .147, p = .051) between misinformation and DRM false memories using emotional variants. These results support the idea that DRM and misinformation false memories are underpinned by (at least in part) different mechanisms and that the previous mixed results were not due to the specific content of the DRM or the misinformation task used. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of inflammatory responses after off-pump and on-pump coronary surgery using surface modifying additives circuit
Quaniers, Janine ULg; Leruth, Julie ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg et al

in Annals of Thoracic Surgery (2006), 81(5), 1683-1690

Background. Cardiac surgery is followed by various degrees of inflammation, which have harmful consequences. Because of the central role of extracorporeal circulation ( EC), off- pump coronary bypass ... [more ▼]

Background. Cardiac surgery is followed by various degrees of inflammation, which have harmful consequences. Because of the central role of extracorporeal circulation ( EC), off- pump coronary bypass surgery is deemed preferable. Do different modalities of EC challenge this view? Methods. Four groups of similar patients underwent coronary surgery: ( group 1) on- pump, EC with closed surface modifying additives ( SMA) circuit and no pump suckers ( n = 20); ( group 2) on- pump, EC with open SMA circuit and pump suckers ( n = 20); ( group 3) off- pump ( beating heart) and heparin 3 mg/ kg ( n = 20); ( group 4) off- pump ( beating heart) and heparin 1 mg/ kg ( n = 20). Interleukins ( IL)- 6, IL- 8, IL- 10, myeloperoxidase, elastase, and terminal complex of the complement ( TCC) were analyzed at various times: at induction ( time I); after heparin ( time II); after complete revascularization ( time III); after protamine ( time IV); and 24 hours later ( time V). Results. The TCC was significantly higher in groups 1 and 2 at time III. The pattern of IL- 6 was the same for the four groups. No significant difference in myeloperoxydase content was noted; however, elastase was significantly higher in the two EC ( on- pump) groups. Conclusions. Except for the complement system and elastase, on- pump surgery with SMA- coated circuits did not elicit any greater inflammatory response than off-pump surgery. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of inhibitory functioning in mild Alzheimer's disease and frontotemporal dementia
Collette, Fabienne ULg; Amieva, Hélène; Adam, Stéphane ULg et al

in Cortex : A Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System & Behavior (2007), 43(7), 866-874

Executive dysfunction is frequently reported in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and the frontal variant of frontotemporal dementia (FTD). More specifically, inhibitory dysfunction is observed early in AD and ... [more ▼]

Executive dysfunction is frequently reported in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and the frontal variant of frontotemporal dementia (FTD). More specifically, inhibitory dysfunction is observed early in AD and inhibitory deficits are also prominent in patients with FTD. However, few studies have simultaneously explored and compared inhibitory abilities in both degenerative diseases. Consequently, the aim of this study was to compare verbal and motor inhibitory processes in the initial stages of AD and the frontal variant of FTD. Stroop and Go/No-go tasks were administered. The results demonstrate that, on the Go/No-go task, AD and FTD patients do not produce more errors than control subjects. However, both groups are impaired on the Stroop task (mainly with regard to the error score) but do not differ from each other. These results indicate that AD and FTD patients do not present a general impairment of their inhibitory abilities. Moreover, these two kinds of dementia present similar quantitative and qualitative inhibitory impairments on the two tasks, although their patterns of structural and functional cerebral impairments are known to be different. The presence of similar inhibitory deficits despite very different patterns of brain damage is in agreement with the hypothesis that inhibitory dysfunction in the two groups of patients depends on a disconnection process between anterior and posterior cerebral areas, rather than on the presence of focal metabolism decreases in different regions. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of insulin degludec with insulin glargine in insulin-naive subjects with Type 2 diabetes: a 2-year randomized, treat-to-target trial.
Begin once trial investigators; RADERMECKER, Régis ULg

in Diabetic Medicine : A Journal of the British Diabetic Association (2013)

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See detailComparison of insulin degludec with insulin glargine in insulin-naive subjects with Type 2 diabetes: a 2-year randomized, treat-to-target trial.
BEGIN Once Long Trial Investigators; RADERMECKER, Régis ULg

in Diabetic Medicine : A Journal of the British Diabetic Association (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (0 ULg)